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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, December 04, 1907, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026912/1907-12-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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I " Tho Genesis of South Caro-7 *
lina-1S02-1670." .
?By Hon. W. A. Courtenay, LL. D. *
?(Charleston News and Courier.)
H This ls the title of a very remarka
ble volume just "privately printed
Bf the State Company" for its au
Hor, one of the best friends of let -
B's in the ? oui h. Jt consists of re
?jints of rare pamphlets describing
?arly voyages to tho coast of what is
Kw South Carolina, accounts of ear
HatteT.pts at colonizing the terri
m?jy and rare portraits and maps Il
lustrative of the text. The volume ls
published for the especial purpose of
plating material for the study of the
earnest history of South Carolina be
fore students In the most accessible
form. Besides the Intrinsic iruport
iineel of l<s text, the book possesses a
distict value on account of thu
beauKy of Its typographical work and
the execution of the portraits and
maps with which lt Is copiously Il
lustrated. A limited edition of only
seventy-five copies of the book has
been printed by the State Company
at the net price of 15 a copy. In
Charleston the book may be found at
the book afore of Hammond, i,n
?Broad ?troc?.
PFrutmuiy ?.lie most notable of thu
artistic features of the book ls the
Yanez] portrait of Columbus, pur
chasedl by Spain in 1763, and uow
preserved in the National Gallery,
at Madrid, and which is described
by careful students as "certainly one
of the oldest, known" of the pictures
of the 'great discoverer of the New
World. Other invaluable features in
the Illustrations contained in the
book are the portraits and maps
which w*ro copied at large cost from
the originals in Uurope.
In 168 2, Reventy years after the
discovery^ of America by Columbus,
the colony of Admiral Gaspard de
Collghy was established al Port Roy
al, South Carolina. In this narrative
is contained an account ot the licet
of Capt? Jean Ribault, tho early set
tlement'affected by him, Its subse
quent abandonment, thc fate of the
small rehmnnt k t behind and their
tragic au fie lin gs and death in their
attempt*"toi. reach France lu an open
boat. ThijaLjUOving story ls followed
by an account of later settlements of
French Protestants in America. In
1630 Charles I, of England, encour
aged and aided a colony of French
Protestants ito embark for Carolina,
[but because of the ignorance of tho
[treachery of. the captain of the ves
pel on which, they took pnssage the
[voyage miscarried and the colony
was landed In Virginia, where they
suffered many privations. The third
^chapter in tbj book consists of Capt.
William Hilton's "relation" of a voy
age made under English auspices
_?from the Barnadnes with the object
?notingLa permanent English
ant InU Carolina, an expedi
aich resulted in the careful
tion oft the coast from Cape
Port Kpyal. In 1666 a slmi
agd was undertaken by Capt.
Sanford, and new observa
ade looking to the permanent
lon of Carolina. Three years
r In 1669-70, three ships sail
9 England via Klngsale, Ire
id thence by way of the Bar
loaded with people for the
liment of a permanent colony
new land. After many ad
cperiences this colony was fi
aced on the west side of Ash
?r, west of the present city of
ton, so that by ono step after
the author of this volume
nected the first discoveries of
us in this Western world with
upation of our own territory,
s was "The Genesis of South
a." The rare documents with
:hls volume is filled give it a
hieb cannot bo computed, but
! least interesting of its con
tents is the admirable "Introduction"
written In Mr. Courtenay's best stylo
as follows:
("There shall come a time In later
ages, when ocean shall relax his
chains and a vast continent appear,
and a pilot shall find new worlds and
Thule shall be no more earth's
The art of navigation ls as old aa
civilization, and tho practice of it
must have begun when bartering
commenced. Its early development
in European waters was in tho east
the Mediterranean, and founded Ca
opon boats, such as Homer mention
ed. Vessels of this character could
not make a commercial nation Uko
that which throve in Phoenicia.
Therefore, we find that her ships
were large and that they used both
sails and oars. More than throe
thousand years ago the sailors of
this little State had passed out of
ern part of the Mediterranean, with
dlz, and wore trafficking along tho
Atlantic shores of Europe and Africa.
The maritime spirit of the Phoe
nicians descended upon the Cartha
genlans, the Italians a:id tho Portu
guese. The last named began that
golden age of geographical discovery
which characterized the fifteenth cen
Columbus was an efficient seaman
and also a religious enthusiast-a
rare combination. In his correspond
ence with Toscanelll, 1174, is the
first mention of his decision to seek
the Indies by sailing west. Three
years afterward he visited tho north
ern regions, Iceland probably, whore
he must have found the tradition of
western discoveries, although the se
cret of the Sagas was not published
until the last half of the sixteenth
century. Whatever ho learned there
had no influence upon his previous
resolution. He did not propose to
hunt after the lands which the Norse
men had discarded. Ills purpose
was to open a way, by water, to the
rich and populous countries spoken
of by Marco Polo, for this was linked
in his mind with the propagation of
the Christian faith and thc rescue of
the Holy Sepulchre from tho Infidels.
In his.first log across the Atlantic
ho likened the weather to that of
Andalusia In April, lt lacked noth
ing, he said, except the songs of the
nightingales. Such it ha;; been,
where ho crossed, for aeons of time.
On this route tho vessels of the Cru
saders might have gono to America
in the ewolfth century with loss peril
than they went from England to
Joppa then.
The unfolding of physical laws has
dissipated the artificial terrors of the
ocean, but in the time of Columbus
superstition and ignorance brooded
there, making it truly u "sea of dark
ness," which the Imagination only
had pierced.
The world is not indebted to the
wisdom of the learned for the event
ful voyage that opened these oceans
to commerce, and continents to trade
and settlement. To Columbus be
longs this Inestimable boon. He in
spired the wise and good Queen isa
bella equally with the humble sai
lors of Palos tc pat their trust in his
scheme. He was as persisitent In.
maintaining it through the rebuffs of
eighteen years as he was steadfast
in holding to his predetermined
course across the At'antlc.
The landfall of Columbus on the
12th ot October, 1492, is universally
recognized as the grandest event in
secular history. It opened the door
to influence, infinite in extent and
beneficence; measure them, describe
them, picture them, you cannot.
The first land seen was one of the
Bahama Islands, far east of the pe
ninsula of Florida, and on the same
day as the discovery he made his for
mal landing which ls thus described
in Las Casas's narrative, made from
Columbus's log of the first voyage:
The Admiral took the Royal stand
ard and the captains with two ban
ners oi the Green Cross, which the
Admiral carried on all the ships as a
distinguishing flag having an F and a
Y; each letter surmounted with its
crown, one at one arm of the cross,
and the other at the other arm. As
soon as they had landed they saw
trees of a brilliant green, abundance
of water, and fruits of various kinds.
The Admiral called the two captains
and the rest who had come on shore,
and Rodrigo Descovedo, the notary
'of all the fleet, and Rodrigo Sanchez
de Segovia, and he called them as
witnesses to certify that he in the
presence of them all, was taking, as
he in fact took possession of said is
land for the Klug and Queen, his
masters, making the declarations
that were required as th?y will be
found more fully in the attestations
then taken down in writing. Soon
after a large crowd of natives congre
gated there. What follows are the
Admiral's own words in his book on
the first voyage and discovery of
these Indies:
"In order to win the friendship
and affection of that people, and be
cause I was convinced that their con
version to our Holy Faith would be
better promoted through love than
through force, I presented some of
them with red caps and some with
strings of glass beads, which they
placed around their necks, and with
other trifles of insignificant worth
that delighted them, and by which
we have got a wonderful hold on
their affections. They afterwards
came to the boats of the vessels swim
ming, bringing us parrots, cotton
thread in balls and cloth, spears, and
many other things which they bar
tered for others we gave them, as
glass beads and little bells. Finally
they received everything and gave
whatover they had with good will."
. * * * "Their hair is as coarse
as the hair of a horse's tall and cut
short; they wear their hair over their
eyebrows except a little behind which
they wear long, and which they never
cut; some of them paint themselves
black, and they are of the color of
the Canary Islanders, neither black
nor white, and some paint themselves
white, and some red, and some with
whatever they And, and some paint
their faces and some the whole body,
and some their eyes only, and some
their noses only. They do not. carry
arms and have no knowledge of
them, for when I showed them the
swords they took them by the edge,
and through Ignorance cut them
selves. They have no iron* their
spears consist of staffs without lr< n,
some of them having a 'fish's tooth
at the end, and others, other things.
As a body they are of good size, good
demeanor, and well formed; I saw
some with scars on their bodies, and
to my signs asking them what these
meant, they answered In the same
manner, that people from neighbor
ing islands wanted to capture them,
and ihey had defended themselves."
In this exchange of gifts we find
"balls of cotton yarn and cotton
cloth" among the articles. The cot
ton plant has been indigenious in all
inter-troplcal regions from the earli
est times. It was also recognized by
the discoverer, the raw material and
the product being present on the is
land. Hut whence came the knowl
edge of spinning and weaving? Since
first reading of this Incident, many
years ago, that landfall has been im
pressed upon my thoughts for that
Incident, and I have lingered over it
many times as a mysterious physical
fact, to be only traced from the pre
historic times, In the far eastern
quarter ol' the world, down to this
Island In the western quarter of the
Atlantic, ocean. Centuries before the
Christian era we know of cotton
(Continued on Page Three.)
For Int?rn?) and Kxternal tja*. Positively guaranteed
lo dodi rl?lm.<l for lt or mon?? refunded? Recom
mended fm rheumatlim.pajiiaandaoreneaaof ?llkind?
burn?, bruiiei and apralni. Inflammation .pulmonary
and I ung complaint*, ?orr throat, cramp and collc.and
numeroua other ailment?. The fart that Noah'?
Liniment being recommended for ?tock ?. well aa
inanthould not give the linpreaalon that lt ll too
powerful for faintly ute. NoAii't IJNIMXKT la
ahto'.'jtrly pure and cle?.r? ?ml can be applied to
child with nt. ty. It la not ft dirty, grr??y liquid
and will not nain the fle?h or clothe?. Requite* but
llt<l< rubbing and penetrate? immullatrly lo thc ?cat
of p?ln. For ?ale by ail druggitt? and dralrra, 2Ac.
Be prepared for anion by having n bottle In your
bony. NOAH KKMKI.V Co , llo.toii, Mm?,,H.H.A
Modern Writers Fare Better Than
Did Dickens or Thackeray.
(Philadelphia Press.)
Could anything or anybody stop
you from writing If you got $1 a
word for everything you turned out?
TLere are many noted writers who
have obtained this much for their
Grover Cleveland and the late
John Hay frequently got $1,000 for
1,000 word articles. Barrie's "Lit
tle Minister" has paid him vat the
rate of $1 for each of its 120,000
words. Among poeta much larger
rates have prevailed. Tennyson's
"Tho Throstle" cost its publisher $10
a word, and Kipling got $1,0 ?0 fora
short poem on the Ruii.io-Japanese
war. /
Among English novelists who have
made from 50 to 60 cents for every
word In a long novel are Hall Caine
and Marie Corelli. Compared with
such money earners as these, Dick
ens, Thackeray, and George Eliot
were poorly paid for their labor. For
"The Mill on the Floss" George El
iot received $10,000 for 4,0C0 copies
of the threc-volum? edition; $750
for 10,000 and $300 for 1,000 a re
turn which scarcely represents 8
cents a word. Thackeray never re
ceived more than $20,000 for any
one of his novels.
Sulwer-Lytton's life revenue from
his novels was $800,000, and the
most successful of them all did not
yield anything like 25 cents a word;
Wilkie Collina' highest rate of pay
was a little over 12 cents a word,
and Anthony Trollope, though he
drew $15,000 or more for each of
half a dozen novels, touched his
high-water mark at the same rela
tively modest figure. Scott received
$90,000 for his "Life of Bonaparte;"
Lord Baconsfleld $60,000 for "Endy
mion;" Macaulay "History of Eng
land" brought him $100,000 In a sin
gle check, and Froude was $50,000
better off for writing "Oceana."
Goldsmith's "Vicar of Wakefield"
brought him just $300; his English
grammar "525, and his "Traveler"
$105. Johnson sold his "Lives of
the Poets" at the rate of seven words
for 2 cents; "Paradise Lost" and
"Hamlet" fetched $25 a piuco; Dry
den wrote 10,000 Immortal linos at
a little over a half-penny a word, and
all Gray's muse ever put Into his
pocket was $200.
Trial catarrh treatments are being
mailed out free, on request, by Dr.
Snoop, Racine, Wis. These tests are
proving to the people-without a
penny's cost-tho great value of this
.dentine prescription, known to drug
gists everywhere as Dr. Shoop's Ca
tarrh Remedy. Sold by J. W. Bell.
Few Parcels There are Purchasable,
Because Well Held,
(New York Herald.)
Although Wall street sees many
ups and downs In the prices of rail
road and industrial securities, real
estate values in the thoroughfare it
self steadily soar upward.
So varying are property values in
Wall street, each block differing ma
terially from another in that re
spect, and so rapid is the general
increment there that it would be im
prudent to announce any set values
in any block.
The street has witnessed notable
and unexpected structural changes
In recent years. Some of the most
commodious office buildings in the
City have been built there during the
last five years.
What might be termed a landmark
of the entire city has been com
pleted at the southeastern corner of
Wall street and Broadway, on the
highest priced parcel of land in the
v.. unique in its situation, its
rental power is also unique, bring
ing four dollars a square foot and
more a year.
Occupying the sites of the old Uni
ted States Bank building and the
Metropolitan Trust building, at Nos.
3 7 to 41 Wall street, is the new sky
scraper of the Trust Company of
America, in which office space rents
at close to $3.50 a square foot a
Henry Corn is erecting a large of
fice building at Nos. 64 and 66, in
the thoroughafre, between William
and Pearl streets. It supersedes two
ancient four-story structures and ad
joins the last of the unique build
ings in Wall street east of Pearl
There are very few, if any, par
cels now for sale In this famous fi
nancial thoroughfare.
The .?nest coffee substitute ever
made has recently been produced by
Dr. Shoop, of Racine, Wis. You don't
have lo boll it twenty or thirty min
utes. "Made In a minute," says the
doctor. 'Health Coffee" ls really the
closest coffee imitation ever yet pro
duced. Not a grain of real coffee In
lt either. Health Coffee Imitation is
made front pure toasted cereals or
grains, with malt, nuts, etc. Really
lt would fool an expert-were he to
unknowingly drink It for coffee.
A. P. Crisp.
Prophet of Evil.
Rev. Thomas Clark, of Abingdon,
Va., preacher, politician and prophet,
who foretold the eruption of Mount
Pelee, tho destruction of Galveston,
Texas, and other calamities, has
made a prediction that tho earth will
be destroyed early next year, and
that men in the council of the na
tion will shortly fall the victims of
assassins' bullets.
He also predicts that there shortly
will be another outbreak In the Phil
ippines and that New Yory City will
be partially destroyed by fire early
in December.
For All Creation.
Of all the 57 and 400 varieties of
liniments, oils and pain killers, the .
is but one Noah's Liniment, the grea?.
homo remedy for all aches and pains
in man and beast. So good the price
will be refunded if it falls to do all
claimed for it. 25 cents. For sale
Buckten's Arnica Salvo
The Best Salve In The World.
o ?o
Appleton, Wis., Nov. 28.-"I have
lived thirty-nix Thanksgivings, and
have never had anything to be thank
ful for, so here goes nothing." That
was the note left hy Joseph Melslin,
proprietor of the Mantowac Hotel,
who to-day blew off the top of his
head with a double-barreled shot
gun. Before committing suicide,
Melslin ordered all of the boarders
off the place, telling them yesterday
that he Intended quitting the hotel
Passed Examination Successfully.
James Donahue, New BrKti i, rJon
nectlcut, writes: "I tried e?v>>ial kid
ney remedies, and was treated by our
best physicians foe diabetes, but did
not Improve until I took Foley's ned
ney Cure, \fter the second bottle I
showed improvement, and five bot
tles cured me completely*' I have
since panned a rigid examination for
life insurance." Foley's Kidney
Cure cures backache and all forms
of kidney and bladder trouble.
All Druggists.
On Satur
1907, Be
Arara* ?SK^r-?
_sr v c el*
kit fe.
4 t?r
2 will sell Twenty.
K Vi own as 44 Faculty Hil
boing Ave minutes wi
and Business Section
offered to those desir
ated, was, and never i
man? to buy a lot on E
The Lots offered,
years, with Bond e
cash as purchaser r
Office : RI
Peoples' Bank. \/
Oldest Circuit Judge iii the State.
Legislature will Elect Successor.
On November 26th Governor An
Bel received the resignation of Judge
Janies Aldrich, which, he explains,
was tendered on La? advice of hiB
physicians on account of his failing
health. He ls the oldest Judge on
the circuit bench and succeeded his
uncle, Judge A. P. Aldrich. The Leg
islature) will elect his successor.
Bean ta?
Kind You Haw Always Bou^t
Pastor Strickland Resigns.
(Townvllle Cor. Anderson Mail.)
Rev., W. F. Strickland tendered his
resignation as pastor of the Presby
terian church Sunday, to take effect
January 1. Mr. Strickland has been
preaching here sere, ?i years and has
greatly endeared himself to the con- '
gregatlon. The church regrets ex
ceedingly to give Jilin up, as his place
will be hard to fill.
day, Dece
ginning a
owlkoAVob- ?olVovv "Wwii- Vt
.? 'lit
2 / S m '
Aa ff
JJ f I
1 J
*" rt
S?v ? AV
-Four r/254>) Residence Iv
il," situated between Jo
EalK of Court House, C
of the Town of Wains
intf well located norn
?viii foe netter. Now ii
;ASY TERM?, build a
as can be seen fron
-third cash, balance
md Mortgage at ei?
nay desire.
Spartanburg Man is in Jail Charged
with Murder. ^
'spartanburg, *N??v. 27.-Charlea
Crocker, a white 'nan, was shot to
death hy Lewie Finimons, a young
man about 22 >eara of age, at Sim
mons' home Sunday afternoon/ as
the result of a quarrel over some
stock. After the killing Simmons
surrendered to the authorities at
finoree and was brought to Spartan^
burg and lodged in jail.
The tragedy occurred in the lot at
the home of Simmons, and it is said
that the killing was the result of a
quarrel about a mule.
Millions of bottles of Foley's Honey
and Tar have been sold without any
person ever having experienced any
other than beneficial results from it?
use for coughs, colds and lung trou?
bles. This ls because the genuine
Foley's Honey and Tar In the yellow
package contains no opiates or other
harmful drugs. Guard your healthj
by refusing any but the genuine.
All Druggists.
? ??
?tnber 14,
it 2 P. M.
3 I r ?? *. I
itt r ,
ots, located on what is
Kn and Spring Streets,
rraded School, Depot
illa. The opportunity {
es, conveniently situ?
i your chance, young
home and stop your
1 plat, are large and
in one and two
;ht per cent, or all
-- .j- ^"^""^ '"
ty Auctioneer :

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