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$ OF EXPERIMENT STATION X BULLETINS. fy Prepared Weekly for T TUB KBOWHK COURIER X By J. Linn Ladd. fy fyfyfyfyfyfy*rfyfyfyfyfyfyfyfyfyfyfyfy Profit in Cn|K>ns. Circular No. 27, by W. A. Lippin eott, Department of Poultry Hus bandry, Kansas Experiment Station, treats of cuponizing and capons. The circular has 2 1 pages, ft of which are devoted to illustrations of the process of ca pun I/.in g. The author states that the opera tion of emasculating the young roost ers not Intended for breeding is just as Bi m pie and quite as important as that of castrating tho young pig or calf intended for future slaughter. The ca|?on, like the barrow and steer, becomes docile, lays on flesh more economically and the llesh is of much higher duality, remaining as sweet and tender as when the ope ration was performed on the young broiler. The loss by reason of tito operation of caponizing, properly done, need never exceed 6 per cent-5 birds in every 100. The instruments consist of a sharp knife, a sperader, a probe and forcebs for the .removal of the little testicles, and the price of these instruments ranges from $2 to $4 a set. A broiler weighing two pounds on July 1st will turn out a capon weigh ing eight to ten pounds in December, worth $1.50 to $1.60. Unless the demand and price for broilers bo un usually good, there should bo a handsome profit In converting the male broilers into capons. Tho proper time to operate Is when the bird weighs a pound, if of the small breeds like Leghorns, and a pound and a half of the heavier breeds like Plymouth Rocks. With this circular or any standard work on poultry in hand, any intelli gent, careful person can soon learn the art of caponizing. Winter Bur Clover. Bulletin No. 165 of the Alabama station, by E. F. Cauthen, is entitled "Southern Bur Clover," which the author distinguishes from California bur clover. It ls variously known - o a ?.l~*o.. V...nnntfnrj issi ia ari (ipprOprlqi*! name, rt* thu i i." lp jj?Jh? .)> . ch??tvetori'stie bi this ?.pet?les is ". dark ?po* in the center of the leaf. This clover is a native of Southern Europe and Western Asia. It grows in all the Gulf and South Atlantic States, where it spreads over old. abandoned tlelds ami old pastures, af fording rich winter prn/.ing and rap idly restoring fertility to worn-out lands. The seed pod is spiral in shape, like a snail shell, and is covered with stiff hairs which give them a bur like appearance; hence the name. The plant ls an annual, maturing its seed in April and .May and dying, roof and branch. The seed pod is so tongi) that it requires all summer io rot; so the seed do not. fall ont and come in contact with tho ground until the fall rains beat them out. Then they on germinate and coat the land with rich. tender, green herbage which nourishes all winter, since the slight freezes of those sec tions where it is found do not affect it at all, and even a temperature 20 degrees below the freezing point only scorches tlx- tender tops, leav ing those branches which sprawl upon the ground unharmed. These lower branches cling so close to the ground that even sheep fail to got them all; hence it never fails to re seed itself. The closer lt is grazed, the more tender and succulent it is. if stock he taken off it hy February 1. it will attain a height of 12 to ir. inches and give a smart cutting of hay. the lower branches escaping the sickle and affording an abundance of seed for the next season's crop. Sim-" the seeds do not germinate in suminer. this clover never Inter feres with the production ol* summer crops. Chemical analysis shows winter bur clover lo be among the richest of the legumes in nitrogen, and therefore it is a primo soil renova tor. As red clover is a hi-ennial, its roots decay and add their store of humus and garnered plant food to the soil only one?- every two years, but winter loir clover performs this important function every year. As a winier cover crop, nothing .equals winter bur clover within the thermal belt to which it is adapted. In the lipper cotton bell crimson clo ver is a fairly good sn hst ilute for bur clover, but crimson clover re quires reseeding every fall. Every lower cotton belt farmer who has a Bermuda grass pasture or hay field should sow winter bur clover on it. About the time frost kills the Bermuda grass to tho ground the bur clover springs up and flourishes ali winter. Then when the bur clove dies tile underground stems of the ' Burmuda send up a new crop of grass whoso law 1B to grow the fas tor thc hotter the sun shines, i The seed pods of bur clover weigh about 10 or 12 pounds to the bushel, and lt requires three to six bushels 'of burs to seed an nero. Probably the best way for a farmer to procure bur clover is to take stiff brooms j and sweep up the burs, dirt and I trash from an old planting after tho crop has died in the late spring, and sow these sweepings at tho rate of live bushels per acre, and tho follow ing spring sweep enough from this seed patch to plant his entire farm, as such a patch will yield 75 to 150 bushels of seed sweepings to the acre. The dirt, decayed clover leaves and trash mixed with the burs are exceedingly beneficial, as they carry myriads of nitrogen-gathering bac teria and thus thoroughly inoculate the soil of the new planting. Some sagacious cotton favenirs sow bur clover in the cotton and corn at the last ploughing, graze these fields all winter and have a rich crop of green manure to turn under the fol lowing February or Mareil, if it is desired that the clover mature Its seed before ploughing the land, then some later crop than corn or cotton must follow the clover-some such crop as sweet potatoes, cow peas, peanuts, millet or sorghum. Variation of Cotton Seed Meal. Bulletin No. 170 of the Connecti cut station states that the farmers of that State purchase $200,000 worth, or more, of cotton seed meal every year. They use most of lt as a fer tilizer. Either because of Imperfect machinery nt some mills, which fnil to remove nil of the seed hulls nnd oil, or because of deliberate adulter ation by mixing ground hulls with the meal, tho quality of tho cotton seed meal sold tn Connecticut varies so widely that in some samples the farmer's nitrogen costs him 7 % couts a pound more than In others the actual value per ton varying be tween $26 and $33. The laws of Connecticut now pro vide that any purchaser may have his mea? analyzed by the experiment station and recover a rebate equal to the amount of adulteration found to exist. The proper way to take a sample ls to dip a pint from each of twenty sacks taken nt rnndom from different portions of n enr load, thor oughly mix these nnd send to the stn tlr>r> Mmrnlo? ( reiving (jouions and On loi Seed, Pdl??t?n Nb. K?? pi th.? New Mexico ??'tai iou U'cht? of ex pe ri ni ea tu Iv growing ?Spanish onions from home grown seed. For some time Spanish onions hnve been muong tho most profitable crops grown in New Mexi co, especinlly in tile rich Mesilln nnd Pecos river valleys. These onions are mild in flavor and large in size, often averaging a pound in weight or more per bulb. They have be come so popular in tbc United States that mort' Iban seventy million j pounds of them are imported annu ally, chiefly from Denla, Candia and Valentia. Spain. The New .Mexico growers have been using imported seed grown at Donia, and thc onion lias become known as the Donia onion, and it has been found to be practically tile same as an onion previously grown In New Mexico from home-grown seed and known as tile Gigantic Gibraltar on ion. Prices of imported Donia seed hav ing been boosted nj) to ns much ns $ I and even $."> a pound, thc station undertook to grow a crop of seed in 100!? and succeeded in producing a prime quality of seed at the rate of "i2r? pounds per acre at a cost of about 25 cents a pound. In actual tests along side of seeds Imported from Denla, Spain, tbese home-grown seeds and those produced in subse quent years both nt tho stntion nnd by private onion growers have proven fully equal to the imported seed, both in the germinating power of the seed and in tho quantity and quality of the onions grown from them. In fact the Mesilla Valley Produce Ex change received in Chicago $1.28 a crate for a car of onions from home grown seed on September 2 2 ?ind only $1.01 per crate for n enr from imported seed on the snme market on October ll, the net return to the grower being $:U!.12 for the first car and only $211.10 from the sec ond car. Moxie City Hit by Quake. Mexico City, Nov. 2<>. A severe earthquake shock, which caused heavy dnmngo. occurred here at 7.17 o'clock this morning. Tho disturb ance lusted .">."? seconds and shattered several buildings. Pavements all over tbe city were cracked, and many waler mains burst, Thousands of panic-stricken resi dents of the city ran into the streets, where they fell on their knees and prayed for divine ?lid. Serious damage was done to the $ I 5,000,000 opera house. You cannot cultivate a man's ac quaintance by harrowing lils feelings. UNION THANKSGIVING 8 Kiri '?OK. Will Bo Hold at St. John's Luther?? Church Thursday Mon?lng Following is tho progra: ? the Union Thanksgiving sorvh I held at St. John's Lu them cl arch Thanksgiving morning (Thu: i.v) nt ll o'clock : 1. Anthem. - 2. Glori? Pitt ri. (Con regii lon Rise.) ?reed I hoi love in God tho Fi Vi mighty, .Maker of heaven und - (th. And In Jesus Christ His ^!:!\ M. our Lord; Who was conceived b; the Holy Ghost. Born of the V tin Mary; Suffered under Pontina f? late, Was crucified, dead, a . I bul ind; He descended Into the place of do parted spirits; The third day Mi r?se from the dead; He as< led into heaven, and sitteth or hand of God the Father 1 lid) From thence He shall com- ; ige the quick and the dead. I believe in the Hojy 31.' 'he holy Christian Church; Tho com munion of saints; The forgiveness of sins; Tho resurrection of tho Ix Ij ; And the life everlasting, Au?. i 4. Psalm lOO. (Respo;: . Kl lut ing.) Make a joyful noise uni the 1 ?rd, all ye lands: Serve tho Lord witt ;i; come 1 efore his presence Ith lng. Knov ye that the Lord he ls I: lt ls he that bath mid., us nd not wo ourselves; we are his >. . loj and the sheep of his pas.uro. Enter Into his gateB with 1 :s? giving, and Into his ocurtt ii praise: Be thankful unto him, and 3 his name. For the Lord is good; hi? . f ls everlasting: And his truth enduretl: lo al! , ?>. orations. T>. Prayer. 6. Scripture Lesson. 7. Hymn-55S. Praise to God, immortal For the love that crowm o Bounteous Source of eve.-. - ; Let Thy praise our tont?- - Aili to Theo, .>"' O?dj we ow-, i .?oiiM'.? wi once UH our idosM-i*; , o t> All the >>?6 of i he fields, ; Vii h ? for? .. the g?rrioin yields Flocks that whiten all tlv i ' n, Yellow sheaves of ripened - a Lord, for these our souls ' Grateful vows and solem 1 : Clouds that drop the! veg dews, Suns that genial warmth : All the plenty summer pour. Autumn's rich o'erflowln es; All to Thee, our God, w Source whence all our bl r. Peace, prosperity, and h< ail Private bliss and public Knowledge, with its g streams, I'ure religion's holier be Lord, for these our souls sh Iso Grateful vows and solem 1 8. Sermon. !). Offertory. 10. Hymn, America.-'?< M> country 'tis of thee, Sweet land of liberty, Of theo I sing; Land where my fathers ( . Land of the Pilgrim's pi From every mountain sh Let freedom ring. My native country, thee Land of tho noble, free - Thy name I love. 1 love thy rocks and rill Thy woods and templed My heart with rapture t Like that above. Let music swell the bree And ring from all the tr Sweet freedom's song: Let. mortal tongues awal Let all that breathe parti Let rocks their silence b) ? The sound prolong. Our father's God, to The Author of Liberty, To Theo we sing; Long may our land he hi With freedom's holy llgl Protect us by Thy might Great God, our King, 11. L. M. Doxology. Praise God, from whom nil bl flow, Praise Him, all creatUN low ; Praise Him above, ye beti Praise Father, Son, and 12. Benediction. ( Contributions will be eilt of the orphanages. O specifically directed will 1 among the several lnstltu -. A Missis r w", on his win ni ..und 1 bills anion 0 ^iiO. them were Sp! id SIDELIGHTS OF TILLMAN CASK. Aged Senator Fears Grandchildren May He Lost to Him. (Staff Cor. Atlanta Georgian.) Half blind, broken in body and spirit, and wi tb but a few more years to live, Senator Tillman bas at last admitted that his son has been a drunkard, thus sacrificing his pride that bc may again see his two beau tiful grandchildren, Douschka and Sarah. For more than three years, since the separation of Benjamin H. Till man, Jr., and his wife, tho old Sena tor has fought for the children, whom he loves beyond anything tn the world. Leaving Washington two years ago, he hurried to his home In South Carolina, and personally drew and took into a court a petition asking that he be given the custody of the grandchildren. "We love them," he wrote in the midst of the formal legal paper. "We love them, and will care for them tenderly." But the young Mrs. Tillman, who was formerly Lucy Dugas, a grand daughter of former Governor Pick ens, stubbornly fought for her babies, denying the old statesman's conten tion that she was not doing well by them. Mother Wins Children. She set up in her answer that her divorced husband was a drunkard; that he could not support tho chil dren, and that they would be better with her than with him or his kin. And, despite Senator Tillman's great influence, the court denied his petition, and permitted his daughter in-law, who had been restored to her malden name of Dugas, to keep her little ones. Then came the paralytic stroke that nearly cost the Senator his life, and from which he was slow to re cover, even sufficiently to resume his duties at Washington. Through the days of his partial convalescence he mourned for the children, repeatedly calling for them when ho was not himself, and bog ging that they be brought to his side when he could receive any visitors at all. He was at a loss to understand at first what had become of them. The babies who had been his joy and pT*lde whom he loved with a fonder ti. .. >tlon. thal ne bestowed oh tew human beings, coil 10 hot co in t> io bini. lt wa., pulling. Why WU: il? ? A'iin further recovery cafmi < Mi* ?allon, .nm noni thal uiow it wat: thought he would not recover. Gradually of late he has been gain ing strength. Deeply humiliated by his son's weakness, he refused to ad mit lt, or to speak of it till lt became necessary, in order that he might have a better claim on the children. Habit Cured, Ho Contends. Xow, with as much strength as will ever bc his, he has brought him self to admit that his son has been a drunkard, but al the same time he contends that the hoy has been cured of his weakness and that once more he ls a fit person to take charge of his own children. The d?terminai ion to take this hu miliating course was brought about by the fact, that Mrs. Dugas contem plates leaving the State. As soon as the Senator heard of this intention he forthwith gathered himself to gether and drew I he new petition, in which, owning that his son has been addicted to drink, he quotes affida vits to the effect that the young man ls once more the master of himself. Chief Justice Gary has set Novem ber 26th tor the bearing. Tho chil dren's father has filed with the court copies of letters sent by him to his former wife, together with her an swers, as transmitted by her attor neys, showing his love for her and the children, his efforts at a recon ciliation, and the manner in which he has been repulsed. BLOCKADED, Every Household in Walhalla Should Know Mow to Desist lt. If your hack aches because the kidneys are blockaded, You should help tho kidneys with their work. Donn's Kidney Pills are especially for weak kidneys. Recommended by thousands home testimony proves their merit. J. N. Rowland, Main street. Wal halla, S. C., says: "My kidneys were disordered, as was shown hy too fre quent passages of the kidney secre tions. I had backaches and pains In my loins and sides, and felt misera ble In every way. Dean's Kidney Pills, which I got at. Dr. Bell's drug store, soon relieved these symptoms of kidney complaint and made me feel better in every way. My advice to every one having trouble from disordered kidneys is to give Dean's Kidney Bills a trial." For snle by all dealers. Brice '.0 cents. Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. Remember the name-Donn's and take no other. adv. -? . .~ lt doesn't lake much to make a fat woman happy. Tell her she ls getting thin. Don't waste cnerg m -spend it in cc j>4 that the silent, Va \ is the Car your co L can afford1-right r I profits with you ? price. j* Every third car a Ford a Ford ..booster." f $535-touring car $6ot town car $800- with ) Detroit. Oet particulai L. O. White 01 WALHALLA HIGH SCHOOL. Honor Holl for thc Second Mouth of Tenn, Kliding November 15. Tenth Grade-Bewley Hunslnger, 95.4. Ninth Grade-Ettie Cobb 9 2.1. Ol ive Hunt 93.6, Idah Pitchford 93.6. Tabitha Stribling 92.8. Eighth Grade-Mary C. Barton 90.8, Grace Beard 97.8, Ethel Davis 93.8, Mason DuPre 91.8, Nina Nor man 96.4, Ansel Umborgor 96.7. Seventh Grade-Myrtle Brown 94.3, Boone Fitzgerald 93, Ruby Gar rett 93.2, Orah Glazener 96, Sallie Hunt 93.7, Julia Kaufmann 95.8, Bertha Klaren 91.7, Sara Moss 93.2, Sue Annie Todd 95.8. Sixth Grade-William Bell 9 7, Ruth Brown 95, Inez Douthit 97, Carrie D. Harrison 92, Mildred Moore 91, Efllo Phillips 92, Robort Rogers 91, John Schroder 93, Lucile White 96. Fifth Grade-Mildred Carter 95, Aip"> ?orbfri 9? T-?ll<> Duncan 91, Hugh Macaulay 96, William Strlb I,.,;-.. Fourth Grude----.'?ohii A ?.?<.! $*0.h, Hu iy Badger 92.6, Winnie Bi\)? I urannon 93.6, C?UIH Boile Burle} Jo, Annie Busch 96, Derrin Douthit 92, Fred Fowler 98, Frank Hunt 90.2, Saliie Moody 91, Effie Sanders 97.2, John Smith 92.S, Inez Todd 94, Eu nice White 96.2, Annie Wilson 96.1. Third Grade-Caroline Ansel 90.5, Kathleen Barton 97, Eunice Beaty 91.5, Edith Carter 96.5, Lois Dil worth 92, Madeline Dihvorth 94, El sie Fretwell 94.5, Frances Kaufmann 96, Kathleen MoCaroy 90.5, Eugenia Moss 92, Carolyn Rogers 91, Ross Um berger 91. Second Grade-Jule Abbott 90, Harold Beaty 9 1. John Moody 92.6, Joseph Norton 92.4, DuPro Poole 93.6, Louis Seaborn 95. First Grade-(?race Drown 94.6, Birdie Lee Davis 91.3, Greta Douthit 93, Glenn Laney 90. Jessie McLees 90.f>, Lillian Pitchford 90. ENLARGING INDUSTRIAL WORK. Southern Railway Athis Three Ofllces to this Department. New The Southern Railway Company on November 1501 enlarged the work of its land and industrial department in tho South by opening three new of fices at Birmingham, Ala., and Knox ville and Chattanooga, Tenn. These new ofllces are established in har mony with tile policy of Hie Southern Railway to cover just as fully as pos sible the development of the agricul tural and manufacturing and oilier interests in its territory. In connec tion witli the opening of these ofllces tho following appointments have been announced by the Land and In dustrial Depart ment : J. W. Paige, now agent at Bristol, Tenn., to he agent at. Chattanooga, Tenn.; It. (J. Hanson. Jr., now trav eling Immigration agent in Hie North, with headquarters at St. Louis, Mo., to he agent, at Bristol, Tenn.; IO. I\ ll. West, agent, Knoxville, Tenn.; J. M. Marsh, agent, Birming ham, Ala.; and W. E. Price, travel ing Immigration agent to succeed R. G. Hanson, Jr. With the opening of these new of fices the land and Industrial depart ment of the Southern Ballway will have offices and agents In the South at Atlanta and Macon, Ga.; Mobile and Birmingham, Ala.; Chattanooga, Knoxville and Bristol, Tenn.; Colum bus, Miss.; Columbia, S. C.; Ashe ville and Breva rd, N. C., and Dan ville, Va. The Presbyterians of Greenville will at once launch a campaign to raise $?10,OOO for a now dorm;tory for Chlcora Colelgc. y counting them evincing yourself na diu m built Ford g ht to have-and cw. We've shared by reducing the j* -and every Ford user ??cw prices- run-about >-delivery car $635 all equipment, f. o. b. rs from R. C. Carter. GOVERNOR JOE HROWN'S COHN. Tested Dynamiting Farm Land With Splendid Result?. (Atlanta Georgian.) Governor Joseph M. Brown, who has been experimenting this year in corn cultivated on dynamited soil, is enthusiastic over the results ob tained. The Governor last spring literally "ble., up" one acre of his Cherokee county farm, and "had it planted in corn. The. parti&itar acre thus pre pared produced tho year before ex actly 26 bushels of corn. This year it brought forth 106 bushels, and of a higher grade. The Governor says there was no material difference tn tho cultivation this year, otherwise than in dynamit ing the soil, and the expense of the two crops was relatively the same "It cost me $12.50 to dy . . the soil of that one acre-and li ? be done on an extensive secte fot much less," said thc Governor, dis cussing the matter, "The expense easily may be reduced lo 110 per acre, and th? dyhfinilting has to be (tone emly once ?vbry liv? y ea i fl That makes the eoBt approximately 12 per annum per acre. Cheap enough, Isn't it? It surely ls, when ono con siders the results obtained. "Next year I shall try out not less than ten acres, for I am satisfied that the idea is a linc one-indeed, lt may in many ways revolutionize the me thods nf cultivation, as applied to many crops in Georgia." Governor Brown says the dynamit ing so loosened up the soil of tho one acre he operated on this year that the mules in plowing it sank to their knees frequently In the finely broken up ground. Tho man who has no enemies should look about bim (o see If ho has any real friends. HOW GIRLS MAY AVOID PERIODIC PAINS The Experience of Two Girl? Here Related For The Benefit of Others. Rochester, N. Y. -"I have a daugh ter 13 years old who has always been very healthy until recently whon sh<3 complained of dizziness and cramps every month, so bad that I would have to keep her home from school and put her to bed to get reliof. "After giving her only two bottles of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable^ Com pound she is now enjoying the best health. I cannot praise your Compound too highly. I want every good moth e to read what your medicine has done L.c my child."-Mrs. RICHAIU) N. DWNIIA::, 311 Exchange St., Rochester, N.Y. Stoutsville, Ohio.-"I suffered from headaches, backache and was very ?rreg - ular. A friend ad vised me to take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound, and before I had taken tho whole of two bottles 1 found relief. I nm only sixteen years old, but I have bet ter health than for two or three years. ? cannot express my thanks for what Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegotnblo Compound hos dono for me. I had taken other medicines but did not find relief."-Miss CORA B. FOSNAUQH, Stoutsvillo, Ohio, R.P.D., No. 1. Hundreds of such letters f rom moth ers expressing their gratitude for whn Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com Kuna has accomplished tors have been received by tho Wffijt Pinkhom MedicinoCornpany,Lynn.Mass.