BLEASE DEFENDS HIS PARDONS.
South Carolina Executive Also Talks
o? A ttl tudo Toward Lyncher?.
Richmond, Va., Doc. 4.-:In tho
name of tho State of South Carolina,
Governor Blease served notice to the
Governors' Conference yesterday af
ternoon that lynchers of negro as
sailants of white women in his State
would go unpunished. Governor
Blease warmly defended his use of
tho pardoning power as well, declar
ing that in twenty-two months ho
had pardoned or paroled approxi
mately 4 00 persons, and that he
hoped the number at tho end of the
second term would be 800.
"I have said all over tho State of
South Carolina, and I say it again,
now," lie declared, "that I will never
order out tho militia to shoot dov n
their neighbors and protect a black
brute who commits tho nameless
crime against a white woman.
"Therefore, in South Carolina let
it be understood that when a negro
assaults a white woman all that is
needed is that, they get tho right
man, and they who got him will nei
ther need nor receive a trial."
Governor Blease Justified the use
he had made of his pardoning power,
he said, by conditions ho had found
in penal Institutions in the State.
"I walked through tho peniten
tiary of South Carolina," ho said,
"and found it a tuberculosis incuba
tor, where poor devils were dying at
their tasks, making money for other
people-poor devils who had no
choice but to stand and work or take
"Just the other day Jim Roberts,
a negro from Charleston, stopped mo
as I was walking through tho peni
tentiary grounds and respectfully
asked permission to speak to me. He
told me that he had been kept in
prisca for twenty-two years for steal
ing a $27 watch.
"I said: 'If you aro telling mo tho
truth you will eat your Christmas
dinner with your folks at home.' Ho
said: 'Governor, I have no folks.'
'Then,' I replied, 'You will oat lt
away from here.' And ho will.
"Another negro had sorved eleven
years and seven months for stealing
"A judge wrote to me that he had
sentenced to death a man when be
did not believe the man had been
convictable beyond a reasonable
"Another wrote me that he sen
tenced to death a man whom he did
not believe should be put to death.
7*e did not bePeve at tho tim \ nor
ho believe it now. These .ire
Justice that I am trying to
ll my power to pardon. I
d of my record."
PEI.. iORA CASES INCREASING.
Government Report Gives Alarming
Spartanhnrg, Dec. (5.- lu the an
nual reports of government officials
that are now being submitted to Con
gress Spartanburg is referred to in
connection with tho recent investi
gations on pellagra made by govern
ment experts. Tho first report in
which Spartanburg is referred to is
that of Franklin M ac Vea gb, secre
tary of tho treasury, who submitted
his report to Congress Wednesday,
which told of the study of pellagra
in this section hy Dr. it. Grimm, of
tho public health and marine hos
pital service, who spent some time
hero studying pellagra.
In reference to the observations
on pellagra in this section Secretary
MacVeagh has the following to say:
"Pellagra has been studied in
Georgia, Kentucky and South Caro
lina, and cases were admitted Into
tho United States marine hospital at
Savannah for the purpose. These stu
dies Included clinical and laboratory
experiments, epidemiolog?a observa
tions and collection of statistics re
garding tho prevalence and geo
graphic distribution of the disease
The results indicate that pellagra is
increasing, a total of 27,700 reports
of cases having been collected for
the five years 1007-1911, the mor
tality, based on exact ligures from
eight States, being :?S.S:? por cent."
The movement that has been
started hy tho Spartanburg .Medical
Society to establish a hospital in
Spartanburg for the care and treat
ment of pellagra patients may result
in a city hospital which may bo sup
ported by th<- government and tho
State, provided the proposed institu
tion is given proper local support.
Eleven Killed In Wreck.
Zanesville, Ohio, Dec. 4.-Eleven
dead and five Injured, one probably
fatally, was the toll of tho rear end
collision last night between two pas
senger trains In which the rear coach
of tho Cleveland, Akron and Colum
bus train was telescoped.
An official statement says the first
train stopped because of a defective
air attachment, and the flagman did
not have time to go far enough to
warn the other train.
WIVES AND GOVERNORS FLEE
When (lovornor Dlcase Regius to
Hichmond, Va., Doc. 5.-Half of
the fifty women In attendance on the
Governors' Conference this afternoon
hurriedly left the hall when Gover
nor Cole L. Dlcasc, of South Caro
lina, for tho second Hine defending
his doctrine of lynching negroes
guilty of criminal assault, without a
trial, shouted his platform, "To liol 1
with the constitution."
Question Angered] Dlea.se.
Tills sentiment was in response to
a question hurled at him by Gover
nor Joseph N. Carey, of Wyoming,
who desired to know if Governor
Iliense had not taken an oath to up
hold the constitution and laws of his
State, and if those laws did not pro
tect colored men as well as white
"1 will answer that question," re
plied the South Carolinian. "And 1
hope tho newspaper men will get it
right, for in my campaign in South
Carolina tiley found that I am a
fighter-and a cold-blooded lighter,"
he added, grinding the words be
tween his teeth. "When the consti
tution steps between me and tho de
fense of th? virtue of the white wo
men of my State, 1 will resign my
commission and tear it up and throw
lt to the breeze. 1 have heretofore
said, 'To hell with the constitution.' "
When Women Fled Blouse Subsided,
At this point fully twenty-five wo
men, som? of thom wives and daugh
ters of Governors, left the hall. See
ing this, Governor Bleaso subsided.
Governor Albert W. Gilchrist, of
Florida, instantly uttered a stinging
rebuke. "The first thing," he said,
"that indicates a manly man or a
womanly woman ls thoughtful con
sideration for other people." He was
The greatest applause of the ses
sion had previously greeted Gover
nor Carey's question.
Hater Governor John F. Shafortb,
of Colorado, referred to the lynch
"Ono mob can do moro injury to
society," he said "than twenty mur
derers, because a lynching permeates
tho entire community and produces
anarchy. The Influence of mob rule
ls most reprehensible. When laws
are made it should be the duty of a
Governor to enforce them, whether
he approves of them or not. When
the law prescribes hanging for an
offense, and a man ls found guilty,
ho should he hung, whether white or
black, and there is no excuse for
mob laws. 1 conceive it to be our
duty as Governors to declare for law
Blouse Brings l p Race Problem.
Papers read by Governor Tasker
L. Oddie, of Nevada, and James H. !
Hawley, of Idaho, on uniformity ill
laws governing divorce were under
consideration when Governor Blease
spoke. Ile defended thc position of
South Carolina, where no divorce ls j
permitted in any cause. He pro
ceeded to discuss the race problem, j
and said that when an inferior race j
gets in the way of a superior race
thc former is swept from the face of !
Hie earth. He reverted again to his ?
pardon record, boasting that he had
pardoned and paroled moro negroes
than all tho other Governors of his
Stat? combined since . S7l>.
Announcing that there lias not
been a lynching in North Carolina
In six years, Governor W. W. Kitchin
said the sentiment for standing by
th? laws daily gains strength. Ho
believed there should be convictions
in nearly every case where there ls
Governor Mann, of Virginia, added
that he would call out every soldier
in Hie State if necessary to protect a
man under arrest and give him a
Reproved by the Governors.
Richmond, Dec. G.-A sweeping
resolution repudiating the remarks
of Governor Blease, of South Caro
lina, in support of lynch law was
adopted at the Governors' Confer
ence Friday by a vote of l I to 4.
Blease, in defending himself, snap
ped Iiis fingers In tho faces of tho
other Governors and declared that
ho cared not what, the conference did
or left undone.
"Four limes this morning has my
lifo been threatened for the utter
ances," said 131 ease. "I was quoted
yesterday as saying 'to hell with the
constitution.' 1 say now to tho Gov
ernors of all States, to all tho peo
ple of the United States, what I said
The conference was thrown into
nil uproar. The Governor of Ala
bama and others denounced Blease.
Onlv 02 Years to Serve.
Yonkers, N*. Y., Dec. fi.-Peter
Pravata. who escaped from a Hous
ton. Texas, prison last December, af
ter serving seven years of a ninety
nine year sentence for murder, is
locked hp In police headquarters
hero to-night awaiting extradition.
Never falls. liuy it DOW. It may nave life.
THE BAPTIST.; i:.\5> SESSION.
Next Year's Con rout lou Will Be Held
Abbeville, Dee. ?.- -At Bennetts
ville, on Tuesday after the first Sun
day in December, 1913, the 93d an
nual sermon of tho Baptist State
Convention will be preached by Dr.
S. C. Mitchell, president of South
Tho 1912 session, which came toa
close to-night, will long be remem
bered by thoso participating, not
only ns one of the most pleasant and
harmonious ever held, but ns ono in
which wonderful progress was noted
in all the lines of Christian work in
which tho denomination ls engaged
for the evangelization of the world,
as well as ono In which foundations
wero laid for a broader and more
sympathetic and more effective en
deavor to help the world to better
Great stress bas been laid at this
convention upon the need of Chris
tian education and tho responsibility
entailed upon the Baptists, by rea
son of their numerical strength, to
meet this need. That the denomi
nation is wonderfully performing Its
part in this work was attested by
the splendid showing made by the
various denominational institutions.
Two important matters decided at
this convention were the establish
ment of a sanitarium and tho remo
val of the State headquarters from
Greenville, which were both decided
affirmatively by tho convention after
long and free discussions.
At the morning session Dr. Z. T.
Cody presented the report of the ed
ucation commission, endorsing the
proposition of Anderson College and
Greenville Female College to make a
canvass for tho funds.
Rev. T. H. Posey addressed the
convention on behalf of tho estab
lishment of an academy at Selvern.
in Aiken county, where a tract of
2 00 acres had been offered for a
Rev. Geo. E. Davis, of Orai.geburg,
spoke in opposition to tho Selvern
proposition, urging the concentra
tion of the denomination in South
Carolina upon Orangeburg College,
which was rapidly coming to the
Rev. A. J. Hall, president of Co
ker College, addressed the conven
tion in behalf of that institution.
Rev. J. A. Brown submitted the
report of the c ' ".
ville Female C
retire the debt
Tlie convent! .._ _ .
lotion ottered by Rev. J. L. Ouzts
calling for a Christmas contribution
of $1 each from ten thousand Bap
tists for an aged ministers' relief
The report of the committee on
temperance was submitted by Dr. F.
P. Covington. The report set forth
the claim that fifteen times more
whiskey was consumed in "wet" than
in "dry" territory. Conditions in
Charleston were touched upon in the
report, a high crime record there be
ing attributed to the lax enforcement
of tlie liquor laws.
J, W. Quattlebaum urged thc
sending of a contribution to defray
the expenses of a committee to urge
upon Congress tho passage of the bill
to prohibit the shipment of lhiuoi
into "dry" territory.
Rev. C. C. Brown, D. D., submit
ted the report from the board on
Baptist ministers' mutual benefit
showing a membership of 107, pay
ing an assessment of $1 each upon
the death of a member. Twenty-one
new names were enrolled in this or
Hon. Chas. A. Smith submitted
Ibo report of Furman University
showing a splendid condition of tin
university, which had an enrollment
including the Fitting School, of 43*;
Rev. Louis Bristow submitted tin
report of Anderson College, showinj
a total property valuo of practical!;
$100,000, which tiio trustees hope<
to soon be abie to tum over to th'
Rev. David Ramsey, I). D., presl
dent of Greenville Female College
submitted tho report of that inst i
tutlon, recommending the continu
ance of the canvass to raise $100,
000, and that two more buildings b
erected as early as possible.
Dr. V. P. Covington submitted th
report of tho committee on age
ministers' relief, recommending th
raising of $10,000 for this purpos<
and tendering tho thanks of the COI
ventlon to Mr. Shlvar, of Shlvfi
Springs, who had offered to the coi
ventlon a tract of land upon wilie
to establish a home for aged mlnll
On motion of Rev. C. E. Burts, I
I)., tho board of aged ministers' r<
lief was given power to accept tl
bequest of Mr. Shlvar should tin
seo (lt to do so.
Flvo men were killed In an exph
sion of a holler at a saw mill net
Wllsendale, W. Va., last Thursdi
TWO MEET DEATH IN AUTO.
Three Others Hurt in Accident Just
Out of Columbia.
Columbia, Dec. B. - Hugh T.
Meighan, cashier of the Carolina
National Bank, and W. S. Stewart, j
hardware merchant, were instantly j
killed; Theodore A. Dell, seriously I
injured; W. C. Swafleld and Wil
liam Watson, Injured, when tho au
tomobile in which they were return
ing from tho Ridgewood Club skid
ded and wont over Into a ditch just
after tho car had crossed Smith's
branch, tho car turning completely
over, pinioning the occupants under
When assistance arrived and tho
men wore pulled from beneath tho
automobile, the first two were dead,
and the other three injured. The
Injured men were rushed to tho city
and given medical attention and the
bodies of tho other two removed to
a local undertaking establishment.
Tlie accident, one of the most de
plorable In the history of the city,
happened to-night just about eight
o'clock. The five men had been out
to the Country Club, Ridgewood,
and were returning to the city In an
automobile, Mr. Meighan driving,
when the car skidded. At tho point
where tho accident occurred the
Seaboard Air Line trestle crosses the
road and the ditches on both sides
aro very deep. When the car skid
ded the reverse lever was applied
and suddenly the car toppled over
Into tho ditch.
Hugh T. Meighan, who was killed
Instantly, was about 4 5 years of age.
He was born In Columbia, being a
son of Major Meighan, and was prac
tically reared in the Columbia Na
tional Bank, in which he attained
the position of cashier. Ono year
ago last Juno ho married Miss Grace
Klnard, who survives him. Two sis
ters also survive. Mr. Meighan was
one of the most popular young men
in the city.
W. S. Stewart, tho other victim,
was about 50 years old. Ho came
to Columbia a few years ago from
Orangeburg. Ho opened a hardware
store here, and by bis devotion to
duty prospered. He waa a most es
timable man and well thought of by
tho wholo community. Ho was un
married and leaves no relatives here.
All of tho men who composed the
fatal automobile party were among
the most prominent people of Co
i DURHAM AGAIN CAUGHT.
Moonshiner Wast in Leather
Business Under Assumed Name.
Spartanburg, Dec. 5.-William
Durham, better known as Babe Dur
ham, who for many years bas been
a familiar character around Spartan
burg and Greenville, was arrested in
Knoxville several days ago, where
be had established himself in the
leather business under the name of
Janies C. I lom phill. He was carried
to Atlanta to serve four years in the
Federal prison for distilling liquor
in the Dark Corner of Greenville
The prisoner, it will be recalled,
escaped from a Southern passenger
train near Aiken some time ago
while being escorted to Atlanta to
serve his term after having been sen
tenced by Judge Smith in Charles
The following item from tho Char
leston Post with reference to the
arrest of Durham will be of interest:
United States Marshal J. Duncan
Adams returned to Charleston this
morning from Atlanta after having
safely landed Bill Durham, alias Fay
Durham, alias James C. Hemphill, In
the government prison. Durham is
?i notorious moonshiner of Green
ville and rather than serve his sen
tence of four years imposed by Judge
Smith, he jumped from a train at
Aiken recently en route to Atlanta
and made his escape. He was re
captured in Knoxville and Marshal
Adams went on himself to take Dur
ham to prison.
Marshal Adams said that be safely
saw Durham placed behind Hie bars.
Ho invited him to attempt another
escape to show just bow be did the
trick, with tho train going at the
rate of ."0 miles an hour, but Dur
ham did not make it. Before starl
ing from Knoxville, Durham asked
leave to gel his mail and then Mar
shal Adams ascertained that the
moonshiner had been living at. Knox
ville under tho name of Hemphill.
Ho had a rubber stamp with which
ho stamped his correspondence, read
ing, '.lames C. Hemphill, Leather
May Break l p Happiness.
New York, Dec. C.- Although Au
gust Belmont, Sr., will not make any
statement, it is reported that he bas
offered financial inducements to
Kthol Loraine Belmont, the bride of
his son Raymond, to leave tho young
man and agree never to mako:an ef
fort to sec him again. Th| stun
mentioned Is $50,000.
ONE-WAY and RO
at lowest prevailing r
Will ?ead free illustrated litt
promptly upon request. It co
W. W. NE A Ii, Trnvcling PnssV Ag
J. O. EATON, Traveling Iutmig. A
HACINO INTERESTS ARE HOLD.
Will Openly Violate Law, Then En
deavor to Post pono ita Operations.
Columbia, Dec. 6.-From Charles
ton comos the news that tbo racing
interests which last year put on a
meet at Palmetto Park, near Char
leston, and who plan a meet for
this year, boglnning January 25 and
continuing for 61 days, will make
an effort to have tho time limit fixed
by the anti-race track gambling in
terests extended to May, 1913. The
time limit was fixed by tho law at
the last session of the General As
sembly as July 1, 1912.
Wont Racing Commission.
It Is said that the racing Interests
plan to make an effort to securo the
enactment of a now law similar to
that In effect in Kentucky, which
will provide for the creation of a
racing commission. It ls stated'that
the law as lt now stands on the stat
ute books will have to be changed in
any event, since a clerical error
caused the law to bo entered on the
books wit bout any of the amend
ments which were incorporated in It
by the L?gislature, so that, accord
ing to this contention, the law as it
now stands on the books is not the
law that was really passed.
Kneing in Charleston.
As stated, tho Charleston Fair and
Racing Association plans to hold a
race meeting at Palmetto Park, near
Charleston. A big consignment of
horses has already hoon sent to Char
leston for the meet and a string of
thoroughbreds will ho shipped from
Kentucky within a few days. The
headquarters of tho racing associa
tion have been opened In Charles
ton and many horsemen are expected
to arrive in that city soon. Great
preparations are being made.
' Tho Legal Status.
For some mouths past it has been
confidently reported by sportsmen
that a racing meet would be held In
this State this winter In spite of tho
fact that those who actively opposed
tho races succeeded in their efforts
to have a law against race track
gambling passed by tho Legislature
at its last session. Tho situation as
it now exists ls an interesting one.
Race track gambling has been de
clared Illegal, but a race meeting is
to be held. Under the law, as it is
generally understood, lt will bo Im
possible for the race meeting to be
conducted-that ls to say, bookmak
ers operating in connection with the
association, and with betting on the
races as an important part of Hie
Tetter, Salt Rheum and Eczema
Arc cured by Chamberlain's Salve. One nnplica*
tion relieves thc itching nnd burning .Sensation.
Makes a great diflerenco in most womci
they suffer from hnokncho, hcndnolic, sic
twitching, hot flashes, dizzy spells, or mn
Tho local disorder mid inflammation sha
Tablets and thc irregularity ?nd weaku
strengthened with Dr. Pierce's Pnvoritc 1
woman or thc woman of middle agc-upon
may be too great for lier strength. This
nnd strength-giving nervine and regulator
for woman's peculiar weaknesses mid distr
in composition nnd
its makers in prin
wrapper. Thc one
alcohol nor injurioi
of similar ones nnd
"In tho winter of
writes MUD. HENRY SC
Slowly hut surely (crow
lorn for help. Tho doc t
cition. I wan In l>e<t clo
would hnvo to hnvo nn i
hand purchased two IHV
1 Ktnrtcd to toko thin r
I had taken throo bott
doctor nnd took Dr. Tl
1 would hnvo boen deai
MRS. SCOTT. now th/in in twenty yoe
ort h west
ates. Travel on the
ing lines, to
Oregon, or to the
;rature and full Information
its you nothing. <>t %* J*
ont, IO No. Pryor St., Atlanta, Ca.
gt., 40 E. 4th St., Cincinnati, ?.
GIRL WAS DYING AM) MAN DEAD
And Man's Wifo in Room Know
Notliing ol Tragedy.
Catlettsburg, Ky., Dec. 5.-When
a door to a room in a local hotel was
battered down to-day tho body of a
young woman who had boon dead
probably forty-eight hours, was
found lying on a bed. Nearby a man
lay dying, while tho third occupant
of the room-a woman who had reg
istered as tho man's wife-seemed
unable In any way to account for the
Tho trio reached the hotel Mon
day night. The girl who waa found
dead to-day registered as "Miss Min
The man gave his name as James
York, of Huntington, W. Va., and
tho Becond woman registered as Mrs.
They did not appear abor1 tr.?"!
hotel in tho two days after
arrival, and the hotel propri?t?
tormined to break down the dom
Mrs. York seemed not to know
that tho Turner girl was dead, while
York was so weak he could make no
Coroner Swope began an investi
gation. Ho said he believed the
Turner girl's death was caused by
poison, and he ordered the York wo
The name of Hie woman who was
registered as Mrs. York is said to be
Mrs. Edward Gullet, of Huntington,
W. Va. She was recently divorced
from her husband. She lias been
taken into custody to await further
investigation by tho coroner.
One theory of the tragedy is that
it was a triangular suicido pact,
while another is that jealousy was
at the bottom of tho affair.
Ladies who experience a feeling of
nervousness, exhaustion and painful
internal symptoms need thc fine re
storative effect of Dr. Simmons'
Squaw Vine Wine, lt is a woman's
medicine. It ls especially prepared
to overcome the evil effect of Irregu
larities, heart palpitations and weak
ness due to tho ailments to which
the female body is subject. Price $1
per bottle. Sold at Hell's drug store,
Walhalla, S. C. adv.
Paces Death With a Song.
Macon, Ga., Deo. fi.-After walk
ing to thc gallows singing, "I don't
know whore I'm going, but I'm on
my way," Oscar Clyde, a negro, was
hanged here to-day for tho murder
of his wifo.and brother-in-law. Pre
vious to the springing of tho trap the
negro asked and received permission
to tako off his shoes, tho condemned
man saying, "I don't want to die
with my boots on."
. . . -"- V.ISSS.'L- .?'.'.a
n. They aro troubled with "nerves"
?cplcssncss, a sensation ol irritability or
ny other symptoms of fomnlo weakness,
nhl bc treated witli Dr. Pierce's Lotion
tess of thc female system corrected and
i'resoription. Tho strain upon the young
i thc nerve and blood forming structures
is thc t!m6 to take this restorative tonio
, For over forty years sold by druggists
cssing ailments. The one remedy so perfect
so good in curative effects ns to warrant
ting its every ingredient on its outside
remedy willoh absolutely contains neither
is or habit-forming drugs,
r selected nt random from n large number
cited merely to illustrate these remarks :
ll*W, I l?cumo Rrrontly run down nnd Irregular,"
arr, of tiwan Creek, Mich., Rou to J. Pox 49. ' I
wonio, und, nt Inst, resolved to nppfy to tho doc
or cult) I Imd Inflammation, onlaHjomont and lacer*
von wooka und not no liettor. Tho doctor Bald I
operation, hut to that I would not linton. My hus
ttlosof Hr. iMerco'B Favorite Proscription. When
onicdv 1 could not 'vnlk norn??, Hin (lr*>r, hut nitor
lon I could fool inj/nclf gol ni n fr, m> I dropped tho
oren's Knvorlto Proscription. Only for lt I think
l-t roully bollovo lt eavod my Ufo. 1 fool butte*
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