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_"TO THINE OWN 8?LF BE TRUE, A Xl) IT MUST FOLLOW AS THE NIGHT THE DAY: THOU CANST NOT THEN BE FALSE TO ANY MAN."
By STECK, SHELOR & SCHRODER._WALHALLA, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, SE1?T. 10, 1014. New Serie? No. 8?0.-Volume LXV.-No. :?7. DES5E1 PE, We have ? dozen cans of f sert Peaches, offering at 10c. C. W. & J. E. WALHA! "IT PAYS TO B Every-Nott Wo remind you that thc time to j?><; up lix1 frail memory things! You said sonic linn your account here. You put i thc same resolution. You p complish what you <lo not l>o<> Del nv luis wrecked more human misery i world luis over known WESTMINS' WESTMJNS HOD KS: s A. GERMANY MAKES ll EU REPLY. Play for Time Apparent from Eva sive References Made. Berlin, May 30.-Germany with holds its final d?cision on the de mands advanced by the United Slates governme ' in connection with tho sinking ol' the Lusitania until tho re ceipt of an answer from the United States to the note which Herr Von JagOw, the foreign minister, bas de livered to Ambassador ?Gerard, in re illy to the American note received by the German government on .May 16th. In its reilly the German govern ment declares that it is not its in tention to submit neutral ships in the war zone, which are guilty ol' no hostile acts, to attack by submarines or aeroplanes; that it is investigat ing the circumstances in connection with the attack on the American steamers dishing and Gulflight, and that in all eases where neutral ves sels, through no fault of meir own have been damaged, Germany will pay indemnlfh at ion. The reilly urges that In the ease of the Lusitania, which Germany al leges, was armed and carried large stores of war munitions, "it was act ing in .instilled self-defense- in seek ing with all the means of warfare at Its disposition to protect the lives of the soldiers by destroying a ni mu nition intended for tho enemy." Tile German government recalls the proposals submitted by the Uni ted Stales government to Berlin and London, designed to end the subma rine warfare and tho shutting out of food supplies from Germany, which, it declares, failed of their purpose because Of the refus, i of the British government to agree to them. just bought 50 ine Elberta des which we are per can. BAUKNIGHT, JLA, S. C. ;UY FOR CASH." r-and-Then to do it is NOW! We want that, remembers but present i * ago .yon were going to start t off. Several times you made ut it off. You can never ne in. Do it NOW ! more lives and caused than all the Wars thc TER BANK, 'NOR, S. O. M. TO 4 P. M. Tho text of the German note was made public to-day. Text of German Note. Berlin, May 31.-The following is the text of the German note: "Tlie undersigned has the honor to .submit to ambassador Gerard the following answer to the communica tion of May ir> regarding the injury to American interests through Ger man submarine warfare: "The imperial government has subjected the communication of the American government to a thorough investigation. lt enters also a keen wish to co-operate in a frank and friendly way in clearing up a possi ble misunderstanding which may have arisen in the relations between the two governments through the events mentioned by the American government. "Regarding, firstly, the cases of the American steamers dishing and Gulflight: The American embassy has already been informed that the German government has no inten tion of submitting neutral ships in the war zone, which are guilty of no hostile acts, lo attacks by a subma rine or submarines, or aviators. On tho contrary, the German forces have repeatedly been instructed most spe citlcally to avoid attacks on such shijis. ^f neutral ships In recent months have suffered through tho German submarine warfare, owing to mis takes in identification, lt is a ques tion only of quite isolated and ex ceptional cases, which can be at tributed to the British government's abuse of flags, together with the sus picious or culpable behavior of the masters of the ships. Offend R?paration. "The German government, in all cases in which it has been shown by its investigations that a neutral ship, not itself at fault, was damaged by German submarines or aviators, has expressed regret over tile unfortu nate accident, and if justified by con ditions, lias offered Indemnification. "The cases of the Gushing and the Gulflight will be treated on the same principles. An investigation of both cases is in progress, the result of which will presently be communicat ed to the embassy. The investiga tion can. if necessary, be supplement ed by an international call on th? in ternational commission of Inquiry as provided by Article 111 of The Hague agreement of October 18, 1!>07. "When sinking the British steam er Palaba the commander of the Ger man submarine had the intention of allowing the passengers and crew a I full opportunity for a safe escape, j Only when the master did not obey I the order to heave to. but lied and .summoned Belp by rocket signals, did the German commander order the crew and passengers by signals and megaphone to leave the ship within 10 minutes. He actually al lowed them 23 minutes* time and fired the torpedo only when suspi cious craft were hastening to the as sistance of the Palaba. Concerning Lusitania. "Regarding the loss of life by the sinking of the British passenger steamer Lusitania, the German gov ernment has already expressed to the neutral governments concerned its keen regret that citizens o? their States lost their lives. "On this occasion tho imperial government, however, cannot escape the Impression that certain import ant facts having a direct bearing on tile sinking of the Lusitania may have escaped the attention of the American government. "In the interest of a (lear and complete understanding, which is the aim of both governments, the impe rial government considers it first necessary to convince itself that Hie information accessible to both gov ernments about the facts of the case is complete and in accord. The gov ernment ol' the United States pro ceeds on the assumption that Hie Lu sitania could be regarded as an or dinary una med merchantmen. The imperial government allows itself in this connection to point out that thc Lusitania was one of the largest and fastest British merchant ships, built with government funds as an auxil iary cruiser and carried expressly as such in the 'navy list' issued by thc British admiralty. "lt ls further known to the inipe rial government, from trustworthy reports from its agents and neutra passengers, that for a considerabb time practically all the more valua hie H ri tish merchant nient have beei equipped with cannon and ammunl Hon and other weapons and mannet with persons who have been espc dally trained in serving guns. Th Lusitania, too. according to informa Hon received here, had cannot aboard, which were mounted am concealed below decks. Ordo s .? Merchant men. "The imperial government furthe has Hie honor to direct the particn lar attention of Hie American gov ernment to the fact that the Britts admiralty, in confidential instru? tiona issued in February, 11)15, re( ommended its mercantile shippin not only to seek protection nude neutral flags, and dlstinguishin marks, bul also, while thus disguh ed, to attack German submarines b ramming. As a special incitation t merchantmen to destroy Bubmarint the British government also ?ftere high prizes and lias already paid sue rewa rds. "Tho imperial government. i view ir these facts, Indubitabl known to it, is unable to rogar Britisli merchantmen In the zone < naval operations specified by the a( mirait y staff of the Ger'ian navy ? 'undefended.' German commande! consequently are no longer able I observe the customary regulations ( the prize law, which they before a ways followed. "Finally, the imperial govern mei must point out particularly that tl Lusitania on its last trip, as on ea lier occasions, carried CanadiS troops and war material, Includlr no less than r>,400 cases of ammun Hon Intended for the destruction ' the brave German soldiers who a ' fulfilling i heir duly with seif-saci WORST FLOOD IN MANY YEARS. Kain IH Accompanied by Severe Wind and Electrical Disturbances. Little Rock, Ark., May 28.-The worst Hood in years is sweeping Ar- s kansas Valley. Lowland farms are inundated, crops and farm buildings bave been damaged, railway service interrupted and lives of many lesi dents of the lowlands imperiled. The crest is not yet in sight. Rain, which has been falling over the entire State and throughout the Arkansas Valley watershed, has been accompanied by severe* wind and elec trical disturbances. Threatening in Iowa. Des Moines, Iowa, May L'S. Seri ous (iood conditions along the Des Moines river are threatened to-day as a recuit of unusually heavy rains. In the lower sections of Des Moines the flood stage has been passed and resi dents are leaving the homes. Dis patches from Fort Dodge say the river is overflowing its hanks there. Missouri Rivers Out. Kansas City, Mo.. May 28.-With rains continuing in Kansas, Oklaho ma and Western Missouri danger of serious Hoods is becoming imminent. All trains from the West are late Many rivers are out of their hanks. In some places the Inhabitants have left their homes. Our New Destroyer Launched. Philadelphia, May 2?).-The Amer ican destroyer Jacob Jones was launched to-day at the yard of the New York Ship Building Company, at Camden. Mrs. Jerome Critten den, of Nev York, was sponsor. She is a great-granddaughter of Capt. Jacob Jones who distinguished him self In the .var of 1 S 1 2. The destroyer is :'?ir> feet long. Her armament will consist of four 4 inch guns and four twin torpedo tube.-. She must make 2!?M? knots an ho ir. flee and devotion in the -.athel land's service. "The Cern?an government believes it was acting in justitiell self-defense in seeking with all the means of warfare* at its disposition to protect Hie lives of its soldiers by destroy ing ammunition intended for the en emy. "The British shipping company have been aware of the danger of which the passengers aboard the Lu sitania were exposed under these conditions. The company in em barking them, notwithstanding this, attempted deliberately to use. the lives of American citizens as protec tion for the ammunition aboard, and acted against the clear provisions of Die American law, which expressly prohibits the forwarding of passen gers on ships carrying ammunition and provides a penalty therefor. The company, therefore, is wantonly guilty of the death of so many pas sengers. According to Reimi-t. "There can he no doubt, according I to the definite report of the SUbma I rine's commander, which is further confirmed by all other information, that the quick sinking of the Lusita nia is primarily attributable to the explosion of the ammunition ship ment caused hy a torpedo. The Lu sitania passengers would, otherwise, in all human probability, have been sa ved. "The imperial government consid ers the above mentioned facts ? portant enough to recommend them to tho attentive examination of the American government. "The Imperial government, while withholding its nnaf decision on the demands advanced in connection with the sinking of the Lusitania un til receipt of an answer from the American government, feels impelled in conclusion, to recall here and now, that it took cognizance with satisfac tion of tho mediatory proposals sub mitted hy tho United States govern ment to Berlin and London as a ba sis for a modus vivendi for conduct ing the maritime warfare between Germany and Croat Britain. The Im perial government, hy its readiness to enter upon a discussion of these proposals, then demonstrated its good intentions In ample fashion. The realization of those proposals was defeated, as is well known, hy the declinatory attitude of the Brit ish government. "(Signed): Jagow." lOTTON ( HOI? PROMISES WELL. Condition May li?t is Shown to Bo 80.1 Per Cent. New York, .May 29.-According to | pedal reports to the Journal of ?ommerce, the percentage condition f cotton on an average dato of May :< was so. I per cent, as compared pitta 7 8.2 per cent a year ago at this iine; 80.T> per cent in 191:1; 7 0 per eilt in 19 12, and 8.'5.S per cent in 911. This compares with a ten ear average of 79.2 per cent. Concerning acreage there is still a ery wide range of opinion, the most (diable estimates ranging from 10 to 3 per cent reduction, with many of he best judges inclining to the lower gore. Louisiana and Texas, on account of xcessive rains, show tho lowest coti llion, both running about 77 per eut. Nearly all oilier States show higher average than usual. While the season averages twelve lays late, most States have made ? airly normal start, with the excop ion of Texas, Loulsina and Alabama, vhirh are 18, 10 and 13 days late, espectively. Tho crop is very free rom insects, with the exception of he appearance of the boll weevil in onie States. Grass has become roublosome in some sections, but (ands are generally good, and there s an excellent season in the ground. Jonie replanting has been necessary, ?ut correspondents say that no grain ands have been turned into cotton, 'hopping out is nearly completed, nd the crop as a whole starts oui ./Ith fair prospects. Condition by States, as compiled rom over 2,100 replies of our spe ial correspondents, hearing an aver ge date of May 2:5, follows: North Carolina.Sfi.2 South Carolina .81.0 Georgia.8 2.0 Florida.S 0.0 Alabama.7 9.1 Mississippi.82.0 Louisiana.77.-1 Texas. 7 7..*. Arkansas.S Lt Tennessee .8G.0 Missouri.SS.o Oklahoma.81.2 Average .80.1 PACING TWO Ititi PROBLEMS. ?resident Will Semi Early and Pinn Note to Germany. Washington, May 1.-President Vilsen intends to shape the course if the United States in the interna ional crisis which has arisen so as 0 leave no doubt abroad of the omit ry's purpose not only to speak, ?ut if necessary to act, for the cause if humanity. Two things were virtually deter nined on by the President to-day: First, that Germany's avoidance of he larger questions of humanity and he spirit of international law hy a echnical argument on a hitherto un 1 is pu ted point in the statutes of un ions- Hie exercise of the right of ,'isit and search hy war craft whep mcountering merchant men. wh dher .arrying contraband or not-mi A be net promptly with a note again set ing forth briefly the facts as found i.v Investigation of officials here as to he cargo and peaceful equipment of he Lusitania and reiterating the ?arnest intention of the United ??taies to hold the German govern ment to a "strict accountability" for ill violations of American rights on he h:gh seas. Not?' lo Mexico To-day. Second, that, liol withstanding the .ritual situation with Germany, nero shall be Issued to-morrow the itatement which has been in prepa 'atlon for several days to be commit llcated to the leaders of all factions n Mexico, serving notice that unless hey themselves hung to an early end he deplorable conditions which their va rf a re has wrought, some other nouns will be found by the United >tntes, in the interest of humanity, to ;ave the millions of nor-comhatant Mexicans from tho throes of stnrva lon and further devastation of prop erty. Count von Pernstorff, the German imbassador, has been granted an i ti - ervh w with tho President for Wed . ?esday noon, but unless ho brings ?orne proposal from his government inswerlng the demands of the United COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES. Two Prominent Edncational institu tions-donison ??nd Blackstone. Two handsome college commence ment invitations have been received si nco last Wednesday by Tho Cou rier, appreciation ot which is ac knowledged. Tho commencement exercises of Clemson Agricultural College will take place next week, beginning with the baccalaureate sermon Sunday, dune 6, hy Rev. Jas. J. Vaneo. Other exercises will oc cupy Monday and Tuesday, the sen eral exercises being preceded by the Olee Chili's entertainment Saturday, .lune 5th. The graduating class this year numbers 10<>, those being divided among the different depart ments as follows: Agriculture, G2; Mechanical and Flee tr leal Engineer ing, 25; Civil Engnecring, 8; Tex tile Industry, I t ; Chemistry. 1 ; Ar chitectural Engineering, 2. Among the graduates we note two Coonee young men Henry D. Bnrker and lOdgar Oliver McMahan. The commencement program is as follows: Sunday, June G 11.30 a. tn., bac calaureate sermon by Rev. James J. Vance; 5 p. m., laying of corner stone of new Y. M. C. A. building; G.?10 p. m., band concert and open air reception to visitors and stu dents; 8.HO p. m., closing exercises, Y. M. C. A. Monday, June 7 -11.30 a. m., lit erary society exercises; 2 to 5 p. m., exhibition of shops and laboratories; f> p. m., military exercises (drill, sham battle and dress parade); 8.30 p. m.. Alumni address by L. E. Boykin COB). Tuesday. June 8-10.30 a. m., (Commencement Hay Exercises) - Senior Class speakers, J. R. Clark and R. P. Thornton; address to graduating class hy Senator E. D. Smith; delivery of diplomas; award ing ol' trustees' medal. Blackstone Female institute (Blackstone, Va.) bas favored us with tin invitation to t'<e (dosing ex ercises of this splendid Institution, the exercises to take place June 4th to Gili. The list ol' graduates con tains the names of 71 yoong ladies. The annual address to t he graduating (dass will bo delivered by Or. Rich ard Winkin8on, of Petersburg, Va.; the annual sermon will bo delivered by Dr. Graham ll. Lambeth, of Farm ville, Va. The principal of the in stitute, Rev. James Cannon, will de liver the farewell address to the graduates. Blackstone Female In stitute is an institution that bas gained great prominence among the educational institutions of this coun try. New President of Portugal, Lisbon, May 20. Th?ophile Bra ga, who was Provisional President of Portugal following the revolution which resulted in the abdication of King Emmanuel, was to-day elected President of the Republic by the Na tional Assembly to succeed Manuel de Arriaga, who resigned. Braga was elected by a vote of 08 to 1. Slates differently from the note just received' from Dr. Von Jagow, the Herman foreign minister- -a circum stance which is doubted In well in formed quarters the President's course, as framed by him, in consul tation with his cabined to-morrow will not be materially affected. Mope, for Mexico. To-morrow the President will lay before the cabinet both the German and the Mexican questions. The ef fect of the warning to Mexico, the President hopes, will be the coali tion within Hie next few weeks of the best elements In Hie Southern Repub lic to form a provisional government to which the United States and other countries can accord early recogni tion. The tense situation produced by the receipt of an unyielding reply from Germany to the request of the United States for reparation for the 100 American lives lost in the sink ing of the Lusitania and guarantees against the destruction of American lives or property in the future, over shadowed the Mexican problem as ?well as all other governmental activ ities to-day. A beautiful theory is upset by the fact that some men are much worse than others.