Newspaper Page Text
Some Early History of
Old Pendleton. AK ?RAPIIlCAJiLY TOIiD BY MUS. LOUISE VA NM VER. Eight Hundred ami Elghty-l'lvo Act-?? of IJ?UUI Sold for 25 jPoiUMlfl Stirling. The following history of early Pendleton waa written 'hy Mrs. Lou ise Ayer Vandlvor for the Columbia State: Among ibo "cow punchers," farm ers and luborers who'were our pion eer settlers, the typo which has opened always the wostward path, was one Isaac Lynch, a carpenter, who rook up land in tho former Cherokeo counitry In tho 18th cen tury. The enterprising carpenter must have Improved his property, though he could not write his name, for in 1700 he sold to commission ers, or Justices of the peace, Andrew Pickens. '.lohn Miller, .lohn Wilson. Uonjumlne Cleveland. William Hol hert, Henry Clark, John Moffatt and Roberit Anderson, or tholr succes sors in ofllce. in drusi for tho county of'Pendleton, ss.", acres of land "sit uated ir the District of Ninety-Six and county aforesaid," the boundar ies and location being definitely giv en in approved redundant legal phrases, for tho sum of live shillings current money. ' "To him in hand well and truly paid by the said," eic. The live shillings seems to have been given as a 'guarantee for the futuro payment of 25 pounds. The deed further reads, "Yielding and paying therefor un'to the said Isaac Lynch or his executors or adminis trators tho rent of one barleycorn on the last, day of the said term, if the same shall be lawfully demanded." In enumerating whnt went with the land are mentioned "gardens, orchards, (fences, ways, wells, water courses, casements, profits, commod ities, advantages, emoluments, here ditaments and appurtenances what soever to the said plantation or traot of lund," all of that Imposing array sold for the site of tho village of Pendleton, named In honor of one of tho most -distinguished men of the State In Ivis day-Judge Henry Pen dleton. UlliK of l4)<ru, ih' ti rs ?tof ?. vi ii?1* laying oft lind t?u??Hvfring ot and streets, phd i Ul lng of i g court house branch. Tho rude 'temple of Justice stood Just where theiMlue Ridge rail road now has a culvert, at the inter section of the railway with the old Stage road from Pendleton from Picketts. ?Among the earlier residents of tho mill town 'was a notable group of Revolutionary soldiers. Among them were (?en. Andrew Picketts, Col. Robert. Anderson, Col. Benjamine ('loveland. Samuel Karie, Samuel Warren and "Horse Shoe Robinson." Theso wore only a few of the best known. There were a number of others. Most of these immigrants were Scotch-Irish Presbyterians, and with them came the schools and churches, the preachers very often being also teachers, and in a number of In stances they wero graduates from Yale or Princeton-men of learning and culture, which enabled them to instill into their pupils an apprecia tion of hooks and education. in a few years the village among the foot-hills became a popular Stim mer resort for Charlestonians and other "low-country" people, some of whom were so enchaaled with the place that they made it a permanent home, so it happens that French and English names mix willi Scotch and Irish in the annals of Pendleton. That they .were a people of cul ture is shown hy the early establish ment of a pnhlic library. lu 1S0S the Legislature passed an act au thorizing and directing the commis sioners to sell certain tracts of land in Pendleton and appropriate (he money to the establishment of a cir culating library, and in ISSI the li brary was 'incorporated. The institu tion continued in operation until 182R, when by act of the Legislature it was converted into a male acad emy. The same old buildings are now used as public schools. Academy for Women. In 1827 there was a nourishing female academy in tho town. The building used had been tho bounty Jail-a most appropriate structure to bo converted Into a young women's boarding school of long ago. It was in that school that, some years later, thero wore two Northern ladles teaching-tho Misses Rates-greatly admired and respected by their pu pil?, but who so greatly shocked one of thean onco that, moro thai) 7 0 years later, when th weight of 00 years rests on her hoad, she yet tells of it with a touch of tho amazed in credulity with which she was im- j pressed lu her youth. She was a daughter ef Judge fW h i tn er, who, though he had moved to the new town of Anderson, sent his children back to Pendleton to school. On Fri day afternoons they came home for the week-end. On one such occasion the girls 'brought with them their beloved teachers, the Misses Dates. On the following day they were hor rified to hear iMrse Bates ask their stately mother to take her and her sister to -visit some of the negroes In their homes, as they wished to be come acquainted with them at close runge. Neither were the small children of the village neglected. For many years they were taught their a b c's also readln', 'ritin' and 'rlthmetic, by Miss Mary Hunter, until they at tained-tho dignity of academic age, when they probably entered the higher Institutions of learning. T..ey afttended school, brought in all kinds oi conveyances, buggies, sulkies, car riages, carryalls, and even wagons. Many rode horseback. When there were both boys and girls to go lo school from one house tho boys drove their sisters to the female academy first, then went on io (h j ? own, whore the horses were kepi and cared for until timo to go home, whch was well uto tho late aftoi noon, for school in those days lasted' from early in the morning until the shades of evening were growing very long. Then the boys would drive, with ninny a flourish, tip to Hbo door of the girls' school, where ia bewildered grou<p of malden.? were (always waiting to be called for, and hanny were ithe sidelong glances cast thy bashful boys at some other 'bi llow's sister, iwhlle their own wore climbing, unassisted, into their se tts lto.be taken home for he night. I Xever Closed School. I In ISSI there was a new venture Sn education made in tho town. A 'manual labor school for boys was (started under the care of the Rev. U. L. Kennedy, afterwards the dis tinguished head of Thallan Academy fat Slabtown, In Anderson county one of the heist known and most (widely patronized institutions of (learning in tho State at that time. The labor school, however, lasted 'but a short time. Typhoid fever 'broke out, and the people of that klay, knowing nothing of polluted .water, attributed lt to the heat of the sun beating on boys who were KinhCcustbihoi] ro o?t-door v <irk, and deciding (hal to l)e the ; . of the ! .ilI(>'.; , ni '!.!>.. pupil.-, closod the liv I '.mV : r?a I - dih?l. plied with literature by William An derson, who kept a book store,which ?was in existence In ISIS, and prob ably some years, both earlier and ?later, in that year, through an ad vertisement in the Pendleton Mes senger, he offered his patrons first ?a long and detailed list >f medical <bookts, then a similar list of theol ogy-only eight historical volumes. ?and one of those was a natural his tory. There were, however, several 'biographies and books of letters. For .light reading, Shakespeare, The li tad, Cook's Voyages, several of "The (Waverly Novels," a number of 18th century Engl tish poets, Don Quixotte, Oil Blas, family receipts, astronomy, music books, "Tales of Fashionable .Ufe," "Think I to Myself," "Hea then Gods." geography, "Botanic Gardens," "Thaddeus of Warsaw," ."Scottish Chiefs," "Seneca'te Mor als," "Vicar of Wakefield," besides Blackstone's Commentaries and JohllStone's Dictionary, for those wished or needed them. Those back woods folkh were not much behind 'the cultured people of Charleston or even of London lil tho books they read. Published Paper Karly. 'The first newspaper in tho Stale published elsewhere'than in Charles ton appeared in Pendleton-'.Miller's Weekly Messenger, Its editor, owner and publisher being "Printer John CALOMEL GOOD, RUT A W IT' h TREACHEROUS. Next Dose May .Salivate, Shock Liver or Attack Your Rones. You know what calomol is. It's mercury! quicksilver. Calomel ls dangerous. lt crashes Into sour bile like dynamite, cramping and sicken ing you. Calomel attacks the bones and should never bo put into your syst ein. If you feel bilious, headachy, con stipated and all knocked out, just go to your druggist and get a bottle of Dodson's Liver Tono for a few cents, which ls n harmless vegetable substituto for dangorous calomel. Take a spoonful, and if It does not start your liver and straighten you up hotter and quicker than nnsiy calomel, and without making you sick, you just go back and got your money. Don't tnko calomol! It makes you sick the noxt day; lt loses you a day's work. Dodson's Liver Tone straight ens you right up and you feel great. No salts necessary. Give it to tho childron because lt Is porfoctly harm-' less and can not salivate -adv. Miller," an Englishman who ha l helped to print the famous "(Letters of Junlus." I< Mr. ?Miller knew who was the author about whom the Knp; llsh-speaklng World was agog, hp never told, and t?e secret died wUh the generation which produced lt. la tho course of ?time tho, Journal changed hands ami (became tho Peu-, dleton Messenger, which nourished for many years. Ait t'he time that a?rlnter John Miller started his news paper in Pendleton there was 'io other In America located so far west, fl Mr. IMUler wns ?looted "the .f?r?t (Clerk of the Court for Pendleton Dltf 'trlc't. Tho first court was held in 17 90 by Magistrates Robert Ander son, John Wilson and William Hol bert. Samuel Lofton was the itrs't sheriff. Thoso early Pendleton people were ont only a reading people, they liked some more exciting pleasures, too: in fact, they were somewhat 'sportyj' Thoy had a Jockey clu'b and yeuily races, which brought but all of tho fashionable folk and many who mnde no pretense of fashion. Ail loved lino horses and glorified iii ? race. The manipulators of bet?lu?? books of courso swarmel like I!I :i about a molasses Jug. The citizens of 'Pendleiou District organized a farmer's' society, wli'.u is still In existence. When in 1S2S Old Pendleton District, w is divided into Anderson and Picketts, kheri was in process of cont tu tton a brick court house at Pendleton1, which was of course abandoned? the Legislature ordering tba; the con tractors be reimbursed fer any li:. ? which he might have sustained'. Tho Farmers Society took over nul . ii? ploted the building, which .slam1- ... the middle of the public sq du Ve > quaint old-style structure with ::?.' u mus in front, and from '.'.?ese. ? ri y days of the nineteenth century until the present time it has been thu meeting place of the Frrw.^rs" So ety. Its ball's have echoed oh thfj voices of some of South Carolina s most fluent speakers. In I S3'). Joan C. Calhoun was president of the so ciety. Mr. Clemson also served lt as president. Major Benjamine F, slot ii wate one of Its meinlber.s, os wor?'i John Miller, Robert Anderson, Dr.J Andrew Pickens.Jr., and many Other notable men. . Posscwses Hun Dial. No clanging tongue of ii ou ?rom belfry heights marks time fo?lVi dleton-only the noiseless IWfaow . ssl bj \hp jointer of a sa < 'ion r.lifi holli's (lying, Jujstft'i i has told tin sam? story io /, *n> . ion - ol Pendleton people w?io hu\ . passed ' ko shadows ?!.?. t?isoljpe . across the village life and disappear ed forever, lt was a gift from Col. Huger, In Pendleton's infancy. Tile linnie of William Henry 'Pres cott in Pendleton, still occupied by momtbers of his family, was bulk long ago by an English nobleman, Lord Lowther, who fell so In love with the quiet Routh Carolina village that he desired to own a house there to which he might retreat when the big world claimed her own again, and the property was bought by Mr. Trescott, Secretary of State under .President Buchanan, to whom also the peaceful town made a strong ap peal. Mr. Trescott was acting Sec retary of'State when South Carolina seceded. He was also a charming .writer of both prose and poetry. The ?greatly admired inscription on thc Confederate monument in Columbia is from his pen. In the streets of Pendleton indig nant citizens fliVst kindled a bonfire of abolition literature sent into the .State. In Pendleton soil sleep three ad mirals of the United States .Navy Thomas IIolup ?Stevens, William B Shubrick and Cornelius K. Stribllng There also rests Barnard E. Bee whose name is eternally linked witl the imjmortnl ono of "Stonewall,' which, In dying, he bestowed upon ii greater man. There, too, lies Gen Clement H. Sloven's and Alexandei Worley, captain of the Confederan navy. .These are only a very few of thc great and gallant mon wno fron Pendleton went out to servo theil country. Her sons have achiever distinction In every walk of life. IF rom that town In 187(5 rodo li bloodless battle the first. "Red Shirt' conipnny to take part In ono of th? Hampton campaign meetings of tha unforgotten year. The first cnmp?igi mooting was in Anderson, and th< Pendleton mon, led by Col. .1. C Stribllng, rode almost at tho head o tho parado, resplendent in brililan red flannel shirts, which Immediately ?ook tho popular fancy and forme, an Important part in the work o State redemption. With tho removal of the count; seat to Anderson tho financial an< industrial importance of Pendletoi diminished, though lt was still en terprlsing enough to organize um keep running all during tho war om of tho earliest cotton mills in lb South, it la still an active and pay lng concern. m town the rushing, restless world without. But tar from the tumult of modern lifo, calm and undisturbed, she troab- J ure? her memories and traditions, honors her illustrious dead, and still sends her sons and daughters forth to prove that all that was ?ne in her past is living and growing ?till. Louise Ayer Vandiver. Anderson, S. C. Hanged for Horse Stealing. Editor Keowee Courier:. 1 wish to add a postscript to this vnduablo historical letter, written by Mris. Louise Vandiver for the State and republished in the Greenville News, from which paper I clipped it. 'During the years of 1868 or 1863 1 wa? dlerklng in the store of that well-known firm of J. B. E. Sloan & Co., and I w/s correctly informed by ono of tho old and respected citi zens -of Pendleton-John Simpson, known in those days as "Red House" Simpson-that in the very oarly days of the old court house and jail of Old Pendleton District, the first man ever hanged in all upper South Caro lina was tried in that old court house by twelve true anti tried ju r?te and a veVy distinguished judge. The Htdge charged the jurors, before the trial, to retnem(ber the solemn oaths they had taken, ind to "he true to your country." The man was tried for horse stealing and wa. .found guilty, with no recommenda tion for mercy, and the judge pro nounced 'tho sentence of death upon him. The high sheriff executed him. This is a somewhat gruesome rec ollection, hut I have many fond and ever-pleasant recollections of Old ?Pendleton. But Mme and space for bid further comment at the present time. 'S. K. Dendy, Sr. Seneca, p. C., Jan. Sith, 1922. CORNS Lift Off with Fingers \ Doesn't hurt a bit! Drop a little "Freezono" on an aching corn, in stantly that corn stops hurting, then shortly you lift it right off with fingers. Truly! Your druggist sells a tiny bottle of "Freezone" for a few cents, sufficient to remove every hard corn, soft corn or corn between tho toes, and the calluses, without soreness or irrita tion.-adv. As Ford Secs Outlook for 11)22. Iron Mountain, IMlch., Jan. 6.-In dustrial conditions during the new year will be determined largely by the trend of retail prices, ."Henry Ford declared here in a statement on the outlook for 1922. iPrlco adjustments In many Unes were made Inst year, and wero al most wholly responsible for the im provements recorded, the manufac turer said. There aro still many lines, ho added, In which this move ment had not become apparent. "Existing costs," Mr. Ford said, "are the chief factors in tho present market, conditions. When prices aro reduced business will (boom." A nightingale's voice will carry a distance of a mile. Time to Plant and the best varieties of vegetable and field seeds to plant for each purpose is told in the 1922 Catalog of WOODS SEEDS Now ready to be mailed, free on request. Reduced prices are quoted on Seeds, Poultry Supplies, and Feeds, Garden Tools and Spray Materials. Write for your copy today. T. W. WOOD & SONS, Seedsmen, 17 S. 14th St., Richmond, Va. Eggs Fl Th ri o la. no oxcui mid rt a i money-make) Tho wonderful poultr, makes early layers o 1 radih'cn .lim growth in young chicks. 2: we curry ft completo lino of Caro-Vct I Hon? and Poultry. Wo will gladly rotund results from tho uso of any Caro-Vet ten AUTHORIZED DEALER h H. Alloy. West Union, S. C. ' YIio City Pharmacy . Seneca, S. C. C. L. Callahan... .Seneca. S. C., Route 8. !.. V. Graham ;. Seneca, 8. C. H -Irlo-'o I'hiirmncv . Seneca, S. C. F. S. Hutchins & Co. .. Westminster, S. C. RAILROAD RATES AND FARES Cut by Removal of Tuxes-Hof mids WIU Only bo Made Direct. Atlanta, Ga., Jan. 7.-The remo val of war taxes of eight per cent on passenger and sleeping car faros and of three per cent on freight charges, which became effective at midnight on Dec. 3l8t, last, will mean a sub stantial reduction in tho cont of both freight and - passenger transporta tion. A statement issued by tho South ern Railway system calls attention to the fact that, as these taxes ap plied universally, their elimination will result in a material cut in the bili tile American peoplo havo been paying for transportation. Under thc ruling of the Bureau of internal Revenue tho railways will not ho permitted to make refunds of war taxes paid on unused portions of tickets or mileage books or of such taxes paid on freight overcharges. Refunds of taxes will be made only on direct application to tho Com missioner of Internal Revenue, at Washington, D. C., and application must be accompanied by certificates from the railway agents through whom refund of the railroad charges was made. Colds Cause Grip and Influenza LAXATIVE BROMO QUININE Tablets remove tho cause. There ls only one "Bromo Quinine." E.W. GROVE'S a (?nature on the box. 30c Rainfall and Temperature. Below is a record of meteorological observations taken by H. W. Brandt, co-operative observer of the Weather Bureau of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, during the week ending January 1st, 1922, at .7 p. m. (The instrumental readings are from gov ernmoni standard instruments ex posed In the manner ro'oinmon'h d by tho ?-i.:of of tr.'.. \V<NU.UT Bureau;: Ch ?ra ?ter of Day. Date Ten i c> ture. sa to Dec. 20-Cloudy .. I.... I Dec. 27-'IHly cldy. ; '. . . .' Dec. 28-Ptly cldy. j.... I Dec. 29-Clear .... . 03| Dec. 30-'Clear ....!.... I Dec. 31-Clear. ....... Jan. 1-Clear .!....! . otal rainfall . . .j ,03||. . . .j Tho total rainfall for tho year of 1921 was 50.58 Inches-a shortage from ?ho 19 20 total of 27 Inches, an'd 20 Inches less 'han In 1919. 64! 32 55 35 5 4 i 29 65? 35 46; 22 '62? 26 52 32 To Stop a Cough Quick take HAYES' HEALING HONEY, a cough medicine which stops the cough by healing the inflamed and irritated tissues. A box of GROVE'S O-PEN-TRATE SALVE for Chest Colds, Head Colds and Croup is enclosed with every bottle of HAYES' HEALING HONEY. The salve should be rubbed on the chest and throat of children suffering from a Cold or Croup. The healing cfTect of Hayes' Healing Honey In side the throat combined with the healing effect of Grove's O-Pen-Trate Salve through the pores of the skin soon stops a cough. Both remedies aro packed In one carton and the cost of the combined treatment ls 35c. Just ask your druggist for HAYES HEALING HONEY. Would IAH Relatives Visit Graves. Washington, Jan. 6.-Parents or wives of American soldiers who died overseas during the World War and whose bodies have not been returnod to America, would have an oppor tunity to visjt tho graves of their deceased at government expenso If a resolution introduced Into Con gress by Representative 'Hamilton .Fish, of Now York, a member of the 'American Legion, should become a law. The resolution directs the Sec retary of War to provide transpor tation to American cemeteries over seas. Card of Thanks. Editor Koowee Courier: Please allow irs space In your pa/ppr to thank our relatives and friends for their many deeds of kind ness and cheerful help during the sickness and at tho doath of our dear mother and gran rt mother. May joy and happiness lill tho pathway of ench ono through lifo ls tho wish of Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Smith and Family. Salem, S. C.- (adv.*) An almond tree ittalns the height of.twclvo to fourteen foet. pom Every Hen so for a loaflnB hon. You can wako layers rs out of ?very solitary hen you own. , . F EgjQf Producer y tonic, develops tho CBB-producIng organs: f yo-.nu. pallets; keeps poultry lioalthy ami 1-2 )b. box, 80 cents. standard Itemedlos for Horses, Mulos. Cattle, your money Jf you fall to ?et satisfactory ?edy. . 8 IN OCONEE COUNTY T. B. Able .Westminster, S. C. D. D. EIrbd .Westminster. B.F.D. W N Barton. Walhalla, t?. C. W. II. Tally . Salom, S. C. C.iBh Grocery Co.Walhalla, H. C. . >Vi M. Murphroo .. Walhalla, S. C. B.F.D. DEATH OE FRANK LEE HARRIS. Foftcmr Americn.ii Soldier Mod tri Govenuinont Hospital at Asheville. (Tiigaloo Tribune.) After a lingering Illness of tnany month?, Frank Leo Harris, only son of the late Oscar Harris^ died In a government hospital at Asheville, N. C., on Thursday, Dec. 8th. The body was brought to Westminster, being accompanied by A. M. Alexander, brother-in-daw of the deceased,'who ? had been summoned to Abbeville to prepare' tho body for shipment and burial. 'Mr. Harris was only 27 years old, and was ? young man highly es teemed by all. Mis .boyhood days wore spent in Westminster and nt Townville. (Severn I years ago he went to Atlanta, Qa., and procured a lucrative posMion. He enlisted from Atlanta with the 17th Engin eers' Corps and was among the first to go over to France from the United States, as ho left about tho time Gen. Pershing wont over. While in France he suffered an attack of gas, and from tho effects of this attack ho never fully recovered. We had been in the government hospital at Asheville since last March. Wn'.le the death of this most excellent young man had been expected for some time, lt was nevertheless sad, and the 'bereaved sisters and other relatives have the profound sympa thy of a large circle of friends and acquaintances. IMtr. Harris ls survived by his step mother, Mrs. iHunter Harris, of Chick Springs; three sisters, Mrs. R. T. Long, of South Boston, Va.; Mrs. William King, of Atlanta, Ga.; Mrs. A. M. Alexander, al Westminster, and two half-sisters, Mrs. William Simpson, of Oreen ville, and Mts.-; Adele Harris, nf chic!,- Springs. All tho niemihevH ol the family were he-o for Ibo burial ?xcopl .?v*. ftong U Brownlee ;;nd Miss ida. Lou Brownlee, formerly of Westminster, are stepbrother and step-sister of \ tho deceased. The funeral services took place in j the Townville Presbyterian church Son Sunday morning following his death, at ll o'clock, and were con ducted by the new paster of that church. The body was burled In tho church cemetery, where tho bodies of his parents, Mrs. Sarah Jones Harris and Oscar Harris, were in terred. The following ex-service men act ed as pallbearers: Norman Dalton, O. W. Pitts, K. C. Tannery, Perry Sanders, Levis Jaynes,' J. R. Grogan and Mr. Harrington.' iMr. Harris was a consistent mem ber of the Central 'Presbyterian church of Atlanta, Ga. Hays to Quit I?. O. Job? 'New York, Jan. 4.-'Postmaster .General Will Hays has signed a con tract to become director general of tho National Association of the Mo tion Picture Industry at a sodary of .$150,000 a year, according to the .New York World. Tho contract, which runs for threo years, the pa per says, "was signed more than a ?week ago. /Mr. Hays, tho World added, has arranged a conference with the na tional leaders of the motion picture industry In Washington, Jan. 14, at .which time he "will make public on his own account his decesion to ac cept tho post. Mrs. A. Mitchell Palmer Hood. Washington, Jan. 4.-(Mrs. A. Mitchell Palmor, wife of tho former Attorney General of tho United States, died suddenly at her home hero to-night. Mrs. Palmer, who was Miss Roborta Bartlett Dixon, of Eas ton, Ky., had been ill for sonic time, but her death was unexpected. Slio was married in 1808 to Mr. Palmor, who was Attorney Gonoral during tho last two years of the' second Wilson administration. She is survived, in addition to Mr. Pal mer, by ono daughter. No Worm? in a Healthy Child All children troubled with Worms havo an un healthy color, which Indicates poor blood, and as a rulo, thcro Is moro or I eso stomach disturbance. GROVE'S TASTELESS CHILL TONIC given regu larly for two or three weeks will enrich tho blood, Improve the digestion, omi act ns n gcncralStrength enlng Tonic to tho wholo system. Nntaro will then throw off or dispel the worms, and thoChlld wlllhe In perfect health. Pleasant to take. 60c por boule.