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' ' DEVOTlUVrO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OP TlTlC COUNTRY ^ =~ =~ ' Y0L- V- PICKENS, S. C? THURSDAY, SEPTEMRUU 30, 1875; ' NO r, ' Ml Mil at >1 n.l ? i-.i ?I -! I ? ' i _ . ,| t - The fickens Sentinel. 9, P, BftULEY, Editor and Proprietor, # PICKENS, S. C., SEPT 30, 187*. Tcmun ot* NubNCi'ipHon. Ono Your $1 50 ^ Six Months 75 AfivertiNiiig llnic*. Advertisementsinserted al. the rale of $1 00 per sqnuic, of (0) nine linen, on i.khs, for tlie first inb< tion, and GO cents for each subsequent in8cttion. v Contracts made for tiirkk, six or twklvb * months, on favorable terms. Advertisements not having the number of Insertions morked on them, will lie published until forbid and charged accordingly. Theso terms are so simple any child may ^ understand them. Nino lines is a square? I Jjotofchioh, In every instance wo charge by the space occupied, as eight or ten lines can be-made to occupy four or live squares, as the advertiser may wish, and is charged by the pace. Advertisers will ] lease state the num- I ber of squares they wish their advertisements o make. Business men who advertise to be j benefitted, will bear in mind that the SENTINEL has a large and increasing circulation, and is taken by the very class of *r persons whose trade they desire. Advertising A-gcnts. Tho following aro the only author iz&l agents to receive advertisements for this papor : Goo. P. Row ell & Co., 41 Paik Row ^ New York. Walker, KvsVns & Cogswell, reprcs* sented by Roswell T. Logan, Charlcs. ten, S. C. Wo will accept cash-in-advanco otdors from other agencies, at reasonabio rates. Wo can give no advertisement prof i croneo in position. <r Tub State Policy.?Tho question | of the organization oftho Domociacy of South Carolina is working its way slowly along. The force of present | habit and tho set of the prevailing, current enterposo, of course, some obstacle to its coueideuUiou. Wen j:ot U6ed to almost anything, and contract aversion to change and the effort necessary to eliect it. They tako up with the convenient : doctrino that "whatever is, is right,1' or, at least, if not good and right, 1 that it had letter ho endured. Henides, this question, so far an it in a question, is not invested at present uitb any commanding interest from ^irAiimQtnn/>n i u*l?u?li o ? ? ? /*?? ?\?1 if "< VII VMMIDiUIIVU ' n lliv?ll out I UliliU lb Ui anything to rotiso enthusiasm in its favor. Tlie timo has not yet conic for that, though wo believe it is not far ofK As yet it presents itself to most minds as a speculative proposition, requiring cool calculation and balancing of probabilities. A.s such it has elicited considerable comment from tho press of the State. It is i generally conceded mat organization per so is necessary, and promises good results. Only it is feared in certain quarters that it may not be properly directed. Tho apprehension which exists on this account we have no doubt will clear away in good time, as tho discussion ahull . " widen and extend, and tho real grounds upon which a movement ! ehould bo based arc brought more fairly and fully to view. So far as wo liavo obaorvod, tlie Sumter VVatcbn.au is tbo most pronounced against reorganizing tlio Democracy. It regards the idea wi^b disfavor; thinks Tlio advice! dangerous, and sees ahead aa its re- i suit tbo establishment of the ci>rrup* ! tioniate in authority. The Winus i boro News thinks that the surest card j ot State policy wdl bo to keep on i flu* m'ncmit linn n(' / AmtwniiiiDn Tim ?MV ^/l VOVUW VA vv/lf j/l V1IIIOU. XUVJ Sumter Souriiron urges that there ought to bo uo battle between Democrats and Republicans as such. Thoro should, in its judgment, bo a confederacy of all honest nun to put down knaves. This it looks see efTected by tho Itopublicans placing staunch Democrats on their tickets with tho belter chiss of Kopubiicaus. Tho ^Greenville News goes heartily fororganizution. So docs tho Abbeville Medium. It insists that there should be new leaders appointed, perfect harmony socurod, and u platform uuwjmuu which win ennst tiie sympathy and support of all the honest masses. The Andetson Intelligencer thinks the discusbion timely, and knows no hotter way of engaging the services of all printout, sensihle and discrcot men in the iStalo, than to gather them into a irtjrmanent Democratic organization. The Pickens Skntinki, is decidedly in favor of the organisation of ihe Democratic party ot South Carolina, and asks those join nal8 which oppose it why I they do not advise Ihe Democrats to go over to the Radical camp in a body, w iihout edging around it. The] Skntinm, sa,s: "It the Democrats desire to redeem the h>t:ito, thoy can only do it through organization. If thoydesiro to see Radical rule con-* tinned, thoy only havo to pursuo the courso suggested by theso journals to 'nsuro it. Dot us perfect a thorough Democratic organization, put a j straight tielcct in the Hold, ally our- j selves wiih the great national Domo- i crntie party, and march with it to I victory in 1870. But if the 'possum | policy is to bo continued, lot us eeaao abusing Radicalism and preaching Democratic doctrine." And last, but not least, the Union j Times give the proposition to re or~ gauisse the Democratic party iis most cordial endorsement. We stand au yet only upon the threshold of this subject. There are j swii.c reasons oi policy, of present j supposed advantage, in maintaining i a neutral position. There Hi O, Oii , the other hand, overwhelming considerations in favor of a vigorous assertion of genuine Democratic! principles, of a combination of all ! the best elements of t:.e Sta'e upon i an earnest and hearty c lib it to ; n.-biuro iu u goou government, highor morals, sounder education, and bettor oxamplu8 of men in the positions, trust ami influence which give c n'rt'l of' j>n 1 >1 ic opinion. Wei nue< 1 n gonenil put gat ion, a complete ' change. We must try something more cflioaoi'U3 tl.an the tnfU and ^rasa ot humhlo ronei i itioii. Wo must sharply ant agnize *:;olunontti ' of evil which hold comnlc-to i ufspk- ! bion of the ?Stato, exhausting ita vitality nut] ; oiooniug its l)lo<?< 1 ut tho tiuric time.? Columbia Register. Tl.o }'onng men of West Point, Miaaissij pi, have organized a Demos oratic platt ?rtri with tho following! platform : "Wo pledge ourselves to j support tor oilico intelligent w hite i men only, ot tho highest respect- j ability, ot known integrity, an d identification with tho heat interests; of our aomitv siiwl Smln mwl ?'1>? ' - J """ " ,,v' i arc ??j?)to what is known as tho I tallica! or Republican party in this | ft ato. Wc will treat with contempt ; all olhee-sookors, anil wo 1 > >K1 it a . bacruil iluty for every man to promptly respond whenever call oil t(? the candidacy of any ollioo what- , ever." To tho surprise of many,! Bovcial loading negroeti have joined! in tho movement, which seems likely to become popular. TIio printing ollico lias indeed provod r. better college to ninny ft boy' has giaduated inoro useful and conspicuous members of society, lias! brought nvoro intellect out aiul turned it into practical, n.noi u I channels, awakened moro minds, generated more active and elevated thoughts,1 than many of the literary colleges of tho country. A boy who commences I in such a school as tho printing ollicc will havo bis talents and ideas brought! out; and, if he is a enrol ul obpervoi^ | experience in his profession will con?. i muuio inoro lowai'd nn education than can be obtained in almost any ; other manner.? Printing Trade'* journal. ??Tito compo.ilov who t uh tilmed a "in" for "w" in BpoaUiii}* ol a lady troubled with "nwolling ol the feet," accomplished the worm typographical feat on record Tins Inmanola Disaster.?Thofol. lowing has boon recoivcd by rho businobs firms in Now York from their correspondents : "On Wednesday, 15th, tiio winds wore from tlio eastward, veering to tlic north. On Thursday morning thov became more stondv- infviMi?in? ^ I to :i gale. The water was then waist deep, and ovcry man, woman and child was seeking a placo of .safety. It l>lc\v fearfully, and tho situation was awful. Scroanys from tho women and children could he hoard in every direction. Tho water was six feet deep on tho strcotP, and about 2 o'clock Friday morning tho wind veered to the northwest, and the waves then became chopped. Houses wero washed away or tumbled to pieces. Tlio wind toward morning began to lull a liule, and I lie water was getting lower. The wind veered to tlie north, and liien came hope, and daylight began to break. Then did we behold the awful destruction around, and thanked our God that we had been baved, and that our perilous condition was nothing coinpared viih our neighbors and citizens. Along the bay, broad day*, light rcvcnle I a scene that was terrible to behold. The town could not be rccognized as the Indianola ot the day previous. Ruin?total ruin, was everywhere. The peoplo were suen waikin^ a.ul iuni;>inir over one gully mi"! nuotlu.-r ; neighbors mot neighbors ami told of the troubles and ?ribubithm of tho previous ni^'nt. Death and dc-Uruuliun were all around us. Houses wore crushed lo the groun'l and others woro swajed round and leaning over. I'he wind was dvino- avd tl.e water disappearing (ruin p'aoes in the blroots. i'hose that et>nld, rallied lo learn the news. Uoiiies of men, women and children, were !<>und in all directions. Tlie pv'lict; and guards were or^ani rizod and tlio search \v;i* made for missing relatives and friends. ulIow many have 1 ?Ht their lives in this feai ful storm it is impossible I I I ll?!l I'll 1 , I > (ill! ! Q I i ! 11 . ? c i v t v I I I* "" W| . "..w "... J w. seventy liuvo Ic.en f?>n..?1 and buried. Women wi'io found and men also, who had Hulled oil" on doors, or anything they could pet hold of. ferine were beneuth the roofs and carried away long distances. The escape of bo many ot our citizciB id almost u arvelous. The search' for bodies i.j still going on, and the number 01 human beings drowned will never be known, as (hero was a largo number ot visitors in town. We estiinuto the number ot lives lost at 150. JI. J. 1 lucks l"St everything but bis hou.se. IS bodies weiu found yesterday, and the search will be continued .,n ,.c !..? ri.,o.i ... .. lllllll (ill ?'I Ml\ VIV.n i ill V III thoii* iiibt rusting place. You cannot ini;?gi!:c 1110 extant ot the disaster, and iioibintj short (.>1 ius lull details will give a proper knowleilgo ol il. A number of persona wuro out on raf.s 'or hours, but in many c ises ~ ..,.1 .......,1 W.v. ... \> v i u IIWL rav V/U* in. UII trial lor tin* button murder, was lot out <if j:111 to prevent his being drowned, and made bid cse:ipe. All llu1 churches in the town mo swept away, but the Court House its safe, ('apt. Sam. Drown and two of his family were navod ; they took rcjugo in the li^!itl,ioni!0 ,.tul wore thereby saved, lirovvii it) now the only 8i.rviving j ilot at the L'ago. Great ties* titu'ion prevail-.), and the Victoria i wi. iitln I > on i'i M i r i \ i I Ytitl.lv cni\f iiu no l/v "j'IVy llV'ttl ti'n *'? H HUl/l J OVIIK HI 11 "? sistauce at once." Indianela in one of the few towns ol Texas I lint c.wi boast of iis amis qnity. Tlic.ro, long \ eforo it was coded to (In' Unilc-d Slates, a large trade in hides, and although in Ihe latter part of the laot century and in tii century it has been partially or \s hulls subinor^ed by iho tidal How, ; : lu he ^1. f ciiii :ti!<i ' i\Vi pi i.;uix-''.Ue, il hiu always recuperated from the < dee's of tivie and war and w ind, ai d remained tlio key of the inland waterway that extends from Cony river, in Brazoria county,] Texap, to Hie Rio Grande del Isorto, | that divides Texas from Mexico, i Indianola in tiio chief port of entry <>! the district Salmia, and before the ; railroads tapped tiio towns that fed it, it was a place of considerable imI portancc, commercially and topoI graphically. j It is situated on a ncmnsuhi. whom tlio Lavaca liver empties inlo Matagorda bay, tlio county of Calhoun, of which it is the county scat, forming tho peninsula. O.vingto its low situation, it is subject to inundation 1 alike from the immense b uly of water i that overflows Matagorda bay ami j tlio tidal waves from the <;r.ll that occasionally sweep o\cr Iho narrow i beach that separates it from the gulf lndianola is 1?10 miles southeas'. by } cast of Austin and 1:20 miles south j west of Galvoston. In 1S70 it had ' a pop ihuion of 2.IOC, which has in1 creased to nearly 13,000. 01 these j nearly fivo hundred aie colored, li in tho terminus of the Gull', Western Texas and Pacific Il-iihoad, (completed in 1ST3 lo Cuero, in DeWitt county, a distanco of sixty six miles), which is to connect it with Austin. Steamers run regularly to Co*. pup (Jhristi and (Jalveston. Tin: Gkkay I^clii'sr: <r 13V5.?The I R )(;hes'er Kxprct-e contains the J\?lI . . lowing from L >wU S.vifi: On the i;9th of the present month will occur one of tho most remarkai I hie eclipses ut the sun that has taken place in this State since the memorable total oelipso of Juno 17, 1S0(>. | jlviaiiiuiaiou aoout m o miii 11'os or j nosirly as long ris is p< ssibto i;i our latitude. Il was the lirst total <.clip$e j over submitted to acuratc instrumon j tal observations in this country. It , will make its fourth return since | then in July, 1 v>7S, and will be total i i Colorado and Texas. There ate ! thiee kinds of solar ccli|?sc*s an-J two lot lunar?the former being partial, annular and total; the latter partial , and total. The coming eclipse will be annular and total (ring like), cans' ed by the moon being too email to j cover tho entire sun, iieneo a narj row bright ring will surround the j hlaek moon, presenting a ;ight, a< j beautiful as i;a occurrence i* rare. | The eclipse (not the annular piut-.e) first touches the earth at &unriso in tho Atlantic Ocean, Northeast of '.he; Bermuda Islands, and leaves it at sunset, in the Southern part of Afi ica Tlio annular phase, not visible here, first touches the earth at sunrise on i the shore ?>f Lake Ontario, ah >ut three miles Noithcast of that narrow neck of land separating Sod us Bay ' from the lake, tallowing the (rack < ! ! the partial pha;.', aad leave; tli .? | c ivlli at mniii'.i, <?n ili-.i I ! in 1 of M.i 1j ngascar. If a line hi drawn on a J map, commencing about livo milo-3 : Nortli ol Wa'ortowi), through Tie >ti? j deroga, to a point livo milori S >u11> i ol Portland, Maino, it will nearly i represent the Northern limit ot' tiio annular phase. If paralell to 11:is i another line l>o drawn, eonini ticin^ live miles North of Ithaca, rn inin^ : about ten mile? South ol Cortland, live .North ot 11udtfon, t) I >u Jv,;rv, on Car Cod, it will nearly rep resell I t ie Southern limit, ol annular phase. ' Tiio distance botw.-ea theie two | represents a terrestrial belt about 110 ' miles in width. Through the centro ol this belt the eclipse will nut only 1 be annular, hut will also be exactly J central, the ring concentric with the Bun's centre, ami, ot courbe, of equal 1 width all around. On each side ol iho central lino the ring will bo ee' centric, and, of course, unequal in width, the eccentricity increasing until < nch boundary is j>a>oed, when the ocli^iio cv.isoa to be .nnu u a J much ti. appearance >i . i tdelldir ?' i '!. Mi. fir <i i'v . 11 I 8.1U10 tell j -U \v .lli miU'il joU'hi:. .11 noisily at ite appearance i'.i IS.;!), tl ou^h ii .vas neither a.itr.ihn w >> total, though nearly so. The bountiful thoughts c.?nnoctcd with it cling to m 10 yet, an J awaken a dosiro to iobserve it again, which I intoiul to j do no.ar Syracuse, where tho niagni-. I tmloof tho eclipse will !>^) tho largest i?equal to 11( <iuitd. In Iv >chwtor th" ? ,n wi'il ho 11-12 overol at sun i i i^c, du win ii"' i)rt e\a<:'.!v aniiiiliir. . livoiv <bjoct will liiivo, <>r rather would h;ivo, ii ill'1 sun wore h^'ier, I a yollow, sii-.hlv, deathly apj> aiuneo, I which cm only bo appiocia'.ud whon I HOLM I. ill 1 Vj;5 lliifj ooli ,)so will oc > I enr fi'iaii), mill ovory eighteen vo ire j and rb )iit. lea days thereafter, every jli'M" pa win:; over tlio oarlh some I sixty milo:.. farther buith, and will : iinnllv on-s n'.V tlio ^ .. v.. vi>> i i tit; U l\>i\ alior ii:vin.' appeared seven'y _ . .. rovon tfrom lis lir-t an;arace sit the M !"It L'ole, cccu;>yl,uSS your.*. Alter this it will not touch 1 the earth, hut will take place i i space I till after the l.ipso of 12.10:i years, v-"lien it will touch ilie earth ii.jiin ill I lie North I* ?!c as before, to repeat the Bamo cycle over and over a^ain forever. The above arc a fea- (>t the salient features, briefly told and hastily written, of thi.s \v??n?l^:fui eclipse, icmarkablc 't a huge nt every one of it* appearances. I doubt if, since the creation of man, the annular pha^ j of an r>clin?e ha; 1 first touched the earth bo near llo; cheater as tiiis, and probably will not ! again in many ages. <!> lien. \V. Iv. lvimhall, of Maine, who i shot himself last week, left a letter i addressed lo the coroner, in which ho I waul there was no need for on inoaest. and continued : "I am sorrow-strickon, heart-broken, and liavo voluiw leered lo 'cross over tlio river' and j >'n the ureal army, gone to the front, | instead of waiting to he drafted by tho'grim messenger.' God forgive mo for the sin if it In" a sin.M ? ?<=>? ( A Chicago woman advertises in the i Marriage Haxanr : "1 want an honor| able, honest gentleman for a husband. ; Xo lawyer, doctor, or politician may ! apply. 1 will give my future husband ' on my marriago day ?10,000 cash, and i twico that amount in real estate, i ! am 1'L vcar.s of ;i"o. f? <Y>r>f. i1 in/?i??? i high, woi'/li 1 19 pounds, a pood musiI cim. and well educated. Kditoi has | undress.'' A Wyoming jury, composed of seven men ami five women, weru shuj, up lor two days and two nights and yet they couldn't agree It is said that it I they had remained out for seventeen j years there, would have been no vcr-. i diet, as the five women talked the | seven mon deal the first six hours ? j jJrooklyn Argus. ? ? j 10 prevent pip iu clnckcna, teed , tlicin with raw, line cut onioiu once | iu throe or lour days, and ooio. their I drinking water with tincture ot iron ! occasionally. lJreiul soai;ed iu vine! gar is licalthy. (jet ail the egg sheila 3011 can tor your lowlrf, keep tho htn i hotiHc clean, aud give plenty of range. ? t V Noting t he present of a silver cup to t a brother journalist a Western editor ; says : "11.0 needs no cup. AIo c an ! drink from any vessel that < >niainM 1 Ii 4 ior, whether llio i * i a bott'e, the mouth ol a pickle jar, tt?o -pi!o of ja kog, or a bung of a barrel." | "J. lived with bun nineteen yoai says an Indiana applicant fm a divorce, ''and all tho clothe-. Ii. evei bought me was a bunch ol hair pi in I and n tooth brush." Von can sun by this what a hard time she h:i<l to keep j well dressed. ? 4 , A minister once Haul "Tlioso i ice young men who stand ci ih tlu: i church doors waiting for tli "> young ladies to como out. will t-omo day stand around the. :n-ido of lu ;1 s door Wail ili; f.' the t<< i.i " . ---hilt tii> y won't e.om< . .. <c?. < !? ; ! \V!>aL' l'.10 vr?*l':J u'.il t!i S..ly u'o:i her ' \Yi!<: i''Wlint's tho u>o ol liavin:' clcan hlocUiiii: * i ? 1 "!. . . I1' 1. Tnrc Coming Cicntennial.?-Tho great buildings which arc to shelter ea:nj;lcs of the woi Id's industries aro ! t;i<U taking shape in Fairmont park. ; The frame of the main building id Jin poai'hm. TI>o irlasfl is l)oing put . in and the fl ?or laid. A clovor scheme f.>r giving a clow to tho lo<*>\i 1 I - , vo.iuh wi uin u cxniDitor una boon adopted. The iron cilumns which 11i|>oi t 111o root ot the great struc* turo arc to bo numbered longthwiao 1 :in 1 lettered crops w be, so that every exhibitor wiil bo in llie neighbor' h<'(>d of A2. or 1)5, or some similar ... . c miuinalion ot letter and figure, iii I he art hall is li d??hud, will) the ex; cej?ti : "! the iioi, dome, and that h I 111 V W IvilW "III ' l."~ ,,M .. . hi j'l.u.i;. ino inai:!m v y lml! i--> practically finished. li:o mentor:. i !;aii i > nearly so. 1*1 jo <?vir main bunding?-, ii in evident, i will ho ready in plenty of timo?loo j soon, in fact, for liio very dilatory 11 e.\'hibitois, but not tor their foreign riva'p, vim a;v already beginning to gather at I'i.ilidelphia. Tho wholo of tii.' main l>::il ling has been allotted Jo different I'iationalitio', though t.lic f-pflcc has not yet been 6ub dividj od among individuals, cepccially in j ihc tbuith icservod for this country t/ ? ^ . nam, a- i anuu iiiiu vierfnuny | occupy 11'e other thrco fourths, or | rather tin part of each nearest tho I centre. This scares ft group compos-, e l of the f"iir great nut ions of cliris: U-ndoni. Canada, Australia, Scan1' d:navia ami a few individual exhibitors of ilnssia occupy the refit ot tho British quartet. Switzerland, lJols gimn and the. South American states are placed with France, Germany shares her lourlli with Austria, llol. land, Spain, Portugal and Asia. Tho only nations whie.h have declined iho invilali*>11 to pariieipato in the sllow are Ku.nia, (>ret ce and Italy, but subjects <>f all tilloo have applied for s| ace. i iio uses', complete exhibition will probably be tlmt dt German product.-, flio new Teutonic empire will show its best bide. There will be a number of supplementary building-, among them thoso ut scveial ftlate^. K insae will make a bid I'm- emigrants by displaying tho choicest cf her products in a hands some structure iipaiLirom main ha!!. These outlying building*, however, cannot be expected to rival thoso of Vienna in ISf-!. Tho grounds of WoltauBStuliung contained, among others, a Japanese larm house, a Turk ibh culice house, where bearded bovs I ami pashas sat cross legged and slip]> ?r'lihrf, sniukiug the !ii >st fragrant ol tobacco and sipping the inoat delictus of colfue, ami a sirtiptuona house bt.iti l?>r t;.c viceroy of Egypt, i iiv'. latter was the mo3t beautiful oin jo ^tincture 011 the ground*}. 1 is certain that visitors will see nn admirable display of foreign wares t! i. li it tray well be doubted wlioth' i.-r U i? } roeio. Iv the boat way 'o celebrate "iir own centennial. Wo are rbowing a aia-t'erly inactivity i:i the matter, and our own department 1 bids fair to be a melancholy failure. 1'lie responsibility fur this state of thingfi rc;;t:> la tely on the centennial e i> i i :?* ii'IiH* i .;asi lli't taken the . iik bUii.'H to at waken pub-* < . .1 : , ! ? president, (.ions I. :: iian U:y, isbould lnivc bo* jj, . >i ii j *. . to make ppoeclioa, in i. " All . |..v.i?l ay, throughoutiho ooiiir. ry, \ n a,l the more important eilicn aiiil or^auiizin^ subsidiary com minxes in each. tSou;otl(in<^ can -ti 1 Ik- i i) til is direction, and un'<.Miincliiin^ is dune, the vtiluo of ; '.ten iinwley'ii services to tlie conlenniul vviil not be :i)>j?iwent.? Exchange. <HC' ??? 'I Si >nu con filling people ) Vn .'ij |>Io woman in . . I I' ! IlilllillKlll over j'.r, , !i :y <viHs' worlii of fruit, lull, i bo :i41?K'il lual ftlio'.s UfOlllld j ; I? y t.'iirl) Monday morning.