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I I . 61 VOL. _V._ _ _ __ ___ _ IDEVOTBD~ TO POLITIC 1, MOIRALTY, X-D1UCATIOX A.ND -r0 TF 1N~A NEETO IECINh -O. EICKEig C,,, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1875. O Arrangements for the Centennial. Th'e Act of Congress which Provi ed for "celebrating the one hundre Anniversary of American Indepe dence, by holding an Internation Exhibition of Arts, Manufacturc and product of the Soil and Mine authorized the creation of the Unit< States Centennial Cornmission, at entrusted to it the management the exhibition. This body is cor posed of two commissioners fro bach State-and Territory, nominatu by the respective Governors, at coniissioned by the President of tl United States. The enterprise, ther fore, is distinctly a nationalone, at not, as has sometimes boen state the work of private corporation. The exhibition will be opened < Mal0th, 1816, and. remaip .op( every day, except Sunday, until N .veber 10th. There will be a-f;x( )rice of 50 cents for admission to 0 the buildings aid grounds. The Centenniai gi ounds are situate '6n the western bank of the Schuy kill River, and within Fairmno Park, the largest public park 'proximity to a great city in the wor and one of the most beautiful in ta country. The Park contains 31( ates, 450 of which have beeti etcl ed fur the exhibition. Besides th tract, there will be large yards nef by for the exhibition of stock, and farm of 42 acres has already bee suitably planted for the tests )loughs, Illowers, reapers; and oth( agricultural machinery. The exhibition buildings are al p-roached by eight lines of streot ca which connect with all the' other lin( in the city. and by the Pennysivan and Reading railroads over the tracI ot which trains will also ruli from 11 North Punnys!vania and Philade phi, Wilmington, and Bahlimii railroads. Thus the exhibition is immediate connection witij the entii railroad system of the country, ar any one within 90 miles of.Philade phia can visit at no greater cost thu that of carriage hire at the Paris Vienna Exhibitions. The articles to be exhibited has been classified im seven department wlich', for the most part, will be b cated in appropriate buildings whoi several acres ar e as follows: DEPARTMENT. DLD'NQ. ACR'8 001 I:Miing & Metallurgy, I 2. Manufacturcs, ~ .M. Building. 21. 8. Education & Science,) 4. Art, Art Gallery, 1.. 6. Machinery, M. Building 14. Ed. A gri culture, A. Building 10. 7. Horticulture, H. Building 1. Total,... .. .. .. .. .. .. ..48. This provides nearly ten mnoi acres for exhibiting space t han thei were at Vienna, the largest interi tional exhibition yet held. Yet i applications of exhibitors have bec 80 numerous as to exh'ust thie spac and many imp)ortant classes8 of' ol jects must be provided for in speci hbuild ings. .An impllortant special exhibitic will be made by the United Stat Government, and is b)eing prepart under' the supervisi)n of a Board Officers rep)resenting t he several e: ecutive departments of the Goverm mont. A fine building of 4j acres provided for the purpose, space which will be occupied by the Wa Treasury, Navy, Interior, Postoflic and Agricultural departments at the Smithsonian Institution. The Women's Centeniial Exec tive Committee, hav e raised .$30,0( for the erection of a pavilion in whic to exhibit every kind of women work. To this collection, wvo men all nations are expected to conti bute. The list of special building is co stantly increasing, and priesenIt in~ cations are that their total numb will he f romn 200 to 250. Most of t important foreign nations--Englani Germany, Austria, Fr ance, Swedt Egypt, Japan and others-are pu tinr up oneo or more atructnrnasnna for ahibiting purposes,! or for the - use of the commissioners, exhibitors 1p th an- visitoro. Offices and headquar. N tere of this kind, usually of c6nsIderps a 1 able architectural beauty, are provid- w Pw a ed by the States. of Pennyelvania, of Ohio, Iidiana, l1linois, Michigan, pi New Jersey, New York, Connecticut g d Massachusetts, Now Hampshire, t0 Missouri, Itansas, Virginia, West t of Virginia, Nevada, Wisconsin, Iowa, n< I- and Deloware; and it is likely that m otlIers will follow the enample. - te d A number of trade and industrial ti4 d associations, which require large a- pl mounts of space, will be provided bi for in special buildings. Among b d these are the photographers, the car. of ,riage builders, the glass makers, the of cracker bakers, the boot and shoe m monufocturers, beside, quite a num- F< ber of individual exhibitors. The j great demands for space will proba. Q d bly render this course necessary to a pl considerable extent, especially for ex- p ld hibitors who have been tardy in ma, p, king their applications. In the main N exhibition building, for example, 333,- S( 300 squire feet of space had been of applied for by the beginning of Oc- gV tober by American exhibitors only; N 0 whereas, the aggregate space which St it has boon possible to reserve for the fa United States Department, is only pl 10,000) square feet, about one thid () a of which will be onsumed by pasm ni sage ways. ta . The iachii.ery buildingr like the nc otIers, is fully covered by applica- 0 tions. There are about 1000 Amer,. ul ican exhibitors in this department, ci 150 English, and 150 from other Eu'- A ropean cou t ics--wh ich is about 250 st< nore than entered the Vienna Ma- A chinery Exhibition. Extra provisi-in M is being made for annexes to accom Tj modato the hydraulic machinery, the p< eiteain liamniers, forges, hoisting ens ji( gines, boilers, plumbers, carpenters, L etc. SC d Power in the machinery hall will gr be chiefly supplid by a pair of mon- m ster Crliss Engines. Each cylinder is 40 inches in dliamneter, with a stroke of ten feot; the fly wheel is 31 PC efeet indiameter, and weighs 55 tons; wc thehore pweris 1400; and the 1 number of boilers is 20. This engine di drives about a mile of shafting. For the art of exhibition, the eminent American artists are unders . stood to be at work, and it may be r confidenu,y stated that, especially in i the department of landscape painting the United States will present a finer display than the public has been led a .. to expect. Quite aside from the tihe contributions of American artists, ap m -e plications from abroad call for more t, .e than tour times the exhibiting space thi afforded by the great Memorial Hall. XE e Provisions for the surplus will be hf nI made in temporary fire proof build-, ra 0, ings, though all exhibiting nations TI )will be represented in the central cc iart gallery. Sh The Secretary of the Navy has ar, sU n ranged that a United States war ves.. a s sel shall call next Spring, at con- a d venient, European ports, to collect )f and tr'ansp)ort hither to the exh ibi, -tion the works of American artists ei resident in Europe. Among t he th is ports thuns far designated, ar'e South fiu m ampton for England,~ Havre for di r', France, Bremen for Germany, and- hi c, Leghorn for Italy, to which, if desir, Pi ~d able, others may be added. 11 Mr. Boll the eminent English ~ -sculptor, who designed the groups for af )0 tihe plinth for tihe great Albert Me hi murial n Ilyde Park, London, is re~ a8 producing in terra cotta, at tile cele- n of brated works in Lambeth, th~e One bi iwhich symbolizes America. The figures in this group are colosal, coy g r.ering a ground space of 15 feet square vi iIt will probably be placed in the er great central gallery, opposite the 10 princip)al entrance al d, The Art Exhibition will include, in at n, addition to the works of contempora-- fo t'' ry artists, representative productiona fr these for inetanco, of Stuart, 4 tTrumbull', West, Alston, Sn eagle, Elliot,'Cole. Thce, as v the works offered by living-arti ill be passed upon by the commit selection, who will visit for irpose, New York, Boston, Chi >, Aid other loading cities, in or< prevent the needless transpor >i to Pbiladelphia of works of I >t up to the standard of admissioi A largs number of orders and f rnities have signified their int< n-to hold gatherings at Philad lia during the period of the ex tion. Among thcse which ir enumerated, are the Grand Loc pennyslvania, Independent 01< Odd Follows, the Grand Encan: 0nt, Independent Order of 0 31lows, Grand Ldge, United Stat dependent Order of Odd Felk rand Conimandery Knights Te ars; Grand Army of the Repub resbyteriau Synod; Caledonian C1 yrlaud Mechanic Blues; We ational Eistedfodd; Patriotic Ort ms of America; California Z>ual San Francisco; an International I tta; the Life Insurance Compani ational Board of Underwrite ate Agricultural Society; 2nd J ntry, N. G. of California; Philad iia Conferene, Methodist Episcol iurch; Cincinn-tti Society; Califi a Pioneer Society; American D I Convention; Catholic Total AbE n3ce Union of A merica; Independi rder of l'nai Berith: National nni Association; Salesmen's As ittion; 5th Maryland Regimne mnerican Ponulogical Society; IM er's A esociat ion of the Uni ted Stal rmy tf the Cumberland; lumbo onunient Association; Board ade Convention; Internatior.al 'I >graphical Congres.; Rifle Assoc )n of the United States; Centenn .gion; Philadelphia County Mdi ciety; International Medical G ess; O'd Volunteer Fire Depa 1it of Puiladelphia. A meeting of soveral gentlemen winted on the Centennial Comnmissi as held at holmes' Lyceum in Ci ston, on Friday evening. So soussion took place on the proj ode of proceeding to organize1 iuth Carolina part of the exhibiti resolution was adopted to issue [dress to the people of the State lation to the matter.: Nothing o aus definitely determined upon, It seems a pity that so fino an c >rtunity to give this scheme a fav< he lmpulso as the late fair here v it taken advantage of. A gr< arny products and articles of a d iotivo character were on exhibiti at wvould have graced the centenni 0 suppo that five hundred co' yev been sorted out, p)roculred, nged and held ready for shipme xis opportunity is lost, it wvill mec again. Besides, the comm ncrs might have felt the pulse. c< itod with r'epresentative men, lb a programme and given the wh push forward. But it~ was not do Columbia Register. .an article on the President oction, the New York Sun says ti e next campaign will be largely tenced by the character of the ce dates. The elections of this y< weo made a terrible slaughter of. rants. The editor fancies that1 mre at the head of each tickot v rn out to be one not now mt oken of. At all events, accordi the precedents, the man wvho ccessful at the ballot boxes is pre re to bo one whose prcensions hi yt been hawked around the count it some fresh, unobjectionab!o, iiring name that may be taken rohand as in some sort prosagi ctory. A mammoth steer' from Oregon r'eady en route to the Centennial ands nineteen hands, or six I ur inches, measures twenty f omn tip to tip, and wveighms 5,( annda. . outh Carolina Ind igppi. Ily, Fe1l The Washington Capital says that ate$ Mis-sissippi is to be congratulated, for too lo is Oico more a free State. Wnhats over sorrow or joy the variofis results CR of the recent election may carry to cliques and parties, tho final omanci ior pation of Mississippi from the rulo of ta.- the carpet bagger may bo regarded as k rt a national blessing. To Mr. Lamar 1- moro than any other man the country ra- is indebted for the rehabilitation of mn- this 6tate. With the constitution in lel one hand and the olive branch in the hi. other, he has not the Radicals of the ay South and th4 Radicals of the North; Igo ho has by precopt and example taught for his own people the lesson of patience P. and long suffering; he has labored dd earnestly, conscien tiously and success, es, fully to restrain tho fiery natures of' . his constituonts, and has kept them ' from deeds of violence under the most lic provobing treatmont, WhosO occasion c al commission has heretofore givon lab their onomis some colorablo grounds for tho assertion that Mississippi is Per the least law abiding State in tho re3 country. Tho white men of Mississip Io- pi declined to enter into combinations es; with either the carpet bagger or the rs; nogro politician. They bided their [ns time and endured wrongs at the hands cl, of their former slaves and men who >al came from the North with no other aim than to fatten upon their sub stance, oppross them and malign them. At last tho negro himself mt aroso to some appreciation of tho situ ation; tho more intelligent cast their 30" political lot with thoso whitO men whoso interests were identical with nt; their own, and another year will see this grit State striding on to pros es; poriLY Idt The case of Mississippi is the caso of of South Carolina. South Carolinians y- havd thesame mot.vo for throwing off ia- the yoke of tho spoiler, and the Lord ial ot Hosts will give them a leader. cal Thore are men in South Carolina just n- as able and just as patriotic as Mr. r Lamar, and they must come to the front in the next campaign. EXPERIENCE TEAcIIET--W clip onl the following from the Texas New ,Yorker, and ask our farmers t cut it me out put it in aomo p)lace where they >c may see it once a week, or, better, Je commit it to memory. It is the ads 0)vice of an old man who tilled the Boil an thirty years: in I am an old man, upward of three Ise score years, during two scores of which I have been a tiller of the soil. I canntot say that I am rich now, but Ih have been rich, and have all .E need; do not owe a dollar; have given my f5children a good education, and when I am called away will leave them on enough to keep the wolf away from 'athe door. My experience has taught dme that: 1. One acre of land, wvell p)rep)ared and manurec, and well cultivated, t,produces more than two acres wh ch receive only the same amount of ma, nure andl labor used on one. ed 2. One cow, horse, mulo, sheop 01' oehog, well fed, is more pr'ofitablo than two kept on the same amount of food necessary to keep one well. 3. One acre of clover or grass is alworth moro than two acres of cotton where no grass or clover is r'aised. - 4. No farmer wvho buys oats, corn, nwheat, fodder and boy, as a rule, for rtoescn keep the shcriff from the as- door in the end. ho Tx STATE FAT.--WO rcgret that ilour State Fair' came so near beCing a ch failure. The Columbia UnionslIerald 8 says: The agricultural and mechan is ical State Fair of 1875 is a thing of It the past. It is not a pleasant duty vo to acknowledge that it has not been ry, a success--the reason why, becomes n-l the duty of the directors, officers and bo' members to discover. The prospec, ng ive aid from the State Legislature the commencement of the secon-I .cen tury', and the fact that so accom.. iplished and gallant a gentleman as It Colonel Tfom Taylor is its president oct should, and 'p'robably will, sitimulate eet the socety to new exertions and )OO0 greater successes than any achieved in the past. EaYPT AP TRE CENTRNNFAt-Egy it would appear from all accounts preparing for a brilliatt shq* at < Contonnial exhibition. Over two li dred persons will bo sont over, a thoso will include representatives every department of nalivo life; th4 will be a band of genuino Bedou from Arabia Potron; the reproson tive animals of the county, includi canels, and dromedaries, 'will be < hibited; water from the Nile and I Sea will bo brought over in tan and the primitive processes of irric tion and cultivation will bo expait and illustratod with native agrim tural inplemielnt the ma1nufactur and antiquities of the country will fully representold; learned scribes i exhibit tho process of writing in Ai bic on parchment; merchants a husbandimon will exhibit the produ of town and country, while the in rior life will be illustrated in det soldiers will disp!ay tho uniform the Turkish army; an Arabic ba> will perform the national music; a what will be of more intorest than to the crowd, a troop of dancing gi will illustrato tho recreations and versitics of the harom. A marvelk show it will be, indeed. INCIDENTS IN GEoRGETOWN. Monday last tho grand jury of Goor town county found ton indictimc which were brought in against the li County Commissioners, James Lesseno (colored), Honry Joy a1 I. 0. Bush, for malfeasanco in ofli To theso indictments they plo)a( guilty. 'I he grand jury found t bills against Lhe present County Cc Mnissioners, J. Harvey Jones, Jos( Bush and C. Rutledge, for offi, misconduct; also true bille for : against W. H. (Red-hot) Jones, J. Jones, and fifteen others. SEED WHEAT.-A bushel of pAu wheat will contain about 650,4 grains, which it sown upon an acre ground, will give nearly fifteen gra to every nine squaro inches. I oV4 grain sown should grow (and % should it not if it is perfect and p porly sown?) there would 1)0 one ph to every square of three inches; plants in fact, would stand upon ground exactly three inches apart One peck of seed sown equally o an acre wvould leave the plants inches apart, wvhich would be too th for a heavy crop. Two quarts of a per acre, p)laced at even distan< would give one plant to every f< and if they should tiller, and spr as the wheat plant often does, crop would be thick enough upon ground. An English farmer, Mr HLallot, has sown wheat even m thinly than this, and has reapled o sixty bushels of choice, plump gr to the acre. Thus it is not the quz tity of seed sown, but the kind of s< and the manner of sowing it ui which the crop depends. Recdficld, of the CJincinnatti Cc morcial, saysi of the Mississippi oh ion: The result is astonishing. I wo not have believed that so many < ored peopio could have been got vote the D)emocratic ticket as I h seen do it here to day. No force of violence or intimidat was emp)loyed. I watched for1 closely, and had the assistance of other par'ty, but we jointly and ses ally failed to discover' anything t could ho properly called intimidati What is the result? To night , Jackson, the feeling betwcon the cos is better than it has been in so years. The D)emocrats have carn the county arnd the Stato, and overflowing with praise for their "S ored friands,'' who voted with th~ Respectfully recommended to attention of those who disagroo y Sam Patch that some things can done as wecll as oters. Soft hats have once more come faivor with gentlemen. rThey arn more sensible head gear than hard stove p)ipes, which, for' some discoverable reason, are generally posed to impart dignity to their w ,1 s prospoecting tto Prosidtattal 'fel, yorf thus speaksi mn.- Of all the JEastctn Democratia as' nd pirants, Payard, of Dolawar, i the of mostl honorable for his h?gh tone and )re spotless charactor. Ito 145 a gentle.. ins man of tho very first order. It would ta- bo a blessing to the nation to have in ng the Prosdential chair so pure a mart, x- so clevated a stat esman. But in this ed day ofavuilibility thoro will not bo ks8, wanting obstacles to his nomination. a- Illis Stato is so Smal1 that when ho is ed set up, the question will be raised as ul- to how much strength he can bring 8rs with im1. And then "Lit.4o Dela," bo in br robes of whito and her lovely 'ill charm%, will be brought forth and will 'a- bo admired of all men; but they will nd Say sho is so potitc, 0o delicato, se c,ts can't stand the rough usage of a ca+-* te- paign, and can't give her son a send lil; oil' that will carry him far on the of track. 11(1 in addition to this, wo fear Senator Ad, Bayard too mnch "wears his koart all upon his ielcOvo" and fins too litto rls command of his eloquonce. T.ho;e is di- no such good luck as having him fbr )us President. The very fact of his hav-a ing won tho Soutliarn heartis almost tantamount to frightoning the North on orn pocket book -we bog pardon, the go- northern soul, wo should have said. ito LoUsv1i,T,F. Nov. 18.-The Na M. tional Grange convened. All tLe rid States and torritorics except two woro cc. represonted. The report of the Exoou-v lod tivo Committeo was discussed. In 11o regard to the busness of tho differont In- agencios, the report says, 801110 cities )ph are doing a very largo business and 'ial have in the aggrogato millions of dol iot lars, while in other respeocts they ae 11. unsatisfactory and fall short of tho bonefics which ought to ie realised. Tho commission system of orders to said to bo falso in theory and unjust )00 to membort and therefore, in .te o f minds of the committee, anothel' me ins thod of selling is deomed necossatry for the good of the order. Suel a by system the committoo begs leavo to, nsubmit plans of at a future day and is osatisfied will moot w'th general ap. pri loval. In conclusion tihe committoo recommends the employment of' loc., rturers to canvass the country and .make known the true aim and objects ik of' the order, thereby correting tho aed .wrong impressions which now exist esin tile minds of many worihy people ~ot' concerning the Patrons of IIusbandry. 3ad Mis JuliA JACK~soN.--One of. te most touching incidents of tho day, was the action of a batlIescarred veteran, who had followed Jack.oa Dre vor from the br'eaking out of the war to nthe end of' his car'eer. Hie told Dr. _Hogo that lie wanited the privilege of aed~ kissing Jackson's only child, to whick ,n b->th Airs Jackson anid tile daughter consented. Thme old veteran kissed the b)lushinmg ch ihq, and departed, sat m,1 ilfied that the prIivilege he had en. cC- joyedl was "glory enough for one dary.'- ltichmnond Letter' to Lynch 01, to Wo0irn Tisfro - Save theO tea av leaves for a few days, then steep ..them in a tin pail or pan for half an Inhour , strain through a sciv~e and use his thec liquid to wash all varnished paint. r,.It requires ve ry little 'elbow polish,' a,as ihe tea acts as a strong detergent, on. clanig hepinlt from all impuris 5,ties, and1 makiing the varnish eqnal to r'fl ne~w. It cleains windIow sashes and on I (lot bi; i ndeed, any varnish surtace -id is liprrO I by its app)lication. It are wasuhes windo14 w panes and mirrors sol., inuch beer than water, and is ex .cellent for cleansing black walnut the picture and( lo king glass frames. It rith will riot do to wash unvarnished be paints wvith it. A fashionabho wvoman's clothes nto weighl t wenty four' pounds, exciusivo a of hat, far's and rbbers, while a mass the ourtta hardly goes over fifteen pounds, not This0 is a free counltry, however, and rup, anyv woman i.s at bberty to carry as ar- much as a mule cfan draw, if she wants' to.