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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, November 25, 1875, Image 1

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VOL. _V._ _ _ __ ___ _
Arrangements for the Centennial.
Th'e Act of Congress which Provi
ed for "celebrating the one hundre
Anniversary of American Indepe
dence, by holding an Internation
Exhibition of Arts, Manufacturc
and product of the Soil and Mine
authorized the creation of the Unit<
States Centennial Cornmission, at
entrusted to it the management
the exhibition. This body is cor
posed of two commissioners fro
bach State-and Territory, nominatu
by the respective Governors, at
coniissioned by the President of tl
United States. The enterprise, ther
fore, is distinctly a nationalone, at
not, as has sometimes boen state
the work of private corporation.
The exhibition will be opened <
Mal0th, 1816, and. remaip .op(
every day, except Sunday, until N
.veber 10th. There will be a-f;x(
)rice of 50 cents for admission to 0
the buildings aid grounds.
The Centenniai gi ounds are situate
'6n the western bank of the Schuy
kill River, and within Fairmno
Park, the largest public park
'proximity to a great city in the wor
and one of the most beautiful in ta
country. The Park contains 31(
ates, 450 of which have beeti etcl
ed fur the exhibition. Besides th
tract, there will be large yards nef
by for the exhibition of stock, and
farm of 42 acres has already bee
suitably planted for the tests
)loughs, Illowers, reapers; and oth(
agricultural machinery.
The exhibition buildings are al
p-roached by eight lines of streot ca
which connect with all the' other lin(
in the city. and by the Pennysivan
and Reading railroads over the tracI
ot which trains will also ruli from 11
North Punnys!vania and Philade
phi, Wilmington, and Bahlimii
railroads. Thus the exhibition is
immediate connection witij the entii
railroad system of the country, ar
any one within 90 miles of.Philade
phia can visit at no greater cost thu
that of carriage hire at the Paris
Vienna Exhibitions.
The articles to be exhibited has
been classified im seven department
wlich', for the most part, will be b
cated in appropriate buildings whoi
several acres ar e as follows:
I:Miing & Metallurgy, I
2. Manufacturcs, ~ .M. Building. 21.
8. Education & Science,)
4. Art, Art Gallery, 1..
6. Machinery, M. Building 14.
Ed. A gri culture, A. Building 10.
7. Horticulture, H. Building 1.
Total,... .. .. .. .. .. .. ..48.
This provides nearly ten mnoi
acres for exhibiting space t han thei
were at Vienna, the largest interi
tional exhibition yet held. Yet i
applications of exhibitors have bec
80 numerous as to exh'ust thie spac
and many imp)ortant classes8 of' ol
jects must be provided for in speci
hbuild ings.
.An impllortant special exhibitic
will be made by the United Stat
Government, and is b)eing prepart
under' the supervisi)n of a Board
Officers rep)resenting t he several e:
ecutive departments of the Goverm
mont. A fine building of 4j acres
provided for the purpose, space
which will be occupied by the Wa
Treasury, Navy, Interior, Postoflic
and Agricultural departments at
the Smithsonian Institution.
The Women's Centeniial Exec
tive Committee, hav e raised .$30,0(
for the erection of a pavilion in whic
to exhibit every kind of women
work. To this collection, wvo men
all nations are expected to conti
The list of special building is co
stantly increasing, and priesenIt in~
cations are that their total numb
will he f romn 200 to 250. Most of t
important foreign nations--Englani
Germany, Austria, Fr ance, Swedt
Egypt, Japan and others-are pu
tinr up oneo or more atructnrnasnna
for ahibiting purposes,! or for the -
use of the commissioners, exhibitors 1p
th an- visitoro. Offices and headquar. N
tere of this kind, usually of c6nsIderps a
1 able architectural beauty, are provid- w
a ed by the States. of Pennyelvania, of
Ohio, Iidiana, l1linois, Michigan, pi
New Jersey, New York, Connecticut g
d Massachusetts, Now Hampshire, t0
Missouri, Itansas, Virginia, West t
of Virginia, Nevada, Wisconsin, Iowa, n<
I- and Deloware; and it is likely that
m otlIers will follow the enample. - te
d A number of trade and industrial ti4
d associations, which require large a- pl
mounts of space, will be provided bi
for in special buildings. Among b
d these are the photographers, the car. of
,riage builders, the glass makers, the of
cracker bakers, the boot and shoe m
monufocturers, beside, quite a num- F<
ber of individual exhibitors. The j
great demands for space will proba. Q
d bly render this course necessary to a pl
considerable extent, especially for ex- p
ld hibitors who have been tardy in ma, p,
king their applications. In the main N
exhibition building, for example, 333,- S(
300 squire feet of space had been of
applied for by the beginning of Oc- gV
tober by American exhibitors only; N
0 whereas, the aggregate space which St
it has boon possible to reserve for the fa
United States Department, is only pl
10,000) square feet, about one thid ()
a of which will be onsumed by pasm ni
sage ways. ta
. The iachii.ery buildingr like the nc
otIers, is fully covered by applica- 0
tions. There are about 1000 Amer,. ul
ican exhibitors in this department, ci
150 English, and 150 from other Eu'- A
ropean cou t ics--wh ich is about 250 st<
nore than entered the Vienna Ma- A
chinery Exhibition. Extra provisi-in M
is being made for annexes to accom Tj
modato the hydraulic machinery, the p<
eiteain liamniers, forges, hoisting ens ji(
gines, boilers, plumbers, carpenters, L
etc. SC
d Power in the machinery hall will gr
be chiefly supplid by a pair of mon- m
ster Crliss Engines. Each cylinder
is 40 inches in dliamneter, with a
stroke of ten feot; the fly wheel is 31 PC
efeet indiameter, and weighs 55 tons; wc
thehore pweris 1400; and the 1
number of boilers is 20. This engine di
drives about a mile of shafting.
For the art of exhibition, the
eminent American artists are unders
. stood to be at work, and it may be r
confidenu,y stated that, especially in
i the department of landscape painting
the United States will present a finer
display than the public has been led a
.. to expect. Quite aside from the tihe
contributions of American artists, ap m
-e plications from abroad call for more t,
.e than tour times the exhibiting space thi
afforded by the great Memorial Hall. XE
e Provisions for the surplus will be hf
nI made in temporary fire proof build-, ra
0, ings, though all exhibiting nations TI
)will be represented in the central cc
iart gallery. Sh
The Secretary of the Navy has ar, sU
n ranged that a United States war ves..
s sel shall call next Spring, at con- a
d venient, European ports, to collect
)f and tr'ansp)ort hither to the exh ibi,
-tion the works of American artists ei
resident in Europe. Among t he th
is ports thuns far designated, ar'e South fiu
m ampton for England,~ Havre for di
r', France, Bremen for Germany, and- hi
c, Leghorn for Italy, to which, if desir, Pi
~d able, others may be added. 11
Mr. Boll the eminent English ~
-sculptor, who designed the groups for af
)0 tihe plinth for tihe great Albert Me
hi murial n Ilyde Park, London, is re~
a8 producing in terra cotta, at tile cele- n
of brated works in Lambeth, th~e One bi
iwhich symbolizes America. The
figures in this group are colosal, coy g
r.ering a ground space of 15 feet square vi
iIt will probably be placed in the
er great central gallery, opposite the
10 princip)al entrance al
d, The Art Exhibition will include, in at
n, addition to the works of contempora-- fo
t'' ry artists, representative productiona fr
these for inetanco, of Stuart, 4
tTrumbull', West, Alston, Sn
eagle, Elliot,'Cole. Thce, as v
the works offered by living-arti
ill be passed upon by the commit
selection, who will visit for
irpose, New York, Boston, Chi
>, Aid other loading cities, in or<
prevent the needless transpor
>i to Pbiladelphia of works of I
>t up to the standard of admissioi
A largs number of orders and f
rnities have signified their int<
n-to hold gatherings at Philad
lia during the period of the ex
tion. Among thcse which ir
enumerated, are the Grand Loc
pennyslvania, Independent 01<
Odd Follows, the Grand Encan:
0nt, Independent Order of 0
31lows, Grand Ldge, United Stat
dependent Order of Odd Felk
rand Conimandery Knights Te
ars; Grand Army of the Repub
resbyteriau Synod; Caledonian C1
yrlaud Mechanic Blues; We
ational Eistedfodd; Patriotic Ort
ms of America; California Z>ual
San Francisco; an International I
tta; the Life Insurance Compani
ational Board of Underwrite
ate Agricultural Society; 2nd J
ntry, N. G. of California; Philad
iia Conferene, Methodist Episcol
iurch; Cincinn-tti Society; Califi
a Pioneer Society; American D
I Convention; Catholic Total AbE
n3ce Union of A merica; Independi
rder of l'nai Berith: National
nni Association; Salesmen's As
ittion; 5th Maryland Regimne
mnerican Ponulogical Society; IM
er's A esociat ion of the Uni ted Stal
rmy tf the Cumberland; lumbo
onunient Association; Board
ade Convention; Internatior.al 'I
>graphical Congres.; Rifle Assoc
)n of the United States; Centenn
.gion; Philadelphia County Mdi
ciety; International Medical G
ess; O'd Volunteer Fire Depa
1it of Puiladelphia.
A meeting of soveral gentlemen
winted on the Centennial Comnmissi
as held at holmes' Lyceum in Ci
ston, on Friday evening. So
soussion took place on the proj
ode of proceeding to organize1
iuth Carolina part of the exhibiti
resolution was adopted to issue
[dress to the people of the State
lation to the matter.: Nothing o
aus definitely determined upon,
It seems a pity that so fino an c
>rtunity to give this scheme a fav<
he lmpulso as the late fair here v
it taken advantage of. A gr<
arny products and articles of a d
iotivo character were on exhibiti
at wvould have graced the centenni
0 suppo that five hundred co'
yev been sorted out, p)roculred,
nged and held ready for shipme
xis opportunity is lost, it wvill
mec again. Besides, the comm
ncrs might have felt the pulse. c<
itod with r'epresentative men, lb
a programme and given the wh
push forward. But it~ was not do
Columbia Register.
.an article on the President
oction, the New York Sun says ti
e next campaign will be largely
tenced by the character of the ce
dates. The elections of this y<
weo made a terrible slaughter of.
rants. The editor fancies that1
mre at the head of each tickot v
rn out to be one not now mt
oken of. At all events, accordi
the precedents, the man wvho
ccessful at the ballot boxes is pre
re to bo one whose prcensions hi
yt been hawked around the count
it some fresh, unobjectionab!o,
iiring name that may be taken
rohand as in some sort prosagi
A mammoth steer' from Oregon
r'eady en route to the Centennial
ands nineteen hands, or six I
ur inches, measures twenty f
omn tip to tip, and wveighms 5,(
. outh Carolina Ind igppi.
Fe1l The Washington Capital says that
ate$ Mis-sissippi is to be congratulated, for
too lo is Oico more a free State. Wnhats
over sorrow or joy the variofis results
CR of the recent election may carry to
cliques and parties, tho final omanci
ior pation of Mississippi from the rulo of
ta.- the carpet bagger may bo regarded as
k rt a national blessing. To Mr. Lamar
1- moro than any other man the country
ra- is indebted for the rehabilitation of
mn- this 6tate. With the constitution in
lel one hand and the olive branch in the
hi. other, he has not the Radicals of the
ay South and th4 Radicals of the North;
Igo ho has by precopt and example taught
for his own people the lesson of patience
P. and long suffering; he has labored
dd earnestly, conscien tiously and success,
es, fully to restrain tho fiery natures of'
. his constituonts, and has kept them
' from deeds of violence under the most
lic provobing treatmont, WhosO occasion
c al commission has heretofore givon
lab their onomis some colorablo grounds
for tho assertion that Mississippi is
Per the least law abiding State in tho
re3 country. Tho white men of Mississip
Io- pi declined to enter into combinations
es; with either the carpet bagger or the
rs; nogro politician. They bided their
[ns time and endured wrongs at the hands
cl, of their former slaves and men who
>al came from the North with no other
aim than to fatten upon their sub
stance, oppross them and malign
them. At last tho negro himself
mt aroso to some appreciation of tho situ
ation; tho more intelligent cast their
30" political lot with thoso whitO men
whoso interests were identical with
nt; their own, and another year will see
this grit State striding on to pros
es; poriLY
Idt The case of Mississippi is the caso
of of South Carolina. South Carolinians
y- havd thesame mot.vo for throwing off
ia- the yoke of tho spoiler, and the Lord
ial ot Hosts will give them a leader.
cal Thore are men in South Carolina just
n- as able and just as patriotic as Mr.
r Lamar, and they must come to the
front in the next campaign.
onl the following from the Texas New
,Yorker, and ask our farmers t cut it
me out put it in aomo p)lace where they
>c may see it once a week, or, better,
Je commit it to memory. It is the ads
0)vice of an old man who tilled the Boil
an thirty years:
in I am an old man, upward of three
Ise score years, during two scores of
which I have been a tiller of the soil.
I canntot say that I am rich now, but
Ih have been rich, and have all .E need;
do not owe a dollar; have given my
f5children a good education, and when
I am called away will leave them
on enough to keep the wolf away from
'athe door. My experience has taught
dme that:
1. One acre of land, wvell p)rep)ared
and manurec, and well cultivated,
t,produces more than two acres wh ch
receive only the same amount of ma,
nure andl labor used on one.
ed 2. One cow, horse, mulo, sheop 01'
oehog, well fed, is more pr'ofitablo than
two kept on the same amount of food
necessary to keep one well.
3. One acre of clover or grass is
alworth moro than two acres of cotton
where no grass or clover is r'aised.
- 4. No farmer wvho buys oats, corn,
nwheat, fodder and boy, as a rule, for
rtoescn keep the shcriff from the
as- door in the end.
ho Tx STATE FAT.--WO rcgret that
ilour State Fair' came so near beCing a
ch failure. The Columbia UnionslIerald
8 says: The agricultural and mechan
is ical State Fair of 1875 is a thing of
It the past. It is not a pleasant duty
vo to acknowledge that it has not been
ry, a success--the reason why, becomes
n-l the duty of the directors, officers and
bo' members to discover. The prospec,
ng ive aid from the State Legislature
the commencement of the secon-I
.cen tury', and the fact that so accom..
iplished and gallant a gentleman as
It Colonel Tfom Taylor is its president
oct should, and 'p'robably will, sitimulate
eet the socety to new exertions and
)OO0 greater successes than any achieved
in the past.
it would appear from all accounts
preparing for a brilliatt shq* at <
Contonnial exhibition. Over two li
dred persons will bo sont over, a
thoso will include representatives
every department of nalivo life; th4
will be a band of genuino Bedou
from Arabia Potron; the reproson
tive animals of the county, includi
canels, and dromedaries, 'will be <
hibited; water from the Nile and I
Sea will bo brought over in tan
and the primitive processes of irric
tion and cultivation will bo expait
and illustratod with native agrim
tural inplemielnt the ma1nufactur
and antiquities of the country will
fully representold; learned scribes i
exhibit tho process of writing in Ai
bic on parchment; merchants a
husbandimon will exhibit the produ
of town and country, while the in
rior life will be illustrated in det
soldiers will disp!ay tho uniform
the Turkish army; an Arabic ba>
will perform the national music; a
what will be of more intorest than
to the crowd, a troop of dancing gi
will illustrato tho recreations and
versitics of the harom. A marvelk
show it will be, indeed.
Monday last tho grand jury of Goor
town county found ton indictimc
which were brought in against the li
County Commissioners, James
Lesseno (colored), Honry Joy a1
I. 0. Bush, for malfeasanco in ofli
To theso indictments they plo)a(
guilty. 'I he grand jury found t
bills against Lhe present County Cc
Mnissioners, J. Harvey Jones, Jos(
Bush and C. Rutledge, for offi,
misconduct; also true bille for :
against W. H. (Red-hot) Jones, J.
Jones, and fifteen others.
SEED WHEAT.-A bushel of pAu
wheat will contain about 650,4
grains, which it sown upon an acre
ground, will give nearly fifteen gra
to every nine squaro inches. I oV4
grain sown should grow (and %
should it not if it is perfect and p
porly sown?) there would 1)0 one ph
to every square of three inches;
plants in fact, would stand upon
ground exactly three inches apart
One peck of seed sown equally o
an acre wvould leave the plants
inches apart, wvhich would be too th
for a heavy crop. Two quarts of a
per acre, p)laced at even distan<
would give one plant to every f<
and if they should tiller, and spr
as the wheat plant often does,
crop would be thick enough upon
ground. An English farmer, Mr
HLallot, has sown wheat even m
thinly than this, and has reapled o
sixty bushels of choice, plump gr
to the acre. Thus it is not the quz
tity of seed sown, but the kind of s<
and the manner of sowing it ui
which the crop depends.
Recdficld, of the CJincinnatti Cc
morcial, saysi of the Mississippi oh
The result is astonishing. I wo
not have believed that so many <
ored peopio could have been got
vote the D)emocratic ticket as I h
seen do it here to day.
No force of violence or intimidat
was emp)loyed. I watched for1
closely, and had the assistance of
other par'ty, but we jointly and ses
ally failed to discover' anything t
could ho properly called intimidati
What is the result? To night ,
Jackson, the feeling betwcon the
cos is better than it has been in so
years. The D)emocrats have carn
the county arnd the Stato, and
overflowing with praise for their "S
ored friands,'' who voted with th~
Respectfully recommended to
attention of those who disagroo y
Sam Patch that some things can
done as wecll as oters.
Soft hats have once more come
faivor with gentlemen. rThey arn
more sensible head gear than
hard stove p)ipes, which, for' some
discoverable reason, are generally
posed to impart dignity to their w
,1 s prospoecting tto Prosidtattal 'fel,
yorf thus speaksi
mn.- Of all the JEastctn Democratia as'
nd pirants, Payard, of Dolawar, i the
of mostl honorable for his h?gh tone and
)re spotless charactor. Ito 145 a gentle..
ins man of tho very first order. It would
ta- bo a blessing to the nation to have in
ng the Prosdential chair so pure a mart,
x- so clevated a stat esman. But in this
ed day ofavuilibility thoro will not bo
ks8, wanting obstacles to his nomination.
a- Illis Stato is so Smal1 that when ho is
ed set up, the question will be raised as
ul- to how much strength he can bring
8rs with im1. And then "Lit.4o Dela,"
bo in br robes of whito and her lovely
'ill charm%, will be brought forth and will
'a- bo admired of all men; but they will
nd Say sho is so potitc, 0o delicato, se
c,ts can't stand the rough usage of a ca+-*
te- paign, and can't give her son a send
lil; oil' that will carry him far on the
of track.
11(1 in addition to this, wo fear Senator
Ad, Bayard too mnch "wears his koart
all upon his ielcOvo" and fins too litto
rls command of his eloquonce. T.ho;e is
di- no such good luck as having him fbr
)us President. The very fact of his hav-a
ing won tho Soutliarn heartis almost
tantamount to frightoning the North
on orn pocket book -we bog pardon, the
go- northern soul, wo should have said.
ito LoUsv1i,T,F. Nov. 18.-The Na
M. tional Grange convened. All tLe
rid States and torritorics except two woro
cc. represonted. The report of the Exoou-v
lod tivo Committeo was discussed. In
11o regard to the busness of tho differont
In- agencios, the report says, 801110 cities
)ph are doing a very largo business and
'ial have in the aggrogato millions of dol
iot lars, while in other respeocts they ae
11. unsatisfactory and fall short of tho
bonefics which ought to ie realised.
Tho commission system of orders to
said to bo falso in theory and unjust
)00 to membort and therefore, in .te
o f minds of the committee, anothel' me
thod of selling is deomed necossatry
for the good of the order. Suel a
system the committoo begs leavo to,
nsubmit plans of at a future day and is
osatisfied will moot w'th general ap.
pri loval. In conclusion tihe committoo
recommends the employment of' loc.,
rturers to canvass the country and
.make known the true aim and objects
ik of' the order, thereby correting tho
aed .wrong impressions which now exist
esin tile minds of many worihy people
~ot' concerning the Patrons of IIusbandry.
3ad Mis JuliA JACK~soN.--One of. te
most touching incidents of tho day,
was the action of a batlIescarred
veteran, who had followed Jack.oa
vor from the br'eaking out of the war to
nthe end of' his car'eer. Hie told Dr.
_Hogo that lie wanited the privilege of
aed~ kissing Jackson's only child, to whick
,n b->th Airs Jackson anid tile daughter
consented. Thme old veteran kissed
the b)lushinmg ch ihq, and departed, sat
m,1 ilfied that the prIivilege he had en.
cC- joyedl was "glory enough for one
dary.'- ltichmnond Letter' to Lynch
to Wo0irn Tisfro - Save theO tea
av leaves for a few days, then steep
..them in a tin pail or pan for half an
Inhour , strain through a sciv~e and use
his thec liquid to wash all varnished paint.
r,.It requires ve ry little 'elbow polish,'
a,as ihe tea acts as a strong detergent,
on. clanig hepinlt from all impuris
5,ties, and1 makiing the varnish eqnal to
r'fl ne~w. It cleains windIow sashes and
on I (lot bi; i ndeed, any varnish surtace
-id is liprrO I by its app)lication. It
are wasuhes windo14 w panes and mirrors
sol., inuch beer than water, and is ex
.cellent for cleansing black walnut
the picture and( lo king glass frames. It
rith will riot do to wash unvarnished
be paints wvith it.
A fashionabho wvoman's clothes
nto weighl t wenty four' pounds, exciusivo
a of hat, far's and rbbers, while a mass
the ourtta hardly goes over fifteen pounds,
not This0 is a free counltry, however, and
rup, anyv woman i.s at bberty to carry as
ar- much as a mule cfan draw, if she wants'

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