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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OE THE COUNTRY. '
> t > - j VOL. V PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 25, IS75. NO.lSa Arrangements for the CentennialTho Act of Congress which provided for "celebrating the ono hnndroth f Anniversary of Americnn Indepeti donco, by holding an International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures, and products of tho Soil and Mine." authorized tho Jnn nf tlm FTnlKwl Stfttca Centennial Commission, and entrusted to it tlio management of tho exhibition. This body t is composed of two commissioners from each State and Territory, nominated by tho respective Governors, and commissioned by the President of the ^ United States. The enterprise, therefore, i6 distinctly a national one, and not, as has sometimes boon stated the work of private corporation. The exhibition will b<^ opened on May 10th, 187G, and Remain opoti ? cvory day, except Sunday, until Novombor 10th. There will bo a fixed price of 50 cents for admission to all the buildings and grounds. Tl.nnnnf,.....:... 1 !. - 1 jLuvvoiuciiiiim giuuuui) ciru BIUUUOll 6ri tlio wcetorn bank of tho Schuyl kill River, and within Fairmont Park, tho largest public park in proximity to a groat city in tho world and ono of tho most beautiful in the t country. Tho Park contains 3100 acres, 450 of which have boon or.closod for tho exhibition. Besides this tract, there will bo largo yards near by for the exhibition of stock, and a farm of 42 jiptok hn? nli-n.xli. ?* I/uv;II suitably planted for the tests of ploughs, mowers, reapers; and other Agricultural mucliinery. The exhibition buildings are apj'ronched by eight lines of street ears which connect with all the othor lines in (he citv and hv tho P?nmvrKmhiin i / * V w. .?.! ? and Reading railroads over the tracks of which trains will also run from the North Pennysivania. and Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore railroads. Thus tho exhibition is in immediate connection with the entire railroad system of the country, and ^ any one within 90 miles of Philadel piiia can visit at 110 greater cost than that of carriage liiro at the l*?iris or Vienna Exhibitions. The aitielcs to be exhibited have been classified in seven departments, which, lor the most part, will bo located in appropriate buildings whose several acres ureas follows: D rti'AKTMKNT. DLD'Na. AOR'S OOV'O r. Alining & Metallurgy, ) 1. Manufactures, V M, Building. 21.47 3. Education & Wcience, J 4. Art, Art Gallery, 1.5 6. Machinery, M. Building 11. <5. Agri oullurc, A. Building 10. 7. Horticulture, 1!. lluililing 1.5 Total, . . . 4H.17 Tliia provides nearly ten more i * > - uv/i go iui ua III Ul ll ll|^ bJlilCO I ! 1 fl! I uioro were at Vienna, the largest interna1 tiumil exhibition yet hold. Yet the applications of exhibitors havo boon so numerous as to exhaust tho space, and many important cl isdes of objects must bo provided lor in special buildings. An important snccial exhibition will bo mado by tho United Suites Government, and is being prepared . under tho supervision of a Board of Officers representing the several oxocutive departments of tho Government. A fino building of <1^ agios in provided for tho purpose, space in which will bo occupied by the War, Treasury, Navy, Interior, IWolTico, nml Agricultural departments and the Smithsonian Institution. iMio Women's Centennial Exoci tivo Committee, havo raised .$.30,000 lor the erection of a pavilion in which | to exhibit evory kind of women's work. To this collection, women of all nations aro expected to contris butc. Tho list of epocial building i? constantly increasing, and present indi cations ftfo that tlioir total number will he troin 200 to 250. Most of the important foreign nations?England, Germany, Austria, France, Sweden, Egypt, Japan and others?aio put* ting up ono or more structures each' for exhibiting purposes,^ or for tho uho of tho commissioners, oxhibitors and visitors. Ofticcs and headquarters of this kind, usually ot considers ? \. 1 l ; 4 i * nuiu iwunuecinrai oeauty, arc provided by tho States of Ponnyslvaniu Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Now Jcreov, Now York, Connecticut Massachusetts, New Hampshire, i Missouri,. Kansas, Virginia, West Virginia, Nevada, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Deloware; and it is likely that others will follow the cnamplo. A ------- 1 * ' * * iv unmoor oi trade and industrial associations, which require largo amounts of epaco, will bo provided fur in special buildings. Among these aro the photographers,"tho car? riago builders, tho glass makers, the cracker' bakers, tho boot and shoo monufacturers, beside, quite a nam uer or individual exhibitors. Tho great demands for spaco will probably render this courso necessary to a considerable extent, especially for exhibitors wbo have been tardy in making tlioir applications. In tho main exhibition building, for examplo, 333,300 square leet of spaco had been applied for by the beginning of October liV A tnin'ipnn n v li i l?i . ?J ?... .MW. IVMII VAIIIUHUin V1JIJ J whereas, tho aggrcgato space which it litis boon possible to rosorvo for tho United States Department, ia only 100,000 square feet, about ono third of which will be consumed by pas* ^nge ways. The machinery building, like tho others, is fully covered bv annlien? r *J II " lions. Tlioro arc about 1000 American exhibitors in this department 150 English, and 150 from otlior Eli'* ropeau countiies?which in about 250 inure than entered the Vienna Machinery Exhibition. Extra proviei n is bein# made for annexes to accom inousi'o me hydraulic machinery, tIto steam hammers, forges, hoisting ons gines, boilers, plumbers, carpenters, etn Power in tho machinery hull will he chiefly eupplid by u pair of mon^ ster Corliss Engines. JCueli cylinder is 10 inches in diameter, with a stroke of ten feet; tho fly wheel is 31 fi?r?h in ?1 itini <?(<>! niirl ivniidio KK vw Vdtiuiiwivi ^ niiu M V/I^nvj i/u i v/111" J tlio liorso power is 1-J00; and tlio number ul' boilors id 20. This engine drives about a miloof shading. For the art of exhibition, tlio eminent American ariisis tuo undorstood to bo nt work, and it may bo confidently elated that, especially in uie aeparunont 01 iftiiU6C!i|>o painting tho United Stated will present a finer display than the public has been led to expect. Quite aside from tho the contributions of American artists, ap plications from abroad call for more than lour times the exhibiting space afforded bv tho great Memorial Hall. Prnvitdnna for tlio kiumiIiim will bn made in temporary fire proof build"* ifigs, though nil exhibiting nations will bo represented in the central art gallery. Tho Secretary of the Navy has ar? ranged that a United States war vessel shall call next Spring, at convenient, European ports, to collect and transport hither to the cxhibif Sad t lm u-avI/q r\ A moi'Innn o n^Jofn %1V#II t ?? \ ' 1 I\IJ V* i 1 IHV;I I Vy C? I I (U VIOID resident in Europe. Among tho ports tiilis far designated, aro South ampton for England, llavro for Franco, Bremen for Gormany, and I -ghorn for Italy, to which, if desirable, others may ho added. Air. I?ell tho eminent English sculptor, who designed the groups for tho plinth for the groat Albert Memorial n Ilydo Park, London, is ro? producing in terra cotta, at the celo brated works in Lainbeth, the ono which symbolized America. The figures in this group aro eolosal, cov ering a ground spaco of 15 t'ect sqnnro It will probably bo placod in the groat central gallery, opposito tho i .ri tis>i i >nl i>ti t I'linen jr. | IIVI | v?" * *?M VV The Art Exhibition will include, in addition to tho works of contemporary artists, representative productions of tho past century ut American art ?thceo for instanco, of Stuart, Coploy, Trumbull, West^ Alston, Sully, Neaglo, Elliot, Colo. These, as well ns tho works ofleroil by living artists, will ? - " - .. .i. i'iioovju iijjuii i>y mo coinimuuo of selection, who will visit for the pnrpoeo, Now York, Boston, Chicago, and other leading cities, in order to prevent the needless transportation to Philadelphia of works of Art not up to tho standard ol admission. A largo number of orders and fratni'nitina * 1- - ' 4 .ui uiviuo u(i > v? pij^usinju nieir iiiiciition to hold gatherings at Philadel phia during the period of the exhibition. Among those which may bo enumerated, aro the Grand Lodge oi ponny6lvania, Independent Oidor of Odd Follows, the Grand Encamps mum, jLiiuoponuonc uruer of Udd Fellows, Grand Lodgo, United States, Independent Order ol Odd Fellow; Grand Commandory Knights Tom plars; Grand Army of tlio Republic; Presbyterian Synod; Caledonian 01nl> Porland Mechanic Blues; Welsh National Eistodfodd; Patriotic Order Sono of America; California* Z maves otban JL'ranciscojan international Regatta; the Life Insurance Companies; National Board of Underwriters; Stato Agricultural Society; 2nd In*? fantry, N. G. of California; Pliiladols phia Conterene, Methodist Episcopal Church; Cincinnatti Society; California Pioneer Society; American Don. tal Convention; Catholic Total Abstinence Union of America; Independent Order of i? nai Deriiii: National Al uuu.i Association; Salesmen's Assos ciation; 5th Maryland Regiment; American Pomologicid Society; Mai ster'a At-stciaiion <.1 thcUnited States; Army < 1" the Cumberland; Humboldt Monument Association; Board of Trade Convouiion; International Typographical Congress; Rifle At-sucialion of tlie United States; Centennial Legion; Philadelphia County Medicu' Society; International Medical Con gross; Old Volunteer Fire Depart inont of I'nihulelphia. ? <ae> ?? ?? A meeting of several gentlemen ap> pointed on tiio Centennial Commission was held at Holmes'Lyceum in Charleston, on Friday evening. Some discussion took place on tho proper mode of proeeoding to organize the South Carolina part of tho exhibition A resolution was adopted to issue an address to the people ox i/no otuto in rotation to Llui innUm*" "NTnil.inr* ?le? - ? & was definitoly dotorminod upon, It seems a pity that so lino an opporlunity#to give this scheme a Cavort iiblo ImpulBO as the lato fair hero was not taken advantage of. A great many products and articles of a distinctive character were on exhibition that would have graced the centonnial. Wo suppeso that livo hundred could havo boon soiled out, procured, arranged and hold ready for shipment'L'his opportunity is lost. It will not como again. JJesidos, tho commis?sioners might have lolt tho pulse, consulted with representative men, fixed up a programme and given tho whole a push forward, liut it was not done. ?Columbia Register. ? ? m - In an articlo on tho Presidential | olection, tho New York Sun says that the noxt campaign will bo largely in fluonccd by tlio charactor of tho can didates. Tho oloctions of this year liavo nut do a terrible slaughter of an* pirants. Tho editor lancion that tho namo at tho head of each ticket will turn out to ho one not, now much spokon of. At nil events, according to tho precedents, tho man who is successful 1 at the ballot boxes is pretty euro to ho one whose pretensions have not been hawked around the country, but somo fresh, unobjoctionablo, inI flnirimr iinnm I lint- tv?fi*r l>/\ * v vwi?v tnitj UV HUM. II l/W* forohand as in boitio sort prosaging victory. A mammoth stcor from Oregon is already en route to the Centennial It stands nineteen hands, or six leet tour inehoe, moasures twenty feet i !??*!.v * ! ? ? ' ? ' '' ^ a a j 11 win ..(> IU uy, iiiiu a/JUU I pOUUlle. a. .^LiUTrrr South Carolina and Mississippi. Tho Washington Capital flays that Mississippi is to bo congratulated, for .sho ia once inoro a frco State. What** over sorrow or joy tho various results of tlio roccnt election may carry to cliqucs and parlies, tho final emancipation of Mississippi from tlio rule of the carpet bagger may bo regarded as a national blessing. To Mr. Lamar more than any othor man tho country is indebted for tlio rehabilitation ol this Stato. With tho constitution in 0110 hand and tho olivo branch in tho oilier, ho has mot tho Radicals of the South and tho Radicals of Iho North; ho has by procoptand oxamplc taught his own pcoplo the lesson of pationco and long suffering; ho has labored earnestly, conscientiously and euccossit.. <~ - 'i - iiiuj tkj luairuiii mo 11 cry natures 01 his constituents, ft nil has kept them from ilccds of violonco under tho most provoking treatment, whoso occasional commission lias horotoforo given thoir enemies sonio colorablo grounds for tlio assertion that Mississippi is tho least law abiding Stato in tho country. The whito men of Mississip pi ucuuncu Looniov into combinations with either the carpot baggor or the nogro politician. They bided their timo and endured wrongs at tho hands of their former slaves and men who came from tho North with no other aim than to latton upon their substance, oppress them and malign thorn. At last tho negro himself arose to some appreciation of Iho situation; tho more intelligent cast their political lot with those whito men whoso interests were identical with their own, and another year will sco this great State striding on to prosperity. Tho cttso of Mississippi is tho case of South Carolina. South Carolinians have tho same motiva i'or throwing ofl' i Lho yoko o( tlio spoiler, ami tlio Lord ol Hosts will givo thorn a loader.? There are men in South Carolina just as able and just as patriotic as Mr. Lamar, and they must come to tlio front in the next campaign. Exim:hiknck Thaciietii.? Wo clip tlio following Iroin tlio Toxas JSTow Vorlcer, and ask our farmers t) cut it out put it in some placo wlioro they may soo it onco a weolc. or. Iiof.tnr com in it i I to memory. It i.s tho advico of an old man who tilled the soil thirty years: 1 am an eld man, upward of three flcoro yoars, during two scorca of which J have boon a tillor of tho soil. I cannot say that I am rich now, hut I havo been rich, and havo all I need; do not owe a dollar; havo given my childronfi fund r>f 111 r>n I mwl if o " ) " * " 1 am callcd away will leavo thorn enough to koop tho wolf away from iho door. iMy oxpcrienco has taught mo that: 1. Ono aero of land, well prcpntcd and manuroc, and well cultivated, produces mori> than two ncroa wh ch receive only tho samo amount of ma*. unround labor used 011 one. 'J. One cow, horse, inn! , sheep or bog, well fed, is more profitablo than two kept on tlie sumo amount of food necessary to keep one well. J5. One ncro of clover or grass is worth in or 0 than two acres of cotton wliero no grass or clover is raised. 4. JSTo larinor who buys oats, corn, wheat, fodder and hay, as a rule, for ton years oan keep tho sheriff from the door in tho ond. Tiik Statu I1'a 1 it.? Wo rogrot that our Stale Kail- eaino so near being a failure, Tlio Columbia Uniou^llorald says: Tho agricultural and mechanical State Fair of ISTf) is a thing of tho past. It is not a pleasant duly lo acknowledge that it has not been a success?the reason why, becomes the duty ol tho directors, officers and mombors to discover. Tho m'osnoc* live aid from tho Stato Logislaturo, tho commoncomcnl o( tho second eontury, and tho fact that so accotn~ plishod and gallant a gentleman as Colonel Tom Taylor i.s its president, should, and probably will, nitinyilnto | tho fioc'oty to now exertions and [greater successes than any achieved I in tho past. , - a>j;...ajui-a lljl 1 Egypt at the Cjsntenniai.?Egypt, it would appoar from all acoonnts, \? preparing for a brilliant show at our Contonnial exhibition. Over two hundred pornons v;ill bo Kent over, and llieso will include representatives of every department of nalivo life; tlicro will 1)0 a burn! of genuino Bedouins (rom Arabia Potion; the rcprcsonintivo animals of (bo county, including camels, and dromedaries, will be exhibited; water from tbc 2s'ilc and Red Sea will bo brought over in tanks, and tbc primitivo processes of irrigation and cultivation wijj bo explained and illustrated witb native agricultural implements! tbo manufacturers and antiquities oi'the country will bo fully represented; learned scribes will exhibit tlio process of writing in Arabic on parchmcnl; merchants and husbandmen will cxhibu <.!. j iv o<hicts of town and country, whilo the into nor mo will bo illustrated in detail; soldiers will display tho uniform of tho Turkish army; an Arabic band will perform tho national music; and, what will bo of moro intcrosi than all to tho crowd, a troop of dancing girls will i11 listrato tho recreations and diversities of tho haroui. A marvellous show it will be, indeed. Incidents in Georgetown.?On Monday last tho grand jury ofCleorgotown cont>ty found ton indictincnts, which woro brought in against tho Into County Commissioners, James M. Lossono (colored), Henry Joy and R. O. Illish. for mjilfimssinno in To these indictments they plcndcti guilty. '1 lio grand jury found true biils against tlio present County Commissioners, J. Ilnrvoy Jones, Joseph Bush and C. lluticdgo, lor official misconduct; also true bills for riot against W. II. (Red-hot) Jones, J. 11. -ii ouuto, iinu niiugii ui/iiurs. Skkd Wheat.?A hushoi of plump wheat will contain about 050,000 grains, which it sown upon an aero ol ground, will givo nearly fifteen grains to every nine squaro inches. Ifovoiy grain sown should grow (and why should it not if it is pcrfect and properly sown!') tlioro would ho one plant to every square of tlireo inches; tlio plants in fact, would stand upon the ground exactly three inches apart.? One peck ot seod sown equally over an sicro would loavo tho nlants six inches apart, which would ho too thick (or a heavy crop. Two quarts ofscod per aero, placed at even distances, would give ono plant to every foot> and if they should tiller, and spread as the wheat plant often docs, the crop would ho thiolc enough upon the ground. An English farmer, Major lhillot, has sown wheat even more thinly than this, and lias roapod over sixty bushols of choico, plump grain to the acre. Thus it i.s not the quantity of seed sown, but tho kind of seed and tho manner of sowing it upon which tho crop depends. Ilodfiold, of tho Cincinnalti Commercial, nays of tho AI ississippi olection: Tho result i.s astonishing. I would iioi nuvo uoncvou tiiat so many colored poojilo could have boon got to vote tho Democratic ticket as 1 have seen do it here to day. ]STo ibrco of violenco or intimidation was employed. 1 watched for this closely, and had tho assistance.of another party, but wo jointly and severally failed to discover anything that could ho properly called intimidation. What is the result? To nitrhl. in Jsielcnon, llio fooling between the va? con in boiler tluin il bus boen in seven years. The J )omocratn havo carried tbo county and tho Slate, and are overflowing with praiso for their "coU orod frianilfi," who voted with thornRoHjiectlully recommended to the attention of tlio.so who disagree with O M - ? ' ' * * * oiiin JLmen mai some mingy can bo dono as well as oters. Soil lulls havo onco more comu ink favor with gontlomou Thoy aro i moro sensible head gear limn tin hard stovo pipes, which, for soino no discoverable reason, aro generally sup I posed to imparl dignity to Liioir vvoarold. IM W IfWftf Bayakd.?Tho Richmond DiflpftWll prospecting tho Presidential fioidi t.hoK spoaks: Of all tho Eastern Doniocratio aspirants, Bayard, of Dolavrare, fa tho most honorable for his high tono and spotless charactor. Ho is a gentle* man of Iho vory first ordor. It would ho a blossing to tho nation to have in ; iho Presidential chair so puro a man, bo elevated a statesman, lint in this day of avuilibilily there will not bo wanting obstacles to his nomination. I ! ' n msmaiotb ho small that wlion ho in set up, I ho question will be raided as to how much strength ho can bring with him. And then ''Little Dola," in her robes ol while ami her lovely charms, will he brought forth and will bo admired of all men; but they will say she is so potilo, so dclicato, bIio can't stand tho rough usage of a campaign, and can't give her son a Bond off that will carry him far on tho track. i i.i? ?- < ' in iiuuiuuii mis, wo ioar oonator Bayard loo much "wears Ins heart upon hia sleovo" and has too little command of hit* cloqucnco. Tho: e in no such good luck as having him for President. Tho very fact of his lmring won Iho Southearn heart is almost tantamount to frightening tho Northern pockot book ?wo beg pardon, tho northern soul, wo should have said. >CJ>* Loui.svirxK, Nov. 18.?Tho Na tional (.trailgo convoncd. All tho States and territories except two woro represented. The report of tho Executive Committee was discussed. In regard to the busness of the difforont Agencies, iho report says, eomo cities arc doing a very largo businoss nivl have in the aggregate millions of doling ? 'i tiiiuu in ubuui lunjiuuts biiuy ?ru unsatisfactory and fall short of tho bonefUs which ought to ho roalizod. The commission system of ordors fs eaid to bo false in theory and unjust to members and thcrcforo, in tho minds el the committee, another method of Belling is deemed noceseary for tho good of the order. Such a system the eommitioo begs lcavo to submit plans of at a future day and fs satisfied will meet with gonernl ap* proval. In conclusion tho committeo recommends tho employment of loc* turers to canvass tho country and make known tho true aim and objoctn of tho order, thereby eorrccting ibo wrong impressions which now oxifit in the minds of many worthy people concerning tbo Patrons of Husbandry. Miss Julia Jackson.?One of tho most touching incidents ot tho day, was the action of a, battle scarred veteran, who had followed Jackson from the breaking out of tho war to iho end of his career, lie tuld Dr? llo^e that he wanted the privilege cf kissing Jackaon'a only child, to which bjth Mis Jackson and the daughter consented. Tho old veteran kissed the blushing child, and departed, eat i^nuii 111 m ino privilege no naa enjoyed was* "glory enough for ono day."?Richmond hotter to Lynch? burg News. <4l> Woutii Tkstinu ?Save tbo tea leaves for a lew days, then stoop tliem in a tin pail or pan for bali ati hour, strain through a seivo and uso tlie liquid to wash all varnished paint. It requires very little "elbow polish/ as I ho tea nets as a strong detergent, cleansing tlio paint from nil impurit iieR, and making the varnish equal to j new. It clcmirt window sashes and oil cloth; indeed, any varnish eurlaco is imprrovo I l>y itb application. It washes window panes and mirrors much better than water, and is excellent tor cleansing black walnut picture and lo king glass frames. It will nut do to wa?h unvarnished paints with it. A fashionable woman's clothes > weigh twenty four |>oimkIh, cxchsHivo i of hat, (ui'H ami rubhoi'H, whilo a nmns ! outfit har<lly gor.s over (ifltion pounds. ( 'I'lna iu i Iron Oiiiiul Imvu/nr ai* nn/l ?" ?* ' ' ' "IllllrlJ, IM/IIVf VI) MIIU - any woman m at, lil?oi (y to carry as - much as a tnulu uan draw, if slio wants t?>. I