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THE PICKENS SENTINEL.
DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY. VOL. V. ElC&ENS, S. 0., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1875. NO. 15. _ _ ?i ? Proposed Amendments* Son a tor Cochran, of Anderson, has writton a lotlor in which ho proposes certain amendments, ol wlrch the following is a brief outlino. 1. Fix constitutionally tho public debt as is now fixed by legislative enactment. 2. ltosist tho powora of tho logisla luro ior lovying taxes aiul making appropriations. Itoquiro such to bo Bpocific and not to oxcoed a given amount for any fiscal year. 8. Mako the logislativo sessions bionnial, and change tho day of meeting to tho second Tuesday in January. Make tho pay of legislators 8800 for a eossion of thirty days, 8700 for forty days, SGOO for sixty days, and $500 for a longor timo. 4. llcstrict tho tho courts to two terms for each county, annually, res sorving to tho judgos tho right to call special tonus for session business only. Also provido that court bo held at seasons reasonably convonient for tho pooplo. 5. i'rovido that oach county shall lio roprosonted in proportion to tho ratio of votes actually polled at its nlnf*tinna t l?n nnmluu? l?r?tnnnn?? to oxcooil that shown by its connus to bo qualifiod to voto. G, Allow no Govornor, Stato ofHeor orjudgo to bo absont from his post, oxcopt in very low and special eases, or by loavo of tho Legislature. 7. It should bo provided that no jibraon holding oflico should bo clliglo to any other otlleo during tho timo for > ^hich ho was olcctod. 8. Allow iho Uovornor to vetoscctionsofany bill for tho oxpcndituro of monoy or tho croation of a debt withs "Out prejudico to tho rost. 9. Provcnt tho (Joncral Assembly" from passing any bill or special law, or from granting any poworor privileges that can be provided for by a I..... I ' - ? gvnviiii iin> j ur h iiuiu i/uu nuuris can bo mndo competent to grant tho ro~ lftf asked for. ^40- Rcquiro that taxes bo uniform upon tho samo class of properly of Hubjcct, but allow tho Legislature to authorize a tax by license on peddlers, auctioneers, brokers, merchants, profiW.sions, showmen, liquor dealers, toll bridges and l'orrios. insurniu-n nom? panics, tolegraph and express oftices, railroad intorestor business, traveling agents or venders, and all persons or corporations owning or using franchise, ?(c. 11. Forbid tho Legislature to audit or to allow any private claims against tho Stato. 12. Emoower tho "Lofrialntnro In t # O | ~ provont any unjust discrimination in freight on railroads, in tho Stale, as botwoon way Stations and tho tormini of tho road. 13. Roquiro Stato officers to mako their reports wilhing three days aftor tho mooting of tho General Assembly, on pain ofjinstant romoval from ofllco. 14. Ivet no ono ollegiblo to a Stato oftino whn IvflQ Iwmii o !?'* State fivo yonrg, or to a county oflico who has not rofiidcd within such county as a citizen lor ono your immediately prcccdini; his election or appointment. 15. Provido that all phospbatn royalties and otner sourcos of rovonuo to i!:o Hiate, other tliaa taxes levied by the Genoral Assombly, bo Hot apart for freo school purposes. 10. No Stato or county officer should bo allowed to hold hisofiloomoro than four out of ovcry six consccutivo years. < 17. Define more cloarly tho powers and duties of the Lieutenant Governor and provide for cumulative voting or minority representation. 18. l?cduco the number of State's (tlliirirlla' Iftt OAnnli.ia ?-v.nr |Ka!? VVU..V.vr> U.?U WWII troasurors, auditors, &C. Lot tho Logislaturo fix for oaoh county tlio maximum salary to bo paid to ouch officor, allowing tho countios tho right to rcduco tho amount to suit thomBolyos. 10. Mako taxos for Stato purposes directly on tho countios; a irivon a mount for cach apecilic purposo, nam- j oil in dollars, instead of mills, and basod upon tho auditors roport?. 20. i'rovido that no branch of tho 9tato OJovornmont shall contract any fcnoidontat or continent anconnts. Uc<firiro tho Legislature to aniiclpato all oxpensoB of government by a levy and appropriation specifically mado. 21. I'rovido that convict labor shall ho utlll/.od on all public works, fitato tftul county, or on railroads, guarded by appropriate and humano laws. 22. Fix tho legal raloof interest at sovOn por oont. and rcquiro tho legislature to pass such laws as will, in f;onoral prevent tho collection of a argor amount. 2!J. .I'jrotoct and oncourago tho rais*. ing of sheep by empowering tho Legislaturo to lovy a special tax on dous. 24. licftl ontftto should bo ftssenaod annually. ' 2f). Should forbid any officcr from depositing school, count}' or court funds outsido tho county to which it belongs, unions thoro bo no bank of good standing in such county. Should nlno rcquiro tho St>?to Treasurer to do^ posit all tax monoy to tho specific account lor which it wftfl lovicd and cuuucieu, tho samo to bo drawn upon only in payment ot such specific appropriations. Should provido that no State oHiecr should sorvo on any hoard, committoo or commission. County Commissioners should bo required to apportion tho tax levied and collected lgr county purposes boforo mo samo is collected, which shall constitute a specific fund for various county and court purposes. And, provide that commissioners of elec-< tion should bo oloc'.ed by tho Uoncral Assembly. .? tm ^ tm rr rp ? / < iiiiuii XX.UM.?11 urani is tno only man who can Icoop tho country out of tho hands of tho Democratic party it is high timo the country was in tho hands of that party. Whonovor tho timo comos that thoro is but one citizen of tho republic capablo of tho Chiof Magistracy, it is not worth wh'lo to talk of saving tho country, for it is already lost. Thosn who am fawning upon tho Prcsidont, and scok-* ing to fostor in him an ambition to porpctuato himself in tho oflico to which ho was advanced, and which has not gained in glory from his accession, aro oither downright, incorrigible fools, or they aro rascals, and ircaciiorous to tlio cause of Republicanism. Toleration cannot bo bad in this country for military "saviors of socioty." Tbo country is bettor than ils fame, purer tban its administration, groater than its servants; and if wo aro not mifitiiknn tlm Umviiiiinnn party itself will bo lound amplo for tlio extinction of Grantism. If it is not, tho tunc will have arrived when, in tho competition of blundering, tho Republicans will exceed the Democrats, and perversity pass away from power.?Cincinnati Commercial. Pay Your PastorAs the year is drawing to a close, and as yon arc making arrangements to pay your teachers, physicians, merchants and others, do not forgot your obligations to pay him who, during I It A tfAll II 4 C 1\ *w? 4 ? 1 ^ ? - - * 11iv j\>ih, mif iiiuiiMtei'i.'n 10 you in spiritual tilings.This debt is equals iy biiiviing with others, and yon can not, with ft clear conscienco, noglect or refuso to discharge it. You say "tho times are hard, and I cannot pay only what I ani obliged to." Your obligations, then, arc legally, and not morally binding aro they? Supposo tho times aro hard with you, who liavo been blossod with good crops, now much harder aro they with your ministor who relies ontiroly for a support upon tho honor of thoso for whom ho has labored? And if you pay not him, how is ho to pay thoso who have furnished him and his famiiy with supplies during tho year.? Perhaps you are roady to say, "Let I. ADA tli l? A ?"? <"? "1*1" *- ? 1 * . - I 1/iiudu n hu jiiij uuiu pn.y lih: proaonor, but havo tno cxcuacd, for it is all that I can do to support mysolf." Why not offer tlio same cxcuso in regard to your teacher,physician, and others? When you joined tho church, did you not take upon yoursoll tho obligation to do your duty? And is it not your duty to do your wart in bunuortinf? V W ?. 11 O tho gospol? JIavo you nnd yout family been benefited by tlio man whom you havo rocoivod a.s your pas*? tor, and who has labored for your good through heat ami through cold, and not satisfied to give 110 equivalent lor tho bonofit rocoivod? Is it right, in it just, to pay liiin nothing; and can you bo a christian, and hopo to got to hoavon, whilo living in willful nogloct of a plain, positivo and roasoiiablo duty? Call your wifo and children around you, and sottlo thcso questions i and this mailer be tore your proachor loaves liis work. If you honobl'y think that tho gospel should bo furn*? ishod you for nothing, j'ou are in iho wrong pow?Iho Hard shell in tho church for you. 4 ? ? Kj'Autanhijkw, Dec. 2.?A numbar of Convicts oflcnpocl from thoatockado on tho Spartanburg and Ashovillu Railroad, on Tuosdny night. Homo liavo been captured near YVollford^nd othors arc skulking through Groonvillo and Laurona countios. A liberal rovayd will bo paid for thoir capturo. Sketch of Vice-President Wilson's LifeHenry Wilson was born at Farmington, N. II., February 10, 18112, and uiou in iuo uapitol building at Wash* ington, Novombor 22, 1875, in tho Bixty-fiflh year of his a^o. Tho iinmcdiato oauso of his death was apoplexy. Like Andrew Johnson, his Oarly lifo was a strugglo with povs orty. Tho lives ot both men illusx trato tho aphorism that there is no royal road to learning. Thoso two men were about the Maine ago. Tboy were both poor and unlettered, and bad no oarly advantages whatovor.? Mr. Johnson was a tailor and Mr. Wilson a shoomaker. Both had pluck, filini'ffr nml nliit.inn ntnl inrlnoti.tr F3J ^"1 """ "J .I.VAUUVIJT and hard study tlicy succeed in the struggle for lifo and obtained placo and proferment, both filling tho high, est political positions in tho gift of t.ho Amorican people. Tho history of tllCSO nion should nrnvn nn i nnnn^ tivo to all young men who havo a desiro to study and improve thornSol VC8, At ton 3'oars of ago Henry Wilso" was appronticod to si farmer in tho town of Farmington, with whom ho remained for olovnn vnnva ? ? . J . - ? * this tiino ho road everything that camo within hit* reach, so great was his thirst for reading. Obtaining ac~ cess to a pnvato library, ho read, while an appronticc by, 0110 thousand ..^.1 ? a i t > v ui u imjct, nub LilKlliJ^ tllllU 111)111 1113 work hours, but rending sometimes by firelight, sometimes by moonlight at night, ami on Sunday afternoons. At Iho a^o of twenty ono ho went to Natick, Massachusetts, walking and carrying liis pack, and hi rod himself i j : 11 i . i _ i i * iu u BiiuuiiitiKur mi iiu iiud learned 111 o trado. After working at it two years, lie placed his money in the hand^bf a person in trust and began to study again. Lotting his earnings by tho i'ailuro ol this person, he returned to Natielc and pursued his trade. Soon alter this he cntored polities riQ n Wln<f < nl.'iiuf *?? it'n nmd 5 " " Ol 'O vw.v u ... tlio Harrison campaign. From this time ho bccamo a prominent fignro in Stato and National politics, being electcd to both branches of Iho Stato Legislature repeatedly. From this j cntranco into politics bo became one oftbo most earnest, steadfast. and uncompromising iocs to slavery that that institution ovor had. IIo established a daily paper, tho Boston Jio-. publican, in tlio intorcst of Free Soilism, withdraw both from tho Amori> can and Whig party beoauso thoy f a !ni i.-. a ont i_olnttAi?tr vn ;(' livu \/Kf 1 IIVV/I |'UI i?bV tVIIl/1 OliVl \J I J * U"? solulions in their platforms, and was tho author ami defender of tho rcso?* I it Lion in tho Massachusetts Legislaturo which declared tho unalterable opposition of thai Stato to tho institution. Having been President of the Stato Senate twico, and of several largo conventions in tho intorest of Froo Soilisrn, ho was elected in 1855 to succeed TJ*.I I T.,',7T?:i. l C'1.1 UUIIII1U UVUIUIK iin UHlkUU OLllliUM Sonator from Massachusetts, and signalized 11ia ontranco there by a re.io^ lution for tbo ropoal of tho fugitivo slave law. J [is spcech against Mr. Brooks, of South Carolina, for attacks : ai.. -?.i i.s~ ?..i IM^ 1*11. milllllUl, illlU 111N FW UOUl|llUII 1/ refusal to accept Mr. Brooks' challenge to light a duol on tho ground that ho did not believe in dueling, but did bcliovo in tho right of solf defense, are matters of history. During tho war of sceossion tho testimony of Mr. Camoron, the Secretary of War, was that "No man in tho whole country had dono tuoro to aid tlio War Do-? partinont in preparing tlio might army now tuulor arms." Altor the war Mr, Wilson wan nominated and olcctod Vico Prosidonl in General GranL'h hccoiuI Presidential campaign. "Thoro may bo such n thing an lovo at first sight," romarUod a Detroit girl as who twisted a "Iriz" along Die curling iron, "but I don't boliovo in it. There's Fred, I saw him a hundred times before I loved him. In faro, f should not havo fallen in lovo when 1 did, if his iathor hadn't givon him that house and lot." Tho Handwriting of Great Men. Tho Duko of Wellington's writing i i :ui- ?;?i- ? v? <10 mrgu unu loruioie, Willi IIo !ll> tornpt at decoration. During tho last ton years c( his lifo, howovcr, his writing was indifferent and oltcn illegible. None but a compositor in l a newspaper ofiico, accustomed to all sorts ol hioroglyphice, could possibly decipher the characters. A letter ol his to a minister in Lord Derby's cabinet has not to this day been nnj ravelled. Nino out of every ten of the Duko's lottors treasured by au tograpli Itmiters were written l>y his secretary, Mr. Grevillo, who wiote a hand very much like that of the Duke in his beat days. Lord Brougham's hand betrayod much nnconquerablo restlessness ol impulse, His manuscript was a mass ot hierofflvnhicst and according hi CJ 1/ i t D Dr. Ulcnkisnop, in all Mr. Clowo'a extensive printing establishment in London, there was only ono man competent to gi apple with it, and ho often gave up in despair. Lord Palmerston wrote a loose, froo hand, nioro definite in execution than Disraeli's. Lord Aberdeen wrote a prccieo and beautiful letter, betraying neitlior passion nor inipnleo. The bold and careless freedom of Bryon'a handwriting, coinparod to tho elegant little prottinosa of Tom More's, reveals very clearly tho po i: ^lii!? *i.~ ?. * - - uuiuw ui uiu iwu gruiu poorg Tlio elegant precision of Ileman's penmanship and t lie free hut clear and elligiblo abandon of L. E. Landon'a, wore equally characteristic of their mental peculiarities. Tho royal family of England have generally writlen good, clear and frco hand. William IV wroto a "remark ably plain and loyi'olo hand, ami that ot his brother George was showy and fluent. Queen Victoria has an elegant signature. Locko says that tho faster a man writes, the slower others read what ho has written. Na poleon could writo fourteen pages in a minute; unfortunately, however, <jach pago consisted or eight blots and a splattor. Sotno uf his linos to Maria Louisa-appear as it scattered ovor the paper by tho explosion ot u bombshell. Jules Jauin, the famons fouilleton writer is known in Paris as tho jour | nalist who writos tho most iilogiblo hand. Only two old compositors at tho Journal des Dobats aro ablo to decipher his hieroglyphics; and often thoy havo to send sheets of his manuscript which they cannot read, back to its author. Janin then novor reads the illegible words to them, but quickly writes another sheet. George fsa n/1 Ci'i va olift r\r\nCk li'mn Janin a letter of which she and her ;ic<jLua:ntance8, despite their most strenuous ellort, never were able to decipher moro than two words. Horace Groeloy's manuscript i8 very illegible. A wag once observed that the sentence, "Virtue is its own reward, written by Mr. urecly, was rendered by tho compositor into "Washington with soap is wholly absurd." lion. Thad. Stevens, the "Old Commoner," wrote an illo^iblo hand, llis signature was little more than tho scrawlod initials, with a slicrt z'gzag lino following each of them. Wo once had occasion to writo to him, and received a lottcr in roply which wo found iiiipoaaiblo to road, though professing to ho apt at <1cci:>htiriiifjr manuscrmts. Two who.lift afterward wo handed Mr. IStovona lliu lottor. lie could not read it him* solf until \?'0 gave him a duo by reminding liiin of llio matter wo had mado inquiry about. A president of ono of our popular railroads onco wrote to an old 1.inner, reonesting him to reniovo some shed 1 " ding along tlio lino. Tho old farmer could not make it out and believing it to bo a froo ]>US8, used it as such for a year, none of the conductors presuming to dispnto the construes tion ho had put upon tlio scrawlMany ludicrous and many serious blunders liavo resulted from tlio want of legibility in writing. In m-nnf nf * o' ? r"vv* Vi iho former, wo might instanco tho cargo of monkoys in which ease "two" badly written was taken for "ono hundred" in numerals; and, in proof of (he latter, wo might instanco the civil war that ensued in the time of Louis XIV. from a mieconstructcd letter. A dispatch intended for the fiery Prince Condo was carried by u courier from the court to Anger? ville. instead of Aunmrvillo. Tim ? I conciliatory missive by the ill writing of the letter "11," failed to come to hand at the proper timo and place* and the Prince continued thoso rapid movements that were followed by a civil war. Thoso who write for tho press should try 10 *^?t,e '.heir writ' ing clear and legiblo. Proper names, j technical terms, quotations troin foreign language, otc., should be written with special plainness. Printers' eyes are not microscopic, and the supposition that they are walking encyclopedias, and proverbially clever* will not always save an author from tho disgrace of his own blunders. The mercantile class in goneral, write gracefully and legibly. As clerks they do so by constraint. Lawyers' writing is bold, largo, and widely lined. Literary moil, thoso of painful, unceasing research, write close, cramped and elegant hands. In many old and valuablo manuscripts uniformity is preserved throughout?tho eame character ot letter, llio sumo sliiulo of ink, the | same size and siopo are all preserved from the bo?jiiining to t he end of the r> m .. largo volumo. Nothing, scarcely, can exceed their beauty. Capitals and particular words are emblazoned, by being written in letters of gold, or inks of brilliant and beautiful colors strongly contrasting with the deep b'ack it tho body of the writingMany of them aro the work of monks who laid great perseverance, uniformity o! temper, and Hofuicty of mind. Wo road, with a kind of vague in credulity, that a Spanish divine composed, copied out, and corrected from the press a hundred huge folio volumes. But the most astounding labors can bo nccomuliahed bv :i firm ? r - J -- -- - ? ami unshaken purpose, carried into ofect by untirir.g perseverance. "Nulla dies sine linoa"?no day without a line?is tho sccrct of authorship. Mudaino do Sevigne, who declarod that she doomed tho labor of writing a book utterly beyond tho power of i : 1 i.~ - i "fi iiiuuauj, Wii? UUII YIIIUIHI, uy CDI* lectin^ and publishing the letters that 811c had written as an amusement, that sho had actually accompliohed the Herculean labor without being aware ol' it. The Gates Divorce Casein tlio Titus Oatei divorco ease now pending in the Chancery Court, in which Mrs. James A. Oates Titus prays tor a divorco from her hus band, Tracy W. Titus, several depo sitions for ti o plaintiff' have Itecn tnkon. Miss Paulino Morritt, a sistcr of Mrs. Titus, played at Macauley's Tlicati'o a few weeks ago, and after licr engagement romainod in the city for some days, stopping at the residenco ot licr mother. During 11)in time her deposition in tiic ease wan taken. Shu staten that the pluintilV married the defendant at the Southern Hotel, in St. Louis, and that at tho time ot the marriarro I lit! (lufoiuliiiit Iuivl no monoy ?>f Itin own, and tin) plaintiffsupported l>??tIt hersoli and tho defendant. That Titim was a drinking man, and, in addi Won lo that, nustrealeu his wile and Kjuandorcd Iter money. That for tf 10 past two years lie lias been a con. firmed drunkard, and would at times go without speaking to his wife for two weeks, during which time lie would refuse to take her to the table, or go with her to the theatre. That ????p??? ' ho ncvor nttondcd to bueinese, and did no labor wliatevor. While io St. Louis in January, 1875,rIio state# Tit us treated his wifo very badly and did not8|)calc to her for three or four weeks. Although his wife was ill at tho time ho failed to pay any a*tonlion to her, and eho eont to tbis city for her mother to uureo her.? Whilo in Kansas City ho cursed and ?i i i.!~ ? ;r. t.- - e uu.isuu nib \\iiu duchiisc sue roiusoci to piny at tho matinco when she was sick, and, on tlmt occasion, ho also threatened to take his trunk and leave her. She pleaded with him to re* ?...i ........ ??-i 1 iiitimi, aim iivj ?v;ui uilt illlU gUl WIIHIK* Tlio witness was sent for about four o'clock in the morning, and remained in the hall talking to Titns until six o'clock, pleading with him not to desert his wife. Whilo in Philadelphia in October, 1874, he also troat* ed his wife very badly, and on one ...i? 1-- ?~ i f? uwuuoiuii, wiivu nuu ?|iuku iu mill about business, lie told her roughly that she did not know anything about business, and pushed her, and she would have fallen down tho steps but that tho witness was coining up and caught her. Sho states that ho hand* led all tho money, and when tho plaintiff asked liim for money ho would say lie did not have any, and would then go out and spend it in drinking. While in ban Francisco in January, 1875, his treatment of her was such that 6ho was cornpellod to hnvo tho attendance of a physician behind the 6ccnc3 while fulfilling her engngeir.ont at the theatre. It was in that city they parted, and tho witness states that the defendant took his trunk from Ihu pluintitt's room and left the hotel. The next day tho plaintiff eamo to tho witness and since that time has lived apart from tho defendant. Klin fiirtlipi" Rtnton tli-it ilia ilnfundu ant is a man of disagreeable temper* The plaintiff* had always attondod to her own business, but niter her mar? riago with tho defendant ho would not let hor ask him any questions or say anything to him about business; if sho did lio would shut her up na though she was a ciiiid, uuu this, no mutter what tho i:hioo or who wm present, before tho company or iu tho thcatro. Ho nlways treated her unkindly, and would curse her and talk roughly to her. She aUo staled that tho plaintiff had always tried to live happily with the defendant, and had, up to the time of their separation, endcavorod to hido all hia faults. i lie deposition of Mattio Donko, tlio wailing maid of Mrs Titus, was taken at tho Exchango Hotel, in Richmond, Vra., and has boon fdod in the court. Sho states that she has known Titus fur four years, and that he was very ill tempered at times; that sho heard him curse plaintiff in St. Louis in June, 1875. Titus had never been kind to bia wife since sho know them?that is since their tnarriugo?cxcopt tor a few months after the aaiil man iage. Sue also rt;fer^ rod to the absence ami neglect of tho plaintiO'on tho part of the defendant, , .1 i -- ? ' iw uuiiiuuu i?y me omer wnneRses, ami stated that though she had never seen Titus actually stiiko his wife, she saw him shake her in Philadel* pliin, and heaid him tell Iter "that if she was a man ho would knock her head oil' her." Sho also states that when the company was playing in i.:.. ? - ? - ' 111la i;u.> ?" I'liinviuu nouses, piamti tasked defendant fur $5, and, in a cross manner, ho asked lior wliat slio wanted it. No other steps have jet been tak* en in the ease beyond notifying the non resilient defendant, Tracy Titus, to appear, and it is probable that the cuso win hoc do tiucuieu lor soveral months yet. - 4^ . Major A. It. IiroylcB, of Antioraon, ban mirclmscd tho nlnntuiinn i/nnwn na Lho Maxwell placo, near Townvillo, paying $l,00O oauli lor it.