OCR Interpretation

The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, December 16, 1875, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026913/1875-12-16/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

1 ^ r ' r'1 n'^n-, |riil > ** I i j= ' " ' ' lli1 '* '' * ' ' .i'lMi r,.|ij n -1,,.i ,,! > i.> j .t .' . .,' . . .
i ?v- ' ' :r- .? . i . . . : .
- 1 ' ' ' ' - - ' ' * * v>> ' ? '
r- new advertisements.
I ? ...
(f 1911] machines.
woti-Jw Liberal Terms of ExO/
ay1**1 CX wovwuu iiituu
^Machines of every des;
The Beat Patterns made. Send Seta, for Catalogue.
A0BN*8 ffmio. -M_? NEW VOllIC.
(ft 1 Q a day at home. Agents wanted. OutJL/0
fit and terms free. True & Co., Augusta,
' Volta'N Elcdro Ileitis and
i Isaiius
ate indorsed by tho most eminent physicians
in tho world fqr tho euro of rheumatism,
' neuralgia, liver Complaint, dyspepsia, kidney
1 disease, aohes, pains, nervous disorders, fits,
femalo complaints, nervous and general debility,
and oilier chronic diseases of (lie cliest,
head, liver, stomach, kidneys and blood.?
Jieok with full particulars irce by Volta llelt
P Co , Cincinnati, O.
. AHrKll WEEK guaranteed to Agents,
V I / Male and Female, in their locality.?
* y I I Terms and OUTFIT FftKM. Address
; T-' ' p. (). VICKEftY & CO., Augusta, Me.
I l?)i) to per tiny at home. samples worm
*1 free. Stinson & Co., Portland, Maine.
JL IIow oithe"- box may fascinate ami gain
tlie love and afl'cclions of any person they
choose, instantly. This art all can possess,
* freo, by mail, for 25 cents ; together with a
. Marriage Guide, Egyptian Oracle, Dreams,
Hints to Ladies, e!c. 1,000,000 sold. A queer
f ?t)ook.
Address T. WILLIAM & CO , PnV Phila.
AGKNT.ST, |he greatest chance of tho age.
Address, with stamp, National Copying
Co., Atlant, Ga.
Maryland Eye & Ear Institute
, 015 N. Cii.viu.ks St it k kt, Uai.timokk. Mi>.
GEORGE REUL1NO, M. J>., late I'rof. of
ji^u iiihi ijjir otir^cry m iiiu iv lisniugioil
University, Surgeon in charge.
( Tlio large handsome residence of .the late
Charles Onrroll lias been lilted up with all
<hb improvements adopted in I lie latent
Schools of Europe, for the special treatment
of this class of diseases. Apply by letter to
Gkouuh r?Ktri,ix?i,?M. 1>.,
Surgeon in Charge.
KLT CAIUMJTfNasi :?) ccnlH per yard.
, .!. Felt Ceiling for rooms in place of plas,ter.
Felt Kootiing and Siding. For Circular
aud Sample, address C. J. FAY, Camden,
New Jersey.
J'lYFi ami IvA II Institute,
No. 50 i'll an km n Sr.. HaI.timoisi:, Ml).
JITLTAJJ J. Cll ISOI.M, M l? l'rof..of Kyomid
V Kat* disonscs in the University <>f Maryland,
Surgeon in charge.
Tliis Institution is thoroughly orgiiiizod
and lilted up with every oonvmienoo for the
treatment of Kyo and Kar Diseases,
Qiair' For further information, apply to the
Dills, Ponds and Postage Stamps Wanted.?
for rarest bill". Sit) Pur vn.ro.ttt stnmrw Ii !
Trill piiy to send llicni immediately. Also
otljcr cnrioBitles. American Stamp Co., Box
*10415, New York.
4 1)ec 2 -11 4
livery and Sale Stalk.
I .Parties llAsirinir In lit vn AAni?ii'<iii/? I?
- *D ? ""v vv"iv(f.u.^v t"
Tickcns Court IIousc, Tablo Rock find other
poipt.s, can be accommodated at my Stubles,
At all hours of the day and night. Pur
t chascrs can also bo supjilicil with Good Stock
at rcasonablopriccs.
Regular Mail Lino (o l'ickons Courthouse
daily. (Sundays excepted.)
Knslcy Station, R. 0., Aug, >1, 1875.
, no-19-ly
Colonists, I1'migrants and
Truveloi'H Ucshvai'd.
Fov map circulars, condensed lime tables
onil general information in rogard lo trans*
portation facilities to all points in Tennessee,
Avkansas, Missouri, Minnesota, Colorado,
|VU(1H Texas. In?a Nnu/ i'*-1- 1
, 1 -- ?? muii nnii
^California, apply to or address Ai.bkut 15.
Whknn, General Immigrant Agent, Ollico No.
Q II. I. Kimball Houu'e, Atlanta, (la.
No one ahouM go Wost without first getting
in communication with tho General
(Kmigtr.nL Agent, nnd become informed ns to
ttuperior advantages, cheap nnd quick trans>
ymrtatiori of families, household goods, stock,
And farming implements generally,
f AH information cheerfullv triven.
? iu>3 Om G. P. & T. A.
Practices in. Courts of I'iokons
| punty, Mid in United States OoUl'tS
FITS AK1) l,riM;i?S?
positively curcil. The w?rst eases, of longest
standing, i?y usiupDr- Hebbard's Curea
v.-.111? e 1 ? ii -ii i- ' "
4* uwtuu ouill III-AJ I U Mil IMKII J, O. (#|I|
htujj, L>rtigrgl?l, 5l J Oth Ave., N. Y.
?- - ? ^u4i /ans Hi pi. ~
J From ilio Soaihcrn OuUirator.
A Very Important' Cluedtidn?What ane
We Drifting to?
" a J/ H
Editor Southern Cultivator :?13oing
engaged' in two occupations, my
umo is so comptetoty occupied, that
I liuvo always to write* in a hurry- 1
shall condense as much as possible.
The negroes were set free and turn
ed loose among us without any preliminary
training lor freedom. We
had contended that tho negro left
lico to diroct ftiwl nonM-nl
could not live to any advantage in a
Temperate Zme, where long winters
ITovnil, and subsistence must nccestsarilly
bo dug out of tho earth by
patient, pcretarveritlg toil, backed by
judgoinent and economy. Of the
truth of thffc j^ropositiob. 1 am now
as fully convinced as ever. But lie is
hero with ujjtyid Tree at that. Thoso
who know nothing -about bam bo,
may prate as much as tbey please
about his excellent qualities; they aro
at a oale uistanco from him and know
nothing of the enhject that they prolend
to discuss 60 sapiuntly; but one
thing is certain?1-[ speiik most cmpliaticady?two
must control tho no~
groes, or rdin us inevitable, both to
i 'i'i
..loin ti11v( ii?.? jL?iu.Buuuer wc iinuer?
standlhis, tho' bbttcr it will be for the
well arc of our country. I do not
mean by tlijs' fitaitjiiig declaration,
11 ut we should ?dopiivo tliem of a
Kulitary light that legitimately belong*
to tliem as -freemen; but the
L;rciit law of I^iture declares in divers
wave too chmHy to be misnndel'titood,
that "kuowledno is nower.''
and that within thte grand circle that
it swoops, a: o to.,1)o found wisdom*
peace, safety artd prosperity. Thisj
law also declares just us?c!early, that
ignorunco enthroned, is a power for
lynowjedge I.things comparatively
to the white race, anj must have full
sway and soope, in all irrand depart1
incuts ? !' bnsinits, or else prosperity
and progress will ?pvur bo moiepliantasm
of tho brain?a eovotVd >al
:!.t will iicv?!? bo rofidhed. Thanes
groeB aro tho best laborers that wo
have or (jan got; but they arc liabio
to undergo great changes in tlio future,
unless wo control (hem find keep
tlieni in tho right channel. If left to
lloat ut will, they will aig zag in every
direction along the cross and complex
currents ot a boundless swamp.
As for white laborers, it is nonsense
to talk about them where land is
cheap and fanning very'nnprolitiiblo.
They are only a lapted to suctions
where land is scarce and rich.
Furu snort liinu after tho negroes
wore s-et free, they were hired mostly
for wages, and working under the
control and direction of tho whites,
both races bid lair to prosper; but a
groat change has como o'er the spirit
i/l our dreams. in llie mind ot tliu
injrro, a great deal ot idle time is the
"sine (jua non" of happiness*. Ilecau
grasp ilio present; but all the powers
of his intellect combined into one
mighty ('.) locus, fail to illninitiate tho
dark future one inch in advance of
his nose; never did and nevor will,
bating a few. Since being 6et free,
lie has taxed his limited intellect to i
the outmost to discover some plan by
which ho can give a large portion of
hi? time t<? fishing, hunting, meeting-",
visiting, cold weather and general
i?.ltotiucst-; but how lo make money, j
accumulate property, and Becnro the
Bolid comforts of lile, are questions
with Itiin of minor impm-tanGO.
'They settled down finally upon the
plftli ol renting land, and paying said
rent in cotton. This is now thonegrooa
plan, originated by themselves, and
is Cast bringing both incoa to tempoiv
al ruin, as 1 will eloarly show. The
whito man argues thus: "A half
loaf is belter than none;" the negro
is IVco any how, so if ho pays Ins runt
I don't caro liow ho works, or wliat
ho (locn,or l.ow it's done. Tlio negro
on iii? part reason's ilius: My rent
iiiiist bo ['aid in cotton, so I will plant
? - rthe
mofeit of inj' crop in that nrticlo,
that When tho rent has b6en paid, 1
ma}' have enough left to fill my
pockets with greenbacks; then calico,
flour, whisky, tobacco',' lnulo and bng
gy will bo mine, and 1 shall.be elovat
ed to tlxj highest plane of my ambitious
aspirations. The negroes
have 110 moro judgment about tho
proportion of corn and cotton that
they should plant than children, llemeinbor,
whites, that the negroes are
among us. Tlicv must livo Tl'iliov
' *f ' ~ ~~~ "" ' *" ""
starve, eo will you. D->n't ilatter
yourselves for a moment, tliat the negro
raco can alarve in your midst
without dragging you down in the
fn 11 I Tim <-?- K
. aiiv vuiuoo unit lllio UUUII J)III'"
sued has furnished lho world with
mure cotton than it needs, and has
rftiecd tlio price of nil tho necessaries
of life, plunging tho whites iuio* bankruptcy
and mini And has brought
the negroes to the brink of starvation.
We may toil day and night to make
cotton, but tho more wo make, the
lower the price and tho highor are
provisions: uuort this lino wo mav
; 4 - ' J
work until wo become walking skeletons,
and remain all tbe while misM
crably poor and half starved !?while
all the world outside of us, is laughing
at our fully, and growing fat and
saucy upon the unienr. njiated sweat
that issuer from our every pore!
But tbe negro ngrtin. We do not
c-urtrol him ? he controls us. He
idles away one third of every vear.
conning Irom Christmas, to Ciirittimuj
and I.is sorry forming is equivalent
to the other third, lie makes
no manure and but little more than
half a crop upon the .hind that ho
pretends to citltivu'.c. Soon the land
will bo so poor that he cannot support
bin.self and pay rent?what
J v.... ...:n ...u? .1... . i -
t lull 111 IU1\U nit: 1 cl 11U UWllJ
IVoni liim mid let it rest, or sow ii
in grain. But what will becomo <>t
tiio Uo will bo compelled to
emigrate to Afiicaor tho Weal; or
they wil go about in gangs liko
prowling wolves, plundering tho
Mnmitrir ntwi trill in tv !?/. I I
VS-.S ?t ii ? 7 nil" nnillli: U1U H I1IIV.O I I
You may call all this Sensational, or
tho mere phantasm of a efensitivo
4 m
brain; but consider, ii' you plo i6o,
tho signs of tho times, undr the cause
now in full operation, in connection
with their legitimate effects. Tho soasons
in this section, for ine tho last
two or tlueo \cars preceding this,
? -? j ? ?
wuru inmost pcriucr; yei starvation ib
now at our doors! I have scon nearly
all the renters in a neighborhood
gathered around one small fanner,
that happened to be so fortunato as
to have a little money, corn and meat,
ottering to gather his whole crop in
one day for a little something to
If 4 * Jl i i Unti I illifl 1? ni'l W Kaii I
?VV J' UVII? ????\? IV^V/VIIVI i 1? iJ^II
wo seo a dozen buzzards gathorod
around onu dead snake or us many
crows pocking away at a stray nubbin
of corn, or lienr the blackbirds
chattering in tho cracks of your corn
crib know ye, that starvation is not
far oil !
Anil what is tlio cause of all this?
Various reasons have been assigned;
but tliu real causo is, the negroes have
tlio agriculture of tho South pretty .
much in their own hands, and the)
are just ab >ut ;ib weli qualiiied to
tnanago it*-as so inauy children. If
wo givo them a farm upon their own
i.~ i, :? ?i? ?
uuii i i mi iij uuiutig Wt5
advance to tliem; il wo do that they
cannot pay back, unlets wo unsettle
them, and leave thorn right where
wo found I hem. Many a white man
has brought li fin so If to grief, on ucs
count of allowing tho negro tlio
pleasure of running a farm at his?
w iing nmn a?uxpunsoj vainiy 8upn i
poeing tlmt Sambo could support
himself, pay rent and clc*t#ts, and do
it all by skinning only a halt' crop
out ot the land.
Well, what is tho remedy? It is I
to bo t'.iuml in sowing more grftin, or
planting mure corn, or making less
cotton? All arc generally
pointed out by tlio servants of the
South as constituting an effectual
remedy, but thoy are not tho remedy
only, thoy would be effects of a prop*
er remedy applied. The true remo(]
v f. till tli/11'A ! J nrv
? j -w tiivio 10 ii*/ ^vuv;i?iui uu
whites to take the groat business of
agriculture into their own hands; then
the reins will he held strong ami
6teadv, and the''woi Id's backbone"
kept in the proper position. A course ;
will be pursued, adapted to secure |
the permanent wnltarn <if ImUi iv>r?.?a I
for the present and future. It is
generally admitted that tho whites
must have ''political supremacy," or
the country is ruined. But be not
deceived; it is j st as necessary that
the whites should have agricultural
supremacy, to save the country from
Finally, all sorry hands must he
hired for wages. Renters must bo
able to Kiinnni't Mipmsnlvoa* must Kr> I
directed in pitching their crops and
working thorn, must be compelled to
make manure and keep up fences.
The Iftnd they work must not bo allowed,
at least, to become any poor .
er. The law against vagrancy must
bo rigidly enfoicod agnii.st both black
and whites; drones must be kicked
( lit oi the hive and put on the chain
te""?} iiiiuui mi uvuititui . it'gill
economy must bo the i rder of the
day. Living upon the credit system
must stop; it ia bad, very bad policy
to allow the present to 6ceal both
principle and interest from the future
More grain must ho made and less
cotton. liaruyard immures must receive
more attention, and guano
The low nricc of cotton mid ii'urlt i
I ------ '"
price of provisions furnish an Argument
lhut will convince fanners by
and bv, that they have been pursuing
a wrong course. The tyrant necebsity,
is tho only argument Southern
farmers will lis'en to. This tyrant is
now marching everywhere tluongh
the South; and "I disc >vcr a {jrowini;
/ o r?
disposition in our people to pull oil"
their lints and make him a how. I
now hear much talk about sowing
more grain, planting more corn
and less cotton, and making more
minure, &c , &c. Many of the whites
hnVfi 51 littlli fur 111 i.f tlioir nun tl>al
thiffy are (lying to make rich, but out
side ot thia, they rent tlie balance of
their hind to the belter skelter negro,
who is fast wearing it out! I asm in
aek the question, if this coureo is pursued
much longer, what will become
of Sambo? I am not his enemy, but
a bettor friend to him than he is
practically to himself, lie must bo
compelled in some way to improve
tho laud lie tills; or else after awhile
wo shall be compelled to ship him or
do worse. When ilio black man t-ha! 1
have worn out the laud allotted to
him, he will not he allowed to fall
back up? n the white man's lew "bales
acres," that ho lias nursed as careful'
ly as his own children.
hot a wise courso be pursued in
,j..~ ?: 1 -
uuu uuiir, u iu soon our country will
resemble a gardon; provisions will
bo cheap and cotton briny a remunerative
price; our wives will bo
nappy and our children merry; Sam
bo will again look sleek and oily, and
will whistle and sing, as ho was
woitt to do, iu Ihc good old days ol
yore; but in order to reach thi* Imn,
py a'ute, tho whito man must hold
tho reins, both political and agi {cultural?and
not tlio negro.
J Afl. II. 01,1 PI IA NT.
Btellavillc, Ga., Sept. 1875.
Tho Jackson Tiinos, tho leading
Republican organ in Mississippi,
says:?From tho charactor of thoso
who liavo controlled tlio caucuses nf
tho party, and thonco tho leadership
and policy and destiny of tho Llcpnbli^
organization, defeat was only a quests
ion of time. It has como at last, and
though by moans wo do not approve,
yet it has ovortakon us, and tho party
is ;kt tho bottom of the hill.
Political Precedents?A WarningSonic
of our contcmpoi ivies seem
to think that tho Democrats will certainly
olcct the next President, bo1*
cnuee they elccted a largo majority
of the House of .Representatives last
full. They tell us that from the clays
of John Q miey Adams down to the
present timo tlio party which has
carried the House in the middle of a
'Presidential term has always been |
successful in the ensuing Presidential]
The facts on t It is subject are no
doubt curious and suggestive, but
they will not quite warrant such a
sweeping conclusion. Tho House
which inei in ueccmber, ISiJO, contained
a larger number of Democrats
tlmn Whi^s; but becauso of a
feud in the Democratic party (lie
W hi<j;8 elected Harrison as President
by an overwhelming majority the
next year. The like results happened
sixteen years later when the opponj
cuts of the Democracy 6uccctid<ul in
making Banks Sneaker of tlie llonso
in February, 185G, but, owing to
divisons in I lie ranks of the opposition,
i lie Democrats were able to
elcct Buchanan to the Presidency in
the subsequent November.
These facte eliow that it will not
do to push precedents too far, and
tllftt nil unnnM 1 nilns !.? ">
.... * ? i?iv>o liiV t \J UJUIl
cept ions.
Other political'precedents or maxims
which at 0110 time or another
have seemed too strong to yield to
any amount of pressure, have finally
broken down. It was for many years
treated as an axiom that as Pefinsyl
vai.ui went at tlic Octobcr elections,
so New York would go in the follow
iu<: November, lint in the convulsions
of1S5G this axiom, on which
aspirants to oflice, anil those who
slaked money on elections had so
long relied, was exploded; lor while
Pennsylvania .'as then carried for
the Democrats by a decisive majority
in October, New York went over
whelmi; g for tho Republicans in
November. Another time honored
precedent shared a similar late in
t e famous ] olitlcal conflicts of 185G.
It had long been regarded aa a lirms
ly Lrronnded truth, that if cither two.
?.if the great States of New York,
Pennsylvania, and Ohio cast thoir
electoral votes for the same candidate
for President, but he was sure to be
eh sen. lint in that year New York
and Ohio voted for Fremont by
heavy majorities, yet Buchanan was
elected nevertheless.
We illicit cito two or three other
general rules ot this character upon
which poliiicians have been wont to
rely, but which have finally enconu"
tereil except ions and then ceased to
bo trusted; but thoso who have reterroil
to will snttieo to warn the Democrats
that they cannot safely count
upon success in next year's election,
merely because a largo body of die*
gtisted Republicans in all parts ot
ihe coun'iy stayed away fiom the
polls last fall, and thus enabled the
Democrats to olect a handsome ma^
jority of tlio House of Representatives.
So tar a* the llouso is concornedv
tlie result of the Presidential
campaign will depend tar more upon
how the Democratic majority act
during the coming session, than
upon the fact that they obtained that
majority in iho elections of the past
year. Indeed, should the Democrats
in the House iail to meet the
1'uwiiu on me euojectoi
reform, tlio pcoplo will bo likely to
seize tlio opportunity of tlio approaching
national contests to set
aside in a very marked manner a
precedent which lias heretofore exerted
a irood deal of influence noon
%J I
party lcu'ioiB.?N. Y. Sun.
So.mk ladies of Chicago liavo boon
poisoned by wearing tho striped or
zebra stockings. Tho arson io used in
the coloring did i!.
Sincerity.?Givo us sincere friendship
or none. This hollow glitter of
smiles and words compliments that
mean nothing? protestations ol aftoc
utm us bouu as 1110 iroin irom chain
pagne?invitations that are pretty
eentenccs, uttered bccauso such things
aro customary arc all worthless. Thoro
is no ncod ol them. It is proper to bo
civil and courteous to the most in?*
different .Uran/jerj but why assume
iriendship's outward show when no
iculity underlies it? When one foeh
friendship, tlio object of that senti inont
cannot huIter, and leave our
hearts untroubled?cannot bo slandered
leaving us unharmed.
Paro ned.?Tho Governor has par
cloned Charles Sims, convicted of burglary
and larceny at iho Octobcr, lS7.r),
term of tho Court of Sessions for
Union County and scntoncod to six
month in the penitentiary. Tho Solicitor
and J udgc recommend tho pardon,
and slate that the evidenco did
not warrant a conviction.
? Zoroaster
says: "When you doubt,
abstain." lloylo says: "Trump und
take the trick
One of tlic sons of Qucon Victoria
luis placed himself at the head of tho
tompcrance movement in England.
Tho Columbia Union-Herald, tho
Republican organ in this State, admits
j that the last election in this
State for members of Congress was
illegal, beccauso of the want ol "contiguity"
of tlio counties composing
the Third District.
Hon. Kcrnando Wood declines tlio
furthoi' use of his name as a candidate
for tlio speakership ol the next House
of Representatives, lie says ho is not >
a canidadalc and will not.he a party to
tho contest now going on lor thai officio
? -
A three year old boy asked his
mother to let him have his building
bricks to play with, but she told her
darling that it was Sunday, and
therefore not proper for him to have
tvim 1/111, mam iililj tiillU I HO
hopeful, "I'll build a church." lie
got the bricks.
A little boy carrying 6omo egga
home from the shop dropped them.
"Did you break any?" asked hh
1? 1 ? * II 1 "
lui/iuvi, ? nuii nc ioiu ner oi it. ".No"
said the little follow, "but the aliells
came off some of 'em."
... + 4^ -?
J. A. Tolly, of Anderson, killed an
eagle recently.
The VOUIIAT men <it I I al\tn>a niwl
a --
Cukesbury speak of forming a rillo
Nino prisoners were recently
placed in the penitentiary from Mnrion
"Jim," inquired a schoolboy of one
of his matos "what is tho meaning of
VollooV'' (I I 1 * 1
J/UI1 i, yull KIIOW 1110 mastor
licked mo in school yoaterday?" "Yes."
"Well, lie wasn't satisfied with that,
but kept mo alter'school and licked
mo again. That is what I call relick."
? - ~ - ?
Capt. Snnford and Prof. Thomas
Archer, of London, havo boon ap
pointed on 1th instant as cxocutivo
commissioners to the Philadelphia
Centennial exposition.
Tho Prince of Wales has an incomo
!iiir>ii!illu a!' ci 1 'i nrtrt
J "* * *V,WV.
Mr. Kerr, candidate lor tlio Speaks
endup, 1 or hard money. Hard
money is vory good, if a man can
get enough of it.
An Irish tablecloth peddler, named
Dronnan, was found dead in Anders
Hon countv recentlr
V "
Mr. 10. O. McCulIough lias been appointed
agont of llio Southern
jnoss Company at Uroonvillo.
Attempts Imve boon made to throw
tlio ears off the track near CJroonwood.
Tho Now ICra adviaou lynch law.

xml | txt