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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, March 23, 1876, Image 1

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VOL. V. ' . PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1876. ~ NO/!!*
IVI-fH^' ? '!' ! ' " "* ~~
The Impeachment of Belknap00
'(i fho t e\v8 of tbo impoaclnuont of
General Belknap, President Grant's
* Sjgfcretary of War, says tlio Augusta
Clironiole & Sentinel, camo like a clap
of tlmndcr from ft p.lnnr bVu "NTr?
intimation had beon given that any
- nob proceeding was in contemplation..
No statement cnmo by telegraph
or mail that such serious clmrgee
had been made against a Cabinot
. officer. The members of tho com>
piittco mado thoir investigation very
quietly and kept their proceedings
.a profound 6ecrot. The first intinm>>
tion givon ot their discoveries was
oontainod in tho resolution of imL.
* ' .1... r?
peacnmem prc8eniea to tne uooso oi
. Representatives Thursday, and which
^vtsro adopted by a unanimous vote of
mombers. From the statement of
tlio case sent by telegraph it appears
that Genoial Belknap sold a position
'as l'oftt-trader at Fort Sill, in the
tliidinn Territory, to GftUb P. Marsh
for tho eiiin of twelve thousand dollars
and un annuity of several thousand
as long as the appointment was
^ rotained. Tlioir bargain was made
aevoral years since, and tho payments
liavo been made regularly since that
ftimo?tho last inatallmont having
boon received two months ago The
'Secretary mndo a clumsy attempt to
'conceal 11is corruption or to provide
a shield for himself in the event o!
t ^discovery at tlio expense of his wifoV
4ionor, by causing the money lo pass
through his wife's hands. This ?un
rangeinent continued up to ihe death
;6f the iirst Mrs. Belknap. After
that event even this flimsy cU>ak was
Jaid aside and tho annuity was paid
directly to the Secretary of War.?
The enmity of a man whein General
Belknap had dismissed from tiio eer.
vico lnoiKjht tlm ti aiiKimtmn in Hw
curt} of an Alabama Congressman
uiul t 1>?j Cuininittco i'ii Expenditureit)
the War Department traced tin
matter until Thursday, when tlieir
labors tenuii.ated in the roaignati-Mi
bird impeachment ot ono of tiie high
est ofliocrs ot the Government of the
TT..!i_J C..1 -
have been made out so strongly tha1
no defense was possiblo. The man
tfho bought the appointment wan
lifQuglit, an unwilling witness, before
the Committee and ratbor than com
rait perjury, guve tho history of ilio
wholo transaction. Confronted with
Mareh the Secretin y could do nothing
but tnako confession of his guilt,
o^i'd a#k for the mercy which could
' a _ l t r . i . ?
% EDI DO BOOWII. iVUOWlllg mai imj?e?ohinent
was inovitablo if lie to
mained in oftioe be sought to avoid
it t>y resigning iiiu position in tho
GpfrineN Tho President attempted
to assist him to evade justice by accepting
his resignation tho moment
it Was tendered. Forgetting what ho
had said in tho ease of Columbus
Delano when charges of corruption
wore ponding iigainut that man as
Socrelary of tho interior, viz: "That
?p officer of the Government would
be permittod to resign while under
ilio Presidonl hastonod to ac
Cept tlio rcaigriation ot a high oflicor
who had been proven guilty of tho
gr0880i3t corruption,~in order toahield
IiAra from tho punislii&ent which ho
? 60 richly merited. Gon. Grant cannot:
bo condom nod too aijveroly for hia
I ciohtiuct lu thia case. If hia cloeign
bad anccooded tho Secretary of War
wdhiH hnoA hftnn nftrmitfnrt tr?
from oflico and eecapo tho only pun
ishmont which can avail to cheek tho
Cfi|tyecl of which he had been proven
It is true that General Bulk,
have boon indicted and
tried in the Courts lor accepting a
br^Ue, but the chances aro that ho
would have finally escaped through
tbo law'# delays and the influence
of the Preaident whiob would have
shielded him aa }t baa just saved
Babcock, For a man occupying hit*
yosition and guilty of bis offunau
' ' there 'a but ouo punishment, and that
punishment must be administered by
the verdict of ft high Court of Iuipoachment.
Fortunately the firmness
ot tho Democratic majority tn
the Houec-of Representatives render*.
ed tho Presidents effort abortive.?
Notwithstanding his resignation
Belknap lias boon vim peached and
itilist ans ' or at the bar of tho Senate
fur his offenses.
As in tlie Babcock matter the Pro.
sident will and ought to snircr by the
impeachment of Belknap. Tho cor
nij t omcini was nis warm personal
friend. Ilis appointments was asm*,
prise t> the whole e Mintry. lie was
not a statesman. He was not a boIdier
ot distinction. He was aim ply
a young man who had 6erved credit
ably in a subordinate capacity during
the war and acquirod the friendship
f General Grant. IIis name was
uuarcely known out of the army regintiiiH
and |>ay rolls. Yet to this
young and obscure man tho President
gave one ot the highest and most
responsible positions under the Government.
lie was placed at the
head ot tho army, given entire control
of all military affairs and entrust
ted with itmnont-o tiJitioiiiiorn nurl tlin
disbursement of enormous sums of
money. This untried man was unable
to leftist the temptations which
promotion placed in his path, and fell
from honesty and from honor. He
trafficked in offices, and made mors
chandise of his patronage. At last
detection ami exposure came, and he
appealed to 'lie President for protec
(ion. riic Pi i'c>uK.ut, who had just
proclaimed that no otlieial wmld ho
permitted to resign while under fire,
who hao just seen liin Private Secro
tary under indictment ior conspiring
to deiraud the Government, who
knew til fit the air whs filled uitli
charges of corruption, wiio ?%iio.v tiiut
the jioo|?lc were growing indignant
at witnessing, day after clay, tlio escape
of men who despoiled them, the
President made indecent lmeto to aes
eept the resignation ol his favorite,
and to screen him horn iinueachint-nt
and punishment.
ii can be said thai tor the firs'
time in the history of tiie nation a
memboruf tho Cabinet has been arraigned
hotoro tho Senate for tlio corn
mi-hion of high crimes and misdemeanoiH.
It can also be said that, tor
1 no t)rnt limu in the history of the
atioii tho President of the United
States, knowing the guilt of a (Jahi
net officer, has sought to shield him
from punishment.
Grant's Masterly Move to Throttle
President reccommonds the
prosecution "t Mnivli, tlio witness
whoso testimony lias revealed iho
moiit glaring and outrageous fraud
that over disgraced Iho history of a
people. Why this reecotrimendation?
Doeswiich action lend t>adv(}-ico t!iy
Cause of jus' ict?
...I l.?l? If ?
111 c*i on O u.\ t III I HUH ?>ll UOIIUIl (>l |
tho Government, and testified to tacts
which tended to criminate himself.?
This testimony ho oould not have
lioen com pel lo?i to givo. It is the
universal practice ot tho Courts,
founded upon sound policy, to grant
immunity to those accomplices in
crime who arc used by tho Stato as
witnesses for tho conviction of inoro
prominent offenders. Change this
rule, publish to tho world that witUG88
who testify against high officials
aro to havo arrayed against them
selves tin- power <?f the Government,
and tbe result will be that no ono
will ever again l>o found ao bold
to imfypaeb tho olmrnqUr of t\ friend
ot Qen. Giant, lSfIai*li Is jneignifi
cant iok| \inknoWn, and tliongh big
I gnill bo as dark hh Erebus, it is bot
tor tlifyt lie ghoul<) go unscathed tlian
that tho rule, which is m<>ro potent
tiirtu all other agencies in tho discov
Kiiy, and liettQe in the prevention ol
oritno should bo violated. i
But for the circumstances, pointing
with unerring eortainty to the opposite
conclusion, wo would gladly
infer that this recommendation was I
an error of judgment. Wo find, I
however, tho President interposing
tho shield of his power to prevent the
impenchtnont of Belknap, to prevent
the fiction of n tribunal whose 'judgment
he could not nullify, and immediately
afterwards warning Marsh
ot his danger instead of assuring him
of eafetv. Tho mail It i?
tunil, and perhaps was anticipated
Marsli has fled, and the Attorney
General may find himself without
sufficient testimony to establish the
guilt of Belknap in a Criminal Court,
and the Senate will lack evidence lor
his impeachment. k,JLot no guilty
man escape."?Charleston News and
Robeson's CourtesyIn
July last Mr?. Belknap, wife of
the then Secretary of War, arranged
a yachting excursion for herself uml
some ot her s<>cioty friends. The
only trouble was about a yacht. The
Secretary did not number ono among
his possessions not having had an
opportunity to obtain one from any ot
liis bribe givers; and it would not
bo exactly, the thing lor a Cabinet
lady to sail in a hired vessel, or nvnn
in a chartered steamer. Besides, the
expense would bo 11 serious consideration
to ii family that was struggling
along on $-,000 a year.
In this dilemma, Mrs. Belknap
sought counsel of that pure and virtuous
official, Sec r Robeson, and in
iiuiiueu 10 nun mat ne loan of a
government vessel would lend eclat
to lier proposed voyage. Robeson
promptly placed at Iter disp Hal the
United Stjiuu steam friga'e Powhatan.
The pleasure party,- consisting
of Mrs. Belknap, her child and nuiso,
seven lady friends, and a war department
clerk as her escort and messenger,
embarked on board the Powhatan
at tllfi 151*1 If* lv I VII imi'V Vflril r.n
July 27, 1875.
The frigate proceeded liist to New
London, Conn., where the party remained
for ten days, and where MrsBelknap
excited groat admiration
both by her style and hot* flirtations.
one men visited JNewport, then f.u'w
rngansett Pior, then steamed back to
Now York again, and np tlio Hudson
to West Point, where a stay of several
days was made.
At this point the Powhatan, which
is one of the largest and most effective
ships in the navy, was recalled
by the department and ordered to
prupuru iui huuvu uuty ill mo waters
ol linyti, whore trouble was tlien
anticipated, grow ing out ol tho official
misconduct of another of Grant's
But notwithstanding the ship whs
under pusiiive Bailing orders, Mrs.
Belknap was unwilling to end her
pleasure trip so abruptly. She poetod
oil'to Washington, saw Sudor R.ihn?
rn *
eon, and actually ; rovailed upon him
to coiiutormaiid the Powhatan's nailing
orders. The Swatara wa6 consequently
substituted and despatched
to the West Indies, while the Po?liiifun
I'ftinainAfl fit. At i-o H?>l I.- nn i
? y commands.
Tlio Powhatan is ono of tho iuo6t
poworlul cruisers of our poor navy
Her running expenses lire not Ie6s
than $18,000 a mouth. Yet Secor
Kohesun aufl Mrs. Belknap managed
to ki'Gp hot* out of service when
p.!jo was roully wanted, and to trans*
f<>rm her jnto an excui?i- 11 bargo for
a party of women and children.
mm m
A scientific authority says that a
propeny (juamiQii oim ram nove'butts
without iirst backing, This i?
true; and from tho way tho Domooi
alio Cotigross has been going back,
it will soon butt the ^uLlo end oif of
Selling *h? TradershipsThe
St. Louis Times publishes on
the Authority of a man who has been
engaged in frontier trading for tho
past eighteen years some very inter
?6ting facta conncctcd with that business.
lie says that Orvil Grant, the
brother of the President, has been
interested with Belknap in disposing
ot the trading posts fur money. Orvil
Grant, shortly after the appointment
of Belknap ns Secretary ot War, visited
most ot the posts on the U'ontier
and cancelled all the liconses issued
hv SiiPI'ntiipu ?e? ? 1
nun. xyuriuu unci
Peek, I wo government transportation
ngents on tlio frontier, held tlie prin?
cipal sntlorsliips at this time, and
wore astonished at Hie unexpected
chango. Mr. Peck investigated the
matter, and found Orvil Grant had
full authoiitv from ill"
..J .. vti V (JCV/I l/UH J U1
War to dispose of all trading pouts as
bethought lit. Mr. Peck applied to
Orvil Grant for authority lo retain
posts where his firm had invested
largo sums of money in buildings and
goods, and would agreo to it only on
terms of so much casli, down arid a
certain share of the prolit*; precisely
the same arrangement that existed
between Marsh and Evans Co. at
Fort Sill. Peck refused to comolv I
with these terms, nnd others received
tho appointments at Fort 15uford and
Fort I'eeSf.
A. C. Loightou was appointed sutler
upon tho terms proposed 6y Orvil
Grant, but tlic bonus required was
so large that ho lost money, a id subsequently
oH'ered to sell to Durfeo &
Peek. Tho latter agreed to buy,
but Leightou had (irst to obtain per*
mission to sell tn>m Orvil Grant. This
tho latter refused, and made easier
tentirt with Leighton.
The F<>rt Sully tradership wad taken
from l)in fVee Sc Peek and given j
to .John T. All'cy. Athey paid all
the money he had to get the post,
and wuh obliged to make terms with
Durlrco& L'eek to manage and run
! 4 n^l 1 ?
li. ahu uuier Linn leased irom mm
and carried 011 the business f>r a
year, when llie prolils accruing to
A they enabled liiin to manage the
business himself.
Dnrfoo & Peck had tho tradership
at Fort Sill, but it was given to Evans
<fe Co. Dui't'eo & Peck attempted to
carry on business in opposition to
Evans & Co.. but the officers of tlm
post were forbidden to give tlio soldiers
orders on any linn but Evans Sc
Co., and they wero toicod to abandon
the post. Orvil Grant went so
tar in Ids opposition to Durfoc &
Peck that he forbade those to whom
ho gave appointments to purchase
the goods or buildings belonging to
that firm. Orvil Giant also had an
arrangement with the interior department
?by which he controlled
many of the Indian trading posts.?
Thoao he disposed of in the stime
manner as the butlerships?to the
highest bidder.
Orvil Ctra111 was in the habit of
vis ting the military posts and Indian
( iin < ) i it A? r t 11 I i , ilin /til ill' II ii AH li t , . /i/\] 1 /k/it
iiuuiu^ ouimuiio uyuij jlftl iu v/wlluvyl
money duo him and his partner Bulk
nap, and tor this purpose lie had authority
truin Secretary iielknap t;>
draw upon any military posts for
ambulances, teams, and bucIi aid as
ho might require. His authority was
generally recognizee!, and ho was
_ ?i._ r i -.11 ..i iir..? i! ...
greuuy icivruu uu iiionjj uju uumiur.
J l)y authority lor those statements
is pr. has been for many
years past actively connected with
tlio firm of Durloo & I'eck, and
who has spent much of his lite
on tlm frontier, lie saVB that the
Congressional committee will open
up a rich load if thoy will investigate
hlFairs at Fort Butord,
The Georgia Legislature has adjourned
without onlling for a general
convention. No harm done, and no
capital for the Northern "bloody
shirt" Republicans.
? I.. i?
How Many More ?
The dcmoraliz ition wliicli followed
ill the wuko of our grout civil war I?;ih j
not ceased yet. Each day brings ub i
i 12 evidence of now bribery commit- :
ted or of old corruption revealed.? }
The highest ollices, which nono but1
;he purest in the land should fill, arc
occupied by swindlers. We need, perhaps,
not be mtich astonished to see
iv r.osviy emancipated slave whose
former position was not favorable to
moral development, play rather |
loosely with the commandments when
it is put in 11is power to make an easy
living, plenty of money and no work*
When, however, corruption invadeb
the greatest ollices in tt e govornnionti,
it alfocls by a rellex action the whole
nation and wo Joel that wo are to a
certain extent responsible for having
selected such public servants, and we
consider cmr good standing us a nation
imperilled. Revelations follow
each other with startling rapidity.?
The Emma Mine scandal seems to bo
now fixed on Minister Schenck; thore
is no doubt that he roccived somd
$50,000 to give English capitalists
confidence in the stock by having his
name connected with it; a Minister
at a foreign court who should repre?j
ocui mi; jjuod cnaracier oi ins j?ooj> 1 o
abroad. Thou ciune in quick succession
the uncovcrii.g of tho frauds'
of the Whiskey lling in tho Wujt,
which revealed gigantic fraudulent
operations; IJabeuck, tho President's
private Secretary, was acquitted by
a S'. Louis jury, but there are but
few people who do not think that lie
was tho soul of tho plot at Washington.
But ho had to be saved at any
risk, for if P>ubcock was guilty Grant)
111) i I lw? iittan/inf
?<vv WW ?. i W/Vil I I -A- I VJJ I U| > U I i I J
the Attorney General?and liero is
another outrage?sends for Dyer,
the District Attorney tor Missouri,
ami worms out of him his plans ot j
prosecution against Babcuck, ami the i
names of witnesses and tiio nature of j
the evidence, and communicatcs
them to Stores, the leading counsel
lor B ibeoek. A beautiful picture
lor an Attorney General. The iijbcoelc
excheuront has not subsided bolb
ro theic is another thunderclap,
tho bribery ol Belknap, the Secretary
of War, an ollijer of the President's
Cabinet; lie received &20,000
from one Maisli to secure to him the
post traderships at Fort Sill and other
army posts m the Southwest. Belknap
confesse.-?, resigns and the President
immeiiia'elv accepts his resignation,
so ns, il possible, to prevent
impeachment Being represented
by corrupt oUiecrs at home, by swiiul
le>"s abroad, we can hardly expect
admission into the society of civilized
nations. Tliero is a goo J dual of
Coutynnial w-.-rk ahead,
A Stautmno Kbtimate.?The Now
York Bulletin makos this startling
estimate of the losses to property and
trade by corrupt government:
4After allowing for I lie inevitable
addition to the taxes arising from
war expenditures, it may be ealely
estimated tliat for the lust ton years
the tuxes, including all kinds, have
been swelled by corrupt political ins
lluonces at lho rate of ?200,000,C0U a
year. It" this es4imate be correct, we
have paid within one decade $2,500,
000,000?an amount sufficient to ox^
tinguisb the whole national debt and
equal to four years net eMningg of
the nation?as the penalty tolerating
political corruption.'
Tlio President has decided to retain
Babcock. ('ant ex^Gov. Moses,
nrr?t sin in it I mnn t l?\r Prnoi ?
fri? -I I- - "J - v-"*
dont, 110 is ft game Rooster.
TI?o Government sues tlio New
York, New I lav cm and Hartford
Railroad for $.'500,000 unpaid taxes.
Jiocehor calls Bowen a dismal
ftwainp. lto probably wishes ho would
"dry tip."
-i<? o'>4-. t-.' iu-r*
Chamberlain and Parker- ;*?
- m m " -i i I flirt?
It ia generally known that IJSTif^a G.
t'arkor, of "Parker's haul'' notpriQty
WI\B.eonviff?H In n niull C.l?
~. ? ... ? vi i ii oni i>j niftf ifc
judgment entered against him for,tJbfrauding
the State to tho amount,of
?75,000, which is only 50 potVcftnt, of
tho money which ho stole. Barker
wasrelcasod from jall upon habeus
oorpue by an intimate friend of Gbam->
bcrlnin, and in an improper way, As
llio Supremo Court lias decided. AItor
liia release, Parker was again arrcatod
on a criminal elmrgo lor this
fraud, and gavo bail in tho small sum
of ?2,500 for his appooranee whim
called. Since thin lime ho Una rbfiMfed
111 xi uv* uvjroy.
Now, tho report comes-to,-?w, -with
how much truth wo do not know,
that Parker hus written to frionds in
Columbia expressing his willingnotd
to return and tell all that ho knows,
providod he can got immunity. -It is
further assorted that ho says that tho
tostimony of Captain Ladd, given in
il.ntiMnl * tl m
>uv V1IHI U1 XUIIVV1, in liI UU, A I* \V )I1
bo romombcred that tbe amount mi aping
from the treasury was abo^t
8450,000, and Captain Lmdd tCBtiiiod
that I'avkor roeqived $150,000, (Jha??^
borlain $50,000, and other variops
sums, making the amount of doficit.
The jury rcturnod a verdict in accord
unco wiui me testimony, ami, or
course, l his vol diet leave# ft
renting upon the fair fume of our
ritun Govornor. That Parkor is in
New Jorsoy, is assorted and, wo boy->
liovc, admitted, llo offers to relish
and make a c'.can breast of it if immunity
bo granted. If Chambcrlajp
is slandered, why docs ho not grant
the immunity?let l'arlcer re), 4^)7?
give uiu lu.itory ux nm uneving janu
convict the other rubbers? But u?
talco another view of this mattor.?
Parker is a fugitive from, ju3^ice-rrhp
is in jSow .jersey. Why doos nx^t
Govornor Chamberlain make a re^uij
sition for him and brin?j him b:\ck tp
Columbia? We loavo these questions
be answered by Democrats who m'o
throwing their hats in tho air. au^l
shouting hosannau to Chamberlain.
If Parker is wauled ho cau by found^
But just hero id the rub. Would iho
party in power liko to see Puricpr
again in Columbia,!' Words are leavejij
gontlomcn?doeus are fruite. -Uoj^,
tell us you would liko to aeo him, buj.
prove it to ua by your actions.-^
Lauronsvillo Herald.
* 1?
A Boy Scared to Death.?I n Ko\v
York, on Thursday, William S. Parsons,
aged 15 yoara, who wa-t sick, was
given by his father a quantity of aconite
in mistake for his regular medicine.
lie told the hoy of this and ho
was so badly frightened that ho diejJ
immediately. Physicians were eallpcl
and said that tho boy d ed from hcarji
disease, the rosnlt of fright.
In Jones County, Ga., somo days
sineo Charlos 1*\ Bird killod his brother
Pleas. Cf. Bird. Tho killing seems
to have boon dono in self defense. Tho
evidence before tho coroner's jury
shows that they wero both drunk and
that Fleas. was rushing on Charlcft
with a pioco of lightwood, and Charles
defended himself with a knifo.
A Now York letter says: Soulhorn '
vogetables and fruits tiro boginuiHg to
crowd tho city market*, (iroon peas
from Florida iiro soiling at S-lftO to $5 '
por crate, and cucumbers at from 80
to ?0 per dozen; lottuco .r>0 to 75 cents
por do/.on; straw bo n ios $4 to ?0 por*
quart. Bermuda potatoes aro also >
beginning to make thoir appoaranco.
The easo of Ilogc, tlio Congressman,
goes to tho committeo without
any defense, and as ft consequence
IIo?o will bo ruled out*
n ?iM
Tho Now Hampshire Republicans
think tlio Bolknap bombshell comos
at a most uofortonalo time.
- "T" ?
llevcrdv Johnson was insured for
$100,000; ClmrlcB O'Connor is worth
a million.
Whon wo road of Bowon, lteoclicr^
Babcoclc and Belknap, v?o woll may
inquire, "Can flitch thinga B?"

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