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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, April 27, 1876, Image 1

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YOk Y. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1876. NO. 34.
* kt tlll.1 l_ . ni i ? i - - - - '
?cw jjignt on an uia joddurql4rt,
perjury and most villain:
MU j . \ ? .?
^ ' ' 6u8 od&spirtacy.
Washington, April 9.?The story
of, tbo siifo burglary conspiracy,
wtif&tT, taken altog6thor, is probably
one of the most rcmarkablo in the
annals of crime, is soon to bo laid bo
fnrr> tlin Iiiit.lin in nil ilo flotnita I1' ?->
c.Qnfqqeions of YVhitely and Nettloship,
two of tho piincipal agents employd
by the original conspirators,
fastens the toils around Babcock and
Harrington, and deepito tho almost
superhuman exertions which will be
made by tho District King to save
f 1i Am !?/%? n 'ft ! r\l ? n /\ n 1 ? ,-1
13ut will these two miscreants have
to expiate tho sins of the other and
^ perhaps gniltior men who stood be*
hind them! This is the inquiry that
addresses itself to every man as he
reads the story as it has now beon
unfolded by two of the principal actors.
It is so plain that neither of
flhicm could possibly have any motive
to driginnte such a conspiracy.?
Neither is it likely that Babcock and
Harrington were alono the originAi*n
AkP f li/\ -?!/-? fr Y\7 L'lnl . *
nvvi O VI tliu UKU TV II 11 V3I V (II1U
Nottleship undertook to execute.-Doubtlees
both Harrington and Bab
cock had sufficient malice to load
them to conspire the ruin of one or
two coricepondents who had shed a
t flood of light on their dark and devious
ways. But is it possible that
thojr alone deliberately planned the
Jest r net ion of hall a score of eminent
gentlemen, whose only offence t
tliem wty* the petitioning of Congress
tor an investigation into the affairs of
v the District government.
as read in the light of the develop
^ muiits (?t tlie last tew days, is as follow#;
When a commit too of Congress
bogan some years ago to investigate
tlie frauds and thefts of the Washington
Improvement King, the influential
persons concerned, whom a
discovery would have ruined,stopped
at nothing to prevent it. The coins
mitteo had, fortunately, help from
some of the honest and substantial
v citizens of Washington, chief among
whom was Mr. Columbus Alexander,
a gentleman who has shown remarkable
pertinacity and ability in his
long pursuit of the Ring. It was at
Mr. Alexander's suggestion that the
committee required the leading men
of the Iting to produce tho hooks in
which the course and cost of tho city
improvements were sot down, and
who pointed out, when a sot of books
tnni'A *M?Ar1n/?A/l ' ?
and that tlio genuiuo books were still
concealed. Thereupon it occurred
to Bonio of tlio Iting to endeavor
by implicating hiift in wbat would
liave tho appoarancc of a criminal
act. A epy was sontto Mr. Alexan(lnr
wllft tnlH liitn fliof llm I'unl
^ , .. --W w?v? MIIU Iimv vuv 1UH UVUIVO
were in a Bafe in the oflice of tbe
District Attornoy, and that if he
would pay a certain aura of money
the office could bo entered, the a.ifo
broken open and the books handed
over to him. Mr. Alexander replied
that ho would have nothing to do
with such a transaction, and this little
plot failed. The plan of entrapping
' liini, however, l^id boon formed, and
was not ao easily abandoned. Two
burglars had been hired, and other
preparations mado, and bo tho spy
was ngain sont to Mr. Alexander with
a simpler proposition?that on a certain
night the books would bo brought
to him; and it was determined by the
conspirators to nost well instructor!
Ipolicomon in such a way as to seize
Hi'. Alexander while ho was in the
not of accepting tho boohs. All the
arrangements were, theroforo, made
for a givon night. Tho police who
usually guarded tho district attorney's
ofiicb wore dismissed or eont tc
a distance; two professional burglars,
- _
tlio King, nnd brought down from
Now York, wore introduced into tlio
building, and policomen in Iho cou^
fideuco of tho Ring wore atationcd
outaide, for tho double purpose of
preventing interrnption and of following
tho burglars to Mr. Alexanrlnr'a
linnan whnn llmo olinuld
obtained tho books. Tho safe was
blown open, a aliam set of books taken
ont, and with theso tho burglars proceeded
toward Mr Alexander's
house, followed at a short distance by
the policemen, ready to pounce upon
Mr. Alfiyandoi" nk tlio
ment, and to conveniently suffer the
burglars to escape attor having identified
happened on the way. The time was
I o'clock at night. The burglars,
carrying the sham hooks had forgotten
the number of Mr. Alexander's
house; and aftor wandering past it,
and when about to ring the bell ol
t 11 n ttrfjkVtr# Imno^ %x.vl!?-?
...v .. ""ft >iuUQb| IUV jJUHUU, BUJJ"
poeod to bo in vigorous pursuit ot
them, had actually to call them and
direct them to the right, house! Arrived
there they rang the boll, but
in vain. Mr. Alexander, thinking
little or nothing of the proposed delivery
of the books, and at any rate
determined to take no notice of irregular
proceedings with whioh ho
would have nothing to do, had gouo
| to bed at his usual hour. The bell
I had vvakened no ono. in tho. lin?n?> ?
The burglars ami the sham police
were both | orplcxed; the area bell
rung wi h no better Bucoess; and,
finally, af.er consultation between
the burglars and the police, I he whole
party di camped. The next day
Washington was excited b'y the report
that a most daring burglary
had been committed and the safe
blown up in District Attorney liarringto
i'b olliee, and all means were
usuil to show that the persecutors ol
the Ring hud been guilty of this
crimo. But alter a while
and several <>f the actors in it were pre
secuted; but always unsuccessfully.
And no wonder, for the chiefs in this
conspiracy had very powerful friends,
and moreover the conspiracy had
been very shrewdly managed so as
to conceal the chiefs from the knowledge
of the subordinates in such a
way that but two confidential agente
knew who were tho real authors ol
the plot. At last, however, by the
nundfttatit nffiirta of Mr
I " 4 % Vy *
and others, Harrington, tlio dibtricl
attorney, a particular friend of Shep
herd and Dabcock, and an intimate
at the Wliito Ilouee, was indictec
and brought to trial. The caso against
him had been confided to Mr. A. G
Riddle as assistant attornuy-goneral
and Mr. liiddlo, who had receivec
hia appointment because ho wai
known to be tUG par*onal friend o
domo of the Ui"g, but who happenoc
to be an honest and ineorrnptibh
lawyer, was about to eonvict liar
I rington, when tho public wits as
tounded first to see Harrington, thou
under trial for a felony and a prisoner
on bail, conspicuously
where lie appeared as a welcome anc
favored guest, and second, Mr. Rid<
die suddenly, and tor no reason, removed
from bis post of prosecuting
attorney. Thereupon tho trial hrnl?
down, lint the general conviction o:
Harrington's guilt was 00 strong tha
the Ring, who had usod this weal
young man, now found it neceeBarj
to drt>p him, and he drifted back ti
his homo in Delaware and into obscurity.
Tho prosecution, long baf
1 fled, was nut dropped; but con von
ient nroHfifiiiJinw Jittnrnnvn rinAlniw
I 1? " J " -
i grand juries, and during last summoi
> a shftm and falsely porgonated bai
giver delayed and frustrated the dif
i terent attempts to bring this scanda
, lous crime to ligbt. At last, it seeing
f an investigating 90111 uiiMeo of t,li
present House baa got at the key to
tlio mystery, and it is to bo hoped that
the patient efforts of Mr. Proctor
Knott and bis fellow committee men
will succeed in dragging the authors
to tho light and to punishment.
The Chinese Puzzle
Tho decision of tlio Supremo Court
of tho United Statos says tlio San
Francisco Chroniclo, declaring Cali*
fornia legislation to prevont tho immigration
of Mongolians to this State
unconstitutional, has had tho salutary
cnect oi awakening a lively public
attention to this great and growing
ovil. In this respect it is welcome.?
Thotimo has arrived when something
must bo done for tho protection of
fcocioty, or there is dangor that tho
Stato will in timo bo overrun with
thoso barbarous hordes, and bo no
longer dcsirablo as a place of residonco
for whito people.
In his communication to tho board
of supervisors directing attention to
tho subject tho mayor has graphically
described somo of tho grievances already
sufFercd from tho presence hero
of the Chinese; but thcro is a ropuleivo
insidp history connoctcd with this
peoplo which can only bo lcarnod by
frequent visits to their haunts anil tho
study of tho luibits which mako their
residenco among us undcsirablo. It
is evident that thoso w ho have never
visited California arc in gross ignoranco
of tho afflictions thoir influx entails
upon tho State. Thoy aro rc>
mote from tho scene, and.refuse us
their sympathies and assistance to
get rid of tho evil, hecausc they cannot
realize its threatening character,
nor understand the extent to which
iU onoroachincuts have reached.?
Kvory steamship that arrives from tho
Orient adds from fivo to fifteen bun
c!rod of those people to our population.
They aro poured into thin ci13', where
many of them remain, while the others
scatter abroad; and as subsistence
, is, of course, a necessity of their lives,
these underbid and supplant poor
whilo men in different vocations, go
into our charitable institutions. At
this rato of increase, with an empire
1 containing four hundred millions ot
, souls to draw from, it can easily bo
1 soon that at 110 distant day tbo Chi,
ncso may absorb and outnumber tbo
j six hundred thousand ol our whiio
i population.
Theso pcoplo cannot becomo citizons,
or do thoy as a gonoral thing
dC8iro citizenship. Thoy aro brought
; hero as serfs under contract to the
different wealthy Chincno companios,
ind altor they havo acquired a fow
'.iimdrcd dollars, which is a lortuno to
" thorn, depart to China to enjoy it.?
Their return, thus enriched, stimir
* latca immigiation, which may bo ox'
pccted to grow larger from year tc
t year so long as tho State is doniod thc
right to place restrictions upon thoii
coining. Thoy nionot only scrls, but
i idolutors. They havo no homostoad:
3 but thoir shops, whoro thoy hurdle to
f gether liko shoep, and liko sheep an
| moved by a common impulse, by the
3 mob spirit, when they havo a real 01
imaginary wrong to avonge. Thorc
aro but a low women among thorr
who aro not ol tho viler sort, ant
this is 0110 of the most obnoxious loat
uros of their communities. Wo art
jostled by thom on tho sidewalks
forccd to stand up in tho stroot car?
' whilo they ocoupy tho scats, to si
* bosido tlicm in places of amusomont
and in many othor rospocts to undorJ
go an onforced association with them,
) because tlioy claim certain social rights
f which thovo is no powor in th3 law to
t torbid or restrain.
{ These aro a fow of tho griovanccs t(
r which wo aro compollod lo submit no
. ine.lmliul in Lholiat.nf f 11 ill rrrniif.ni* nnoi
J ?*' ? ? rocitod
in tho Mayor's communication
Wo prosumo no romody can bo obtained
through tho steamship linon
I who, as long as thoy aro paid (or oar
rying this sort of human freight, wil
I not rofuso it. Then Congress mua
bo appealed to, as is proposed, for ro
II dross. Tho delegation to bo sont t<
" that body from this Stato will hav<
S enough argumonts to mako out j
o strong case in their favor. They will
doubtless, have tho assistance nlso ot
our Senators and Roproaontativos, and
perhaps ot thoso also of Oregon and
If tho law could bo mado to reach
l tho Chinoso companios by forbidding
thorn to mako advances to thoso sorls,
coolica, or whatovor olso they nifty ho
callod, ftnd which, in fact, nro tho
dcopoBt rooia of tho ovil, it would bo
roachod; for thoro is not ono in a
uiuuwuiu ui mo ciass most, oujccLionablo
who would othorwiso bo ablo to
roach our shores.
Next SenateThe
elections in Now Hampshire
and Connecticut having mado it cor.
tain that the new Senator troni the
former will continue to be a Republican;
and from the latter a Democrat,
it becomes interesting to inquire
how in all probability the benate
will bo divided politically on the
coming in of the next Administration
ti.o *?
tnu u\,iiuiu v/uuoiovo ui ouvumy lOUl"
members. Thoro is a vacancy in
Louisiana; but for our present purpose
\ve will assign tho 6eut to the
Democrats. There are four 60 called
Imlcpendants in the Senatf, namely,
Christianc}', Hamilton, Booth and
Cameron of "Wisconsin. Wo will
classify them all as Republicans,
though it is rather doubtful whether
liooth ought to be thus placed. Di.
viding tho present Senate in this
manner, it stands forty tour Republicans
and thirty Democrats.
Tlio tot ms of twenty six Senators
expiro with Grunts administration*
of these, seventeen are Republicans
and nine are Democrats. Of the
seventeen States now represented by
these Republicans, that party is reus
onably sure to havo the new Senators
in L?wa. Kansas, Maine, Massacliu**
setts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nobrass
ka, New Hampshire, Rhode Island}
S nth Carolina and Wisconsin. The
last elections in these States show
that the Republicans aro pretty certain
to retain their eleven Senators.
The other six States aro Arkansas,
Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas
and New Jersey; and there is scarce
ly a doubt that the Democrats will
wrest their six Senators from tho Re
The ni 110 States in which the terms
of Democratic Senators expire next
March, are Alabama, Delaware,
Goorgia, Kentucky, North Carolina,
Oregon, Tenneseo, Virginia, and
West Virginia. There is no doubt
that tho Democrats will securo the
new Senators from those States.
Assuming, thon, that wo ftro correct
in our calculations, how will tho
, next Senate stand? It no now State
> is admitted to tho Union, tho Senate
will consist of sovonty four members,
i, of which thirty eight will constitute
a majority. Giving tho Republicans
tho tour so called Independents, and
5 conceding to tho Democrats tho va
cunt seat in Louisiana, tho Republicans
luive in tho ] resent Senate, as
already stated, forty four members;
and tho Democrats thirty. Now, it
tho Republicans lo6e the Senators in
tho ?ix Statos wo have named, and
tho Democrats gain them, then, in
tho next Senate, tho Republicans
would have thirty eight, and the
Democrats thirty six.
This estimate makes tho new Senate
so evonlv balanced that a loss of
i ouo by tlio Republicans would pro**
> duce a tio; and tlioro tiro tnuny shrewd
politicians who will insist that tho
> Democrats will stand tho best chance
1 to'got tho Senator in Wisconsin. This
1 would give tho Democracy thirty
seven, Thoro aro others who beliovo
that a regular Republican cannot be
1 olccted in South Carolina; and si ill
I others who think that Booth should
L not bo counted among tho Republi
s cane,
5 At all events, it in cloar that the
p probabilities in regard to tho politi?
x cal complexion of the now Senate aro
, yery nicely balanced; and whether
the Democrats or tho Republicans
6lmll have the majority, may dopond
upon tho influence which will be ox^
erted in two or throo doubtful States
by (ho personal character and antecedents
of the two candidates for
President.?Now York Sun.
Bail Columbia !
Tho Now York Tribune, Republican,
Senator Morton has won a victory.
Tho Republican Convention at Columbia,
South Carolina, has practically do
clarod for him. Tho Convention had
a very ploasnnt and lively meeting.
All tho grout lights of tho party wero
prcsont, and worked lor Morton like
heroes. Whippcr was there, tho man
whom tho Governor refused to commission
as judgo because ho had such
a bad character. Mosos was thoro
who was rojocted for tho snmo ronson.
NVhittomoro was thoro, who was turn
od out of tho XLIst Congress for solling
ondetsbips, and donicd admission
nnuu il?J V1III1U UllUK IlgHlIl U00UUS0 110
wnB infamous. Senator Patterson was
thoro until, as a reporter brutally oxpresses
it, ho "got soared" and ran away.
Mr. Swails, a statesman of color,
presided over tho gathering, and
Mr. Elliott, another distinguished
black man, whom Judgo Maokoy torsoly
described to his faoo as tho captain
of a gang of thieves, regulated
dobato with his revolver. A moro
enumeration of tho company, howov.
or, would give but a faint indea of the
naturo of tho festivities. "Liar" and
"villian," qualified by theological adJoctivos
wcro tho mildost of tho opithets
toasod to and fro upon tho raging
sea of discussion. Furniture flow
through tho air; tho ruins of overthrown
desks ondangorod tho nimblo
shins of tho dologatos; and in tho crisis
of tho proooodingi a chair, flourished
over tho head of Governor
Chamberlain, camc near bringing Lbe
auti-U?ng faction of tho party to sud
don dissolution. Meanwhile tho pro~
ocoJings in tho gallery soom to have
viod in interest with tho oflioial transactions
on tho floor. Somo Northern
visitors of the gontlor box, unusod to
tho politioal customs of Columbia,
fainted dead away, and tho negro
wives ot iho honorable fighters down
bolow ran shrioking through tho passages
and elattoring down the stairs.
Quiet having boon at last restored by
tho oxhuuation of tho combatants, and
tho gontloman with tho pistol supprossod
by tho oombinod physical
foroo of tho nowspnpor ropoitors, tho
Convotition proocodod to rulo out all
tho Chamborlaiu or Kcform dolegaloB,
and put the maohino in working ordor
to eonU Morton dolognt.oa to Cinoinnftti.
Tho history of thcflo proceedings is
worth romeunboring. bccaueo by and
by whon tho friends of Mr. Morton
begin to press his olftims a littlo mor?
boldly, wo shall hoar a great doal about
tho oppression of tho oolorcd people
in tho South and tho villanous
schomos of tho Ku-Klux to skin Elliott
and SwNilft alive. It is only as
tho protector of tho olass which has
iust made (his picturosquo domonstralion
nt Columbia that Air Morton has
tiny moaning an a oandidatc for the
nomination. H wo may bo allowod
the expression, it is tho rod and raggod
shirt of Swails that is carriod bofovo
him as a labarum. llis only policy
is to porpotuato tho supromacy of
the faction which Judgo Mackoy happily
charactoriiscd as a gang of thiovos'?
llin fftfltinii whifili in l-nftrnonnln/l I
Mosob, Whittomoro, and tho'.r black
dupoB in South Carolina, by Sponcor,
llays, Hester and Hinds in Alabama,
by Ames in Mississippi, by Casoy and
Kellogg at Now Orleans. Morton
moans nothing but tho 'ruling out' ol
tho docont Kcpublicans who aro trying
in soveral of tho Southern Staton
to administer political affairs on the
bams of tho Ton Commandments. The
ftAll 11 ft**/ !\<1? Kn<l onnn r\(
V.J ....v. vuvrUg.l WI UHUVIIDIrl*1
tntional onforcemont laws, enough oi
tho irresponsible rule of deputy marsh*
als, enough of tho omploytnont of tho
troops to carry oloctions, and reigns
ol terror established by an ingonious
consfcablo shooting a hole in his own
hat. Robbing tho postoflico to get
funds for political purposes, treating
legislators \Vith cards and drugged
whiskey to provont their voting, cs-?
tablishlng a Legislature and a wholo
forco of exeOutlvo olllcers by ft Void
mandamus signed at midnight iti a
judgo's bedroom, breaking up a local
political organization by tho issuo o
blank orders of arrest, and dotailing
soldiors to aid in the elevation to
?i -i
|svs*?vk \yi I^iiviaut, UHIUII illlU BIIUII1U*
lossly venal negroes, dcsreputnblo
whito adventurers, the peddlers ol cadotships,
and tho judges whose tiamrs
no honest Amoriean can speak without
blushing?these arc the chief features
of the Morton program mo which
has already made the South a scandal
to civilization and threatens to convert
it into a desert. Those riotous
porsong at Columbia aro tho full flavored
product pf the Force bill school
of Republicanism, and tho delibcrato
judgment of the nation is that thoy nvo
not tho part of tho South which nocds
Disappearance of Georgia LakesA
third lako in Lowndes county
has been otnptiod of its waters by subterranean
passagos during tho last six
months. What is tho matter? The
Times has sovor.il times nlludod to
the fact tluxt Lowndes county had
within its borders numbers of lakes
from ten to five hundred (and several
beyond ft thousand) !>cres in size, and
can it bo that these lakes arc all connected
with a giand underground
water course? It seems so. In September
last ono driod up or ran off,
and left bushels upon bushels of fish
in holes of water about upon the bottom
of tho lake. In January another,
about five miles from this, did tho
samo thing; and now Grassy pond, a
lako covering about live hundred
acres, just between tho two just men
! < i..u noi.n.
tlUUUU, una IUH i ID 1111111 ?_M i o \J 1 uouto
iOut of water. About throe weeks ago
it was roportod thut the waters of this
! lako woro sinking below low water
mark, and everyday or two wo would
hear that it was still going down.
Last Friday a report spread all
over tho county like, wildfire thnt
Grassy pond was low enough to ralto
tho fish out with nets, and by suit
down more than ono hundred people
had oolloctcd at tho placo, somo had
dip nots, somo cast nots, and there
was ono soino in the party. Tho first
haul with tho scino caught enough
trout, jack, beam and speckled perch
to mako a "moss" for every ono pros
ont. During tho night nil tho water
disappoarod and thoro wero millions
of fish loft dead upon dry land. Saturday,
next day, tho plan tors hitchcd
up thoir wagons and haulod load altor
load and ecattorod thorn in thoir fields
for manure, and thousands woro loft
at tho morcy of buzzards, hogs and
othor croaturos of proy. Such <piantitos
of fish and such destruction has
novcr boon known in tho history of
Lowndes county. No ono over dreams
od that thoro was half that quantity
of fish in Grassy pond, though it was
colobratcd for its fine fishing grounds
in the spring of tho year. Tho other
two lakes abovo mentioned did not
run thus completely dry, and the fish,
that wero not caught woro saved by
tho Wfttor returning in a few days
from its hidden retreat in tho bosomo
of tho oarth. Wo learn that Grassy
pond is filling up again, but it is too
late to savo the finny tribe. Those
statemonts aro not at all exaggerated,
and can be tostified to by several
hundred pooplo living in this conn ty>
i though it in marvellous to nil.- -Vali
dosta (Ga.) Times.
Bad luck is simply n man with his
hand* in his pockots and his pipe irv
his mouth, looking on to sec how it
( will come out. Good luck is a man
of pluck, with Lis sleeves cooled up
aiul working to make it conio out all
' right.
lllnino, as Mr. Tiu-kor wroH puts it,
is running "tho Stales' lli^hts bugaboo/'
against Morton's "ftloody

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