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The Pickens sentinel. [volume] (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, November 04, 1886, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026913/1886-11-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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V O L.ta1 t,1 N O. r(mnei tF1. r_
Till TIiUE 'TOIIV O' MI. I,.\\iV 1S
. III.AIAP'Y1 lll I i..
'cdded to n Sot Whom, It'r liounty S.t pirt. .
Wounded by Uatiunmy, b,ut .t wnyl lrr .
(torldon Correspo "le o3 N w Yo k ii h )
Just before Mrs. Langtry sailed for
America a Supe)lCr wis given her by a few
of those who knew her best to bid her
good-bye and give he1+courage. Ainong
those preselt was henry Irving, wlho
said to her at parting, "(lod" speed you,
Mrs. Langtry, and i ring you safe iii r
turning. I hope we shall see you very
soon again."
''Perhaps before you think," was the
answer. "If they gleel me as they did
before-I'm coming home and shall give
it up."
This little speech, with its half-healtcd
laugh, was the most pathetic bit of her
self and of her lile that Lillie Langtry
has ever given to any one. It meant
much, and it conveyed more, perllaps,
to those present than it possibly could
have to any ono else, for they knew her
bettor and the life she has endured.
With heightened interest, every word
by cable and otherwise that foretold the
reception to be given Mrs. Langtry by
the American press has been watched for
eagerly by ninny anxious friend, by one
or two intimate friends in particular.
To-day word has come which seems to
prove beyond a ctoubt thut the mean at
tacks of previous years have omlitted and
that the unhappy woman is being for
gotten in the actress. It is grateful news
to Mrs. Langtry's friends, altlloiugh the
cruelty of the past can never be torgiven.
They wonder, aulJ with much reason,
if the America'l prmss knew the woman
whom they libi lied, even by sight. it
does not seem ae if it were pos eible that
they could know even as much of her as
this and say, even for money, or for
vengeance, or for petty professi:nal sac
cess, the things some of th(ni-.d.
One of \trs. Leegtry's closest and
most intimate friends is a literary woman
of position, of undoubted honesty and
virtue, and of ulnerring insght into
human nature. From her comes abso
lute confirmation of these facts of \lrs.
Langtry's life. I send them to the
Graphic because I. believe you are the
one of all the New York editors who
never fails to recognize uad* give due
credit to an honest woman. I want your
readers to know\' a side 01 tone - woniani's
nature as it is surely not kntlouIn in
If I were to go ilto details the details
might 1e disputed. 1 will state nothing
but facts which bear witiess.to their own
truth-simply those III solate necessary
for coherence.
Lillie Langtry was married at tihe age
of ten. She had been brought up very
quietly, but still, us many girls are, with
the idea that sure happiness lay only
where there is monley. When Mr. Lang
try admired her and asked her hand i
marriage the one main thought inl the
child's mind was her brother. This lad
-she was particularly fond of, anad when
she become sure that it lay iii her power
to educate the boy and have hii always
with her she accepted thme olkered lmlar
riage. From the day of her narriage to
the present. time it is doubted if Mrs.
Langtry ever saw her husband free for
an hour from the ell'ects of liquor. For
a time there was a compar'ativtly happy
life, yachting and llying about, butt it
was little llapliesiCs a1nd of Sma1ill dura
Soon caime the deaLth of her brother.
He was killed by a fll4luring a huint.
Then the facets lay before heor. Shle
had made the sacrifice for nothing. To'(
please her family, to have her brother
with her, and to do for him what his
p)e01l1 could niot do, this girl, this ailmoitt
childl, had thrown herwelf away. Abso
lutoly and in every wayi it was; a com1
plete sacrifice. Heir hulsban.ld wats a hlope
less dIrunkard, a beastly druinkatrd. In
tho three years that she had fthen1 beeni
married lie had niever appronehed her
with one word or action of the lover or
of a4 husband. She simply bore the name
of wvife, and the disgrace of beinig yoked
to a man11 who wais a phlysical wireck and
a4 confirmed (1run kard.
What wonder is it that social t riump1hs
b)ecamle dear; wVhat wonder thmat the staige
and America seemed to oft'er a release to
a wvoman acknowledgedh to bue thle most
beautiful wvoman ini England? ' Small
wonder, indeed.
Bunt what did this unhappy womanl get
for her endeaclvor to hionestly put her
talents to account and to eain for herself
an hionest living?
What, indeed, but eahan nniaion, sean
dali, lies, unhappiness, misery anid abso
lute terror! Nothing from the world.
From one main shue got aL quiet, earniest
devotion, that in three years has niever
failed to be a ecomfort to her, which she
has neover failen to honor!
iDid it bring any respect for her? in
stead it brought uo'wn upon01 her head re
doubled0( insuilt, more deterinedco out
rage, and meaner, mioie conitempl1tile
lies. She, whose only sin lay in thet fact
that, being bound by law to an watuho
had absolutely niove- elauied lher ats his
wife, perlmitted thue dlevotioni oft aL mani
who would gladly have given her' hiis
name- -shLe, whose only siin was this, was
treated as a Magdalen, as an outcnst
would be treated.
DJo Americans and AmerOli'.-an n ewspa
por men ever think of tlhis, out side of
the stor '? D)o.tniey ever think fthat int
all thoes< years they cannoIl(t put aL lgr
01n4 a person whot ever heard thi: womn
say one w'ord( agamiat her besattedi hu s
b)and? IDo they kno~w that her homit
hupp)lorts him? Do t hey ever think tinut
if was aL had thing to be 0one womn
stand(ling lon)o iiudt be nig stoned by the
entire populiLtionl of aL counttry like
America? Ditd they ever think of the
bravciry, of the womanilinlless andi of tihe
unflinching courage~t of a woman tlhat
could hear and1( see and( know iall thiese
things saLid of her anid never, even to her
friends, comp)Ilaini of the wounds in
flicte3d? I)o you suppose that lany in
significent p aralgrap~h writer' that at
-' tAomplted to be funny aIt this poor
womnan's exponse over thought of theO
tears, thet shlaml and1( hieartsmek mlisery
his wretched joke wouldi bring upJonL her'
D)o you aulpposoe that any womian who
floutel hr beamn sim oa no li-~a.i
or child with her, ever thought of the
longing that there might be in this poor
a'tress woman's heart for a home and a
husband and a baby of her own?
In all mercy I cannot 'think these
thuigs have ever been presented to these
pe'oplo as some of us feel it here. 1 do
not tliik those bitter lies will ever be
brought iii) again, sine the victim is
I,etter kiown at her real value.
Still, if they are, I hope some one will
bring to thc author's mind the Picture of
this bravc, unhappy soul. A beautiful
womitu still, at brave woman still, and a
successful wom:an as well, we who know
her b)est know she would gladly give it
oil for the home, the love and, 'bove all,
the peace, which she, above all others,
cod11(1 5 pitifully apreciate.
.\n 0 114 bcene a: a 1recept)II In the %SVhue
livuw., \Vithl n % iviior i apIpoirteid.
( littnor A mu'ia.)
As the ushers began to gather the
crowd together in a semi-circle in the
East. Boom, awaiting the President's en
trar.ce for his regular Monday reception,
they gave a little start when they looked
toward the south window, for leaning
against the pillar near the Green Room
door was the fac-simile of the President.
At first the ushers thought the President
had come into the room beforo them,
but a second glance showed their mis
take, for besidO the living picture of
President Cleveland stood a lady and a
little baby boy about two years old. The
ushers turned to a number of newspaper
men who were standing by and laughed
at the nmistake. Soon the President
came in and took his place, but the man
that looked like him still leaned against
the pillar, and gave every one a chance
to compare the two men and thus see
the resemblance. The only difference
was that the President weighed a hun
dred more pounds than his double. But
the President had not noticed the gen
tleman, for there were a number of
ladies among the first to speak to him,
and he began at once to shako hands,
"lfow'dy do? ]Iow'dy do?" he ex
claimed, and finally, when two little girls
came along, like Pooh-Bah in the
''Miklado," he said, ''How'dy do, little
girls, low'dy do?" and some of the big
ger girls laughed heartily. One gentle
man brought his little son along and in
troduced him as ''the future 'resident
of the United States." The President
looked at the little boy and said, ''Is
thut so?" At last the President's fac
simile gathered up his little boy in his
trins and called his wife, and got in line,
and in ..no taim reached the President.
Everyonie hi h(o has seen Robson and
Crane p)oy the '"'Two ])romios' has
laughed heartily when the two meet face
to face for the tirst time, and scc the
resenblauice ho tween each other. Or
again, a great ).Aany people have seen
that ionseisieal farce, '' Th 'Iwo
.ohns,' and perhaps the President and
his fac-simile to-day are better described
by this contrat. These two meet after
innuuerable escapades, in which one is
taken for the other. They, too, are sur
prised when they meet face to face.
When the President's double came up to
shake hands with him to-day, every one
expected to see the same scene:; enacted
in the White House; but they were dis
appointe(l. The President looked at the
gentleman, smiled a little---perhaps at
the likuness--patted the fat baby on the
cheek, shook hands with the wife, and
the crowd passed on. There was a dis
alpointed party, who had waited to see
what the IPresident would do when lie
saw the man that looked like him.
s+onuc \Viy(' P'oin1tH for IuItIMII'M M( .M n \ hso
Trii,Ie nt -rong Hour.
Moderate dirinkers erngaged in p)ursuiits
calling for jud(gmient and acumen, and
who use liquors during business hours,
end, with searcely an exept-ion, as finian
eiad wrecks, however successful they may
be in withstanding the physical conse
tiuecnces of their inidulgenice. Thousands
who retain their health andl are never
ranked as victims of inltemperance, lose
their property, wreck their business and
arc thrown into bankruptcy because of
t.ipp~linlg habits (durinig business hours.
These men are not dlrunikards, and only
close ob)servers can detect the influence
(if strong drink in their deportment; but
nevertheless lignuor gives themi false
nerve, makes them reckless, clouds the
judgment, and( soon1 involves them in
bad purchases, worse sales, anid ruinous
cont racts. Sooner oi later it is shown
that the habit of tippling during business
hours is a forerunner of banikruptey.
Let every such (drinker review his busi
ness transactions f(ir a series of years
and answer whether this statement is not
Liquor acts on t.he brain in the same
manner as5 chloroform or ether, pirodlue
ing a stimulation which affects cool
thought, followed by a deplression1 corre
spion<ding to the amount of the (lose.
What man would exp)ect to succeed in
business if he were accustomed to taike,
while at work, even very slight whifis of
ether, chloroform, or lauighinig-gas and
keep) himself all the time, more or less,
under siieh hecloudling influences? Such'
a man, eveni if able to prieserve his
heailth, would gitow reckless, logniacious,
and1( soon prove lAo match for a clear
headed riv'al. Liquor is an indispensable
ial ay wherever victims are systemuatically
Ilh-ced, and its ell'ects are seen also ini
the rivalries of legitimate biusiness. TIhe
profe.ssioinal gamblhler' keeps a free bar,
btt never dlrmksl hiimself wheni at the
table; and i, while a sober, clear -headed,
liquor(i, lit v.uild gain great ad(vanltalges
froma thei lat ter's -elf-sotught indulgence.
Liquotar shotws~ it.s vicltims not. only in
saloonis and,t giblinig (tells but about
boards of tradei and stock exchaiiges and1(
in (eery linie of butsiness retquiin1g a
el:anr, ct ot head. Moderate dirin Ikers whoi
II atemipt to (d0 butsiniess wit-h eveni slight
'excited brainis are the menCi wVho are all1
th~e time making losses and1( going to, lhe
wall, ,
Th e I ostoni ( e 5:aV5 ih: I le I ev.
Mr*. McClure, of Muahtleii, rteteni y n-a
frotni the pulpit a1 notice for a1 mieeling ttf
e lidhes tx(:luisively in thI; e very, IthuI
( n Wedniesday afternoon aill Ite old henis
an this c ngregation will meet for the purhi
pose af a "eneral cackle; no a'c>;er wil be
a mlittedh. .lie wst promptly invitetd to
din( In his relignation and walk. Ad til
Le"t ifas (onrres Tah n ay Off.
Type writers of the best class will, in
the han(ls of an expert, transfer to pa
per, space and punctuate from seventy
to eighty words a minute. In Copying
matter, or writing from dictation, even
bett('r enln b,e done; lnt the operator who
depends upon his own brain to supply
his lingers muist be very expert,, and
1'ave a constant mental flow to reach that
5.tu(ald. The fastest peunman rarely
exceeds forty-five words a minute, so it
will be seen that the little machin. has
greatly the advantage. But the saving
of labor is also a great blessing. Nobody
better than newspaper men realizes the
drudgery of the pen or pencil. Let a
man write continuously for two or three
hours with the spcd that most news
paper men acquire and his wrist and his
arm and his eyes all ache alike. lie must
stop and rest or his nervous and over
wrought hand will soon begin to make
''spider marks." To lawyers' clerks who
used to lave to copy with labored pen
the awful and uniitelligablo verbiage
made necessary by centuries of tradition,
tho type writer has indeed beenl a bless
mg. ie can now rattle o11 a little coin
plaint in a suit to recover the price of a
cow killed on a railroad-a little matter
of 600 or 700 pages of cap--in a day at
most.. It used to take hiun a week to do
it with the pen. The merchant can now
dictate a hundred letters in the same
time ho once took to write twenty, and
have them all ready for his signature
when the dictation is over.
Many persons refrain from the use of
the type writer, and especially those
matured in years, from the fear that they
could never learn to operate it proficient
ly, but that is a false idea. It is very
simple. Indeed, those accustomed to
compose and who are at all apt, can
learn in a short while to (rivo the ma
chine at its best. 'Tlhe -braid writer
knows of an editor who had never touch
ed a key until the other day. Then
somebody got him to buy a type writer.
lie hunted up his toPics for discussion,
mostly newspaper scraps and clippings,
laid then beside the machine, got out
his oil can and oiled her up, took oil' his
coat anld 111t on his cul' protcctors, and
then, with a kind of hard and nggressive
let-ller-go-Gallagher look on liis face,
squared himself for business. Th1e key
worked a little hesitatingly at first, and
the "clicks'' were infrequent, lut the
editor toiled away. P'retty soon it was
observed that the chestnut bell on the
end of the nachine struck a little of tener
than it had done for an hour or so. Evi
dently the triumphilt editor was getting
the hang of things. By night he hadI
many sheets of ''copy'' p (iled up, and his
face wore a gleam of triiumnph . Tuie,
some of the copy was a little rickety int
.aignment, and a few of the capitals were
out of plulb , but these fatult were easily
correete(d with the pen.
The next day the editor was at the
machine bright and early. lie told the
rest of the stall'they might take a v-ta
tion that day, as lie was going to fill the
paper--he wanted to see just how mIluclh
there was in a type writer, anyhow. He
turned on the steam about 9 1. m,., and
now the chestnut bell was going at. the
rate of ten strokes to the minute. Sheet
after sheet of ''copy" ilew oft; and the
machine fairly quivered, bumt the editor
Iever stopped except twice to\ wipe his
brow and three times to cool oli' a hot
box. By 2 o'clock the supply of sub
jects began to get low and the mach1iiie
cooled down, but toward night, when
the editor turned loose on his column of
jokes, the strain was too much. lie hiad
just whizzed oi' the fourteentl funny
paratgraph, the bell was mlakinlg twenty
strokes to the minute, the smoke Wats
risig from the heated eyliner, when
sniap! went anl eccentr'ie, thec crank-in
flew into the ash-pan, and tihe poor litt!e
miachline lay prlonle and lifeless.
Let 1m1 fell you1 a little story about an
early pastor of this Cedar Griove Churcb
--he R.ev. Mr. Babbitt. In thlose early
tunecs p)rehers wor'ked hiarder than they
(10 now. Mir. IBabbiitt possibly filled the
pullpit of thrlee churchL'les--Pie(jua, Lea
cock and Cedar' Gr1ove. lIn those days
hunting of course was a gr'eat sport. 'Thie
ring of tile rifle and1( the bay (of the fox
hounlidS wer'e familiar sounds(1. On 0one
occasion Mir. Babbitt had to borriow a
horse0 from aL paishmionier to fill a distant
alppoimnmnt. lie s irted 0one beautiful
Sunday mornling, hut had1( not gone
limany miles before lie hiear'd the muilsical
bay of the deep ilhromated hiound, ana d
hiorseimn following. .1incense5d at thle
suppl(iod Siundaly dlesecr'ationl hel staritedl
for'war'd to r'epriove the 1bold r'iders~ f'or
their spor't. Unfor'tuinately his haorse
w~as an old fox hlunter., The bounds bay
excited hiim. HeI smielled the hbattle afair.
irfis neck was clothett with thuindier. ] n
vain dlid the preacher' appl r11'1ein anid iut.
ThIe o1li orse wasil atmaong the hiounIds,
and so over' lill, fenice and( ditc'h went
the would-ho den'Iounerl of Sundaay sport.
'lThe hlorse nleer stop)ped till the fox was
hloled.- --Liancaster' E'xamliner,
.Many years ago, before thle intirodiie.
tioni of frictioin matchies, all old( fairmer
used( to light his tind(ri 101' t.he morn1'lig
fire biy the use oif an olad flint-lock mnus
ket. One dIay ini is ab)sence the wife
loanIed the musiiket to a mieighibor, who
returnaed it loaded, and umientioned the
fact to thme woma as lie hanided it to
lieur. But hieir husband (lid anot reOturn'I
haomae unitil pa(st midnmighat, beinag on a(
rousing spr'ee. lie cr'ept into bed wit h
out wnkinag is wife to enjoy a lecturme.
Next miornmug hie rose in goodl seaon
with the usual thirst and1( a ifnneriner
he-adanehe; after' irabbing a few cobhweb
(olt oif his eyes Ilad takinag a '"wee adrop"'
from the remainls of fle over night, Jn
eom imenlced pr'epar-ationls foral star 1tinmg thea
fire. The spliniters were c!ollected anad
the ti nder plalced ini the pan of the hook
elick! went t he hammieir, andu the( exp lo
sionl thlat .follo'wed shook thet houiise, (is
pelling the fumes of liquor01 from the old
man(1's faculties andt rousinag his wife withl
a suiddeni alarm. (Guessiung alt the tr'ou
ble she exclimed. while not fully awake,
"'Th-th-that gun~ is loaded5l!" L ookinag
with ani emlpty) staro at the 1111011ing gunl
and1( at thle builet hole iln tl he(estead,
juist aboait two, inchaes abIove. his wife's
hiead, then fondt hulsbanld relied: " N,
I'll- bea darneld if it is!''- Th'lomlas ,J. I ow.mv
ditch ini Fact ainl '.'ancy.
'Thle waty Ito do good is to li- goodi. TL, a
aimt bie lighat : 1,ben It wil ,albin.
A I)IsCt't+sION OF 'I'lllt (.ItAIN .\S l;lilN A
A\ I i)ely .AricIe Irot an i (p eeriecee( I and
Miccef'ul Forueer.
(wV. 1.. Jont' i' Atlanta Constitution.)
Is wheat it profitable crop in the cot
ton belt? Except in limestone and high,
iountauous regions, it is not. The
yield is too uncertain, the cost of raising
too great. Wheat is probably farther
remnoved from its original wild (and,
tiherefore, hardy) state than any plant
we cultivate. It has )ecen domesticated
so long, and so changed by donestica
tioi, that botanists have failed to identi
fy the plant or plants from which it
originally came. It has been so changed,
it has become so artificial in its nature
and habits, that it gives way under com
p)etition, and cannot 1101(1 its place, in
the struggle for existence, with the
hardier and more vigorous platlnt3 that it
encounters. But for man's aid, wheat
would die out and disappear in one, or
at most two or three years. It inmst
have a thoroughly prepared soil and an
aluldance of food, especially nitrogen
ous food, the coatliest of all. It has
very little root power, and cannot set
free and alppropriate the locked up food
im the soil. Everything must h ready
prepared and fully within its reach. As
a consequence of these peculiarities, it
yields readily to adverse influences,
whether of climate, seasons or soils. It
withstands moderate colU (uite well; but
this said, all is said.
As a matter of long experience and cx
tenled observation, we know that wheat
thrives best in cool climates. The north
ern United States and northern Europe
is the home of the wheat crop. In those
regions wheat is successfully grown,
even when sowi in the spring. At the
South, wheat sown at that season would
not bring back the seed to the sower. A
southern climate then does not seel to
be adapte(d to the constitutioi of the
wheat plant. But in addition to this, or
possibly as a consequence of this, wheat
is greatly more liable to be dcstroyed1 by
rust at the Southl thian at the North.
'lis is the weak point in wheat culture
with us. This is the chief thing that
renders the wheat crop so uncertain and
unreliable. ]low to guard against rust
is then the foremost consideration in the
Pielparation for the crop. As a matter
01 universal experielee, it is well known
aint dampness, 1)0th of soil and air, and
a sneeilent, saipy growth of the plant
are both favorable to the developm eint o
rud. A dry May and a good wheaterol
audy go together. Now so far as th<
auouit of ram and the geileral liimmidit
of the atml(sphere is Contcerne, tti
farmer is hlll)less; lie cannot contro
these. But lie can ward oil' in lart th
eltl'ects of excessive rain by s'lcecting for
lis wheat flds high knols or knolls
1'romin wllichi water runs off' rapidly, an
the soils of which1 are, tlerefort", com.
lai'atively dry. lie can select thost
soils, also, which are least retentive of
moisture. As a rule, such as have coi
paiii.vely little humus, are dryer thn
those whllicll albon111(1 in that sal .stailce.
The soils of low lands are danmlpr thain
those of ulllands, and the air whieh rests
upon the former is generally damper
than that over the latter. This is showin
by the heavy dews which prevail on hot
ton lands. It is obvious, therefore, that
a farmers jiudgment becomes a decided
factor ill the raising of a wheat crop.
Again, we have said, that a sncculent
sapp11 y growVth oi(f whleat, favor's the devel.
opmenOIt of rust. Can a farmner conttol
this? Yes; toI a cerhnin degree hc can
1st bly a prloper selectioni of soil as dis
cussedi abIove; 1and( 2d1 by a p)rope(r rega
latin (If the mlaniure applied to the cropI1.
sesive doses of nmost fertilizers, but
particular-ly of' 11itr'ogenous mnainuies tend
to devehg luxur-ient growvth of' stalk and
leaves. Tveriy One. has nioticedl the teni
dey ot wheat thus manutred to fall
downu or ''lodge.'" Thle stein is soft and
unable to hold( upI the heads. hence,
whilst whea_t nmust have mniure, and
must hlave nitrogenous manur'e too(, thlese
shoukl1( not be alpplied iln ex\cessive
amliounits, anld the nlitrogen shoculd be:
wvell propor'tioned to the other inlgredi.
enlts, so that a well b)ailcedl dlevelopm1ent
.>f the planit r'esult. To sum up, ther'e
jlr', wheat should be0 sown on high diry
land, with a rather thirsty soil anld with
ia soil inather~ devoid (If humus. Such ai
soil is uiually poor'. Wheat will not1
grow oin poorh s(oils ---hlence it miust bet
mnanuried. Wheat nieeds mlore nitrogen
than most other' platt.hence it mluist
be Imanured1 i'1With nitrotgenlous m ainures
but a medium mauini'ig-thle eqjuiv'alent
of, saty live hlunidreds bus5hls of cotton
seed1 to the aere- - would lbe better thanLI
a mucih larger amnounit. Cotton seed is
ia golod n111utnre for whelat, especially on
v'ery poor lanhiod. And p)oor land1( is best
for wheat when prloperly imanuired. .But
('ottonl seed may be~ impr'oved bly the adl
dlition of a litle phiosplhate. F"ifty bush
els of (cottoil seed and 100t to 150) pIounds(
of acid pho4 sphaite per' acre is ia safe andi
rel iablet mianiurmlg for' wheat
.1h1t wvhy (hiscuiss tile groIwin)g of ,a neat
whien it is admjitted to he ani uniprolfitah
crop1. Iec(auise, a ecrop which inigh t not
paily as. aL martiket, ori mloney crop,, mayi'
pay veriy handsomely wvhien growan foi
11h1me use. Th.1is is most generally true.
.t her?! are verny few things a far'etr can
buly, checaper' than lhe can rae ( m
p 'oolde have fal len inito thet terrible belief
t.hat they can buy almost ever'ything
chitaptr'thian they can raise it. IlTey o
nol(t tlunik they ('ani buly (cotti ('ilii
than they do4 riose it, hut probaiy that
it does ii the ease tf alniost any otheri
c!rop gro(wnI. lBy al means5 et every'
fanitr sow~ tnough wvhiet for- home uist
t'or' tue smll ('rop nec('tessitly Itien
lie ('nn hind entuugh land well suited to it
lit cnn spIare the needed('( mnainure, aid
lie can take timie to give it thtorough
prep araitioni. Plouoig, roll and barrowl
until brolughit imto finest tilth; sow ai
(111e, andlt SOW tt varliety wv hi hla
si eceeded b est iin your own ltocality.
I'rocur'e seetd a little south rather-i thai
frir north of you. A variey whichi in11
hglcoelaccuistoimedo to a wiarml climlat<
will succeed better' thain01 on ecuistomedt
to iicldchate.
.IOItK IKAUP4 TO "\ lit 0 c1:L.
Aidrtw .intknun and WnlgittNilI A t?r Flrc at
Eatt Olh-r at Jonc"wboro- A\ lbudit-rous icenie
In Court.
(Fromn Ihe 1'1ia d 51)lpi i <iU 4.1
James Parton, in his biography of
Andrew Jackson, makes mention of a
duel fotght b (Geneial .Jlacksoi with
Waiglitstill Avery at .lotesboro, 'l'enn.,
in the last century. ills accoIt, how
ever, is very ncagre and does not tccord
with the version of the attair as told by
descendants and relatives of Colonel
Avery, many of whoit still live in Burke
county, N. C.
In a foot note to page 1( 2, chapter 11,
volume 1, Parton says: '"'There was a
comic incident connected with this duel
that General Jackson would not tell. A
gentleman once mentioned the dtul to
him. 'Who told you about it ?' asked the
President, laughingly. 'GeneraI Adair.'
'Did he tell you what lmppeited on the
ground?' 'No.' Well, then, 1. shant,'
ro>liel the General, still laughing."
1'he 'comic incident'' to which Geier
al Jackson alluded, and which he refused
to relate, is what is understood to have
caused the duel and is said never to have
beei made public. What it w as and how
it occurred has been related to mne several
times, as follow.:
In August., 1788, Colonel Waighitstill
Avery and Andrew ,Jackson were attend
ing court in .1 onesboro in what is now
East ''ennessee. At that. time '1'eines
see was still a part of North Carolina,
and Jonesboro was the seat of one of the
three district courts held for the then
Western District of orthi Carolina. The
town is no'v the county seat of Washing
toii county, leninessee. .Jackson lad
but recently been called to the 1har at the
time of the duel, and was abottt 21 years
of age. Colonel Avery was much older.
The two geitlemeit were Opposing coun
sel in a case under trial, in which Jack
son, it is said, felt that he had but little
chance for success. .In a spirit of mis.
chief, probnbly, he determined to at
tempt a little diversion rather unusual
in a court of law.
Colonel'Avery sometnmes rode th. cir
cuit of his courts-which cmn-aced most
of Western North Carolina and a hi>r
tion of East Tennessee--- on liorselack,
carrying in a pair of Capacious saddle
bags such articles as were necessary to
his more immediate wants. ( )ne thing
always carried therein was a copy of
''Bacon's Abridgment,' one of the stand
ard law books of those days. lackson,
was aware that Colonel Avery was in the
habit of carrying this book, and on the
day for trial, before their case was caulled
he went to Colonel Avery's saddle bags,
took out the copy of ''acon's Abridg
mont'' and substituted for it. a pii'e of
bacon of about the same size, wrapping!
it up as the book had been to preven at
suspicion. In the cour -,tl t he trial
Colonel Avery, having occasion to quote
an authorii' Met fa r his bo l,'h. Th a
package was UrolIought. to hin, and w hen
uinwrapped, l.! a ''11 itch of bac it" totit
revealed to court and jury.
Avery was a man of great dignity of
character and bearing, who could ill
brook a liberty of any kind, least of all
an attempt to make him appuer ridict
lous. Turning to Jackson he charged
him with what had been dlone, and de
nounuced htitt or his act itt moat un
measured ternis. Jaciksont was sttng to
the tmek, bt aapparntiil.ly Cntrolled
himself sufliciently nto t. to att ract at ten
tion to what lie did ii resp tonse to the
rebuke. Tearing a Ily leaf fromt a law
book ie wrote a challenge which, utnolb
served, lie pasted aCross the tal tIe a
Colonel Avery, and which was prmputlv
acceptep. 'The following is antl exact
copy of the original eballeige, which is
still in the possession of a ieithe r of
the Avery family, and fron tihe wording
of its first senitenice antherIt conttntttnia
tion would seeln to have ptrecedled it:
Art.iT, Ilth, 1788.
St: Whn- a tians feelings nad chtar
acter arec injuri ed lie ottght ti seek a
speedy redress: yout rsec I a fewt lines
froni mte ye'ster-day and unidoiubtedly yott
uinder stand nme 3y chmaecir y' have L'
injured: and further you have' I tsulhted
me in the presenice of a court andii a lar'.
audhience I therefore call upon you is ti
genitleman to give me satisfacti for the
same: andt I furtilter call upon~i youi to
give me ain answer immednai iately withott
Equivocationi tand I hopI e y't enn tho
without dinnter utilI tIebuisi ness done;
for it is coitsistent with the character of
a L'entlematn whlen lie itnjutres atant to
make ai speedy reparattiotn, thterefo re J
ho~pe you will not full ini meetinig met
this day. fromt yi- ob t st
Cotin' AvEtur \x,w J'Atsons.
journued -
Thew style otf the ehllenget~, its itrthlo8
raiphy tand its p)uncituat ion ori thle wanitt
oif it-are equally remuar-kablet, hmt the
demand is utnistaikable, andt( the litt:e
''P. S.'' at one side deniot-e- gre-at tirgent
cy. It was evidently writteni under gret
excitemenit, thtough with a sttrong eiYot
at self control, andt the whole dociumett
-to use the slang of to-idany "means
'Thie chmallenige is add r-ssed iin thle
I1t wvas fotti amonig (Colonel A vt-t'.
panpers aifter lis dea-tth, enrifltlhy ill-h
away and( (docketedl in~ very lbusinitss likt
style: "daJickson, I). P'. lI'tiel, I p<1."
''The dutel wits fought abint dlush ii
the daly the- eblthlengi.e wits givn, inta
iravmte ni-ar the ( 'trtt. Ilouse- ini Jones
bot~ro. SIhot- werne echaiged , buitt fotu- i
ntatet neither- party wits Itturt. J.1 n
declaredi htimselfC satisfied-t, and tl1-. twot
genttlemten aifte rwardl li b-camt varmit
frienids. Indeed, long bfore thn- dultI,
whten .htekson first idecide<t tot gi to~ ih
WaViightstill Avery, whoi( was vi-ry ii i
gutished ini hi- profisin and:tii was theii
Nor5t Carolina. At the a time(ti if Jack
Westt-it Di)trict otf Noth~ iCarolina
aiftertwards the Stte of i LI 'l si( heIi,
n his waty to settl hin i Naihvilh-, ha'
latte'r thieti an extre-mti Cfrontier townt ttf
thet challIentgi-, Autgiust I , 1758, is mt
motnthis prievittus to) that of tht e-ar-liet.
whaih \lr. Iitrtont sayi lie 'wa: abile to
in y Gnernal of Norith Carolina. Aly tlnit
wais mniiit of theit State aft er it lime
I irown it (tll t(tta o $o the lirit ish t -
- rmineut. ColonelA vm y was it nan' tf
g it capaceitiand thle loftiest integrity,
ants worthy of suttl a silo; but there
were \ttorneys-(aoneral before him in
the plre-revolutionary days of the 'Pro
Vinct' of Carolina,'' and some of them,
too, seei to have beei meu of high
character. Sutlicieintly so in 011e CUie at
least to have the fact. recorded on his
tombh "'withoult t tttivocation." Iin the
old coloniial chu11relbyard of Christ Churcl
I':irisi, Newlern, N. ('., is a grave-stone
beniing the follow ing quttainit inseription
C.i n ii:..: .tl ot..........
I.al .\t1oiney-( :eneriil fot this lrov ince
Woll( Id)ic'i Anno I75Cm.
An 1tonit Ii?awyer. indeedt'
oh ';I \ VI-:.jL'iIl %i:(1. iES.
I .ilured lien 1 fi ainte Aniio,eted 'onNidirnb,Ie
,Johin W. Cromwell, a negro journalist
ii .tiladelpliia, has compiled an inter
esting exhiiit of the binI1less condition
of his race in America.
'The Carolinas take the lend in the
nuinhcr of well-to-do negroes. North
Carolina has twenty who are worth from
$10,001) to $:l1,000 ellh. .111 South Car
olini the negros own $10,000,000 worth
of property. .1In Charleston fourteen
11e11 relresent 20)), 000. Thomas lt.
m11111! is is worith $ 18,010), and Charles C.
Leslie is worth s12,000. The family of
Noisettes, truck farmers, are worth
:1~>0,000. In the city savings banks the
negroes have 121,;:i6. ol deposit.
One man hals over t.o,t1)0. lie recently
hloughtt a 810,000 p)lataltionl and pai'd
S7,010 in cash.
Iin .lhilalelphia ,J oh1n McKee is worth
half it niillioll. lie owns four hundred
houses. Several aIC worth tell tuittslnd
dollais eac' h.
1'he liegroes of New York own from
live to six million dollars worth of real
estat:. 1. A. White, a wholesale drug
gist, is worth a quarter of it mtillion and
has an annual, business of two hundred
thousand. Catherine Black is worth
one luidred and fifty thousand.
In New 1 ersey the negroes own two
million dollrs worth of real estate. Bal
t.iiorte his more negro hoine-owlers
thaln il' y other large city. Nineteen men
ar11 worth a t btal of eight luind red thou
51111l. 'Johl Tlnas, the weallthliest, is
worth about one lunired and lifty thou
sn ld a Iunii a hlundred negroes ini
Vtshiingtou are worth a total of one
In LouisianI the negroes pay taxes on
fifteen1 nillion dollars in New Orieans,
and tlirt ; milion ini the State. lonie
Iait il, a Freich tnadroon, is wortIi one
millon on1e1 hundred thltousand. The
llercr Irothlars, clothiers, carry i stock
of tlhrec htidrt'd thlmsiumd. Missouri
has t wenut y-, tVen citizens wsortht it 1 illionl
dollar. in aloinits ranging 110111 t welty
thulsiultl io two lltuuitrt tl and fifty thou
Th 7:lciche1ir. cvolrd wtomalli' of lilm
Suth, Amladliula t.l,iauks, mtle so ,y
WIll ofiher while father, is w%orhlI n'
illun!d1ed tholsnd dollars. and lives near
Augutst,a, ( ha. ('licago, the homue of
eightaein thousand colored people, las
three colored lirlns ini business, whose
p,roprietor 1t rtepreselt tw'nty thousand
'thillirs eachl, oe lifteen touii Isand 1 and
nic itn tihonuutl. Tho laistlake t'urni
iiiic c(o ilyill) is wothi twent v tiousald.
A. ,J. 'ott lit,; tlhirly-five th ousi l in
vild ill ilie liver'y lbuisines+, mnd is
wtortht ont l;litdredl thotutn, iludinhg
a well st-oel. 1 1111111 ill Michigani. 's.
Joh m Jone"',otml iiehardt (1iate wortlh
st"tily thousanltd each. A. (1. \Wlhite,
of 51. l,onis, fornerly piurvteyor to the
Ant"bori linle of st(tnlrr, ufter fihmucial
reverstls, has, Sinct the age of forty-five,
letmieveld his tortnes ant at"ciumula led
thirty. thi. u l ~ r . , . ( .-e t r
Sial l-'liitsco cohiedt w fnnul, 1has - a1
hiunk a1(nililt ofl lilty thousand110,11and Mr's.
ary1 Pt, .leasMIIits 11uis an1 inin1 e from
eight, hr1uses iln 8:an Franlcisco, a1 11meh1
v1l1, (al., twvelve indiivitbiljs are- the
gae 'it 1141 ro ione Jilundred and4 Ii fty thou
suail h>on h11 i41a1lredl utal1 eighty' thou
.lred:ui,i 1n beides0 ia bank11 a1counlt o1
Jnt stiatisties sill, tha 11 he1 br0 iotheri
in1 lac is, inaklinlg sf41ne1 hieadwaly in the
world, lie is learinlg to "t.ote 'his ownl
T 1i 11 o h iIen &i,1 lr ied -Tin- 41'lnm Ci ilo r l
hiu~ng ait Nio. :I, EL,t highit -SIX street,
luad los: SI nl Miltoi, sixteeni years1 old,
arreSstedl for sI (pin IIg a1way frolin h10111
oer 1nighlt, Th'le 1h14 waIs arra11igned4 inl
1tle Iarlei I our1 t yestrda m'l13 lornling.
A rosy little girl, IifIteeni years old,
watchled hilin throuIlgh teful4i 034s from
thii spec(tah>rs': seats. ,Jutic Pi owier
aIskedl the 11lad lwat he: stid awlay' frontl
an1 icorr'1igibhlolbo>y," he li sidi, sev'irel y.
1111 a 141n1t 1f boy, Sir1,' was1 theit r('slect
1fu1l'responsi.e, '"but1 a1 lawfullly married
man11, m4al4 1 he.lieve it is myi dutly to1 livo
with 2y3 wi!'. 'T1ni1 is why I staid away
iIeau tfo till Ii im you1 1)1 1are marrl'lied1'"
"Y'e4:, j4Iie," relied4 the U114, "I wvas
111arIed) Alolay i) ogh.lt , a411(1 there is my
w ift, )inantiiig Io) a4gil ill thie spect1ator's'
.sLli, "h bh gto with is wife if he
wants o." TheIl) litt le gill bounided from
her sfit, kissedI tIh' jilvenile: huisband
Irly of thei younge if 31rMi. I rown w-il
a1 ioh,' niotw. N e w Yorlk World.
Il. \ fy 1 .\s11. ()ii ll I'Il, () Viib " j. i . This
1'n-4i44 XII the I t wolI yearil' hin tauher
aIIli, by a hlir. Thlitl 4-4n4eI w4), thilng
Iill. I r \ lilt 14 i 't h u' 114 tlS 1i'''t
F"orly-Inu /'unfederate sioldiera 'Itted Against
Ten 'Ihousand Federal Moldier,, Beside" (un.
'1'h New Orleans Picayune, in. view
of recent events, reminds its readers that
Sabine Pass is invested with an hiBtofi
cal importance of which oven many
Southernors are ignorant. Ex-President
D)avis, in TLe Rise and Fall of the Con
federate GJovernmueut says that "the cir
'umustances are properly to be considered
umarlvelous. In September, 186Z the
strategic inlortalce to the Union fo 'ces
of the possession of Sabino river ca d
the organization of a large expedition o \
land and naval forces to enter and ascend
the river. If successful it gave them
short lines for operation against the in
torior of '1'exas and relievod thon of the
discomtiture resulting from their expul
sion from Galveston harbor. Tho floot
of the enemy nuibored twenty-three
vessels. The forces wcro ostimated to
bo 10,000 men, under Major General
Wmn. 13. Franklin and Brigadier W. H.
Emory, Godfrey Weitzol and Frank
Niolcerson. No adequato provision had
been made to resist such a force, andun
ier the circumstances nonO might have
been promptly made on which reliance
ould have been reasonably placed. A
lev miles above the entrance into the
Sabine river a small earthwork had been
onstructed, garrisoned at the time of
the action by fort -two men and two
lieutenants, with an armament of six
guns. The oflicers and men were all
Irishmen, and the company was called
the Davis Guards. The captain, F. H.
Odlum, was temporarily absent, so that
the command devolved on Lieutenant
lt. W. Dowliug. Like Moultrio. in the
Ilevolutionary war, they were advised
and refused to leave the fort. Comino
dore Leon Smith, commanding the Ma
rine Department of Texas, says in his
otlici,L report of September 9, 1863: 'I
arrived at the Pass at 3 o'clock p. m. I
found the enemy offI and inside the bar
with nineteen gunlboats and steamships
and other ships of war, carrying, as well
as I coull judge, 15,000 men. I pro
ceeded with CJaptai! Odium to the fort
and found Lieut. N. lH. Smith, of the
entmiecr corls, with forty-tw.. men, de
fendgin the fort. Until 3 o'clock p. m.
our men did not op,en tire upon the
enemy, as the range was too far. rhe
otlicers of the fort coolly held their fire
until the enemy had approached Iiear
enough to reach them. 1nt" when the
enemy arrived in good range, our batte
-ries we"re olenled and gallantly replied to
a galling and most terrific fire from the
enmy. As I entered the fort the gun
boats (lifton, Arizona, Sachem and
iramite State, with several others, camo
llly up to within 1,000 yards and
opened their batteries, which were gal
lantly and efliectively replied to by the
)avia Guards. For one hourI and a half
a most terrific bombardment of grapo,
canister and shell was lirected against
our heroic and dievoted little band within
the fort. The shot st sruck in every di
rectionl, but thanks be to God, not ono
of the nole I)tvis Guards was hurt.
Every man stoodl at his post,
regrlless of the urderous firo that was
pourecl upoxnt them fron every direction.
'ltc result of the !attle, which laated from
3.30 to 5 o'clock p. In., was the ca pture
of the Clifton andC Sachem, eighteen
heavy guns, 150 prisoners, and the kill
mng andl wouindig of fifty men, and
driving outside the bar of twenty-three
vessels in all.' TIhe inquiry may natur
adly arise, howv this small number of men
[co~uld take charge of so large a body of
prisofiers. This required that to their
valor they should add strategemn. A few
men were placed on the p)arapets as son
tiniels, thme rest were mnarchoc( IOut as
guard to receive the p)risoners and their
airms. Thus was coincealed thme fact that
the fort was empty. T1he report of the
Rains I onmbarding theo fort }had been
hieard1, and sooni after thme close of the
b)attle reinforcements arriv~ed, which re
lieved the little garrison fromi its embar-*
''A few days after the battle each man
that pairticipated in the light was pro
sented with a silver medal, inscribed as
followd, on one sido;:
'D). G1.,'
which wasL for 'DIavis Guards,' and on
the reverse sidle,
'SAn'NE 1 Ass,
The, MothiIer's utlgit to, Her (hiEld.
.1To thme quiestioni, Uns am mother any
right to the babe whom she has borne at
the peoril of her own life? tihe heart of
humanity,ean give b)ut one answer. By
it law (of h umian nature, alike natural and
irreversib)le, her claim in this respect is
superior to that of any other, not cx
eeptinig that of the father. It is from
her b)osom that the child draws its sus
tenance, and she is its God-appointed
eare-take,r, at least in its earliest years,
and her right cannot b)0 overborne with
out cruelty amounting to outrage. And
yet, strange es it may seem, thme laws in
nearly every State in tho Union give the
power of custody of the child, niot to thme
wife and mother, bmut to the husband and
father. TIhie mother may ho a paragon
of moral excellence, and exceptionally
well fitted to nlurse and train her cildI,
but the father, though a man utterly
vile, hras a legal right to snmatch tho babe
from its mother's arms andi dIspose of it
as Ihe pleases. TIo the credit of human
naiture let it be conifessed that this right
ini our dlay is not often exercisedl butt it is
a ireproach to) our civilization that such a
law shiouhld be permlittedI to stand for a
single hour upon01 any of our statute
books.* Frank Leslie's Weekly.
A~ Hutter F'nmuine,
1,ook out for' it. for it is coiuming as
soon as thle oheonnirgarinte I w goes into
1perait.ionIi on the first. A s the lauw now Is
y'ou cani step to the telephone anud ordier
"io pond o(5(f Jersey buittter'. The grocer
hoe; you uip two pountds of beautiful , yel
1w Il'(omhargaIrinte tIat lo oks like but ter'
nem!NI like biutteru and really tastis like but
er, ad you are sitislied- fnde'ed, .so little
oitter has beetn sold for two years tha4
own people forget it. taise and when they
et It in t he count-ry puio id Mhmple they
biliik ''it lacks body.

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