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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, May 04, 1893, Image 1

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VOL. XXI. PICKENS. S. C., THURSDAY, MAY 4, 1893. n
INDIGNATION METING.
GOVERNOR TILLMAN AND LYNCH
LAW DENOUNCEL.
SPOeehelk DIMae by Col. .14.1n 0. Haskell,
Ex-Governer iticlardson, Solcitcr .Jer
Vey and 01hors-Wbat (movernor Till
nan Says About It
COLUMBIA, 8. C., April 26.-The cit
izens of Colimhia were very indignant
yesterday morning whun they learned
that Peterson had been hanged at Den
mark the night before. The dispatch
es of the afternoon indicated that the
negro was not guilty, although there
were later indications that he would be
lynched any way.
Most of the indignatiov seemed to be
directed at Governor Til lIman, however,
\because he had allowed the negro to
be taken to Deniark to be
tried by a mob. The Governor
was very severely criticised on
account of his action. The result
was that some of the more violent
started out a petition for a mass meet
ing last night to denounce the Gover
nor's.action. The petition circulated
read as follows:
"The citizens of Columbia are invit
ed to - attend a mass meeting at the
Court House at 8 o'clock tonight, to
express their indignant protest against
the conduct of the Governor of the
State in surrendering to irresponsible
parties a citizen who had sought his
protection, and thereby becoming a
party to the murder of one by an in
furiated mob."
The colored citizens are also very
much excited over the situation, and
they will hold a mass meeting tonight
to take some action a'out the lynch
Ing. Some will, no doubt., be willing
to get very violent, but the leaders pro
pose t6 discuss and act in a temperate
way if possible.
Governor Tillnan yesterday talked
very freely about his action. lie said
that he felt that the people of Barn
well had violated his confitlence when
they hung a negro whom he had in
trusted to their care fully believing
that they would treat him right. Ile
said that his enemies were trying to
lay all the blame on him, but as far as
lie was concerned he was willing to
stand up to any action he took.
IIe had told Peterson if lie was guil
ty that lie would protect him at all
hazards, - but the negro insisted that
he was - innocent, and atated that lie
was willing to go back and face his
accusers and confront the girl. The
crowd had already had I ef )re them
over fifteen men for identification, one
of whom the girl had almost positively
identified. It was natural to suppose
that he would be jumped upon and
torn to pieces, but the mob waited for
evidence which shc ed the ia inn -
cent. The Governor say:i that lie sup
posed by his circumstance that they
were dool and collected and did not in
tend to do any violence. lie did not
feel called upon believing these things
that it was necessary to give Peterson
any special protecteon.
The people had grown desperate and
even frenzied at the repeated delays
in identification which was natural un
der the circumstances. They intended
to kill some man, and the least evi
dence was suflicient to make t hem act.
That of course does not j ustify them
in hanging an innocent man. The
Governor said that lie had received no
intimation of a lynching or lie would
have tried to prevent it.
The mass meeting which was called
last night at the Court House was
largely attended, there being at least
350 people present, among whom were
at least 100 negroes. '[le latter occu
pied nearly one-half the room.
The meeting was called to order by
Col. ,John C. hiaskell. who suggested
that Capt. RI. S. Desportes take the
chair. Captamn Desport.es in assuming
the chair. said that the object of the
meeting would be explained by a gen
A - tleman who would speak later, but all
kne w its object. All know the outrage
' agaInst the peace and dignity of the
State that has been recently commit
ted. We are here to express our indig
nation and to exp)ress our sympathy
for a people who have been our wards
Afor 200 years, and who are still with
us, and liable to be for years to come.
We ought to sprea(d around thenm the
agisof our protection. In protecting
them we have nol, succeeded wvell In
the past, but let us hope we will be
mnore successful In the future.
Colonel IIaskeil then nominated Mr.
,J. W. Muller for secretary, and he was
elected. Colonel IIlaskell addretsing
the Chair, then said the meeting had
been called that the people of the com
munity might express their sense on
the conduct of the Chief Executive in
encouraging lynch law, to express it
self on the gross outrage that had beeni
committed in hanging. a man not prov
en guilty, andl of the Governor's seud(
ing him chained and defenseless into
the hands of an InfurIated mob.
Such an act, he said, was unparellel
ed In the history of civilization. Ile
suiggestedl that a'coinmittee of ive be
appointed to draft resolutions. 'rhis
was adopted, and Colonel llaskell, ht
W. Shand, W. T. Msrtin, WV. C. Swaf
field and ID. 11. Flenni ken were appoint
el.
Colonel llaske'li submitted a set of
resolutions to the commit,tee which
were adopted. 'They were introduced
by Colonel IIaske'll, and reau as fol
lows:
We, the citizens of Columbia, In
-mass meeting assembled, do adIopt, thme
following resolutions:
Resolved, That In the l.ynching of
John Peterson at Decnmark not only
has the "peace and dignity of the
State" been oil'ended, but a human life
has been taken without even satisfac
tory Lvldence of his guilt. We there
fore denounce the act as me'riting the
unmeasured condemnation of all good
citizens.
Rtesolved, That the said ,Johnr Peter
son having surrendert d himself t,o the
Governor of the btate, pleading for
protection, was entitled to have the
strong arm of the State raised in his
defense, and that the last resource at
the command of the State should, If
necessary, have beemi exhausted to en.
sure him a trial before the courts of'
the State.
'Ve would, therefore, condemn the
action of the Governor in surrendering
the acaused, to irresponsible, or, at,
least, Incompetent persons, to be taken
Into the presence of' an infuriated mob
for the purpose of a mock trial, where
by the State has become particeps
criminis in the murder of one of it
citizens.
And we do now therefore record thi
our solemn protest against all such
acts of violence destructive of the
peace of well-organized society and
subversive of our Christian civiliza
tion.
Colonel Iaskell in speakinr on the
resolutions said that as far as he was
vers)nally concerned be believed he be
lieved that justice could not be meted
too quickly. Ile was not in favor of
postponing justice where guilt is cer
tain, but to put any one to death where
there is tho least doubt is to subvert
the fundamental law.
The act which occurred last night
has given justification to the charges
so often made against the Stat, in
Northern papers and goes beyond what
even the most partisan papers have
ever said against the State.
This negra comes to the Governor
and says "I appeal to you for protec
tion." Ile went to that sanctuary that
should have protected him no matter
how strong the opposition might be.
What protection did he receive? IIe
was sent in chains to an infuriated
mob to be killed. lie was so sent that
he had to stand helpless in the presence
of these infuriated men. Every man's
blood must boil ard rise up in indigna
tion at cowardly sacritice of this man
by the Governor who was thrown hand
and foot bound to this mob. Men in
ancient gladiatorial contests were
given at least some weapon of defense.
Cc lonel Haskell seemed to have got
worked up considerably, and concludd
that if the English language contained
any words of denunciation more than
the simple statement of facts gave to
the Governor's action, he had failed to
hear of them. Ile accused the Govern
or of being false to his duty, and saw
that it was a most base and cowardly
act to give tip thii man.
The negroes liked the sentiment. and
cheered vociferously, as did the other
portion of the audience.
It was expected that this would end
the matter, but somebody called for
Governor Richardson. He said hq re
gretted that lie had been called upon,
but said that in all his public service,
feeble though it might have been, he
was guided by honesty and faith and
lidelity to the sacred name and fame of
the State. Every man knows where
lie stood-opposed to the present ad
ministration, not opposed to men, but
to principles. The aoctrines that have
been announced from the State Ilouse
and hustings have led tip to what oc.
curred the other night. lie spoke ot
the spe-tacle of the poor unfortunate
criminal being in chains without de.
fense, and said that the Governor had
said on the hustings that it he waE
elected he would prevent lynchings
yet lie sent him down to the mob an(
acted as a court as well as by subpw
naing witnesses, and thus oflicially re
cognizing lynch Jaw. lie closed b.)
saying: God grant that such leadierE
will soon coase in South Carolina,
Richardson was loudly cheered as he
sat down.
Loud calls were made for Mr. W. A.
Clark. Ile responded and made a very
good speech, denouncing lynching gen
erally, but did not j ump on the Govern
or like the other speakers, sie said
that he approved very heartily of the
resolutions and thought that Columbia
should go on record tnat this lynching
met with the disapproval of citizens.
Ile thought that. if such actions were
kept tip it would soon destroy our civi
lization.
Mr. St. Julien Jervey, Solicitor of tne
First District, from Charleston, was
called upon and responded in a speech
that at its close especially was very sen.
sational. lie said that he came sim
ply as a spectator to endorse m'e jurst
rebuke lRichland would healp upon the
Governor, lIe went on at some length
to speak of the Governor's promise tc
stop lynching which he had failed tc
do, iIe also denounced much in the
same languiage as the rest. andl In clos
lug said: "If I was Solicitor of that
circuit you know what I would do. J
would indict every man in the crowd,
and in the indictment I wouild charge
11. h. Tillman as accessory before the
fact.
"D)at's de man," saidl a negro In the
audlience as the many cheers that greet
ed the remark ceased.
It, looked like other speakers woud
be called out and the whole thing
turned into a big political meeting, but
Colonel liaskell spoke a few words to
those who were calling for speakers,
and they changed to calling for "ques
tion." Another man insistedi on hear
ing from Mr. Albert Clayton, but
"qurestion" prevailed and it was put.
A rising vote was takeni and a large
maijority stood up. No one voted
against the resolutions, bit there were
a number of people present who (lid
not endorse tihe denunciation of Gov
ernor TIiliman and did not vote.
It can be truthfully said that every
body deplores the lynching of a negrc
if innocent, but everybody in Colum
bia dloes not emnd:rse the wholesale de.
numnciationi of t he Govercor made at
the meetiug. As far as the latter h.
concernedl, lie says his conscience a
perfectly clear, and as far as indigna
tion meetings in Columbia are con
cernedi like the one last night lie dior
not care a snap.-Register.
Au Extra Measton.
WAsiINGTON, April 2E.-Thiere wil
be an extra session of Congress called
not later than September, and possibl3
sooner.
Congressman Buck Kilgore of Texat
called on the President this morniun
and( anked the Point-blank question:
"Why (do you want to know ?" asket
Mr. C leveland.
' Because, if you are going to call ar
extra session," answored thre Congress
man, "1 want to rent a house belore I
go home, and be0 ready to bring m)
lainily on whenr I come."
"Your reasons for knowing are noi
very sinister," laughed Mr. Cievelandl
and such honesty sbtold be0 met witi:
honesty. Yes, there wvill be an extri
session called,-and I see no reason who
the business men of the country shrouil
not know it. It, will be called betweeri
the 1st andi 15th of the month, and ii
there is any special urgency it will be
called sooner.'
TIhis is the hirst time that l'residenl
Cleveland has stated positively t,hat ar
extra session would be ciled. Ills re.
l)ly to Mr. Kilgore has not been mad(
public, an d it was only tonight, in the
Metropolitan lobby, that the Texau
Congressman gave out this importani
piece of naes.Couin. Stte
THE FORCE OF EXAMPLE.
A BIG MASS MEETING OF COLORED
PEOPLE.
Seme of fl,e Speakers Gave Very Hold,
.Bad Advice-The More Conservative
Speakers Hooted Down--A Political
Comblnatin Advised.
COLUMBHIA, S. C., April 27.-A great
many people yesterday morning real
ized that the mass meeting Tuesday
night was a mistake, that it could pos
sibly accomplish no good, but would do
much harm. As one of the results of
that meeting there was an immense as
semblaie of colored people in the
Court House. It was so packed that it
was like an oven, and though all the
windows and ventilators were open the
supply of oxygen was very limited,
and to have stayed much longer some
people surely would have succumbe,.
The resolutions are couched in terms
very strong in denunciation of what is
termed "barbarous mobs," and the Gov
ernor comes in for bitter denuciation,
couched very much in similar terms
applied to him by white men. The
negroes are considerably inflamed al
ready, and to add fuel to their anger
may not result in trouble just yet, but
the seeds have been sown and trouble
may result yet. While the speeches
were, on the whole, somewhat mild,
still certain phrases in I hem calling
upon negroes to rise up and assert
their manhood, as patience had ceased
tj be a virtue, brought forth the wild
est, the loudest and intensest cheeriu
heard for many a day.
The meeting was organized by the
election of lev. E. 11. Wilson, as chair
man. lie counseled moderation and
order and stated that no one should he
denounced, but otaly infractions of the
laws of the State and country should
be condemned. Rev. 'J. It. .Johnson
was elected secretary. A committee
on resolutions was apnointed, which
consisted of Rev. J. 1I. Johnson, Prof.
Usher, Itev. W. 1). Chappelle, E. C. C.
Washington, C. F. 1lmhnes.
While the committee was deliberat
ing Mail Carrier Williams suggested
that speakers he limited to ten min
utes. Prof. Morris did better and sug
gested live. That was carried.
The committee came in ant reported
the following resolut ions:
We, as citizens of the State of South
Carolina, in imass meet inar assembled,
feelinr a just indignation at, the ctioi
of Governor Tillman in surrendering
to a brutal and infuriated mob .olmii
Peterson, who had It-d to him as the
Chief Executive of the State for pro
tection until lie could establish his in
nocence of the crime of which he was
suspected, and for which his life was
sought, do adopt the following resolu
tions:
Resolved, That in the lynching of
-John Peterson at Denmark on the
night of the 24th instant the white
citizens of Barnwell County, as in the
recent murdering of eight helpless and
unolfending men in that county, have
again declared their disregard for law
and order, decency and justice by that
brutal and barbarous murdering of a
man, manacled and helpless. and
whom the victim of the outrage her
self declared innocent.
2. That the action of Governor Till
man in surrendering John Peterson is
unwarranted, unprecedented and im
human, knowing. as lie certainly does,
the passion prejudices and inhumanity
of such inturiated mob, actualed by a
diseased sentiment, and that it Ie
serves our strongest and severest con
demnation.
3. That in the frequent; lichings of
negroes by Darbarous mobs throughout
the State without proof of their guilt.
and the refusal of the ollicers of the
law to bring a single lyncher to just
ice, although the men be known to
them, show official collusion and sanc
tion; and togethcr with the action of
the Governor in deliveeinag ,John Peter
son to the mob, thereby giving ollicial
recognition and sanction and legaliz
ing the court of Judge Lynch. we are
warned that we need look for no pro
tection whether guilty or not, guilty,
and that the law of the State affords
none to the negro.
4. 'ihat we condemn lynching,
whether thme individual be guilty or
not, as barbarism of thme most pro
nounced type, but we favor a speedy
trial by a process of law.
5. That the lynchers of John Peter
son are murderers; and that If the
Governor does not endorse lynching lie
will have the Jynchers immediately ar
.rested.
6. That we duly appreciate all sin
cere expressions by the better class or
our white citizens in the condemnation
of such cowardly acts, anid appeal to
them to use their inlluence in creating
such a sentiment, against lynch law
that it will soon he relegated to the
realms of barbarism to which it be
longs.
liesolved, That. wVe condemn the out
rages a)leged 1.o be comitt.edl by our
people andl call upon I hem everywhere
to lend their iniluence in riddinig us of
such in famouc charges.
WVhen the remolutiouns had beeni read
11ev. M. G. .Johinon said tha~t he op
posed1 the articles in denunciationi of
the Governor. It could( accomplish
much harm and (do no good, lie linish.
ed out his speech, but the whole crowdl
was restless and murmurs of discon
tent could be heard on all sides.
11ev. C. P. Nelson said that the meet
ing should not, denounce the Governor.
Negroe*s were a part. of thle govern
menit, anid though they had lio p)art,
imuch ini it they should respect. its laws
and otlicers. lie understood that l'ete
son hnid said lie wanted to get back to
l)ennmark. lie hadn't got farther than
that wheni the crowd bePgant to hootl,i him
do10win, and somie yel le< " l'itt 'ema out,"
"Sendl 'em to I )eninark." Nelson could
not 1i11 out his live iininttes, andi as lie
sat down he sid: 'lf tihings kee-p tip
this way I woui ble salt-eri n 1)en noark
than herK .
The crowd Le::ame considerab'hly stir
red up, and everyb-)dy see-lmed to bre
talking at once, remoindinrg one of
the 01l1 llepubblcan con veintins.
Finally the crowd becaume somiew !iat
(ilet when 1-1ev. Inart stepped upi t o
the judge's desk, iIe hamd to standt
there some time before he could b eginr,
however. I lart is a bright man and a
very el(,luenit speaker. llis speech 0n
the whole wams a mild one, lie spoke
of trae miurder of P'eterson by at barba
rous mob and saidi that Govternor Till
man's action In giving him up wais
Without precedent. iIe dlilated at
length an 1eterson being Innoent. andt
said that the negro had been the bc
friend the white man had. While t
white men were off at war they I
protected his family, nursed his chil
ren and cooked his meal. Since,
has built his railroads and tilled i
crop.
The negro race should not be judg
by thieves, murderers and vagabon<
There are white men who could sto
equally as low. Telling the negro th
he would be protected, he has for yea
never cared who the law-makers wei
but the time had come when he mu
unite with the best element of t
white people and with their ballots E
cure a government where the las
would be administered without favc
This advice was received with wi
and tumultuous applause.
During his speech he made the chari
that not half the crimes of rape char
ed on negroes were committed by thei
"A white man can trim his hair ai
black his face" but a negro would it
fer any way. Ile advised them to le
lives of propriety, and above all ca
tioned them never to be guilty of
crime for which Peterson died.
11. M. Raiford was the next speaki
and lie came near giving some bad i
vice it he did not actually do so. I
said that the time had come when fc
bearance coased to be a virtue. If n
actually it was mighty near. (Treme
dous applause.) "We have been told
abide the decision of that court fro
which there is no appeal," he sal
pointing upward. "But we can't wo
till fhat court convenes. lie said th
under present conditions he didn't co
sider his life belonging to himself. Bl
it is better to die plucky than a cowar
The negro has eyes, ears and arms Ill
a white man and he should use thei
Ile closed with a verse of Longfellow
Psalm of Life, ending with the lin
"Learn to labor and to wait." "S,
what the result will be," the speak,
added to it.
Professor Morris spoke next. I
quoted t he saying of a famous Carol
muan, "What are the halls of justice bi
the temple of t lie Most High ?" and r
gretted that such was not the case noi
but that the State was ruled by a "ba
barotis mobocracy." Tbe laws guara
teed equal rights to all but the neg:
didn't get them. Ile was deprived
his liberty, and even when appealing
the Governor for p otection, as
Peterson's case, that ofiicial allowed i
innocent man to come to death witho
protection. Ile advised them to jc
the better clam of whites and bril
out order, peace and unity.
M. S. Shelton, a mail agent, was t
list speaker. Now wa4 the time
rise up in our manhood and defe
ourselvt s. We stiffer too much. I
are too stibmissive. We depend t
much on Grod The crowd got w
and yelled " fake it back." Shelton j
out of it by saying "We pray to (
inghtly and tell our wrongs but
Must. do something for ourselves."
closed by saying that the blood
Peterson was on Governor Tillma
hands and was dripping off. "In I
day of judgment this blood will o<
out of his body and condemn." TI
blood statement made the wildest s(
of uproar. The crowd was getti
stirred up and wanted more incendia
talk but cooler heads carried thi
point and the crowd adjourned. T
above is a straight and umeibellish
story of this strange meeting, and
given as a warning, that's all.-Ite
ister.
Peterkon was (in tity.
COLU-MBIA, S. C., April 27.-l'eters4
was the guilty man. About that the
can hardly be a doubt now.
Two negroes from Denmark caine
Columbia last night to attend the r
gro mass meeting, and to state frank
that the guilty man had suffered
righteous judgment and that the1
could no longer be any doubt about:
'rhey gave their names as it. M..,le
ett and llenry Ilutchinson, and Sen
tor Mlaylfield, who is ini the city on leg
business, corroborates their statemei
,lewett stated that it had been posith~
ly ascertained by witnesses that Pett
son was on the railroad the day he w~
accused of the crime. Several color
people had seen him, iIe made a
other startlag statement which shov
if anything, that justice has only bei
partially meted out, and that t'
I iendls dleservedl richly the iate giveii
Peterson. iIe says that the men III
vey and Witchell had made a plot wi
Peterson to commit the act, and ti
they were near by but not in sigi
Trhev were all to participats in a crit
that would be more heinlous and fipr
ish than the one that was committi
if such a thing were possible, iIe aS
that such statements have been broug
out by colored people since the tri
and that all the colored people now I
ifeve not only that Peterson was gu
ty, but that the other two should mm
the same endl.
Jiutchinson says that he was in I
AMayfieldl's ofhice every time any o
was arrested, and that ha never fi
anyhody was guilty uni
Peterson appeared and ga
his testimlony. T.lhen lie fi
certain that he was guilty, and said
a white man that he didn't see any u
in taking the man before Miss Jiaxt<
lie also corroborates the statement
the other colorea man that the color
people oif that sectionI now had not t
least doubt ats to Peterson's guilt.
Air. Alayfiel received a letter li
night by t he hands of' one of the ci
ored men from l)enmark in which It
st atett that, the woman Sylvia, at who
hiouise, Pterson was said to have staym
inow adminits that. .lohn toldi her that:
hadl conmmittedi the crimue and that
God would let hin oif this time:
would never get. into such a scra
again. She also says that he was
escaped'( convict, [rein Alabama. 0i
of the witinesses a.t the trial testifil
that the woman had said that Peti
senl was the man.
Mir. Mfayfiht who dhefendled the r
giro to I he last, now says that he has
dloubtt as to his guilt, aind hie knos
other people who had doubts that a
now thoroughly convinced of ti
crmimal's guilt. Tlhiis all looks pret
straight. These two negroes cai
here of their own accerdi to prove
thir brethren from making asses
tliemsel ves, but, arrivedl too late to at
them. In view of all this is it ni
probable t hat some "indignators" fm
like crawling into a hole and stayl
there a season ? -lRegister.
CONItmsMAN .Joeph W. Baill
t he young Texas statesman, is boo
ing Secretary of the Treasury Carli
for the next President. iIe says tI
Mr. Carlisle is easily the greatest m~
in this country. and the peer of any
any cnuntry.
st THE WHOLE STORY.
he
Hd 1ow John Peterson Put jimustei in (iov
he ernor Taiisa's Charge.
fs CoLUMBIA, S. C., April 27.-The
ed followilig carresponde neo explain it.
is. self:
p,.Columbia, April 26th 1893.
at
,rs "Messrs. W. A.. Neal and A. W. Clay.
re. ton:
st "GENTLEMEN: Please give in' a
rie
e- statement of what you know in regard
s to ny conversat ion with John Peterson
r. at the executive nansion on Saturday
Id afternoon last.
ge "I ask it for publication to give tie
g- public the whole truth and leave Ipeople
-. at home and abroad to judge the case
Id fair ly. "Reepectfully,
"B. Rt. TILLMAN, Governor.'
.d In response to the above Mr. Claytoni
a who is a reporter for The Journal,
a makes the following statement.
3r, John Peterson, accompanied by an
d. other negro, Wade Wylie, approacted
le me on last Saturnay afternoon to know
or- where Mr. Tillman (meaning the Gov
ot ernor) was. A few questioes elicited
n- the fact that I was beinr addressed by
to John Peter8so, who n I knew to Le
m wanted at Denmark as a suspect of the
d, outrage upon Miss Mamie Baxter. I ac.
Itcompanied him to the executive man
Sion and told the Governor who he was
n and whathe wanted.
d Governor Tillman, addressing Peter
Ee son, asked him if he was John Peterson
n. and he replied that lie was, and that lie
's wanted to surrender himself to hii for
.e, protection, as lie had heard that tbey
:e were huuting him for the crime coin -
Br mitted upon Miss Baxter, andl he f'eared
that It' lie was caught lie would be
[e lyached.
.1- The Governor: "Are you guilty?"
it Pererson: "No, sir.''
e- The Governor: "Where were you on
1' Friday a week ago?"
r- Peterson: "I was at Norths."
ro The Gover ior: "Can you prove that
of and by white people?"
to Peterson: "Yes, sir."
in The Governor: "Are you willing to
,n go back there and let the voung lavly ee
ut you?"
'in . Peterson. "Yes, sir."
ig The Governor then turned to me and
said that he had no riOit to hold a man
lie who was simnly suspected of a crime,
to but that if Pnterson wanted protection I
nd had better take him to the Chief of Po
00 lice and get him to iuvestigoLe the case.
ad. This I did. After having him locked
rot up by his own request, I started out to
-od t-md Mr. L. B. Jenkins and CoubL,Z!:'"
we Lambert, the latter of' whom, I knew,
lie was then looking for Peterson with a
of warrant for hiq arrest, to see it they
n's would identify him, as he did not appear
he to suit the description eiven me of him.
#ze They were found and Mr. Jenkins
began the questioning of Peterson,
)rt which has already been mentioned, be
ry lieving at the start that Peterson was
iry guilty of the crime, but at the finish
tie that lie was innocent. Peterson was
ed then locked up, and after being returned
is to hii cell, Mr. Jenkins asked him if lie
g- would be willing to retnrn to Denmark
and let the young lady look at him. lIe
replied promptly that lie would. lie
said that lie was innocent anl did not
in fear any recognition by hr.
re Upon leaving t he guard house M r.
.Jenkins and I determine(d that there was
to at least grave doubt, of his guilt and
e- that if he was taken back there by. Mr.
1y Lambert on Sunday morning hieving
aas we did that, lie would be lynched, we
Jeterminedi to go to Governior TI'iiman
and ask him to have him hleldl here unt-il
a e fol get his witnesses together to
ali prove his alibi, which lie conlident,ly
it. claimed that lie could (10. We went,
e. and aft,er hearing us Governor Tillman
~r- agreed to hold him under condition that
as I would go and try to get his witnesses
ed toget,her for him, which I dfit, lie then
n- wrote an ordler to Sheritf Cathicart,
~s, which I dleliveredl t,o him, orderinig himi
Ean to take P'eterson from the guatd hiouse
YO and lodge him In jail until further or
t,o ders.
I went, to North's the next day and
atworked all (lay hunting tip his winesses
it. for him. Tnat evening I wired the
ne Governor that they would all he on
id. hiand on 'Alonday, itnd that they corr'oh
d, orated lis statemient,
ys A. W. Ci,A'y roN.
ii ' hieardl the conversatioin :etweeni
)e Governor Tillman and .Johmn l'eterson at
iithe Governor's mansiont last Saturday
etafternoon as statedl abhve,
ne' "Superintendant Penitentiary.
Si'ARtTANBURGc, April 2.--])r. Wil
yelham Whiitefoird miit,h died this i mriiini
oat his home ini this city, ie hiadt bee,
sein feeble healt,h for a numner of years
ar. and for several mIont,hs hias been coin
of finedh to hiis bed; so the endl was not uni
ed ant,icipated. IIis remoins will lhe ing
he tered on Sunday next,. 1)r-. Smith wia.
borni in Charleston Novembher 8, 181 2-.
at and was gradlutted from the South Cars
3l ohina College in the class of Governor
is A. G. Maigrathi. .Joining the South
se Carolinia Conference ini 1833 lie wias en
Sgaged in Christian work for near hll Ia
Scentury. In 1855 lie came ti Spiartaui
he b)urlr, as the first profeasor of Esnulish
pe literature at WVolford College, lhe lilled
a that, chair acceptably for twentv-eight
ce years. For a numb?r of years J),.
ed Siih was one of tbe most prominent
r- figures in the Southern Methiodist
Church andh was one of its niost, piopu
e- lar as well as clotiuet divines.--ta1te.|
10
Vsie Ozr' Train, Hheii i'i,*
re STi. P1:EiTSJiUit, April 26 -Many
e rumors are current, regarding the cause
eof the sudden 5t.opping of' the imfperial
at train while en route to the Crimea, andh
of resulting in t.he t rigfht by which the Czar
>pwas made iil. One rumor t.o the effect,
ot thfat thousands of peasants living in the
~el villages near Clarkof laid themselves
ig upon t,be r Alway tra'.k in order to st,op
theo Czar's train andl thius have an iiy
,port unit,y to piresenit to the czar a peti
tion against certain lceal abuses, A cong
sle feLc ensued, it, is said, between the train
tat guards and peasants, and the general
an tesuit was that iorty-two peasants arid
in thirteen sodeswere killed ia the fight
or crushedb he tan i..i
DESERVES ENDORSEMENT.
Plis8ulcian, P11oafteieri and Prohibition
its Saon'il -Join in Supporting lihe
41reat nui- Chrlit lan'zIng Cure.
Mrs T. 1. Walker in Minnoapolis Spee
tator.
It is one of the strangest develop
nents of the ICeeley Cure, this hostilit y
.ipon the part of old temlporanco work
3rs to anything that claims to dlispose of
Jrunkards by any other than the
prescribed methods that, have been in
vogue for the past litty years, and, alas!
vith such poor success. Elually aston
sh in- is it to see the indlifference of phy
5icians an( cleLrymen upon the subject
'Vhen pressed, they seem to feel no
thame In s yiig that "they have no tiked
i the papcrs, but ii, is a im i tter 1,hat
hey have not looL.d into." That is
usi it. Why have they not? How does
t comeiv to pass that they have any
ight t-) rt:niain ignorant on the sub
ect?
These three chis 3es, the temperance
-eformte rs, cler. ymnen an (I physicians, of
ill people upon the earth, have ex.
press ed the most s(icitude for the nit
.iona4l curse-th'-y hav se en the most
>A the terrible retilt.s of Iitior drinkini;
.hey have se-n tle spiritual, moral,
>hysical atd finaticial ruin that strong
Irink hag sowni bro.tdca,4t throu,4hout
lie land; they have prayeil and talked
ad labored Iuaitii1,t it vith all tihe
itrength of soul and boly. They have,
naly of them, given up their lives an(d
ill their life pros!vets to the strailhit
vorPk oI recltimiiZ drunkards, aid with
L suc41ess so limite] that they have gone
hrou!h Ilfe and out.o it, howed down
vith t bit.ter sense ot defeat, and only
iStied by the !rta"e of (;od it their
teal ts, that has given them the sus.
Laming coml!ort that they have cLone
what thievy eould.
It Dr. Keeley'is remedies were in the
vxperiment.al st.age, it lie had hit jus
beull to see elinmpses 1 iopa that It
ini-ht discover a cure t'r ahiiolisin
and it lie c Iked m ey t carrN oi he
expvriment.s it. woi;dl weim that ever'
riht.-thinkiiig person would say "t.h
eravity ot the evil whiibi he desires t<
eratiate shoul warrant the employ
imient oif the iost extreme mia sures, i
so be t.here is aiy hope or liossibility c
succes-R." and inividualls, corporations
Stat es and the nation wtil strive Witf
vach other for tlh' honor of placin thq
!n'ger s1i1m at his colminul . Wit
Wo..! Clicago gIve today, and tell doi
the sum in casi or its equivalen
lor n111 absolute t 4' cholera? Y!
what would h, the value'o mucii
rernedy, coimp.ired tothe <IiscGveries c
Dr. Keele.' o Piainly the proportion be
tween the nuiber of people annuall
destroyed or damaged by the twc
pla:yues cholera and alcohiol.
But this does notrightly represent th<
case, for .i)r. Keeley has alone and un
aided wrodit out by years of' patien
Rtudy an<d research the wonlderfiu reme
dies wit,h which lie has enriched th
world. le has carried the work beyond
thie stage of uncertainty and experiment
imd ha.-3 only offered L.he certified d 3aion.
itration to the public. Ile asks us only
. look about us on tie streets of' our
)wn city for vrools of the truth of his
1iams.
Biit In face of the injistice of' the
iesit itionis andt <tiibblIJeS andr ind(ifl erence
>1the large class of men and1( womien of
,vhomi lie ha-l a right, to expet t,he
,varmest sym >at,by and si,rong.est, aid; in
alce of' the enivy, open malice, covert,
dlanders, antd sneers, tunprmncipled imi
at,iois andt scantdious falsehoods that
iave rained down without stint, upon
his mani's heatd- for whiat?-for trying
0 aid the iios t hopeless and( helpless
lass of hutmanity-is it any wonder
hat we Iin h11imi saying, as lie did to
he writer not 4many1 weeks since: "1If
iod were".nodt biehinid my work it wouild
ecrtainl.y hatve gono down before t,he
nany assauilts tupon it, in the last eight,
no141ths" and a-zain , "It is an U up-ill
work andh a weary loath.'"
Mltooi:1;', 0. T1., A pril 3.4--Thle
[siunltrJy wecst and I50 ioth west of' here'
was swept by a teurr idl cyclone11 at~ 7 :mt
'cloc k last even i ng. Th'le niews at
h anid ma 1ks 45it certanin t.h at ten people
we'r -' Pilledt ai(n mny more inij ued,
and I litoldl prope'rty dhest royed. A mong
the (lead arie .J. (O). Connriers ali hils
whiole farmily, consist ing of' ivye persons
aliid Mr. flanks. 11. C. Clemenits and a
chuifd of' lieriiy Jitemiani. A nulmber
oif others5 were seriouisly injuiired.
Wires anid poles for miilies a round were
bloiwn dlowni.
The very lateist atI most authentic
iniformation obitainab le from the cy
clonie detvaistated sect ion cf the terni
tory is to the effer:t that from fulfty to
sixt,y hiiimaii lives werte lost; twenty
live pecopie f'atally ilinued, and( a hun
mrl mo i tre wit h iijuieits more or' less
seiloius. I"-'ive distincti ciyclonies visited
dii fe'rent onarts of t' elTerritory betwveen
2 1 ci '. o 'clock T'uesday eveinig, and it,
w ill be a da1y bef ore the luall amount of
Ilth' ti.:nagt's will lie known.
T'li t i o'4( fatal ities fby ite cyclone
of Iitrstday night grows larger each
honr1 i. In Itihe dfevastated district iiear
Norm' iian thlirt'y folur bod ies hiave beenti
ptrcepared( for hburial. Several more
were foiundu this mtorning, and half a
score of people are stilt missing. A
hunidr'edt anid IifIty peLOple were iinjuIredt
six (or eight of whiomi will die. Neal
I 'arecel ele'vcen peoiple., all members o'
one Cath.>hle congregationi, are dead
A t the town of' Case the st.orm swep
awvay neaw ly every 'itilding, and eigh'
lieop.le are kih ed . At L:agst.on tw,
are dteatd. At Ci n aront Cit.y tour ar
t.cand and1 two see dying, arid twelve in
ju red. i-' tst of t.here two lamitliet
iiuinberiing five and six resp)ectivel,
perished, antI in wee extreme easter~
hiart, oft l'aynie Couinty it is believe<
that nearly a score were killed. TJh
list (of dead wvill surely aggregat
one itundred, atnd that of' the injure
five limes that many.
TIi i'l: <lii een of Corea mtainitains a fad
phlysicianm, who is acomimodIated wit
apartmcenits in the royal palace and re
cived atyearly s<tltry of' $16,500). Sh
is obliged to visIt the queen every da&j
and remain within call wheni her ma
jesty in indinnne~ed.
SOUTII CAROLINA LOST.
RAILROAD TAX CASES DECIDED
AGAINST THE STATE.
The Receiver'jo Poweri I Superior to th
State'a Clatim for Taxem-Payment Can
not ba Had Unep 'thej Federal Court
Consents.
WAS1INGTON, April 24.-The South
Carohna tax cases were passed upon by
the Supreme Court of the United States
to-day, the opinion being delivered by
Chief Justice Fuller. It came up on
the petition of Sherift Tyler of Alken
County for a writ of habeas corpus to
release him from Imprisonment undor a
judgment of the Circuit Court of the
Umnited States, that he be lined $50 for
contempt.
lie had seiz,,d a train on the South
Carolina it tilway upon a warrant issued
by tile State authorities tr the collec
tion of taxes which were in controversy.
The road was in the hands of a receiver
appointed by the United States Court,
and he was adjudged guilty of contempt
for failing to release the property under
order of the court. Ile came to the
Supreme Court for relief'.
Justice Fuller read an opinion, con
tainmiiL much stronger language than is
usually found in such documents deny
ing the application of the petitioner for
the writ. ile said the seizure of proper
ty hN Iorce was iijustillable and could
not h. r1pteed.-. 'he claims of the
State lor ta,x,.,L- a- i. superior to the
g,teneral rulo w i,, makes property
placed in the hand, u a iecei ver sub
Ject to the or<ers of the cucti; tiey are
to be determined in t regular way and in
at proper manner. The action of the
Circuit, Court, Chief Justice Fuller said,
wits in nio sense ail action against the
SLate of Sout,h Carolina, which it was
conclutided could not be maintained un.
der the eleventh amidetidment to the Con
s0itutionl.
In conclusion lie stu the Circuit
Court was equpped witli the fuliest
power to protect i digity and to
enlorce I is mandates, and its
, use ot these powers in the
1case in point Could not be
reviewed here. r'herelore the petition
for the writ of habeas corpus was denied.
l'ie same judt-reient was announced in
i the cases of Sherifs liUser and Gaines,
who camne to the Suprenie Coit of the
United S,ates with Tyler tr relief.
A Rmnariable Came.
'o'M iii A. S. C., April 26.-A:
colored girl ktown as Tina lUchardson,
died this m ,-' 2 h Blossoml
ilLouse," in ward I, nder most peculiar
circumstances, She had been ill for
nearly two nontii and arose this morn
in at the secustomed hour apparently
11o worso than usu'l. She was sitting
near the hearth when she suddenly
coughed up a live atinial about an inch
and a half long and respimbling a young
mouse in some respects and in others
resembling another atilmal. She fainted
and was assist,ed to a bed by a colored
woman, who ran to give the alarm.
A large crowd gathered in a short
while aI every imaginable superstitious
theory Nwas advaniced. The little ai
mal on the hearth had been unmolested
up to this time. Sois one poked it
with a stick and it squealed and
squirmed. The girl recovered sufticient
ly to say there was one still in her throat
that was choking her to dfeath). She
made frantic efforts to get it out, some
time almost strangling herself in her ef
forts to get hold of it.
All the time she was sull'ering ago
mecs. Gradually she sufl'ocatedi to
(death. IBefore her death she accused a
colored woman living in the neighbor
hood( of having given her "this
thing,'' meaning that she had
been conjured or "hoodooed.'' In
thle mleatime a smlall boy had
been sent, t,o bring the aniinal which
had been1 carried away. iIe came run.
ning andi deposited a bottle in the lap of
an old "mama'' who turned it up and
out came t,he cause of all tile excitement,
a little red! hairless thling that sq 'icaled
every timle it was touched.
The nlegroes in that section of' the city
are excited anId their superst,ttious fears
are freely expressed. A large crowd
was ct ngregated airounld tile street
dloor and( Onl tile corner. People were
continually gzoing and coming irom every
dlirectionl. No reasonable explanation
of' this curious affair has been given.
Dr. L. 1B. Folk was called in after the
woman hlad been dead for some, time.
When seen by a reporter Dr. Folk
sald lie did not, know whether it was all
suplerstition or not, as mledical writers
were dlividied on1 whet,ber .an live animal
'old( exist im tile human body, but, that
the more receint, med~icil ,vorks claini
thait sutch a thinig is p)ossible. IIe vol
unt,eeredi to look up1 aL siiliarcase, but
as the reporter was leaving lie declined
with thanks.
The ''object'' was taken to Dr. Ken
dall, whlo proniou'iced it a *y onug mouse.
ie thinks it, dropiped fromi a crack over
head1(, but1, the replort,er observedi the ceil
ing critic.illy, and1( n> crack coul he
seen. 'VTe rooml is on tile first, floor and
the ceiling is plasteredl. This seems t,o
b)e an almost incerediDie story but,1 these
are the fact,s as gathieredh froml t,he wo
man who was 'n the room at the time of'
tile occurre.ce.- Journal.
A New ira E%r i'ort I, oyai.
SA vA NNAli, Ga., Aipril 2:3. -The decis.
1011 of Judi(ge Pardt.e of the Unriitedl States
Ci.cuis Court in t00 C-Ise of the~ Port
lloyal and A ugusta It dflroadf has been
received. Mr. J. ii. Averili was ap
iposfted1 receiver of the Port Roval
-road by the South C4rolina Suiate t'oirt
,andi wa1s direct d by it to apply to Re
', ceivedI Coimer, of1 the Georgia (Central
i Iailroad, for the possession of the
Spropert,y. Mr. Averill asked the
e Unaited Str.tes Circuit Court t.a direct
e lReceiver Comner to turn the property
El over to hlin. Tre P'ort Royal road is
a fully organizedl comlpany, and is nlot
inlSolvent, biut passed mito ReceIver
V Corner's possession as part of the Ceo
a tral Rlailroad!, the Central owing the
- nmjorit,y of its stocks and bonds.
a TVhe court orders Receiver Corner
,to turn the property over to the Port
- Itoyal and Augusta Company, and dis
charges Receive:- Comner.

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