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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, November 30, 1893, Image 1

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MatterR Wh'ch Will Interest Eves y Well
rnformed Citizen-Tbe State B3ndi', the I
Borrowing of Money, and the Financial
Part, of the Dipipendar y
COLUMBIA,S. C., Nov. 22.-The most a
important and interesting report of c
any State officer is that of Tteasurer t
Bate.3, given to the press yesterday af. 11
ternoon. Every citizen who desires to t
keep posted on the affairs of his State t
should read it. There is not a line Of r
the report which will not be of inter- p
est. The Dispensary figures given fur- i1
niah the first accurate idea of the result f
of the scheme, financially. Treasurer c
Bates says: c
"The State is to be congratulated
upon the success that attended the ef
forts of the Governor and freasurer to e
carry out the act of December, 1892, v
providing for the redemption of the t
Brown consol debt. Notwithstanding d
the Injury done to the credit of the 2
State during the dark days of misrule E
from 1868 to 1876, and the baneful pres- a
ence of $5,965,000 of fraudulent conver- o
sion bonds o 1869, beariug the great i
seal of the State, still listed upon the
New York Stock Exchange, and the c
prevalence of the severest monetary I
:ianic this country has experienced in B
many years, South Carohna refunded I
her brown consol debt maturinir Feb
ruary 1, 1893, by placing 20-40-year I
and one-half per cent. bonds at par.
The details of this transaction are set i
forth in tables numbered Nos. 11 and
"In order that the pubiic may be
more fully informed as to the work, I
submit the following statement:
"During the month of October, 1892,
the (avernor and Treasurer visited
New York c'ty and rem +tied there
some weeks trying to induce capital
ists to take the isium of four per cent.
bonds then provided for. We did not I
succeed in our efforts Some of these g
capitalists saw thrair opportunity to i
force a recognit ion by tie State of the i
fraudulent bonds and demanded such r
a recognition as the price the State t.
must pay in order to secure their aid v
The principal holders of the brown c
consols were rt-sidents of our State.
awd the prevailing rate of interast. here
being hiwo, these holders naturally
preferred h iving their consols contii- I
ed at six per cent rather thavi ch inize
their invt-stweats to four or four and
one-half per cent. binds
Sli tie were some of the dilliculties
that had t.o oo overcomf.
"After leaving NOw York wo s-cur.di
the servic-s of Mr Coltein Rhin 1, of
Augus'a, G:., who turnisq(Ad thA best
testimonials and impressed us with his
high character and busine.ss ability.
le was auth,orized to open negtia
lions for fun ling the debt of the State
and inviting propositions f,>r four per
cent. and for four and one-hAlt oer
cent,. bonds. During the month of No- I
vember Mr. Riind submitted a letter t
in the nature of a proposition from Mr.
French, then president, of the Manhat- (
tan Trust Company on the part of said f
company and its associates. It was c
upon this proposition aq a basis tha.
the refunding act of 1892 was intro- i
duced into the Legislat ure. They pro- 4
posed to take four and one-half per s
cent. 20.40 year bonds at par, and I
would place to the credit of the State
in the Mailiati an Trnst Comp-ny$250, 1
000 by December 1, 1892; $5,000,000 by c
January 1st, 1893, and any balance
that might be needed by February 1st,
1893. It was our expectation and hope I
that this would be definitely arranged,
and with this ready cash we would re
deem the brown consols in anticipa
tion of their maturity and have for the
State all unmaturel interest on the<
consols. But, unfortunately, before the
act of 1892 was passed by the Legisla
ture, Mr. French became Ill and soon
afterwards died, and pending his Ill-t
ness two of his strongest associates
withdrew, having become alarmed ata
the unusual shipme'nts 01 gold from
the United States to Eiarope.
However, Mr. lain,1, continued his
efforts, and assisted by one or imore o01
the associates of Mr. French, succeed- I
ed in organizing a syndicate of New
York, Baltimore, Richmuond, Charles (
ton and other capitalists, of which the
Baltimore Trust, and G uarantee Corn- ]
pany, Robert C. Davidson, president,
was the agent. This syndicate, after]
much correspondence and delay, enter-c
ed into a written contract with the &
State on the 19th day of January, 18b3, (
to take $2,000,000 of the $5,250,000 four
and one-half per cent. bonds,which the
State proposed to sell at " par fiat", and f
were allowed an option of the remain
ing $3,250,000 until A pril 1st, 189)3, at c
the same price. On the 7th of March, I
1893, the syndicate exercised the option
and an amendled conitract was made,e
binding them to take the entire issue. I
Both the original andi the amend(ed
contracts are (in lile in this ollice. It is
p roper to state in this connection that (
Mr. R~hin d was to look to the syndh
cate which lie organized for compensa- 1
tiop for his services. The State not
paying him anything except $150 in &
one instance to bear the expenses of a
special trip to New York on pressing
business for the State in the bond
"Early In May the force of the mone
tary panic was plainly felt, anid ai ques- C
tion arose as to the legality oif the ,on- ~
tract the State had ma-de with tnie syn
dicate. This question had to be ,eeVtled,
because it, threw a cloud over the titlet
of the boiids. A hear ng va had be- a
fore ithe Supreme Court, en May 9th
and on M.ay 15 h a dlecislion waM render
ed, in which the Supre nit Court unani- e
mou, ly susmt ied the cotit ract. As can 3
be reaily imagined the ditlicuil ies and
dangers thai attendrd the fulilui]it i
of the contract c;'used much anuxietty t o 8
those who represen'edi t,he State in
' such responsible work.
"It will be seen the re are still out
standinrar brhwn consuls to hi' amount c
0' 1152520 27. Or thh-a- 857.375 22 ar,- c
he1d for ereon it quesi, an,d ar- to r
be canice led and repres~enteti by bIX p)i r
cent. s -ri o, as proiyded by act o1 lIe- I
cember, 1891, and to redeem the - e- ~
mainder e have cash on hauid,am mtnt- I
lng t. $115,258 85. Thus there us an ex. s
cess0 o an t.o the credit "If the re.
S demption fund amt.unting to 920,11386, r
which is explned by the fac:t that in
estimat,ing the amou.nt of brown cone- 2
sols to bb redeemed on July lst, we 'I
had to allow some margin for what
bro wn conisols. might, h.. iasued ulnd-r
the various act. f.m 1873 to 1879-8012
between the date of contract with the
yndicate and July 1st, 1893. The I
mount issued was not as large as was c
xpected. t
"Here I wish to call especial atten- s
ion to the fact that the amount of I
onds and stocks still fundable in l
rown consols, lezs validity,etc..amount c
ricluding interest to July 1st, 1893, to ,
482,198.57. Why the holders have d
vaited so long to fand their bonds, I c
annot explain. Some have been sur- L
endered here for redemption or fun:l- d
rig since July 1st, 1893, and a question d
rose in my mind as to the proper r
ourse to pursue. I decided to await E
he action or instruction of the Legis- j
iture and respectfully recommend e
bat the valid principal and interest in r
de fundamental bonds be funded di- c
ectly in the brown four and one-half f
er cent. bonds, and the excess of cash t
1 hand to the credit of the redemption c
und over and above the brown consols p
utatanding be used in purchasing and 4
ancelling brown four and one-half a
er nent.
"The expenditures during the year i
xceeded the receipts, and the State I
vas forced to borrow money. Wnile
here was an increase in the revenne
erived froim phosphate royalty of $81,- <
58.05, as comp-tred with last year it
aust be remembered that there was
falling off of some $40,000 of receipts
n account. of a reduction from 4 M i
aills to 4 % mills in the tax levy.
The expenditures were greatly in- J
reased in 1892 93, as compared with -
891-92, as the following items will i
Lmount to pay six months'
interest on new bonds.... $118,250 00 1
L n o u n t appropriated,
Clemson College.......... 50,000 00 I
Lmount appropriated, State
Dispensary................ 50,000 00
L mount appropriated, artiti -
cial limbs................ 5,000 00
Linount represented by j
mill off in levy tax........ 40,000 00
$263,250 00
"ro meet these extraordinary de.
rands the Governor and Treisurer, by
,uthority of act of the Legis!ature,
iorro wed $100,000 on notes and about
135,000 in the way of overdrafts on
tanks. Th - plan of making overdrafts
nstead of eiving notes for all money 1
eeded was to avoid borrowing more
han was acti illy needed and saving
s mueh interest as possible. In con
Alusion I inmut ctll the attsnition of the
.egislat,ire to the fact that, the tim
ilt,wed this department in which to
nake a r-port is ioo short. The fsc i
ear closts on Otober 31st, and the
a,rais'a'ure mt-e s in ab-m three weeks
if . r is (late. The s ate Tr-asurer
a-i to m ike a det ailld report to t he
Joniptroller General of all ihe 0 -tober
ranwictions of his departinent, copy
his report ipon hit- records and lmi
mev all his books b-fore he v in g t
accurate informatiion t emiody in his
-eport. Cinn->t. some re-iedy be pro
iided for ihis diflicul.y ?"
The lfziires contained in the con
lensed tables below give every one a
air idea oft.h- ex-ict financial condi
ion of the -fivre government. The
Ollowing is the abstr iet of cash ia
)lities. 0.:tober 31st, 1893:
Iti eres duo and not ealled for, viz
)n con)8,4s, (IBr.1wn awl vilid Gre-n1),
ron 1879 to 1893, 885,518.48; on 4 Or
Pot. redimption bro .%i consols, 1893,
'5.02; on blue 4% pe*r cent. redinip
11i dclivieties, 1,93, $78.70; oii new
% p-r cew'. refdeupitin brown con
ls, 1813, $428.81; on delicienv stock,
879 to 1888, $589 79; total, $86.650 89
Int-!rest fr,mi 1st of .niixrv, 1880 to
st July, 1893, on $266,408.05 brown
on ols liable Lo be issued for valid
>rincipal and interest of old Ionds not
et consolidated, balance of appropria
ion therefor, 887.839.54; not apecilically
ippropriated, $127.950 98; total, $215,.
90.52. Interest on consols to July,
878, formerly I unrdable. no w payable,
591.480.47; tot al, $393,921.88. Principal
>f deiciency stock due 1888 not yet sur
enderedi by holders, $657.40; principal
>rown c'onsols due 1893 ouitstandilng,
$1I2,520.27; less amount belonging to
he Clemson bequest, $57,375.22, $95,-i
.45.05; loans effected by Governor and(
;tate Treasurer authorized biy act 1892,
$105,000.00; sinkin g fund comm ission,
p42,901.82; direct tax fund, $24,397,54;
lirect tax proceeds act 1884, $10,992 03;
state dispensary special accouint sales
ander Section 2 Dispensary Act, 1892,
515,838.26; Morrill fund (due Clallin
jollege), $10,033.65; Clemson College,
1,151609; special accounts, viz:
.scheated estate Malono, '$700.82
scheated estate Butrton, 81,70193:
)owner fund, $529.07, Clemson be
Luiest, $1,061.23; total, $4,602.65; bal
ince appropriation undra wn, say, $18,
00.00; t otal, $722,634 97.
CASh AssET1S3isTr ov ocTrontin,
General account, $12,612.44; sinking
und, $42,901 82; balance from s ales 4%
er cents for redemption of Birown
onsols, $115,238 85; dispensary special
und for sales,$1,838.26; cash for re
lemptiLn of delictencies, $938 65; (s.
heated e-states, $2,111 75; Downer
tindi, $329.67; Clemtsoni College, $1,151.
9; Morr ill undi (for (Mallian CollIt-ge),t
110,033 65; direct tax fuind, $24,390.51;
3it-msona bequest, $1,661 .23; total , 227,.
'28 55; net cash liab,ilities 31kt Oetobeur,
893 $494,906.42.
Liabiies o,her than cash, (bond
econnt), gaeen consols outstanding,
1528,5l6.56; less est.imated invalidity,
1419,673 95-108.882 61; brown 4% p-r
ente redemrps lun of 'he browna con
ols act, 1892, $5 40i1955.86;brown 4 per
enlt. reoe pt aon browna console, $122 -
4; blue 434 per cents, "delleiencies,"
1400,000; Agricultural college scrip,
1i91,800; bonds anrd ator-k (or incipds
vith interest to lst Janua ry, 1880,) <i.
horized to be funded !iu brown con)1
ols by the act of11873 aind subs'eqiueitr
wts, not includaig invahit , anid
vhich perhaps shotiid be a'dde d~ to ihe i
ash iiabilities, $266.40805; tot ii, 8
93 168 56; net cash liahbi it i es 31 it G- 3
ober, 1893, as a bove, $49490 ol42; o'al I
1t ii ities 1st November, 1893, $6,
G, neral t :ux' s 1891 and 1892, and also ji
ack u,axn ., $7:35.411.03; nhoisph ate rov
It ',, $233 544143; sale-s bro wn 4%4 per r
er is is-. .d letr' re'np ion of nol4 #0
"nsols, 82.930,346 74 ;'e 'vei rpay ments E
etnd 111 750--82 929 596 71; privilege r1
ax o irr'iz lZs, $5u 213.93; M 'irill ]
il f roma Ui eti state-s go vet-ret, i
19,.00; S al e ditapensary sal.s,$100 332 -
3; in,uiranio liceines - f es., $10,000; I
lking I trnd ctrn missioin, ;7,OO0; 'In ,.
t 0(1ice of 8-cretauy of0 Sal ,$2,521 13;
aOlsd as.t.mreuts for railroaid cmn. I
;iasion, 16,0854-0; -ptciai funds, $7.
37.45; loneos (Governor anwl 8Sr e
r aure r), $105 lunO; ot.h'r s urct s, $1,
84.10; tof al, $1.208 456 361; ' ;ilanc*. e ,50 t
14t October, 1892, 1201,748 9%'$4,410,-' t
Legiaslative expenses, 143.427,88; pub. -I
ic printing, $23,932.45; educatio
haritable, penal and ainitary inst
Ions and expenses, $223,835 61; Cli
on Agricultural college, $151,700
,iterest on public debt and expen
349,597.63; interest on new 4%
ent. redemption brown consols
uly, 1893, $117,696.19; brown con
tie July, 1893, principal redeemek
ash, $2,814,337 89; expenses i edemut
rown consols, 6,036 6 4-$2,820.374
eficiency stock rede aned, 60.32; S1
ispensary, $134,493 87; salaries
reme court, circuit judges, solioit,
tate oficers, county auditors and
erintendents of public instatuti
tc., $151,098.14; pensions, $51,470
aaintaining militia, 310,000; expet
f elections, $18,167.66; conting
unds, stationary and stamps, ex(
ive ofilces and Supreme Court, G
rnor's oillee, including civil con
ent fund,$8,254 27; other offices, v
,3,320.54-811,574 81; direct tax cli
et of 1884, $1,781 15; direct tax ft
30,233 16; artificial limbs, $5,108; si
Tg fund commissioners warra
M959 52; special funds, not includ
3,242.23 paid Clemson college fromn
ome of the Clemson bequest, $6,46,
in other accounts, $24,498 22; t(
,4,182 476.71; balance 31st. October, 1
k227,728 55-84,410,205.26.
The financial table showing the
ires upon the redemption of the br<
onsols covered above and the folli
ng statement of the new issue of b
-the brown 41 per cents rodeeni
n 1933 are given:
Total am,unt issued to 00tober
.893, 35,401,955.86, of which aim
he purchasing syndicate received
50,000; amount issued in exchanZe
)rowtn 4 per cents under act, of 1
150,926,57; additional amount iin
,hange for brown consols, $1,029.
55,401,955 86.
As will be noticed above in the u
>f expenditures 813-1493.87 was expt
d for the State disuetsary, the apj
)riation being $50,000.
BIa'd Full of Fight.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 21.-Silvert
ncouraged by the election results
>elieving that the condition of
ountry since repeal has demonstr
hat .he silver purchase law was
he cause of the linancial depres4
ire preparing to renew the battle
"We expect to undertake to pa
ree coinave bill lefore Congress
auris." said Mr. liLaid decisivel
I ty. "W hat success we will hav
very imcertain. I shall iontrdtc
>1il re ei acting the Act. of 1837
1hus prov iding ;ipai n f or tho II e C
,ge (i the htaijht d silver d(olar.
p sil i is that we sotld rept al
ill oi 'tie Sherm-in I w aon silver
ave the law of 1837 re enacted
'hus put silver , ack to . rieie -t
b-ore hw pu! his hamd on it. Sinc
have rpealed kne of his la vs let a
p-al ali of them. 1 think that t m
(V of the C1iniAge ComlinlAven %Wi
vor suoh a bill as I am reparm;i
hink te lge e1e1tl;)n will , timl
Pome of them to a belief in the wis
>f such a policy. The last elec
eemed to be a general want of e,
letce in the Deuioci ;tic party.
tsuilt of the Le el,.' i oil does not j
'i her as thotigh tne people had m
ontidaece that. I he repeal of' the S
nan la-v %. ould help I hem.
"My purpose is to int.ro inee' suc
>ill, have It oni ptly acted iupol ly
:ommiLte, ts i hav e no doubt it
Pe, and have it reported bacK to
Elouse. I am willing to wait III
easoiable time for the discussion
tssage of a tariff bill bea ore prt s
.tie free coinage measure. We
iot embarrass theu, ant will giv
me any exuse or evading the is
L think our pe pie ought to go to %
LUd p-ss a good t erilf bill at an e
1a , and alt er that is done 1 purpo
ace i we cannot have somelt lina
egislation. For may part, I am a I
;rader, and do not belonag to the i
lental protectionists. Of cours:
:hey put wool oa t Ihe free list I e
xpect anid insist on a very hiavy
ni woolen mainuf.ctured goods.
ihould consider it, very unfair to
vool on the tree list unless we a
~ompensating redlaction in mai
~ured woolen goods."
hIattle in the nMounlt,aon.
GRIEENVILL.E, S. C., Nov. 21.
rices to the Greenville Ne ws says
i regular battle occurred yesterdu
he mountains, nearl the line l>etL
ireenville and Spartanburg cour
n the Spartanburg side. T1nere
t public sale, and a la,rge number o
nountain people had assem bled. '
cey flowed freely, and the're was
or less fIghting all day. This cuii
ted In the afternoon, when t.he ow~
f a blockade whiskey wagon an
Oliple of State disp)ensary otlicers,
iad tried to seize it, came toge
.tler a brief preliminary wral
hooting began. Most of the sober
Idery men had g'ne home, anda
oys" had a leautifuil i ree igh
hemselves. Oae of the owners of
vagon, a man named P'arris,f
ort.h Carolina, was shot through
eart and Instantly killed. I
'isher, one of the dlisp)ensry oflit
vats Iounad in the kitchen dead, wi
millet throtigh his breast.
Severai others were wounded, t1
eriously, and nearly every todty la
lash from ti knife or ai blw ivIroan
mutt of a revolver as a aouvenair ol
NEw YORK, Nov. 22 --The art
ah of coLa ono gooads for 10:3ss, F&
a Co. was heuld todlay at the a'el
oomas of WVilmnerdling, Ilogaet &,
4o. 61 i Whit e st.ree,. 'These sal-s
eldl each year lor t,hie pur a se of
lag tha" arae' of the counat ry. J
eari -13,000) rack .ges wv, no sold.
'ear aanly 16.00) e ert offero (1. Tlae
ala for' ai, 1 ad og11 i to Ciat. l1iin
hat m.st, ea . air i.tr<.' mails ha
a-ein rumating (iii hai tun-a- tor a
nen are wtateinig I i v ay Ils as it1
Irobaably dernalea nt her t c1hey watt h
goaod winatea 's .vaik or whatrier
oajoarit,y ot triis I aies tomils iti
3' aw ria S a-tes, of wa:::i li:t0:, l'ah
a Co. a-re, the ageat s, w .11 .h it d a
t'he auct.ion romsai w amer ra nie I
he muorun ag, anad th.- Ii oding a '. --
(ost. epirited wicni hac , vyren(4
eraza these saes. C2 1. Ib s s idal
maces fully came uip to is .-pa : i
aid hie colalde,rs the resu~alt ii .0
n evidenace that the cour ry is tir
aoads ania that. traders wilt he' n
uyers tIes wi,r Tue sal. - ie -
ho' entiare dlay. T'he reeip a its
sbly foout up t.o ovear one unihon n
os Tihe St-ty-at-iH ome Vote D)id It--3 cle of
I in
ion Democratic Defeat-Popultlu Will
Throw tho Election of President to 1I96
Su- Into the louse.
st- WASHIITON, D. C,, Nov. 21.
ms Frederick C. Waite, who did a great,
.27' deal of expert estimating for Superin
ses ten -ent Porter in the census ofilce, said
ent some notable things this evening in his
icu- lecture at the Columbian University.
ov- Prof, A. F. Craven in introdacing him
till- said: "We have with us this evening
tc., a rislu. statisticiau whose remarkable
S, insight into ti-tures enabled him twelve
nd, months ao to )oint. out in his lectures
nk- at Johns IIopkins University that the
uts, forces which produce commercial crisis
ill were at flood t:d-. Had the bankers
.11. been as ex)ctant of disaster, they
would have maintained their reserves
89 and thus staved oil the blunt of the cri
fig- "Mr. Waite, who is making an elab
)wn orate investigation of the cause of dis
)W- content in this country for his lectutes
nds at Johns IIopkins, and who says only
Lble what lie can prove, wilI now address
us upou the lessons to be drawn from
t,ite electon. As the election is ttie key
ntboard by which the citizens cf a conti
nent exoress and record their wishes
their hopes and their discontents, the
scientilestudy of election statistics in
>9 such hands is eminently fitting in a
practical course of economics like ours."
ible Mr Waite said: Another "tidal
end- wave'" of disapproval has been recorded
pro- at the I)olls. Let us analyze the re
turns in the lilit, of sixty years of elec
tion vtatistics. Prom my statistic%l
chart,'coin paring the political complex.
nen, ion of eleciions for t-%cnt,y years with
and ,iose of torty years previous," you will
the see that, durin,- the last twenty years
ited and also the twenty )ears ending mlth
not lie br-ukimw tip of ihe Wh big party, the
titn- D, mou ats carricd every alternate Pres
for id j(ntial elct,ion and yet were alwaNs
e a etvaled at the intervening Presidential
to- To the Democrats 1836 and '76
e is brotiht vietories at the pol s; '40 and
a '80 dI lieals; '.14 and '84 VIctoriet,; '48 and
ad '88 d f, at-; '52 and '92 victoi ies. More.
o i- ovur, ' u I o ice that dJur1mw both pe
M . ri(ids the Diemrats c.Arriud every off
nlo%w ( On-2e-ji'oal i en, tScept the one
and durmn tLe M xican ntsr.
and A vear ne, m a , crr at Johi.4
p'ens 1-1K Ujg:v-isit\, I aviii thus point
d -u, iti d-al ui t th. (lci'n pun u -
ij r- - ini-s t1o. Iani e ( f supremac%
I F-1 K)A4 tpir to party with m1a1,ihena.ical
. - i,uhai ity wheniver there is no _,rta
llate .S WI If, wve I Ulhe 1)1)111ical parties, I
(lon,maic: "TIherm is nothineu Purprising to
1ion s ist Jciati in the Clevolid Vote.
inti- Tle R Iu lican Irimers have not b.
'1W co ne Dmc-crat.'' This year I add,
ook 'i rit the D, mt c -.t!8 fiive not, voted the
oCh Itepuh) can ticiet-l, luit have merely al
tier- j( to Ilhe eI,- ) I.( )N by d<1.l.
h a S~nev i' It oublicaun votv I r llari-i
:-on im 18 S , q 'aled a larr' p.-1 cent of
will le lo:al luaUller of le al voters in Now
the Yo: k than the greaWest Democratic vote
en a ever p lIed, it i lair to Aurnue that the
and vot:ri not affiliat,inur with the lusser
sing l)trLes one hill ae Itepubean0s aUd
will tbe oher halt are DIlmocrats. Thece
e no fore by sutibir ing f'rom the Rv)pii 0ican
sue. hall the I.: ublcau vote in 1893. and
fork from tho Dmorie h:If I tle De.Uo.
;tly ciatic vote, we ind that 190.000 It'pub
o to liLOans at,dl 210,000 Demicrats dlid not
cilvote, if we asume that t.hose voting4 cast,
ne their owni party ticket, with the excep
ad-tion of saty, 5.000 Dem~ocrats.
ha Mi'. l)hpew, however-, claims that
cut [50,000 Demiocrants voted the liubi
1. cem ticket. If so, by deductinii t,bat
put 150 000 Decmocrats from the 215,000
eit a Demiocrats wh.> dId not vote t,he Demiio
Ltiac- cr-atic ticket, we have left G-2,000, the
unnmber 'vho didn't vote atall. Tie total
number not voting was 4100,000. Sub
tractini! the 65,000 D)emocrats we lave
-Ad- left, 335,000. the number of itepublicanls
that niot, vototg.
y in IIenee it, is in order for Mr. D)epcw to
vles, eplahy lie thin~ks tht, 335 0(00l
v s'pubhansdeemedi their ticket, unworthy
V/the of being voted, while all but, 65,000O of
ihis- the Thkmocrats marched in solid col
nore umns to the polls.
ruin- To show that the lLepublicani fariner
ners did not vote for Cleveland I anailp. d
d a the election returns, to wn by town,
who thiroughiout t.he rural dis'ricts of New
ther York, and dIlscove-red that, the rur-ai vole
igle for Cleveland was even less in 18'J2
aldr than in 1888 in every na'ricultural county
ieof the Emire btate. Sa great was the
d o(ecreaise, that it mone, than '-iset the
thm Cleveland ians im New York City.
roi 1nfh.1o10 and the cittics of the int,erior.
Inr In Ohio it wats just the same. Cleve
r and' s vote was htos ini 1892 th mn in 1888
t,h a mthe rurai towniships of ali the agri
h ree lII ice .ne only reas >nai bl conclusion
1(1 a is that, last yeair the dissati4fiedi ILitibli
thle caIn farmners, andi this year thease and
the~ ot1hem- dliss;ut fled lie:pub'licanKs and dhiS
conienited IDemaocratic lai boreis by the
h i died of tholusandsil, lave j iined the
sta-at-home yv:;es. Last year the
ianuhKal 3tay-t-h'omec vote ini Penni ~eania n'im
yun hi redl 270,000, this~ 3 ear 53o,000, in New
ion York.~ 200,000 last .yeari, tuns year 400,
CO ' 000; in Viiurmnia last year 75 000, t,his
a'~r 150,000; ini (,hicaco 55,000 lant
yen, ' ' ar 180,000; i> Nearaesk a 40,
S000 ini 1888. tis c ar- 120,000. It is
rean ['n ilita.t homei party wh ih has madmi
,is suchi lphe-lint'ial gains, wiled wi:thout
.ing A ci has hadl an1 elcii in, the re has
i k- lbt 'ii a <fh cr,es ii the vo of thi. 1B:
,vii ul p uben. Demliocrat c and all ot,btr par
ti )h hI .;gin i'-u ini some iit' trie Stat-a
' ii.a L I 0n accout, of' I he din a wai
ithVif 'Uiilon. M ,r.ila'id has niot, ca-it for
tI De in t:o S i t ca: -hdates e-uc'i a
na Mu*!! r at >t lier fuh v'te wn.h;ii
4)1 n" ii' hiv'e years. Ii' Pennj ylvania t,be
ni e I) - i' i ert.e par~ t v ha lit4 Ki l.ji iledt such e
or sinai v.ote 'Or nI ai er tiury.
Iiv'iih- aol.. Sh.lL' lt-a.i - ,-t olile icci-,.
ei' ~ c 10,: eri i -amn- a~ ihiose iii 1'
- . .-amr, w -2i 1.000 000( lie pu bicean f
Lul-[ mu. rn su., ed .uno .iL-iit le.. un Ii tlr Popa
1i ?mt briuhrun eat 1, 12,53 r tc o
the strength of visionary promises. Al
though many of those promises have
been proven to be worthy of as little
considerationas those givingutterance to
them are worthy of the support, yet the
Populists have held their v)tc remark
ably well, even in those States where
they were successful last year only be
cause of the aid of the Democrats.
Census and registration statistics dis
close the fact that theState having elec
tLions this year have furnished their full
quola of G 000,000 stay-at-home voters.
Fully 4,000,000 of these are utterly dis
satisfica with their own party. They
and the Popubsts are the two potent and
every increasing armies of discontent.
Plans are being laid to unite these forces
under one banner. Their utter lack of
leaders of ability seems to be the only
Those causes which have produced
their discontent are identical with the
c iusea which have produced the present
fInancial crisis. Hence, I may quote a
few words from what I said in Mise
laneous Senate duument, No. 25, "re
lative tj the cause of' the indus.rli de
"In a word, the total net private In
debtedness of the Anio-ican people
equaled In 1880 but, 6,750 million dollura.
in September 1892, it, al'minted to 19,
700 millions, an increase of 12,000 mil
lions in the short period of to ,ve
"These mute fi.uree tell the tale. One
manufacturin and miniiin- industries
have been stimulated under the intoxi.
tatins influence (of protection, wiile our
farmers have been compelled to boirow
to reetLdefuits. Our land value3 have
been bolstered up by booms and ruth
less real estate speculations all over the
West and South. Riilroads have been
built, to forestall competitors, to raise
the value of land and to build Cit.is where
none were needed. Bonds andi watered
Ptocks have been ruthiessly I)ated for
the purpose of wreckin:, valuable proper
ties until now the liabilitics of the rail
road companies, c(ial tully ,5 per cent.
or 5,000 anillion dollars more than their
'.otal assets."
The general dise-itent and pri o'sund
unrest produced and reinforeeti by smuch
potent cconomic lorces an(i combinled
with the possibility ol a 'labor vote ut%
he expected to debar the 1t mulics
from uaining the nec,-sstri in ij >-It y in
the next electoral t >lleig. As 189G is
not the soar on which D mocritic vie
tory will fall according to tie lW of
po0itical ccles sitr-eady not,ed the 11.mIIAf
ot It -prest-ntatitvei toi he chosen in z'.l
witl prshiblN elect the0 next PresIdelt
of the United Sat1IL.
Ly1.ehe4 in a
OTTUM WA. I-%. Nv. 21 -An excited
and ansgiy m h II litiig Predl Giistifs,t
to tie at air ratlite of Jlistice V'ruita's
court ro nli at 2:30 1 his at ternion.
Gusafson britally assmit,iId the
f our year old girl of Jone Sax aboiut,
10 O'clock last isiiit. The brut,e wts
arrested shortly art-.r c )mmi'tng the
crime and lodge In jil. 'its morn
ing lie was taken to ;x's liiuso and
posit f vely iden illed by the li tIe gi:I
and a coln'ioli, who was enticed to
a room toiilo hr with i le lit tli S ix
girl, but was pertnitte.J t liave afLer
gettinig inside the roomn. (us als 11
kept the I:tite S.jx child aid suicce ted
in hik pilpo.w. Ie thei- turned iher
out, and with u11nlch dillictilty she ste
ceeded in reachmin( lioit-, iin a terriile
condition, and rela,ed her ier horible ex.
perienice to i--r parents.
I1er father w!-w to police headqliar
ters, and soonl Capt. I llnnon had ( 11
taf-son bAhlid the ba's o1 the toini.y
jail. At 2 o'clo(:k tod;iv v Gtustafsoi ws.
taken quietly to Justice rruitt's otlie
for arraignment. Thew iews f.hat the
manr wasi in Truiitt's Court sp)read with
wond(erfuil rapidity, andi in less than
twent,y minutes a crowd otf perhaps a
thousand was surging around the stair
way leadfing to the court roomi, trying
to get at t,he prisoner.
Th'fe mother of the little girl, suc
ceeded in getting to thie top) of the
stairs and to thie platform in front of
the court room swung a rope, and to.
gethier wIth her aged father appealedf
to I lhe crowd below to hang (Gustfafsons.
Slheriff Mcintyre and Mayor F'orce
appe~saf to the crowd for peaco arid sif
l 1ence, btut all in vain. The mnoh forced
its way inito the court room, over
whelmning the oflicers by sheer weight,
of' nusmbers. Th'le leader seize'd the rope
from the hands of Mrs. Sax andf as thie
court attaches were powerless to int.er
I ere, placed it about Gu st.atsona's nieck
in a tw.inkling. With ia yell of rage-,
the rope was seized by a 1s lidaredl hands
andt the qutakiung wretch wws drsagged
I iroin is cha ir aicros~s th tilifori to) the
dioor, where he was 1sf to I over the rail
isng u itf 1 the rope had beetn iniade ss
cuire, whlen lhe was let go.
lie hung suissendedi- above the pave
menit on the prinicipal street of the ity
for fitlIly ten5 minusiites, thes contoirtions
of' hiLs body biitg (ecedinigly ri-volt,
inrg. Sud Jetsly t hei rop)e parted a ti ihe
blody dropped to the street, below, ai a
rusn was made for hits possess5ion5.
T1hie police weore first to reach thie
b)ody, and hastily thirowinrg it, insto a
farmer's wagon, stanlding neair by,
dIriove irapid1ly 10 the jail, folio we't b)y
the rusob. TIhe lynichers again demni-.
ed the body of Gutstasfson, nor would
they dtesist when told that, the luan
was (tead. A true wa.s pt.chid( uip by
t he apspointimehnt of' a commi ite'e, which
examtied lthe body ahid pronsountceit
life extLInet,.
The mob then quickly anid q 'ii-t ly
dlispersed, and the cit y Is now as spiuit
a-s la no thousgt, of' the terrutile is ffosr
of the atlterisoon hadl i-ver ent-red the
minds of any cit i'e of t Ihe place.
The lit' I gIrl remnniins in a p re sri
ous condfh fooi, wi Lh the chaiice's of litf e
greatly agaist. lien.
Tea. tilorrosrs og W,re.
MI A DisoN, W is., Nov.- 17. - is' .viod
.Seniia~ry, a l)uusiititests feisab; 1:ii tsi
t,ion, two mhus s f roas m is city, was
birnsed list uign .. lFsfry girls we-re ini
atterndanice. T1hes Si-tntun ry was dtocat
ed t o ih- Si'era by ex -Gsv. G. C. WaTh -
bairn. ilor,th ssnuddig wvere bulrinied.
T'wo lit tse giris wer .or fT~ , sd in bs'd
-MaIgl-I .ie iac, aig I six b ears, 01 Chii
('ag , anid Ma gg a iticis, asredf sievenh of
Stevosposrt, iS. T1heifr youige rosim
miare, Firansces I len net iirg. aged seven
tears, b'areiy escl-I". J:1- sfiter was
very suadiy inajured by inhialinig smoke
anid lien recovery is doubt.ful. '1The tire
originsatedf 'n the 5- amd floor arid
'ort-ned verny i ipidt y. l'ne boudy of otne
of the d--aJ diris was broug it to the
cIt,y wis h ' he inijurest Sis'er arid F'riti
C--ia Iiinnebusrg. ,TaeS llaancial loss Is
$50,000, partly iu,trm.
A Statistical Portion of an luteresting BRITA
Re port.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Nov. 23.-The re
port of the State Superintendent or I""
Education shows that previous to the Loss
fiscal year just closed there were 3,053 the
free school buildings in this State, and I
that they were valued at 506,984.97. of
these buildings 692 were log; 2,268 Lo
frame, 41 brick and 3 stone. The num- swepl
ber of school houses owned by the was
school districts was 1,069, and by other Throi
persons 1,999. Forty-Live were rented repor
and the amount of rent paid was f1,- moRt
During the fiscal year just closed 80 Bess
new school houses were built, at a total tfSt
cost of about $19,000. Spartanburg led dfa g
the list with 12 new buildings, as she dragg
leads all the other counties in the total B.)th
number of free school buildings in the be sa
county. were
The number of school buildings in of pei
each county -:nd their value for the with
year ending ().tol 3r 31st, 1892, was as fisher
follows: piecei
Counties. Numb3r. Value. rolled
Aiken ................. 51 $1,114700 morn
Abbeviile ............. 197 11,850 00 seen.
Andersoo.............. 137 ........ Th
Barn well .............. 150 10,250 00 the n
Beautort.............. 31 7,75855 fered
iikeley..............- ------ roofte
Charleston ............14 155,000 00 levele
Chester................ 108 18,11000 the fl
Chiesterlield........... 7:1 5.00 00
Clarendon............. 98 .packe
Colleton............... , mgs 1
Da(rliigtou............. 2!. ........ been i
Edgei2ld............. 212 .........of D
Fairield.............. 2 0 2,319 04 most:
F.orence.............. 1: 1,600 swept
Georgetown ........... i;I ....... dls',rei
Greenville............. li,i -11,05700 from i
Il Ilam pton.............. 98 3,800 00 the I
IIarry --.-.-.-.--.-- - .... ..- --- --- - - shore
Kershaw................ .10,48000 boats
.-imcaster ............,, :3 2.67500 back.
Laurens. . 18 5,009 CO *
L""xingtonl.............. s 2,565 00
Marion................. 12 20,000 00 near I
Marlboro ............... i 7.195 00 'our o
Newberry.............. 102 11 (j8)0) vessel
' .. .. .... .. ... ...5 15,2 ,9 1)) The I
nrangebiurg...........11 1:j,q 0R00 wreck
Pi'ckens ................ 5 ,15) 00 Wei I
1.Llchlan<d1... .... ........ 1,1 22.8Wl o to pi
Sparranbirg........... 2n1 3. 0)) 00 iavei
Sitler................. 72 21,378 28 an (I S
Union................ 5o 5,IM 00X Wind,
W illiamilsbulrg.......... . 1,5.1 O when
York................... 1- 350,00000 beforc
- - - bottoi
Totals : ...........:(.058 5l06,981 97 folk, i
I' le total niiaber of tetecliers vm- noon I
I Ivf-d duiring tiw p:us, year was 4,535 Trat
2.111 I1:1m1 s and 2,421 femiles. As eraft
it o clor 2 67; were wtit -- p5 malt,s I)v tl(
:md 1,621t teala, and i 1,59 Colored
m,0. males ani 8(,) f ainales. Edgeliold pOrtat
'p,11ovs tl ie largev. i)nmnbir of teach- tilia
crg, 201,'wit,h SIrtaibilig iexl, 2-11. th mu
'I ho t ot' amotit 1).tid in salitries Iuic
was 64 10,522.17. The amount, p id a bect (
11-91 grade teacher ranges froin %20 to says t
$10, accorditig to county. 1h1e feiae fered
Leachers get 1,,s i t han the ma1L)es. Char- Main V
leton 1)aY 658,419 35, to teachers, more vice of
than iIy otner county. The number pendet
of t1eailels who atteinled irnstitiltes At
d rimri the yert" was 1,581 -871.) feiales tlhernic
mid I12 inales lh1 vxpense of t1heso hi
tist I I es Vwas 2,419 95 As has already snow
bven published, 223,150 piipils were en- toay
rolleit it, ie schoolI 0l' qlm t Stat,e i4 Loday
year, 120,597 being colored and 102 571 Portsn
White. As to what the IIpil study IIampc
the f"ollowia will sow: The alphabet, mornin
2-i.f;7 ; spdlting, 172,11)5; rea<ling, 15,; - coast.
271; wr-ititig, 133,002; ierital arith,ne- One bo
tiv, 43,601; writti arithmetic, 93. 151; went d
Woouraphy, 11,12o; Eiglish graomiar, which
5: 277; history ol' Solth CarolinIa, .4,- sailors
426;; phdivIvlogy and hiygeie, 1,212; vessel
ilghler bi anichles, 9,0U3. beaten
She wa
I)ron-unc, in (c,y',gn LIIe. Cardiff
ITr ilca, N. Y., Nov. l'J.-L-I. S. Mer- Rep)c
ria.tO,an m istruct or ini Cornell Umnversi ty, rapildly
and M4iss M. L. Yeargin, ai student, schoon<
wentl oiut rtowmg: oni Cay uga Lake yester- Yorksh
<htly alternoon), anld todhay their boLt, waLs men) abl
fouIlil overiitured in the Ilakc. Nothing wcnt ait
haus beeni seenl or heard of them upi to 7 ness co
o'cloc:k tomehIt, and they were evident- erew w
hy dirowned by thec overturningI. of tire I Iavre
b)oat . Th'lev lined aL bolt yesterday af-- the stoj
te:rnoon atI 3 o'clock. 1t was very coli, the wc
andio a strong wind blowing onl the lalke, fitty ye
The boat11 owner told them to keel) along evory I
the west shIl're1 ol the lake, as it would able sa
be dlangerouls, e:lsewheIre. This~ they did t,ho wa
hot doi, and11 it cvidlent-l. cost then their were dl
I vI's- sunik w
iLater~ this evelning ai hunlIter br'ought
to theI ciy an il overcoat, whii ch had the2
mar11k (It'a Bldtimnore firm ill it. It wats CuIn;
iiletifiied as5 the inIstructor's ovueoaIt h)v hi gh so
a getIh: lemn whol boards aLt, the sameiw
hious4( with hium. Ellhoris will be madecam
to recover the bodies tomorrow by the t,he Wo
u1e Ol aI ILcann on. The holdy loas been puii
stuidyin aclt Cornell hor tv:o ',earIs. 11er toret
IIin1( is i' laurensI et Ii :I8sty, S. C. Mr, SaIlazar
N'Ir:imi wasH aI CIrtIte oh Va:ioderbilt- -the 1lea4
tuoi ve'r.sty. ie o k a I1n>s' grauawte and sta
c)or'e at. thle Jhn 10pokins Uniiversit y, o1 Italil
and0 tis waLs his first ye:ir atL Co rnell, comnmii
hbinlg an1 lnst roe ar in the polit,ical menti
(conomy departmenIi 2102t. Iie pa rents ro- Amerlc
-ide mn CInIIt:mon11, Tenioi. where hiis chairges
hithecr is a lrge whlolele grocer, rc- with ha
1 >rl dI to) be ver'y weaIlthiy. I'he young induice<
11nm? wasH passionaitely f*)>id oi the water, tinder I
Inl waLs ont the lalke nearly ever 'day, wom
I twas I ii uisu 11 custLom Lto take omland1
Voung l.dy WIith hunII, and1( thins facLt, toienn
once pult at reI.st al1 thlol.tis1 of the aflair sto' t
bi i' 211 elopCeent. ThIe parents of en has
b) 1h the 'younhg i'eple have been wired means
to thc diect that they were drowned, exhibit
- -. ollieiah
Toi Che':k the. LanaI<ie.tae
WAsIhiNo'oN, Nov. 17.-Chairman woman
)ihekins,n, ex Assistant Secrtary of of thlis
8111,' 1 Jslah Q4uinicy, ex-Congressman visitorI
hi 'I. CaLIe 01 li nois, 11loa- .John1 Il p- der the
K ina l os am201 i Otber p)rieunt
I)ono .' s hive hi t wo or tnree in
lormahLi 'onferelnce's ini this~ citv, t OTT,
which ,r s aggestioni that the headquar- hanget
Lrs of 1 he1 i)nocratic National Com-. identi[
nt t,e be op~*.ed here was discussed deen,'
'al consid"gre I. Thf'e preposition is A yo)
hatI the D)emocratte Nation d Comn- worked
rittee shall w've some attention to the with il
'leCtionI o1 18t*, with a vie.v of having that ti
i systematic campaign made. The 'The ch
nattter is to be turi her considered and
a lkely to take definite shape soon,
All the gentlemen named left for their jA R
riomes this afternoon, but the state- roof'0f
mnti as to their purp IsO to make con- ed in (
:aerted1 effort to check the furtner prog. rand, fi
FteSs of the recent landslide was oh. Sisters
tained au' horltatively. They were all hiaters
at the White Hounne today, ,Jured
lerable Slilpwreeke, InVollaa Great
of Lfte--now-Drifte Piled Up on
Siores-Soldiers Frozen to Death
eir Piostp.
1)1)N, Nov. 1D.-The storm which
the United Kingdom all Yesterday
still turious at 12 O'ciock today.
L-lout last night and this morning
La of shipwreck were received aj.
incessantly. The Vulture and the
e, small steamers, which took re
yesterday afternoon in the harbor
Ives, on the Cornish coast, began
ing their anchors towards evening.
signalled for help, but none could
at in such terrible weather. They
driven ashore, and after two hnuri
ilous wo:k the crews were rescued
lite lines by the coast guard and
men. Tihe stea ners went to
i in the tremendous seas which
over them in the night, and this
ing not a vestige of either hull was
3 people of the Orkney Islands, oil
)rth coast of Scotland, have suf
terribly. Many houses were un
d yesterday, walls and barns were
d and haystacks were lifted from
elds and blown out to sea. The
t Osprey was torn from her moor
,nd carried out to sea, she has not
sen since. The whole plantation
unbeath Castle, in Caithness; the
notherly c )unty of S.-tland, was
clean to ti Lround. Signals of
as were seen 11ying this morning
L vessel on Vhe Idwin sands, off
Centish coast. 'The filiermen on
made repeated eflorts to get life
through the sea, but were driven
vessels were ashore this morning
Ioly Head, oil' the Welsh coast;
them were'breaking up. Six other
a were making signals of distress.
lorkshire coast is strewn thick with
age. Near Whitby, three vessels
tshore in the night and were going
:c.,F at noon. The crews were
. Tre excursion steamers Tern
.vai, which were at anchor in
imere lake, County of Lancaster,
tie.storm began, were torn loose
daylight, and both went to the
n. Off Winterton, County of Nor
, schooner louuded shortly before
md live of the crew were drowned.
wlers, fishing smacks and small
;f otlnr sorts have been reported
i score as missing from every im
it point on the coast. The loss of
a been great, but no estimate of
mbor drowned is possiole, as corn
ation with varts of the coast has
ut ofl'. Dispatches from Havre
hat thC Normandy coast has aufgr
more severely that f9 y"'ears.
lives have been lost: The ser
channel steamers has been sus.
I completely.
several points on the coast the
meter has fallen rapidly, and the
rinas have piled up enormous
1rifts. Two soldiers were found
frozen to death in a drift near
ionth. The British steamship
hire, 1,593 tons, went dows this
g off GurnaLdshed, on the Cornish
All the crew took to the boats.
at reached shore, but the other
own, and the twenty-three men
it carried were lost. One of the
who were saved said that the
iprang a leak after having been
a bout by the storm for five housr.
s on her way to Liverpool from
rts of minor wrecks nmultipiled
this afternoon The Nor wegian
~r Arne sank oft Filey, on the
ire coast. Only one of the nine
oard her was saved. A trawler
bhore near Reay, on the Caith
aist, andl seven of the eight in her
erc lost. Reports received from
md( Calais this evening say that
iU along the Normandy coast is
rat one experienced in the last
ars, Wrecks are renor ted fro n
oint along the coast. Innumer-.
all craft vanished last night from
ters along the coast. Vessels
ragged from their moarings and
th all on board.
strantie(t In Chicago.
A Oo, Nov. 2.--Four wonmea of
cmal position in Europe, who
mere last May with exhibits for
rulan's Building, have been left
ss anld friendless in this city and
ing to secure means with whioh
n to their homes. The Countess
of Naples is said to be one of
l4Ars of the best society in Italy
nsds for the modern renaissanee
mn art industries. She has been
stlonedi by the Italian govern
o look into the industries of
an women while here. She
the board of women managers
ving broken faith with her and
I her t o come to this country
also representations. The other
are: Mine. Magnusson of Ice
[me. Korany of Syria and Miss
Sarabji of India. TIhey all have
to tell similar to that of the
as Salazar. Several society wom
e5 been trying to devise some
of assisting these unfortunate
ors, but so far none of the
connected with the fair have '
ny interest in the matter. One
in speaking of the case today
It is a stigma upon the women
country that these unfortunate
should be left unassisted un
He Waa Alwaye a I3ruse,'
JMWA, Ia., Nov. 22 -The man
by the mob yesterday has been
ed as F. 0. J>hnson, of A ber
5. D)., alias Fred GJustavason.
lug man named Lester, who
I with h'm,come to the police
lus information today. Hie says
ie man was aiwasys a brute,
ild lie assaulted is dying.
Killedt While at Prayeru.
is, Nov. 22.-The arched stone
St. Pierre Chadel, recently ereot
)ourpiere, near Cieremont-Fer
sll this afternoon, while many7
of Mfercy were at prayer. 8everal
were killed and others were In

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