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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, December 07, 1893, Image 1

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vol. xxi. PICKENS, S. C., TIIURSDAY, DECE.BElf 7, 1893- NO. 12.
The lt:ue Shown a DirpubitIon to Cut
Salaries Wherever it is Posealble-111 ts
of Interest Pat4a(d in the Senate-Tho
Outlook For Legilation.
The General Assembly c f South Car
olina corivened in annual session yes
terday at noon. As is usual on the
first day of the session no legislation
of any special import was evolved.
About two-thirds of the time was con
sumed in the reading of the Govern
or's message, which- lengthy document
imposed hard labor on the reading
clerks and gave the Legislators time
for "stretching" and peanut-eating, as
tt 4y had copies of the message on their
desks and could read, mark, learn and
inwardly digest the lucubrations of his
Excellency at some other time.
It is worthy of mention that in his
few remarks to the House, welcoming
them back to,legislat ion, Speaker Jones,
after referring to a vacancy in the del
egation from Union, remarked that he
had "no oflicial and indisputable infor
mation of any other vacancy."
"Oflicial!" "Indisputable!"
T It is a very reasonable supposition
that theie is special import in these
words, and it is presumed that this
is the Speaker's way of intimating to
the House that the fact of a menber
not living in the State should p6rhaps
rcquire their attention. The only note
worthy occurrence in the Senate was
the introduction by Senator Buist, of
Charleston, of a bill to repeal the Dis
pensary law and substitute a system
of high licenses.
No time was lost by the House of
Representatives in getting to work.
Nearly all the members were in their
places when, at noon, Clerk J. Walter
Gray call(d the body to order. The
calling of the roll found but few mem
bers absent. At the conclusion of the
roll cail, the Rev. G. A. Blackburn, of
Columbia, opened the day's exercises
with prayer, after which ISpeaker ,Jones,
who looked fresh and buoyant, and
full of energy, addressed the Io,1sL as
Gentlemen of the flouse of iepre
sentatives: Before veginning the
work of the season, permit. me to say
a word. Since the last session lion.
Rt. W. lIarris, a member of the House
trom Union, communicated to me his
resignation, and, pursuant. to the us
A ual practice, I issue d a writ of election
to till the vacancy. I have received no
ctliciol and indisputable information
of any other vacancy.
I had hoped that. it would not be
my duty to aninounce the death o1
any tiember, but by this morrit g's
paper I learn that that Pale Death.
which knocks alike at hut and palace,
has cj os,ed Ihe portals of our Legisla
tive household, and thaL the lion. S.
M Wiley, .f Chesi er. has pa4ssd before
the bar of God, hi fore the Great Law
Giver whose cdiCts are so jist that.
they are capable of neither amendment
nor re ptal, it u hose mercy is ever
If we expect, to adjourn before the
Christmas holidays as is usual.we have
only twenty das s in which to work,
and it behooves us to Ibe alert. No im
pu tant matter sh'ulcId be hastily pass
ed, nor on lie other hand should any
dela. occur. While haste makes waste
steady work accomphshes wonders. I
hope thatevery word uttered in debate
will be like a sWift arrow from a
strong I .w, striki,ig the maik wit,h no
poison on Its barb, but feathered from
the beautiful wings of cotirtesy that
while It makes the aim more sure,
makes its flight graceftul.
I trust that every member of the
IIouse, every day ol this session, will
consecrate all his energies towards
completing the work thait li's before
us, and I trust. tlimt e very memii~ber will
be guide d by a d< sir' to accomnpih-h
the best good to theu SAte. .iy hiar
rmony and courtt sy andl u.k lligent aiid
careful industry mark ycur labors this
session. The House is flow readly for
busi ness.
The usual fcumalities of announcing
the beginning of buusint ss to eacth other
and to t he Governor wore gone through
wIt h by both houses.
Speaker Jones announced1 the fol
lowing app>intiments: Young II.
Vance of' Laureiis,keeper of' the Speak
er's room; George Jleffries, of Union,
page. Messrs. Illease, Jiacot and You
mans were appointed a comtnittec to
inform the Governior that the llouse
was readly for business.
Mr. T. hiomas move d that the electilon
for chaplain be held, and( nominatedl
Sihe liev. A. R. Mitchel, of Colu:mbia.
This was se cou'ded by Mr. Kirkland.
There was about to b~e some discus
S ston as to wh-sther the Speaker could
cast the unanimous baliot. of tho
House, when on motion of lur. Jlordan
the motion to go into an election was
recommended, and in the midst of this
the Governor's message was announced
Mr. Breazeale moved that the reading
of the message be yetitioned until to
morrow. The Speaker re'marked that
It would be unfortutnat e to delay it, 5-,
Mr. lirazr'ale withdrewv his motion ani
the roast began. Clerk Withers then
wrestledl with the forty-six page docu
ment for the next two hours.
Representativye llrice, ot Chester,
then ofleren a r(foltion referring to
the deathI of his colleague, Mr. Wiley,
and fixin'g l10 p. m. tomorrow as the
hour for iccording the sentihwents of
the House ini regard to ifs deceased
member. At 2.30 the House took a re
cess unJtiI 10 o'clock tomorrow.
One minute be fore the city ('lock
struck twelve yesterday, Lie-utenant
Governor Gary rapped1 the .ienate to
orde r. The call oif thle roll showted
nearly all the Seunators p)resent. Sena
tor hl'Aard, of Ge.orgetown, ano Senia
tor Williams, of W:llamsburg, were
absent, as was Senator Smnythe', of
ChItrle s'en. but the latter C mue iin be
fore business had gotten we'll under
The sc(lne prn senteCd by the Senators
was I he usual one to he ObsRervedh each
November. Everything was decorouis
and placidly dign'fied, but there wats a
curicus, iindimrib bb.- look on some' of
the notables. It uue n air of dre~amy,
far- away cont e mphetion which they
wore, Pcesibly It. was due to t he mIld
sunlight which seems to shine less
boldly and fiercely on the venerable i
Senaters and prematurely grave young a
Senators than on lcss iinpor'ant per.
sonages, but whatever the cause, the
appear;nce was visibly present, and
gave an interest to the assemblage
which it otherwise might have lacked.
One could almost imagine that the
pale young statesman with aspiration
stamped on his brow, seatcd in the ex
ecutive ollice down stairs "was press
ing the button," while all the others r
cheerfully "did the rest." On the op- t
posite side of the cham ber sat another I
in whose ear one could almost with the
naked eye see the gubernatorial bee N
monotonously buzzing. - c
In various parts of the room Sena- r
tors lolled in their chairs and seemed
.nchanted by the spell of the same
ind of music, but some of the bees
3ang of Congressional honors and lau
rels to be won in the halls of national
egislation, at:d others extolled the soft
ind restful judicial berths. Even the
presiding oflicer wielding the symbol of
his oflice with the grace that cannot be
Jenied him and making his rulings and
>rders with machine-like precision, ap- t
peared as though conscious that some h
more exalted sphere of environments
were better adapted to his tastes an! t
When Clerk Sampson Pope had con- E
aluded the roll call, Rev. L. C. Blalock,
;he chapismn of the Senate, prayed fer
vently for God's blessing on the de
liberations of the session. Then, on
motion of Senator John Gary Evans, c
Clerk Pope was dispatched to inform
the House that the Senate was ready t
[or business, and on the motion of the I
ther Mr. Evans, a committee was sent a
with a similar message to the Gover- r
nor with the further information that n
the Senate was ready to receive any
communication that lie might have for
Messrs. George S. Mower, L. M. Ra- I
gin and 1. F. Miller were sworn in as
the successors, respectfully of Senator
Sgh of NewbeTry, the late Senator
Deschan1ps of Clarendon and Senator
Strait of Lancaster. The Governor's
private secretary with a message from '
Iis Excellency was announced and the t
message was received.
The only bill of general importance
introduced was one by Senator Buist to
repeal the dispsusary law and provide
a system of high license. rhe bill fixes
a minimum license of 8250 and muni
cipalities are permitted to make it
higher by voting to that effect.
Senators uist, Smythe and Finley
introduced a number of bills of a local
Jesse T. Gantt was appointed jour -
nal clerk to suc.eed J. Y. Jones, re
At. 12:30 o'clock Reading Clerk
Caughman, who still reigns at the
Speaker's right, began dhe re;dimg of
the Governor's message. It consumed
nearly I wo hours after which the suu
jiectsot which it treat.d were relerrea
to appropriate com mittees.
Seiat.or Prica was eh-td Chairman
of the penifexitiaey comnitttee to suc
etd Senator Deschanps, and Senator
1-.ird was elected cl!.. man of the com
mnittee on incorporations to succeed
en-aator Sligh'.
Or, t ti nminiation of Senator John
Wary Evans tiho three new Senators
-re elected to the 'ollmwing comniiit
ees: :euator Mower, claims and
1rievances. education and incorpora
Aons; Senator Mllle!-, charitable insti
tc is,-federal relations and medical
d'iii.; Senator Ragin, contingent a>
teounts, engrossed bills, emigration
&&d printing.
On moti) of Senator Wilson the
eiiate adjournedt until 12 o'clock to
SE-C()N> DAYv.
Co:ulim.k, S. C., Nov. :0.-The
il to reduce salaries oi .Sate otli,ers i
md employees came up in the HouBe
As the the bill st.ood there was a rc
luction ol' about 15 per cent, but beforei
hc Legisi torsrio'. through with~ it,, the
'cdluction, of some of thie salarles amoun t- (
Al to twice that much, Mr. 1l1ll made
1 vain cll'ort to add $1(10 to the $1,000
lhat it. was proposed to give the State
flicers, outside thec Governor. Though a
c was badly def'eatcd on the first round
ie went thrnourhm the list, categorical1ly.
All of his amceidments were lost except1
'ne, and that a dlecrease. iIe succeed- 1
~d in changing the allowance for chap.<
ain of the penitent.iary from $600 to a
8500 amidl laughter. Mr'. Kinard of' Al)
>eville muovedl to amiendl by changing $1,- a
100 as the salaries of the Superinten
lent, of Educat,ion to $ 1.000. The yeas
md nays were called, resulting us fol
Yeas- Speaker ,Jones, Ashley, Beirry,
lllackwell, iBlease, Jireland, Bruce,<
[loice, Carpenter, Cai'roll, Covlngton, I
D avis, Decndy, Elder, Estridge, Farley,
l"vlder, Foster', G raham, Gu mnter, liar-r
lin, I!gi'vey, lilendersonu, I lough, II y-]
Irick, dJefiries, .Johnson, Kennedy, K(i- I
card, 11. ,J. Lancaster, Lemmon,.L-]
sesnme, L ove, I aowran'cu, ILebon,* Maul
din, Mitchiell, P arks, P'atton, Pcaman, (
Periry, Has& tlI oper, Ro'uwland, lRogers,1
Russell, J. L. Smith, Statckhouse, Stal
vey, S urk e, TIatuim, Traylr, Tindlal, <
Weston. Wilbern, WV. C. WVolie, You-I
mans- 56.
Nlays- And :rs .- , Av1iiner, Hacot,I
Brczeals, Uist~, Chaimndler, Coex, Coop.J
n'. Crum, Diennis, IDubose, Jf. T1. D un
ver, Hamilton, Hammnott, l1lardece, iIar.
pe.', 1T1ll. hIues, ,J. 1). Kmariud, Kirk
laird, Lofton, Magill, McL1urin, Mc
Wuite, Mishoo, Moses, Nettles. P'hillips i
Wihodes, Rivers, Shuman, Skinner, A,
i. Smith, Stokes, Suddith, Tu'ipper',
Vaughan, V'on Kolnitz, Waters, WVat,
son, Watts, Whitmira, J. S. Woill', Yel
Mr. Kinard's amend1men', to reduce
thie Supreme Court 'J'stices to $3 000
mud the Circuit, Judges to $2,500 was
igreed( to. Mr. L*owrance succeeded
in (arry lng an amiendJment,to reduce the
milca.e of miember's f 'em 10 cents to 5
zents, hy a volec f62 to '45.
Mr. Carroll moved to uamend by mak
ne the a'alaries of the railroad commis
inoners $1.200 instead of 1,000. Mr.
Ashlev stated that the commihssioners
md worked only thiritiwo days d1uring
ast year, and it wias rediculous to pay
hemi i80 per day, lie thought the Leg-t
slature ought to proet. the r'aciliroads by r
4enm' that, they (did not, have '0 payt
tuch a hir&.e e m.
Mr, liardee a aid lhat Rood men werec
>eeth d for this posit'om, anid decent liv -
ng salna'res'mb.ul be paid thema. Mr. a
Whitmain uavored1 thle redluction, saying c
.hat the nmnimm,n-r could -iedt
heir other business at the same time,
nd he knew that at least one of them
lid s0.
Mr. Watson of Anderson favored Mr.
shley's amendment. le thought the
,egislature should respect the rights of
be railroads as much as their own
Mr. Johnston of Fairfield, said that
lie Reform movement was pledged to a
eduction all along the line, and that
hus tar ithad accomplished but little.
le favored a reasonable reduction.
Mr. Buist of Greenville thought there
vas no use to reduce the salaries of the
ommissioners as there was no one there
epresentiug the railroads and asking
or such reduction.
Mr. Watson favored Mr. Ashley's
Mr. Haskell of Richland quoted Mr.
3uist's remarks about the railroads hav
ng no representatives in the Ilouse and
aid that they ought to have 130 repre
entatives there, as every le-islator was
worn to protect their rights as well as
he righ's of any other interest in thc
Mr. Skinner of Barnwell, said that
he commissioners should be eficient
Lien and that they should be paid prop.
rly for It.
Mr. Youmans was opposed to reduc.
ig to $1,000 and moved to table thisi
,mendment. This was catied by a vote
1 56 to 50.
Mr. 1 askell moved to amend so that
be salaries of the commissioners should
e $10 per day for every day that their
ervices were actually engaged, the
umber of days in the year not to exce ea
Mr. Brice of Chester said that while
he commissioners might only work thir
v-two days at their flice In a year, yet
hey had to do a great deal of studying
md investigation at home, and the sala.
y should not be cut any lowcr. Mr.
i.shley's amand ment was lost.
Mr. Carroll moved to make it $1,500.
dr. Brice otrered to make it $1,200 and
his was agreed to.
Mr. Buist oflered an amendment pro
riding that the salaries of the Suprcme
,ourt librarian be reduced to $800. Car.
Mr. Crum's motion to reduce the
state librarian's salary to $S00 was car
ied. Mr. Iardin's motion to tahle
,his was lost by a vote of 15 to SG. Mi
[Iardin was not in favor of reducing tl.e
,vomen's salaries.
Mr. Moses said that any such reduc
lion would be a discrimination a-ainst
i lad*y, as her salary was even then i s
than th st of te other clerks. Mr. Mc.
White moved to table. Carried. Mr
Smith's motitn to amlend by making i
00 was lost. Mr. Mauldin moved i
Amend by miakin,-, it $600 was lost. M
Mauldin moved to an-ad by makin:
li- Governor's salari $2 500 iistuad (
13 000. This was lost.
Mr. Iardin thought that econom,
dhould begin at home and moved t<
uakev the per diem $3. which was tablec
in 'Mr. Jordan's mDotion.
Mr. Jordan movei to aniend hv inak.
nu, t, e salarN of the A,lif:nt (q I -,
lerk $900 imstc-ia (if $1 000 a ie il
>rovided Mr. Hotuih1 winitd t,j mak.
t $800 and this was lost hv the close
ro.e of 40 to -11, and the $9to am(e1l
nent. prevailed. Mr. Kinard beUzkan 11
eduction in the salary of the clev k of
he superintendent of educatlion, whhie
eeulted in scallinLy it down to one-ah
le PIresent 1igure. Ile m11Oved to mike
t $900. Mr. Tiopper said tl:se clerk,
alaries were not worth as intch as the
Otate librarian's and he mwvel to tmatke
t, $800. " so, "Zaid, MN:-. .Jord..
'and I move to make it $0w." Thii
vat. carriemd.
Mtr. .Jordan miovedl to anm n h giv
ng the Adjutant General *1,200. Mr,
2arroll waunted the Ecaled down 1t) $1,
This was too much for Mr. Youmanis.
vho presidhes over the destinies <ltt.hc
nilitary In the IIouse and lie mnade a
itrong appeal against. cutt,ing thmis salary
Mr. J. T. Duncan said thiese werc
roublous times and that the mui'itary~
vas likely to be called out at any tim<3
.o putdown riots, andt not,hing should bx
lone to impair its efliciencv. "Everj
tdditional amendment is laying dlirt, oi
lie grave of this bill. Let the i,runi -ui
'That settled1 it arnd the $1,200 hmnil
Mr. hIaskeli endeavored to have thme
)er dItem of memberd cut downi t.o $3.50,
Mr. Gary's motion to table this3 was
arried by a vot,e of 90 to 15, as fol.
Yeas-Speaker Jones, Anderson, Bcr.
y, Bllackwell, Brezeale, Bruce, llrice,
muist, Carpenter, Chandler, Cox, CJov
agton, Cooper, Crum, D)avis, Dehndy,
)enniis, DuBlose, Edwards, Elder, 1El,
is, Est,ridge, Farley, Felder, Foster,
Jarris, Gary, Glover, Graham, Gunter,
lawilton, Ilammett, IIardee, IIarvey,
lenderson, Hill, Ilotugh, Ilughies, IlIy.
Irick, .Jeflries, .Jordan, Kenned y, Knot ts,
I. J. Xin)ard, Kirkland, Lancaster,
jemmion, Lesesne, Lo)fton, lInwrance,
abon01, Magill, Manninig Maulin, Mc
,aurini McWintehu, Misho(e, M itchetllI,
d1oses, Netthes, Parks, Patton, I 'car,
nan, Ph'!ibla. Rhbodes, Russell, Stu
nan, Skinner, A. Ji. Smnith, J. L1. Smith.,
Rtackhmouse, Stolvey, Stokes Sturkie,
suiddoth, T.Latuum, Tay;or, TIuppe r, Vaum
ian, Waters, Watson, Watts, Whitmidri
NVilborn, W. C. Wolfe, Jf. S. WolfF
N hitman, Teldell-91.
Nay s-Ashley, Bacot, IBlease, I ee
and, Ihrd, Carroll, Folk, Ilardin lII s
<el, .Johnson, J1. 1). Kinard, Love, 16:a1
Youmans- 15.
Mr. WVhitmian made the statcmcnl
hbat lie voted a.'ainist the amneninit
ecause the member did not, (ffer it, i
~ood faith.
Mr. IIaskell repliedl that stich a re
mark was utterly unfounded, at' d thai
the member asserted it, then lie :'ak
what he knew to be untrue.
Mr. Whitman said that lie mierch~
tated what Impression f'ad been mad<
hMr. Bmease made an effort, to p)reservt
he sOlictors' Salaries. The p )gitlon
equired a good lawyer, and the sollei
ors should be properly paid. Mr. Kin
rr' moved tomake it *1,300, which wai
Mr. Von Kolnltz ofl'ered an aimeind
aen. makIng the salary of te Solicitor
f the first circoit *1 800.
Mesars. iSact a n .uje ttdta
to incorporate the South Caroliaa Sew
erage Company, the Governor sent a
message to the Senate, in which he
No IS "An act incorporate the
South Carolina Sewerage Co., and to
authorize the corporate authorities of
the cities and towns in this State to
contract with it for the establishment
constructioty and maintenance of sew
erage systems and for that purpose to
issue bonds." '1 he purposes of this
company are set forth in section 2.
"The said corporation shall have the
right to construct, maintain, build and
complete systems of sewerage works
within the State of South Carolina, and
to contract for the construction, main
tainance and building of such sewer
age works. That the corporate author
ities of the cities and towns of this
State, be and they are hereby author
ized to contract with said corporation
for the establishment, and maintain
ance of such sewerage works in the
streets, highways, private lots and
dwellings within the limits of said cit
ies and towns and beyond those limits
if necessary; provided that any con
tract so made shall tirst be ratified by
a vote of qualilied voteis of said cities
or town." Section 9 reads as follows
"That in order to enable the corporate
authorities of the cities and towns
within this section to carry out the con
tract hereinbefore authorized to be
made, they are, in addition to the pow
ers now vested in them, authorized to
pass all necessary ordinances, rules and
regulations necessary for the enforce
ment of the same, and they may re
quire all property owners within the
limits of said cities and towns to make
connection with said sewerage works,
and they may levy annually an assess
ment against the property of such pro
perty owners, and require the same to
be paid either to said cities and towns
or to the said corporation with whom
the said cities and towns contract for.
the establishment, maintainance and
construction of the system of sewerage
as aforesaid."
Section 11 provides "that for the
purpose of carrying out said contract,
the corporate authorities of said cities
and towns are hereby authorized to is
sue six per cent. coupon bonds," &c.
It will be seen that, power is given
to cities and towns to make contracts
with this corportion for the construc
tion of sewers, and there is aulhority
to issue bonds to pay for the same.
This most objectionable feature, how
ever, are given power to enforce con
neetion by land owners with these
sewers, ana the ownership of the sew
ers by the company instead of by the
cities and towns in which they are lo
catea. The charter is speculative and
the principle t pon which it is issued is
pernicious. Every city should own its
own sewerage works, and they should
be consi ucted by authorty of the same.
The provisions in the act whih seem
to guard the rights of taxpayers by
providing for an election before the
contrre, is made or the bonds issid
are delusive. They do i t guard against
the use of rion-tax-payers at the polles
to carry such a measure and there is
plenty of room for collusion or fraud
between the authorities or a town or
city and t he se verage coipany, as to
"i, anioun, t i)e paid for the work. I
therefore cannot approve it.
As to I te lirst, and I hird bills men
ioned the vetoes were sustaitned with
out discussion. Seiator John G. P,vans
I liounglit th;t, the sewerage bill had been
limiited in application to the city of
Columihia, in which opinion Senator
Sloan airreed, bit a reference to the
Jouirnal proved otherwise and the vote
was adopted wit hout, futher q iestion.
A concurrent resohition was receiv
ol from i I liotse fixing Friday, )ec.
Ist for the lect.tion of' a register of
mIelisne conveyances for Charleston
county. Senator Wilsnil moved to
amend by fixing the same (lay, and
imimediat ely aft.er that election for thre
election to the vacant Judgeships and
Associate J1usticeship. The resolution
as amendedl was thenm concurred in.
The following bills p)assed their see
cnd readings:
To'( aiieind Section 948 of the General
Statutes, as t,o detention and furni ga
t ion of cert,aIn yessles5.
To repeal Section seven (7) of an act
colt it led "An act to provide a mode of
distribution of moneys collected as di
rect tax from the citizens of this Stat,e
bythle I'miited States and turned over In
trust to the State of South Carolina.'
and( M sbstituitioni a section in lieu there
of. I 'port favor-able. By Mr. Kirk
latndt To appoint commissioners for the
pnromlotion 01 legislation in the I ruited
States. lHy Mr. Von Kolnitz.
To' ait'ind an act, entitledl "An act, t.o
ruguilate the anuial sett,lements oif
cou nty com imissioners, county school
(oiinmiissioniers amid cunity treasurers
icr ciimty and school taxes, etc. u5y
:ai. Mlit chil.
1T1 father regulate the salary of the
count y auditor of Il'ickens couut.y
this St ate.
The Seniate atdjournnedi at 2:35 p. m.
it,il 1I o'clock F iday having exhausted
the caleindar.
Rtemouve t by the P'restienu,
WAsu Niu-oN, Nocv. 28.-George I)
,Johnst.on, Civil Ser vic Commission er,
has b)eeni removed biy thle i'residlent. Ie
was the only D)emnocrat on the coin is
Slon), and was aplpo inted( from Louisia-.
rna by I 'resident IIlarrlsoni, to succeetd
h ugh S. Thom pson. Mi'. .lohnston re
fused to say anything about the affair
tonigut, and the ot,her members of time
commission were likewise silent. Thel
removal grew out of a report mamde by
t,he coinmission on appoIntments uni
der the Il'ostoflico I )partmnt. Comn
imissioniers L~yman and I toosevelt madle
the ruling and( report to which .John -
ston took exceptions. lie subimittedl a
minorit,y report. whiich lie desired to
make public, and it mcisiunderstood that
to this the other comnmiissioners object
ed. The matter being carrie:l to t he
l'resifient, the majority was sustain ep
and the minority rep)ort order suip.
pressedl. On Saturday .iohnston' s res
ignat ion was calledl for, which he re
Iinsed( to tender, and today the l'resf
(lent removed him.
Fmi:IRSI,aA NJ. Nov, 29.--Capt. Itan
dlall with rims wile anid little son, and
the ten men of the crewv, who, for up
wards of twenty-four hours were lash
ed to the spray-drenched rigging of the
wrecked schooner Louis 11. Itandail
oil Smuith l'oint, were rescued at day
light today by the tug I. J. Merritt. In
spuite of the ex posure aed aumbing fear
t.o which they have tbeen subjected
since the schooner went on the beach.
T'uesday night t,hey are all alive, and '
will recover when proper care can be
given tbenm. The schooner is breaking
this oflicer :ad twice as mtMh work tu
(o as the other solicitors had, and hie
should receivo more pay, but as a re.
duction was being made all around theN
suggestcd that it he placed at $1,600,
which was agreed to.
Mr. Buists amendment to reduce thc
salary ol' the clerk of the Senate t(
$600 was av,reced to.
During a (ecussion concerning tih(
time for the bill to go into operation
the debate was adjourned to take up
special order.
At 1:30 the lIouso paused in its c xer.
cmes to pay triblite to the memory of
their deceaRed member, Representative
Wyle, of Chester. Mr. Iardin pahl a
tribute to to decease(d, and and a rt o
memorial resolutions of'ered by him vas
A resolution was adopted referrim,
the report of' Mr. Brcazeale concern
ing the revision of the State laws to
committee from both iIoie.
A concurrent resolution providing fol
the election of Judges at 1 o'clook S.tur
day was badly squlched. Mr. Blease
opposed it on the ground that there wa.
a bill to redistri-.t the State, and the late
of that should be settled before electing
judges. Mr. -Jordan said that it was un
necessary to force the election.
Ile had seen no electioneering going on,
IIe movud tomake the (lay December 12.
The Speaker: Is the Ilouse ready to
pass upon this tod1ay?
Mr. Jordan's motion was carried.
Tbe Governor returned to the IIouse
with his disapproval a bill to pay the
school truktees of Richland county $5
each for postage and sattionary.
At. 2:20 the House adjourned to nicet
aiti at 11 o'clock Friday,
Mr. JI cazeale int oduced a bill to
repeal tie charter ot the 'ort Royal
Thlis iill provides tha the Attorney
General be insltruv!cd to institute forth
wthl prOpr Proceedigs to liquidate the
corpration, to restrain the stockholders
or creditors froin exercisin, any rights,
privilezes or Iranchiaes as a corportion;
to have a receiver appointed who shall
sell the property anid miiako distribution
of the lircecds thereAl atuon, the credi.
turs and stockholders.
In oder to prevent the road from
bein.! controlled by any competing linte
no purenc-er, nor any other person,
shall be allowed to operate the road
without bcninlg first incorporated
under the laws of this State; an i no cor
1) ration shi he lorneil by any pur
chaser I) uperate or control lihe road un
der any la v <4 thij:s SIate othierwisc enl
abling thereto cxcept with the prior con
Sent inl Writin1- f tile Governor, Attor
ey G enieral ad ile chairmall (t Ih(
b ard ' ralio.ol com imiiioner i
this State, atid nio siu-h con semti hl
bt givt-n y these (flirials unless it b
111.1de fIlly and absollitt,ly to appeal
I hat 1.o u(ollpvt ig lline i.jIl an, waj
Interesttd t.herein. tho evidence estab
listling such fact to be filed in the of
fLiee of tht.Secretarv of Statv.
No indiv Ida Il or corporation who
inaY CONtrol aly transportation ine
coi)(1 :11i :t H Ihe said ro..d or have
;i c nt r llur in red t.hervirl -inl ally
r ou .;.ttiaJ1 such comt ptti sc
li 1 o4 r a 11 1i1i**vl' - 14) ;I li I t ol it. l. '
a o1111t r ol ino Jrist it sai' coe Wkri
inailt':y hnizl to b" cre0vl ;and or
ini hprov'ilion oF thi.
:.1,1 aild shmo b 11any -Itcl corporation
or ildivitlu;il ilins of l, so inter-s. er,
then, Ith, (chark-ir hitroin tilthlorized
Sall [erom i l fatm neill and do1d,
anld thl. !n 1hi ts, prowerslt, and privi
htles 1herebllt conti11rred 1Ill c'ast ab
0IltlY eId . thv Attornw t,nvra! shall
inunduitly nstiiteprooredinigs to
I u hi ( t l e hI' .4-e,111 1 it h bir a4dli1
torc a11 '1Secine of ti ieproportry.
The at roIeeint s ofr e f Sena14t ie yort iir
day1 wI ert as1 usuall atotiarl at da Oin
t sope witolt inle Int.es (Itl
d.'tn T.lont liwsi awrnn erase jimr1 l
ilerk.10h1 doll o nproh it rit'e tiht
litgpaseisctird reading. I ~ il
IliTlo ofi C>ilor texcitedicsso
tau.e wlit referenI)cel to he orma- il
grtind fct ain cororatIons. is rob.
clapil(pital s of4 all onprioit not bex-('
inle to presc1ried 111 teb at l I or th
f rtion ofl corpoerations.ejby
Smythle antswered that thel object, of
the4 bill was mernely to make dtefinite
th~e oild law. The hil1l was passed.
'I'here W ls ai desulItor y discussion of
thie( second I read!infg bil11 to amend the
law ats to hauwkers and( peddlers, par
tiipalted ini by Wilson, de (nkins, D)er
tion1 o1 1thl latu4 r it. was filially recoin
Thefo lir'st, meausure to ineIet with deter
ininedl oiItositioni was1 till' conIcurrent
resllu It ion1 ins rneIit ig tih e Senators and1(
l.e('nbers4 ofi the4 1 IitlIl SItte I[otge
(41 I m;.resenltiatie IV roin)1 ihis State to
f rom the4 (4ons5 riielion 1o1 the act of
C'ongZress appro14vedi Marlh 2141, 1lu1
reh lltlinlg t heI direc:t t ax, et c
Sella Ill \'erdlir 1uovedf to indleinite
ly lu>one 44 tihe rem11II' Il. Senat1or
te mo1(tjin. Sc(ia'or \'erd ier .stat.ed
t hit thle ehimaniii~ts wIlre no1wgetn
thet l1(opile ofI i-ant Iorlt we4re' tho only3
pe(rsons inter'stM', 1141 ihat fthey we
prifectly 441a 'il- with miethiod1 nlow
available for obtatiinIg theIirI mloney.
Senator01 lian rep1'ld by saying that
th Go ()veIner111 had recommilieided4 tis
measullre' atal ithat in someie inlsttances
thier4: ihad been1 dli.scontenlt a1114 COm
plaint its to til he measu res nlcessar1y for
prcuIrinlg the4 1llnVys dueIC. Senator
lkvals (0ould H P 114 reasonl why Coin.
gress: shou111 ld ot hl alsked to) explain~
ally aml'it Iy ill 11ts at.
Senaitor ' \rd1er anis we rd thlIlat It
wals necePsIary I'llr t he claiiinumts to go
resolut' (' ~l ion 'ub noti ll but14 tcaue timlls
catio and 11( de1ly.
Sllato4r I.11,ins (; confei'- that I
Cani'i. IiIlfh 1114 !talchow the' "'initorF's ex
planat 1)4Io explus whyl 1tIe reslultioni
shold 11 no be11 pase.'
Senato.Ir Verdwrt' (fIromi IL hiIseat ) -
"'Well, 1'. sorlii y you1 cani. ' the coil
cu rrentI reso4lu Illon wI As :n 1defiItely
POsltponed 1)>y a d(cI(id imlajoit ..
In refnrenc~ to Is V1.t. of th bil
Their Deplorable Condition Pathettoaily
Pictured by Miss Barton.
WASUINGTON, Nov. 28.-Miss
Clara Barton, president of the National
Ited Cross, in an official letter to Secre.
tary Carlisle, under date of Beaufort,
S. C., Nov. 26, says:
"I am informed by telegram from Mr.
P. V. DeGraw of the United Press, that
you have directed some boats to report
to me for service at these sea Islands. I
No words can tell you how needed they
are nor how welcome they will be. In
my dispatch to Mr. DeGraw, asking for
a boac, I said that without such facilities
death from exposure must result. Desir- 1
lug to avoid sensation, I witheld the fact I
that the last three deaths reported to us I
had been from that cause. I
"We have here 30,000 people. scatter
ed over a territory 250 miles in length, t
destitute, not only of the comforts, but
the necessaries of life. Six thousard 1
houses have to be built or provision I
made to take them up from the winter I
ground; not one in fifty has a bed, blan- I
ket, to cover; not one in a hundred has t
food for two days save the remnant of C
the weekly issue of charitable provisions c
we can make for them, which is the piti- C
ful amount of a veck of hominy and a
pound of pork for a family of seven per
sons for a week, and the sword of Damo- 8
cles over our heads pointing to the I
months beyond when we shall fAll of <
that. These seventy islands are cut and 8
crossed by rivers, sounds and creeks, I
often too narrow and shallow to nav- 1
igate, too wide and deep to ford, and
again sweeping, swift and dangerous, t
like unto the open sea. Their boats
were nearly all lost; the bridges gone,
and neither lumber, nail or tools to make
others. Whatever we have to give, we
must largely carry to them. Even if I
they had their little boats, in the long j
row of twenty to forty miles, to come
for their provisions, in the frost and cold 1
halt clad and half fed, they would perish;
the families at home would starve.
"I bring these tacts to you, Mr. Sec- t
retary, not to move you to greater pity, t
but to show you how needful a provi
sion you have made, the suffering bodles
you will have saved, the faint hearts
cheered. There are six months of this
till something grows. The privlege of
a boat will be needed all the time-it is
our only conveyance, we cannot procure
it for ourselves, as all our available funds
in silit for this field are less than 50
cents a piece.for the next six months.
"The great cry of all these men is.
after all, not so much for food, as for
work. Seven o'clock of every morning
finds a gang of 150 to 200 men in front
of the headquarters, waiting to learn if
we ha% e shovels or hoes to let them go
to work either ditching the land, ouild
ing their houses, or preparing the ground
for the next year's planting; and Lhi3
without a cent of monev; only for the
little "rations" of meal and meat, which
they all know is already their own. 1[
we had t,e suita)le tools or the meanq
to purchase them, we could put 5.000 a
men at work im three days, under their t
own foremen, at 75 cent a da, payable 6
iAl meal and meat for tlieniselves an(
famulics, upon improvements which
would make tile sea islands the garden
sPot of the eastern coast. Hereafter let I
no one say that the sea island negro is 1
not willing to work. 1
"Occupied as your timt is, Mr. See- C
retary, I will not apoligise for this long a
letter, ior it is my duty to let the state
of things be known to those who have
fhe ability to comprehend the situation,
if not. to relieved i.. May I kindly ask k
of you t,he fevor t.o pass tis let,ter also a
t,o our honored President, Mr. Cleve- Ii
land, whom I have not, had the p)leasure c
of meeting p)ersonally since his return to a
us as chief' magistrate, t'
'With sentimentls of the hir'-hest, es h
teemi andf gratitude, I hqve the honor to l
re naima, very respectfully,
"'I'resi.lent, American National' Ited I
Thes in come Tax Id(ea,.
W .D t N' TaO N, Nov. 29.-t fopresenta- i
tivit McMlilflin's sub-commifttee of the
IDemnocratie: members of the ways aindi
means comin nittee on interiial taxes
held two sessionms at the capitol this af
ternoonm, consfidering the tiuiestion of an (
inicome tax. The mornmbers of tie coin- ti
mit tee statedl that they had not conmsid- di
eredl whiskey, but only the better plan n
of fmpos:ng a tax 0on incomes. To
night the D)emocratic menmbers of thine
committee met at Secretary Carlisle's L
home for another conference. Th'le
Secretary is uinderstoodl to he unfriendl- rc
ly to the proposition to tax individiu'(I
incomes, and it Is still p)rob)able that m
t,he solution of thle matter will be a s
compromise which will impose the tax Of
imainly on legacies and coi porat,ions, ce
The proposition is slipported iby the thi
conservative members of the D)emo- LIh
cratic major ty-- Wilson, T1uirner, Miont,- 01
gomery, Stevens andl Cochran. T1here
is no suggestIon of reciprocity in the N
new tariff bill, although it, has been mi
said in some qu iarters that that matter
has been left hanging ini thie air. "Ifo
there is anythIng in the bill as it now
stands thai, favors reciprocity, it will a
inot be there when tile bill becomes a m1
lawv," said Chairman Wilson. "ly re- 01
ciprocity, I moan," lie continued, "that tbi
power vested In theC President tinder tI
the McKinley act to regulate tarIffs by
proclamat,ion. Such a policy will be
cast out of the Ilouse, root and branch."
Every mail that now reaches Washing- n
ton brings with It numerous letters 2i
andt petitIons addressed to the waysb
and mfeans committee, urging t,0 to in- 3.
crease the tax on whiskey to $1.>0 a n
gallon. It appears that the relIgious 4'
andl temperance bodies throughout the C4
country have taken up the subject, the 2
activity beinag especially noticeable 11
among the P'resbyterians, C
Five Nerem illd.
C H A RLESITON, W. V., Nov. 29.-The t
ehoting of ten men in Eckman, McDow- a
ell county, last evening resuilting in t,he e
death of five and t,he fatal wounding of f
several 'nore seems i,o have reasulted1 c
from the fact that the miners had just t
been paid off and had loaded up on mean U
whiskey. A part of the row occurred
over the gaming table. The country Is
ai wild one. The miners are chiefly ne- ci
groes and toughs. All of the shootingp
o.ccurred within a radius of three miles ic
and what Is remarkable all were septr- tli
rate cases. It is believed that all the di
part,ies concerned were drnk.e e
1he NeCe rJi (it .iMe, "'ArmIng 1'm11 .
nent, Cotton Tie". EC., Are Either on
the Fran I.Nt or With Minimum iDuties.
WA IN ITN, I). U., NOV. 27.
he new Diemocratic' tarul bil a
riven to the public today and Its pro.
rision futlll every expectatioI of those
vho prediCted radical reform. In many
'espects it is a surprise even to Demo.
iratic nieibers of Congress, as it is un.
recedented l niaily oi its provisions
md to a -reat extent, doctrinaire in
iome matters upon which the party : ad
iever given dinie political utte.rauce.
?ree List of that liberal scope sufll'enL
o satisfy the most radical adv.cates of
Irastic reform. and repuwliation ol :rinci
)le of recipro ty, are decisive and em
)hatic. Thus the taril bill, in addition
,o reform it makes in customs hiws, will
Lecessitate imimnediate readj ustmetits of
reaties with those South American
ountries which enioy practical or the
oretical reciproctv with tie great Ameri.
an republic of the Northern hemisphere.
One of the tenets of Democracy which
ound such frequcit iteration aad was a
ource of such dctlamatory eloquence in
be last two camlpa:iiis. is a subject of
ompromise. In the adjtstmentol the
ugar schedule the bunty which was to
>e so promptly repealed is, instead, to
oe repealed by easy gradat'on arid will
lot reach its concusive eflect until after
he end of the prez-nt - ntiury. It is to
>a reduced cl'. 1ear lot eight
The following is a 0i iry n:' dhe bill
vhich has been -preparsil by l2)rfsen
aLive Bryan, of Nebraskt: The bill
ust completed puts wool, coal, lumber,
alt and iron ore on the tree list, and
educes the tariff on stiioar from one
talf to one-quarter of a cent per pound;
L also provides for the extermination of
he bounty by degrees. As a rule, the
arifl' has been madd the lowest upon
heaper goods, of necessaiy use, and
eft highest, upon more expensive ar
The wool schedule will, perhapa,
.ttract, most attention. We have lett
o (uty higher than 45 per ceit. on
nanufactures of wool, and that only on
eady made garments, the average being
ess than 10 per cent. Cheaper quality
)t blankets and flannels are only 25 per
-ent. and lower grades of carpets only
30 per cent. We have also applied a
.radual reduction to the woolen schedule,
o that at, the end of live years the high
st duty will he 40, and the average near
30 per cent. Very material redtictions
iave been made in the cotton schedules.
We hitve placed iron ore on the free
list and mnade a large cut all along the
notal scheile, the ( duty on steel rails
s redued mv)re thi:in 50 per en... Free
umber will be a great bened to pe )ple
>f the Lprairie States, and free salt will
ive to those who need ialt for their cAt.
le or For curing meats the saide advan
Age which hs been secured heretotore
y menans of rebate to those who cured
Agricultural implements have been
laced upon the tree list in order to en
ble farmers to better compete in foreign
iarkets and because wany of our agri.
alLural iiuph meints are being sold
broad today cheaper thran t homne.
Amom- prine-pal additions tQ, QN. frw
et aie the folowing: l3acon and hams,
eef, mutton, ptrk and iimeats of all
mrius riot specially provided for in this
~t, binding twine, borax, camphor,
ituminous, coal, cake, copper in all its
rudle fornms, cotton ties, iron ore, cotton
Zci oil ar.,ricuiltural implements, (cot
*u giz'e speciically namedI), salt, soap,
ulldmrg materials excepting marble,
i-nbcr, timber and wood ini all but a
iw condit,ions~ which are named1, andI
00 1. The metal schedule of the bill
ivif 3 almost wholly advalorem duties,
rhiile the prnesent low levies are specific
uties. Burlapse and cotton baggIng
re taxed 15 per~ cent., but when im
ortedl for covering rhetiles to be ox
>rted, are duty free,
WA9ihxNu'TON, Nov. '2.-Attorney
eneral Olney hias renderedl an opinion
at cerLamn notes issue'] by cor porat'ons
rring the recent currrericy "famine'' are
>t taxable 10' per cenit. under the bank
rculatiorn law. Th'le opinion, wich Is
dressed to Secretary Carlisle quotes
e bank tax prov,siorn of the internal
verue law, and says it there Is any
mrbt as to the meaning of the statue
iposing this tax, the doubt must be re
lvedl in faivor of exemuption. The
in ion was given upon a clearing house
rtilleato from Albany, Ga., issued to
e First National Bank of that city, and
0 text of whichi is embodied in the
mnon. T1hie Attorney General says:
I2hie pap~er is riot, signed by the First
at'onal Bank anywhere. it is plainly
>t an instrument upon which the bank
the clearing house asssociation could
suedl ii an action at common iaw and
mnone.y.judlgment recovered1 by proving
d introdlucing the paper alone, with.
it further evidlenice. LIn my Opinion,
e retore, the paper is not a note within
1e meaning of the statute."
The Cotton Movemuent.
Ni-:w Onct.:ANs, Nov. 24.--Crop state
ent troii September 1 to November
, iclusive: [Port receipts 2,1165,215
dles, against 2,432,264 last year and
297,130 year bel'ore last; overlandl to
ills and Canada 275,3363, against 315,
a5 and 516,512; interIor stocks In ax
kss of September 1 316;,26;6, against
116,14G1 and 4132,5363; Southern mill tak
ugs 215,6385, against 206,430 and 187,395;
cop brought into sight during the
ighty-flve days to (late 3,471,501,
galinst 3,170,335 and 41,443,291; crop
rought Into sighit for the week 365,55,
ga'nist 3S1,776; for the seven days end
d N ovember 24 last year and 416,805
or the same time year before ?ast;
roe brought into sight for the first
wenty-fouir days of' Novemnber 1,312,
21, against 1,715,575 and 1,570,331.
vnmparisonls in theset reports are made
p to the corresponding date last year
rid year before last, and not to the
ose of the corresponding week. Corn
urison by weeks, one-fIfth of tihe sea
n, would taRe in seventy-smx days of
e season last year and eigh ty-eight
sys year before last, against only
rhty-ilve days this year.

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