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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, February 01, 1894, Image 1

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VOL. xxii. PICKENS, S. C., TH FEBRUARY 1, 1894.
VOL.~f XXII. -
Frcm a Body of Anary CoIzesD, Who
Wanted to Lynch' Them-One M2an
Wounded-A Lawyer Sent to the StstOo
CHARLEsTON, S. C.-, Jan. 25.-The
prediction that the enforcement of the
amended Dispensary Act would result
in bloodshed was very nearly veritied
yesterday afternoon, when Tander
borst street was packed with a crowd
of citizens angered at a lying rumor
that one of the constables, while raid
ing the grocery store of H. Nolte, at
26 Vandorhorst street, had struck the
wife of the proprietor. The charge was
one which never fails to excite the
4 righteous indignation of men to the
bighest pitch, and when to it is added
the animosity which is directed to
wards the law and tbe bitter hatred
with which the constables are regarded
by many people, there is little wonder
that the passion of the crowd rose al
most to frenzy and made the people
wild in their desire to see the alleged
Derpetrator of ,4ch a dastardly deed
'brought to swift justice.
It seems that the raid on Mr. Nolte's
place was not a premeditated one, and
few people knew it was in progress un
fil there was coupled with the an
nouncement the runor that the pro
Drietor's wife had been struck by the
constable. Then the crowd began to
gather. People poured into Vandor
horst street from every neighboring
thoroughfare, and in less time almost
than it takes to tell it the space, side
walk and roadway, between Kiog and
Coming streets, was a mass of human
ity. The windows of the houses were
open and hundreds of beads of women
and children Inoked down on the scene.
Mr. Nolte himself was away from
home wben the raid was made, and re
turned with the gathering crowd. He
rushed for the entrance of his store,
asking for the man who had struck ais
wife. Chief of Police Martin and
Lieut. J. H. Fordham rode up in the
heat of the excitement. As Chief Mar
tin reached the front of the premises
Constable Elliott was pointed out as
4 the man against whom the charges
were preferred. Mr. Nolte started to
ward the constable and Chief Martin
Interposed, with a request to know
what was occasioning the disturbance.
He was told that Mr. Nolte's wife had
been struck by a constable. He turned
to Mr. Nolte and asked did he prefer
such a charge, and then he ordered the
people, who by this time were crowded
around, to move off while he attended
to the matter. He was then told by
Mr. Nolte that Constable Elliott was
the accused man, and the chief arrest
ed the constable himself.
In the meantime the crowd was get
ting larger and more excited. The de
monstrations which were at first con
fined to mutterings of v.,ngeance
against a man who would do such a
de,,d as that of which the constable was
charged. began to be more openly and
loudly expressed. The bitterest lan
guage was begun now to be heard.
There was an excited crowding of the
people towards the door of the grocery
where the chief of police and his pris
oner were.
At this time the fire squad of the po
lice depatment- was ordered out to
clear the street and the sidewalks, and
subsequently they were reinforced by
half a dozen other policemen. The
crowd was in a very excited condition
and held their ground or only gave
way temporarily before the officers
long after Constable Elliott had been
- -ohducted to the Guard House by
Chief Martin. At the Guard House
Constable Elliott remained for some
hours until Trial Justice Milan could
be sent for. The case will probably
.come up in that Court to-day.
A reporter called upon Mr. Nolte
-and asked for a statement regarding
the incidents of the raid. Mr. Nolte
:said: "I was not at home when the
raid took place. When I got there I
found Elliott and six ejr mor spies
-around my place. My wde pointed
out Elliott as the man who had struck
her. I would have shot him, but I did
not have my pistol with me. As soon
"as I heard the spies were at my place I
sent for Mr. Legare, who is my lawyer,
for advice. He got there just as Chief
Martin and Lleut. Fordnam arrived
arnd dem;:nded that Elliot t anid the oth
er spies be arrestedi, Nearly two hun
dred of my friends were preset3, but
we did not see fit to use force. .is this
a law 'to compel us to stand idlv by and
see our homes raided and our families
assault ed ?".
A ret orter saw Constable Elliott at
the Station House and asked him ho w
the disturbance had arisen. He said
he was passing Mr. Nolte's place and a
negro said to him he had better raid.it.
Be said he would and went in. Mrs.
Nolte met him arnd told him there was
no liquor in there, and that he could
not go in. He replied that he was an
cffivtr in the discharge of bis duty, and
-passed by her. Hie said that he never
dre amt d of such a tumng as striking a
woman, and he believed that an~yone
who knew him would acquit him of
such a charge.
.1 was impossible to see Mrs. Nolte
personally, but a general outlin~e of her
stateaent in regard to the raid was ob
tainetd frcm what she is reported to
have said when charges were lodged
against Constable Eiiuott. After he
was taken to the Station Mrs. Nolte
and her husband came to prefer char.
ges aganst him. It is reported that
Mrs. Nolte said that Constable Elliott
came into the grecery and wanted to
search the place. She told him that no
liquor was kept er concealed on the
premises, and objected to his going any
further, and that it was then that tbe
constable struck her and passed on to
complete the raid. The raid took place
Sat about 3 o'clock in the afternoon, but
it was several hours before the last of
the crowd disperse d.
No liquor was found oo the .Nolte
premises, and it is generally believed
that the raid was an impromptu affair.
The fact tbat there were no policemen
on the grounrd when it begun looks as
though the chief of police had not been
notified of the constable's intentions.
~It has heretofore been the custom for
-.Chief Constable Gaillard to notify
Chief of Police Martin of a ratd and ask
for an escort of two or more policemen.
Mrs. Nolte and Constable Elliott seem
to have been the only eyewitnesses. It
does not appear from any of the state
ments made so far that the other con
were in the building at the time that
the provocation for the disturbance
The case has created the most wide
spread excitement and Interest
throughout the city, and when it comes
up before Trill Justice Milan, as it will
probably do to-day, It will be heard
by a crowded Court room.
A raid made on the place of F. Jor
dan, at No. 8 King street, yesterday
morning, was the occasion of an inci
dent which caused much comment, and
one which will probably be prolif
ic of interesting legal consequences.
While the constables were raiding
Mr. Jordan's-place he sent for Mr. Geo.
S. Legare, his lawyer. Mr. Legare hast
ened to the scene of action, and was re
fused entrance to the premises. He
subsequently went into the house, and
while in there w is arrested and taken
to the police headquarters. Trial Jus
tice Milan was sent for, and the pris
oner tirned over to him. Liter in the
day Mr. Legare gave bond and was re
,eased to appear before the Court.
Mr. Legare was seen by a reporter
for the News and Courier, after his re
lease from custody, and asked for a
statement of the facts in the case.
He said that Mr. Jordon's son came
to his office and told him that his fath
er wanted him around at his place of
business. He hastened to comply with
the request. When he reached Mr.
Jordon's place he found Chief Consta
ble Gaillard outside of the door, which
was being guarded by two policemen.
He requested permission to enter and
was refused. He explained to Consta
ble Galllard that he had been sent for
by his client, and he conceived it his
duty to comply with his request. Con
stable Gaillard still refused him en
trance and ordered- the officers at the
door to keep him out. Shortly after
Constable Gaillard had entered the
house be went into the room. The
constableo, headed by Chief Gaillard,
hastened towards him. Chief Consta
ble Gaillard ordered him out and he
declined to- go. The chief constable
then requested Lieut. J. H. Fordham,
of the police force, to arrest him. The
officer reminded Chief Constable Gail
lard that the premises were in his (Gail
lard's) possession, and that he was the
one to perform the office. Chief Con
stable Galliard then laid his hand on
Mr. Legare and told him to consider
himself under arrest. He replied cer
tainly he would, and was turned over
to Lieut. Fordham. Outside the build
ing the police wagon was rung for and
Mr. Legare was put in it and taken to
the Guard House. -
When Chief Constable Gaillard was
asked for a statement regarding the
raid and the arrest incident thereto he
said: "I entered F Jordan's place, 58
King street, at 10:30 o'clock yesterday
morning. I found Mr. Jordan near the
door on the inside sitting on a stool. I
told him my busiaess. As soon as I
did so he said: "Have you a search
warrant?" I told, him I had. Mr. El
liott, who held the warrant, presented
it to him a moment or two afterwards,
and the search began. -I closed the
front door and stood outside of it. Two
police officers were stationed at the
door and I requested them not to allow
anyone to enter. I observed Mr. Le
gare approaching very rapidly. He de
sired admittance. I refused to allow
him to enter, and after a few words of
explanation he demanded his right to
enter, suggesting legal reasons to me
for keeping him out. He then with
drew from the door after a little objec
tion. I went inside and closed the door.
A few minutes afterwards Mr. Legare
opened the door and forced himself in.
I stopped him immediately and asked
him to withdraw. He declined to do
so, saying he desired to make a ques
tion of it. I called in Lient. Fordhami
and requested him to arrest Mr. Le
gare and take him out of the store, so
that my search could proceed without
Interference or disturbance." It is
probable that this is the beginning of
another big lawsuit for the State of
South Carolina. No contraband geods
were found on Mr. Jordan's place,
Thbe first blood which has nowed in
Charleston in consequence of the dis
peneary la w was spilled last night, and
as far as can be known, it was spilled
by a representative of the State con
The excitement caused by the inci
dent in Vanderhorst street grew as the
day wore on, and by nightfall the feel
ing of indignation w as intense. Scores
of men visired both depots at the time
for the arrival of the evening trains,.
expecting that the constables would be
present buS instead- the depots were
provided with extra police.
Ai'out 9 o'clock a meeting of citizens
was hqld and alter brief debate those
present adjonrned. Shortly after this
a crowd of men, about five hundired In
number, was seen marching up King
street in the direction of Spring street,.
where it is known that there is a board
ing house at which the constables lodge
The place is kept by Mrs Charles Mc
Cants and is designated as No. 603.
When the cro wd reached Spring street;
it numbered over five hundred. They
were determined men and seemed in
tent on avenging the insult which they
said had been heaped upon a Charles
.on woman. No other motive inspired
*hem, ard had the constable been
found who was charged wiih that out
re'ge there is no way to say what his
fate might have been.
.3ut such was not to be. The meet
ing had avj)urned at 10.15 o'clock and
a few minutes later information was
given to the police that trouble would
A equad of twelve men was quicklv
sent out and they waited in Spring
street around the corner from the
scene of action. As the crowd ap
proached King street from Meeting the
sergeant in charge blew his whistle and
the squad of police was quickly sta
tioned in front of the door of the house
As the crowd reached the place a pis
toi shot was fired trom the direction of
the house and Washington Betancourt,
fell, apparently dead.
This was the signal for a great hur
rab. and shots were heard on all si.-es.
Most of the men in the crowd thought,
the shot which struck Betancourt was.
Sred by one of their friends, and scores.
of revolvers were fired in the air.
The confusion thus created was
great, but meanwhile the policemen.
stood 5euare against the door, not one
of the crowd was able to pass the barri
cade. In a few minutes two more
wagon loads of policemne2 arrived, and
the crowd gradually dispersed.
Nothing was seen of any of the con
stables, and It is safe to say that not;
mayo hem were near about when
.ancourt? was the all absorbing ques- I
tion. It was asked a thousand times
and answered in a dozen different ways I
The ball entered the right side of bis
neck and ranged backward, showing
that it came from the west side of the'
street. Then no one saw the flash, this
proving that the man who fired the
shot was not in the street. But who
fired the shot is a question which will
never be satisfactorily answered.
Mr. Betancourt was taken to a resi
dence near by and treated by a physi
cian. It is not thought that his inju
ries will prove very serious.
Swanowed too Many Swords.
NEW YORK, Jan. 22.-C. E. Cliquot,
a pleasant looking young Canadian,
who makes his home in New York, has
a clever way of putting the tip of a
sword in his mouth and then letting the
blade drop out of sight. This is pro
fessionally termed sword swallowing.
It was suggested to the doctors at the
Metropolitan Throat Uospital that
they might be interested in observing
the effe-z produced by this feat upon
the muscles of the throat and te sopha
gus, so yesterday afternoon Cliquot
gave a private exhibition. It Interest
ed the doctors greatly. Iweidentally it
surprised Cliquot and alarmed his wife
for the swo'rd swallower narrowly
escaped doing himself serious ininry.
He stripped to the waist for his
work, and began with a bunch of four
swords. The blades were about twen
ty inches long and three-quarters of an
inch wide, with blunted points and
dulled edges. Fixing the swords so
that they rested on each other like a
pack of cards he put them in his m:>utM
and nshed them down his csopnagus
untif all but the handles were hidden.
His chest heaved fast as though he
were working hard, but he sliowed no
sign of pain. The swords were Ilexi
ble, and by the forward moti.n of his
head he bent them to an angle of about
forty-five degrees.
Then he took a stiff sword about
twenty-two inches long, and after
starting it in the right path, ha asked
a spectator to seize the hilt and push
the sword down till the hilt almost
touched his teeth. After performing
snccessfully a number of other feats
Cliquot took fourteen of the flexible
swords, and, placing them on top of
each other as before, he explainei that
he would swallow them all at once and
then have them pulled from his throat
one by one. When the swords were
about half way down he seemed to be
in great pain. His chest moved rapid
ly and he gasped once or twice for
breath. But the s vords were pushed
down until Cliquot signalled for them
to be pulled out. He seemed in such
distress that all fourteen were removei
together instead of one at a time.
When this had been done the sword
swallower sank feebly into a chair.
Perspiration moistened his forehead,
and he'seemec to be in great pain. He
rested a few moments, and then an at
tendant brought him .-ome whiskey,
but he couldn't swallow it. The doc
tors gave hiha an injec' ion of morphine
to relieve the pain. Then he was hus
tied into a cab and driven to the Union
Square Hotel where he is staying. Two
doctors were called to attend him there,
as it was thought that he might have
punctured the o3ophagus or the stom
ach. They said he had done neither,
but had probably distended the (eso
phagus so that it became nervously ex
A Fatal Fight.
LAURENS, S. C., Jan. 22.-At Mad
dens Station, on the Port Royal and
Western Carolina Railroad, jnst after
sunrisethis morning,- two white farm
ers, Matthew Cunningham and Wilson
Boyd, fought, and Boyd was fatally
wounded. The affair occurred in the
engine room of a gin house and only
the two men were present. The quarrel
is said to have arisen because Cunning
ham refused to allow a negro in his
employ to shoe some horses for Boyd.
Persons outside say that the men were
heard talkmng, that Cunningham sai'1
"Go away, [ don't want to have any dif
ficulty with you," and later, "I am not
bluffing you." Then they heard a blow
and going into the room found Boyd
down and bleeding at the nose and
mouth. A piece of a hoe handle was
lying by with blood and hair og it, and
it is presumed that the blo w was struck
with it. Cunningham left the scene of
the troubte at once. Boyd was about
fifty years old and Cunningham is
about ten years his senior. Boyd died
at 4 o'clock p. m. The shei iff has gone
to arrest Cunningham, who it is sup
osed will surrender.-State
Hill's Boomi.
CinCAGo, .Tan. 20.-A call wili be
publhsned to-day for a meeti':g at
which will be organized the S-nator
Hill Democratic Association of Cnica
go. In the organization of the associa
tion there will comenence, it is clai med,
a mighty movement to secure for Dav
id B. Hill the Presidential nomination
as Grover Cleveland'- successor. It is
said by persons interested that already
over 1,000 Chicago Democrats, more or
less prommnent, have agreed to assist in
the movement. S. D. Keough, a local
pblitician is greatly intere-sted in the
Hili boom. "-The movement has been
quietly agitated since the last Presi
ential election," said Mr. Keough.
"We intend to run Mr. Hill for the
Presidency on the broad platform that
he Is a Democrat. The movemi-nt wil
also be an offset to the work the Re
ublic-ars are doing in the West in Mr.
~arrisoun's behalf. The matter has
been taken up in the E ist and great in
erest has been manifested there. In
the West we intend to push it until
there is a thorough organization to
push Mr. HIl's candidacy for the Pres
Excellent Reasons for a Veto.
WAsuINGTON. Jun. 20.-The Presi
dent today sent to the House his veto
of the bill recently passed authorizing
the erection of a bridge over Hlud~on
river at the upper part of New York
city. The reasons assigned are that
the bill does not prohibit the construc-1
tion of piers in the river; that the comn
merce of the river should not be inter
fred with by the erection ot bridges;
1that expert engineer opinion agrees
that the rirer at 'he point fixed for the
crossing of the bridge can be spanned
Iby a single span; that in the oit of the
ew York Legislature chartering the
company the erection of piers is pro
hibited; that the bill permits the bridget
company to charge an undue amount
for the transportation of maile, and
that a charter- for a similar .structure
has already been granted by Congress
to another company by an act which
requires tue construction of a single
san nrie..a
Lnv School D1itrict Can Levy a Special
School Tax.
At the last session of the Legislature
in Act was passed giving any school A
listrict in the State the right to levy
ind collect an extra school tax, to run
he schools a longer period than that
illowed by the regular tax collected for
:he purpose. This is an important tax,
is it puts in the hands of the people I
,he opportunity of extending the terms 1
)f their schools at a comparatively 1
imall cost. The Act is to be printed, t
lnd thousands of copies sent out to
ichool trustees, teachers and others in- t
berested, by the Superintendent of Ed- c
acation. The following is the Act as
passed, and it will be interesting read- a
Mg: 0
Sec. 1. B3 it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the
State of South Carolina, now met and
itting in General Assembly,and by the .
authority of the same; That for the 1
purpose of establishing and maintain
ng graded or other pubiic schools in
any city, incorporated town or village
in this State, such city, incorporated I
town or village desiring to establish v
and maintain the same, and to receiva e
the benetits of this Act, are hereby con- i,
tituted and declared to be separate T
school districts. r
Sec. 2. That the voters of said school
districts, who return real or personal
property of the value of $100 for taxa
tion are authorized to levy and collect
an annual tax to supplement any con
stitutional or other tax for like pur
poses, and for said purposes the trus
tees of said school districts, upon a ma- C
jority of resident freeholders of the age f
of twenty-one years and over,shall call I
a public meeting of said taxpayers at 9
any time before the first day of June of 1
any fiscal year, which meeting must be I
advertised in a newspaper published in
such city, incorporated town or village,
once a week for two weeks, or posted
in three conspicuous places in such
shool district for said length of time;
and when assembled,said meeting shall
have the power to elect a chairman and
secretary;to adjourn from time to time,
to levy such special tax not exceeding
four mills, and to appropriate tha same
to such school purposes as a majority I
shall see tit;that the tax so levied shall E
be repealed at any subsequent meeting; I
that within ten days after said meet- I
ing, the chairman thereof shall furnish I
the Board of Trustees of such school t
district and the County Auditor with
the amount so levied, and the Auditor
sall enter the same in his tax dupli
cate, and he shall annualy, each year
thereaf ter,enter said amount in his tax
duplicate until the same'is increased,
decreased or repealed by said tax pay
ers, at a meeting called for that pur
pose, and he is notified that the same
has been increased, decreased or re
pealed, and if increased or decreased,
he shall annually enter it as before; I
which meeting shall be called and no
tice given in the same way and man
ner as hereia provided for the calling I
of meetings to make the levy and the
giving of the notice that it has been
made, and the County Treasurer shall
collect the same as other County and
State taxes; 'such levy shall be a lien
on the property in such school district
which shall be subject thereto, in case
of default of payment; that said tax so
collected shall be paid out by the
County Treasurer upon warrants drawn
by th'e Board of Trustees, countersign
ei by the School Commissioner: Pro-i
vided, that any surplus of such 'avy re1
maining in the hands of the County
Treasurer at the expiration of any fis
cal year shall be paid as herein provi
ded, and to be used for like purposes.
Sec. 3. That the voters of any school
district now formed, or that may here
after be tormed by the County Board
of Examiners, whose territory includes
and extends beyond the limits of any
city, incorporated town or village in
this State,or of any school district now
formed or that may hereafter be form
ed by the County Board of Examiners
outside of cities, incorporated towns or
villages in this State, who return real
or personal property for taxation of the
value of $100, desiring to levy a tax not
exceeding four mills for the uses and
purposes hereinbefore mentioned in
this Act,are hereby authorized and em
powered to levy, collect and disburse
such tax in the same manner and upon
the same conditions prescribed in Sec.
2 of this Act, for the levy, collection
and disbursement of taxes for separate
school districts in cities, incorporated1
towns, or villages in this State: Provi-i
ded, That this Act shall not interfere
with any school district which has
heretofore been created by special act.
Sec. 4. Each taxpayer, when he pays
any tax for school purposes voted un-<
der provisions of this Act, shall have
the right to designate for which school
in said school district he wishe.s the
money paid by them to go, and thei
Treasurer shall keep a note of such <
designation, and the money be applied 1
as thus designated. W1.ere no desig
nation is made by the taxpayer at the I
time of such payment, the money shall
be expended as other school funds in
such district.
Sec. 5. That it shall be the duty of
the County Board of Examiners, as
soon as mne written request provided
for in See. 2, shall have been made, to
appoint th ee freeholders ini said school
district or districts to act as trustees
thereof: Provided, said district or dis- I
tricts be without trustees.
Sec. 6. That whenever petition shall
be made by a majority of the voters in
;ny section not included in any sepa.
rate school district to the County
Board of Examiners, from any county
praying that the section designated by
them be established as a separate school
district, the said County Board of Ex-(
aminers are hereby authorized and re-t
quired to establish suchsection as a sep- I
arate school district, and said Board is
hereby empowered to make such regula- c
tion for the government of same, asp
may be conformable to law.
Sec. 7. That whenever it shall happen
tat by reason of the location of spec
ial school districts, portion of t wo ad
jacent counties should for convenience s
e inluded in one school district, the Il
County Board of Examiners of such i
counties are hereby authorized and di-a
rected in joint conference to make such t
rgulations as wilt enable such sectiont
to be established into a separate school I
district. t
Sec. 8. That all Acts and parts of i
Acts inconsistent with any of the pro- 2
visions of this Act be, and the same is C
hereby repaled. I
Atsck3 the Regp.ister-lBrother Bowden
A Dying Confesslon from Shell-Ac
cases shell f Devi ating from the Paths
of Truth and Eighteoutsees.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 19, 1894.
feel called upon, in view of all that
i being said against my frined, who is
Dyal and true to the people at home
nd in Washiogton, to have a few words
) say myself.
I am a member of the State execu
ve committee and represented the
ounty ef Abbeville as Tillman's cam
aign organizer 'n 1892.- I feel as deep
n interest in the welfare and success
f the movement of 1890 as any man in
outh Carolina, and, while my friend is
eing traduced and imposed upon by
be Register, the Reform organ, I feel
; my duty to let the people of the State
now how some o-her folks are acting
rhen they are away from home.
It has been an open secret ever since
came to Washihgton, that Capt. Shell
ras acting in concert with out political
nemies here. There is not a true Ri
)rmer in Congress, or in Washington,
rho has not seen it, and who does not
ealize and recognize it. He has played
ongressman Latimer and myself false
i a matter that shows his duplicity
ad want of that trait that is necessary
o mane an honorable and reliable man.
le promised my friends in the spring
if last year to endorse me for the office
f satistician of Suth Carolina, with the
arther declaration to them that Mr
lorton, Secretary of Agricullure. had
ven him the refusal of this place. I
ent to work and got up a petition,
rich was signed by all the Democratic
ongressmen who had a chance to sign
t. While I was e:rpecting the appoint
ent, I saw throuah the c-olumns of the
iapers, the appointmen t of C)1. Wash
Vatts, an inveterate and implacable
Later of the movement, who had de
Lounced us as a vile hor.de and who had
efused in 1890 to sign a testimonial of
haracter for Mr. Shell. Th's, Congress.
nan Latimer and I did not understand,
nd when Congressman L-timer ap
)roached Shell he denied having endorsed
atts; and rfterwards, when be was
mocked down by a cable car and taken
o the Metropolitan Hotel, he called .Mc.
timer to his bedside and made a dy
sg confession. As to whether he be
ieved he was going to die, some people
iave their doubts. In said dying coa
ession he told Mr. Iitimer that he had
lever endorsed Col. Watts for this posi
ion. Atterwards, in order to ver.fy
his statement, which was ,enerally
oubted, Mr. Latimer and I went to the
igricultural Department and found a
.eter from Capt. Shell endorsing Col.
ratts for this place, and saying. among
ther things in the letter, that he would
)e endorsed by Gen. Hampton and other
>rominent Conservative citizens of South
Now, Mr. Editor, if this is the kind
)t a man that is to be selected by Mr.
Bowden'to lead the Reform forces in
south Carolina, may God save the
novement. I have never been promi
,ent, other than in the manner stated
bove, but I wish it distinctly under
itood by all parties that this kind of a
an cannot leaa me. I want to be led
my men who have never faltered and
:an be relied upon ir1 daylighi; or dark.
[ sugest humbly that the leacing true
Reformers of each 'county be callcd to
~ether and inaugurate the campaign in
rder that justice may be done to all
parties. If this is not done, trouble is
bound to come, and the ab.13e and de
struction of our leadmng men by the
Register will not tend to save this move
ment. I say, give us an open and fair
eld, and, if Bowd.dns and Shell's sort
aan control this converntion, then the
movement is too weak to have stood
nyhow; but I do) not believe that the
Reform Democrats of the State are ready
~r any such leadership.
Very res prctfully,
_____ J. Y. JONES.
Jail Dallvery.
AUGUSTA, Ga., Jan. 24.-A special
~othe Chronicle from Thomson, G 3.,
3ays: Sheriff Hawes was knocked
senseless while feeding the prisoners
his evening, and six negroes made
heir escape. The weapon used by his
issailant was a two by four inch scant
mg. The blow was a powerful one
md cut a gash in the sheriff's head
iome five inches long and knocked him
lowa a stairway about ten feet. He
as apparently dead, and the prison
rs toot his pistol- and keys and all
~alked out, shutting the jail door but
railing to lock it. Tihe crime wvas die
~overed very shortly afterwards and
he whole town is wild with excite
nent. The sheriff's skt'll is badly'
ractured and his condition is critical.
. posse was immedtately organized
d three of the negroes were caug'it.
It is probable that the other three will
lso be captured. Sheriff iHwes saiys
rim Kendrick struck him the blow,
ut Wash Kendriek and George Green
ay Bob Harris did the work. These
re the three negroes captured. If the
heriff dies, there is probability of a
ynching. ________
CHARLSTON, S. C., Jan. 24.--A boat
ontaining six white men left Sullivan's
sland on Monday last if or the life
avins station on Morris Island. To.
ay t~he bodies of two of them were
ind on the shore of Morris Island.
)e of them, H. R. Campson. is a mem
Fer of the life sa'ying crew of Morris
sand. The other, named Fred Miller,
ras a resident of Suliuvan Island. The
tner !o.r men are missing and are sup
osed to be drowned. Nothing is known
f the cause of the accident.
SAN ANTONIO, Texas., Jan. 23.-A
tick of dynamite which some un
nown party had placed in the smok
og car stove on the Missouri. Kansas
nd Texas at Marcos, Texas, exploded
his morning with terrific force as the
rain was leaving that place. Ed
inding, traveling agent of the city
rewery of San Antonio, and J. 0.
leidelman, a wealthy merchant of
Lustin, were instantly killed and six
tler passengers in the car seriously
The Final Vote Next Monday-Dcmocrats
and Popullats Will Sppart it Solidly
The Sugar and Coal Discussion.
WASmNGTON, Jan. 21.-The same
topics which were before Congeass last
week will continue to engage its atten -
tion during all of this week-in the
House the tariff bill and in the Senate
the bill to repeal the federal election
[a -s.
There is one person, at least, who
hails with delight the approach ot the
end of the tariff debate in the House
and who enters upon this
week's twork with renewed zsat for
the reason thit it is the last to be de
voted to the pending measure. That
person is Representative W. L. Wilson,
hairman of the committee on ways and
means, and therefore responsible for the
progress of the bill through the Eouse'
is has been a most prodigious labor.
Not only has the burden of the parlia
mentary struggle on the floor been borne
by him in the largest measure, but the
13mands made by anxious representa
tives of this or that interest for changes
in the schedules of the bill have en
grossed his time and attention in and out
)f the committee room, both before and
since the measure was reported to the
Eouse, so that by neither day ne- uiqht
as he had an hour for months tr .. us
:ould 4call his own.
The drafts upon Mr. Wilson's mental
and physical powers have been such
that many a man of more rugged phy
sique wauld have' succumbed to the
train. Ta3us far however, he has bsen
able to respond to every call, save in a
ew instances last week, when he was
nable to meet his committee associates
at their night sessions, being completely
exhausted. Oae night he suffered from
a slight hemorrhage, Dut Its ill effects
were speedily overcome. At the con
clusion of the debate, and when the bill
has passed the House, Mr. Wilson will
doubtless seek needed rest and recupera
There is every indication that when
the bill comes to a vote on the 29th inst.
it will receive the support of every
Democratic and populist member, with
possibly, at the outside, half a dozsa ex
In the Senate there will be a slight
relaxation of the programme in order
to permit of the delivery of a speech on
the subject of our Hawaiian relations,
by Senator Cullom Of Illinois. He is
expected to talk Monday or Tuesday.
The discussion of this subject may take
an interesting turn and trench even
more upon tfe time set apart for the
consideration of the election law repeal,
it some of the Republican Senators re
abze their expectation that the Turpie
resolution, declaring against foreign in
tervention in Hawaii or a concurrent
resolution recognizing by legislative act
the provisional government of Hawaii,
will be pressed to the front. Except
by unanimous consent, however, the
discussion of Hawaiian affairs must be
confined to the morning hour of the
week and the regular topic for debate
will be the elections bill. Speeches on
this bill will be made by Senators Hig
gins of Delaware, Hawley of Connecti
cut, Lodge of Massachusetts, Frye of
Maine, while Senators Hoar and Chand
ler stand ready to participate in the de
bte atany, mo-nent, if nessary. A volte
is not expected this week.
Eight Die in One Family,
CoLInsBA, S. C., Jan. 23.-The peo
ple of Colunibia have read with sorrow
the news at different times of the deaths
in the Cartledge family, of Edgefield
County. -The mortality in the family
has continued, as the following in the
Edgefield correspondence of the News
and Courier of yesterday will show:
"Eight persons have died of the grip
in the Cartledge family in four or five
weeks, Messrs. Jerry and Sam Cartledge
and their wives, Dr. Cartiedge, Mr. Ben
Ouzs, father of Mrs. Jerry Cartledge,
and Mrs. May. a cousin, who assisted
in nursing tthe sick, and atlast accounts
Mrs. Outzs lies dongerously ill; if she
should die only a little five-year-old girl
would be left of this once happy fami
FertilIzer Negroes Strike.
CHARLESTON, S. C., Jan 2.-The ne
groes employed in several of the fertil
izer works around the city have gone
out on a strike in consequence of a re
duction of wages from $1 to 75 cents a
dy. The mills have no trouble In get
ing labor to supply the places of the
strikers, as there are thousands of idle
negroes around the suburbs from the
sea islands. They are called cyclons
refugees. But the strikers wUi not let
them work and there has been trouble
all day in the vicinity of the mines. A
squad of mounted police was sent up
to the scene and made quite a number
of arrests tonight. It Is feared that the
trouble will assume a serious character
Irby Present the Memorial.
WAsaINeTON, Jan. .24.--Senator
Irby laid before the Senate today a very
tastefully printed memorial of the Gen
eral Assembly of South Carolina in the
matter of receivers oh raidroad com
panies and equity lurisdiction of the
Court of the United States. The mem
orial comsists of sixty large pages includ
ing anappendix ot extracts from the ad
dress of Governor Talman. The mem
orial grows out of the action of Federal
judges in arresting officers for carrying
out the directions o1 the State courts,
and marks the renewal of the conflict
between State and United States Courts.
Resist Arrest.
MARioN, S. C., Jan. 21.-W. G. Davis,
chief of police of this town, was shot
in the breast last night by one of two
negroes, Wess Green and Jack Evans
who were evading arrest for cotton
stealing. The two negroes were spotted
In a vacant house four miles from town
ithe sheriff, with his posse, of whorm
f. Davis was one, surrounded the
house and ordered the negroes to sur~
render, whereupon the* negroes began
iring through the crevices in the door.
The posse returned the fire, but s0fa
as known without effect. The negoe
scaped. Mr. Davis' woundisntd
What Branches the Weme of the state
Will Study.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Jan. 24.-Rapidly
all the preparations are being made for
the opening of the State Industrial
and Winthrop Normal College at Rock
Hili next fall-just as soon as the build
ings are complsted. Those in charge
of this institution, which will doubt
less accomplish much for the educa
tion of the women of South Carolina,
are determined to have everything else
in absolute readin6ss by the time the
buildings are ready for occupancy, and
that work itself is being pushed with
all possible dispatch.
At the recent meeting of the board
of trustees of the college held ot Rock
Hill, all these matters were carefully
considered and the following regula
tions in regard to the organization and
course of study were adopted. They
contain the first outline of the course
of study to be pursued by the students
at this college.
1. The courses of study, in conformi
ty with the purposes of the act estab
lishing this college, shall be designed
to secure to all pupils, besides the op
portunity of higher culture, therequi
sites of at least a sound English edu
cation, and especially the practical
study of branches pertaining to the
science and art of teaching, or to the
various departments of domestic, ar
tistic or commercial industry, by which
women may be qualided to earn inde
pendent support, or to make their
homes more comfortable, more eco
nomical and more beautiful. Every
pupil in the institution is required by
law to pursue at least one of tne indus
trial branches.
11. In addition to the regular collegi
ate course there shall be allowed for
the present, one year :of preparatory
academic study, but none will be ad
mitted who may not probably in one
year be prepared for the regular classes
in some one of the courses of study.
III. Tne several departments shall
for the present be as follows:
1. Mental and moral science and ped
2. English language and literature
and history.
3. Latin and modera languages.
4. Mathemltics, physics and astron
5. Chemistry, mineralogy and biolo
6. Normal department and modlel
7. Department of industrial arts.
8. Department of music, to which
shall be added such instructorships and
assistant instructorships as may be
found necessary.
IV. For the further consideration of
the courses of study and other q ues
tions of organization and regulations
to be submitted to the board, there
shall be appointed a standidg commit
tee on organization and resolutions,
eorsisting of two members of the
board, to whom the president, when
elected, shall be added as chairman.
The following regulations relative to
the management of the institution and
defining the powers and rights of
those who will be In charge were also
I. The faculty shall consist of a pres
ident, who shall also be a professor,
and of the professors or heads of de
partments appointed by the board.
II. To the faculty shall be entrusted
the general conduct and control of
th institution, under such regulations
as ahey may adopt, subject to the ap
proval of the board.
III1. To the president shall be en
trusted the executive management,
under regulations adopted and ap
proved as above. He shall be also the
organ of communication between the
faculty and the board of trustees. At
such stated meeting of the trustees and
at other meetings when required, he
shall submit reports of the condition
and wants of the college. In prepar
ing such report he shall require reports
from the several professors on their
own departments, which reports, with
such comments as he may deem pro
per, he shall for ward to the board for
their information.
IV. To the several professors shall
be entrusted the instruction and con
trol of their several departments, with
the choice of text books and of meth
c'ds of Instruction therein, subject to
the general regulations of the faculty
as above provided. It shall be the du
ty of eac'h professor to submit reports,
general or special, whenever required
by the president or by the board.
V. The president shall preside at all
meetings of the faculty. As professor,
he shall be entitled to a vote, and mn
case of a tie, he shall, as president,
have a casting vote. In his absence or
disability, the faculty, or when deemed
necessary, the hoard, shall appoint a
chairman, who for the time being shall
have all the powers and duties of pres
VIL In addition to the president and
faculty, the board may appoint such
instructors and assistant instruictors
as they may deem necessary. These
oflicers shall be subject to the general
directiop of the faculty, under regula
tions approved as above, and in each
department to the special direction of
the head of the department.
VII. The terms of office and the
salaries of the faculty and instructors
shall be brxed by the board.
VIII. Except to fill temporary va
cancies, professors and instructors
shall be chosen only at stated meeting
of the board; nor shall any such officer
be appointed or removed except by a
vote of a majority of the entire board;
nor shall any such officer resign with
out giving three months' notice
through the president to the board.
Commits Suicide.
NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 22.-Simon E.
Marx, a prominent cotton broker, went
to Audubon park this afternoon, and
placing the muzzle of a revolver in his
mouth, blew the top of his head off.
He hadl several large notes to meet, and
being unable to raise.the cash, grew
despondent, and left his home early
this morning with the avowed inten
tion of killing himself. His family be
came alarmed, had informed the police,
who hunted for him in vain until the
sensational manner of his suicide was
telephoned to headquarters.
Want a Conventon'
ANDERSON, S. C., Jan. 20:-After the
meeting of the county alliance here the
members of the old farmers' associa~
tion met and passed resolutions favor
ing a March convention to nominate
candidates for state officers as called by
Kritnr Bnorren of the otton Plant.

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