Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1894. PASSED BY THtIE HOUSF. THE INCOME TAX GOES THROUGH AS AN AMENDMENT To theTarift 11 11-Manv Amendments to the Internal Rovenu NBl--feeral De bate Olnsed Yesterday. WASIIINOTON, Jan. 30.-The House very. promptly went Into committee of the whole to consider the tariff bill this morning on motion of Richardson of Tennessee, having dispensed with the call of comritteos for reports. The consideration of the income tax bill was resumed and Covert (Dam) of New York, took up the thread of his argument against it. lIe declared that the bill was extrefiely sectional in its provisions and would bear with par ticular severeity on the North and .ast. Cox (Dem.) of Tennessee, spoke ia -iefense of the income tax. Bartlett (Dem.) of New York, in de louncing the bill, said it was proposed by a branch of the Democratic party which affiliated with the Populist par y and demanded the free coinage of both gold and silver at the present ra tio. Lafe Pence, the Populist member from Colorado, delivered a stirring and ringing speech in favor of the income tax. The preceding speaker had char acterized the bill as a Populist maas ure. le admitted that in the Omaha convention the Populist party had de clared for a graduated income tax, and in line with that platform he proposed to offer an amendment to that end when the bill was up for amendment. He favored a graded tax, beginning with 1 per cent. on incomes of $2,500 and running up to 5 per cent. on in comes of $100,000 or more. Pendleton of West Virginia, deliv ered an earnest appeal in the interest of harmony in the Democratic party. It bad been claimed on the other side of the House that there was defection in the ranks of the West Virginia del egation, but he positively affirmed that while tho Wilson bill bore somewhat heavily Ii the products of his State, all the representatives of West Virginia, as well as of Virginia, would stand shoulder to shoulder in support of the Wilson bill. And as those States had swallowed the free lumber, free coal and free iron pills, the New York Democrats shoula swallow the income tax medicine and help the bill through its final passage. He predicted that when the time came for a final vote, not a single Southern Democrat would be found lurking in the camp of the enemy. (Democratic applause.) Johnson of Ohio, devoted himself to an elaboration of his free trade and single tax theories, the latter present ig, he said, the only solution to the labor question. le would vote for the income tax, but he should do it under protest and as the lesser of the two evils. Simpson (Pop.) of Kansas, said that the income tax had been sneered at as a Populist measure, but while the mem bers of that party on the floor were few and were despised on the Demo cratic side and despised on the Repub - lican side, he predicted that sooner or later, the time would come when the doctrine of the Populists would be advocated, because they were right. In conclusion he announced that lie was in favor of an income tax first, last and all the time, whether it was a Populistic, Democratic or Republican measure. (Democratic applause.) Cockran (Dem.) of Now York, an op ponent of the income tax, was recog nized. In anticipation of hearing Cockran, crowds of people flocked to the House and the galleries were filled. Cocaran's objections to an Income tax were many and varied. It would be class taxation, and as such a blo w at the fundamental principle on which - the government was founded. It would be inquisitorial, and hence ini quitous. He believed rich men fav it, because they would therbby ulti mately gain a larger controi of the government tna~n they enjoye d today. Hie quoted D~emocratte authorit~y Sagainst thre proposed tax, and among others said A lex. HI. Stephens, of Geor gia, declared an internal revenue tax indefensible in this eountry. A member: Any kind of revenue tar? Ocekran: Any kind. McMIllin: Does the gentleman from 19ew York advocate now and lhere t be repeal of all internal revenue taxes ? Cockran: if that proposition were *bel ore the Hlouse I would not hesitate to say yes-not a moment. (Demo cratic applause.) I would be glad to see every gauger and internal revg me collector in the country turned od rtf cfflce. I have always believeri 5that the duty of this people is to support its government by a tariff 1(evied for reve nue only. On that position I have ;stood on this floor, and I coitinue to ~stand. I have vet to discover the man -a son of Georgia-who is going to -declare that the teaching of Alexander I-I.. Stephens is heresy. What gent le. * man is going to declare that we have *outlivt d the leadership of Blayard, 'Thurman and Jefferson ? Are we to ;have new leaders in the persons of the !gentleman from TIennessee (McMillini) the gentleman from llmrois (F'tthiana) and the gentleman from Georgia (Liv ingston)? Are these to be our new apostles? Are we to go before the peis6 ple and say: "Behold our progres-o dee how the Democratic party has grown" (Laughter and applause.) Are we to have a new gospel preached and to say that we have imbibed other * doctrines from'the lights of the Dem ocratic party ? I1 protest against that treason. I ask no privileges for any class. i object to them all. I demand for every cit izen of the country equali ty before the law. As i believe in equality of salvation and in the love of the Hleavenly Father, so I stand here now for one policy, one country, one law, one God, one D~emocratic faith, one general prosperity for 'all the peo pie, without distinction .of class, of wealth, of race. (Lotad and general ap plaase,wvhich was twice repeated. When order was restored, 3ryan (Dem.) of Nebraska, rose to reply. H~e coreplimented the eloquence of Cochi ran, but aaid that the D)avid pebbles of truth would be more effective than the Goliath javelin of error. Continuing, he said: The objections urged against the income tax are more numerous than weighty. 82mr have denied the constitutionality of the income tax,but the 8~upreme Curt had settled the question beyond controversy in the snringer nase, A. very few hav d nied the justice of an income tax. The principle Is endorsed by nearly all writers on political economy and com mends itself to every unprejudiced mind. A New York paper contained a few days ago, a sketch of the richest woman in the United 8tates with pro perty worth 860,000,000 and an Income of probably more than $3,000,000. She lives in a cheap boarding house -and brings her living expenses within 8500 or 8600. Who will say that it is just that she should pay the same amount of tax to support the federal govern ment that is paid by a family with an income of $500 or $000. While this is an extreme case, it is nevertheless true that a tax upon consumption' bears much more heavily upon the poor than upon the rich In proportion to their means. The main objection which has been urged against this bill is that it is in expedient. It is accused of being in quisitorial, but it is no more so than customs taxes, internal revenue taxes and State taxes. The personal prop erty taxes collected in nearly all the States are far more inquisitorial than the income tax. It is said that it in vites perjury, This government has too much important buqiness on hand to lose time looking after the morals of men whose veracity is not worth two cents on the dollar. The fact that some may escape'the tax is no objec tion to tl~e law. It is objected that this tax will endanger the tariff bill. I am not afraid that any Demodratic member will refuse to relieve the com mon people of the heavy burdens placed upon them by the McKinley bill for fear he will impose a light bur den by means of an income tax upon those who are amply able to bear it. The close of 3ryan's speech was the signal for vociferous applause cries of "vote, vote" and cheering. Immedi. ately after, without waiting far the hour of 5:30 to come, the committee rose and the House took a recess until 8 o'clock tonight. THE LAST DAY. WASHINGTON, Jan. 81.--This was the last day of general debate on the tariff bill. It opened in the House with a fair attendance in the galleries and rather a slim attendance on the floor. After the committees being called for reports, the House went into a com mittee of the whole to consider the tariff bill, Tate, of Georgia, offered the first atnendment to the internal revenue bill. It proposes to strike out the last three sections of the bill which in cludes a tax of 81 a gallon on distilled spirits, and also the clauses referring to bonding of distilled spirits and their withdrawal from warehouses. This would leave the existing law as to spir its in force. Outhwaite offered the following amendment: That on and after the passage of this act there shall be levied and collected a tax on all distilled spir its produced in the United States on which a tax is not paid before that day, per proof gallon, or wine, when below proof, 90 cents if paid within five days after date of distillation or entry into bond; $1 if paid after five days and within one year, $1.10 if paid after one year and within two years, $1.20 if paid after two years and with In three years, and $1.30 if paid after four years. Outhwaite's substitute for the whis key sections of Lhe revenue bill was de feated-yeas 42, nays 87. Bland offered a substitute to permit distillers at the expiration of the bond ed period to pay into the Treasury the cost of exportation and importation of liquor under the present regulations, the product to remain in this country. This was defeated without opposition. Dingley, (Rep.) of Maine, offered an amendirment striking out cif the original text of the bill the figure 6 where they occurred, as the time for regauging, and insert the figure 3 in each case. This would leave the law practically as it exista at present. Dingley's amendment was carried 81 yeas to 75 nays. Tellers were asked for and on this vote the amendment was again carried-105 in the atflrma tive and 86 in the negative. This is the first and only amendment, which tbe Republicans have succeeded in incor porating in the bill. The amendment offered by Tate, striking out the last three sections of the bill, thus leaving the law as to spirita as at p resent, as amended by Dingley's amendment, was voted on, after the chairman had, with some difliculty,made the question clear to the House. It appeared that should the amendment be adoptea it would leave the period of bond at three years while raising a tax from 90 cents to 81. The amendment was lost. A rLumber of amendments were rap idly offered, some In the nature of sub stitutes, and a bad parliamentary tan gle resulted. When this was straight ened out only one of the amendments had gone through to adoption-extend. Ing the operations of the law to the dis tilled spirits in bond at the time the law should go into effedt. Tucker, of Virginia,. offered, pn amendment to the income tax section of the bill, excluding from its opera tion charitable institutions and cdrpo rations and organmzations doing busi ness in the States not for profit. The amendment was agreed to. W hiting, Democrat, of Michigan, of fered one amendment to the wine schedule of the tardi bill proper, fixing the duty on stilled wines at 80 cents per gallon when below 14 per cent. al cohol and at 50 cents when above, Also exempting the bottles or jugs ,from duty. Agreed to. IBynum, Democrct, of IndIana, offer ed a committee amendment deducting from the calculated income of farm ers and 'stock raisers the amount ex pended in the purchase or production of 'such product or product on, which was agreed to. Springer, Democrat, of Illinois,offer ed an amendment providing that inhe ritances of property should be subject ed to the provisions of the income tax. Blynum, Democrat, of Indiana, offer ed an amendment to this amendment including in the enumeration of in comes everything received by gift, de vised or inheritance. After some dis cussion both amendmehis were adopt ed. Among the flood of amendments tilat failed of adoption was one offered by Maguire of Ualifornia, striking out all the provisions of the bil-relating to taxes on incomes, and in lieu thereof providing for a direct tax of $81,811, 125 of apportionment among the States and also for a direct tar on lanid val ues. The following were the only mem bero who voteff for it- Johnsan of Dhio, Maguire, of California, Warner Af New York, Harter of Ohio, and Simpson of Kansas. The internal rev - 3nue bill was thei agreed to a ian i 1mendment to the tariff bill by a vote )f 175 to 50. Ainong the Republicans who voted In favor of the amendment were White )f Ohio, Bowers of California, Taylor )f Tennessee, Bartholdt of Missouri &md Bundy of Ohio. The entire New York delgation voted solidly against it. Great cheering and applause greet ed the result. Wilson of West Virgin La then offered an amendment to in- S crease the tariff on barley from 20 per c cent. to 25 per cent., and on barley 1 malt from 30 per cent, to 35 per cent. S Several amendments were offered to Wilson's amenament, and the illibus- 11 tering which was started late last Sat- t urday afternoon on the same question, . was renewed. The opponents of a t higher duty on barley were able to b flibuster away the ten or fifteen min- v utes wnich remained before the recess. r Wilson finally moved that debate be I closed, and a vote was finally taken on c this last motion, but although the Re- I publicans and some of the Democrats il rushed to get between the tellers, the 8 hour of 5.30 arrived before a quorum 5 had voted, and the House went into re- e cess, and the barley schedule again t went over. 1 Mr. Talbert of South Carolina was a one of the speakers at the evening ses- v Bion List night, but the reporters acci- b dentally omitted to state the fact. Tal- F bert made an earnest appeal to the 9 committee to vote for the income tax t amendment, his remarks, though brief, e were strong and forcible. le was for d the masses, as against the classes. A Strange Story. t MILLEDGETILLE, Ga. Jan. 30.-T he v announcement of the death of Mr. a Thomas Fair was quite a surprise and v everyone was asking the question, j "W Vre did he come from ?" On Aug. c 15, 1874, Mr. Fair became involved in a dispute with Mr. Oliver Ellison, which a resulted in the death of the latter, and r since that day there has been an indict- i ment for murder hanging over him. Mr r Ellison's relatives have been endeavor- t lug to locate his hiding place. Futile c would be the effort to picture their I surprise when it was learned that he f had been right in the heart of Milledge- s ville for thirteen years, without allow. ( ing the citizens of this place, except his immediate family, ever to see him. i Mr. Fair served in the civil war in the I Ninth regiment, and bore to the grave t scars received in defense of the South. 1 He was buried in the cemetery here. J Ellison was killed 20 years ago in the E southwestern portion of the city. Fair E was jealous of Ellison and stabbed him I about a woman. Ellison started to re- 1 turn to the business portion of the city t but fell in the street, where he was I fouDd and carried to his house. He E was dead in a few hours. Fair, unwil- r ling to cause his family grief which his I trial would bring on them, immediate- E ly left ;or parts unknown. Every ef- I fort was made to locate him, but to no i avail. Ilis whereabouts since that < time have been unknown. Itis said be ] went to a swamp near this city, where ( he spent seven years, but returned to this city about 13 years ago. Since I which time he has been hiding in the home of his brothers, very near the I heart of the city. 4 After Mr. Carlitle. WAS1INGTON, Jan. 29.--General Mae ter Sovereign and General Secretary Hayes of the Knights of Labor will Monday morning file their bill in equi ty against Secretary Carlisle. It is a bill for injunction, sued out by Sov ereign for himself and the Knights of Labor, praying that the secretary and his confederates may be required to make answer under oath upon whlat basis of the status of necessity they claim the right to .issue bonda specified in the recent treac ury circular and to specifically answer whether suah bonds are to be made payable in United States cold coin or otherwise and why the necessities, if any existing, should not be met cy the coinage of silver now in possession of defendant, and especially why it is1 proposed to sell bonds to a 'greater< amount than is required to make up the deficit in the hundred million gold reserve. They ask for a preliminary injunction to restrain the selling of the bonds, and, after hearing the case, that the injunction be made per petual. Kileud by Biandits. SAN ANTONIO., Tex., Jan. 29 -Frank Howell, a ranichman, of Pecos county, arrived here and brings news of the killing of a prominent .young Amari can, namod Henry WV.Carew, by a band1 of Mexican outlaws, suprposed to be8 re mants of Santa Perez's so-called re volutionary forces. Mr Carew came to southwest Texas a few mont.hs ago from Chattanooga, Tenn., and was prospecting in Pecos county with a view of going into the sheep rasing business there on an extensive scale. Hie left the ranch of Mr. Howell last l'uesday for a trip into Mexico. lie was traveling alone and had hard11y crossed the border when he was attact ed and killed. His pockets were rifled of a considerable sum of money and his tiorse stolen. Tne body of the murder ed man was not found until Friday. ?lhe trial of the bandits has been fol owed into the mountaina below theI Big bend of the Rio GIrande river in biexico. Long Delayedi Letters.t AUGUSTA, (Ga., Jan. 30.-Three let-. Neis have been found in the Augusta Ehotel which should have been posted ieveral years ago. They were dated C &pril 6, 1887, and were sealed and ~ stamped, but for some re 'son did not go to their destination. The writer of r~hem was a man named Harry Hutton md had penned the epistles on what purported to be the eve of his self-de- ~ struction.' The letters were all direct- ~ ed to Baltimore-one to Is fathe r, an- a ther to a friend and another to a re laive. They all expressed the deepest a montrition and in the first and last ~ samed he asked forgiveness, while in the other he held himself up in the light of a warning to his friend. The f records show the name of no such sui- 8 aide in this city and it is supposed that I hither he decided to linger in tis vale e of tears a little longer or that his pur- rj pose was accomplished in some other t place. Gas Kinled Them Both a c ST. PAUL, Jan. 29.-Carlton B. Tar- t bell, shipping clerk of the Northwest r Gleneral Electric company, and wife, I were overcome by the fumes from a t as toe.Mr. Tarboll was found ea-hs wifo dy ing two hous laer .. DA GAMS GUNS URNED ON AMERICAN MERCHANT MEN AT RIO. dniral Benhau'S Vigorous Measures. The Btabele Quall-Musket Shot@ Ex chanugd-lneurgente Oontempl,4to Sur rendering to Denham. RIO JANEIRO Jan.30.-The following batement has been made to the Asso lated Press correspondent by Admira lenham, commander of the United tates fleet in this harbor: "The insurgent forces on Cobras Is md last Friday fired upon a ship flying ie United States flag. 1 protested tc Ldmiral Saldanna De Gama againsi ils action, and his response was he ad warned the commander of the shij rhop it was at the bar of Rio de Janel : as to the whereabouts of the dange ne. I ordered Admiral De Gama ti ease the firing. Both the guns on the sland of Corbras and the guns of the msurgent. war ship Trajana opened fiM aturday on the bark of Agate a ves el hailing from New York. I warn d Admiral De Gama at once that 1. le tire was repeated, I would fire back also warned him that if he touchet n American ship or American goods,] rould consider him a pirate. I toi im that I would protect Americar roperty absolutely from the fire of hie uns, and that I would retaliate upoi im for any damage done, unless it wai ntirely apparent that the damage wa ue to chance shots. Admiral Benham says that he noti ed Admiral De Gama, unofficially hat firing by the insurgents upon th ibarves, for the purpose merely of cre ting terror and to prolong a blockade tould not be permitted, so far a Ltericans and American vessels weri oncerned. The captains of three American ves els, Admiral Benham continues, inti aated that they wanted to go to th4 vharves, and the American admira otifled Admiral De Gama that it wa is intention to convey them at sunrisc n Monday. Fearing trouble, Admira lenham ordered that the vessels of hi eet be cleared for action. The thre hips referred to were the Amy, th ,ood News and the Julia Rollins. The captains of two of the ship veakened and failed to come into th iarbor. The Amy was the only on hat ventured in, and she was escorte y the United States cruiser Detroit ts a precaution against any possibl ggressive action on the part of the in urgents, the crusiers New York, Char eston ani Newark were assigned t vatch the actions of De Gama s ships he Aquidabuan and Tamandare, whil he Detroit and the San Francisco wer ignalled to take positions near th L'rajano and the Guanabara. Them irecautions certainly proved effectiv nd the insurgents, in the face of th ormidable array of American vesseli nade but the feeblest attempt to hir ler the Amy's progress to her wharl .,o guns were opened upon her by D xama's vessels, and, as a matter o ourse, the American vessels did no ire upon the insurgent ships. The insurgent protest consisted o: his: As the Amy got abreast of th luanabara, a marine on the last name ressel aimed a musket at her and fired rwo muskets were fired at the Guana >ara and the Trajano from the Amy scort, the Detroit in return. This wa L11 the firing done during the Amy' rip and it was enough. All oppositiol .eased at once, and the use of heav ;uns was not considered necessary a ny time. The reason that the other two ship Yrhich had notified Admiral Benham hat they wished to go to their wharve ailed to do so, was that their corr nainders were persuaded from enterin ,h harbor by a man of the name o lollins, who is believed to be the agen >f an Englisti firm, who has been im ilshing the rebels with money.. At a later hour Admiral De Gain onferred with his officers upon the ad tisablity of surrendering to the De roit, in consequence of the muske tiots fired. He was dissuaded fror Loig so, but it is thought possble tha ie may yet decide to surrender to th American commuander. There is no doubt that Admiral D lama is in a bad way. A propose ompromise has Deen ret'used by Ples >to's government and it seems to tI mnly a matter of time when he wij iave to give up the struggle. The complications of the insurgen ituation are increased by the absenc >f Admiral De Mello. The failure o he latter admiral to arrive here to th issistance of the insurgent fleet ha iven rise to the report that he is deat 'T.he commanders of sixteen warship uere, including five American and fou Sriglish and French, have sent messa res to Admiral Bienham, congratulat nig him upon his prompt action. Th 'Lustrian command~er cleared his si nrd made ready to help the Americai dmiral in case help was necessary. TH[E STORY FROM WASIIINOTON. WAsHJINQTON, Jan. 3.-An import nt dispatch from Admiral Benham t< ocretary Iherbert was received toda: nd is to the following effect. It seemi hat Admiral Benham lost patienca vith the insurgent, forces for their care ess firing in the harbor of Rio. Whieu Ldmiral Da Glama persisted in thil eckless course, Admiral Benham yes erday cleared his decks for action Ldmiiral Da Glama did not choose t< ake the hiint,whereupon Admiral Ben am llred several shots across the bowu f Dam Gama's flagship. It is under toed that this action was salutary,ane hat the matter ended at that point. This, 1i1 brief, is the dispatch, so il said. The complications that mah llow are regarded as likely to be seri uis. Our fleet at Rio is, of course auch stronger than that of the rebe dmiral, and it is not likely that th( ttei would add to the niumber of him ssanilants by engaging in a. conflici pith Admiral Benham. INCIDENT OF THlE EPISODE. IOe DE JANEIRO, Jan. 8.-A con. ict between the American and insur, ent fleets is still possible. Admira: )a Glama is angry bo~ause the young, r insurgent of~cers are eager to fight ~he admiral said today: "It would bi ettem to be conquered by a foreigr ower than to yield later to Peixoto.' The insurgent steamer P'arahyba an hboe( in a threatening position neal tie bark Good News this morning, and iay fire when she starts in tomorrow ni that case a serious conflict is inevi tble' The situation was extremely delicate estorday when the Deari as .. lda the Good News. The Guanabara and Trajona has their guns loaded and aim ed on all the amerlean vessels, while two heavy insurgent tugs were ready to ran the Detrort. The Guanabara and Trajona together have eight splen did rifles; but when the Detroit fired a six-pound shell into the Guanabara (The first account slted that caunon shots weie exchanged)ard Capt.Brown son Warned them that if a gun was fired, even by accident, he would sink them and advised that they take the men from their guns, they weakened. Admiral Benham had the Newark I ready to aid the Detroit, while the New I York, Charleston and San Francisco were alert to receive the Aquidahan - and Tainandare, which were under steam. Admiral Benham said today: "If Admiral Da Gama was contending for i any prihoipal or position in which any civilzed nation would sustain him, ho ought to make a fight but he is wrong in law." The commander of the Austrian warship has Rear Admiral Benham to be allowed to help in case of a fight. The German naval officers applauded - Benham. The English officers Patur - ally are in opposition while notdanying l that Benham's position is lawful. Benham now has two propositions I regrading arbitration but he will not reveal them. A settlement by such means, however is at present improb k able. While angry at his decision, the I insurgents comment upon Benham's t great courtesy and tact in the negoti I ations. The day before the conflict i Benham notified the city authorities that the water front would likely be - endangered. A consultation of the senior officers of the foreign naval ves sels will be held tomorrow on the - United States steamship San Francisco. ,1OW THE OONFLIOT OCCURRED. WASHINGTON, Jan. 80.-At a late hour tonight, the following details are learned concerning the incidents on - the 29th at Rio Janerio: Previous to - the 29th, Admiral Benham had commu I nicated with Admiral De Gama warn ing him against firing upon American 3 ships and refusing to allow the insur I gent commander's excuse that he had I given warning concerning where the danger line was. Three American 3 ships having signified their desire to 3 go to the wharves on the morning oi the 29th, the American admiral sent I word that he would convoy them. He 3 also sent word to Admiral Do G.ama to ) that effect. Two ships were convoyed I to the wharves by the Detroit, the in surgents' war ships following them. 3 When nearly at the wharf, and while a - tug was taking a cable ashore, the in surgent war ship opened [Ire, sending a ) volley of musket shot under the bow , of the tug. The Detroit answered with s a warning shot, and the insurgent ship S then sent a shot over the Detroit. The a Detroit then sent a shell which reached S a portion of the stern of the insurgent ship, doing little damage. The insur gent commander then fired, in ,answer , a broadside to the leeward, to the oppo. site direction to which the Detroit lay. . This being answered by another shot from the Detroit, the insurgents sig t nalled that unless the Detroit ceased t firing they (the insurgents) would sink the American ship. The language f which was used by the American admi b ral in answer to this signal was of such I a nature, that the inciident closed for that day and the ships were allowed to - land. BENHAM APPLAUDED RIO DE JANEIRO, Jan. 31.-The ac tion of Admiral Benham in protecting American ships in their effort to land t at the wharves in this harbor has had a salutary effect. English and mer chant ships of other nationalities, are now coming up to their wharves with.. out any sign of molestation on the part of the insurgent vessels. Admiral Benham's bol st and against Sinterference with vessels of his countf ry is generally applauderi. The exchang" _of shots between the insurgent and government forces have practically ceased during the past twenty-four . hours. This is the first time for months .that a day has passed when there was tnot more or less firing. The unofficial Swarning which Admiral Benham gave to Admiral De Giama that firing upon Sthe wharves for the mere purpose of creating .a blockade by terror must e cease, has been heeded. All the for eigners are delighted with the result of . the American admiral's cond uct. The commanders of the foreign fleets Iheld a conference today to discuss the action of Admiral Benham, and reso lutions were adopted fully endorsing the course that he pursued. SAdmiral De Gama feels aggrieved at Admiral B~enham. lie sent a letter to the American admiral today, protest ing against the ostentatious manner 'in which the Americani commander had humiliated him, Hie says that he . will yield for a time to a superior force -but that as ha was compelled to allow American ships to come to their wharves, he has officially notified the representatives of all other nations that they may do the same, lHe de clares that the insurgents have held the harbor for five months andi says that now if the shore batteries tire on him he will be unable to reply for fear of hurting neutral ships and also be in able to protect his men. Admiral De Gama also sent a letter to the oflcers who had gathered in conference to dis cuss Admiral Bienham's actioc, asking that he might be permitted to bombard the city without notice. No answer was sent to him, but Admiral Blenham said later that he would grant the in surgent admiral permission to bombard the city, but he would require that forty-eight hours notice to be given so that non-combatants would be able to seek shelter. Terrora of the Earthquakce. SAN FRANCISCO, ,Jan. 2 8.-j.iditi on al advices by the steamer Beigic from China announces the complete annihi lation by earthquake of the town of Kuchan, Persia. T welve thousand per sons were killed in the a wful disaster. Tion thousand corpses have been recov ered to date. The once important and beautiful city of 20,000 people Is now only a scene of death, desolation arnd terror. Fifty thousand cattle were do. stroyed at the same time. A Bad Tale, AU&vsTA, Ga., Jma. 28.--Miss Liaalo Turner, of Emanuel county, ,who has been visiting relatives in Augusta, committed suicide by taking laudnutm last night. Sihe was round across the river from Augusta in South CJarolana, in an old deserted church, a desolate spot, by some boys who were going in there out of the rain. .Disappointment in love is annnnsedt e he c. - A BIG WAR HISTORY. The Story of the Lato War to bo Fiushed Soon. WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 2.v-The biggest literary work ever undertaken in America is the military history now being produced by Uncle Sam, under the litle of "War of the Rebellion, a Compilation of tlte Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.' It is the largest history ever published in the world. It was begun just t wen ty years ago and will be practically fln isled at the end of the next fiscal year. The whole work when completed will embraco 120 hugo royal octavo volumes of 1,000 pages each, and a gigantic at las, and the ultimate cost will be some thing like $2,500,000. Each separate book in a set is three inches thick and weighs from 50 to 60 ounces, and the combined weight of an entire set will be 520 pounds, while the volumes, if set up In a row on a single shelf of one's library, would extend a distance of 30 feet. Eleven thousand copies will be printed, so that the edition will comprise 1,320,000 books of 1,000 printed pages, aggregating 1,320,000,000 pages of matter, exclusive of the atlas. Up to this date 89 serial volumes haN e been published and about $1,800, 000 has been spent in all branches of the work, or about $20,000 per volume. The printing and binding alone cost 10,000 per volume, while the previous preparation of each volume for the printer's hands cost an equal sum of 910,000,_ The completed work will embrace four series, The first deals in regular chronological.orderiwith all the military operations in the field; the second with oicial correspondence and reports on both sides relating to prisoners of war; the third will cover matters not spec ially related to the subjects treated in the first and second, while the tourth will exhibit the correspondence, or lers, reports and returns of the Con federate authorities in the same line as those of the Union officials set forth in the third series. The method of treatment pursued throughout is altogether impartial and non-pattisan. Nothing is printed in the volumes except duly authenticated contemporaneous records of the war, and newspaper accounts and private reporta are rigidly exclude 1. The story of this story of the war the most extraordinary history of the most extraordinary war on record-is full of interest. The manner of its publication Is in many respects unique, and some of the methods employed are peculiar to itself. The first definite step to execute the gigantic work were taken in 1874, when Congress passed a law providing the necessary means to enable the Secretary of War to begin publIcation; but some essential pre liminaries were gone through with ten years before that date. Since then the work has passed through many inter esting stages; but it has all been so carefully done as to be perfectly har monious and complete. Every available source of first-hand information has been ransacked, and contributions of official papers that do not hapoen to be on file in the depart ment are being recovered in all parts of the country. Many of these papers are autograph messages and reports writ ten by the oflicers in command of the various armies and divisions engaged in, the struggle, and altogether they form a primeless collection. The distribution of the printed vol umes as they come out is conductcd on an unusual plan in accordance with a law of the 47th Congress, passed in 1882. Of the 11,000 copies ordered to be printed 1,000 are set aside for the vari ous executive departments; 1,000 are reserved for distribution by the Secre tary or WVar among army oflicers and contributors to the wvork; 8,300 copies are being sent to such libraries, posts, organlzations and Individuals as were designated to receive them by Senators, Representatives and dlelegates of the 47th Congress, and the 700 copies over are for sale at the war department, (with a possible 500 more, owing to the dleath of -original beneficiaries,) at 10 per cent above the bare cost of print ing, the proceeds to be covered into the treasury. The books can be had at the department by purchase at from 50 to 85 cents per volume, if bound in black clothb, and $1 extra per volume if bound in half Turkey. None can be had free on application. The 89 serial parts already puiblished can be got for $56.10 in cloth. The atlas, when com plete, will cost $12, or 410 cents a part, there being 30 parts. Suplemental to this vast mass of war records, now nearing completion, will he "Naval Liecords of the Rebel lion," which is about to be begun on a plan similar to that ol' the army rec ords, though on a much smaller scale, Gen.GOordong Lecture. WASIIINGTONT Jan, 27-General John P. Gordon delivered his famous lecture, "The Last Days of the Confeder acy," at Convention Hall, boforo an audiernce of 9,000 persons. General Scho field comnmandler-in-chief of the Uni ted States Army presided andl half a hun cired men of prominece, consisting of Union Generals, Con federate Generals Senators and Representatives Repub lican and Democratic acted as vice pres idenuts. Old war flages of both armies were placed on the stage and heartIly applauded. The lecturer was in good voice and his description of the closing scens at Appamattox were lIstened to with the closest attention, The proceed of the lecture which wvili net a hand some sum are to be turned over to En sampment No. 619, Union Veterans Legion and the Con federate Veteran AssocIation of the District, evenly anid be distibuted among the needy mom bera, Georgia win,'. WASHINGTON, Jfan. 29.-The Suupreme D~ourt of the United States afirmned thue validity and constitutionality of the law passed by the Georgia Legislature Dotober 16, 1889, providing for the tax ution of the unlocated, transitory prop arty of the railroads of that State. By bbe terms or this law, the property of a railroad was to be divided for taxation among the counties through which it runs, in the prepositIon that the num ber of miles in each county bore to the full mileage of the road in the State. The Coluimbus Southern Railroad Com pany suied for an injunction to restrain the collection of taxes assessed under this law, upon the ground that it was repugnant to the provIsions of the fourteenth amendment to the Consti bion, which giuarantees the equal pro tection of the laws of every State to the inhabitants of that wtate, FULL OF FIGIIT. THE LAW AND ORDER LEAGUE MEAN8 BUSINESS. Its JackSon1vnlo Agent Instructed to Upare No Expenso In Endeavoring to Bring the Uorbett-Miteholl Crowd to Punish mOnt JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Jan. 29.-The law and order league has resolved to make it lively for the prinepals and the alders and abettors in the Corbett Mitchell prize fight. To-night Rev. W. N. Connoly, local agent of- the league, called on the Southern Associ ated press correspondent and asked that the following statement be made: "In the matter of the prize light, we hold the injunction granted by Judge Call was an evasion of prescibed ;stat uwes, and if the State I authorites do not very soon bring the matter up for review in the Suprenme Court the league will do so. I have heard that the Gov ernor has instructed the Attorney Gen eral to follow this line of action." "What provisions have been made to prosecute this matter ?" "The International League has placed ample funds at the disposal of its local agents for this purpose and has given instructions for the suit to be pushed forward at the first sign of weakening on the part of the State. "The league is determined that such an exhibition as took place in this city Thursday shall not be repeated in the country if means can be found to pre vent it. It wae called a glove contest, but Mitchell was rendered entirley un conscious from the terrilc force of a blow and that it would end in this manner, in favor of one or the other fighter, was fully foreseen as I understand that a Unish flght means a fight until one of the men is unable t0 respond when time is called." Mr. Bowden, manager of the Duval Athletic Club, denies emphatically that he has left the Duval Athletle Chlb. "Aud," says he, "there is not a word of truth in the statement that the club has disbanded. It hasn't disbanded. I haven't left and I haven't heard any complaint from the other members with the possible excep tiou of one of my management. We have found that prize fights are not against the laws and after all this trou ble and expense it would be foolish for me to phil out. Tis club owns rights, which are valuable. One of them is a lease on a part of the fair grounds. I'm not going to throw that 'up." Will the club'offered a purse for Fitz simmons and Creendon? "As it now stands it will not." "Will it offer purses for any other events ?" "None that I know of yet: We don't know exactly what we are going to do. But we haven't disbanded." An Honest Man. WASnINGTON, Jan.29.-Several days ago Representative Sibley of Pennsyl. vania resigned his seat in the House. He was not In sympathy with the tar iff bill. lie felt that he could not con sistently support it, and he thought it better to retire from public life and per mit his constituents to elect a succes sor who would more properly reprcsent their wishes. The resignation met with a storm of protests from many of the leading members of his party. Sib ley went over to Harrisburg Saturday and had a conference with Governor Pattison. The Governor urged him to reconsider his resignation, his argu ment being that his withdrawal from Congress at this time would work more injury to the party organization than any action which Sibley might take re garding the tariff bill. Sibley received a number of telegrams today from his constituents urging him to withdraw his resignation and serve out his term. in compliance with these requests Sib ley has decided to remain, but this de cision will not affect his action upon the tariff bill, lie is still unalteredly opposed to that measure, and will vote -against it. May Got the Uoy. WILKESIIARREx, Pa., Jan.- 30.-The police on Saturday discovered a clue which led them to suspect an Italian organ grinder named Rocel of kidnap ping little Eddie Brotherton, of Ash. bey, who disappeared from his home last Friday. They found three school children who claim they saw the organ grinder's little girl, a child of 13, pull ing the boy along the street. Detec tives were put on the track of Rocel and they located him in Scranton. He and his daughter are now locked up in, this city. The quarters where the ar rest was made were thoroughly search ed, but there was no trace of the miss ing boy. Rtocel was questioned and dlenied seeing the child. ils daughter admitted she took the child from a group of children. Later, when talk ing with Mayor Nt~chols, she said she had never seen the little fellow, but she contradicted herself several times when explaining the movements of herself and her father' When the father was searched he had $15 in bills besides same small change. The de tectives hope to compel the italian to confess the whereabouts of the boy. Pension Thief Caught, CHtATTANOOGA, Tenn;, Jan. 30.-Rev C. W.. Lewis, colored, with many aliases was iled today by Special Pension Examiner Fitzpatrick, and the most gigantic pension frauds ever known in the South have been unearthed, which will lead to the arrest ol' probably a hundred negroes implicated with Lew is in s windling the Government. Le w is himself drew a fat pension, and on evidence of his own manufacture se cured pensions for othiers. lie appeared as a witness in numberless cases and stole a notary's seals and forged the names of notaries to false aflidlavits. lie has operated hero, in Kansas City, New Orleans and other points. There are twenty-seven charges against him up to this time, and more are coming ".A Scramblej for theo Jonds. WABJIINGTON, .Jan- 31.-At the close of business today, the offers for bonds aggregated $55,000,000, ive million more than the amount secretary Car lisle will sell. Telegrams were received f rom various parts of the country, stat tng that additional offers wold~ be sent tomorrow before 12 o'clock, the time at which all bids will be closedl. It is unD derstood that most of the larger offers wore at a figutre slightly above the up set prie of $117,233.