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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, April 12, 1894, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026913/1894-04-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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None ofthe Teastlnonv isefore the Co'O
ner'a Jury will be Given 1or Publication
Until the Came la Closed-Cor myE zlon of
the Jury.
DARLINGTON, S. C, April 4.-The
coroner's inquest into the terrible trag
edy which has so powerfully stirred
this State. began this morning at 10 C
o'clock before Coroner Parnell.
The inquest was begun in a little
room at the depot of the Cherew & Dar
lington Road. The room is about 14 by
16 feet. The only door to it leads to
the platform on which the constables
stood when they were fighting with the
citizens. Within ten feet of it is where a
Constable Pepper fell with a bullet in
his heart. Fitteen feet away is where
young Norment drew his last breath
and twenty-five short steps to the .
West on the railroad track, is where
Redmobd fell dead. .
The *dnly furniture in the rooim is a
stove, together with a number of the
usual seats seen in a railroad station, e
seats divided by small irbn bars. The I
room has long been used as a waiting c
room for passengers. The ceiling at s
different places is cracked. Two win- r
dows on the Soutl side look out on a
dreary scene. The depot is at the
Northeastern part of the city and the I
houses of the people close together af
ter it is passed. A little slot in the wall a
is where the passengers put their mon. d
ey through to get.t tickets. t
I do not believe that a description has I
ever been given (f the scene of the bat- C
tle. It would not make an enchanting t
picture, but in view of the absorbing.
interest taken in anything connected
with the affair I will attempt to tell of
it. Picture to yourself a brick depot, (
probably seventy-five feet long. Two
tracks of the' Cheraw and Darlington r
Road run right in front of it, the plat- C
form of the depot being within six
Inches of one track. .Just opposite the
distance separating it being that of the
two trackb, is a long platform. It is 0
about four feet off the ground. Part of I
it. is covered, but is open on the sides. I
Under the covered portion is stored a <
few sacks of guano. Besides these are v
two pair of trucks and a pair of scales. F
A hundred yards away is the Darling
ton Phosphate Works and in the rear
are smaall stores and a few dilapidated
The depot is like that seen in most
towns of its size One end of It, and
the largest, is used for freight purposes.
Tbe othe r is for the passenger buint-ss
Over one or the large treight. doors is a
white sign board with the word "Dar
itigtoti" painted in blaek letters on it.
Over the door of the room where the
Inquest ie in prosress is this sign board
"Wadesboro 55 miles. Darlington.
Florence 10 miles."
Nearly unaer this sign board is where
the constables were standing when he L
fighting began. On the railroad track t
to the West are spots of blood, almost
covered by sand. This blood was shed
by Redmond. Pepper was killed near e
the Southern end of the platform and
Mr. Norment fell between the two. I
was told today that Redmond was
killed by the constables under the im- I
pression that he was C. S. McCullough,
the prcsident of the phosphate works.
It i said that Mr. McCullougn fired
the second shot in the affray. The con
stables knew this and weretunxious to I
kill him.
Going toward the town from the do
pot. is a sandy street and it is over a I
mile to the heart of the city. It can
thus be seen how the constables had
time to get away before the infuriated
cit izens could get from the city to the I
depot and begin pursuit. IG took sev
eral minutes before the news reached
the town and it took longer for the peo
ple to ahn~ themselves and start on the
hunt. The constables availed them
selves of this time and fled across the
open country to some woods a half
mile to the North west.
In the absence of E. Keith Dar
gan, who went to Colu mhta, Gao. WV.
Brown appeared as the attorney to 1
represent the civil aut horities and de
velop tne testimony for that side. Mr.
Dargan is expected to return this af
ternoon. .No attorney for the State
was on hand, although it was said that
the Solicitor of this circuit had been
telegraphed for and was supposed to be
on his way here.
After the calling of the jurors Attor
ney Brown announced to the Coroner
that he was ready to begin the examilna
ation of witinesse's. Mr. Brown said ho I
took it for granted that if witnesses I
ar'd absent the inquest would be post.
poned from day to daty until they aip
Mr. Brown in luired of Coroner Par
nell if he had issued warrants for the
constables and was informed that he
had . This, therefore, puits all the con
stables in the position of defendants.
U~p to this timo no warliants have been
sworn out for citizens.
Coroner PatrnelJ is about 50 years old.
lie is about five feet, nine inches high
and has a partially gray moustache.
Hie carried in his hand this morning a
small Testatwent and a'statute book.
The jurors drawn by him are as fol
lows: J. G. Mc~ali, foreman, a mer.
chant; P.E. Cooper,a brickmason;-G.
M. ilil, clerk; J. R1. Anderson, factory
operative; 1P. (- Friaway,affactory op.
orative; T. J. Browon, cierk; J. 0. Muli
drew, druggist; P. Ri. Pierce, butcher;
E WV. Sutton, photographer; (1. 1'.
Flerce, farmer and butcher; Abner
Gibson, carpenter; J. A. Smi th, auc
I asked the corner If he knew the po
litical corn plexion of the jurors. lie
said that three of them are suppbsed to
be Tihimanites, two Repubicans, three
dloubt ful and the others straightouts. I
One of the jurors is a colored man.
Wifh the jury of twelve citizens sat
a nDiiitary court of inquiry, as it 'is
*. called, flve militiamen appointed by
Gen. Rtich bourg at the instance of Gay
* ernor f illman. These genatlem.on, Capt.
J. A. Money, Butler G3uards; C ipt,, II.
J. Harvey, Gordon Light Da"goons;
Bergi'nt J. C, Cooper, Satley Rifi s; (Cr- I
poral A .D, Mii'eral,lHamnput Guards,
and Privar eF. Hi. Dantzier, Fi ,rt Motto
.(Gnar ds, have tbeen Instrut d to hear
the evideince given and make a special 1
report to tne Governor. Not only news
paper correspondents but all ctettish
vn ho were no~t jurors or witnesses were i
excluded from the court. Tne testi- I
monxy is being taken ny court Sten..g. 1
.raphers snd will1 nor, be made pubic il
,gation. This is undoubtledly the
isest and safest course to pursue, for
>y the time the stenographers complete
heir work and transcribe ,heir notes
he constaliles and the military will be
)eyond the borders of Darlington.
The constables are all here, having
rrived today and surrendered to Gen.
tichbourg. Nobody in this city had
my idea what time the constables
vould arrive. Gen. tichbourg and his
flicers were the only men posted and
vith the int!itary secrecy which has
haracterizr.d their dealings have said
Lothing. About 6.30 in the afternoon
our companies of troops were formed
n the public square, and were march
d in a round-about way to the very
epot where the bloody tight had oc
urred. They were then posted a few
set apart and given the strictest or
era not to admit anybody within the
fnes. This order was literally complied
;ith. Even passengers who wanted to
et off on the train hAd hard work to
,ass, ar;d then it was only by order of
len. Rtichbourg and Major Newnham
eho were present and in charge of the
rrangements to receive the constables.
'he train was an hour late and about
orty or fifty people were at the depot.
leneral Ritchhourg asked a discreet cit.
en to notify him if he saw the least
videnco of any hostile demonstrationi.
le said that the constables would
ome fully armed, but that they would
urrender to him immediately on ar
Lying and would leave their arms in
he car which they had occupied. Two
I m gas lamps flickered on the depot
latform and shed a sad and sickly
ight on the. motionless soldiers who
tood with fixed bayonets. The sol
ters were lined up on every side of the
rack. The Coroner's inquest was in
rogress in the little room, and the
onstables alighted from the train on
de very spot on which they had fought
tat Friday afternoon.
To Unite the West and South.
WASHINGTON. April 4.-President
3levelanw's veto of the Bland bill has
asulted in a proposition for a national
onvention of the West and South to
rm a new political party based on the
emand for the free coinage of silver.
'lie proposition comes fromcertain rad
,al Democratic Congressmen, who be.
eve that the time has arrived when the
arty's salvatiom in the West andl 4outh
emauds that it should repudiate at once
nd forever Eastern domination in flu
ricial p-Ahties. Western and S8uthern
)emocrats who are at the head of this
n vement declare that the veto of the
3lurd bill shows that the administra
ion has st its face toward the single
loid -stajudard.
IR p, :e 'ative McLauriu (Dem.) cf
51lu.h t.r Iia has taken the bold initia
ive iu :.t-is t-ip He has prepared the
>roposition, and it will he followed, he
avebya cal! eigned by Democratic il
er Congressmen. Concerning the
rievement he authorizas the lollowing
"It, seems to we that the condlition of
ur country is such as it should impel
tue men to rise above ptrtisan and tao
(oual considerations.
'The veto of the reigniorage bill by
e1scident Cleveland forces a distinct is
u between the South and the West
.nd the East and the North. The S>uLh
nd the West a e the borrowing and
iroducing sections, while the Njorth and
lie E st ai e the lonninY and consuming
ections. The South and the West do
naud higher prices for their products,
vhich is but ano.her name for cheaper
noney. The North and E ist are str'v
ng for cheaper products, which in turn
a simply another name for dearer
"in this manner the two general di
risisons of the country are arrayed
iuainst each oether. Toe North and East
mave for many years controlled m.11 leg isla
l:n, and as a natural rosult have enact
'd laws fivorable to their own section
mud agaiinst, the South and West,
"The mnone', of the country has been
~radually and almost surreptitiously
aken from the people, and as a neces
ary sequence the prices of all products
ave declined.
"This manip~ulation of the currency
ans continued until every product of the
oath and West are to-day sold for less
han the cost of production. The result
nt eacect of theme abnormrlly low prices
i seena in the rapid accumulation of
ebts and t~he increasmng distress among
he people.
"1 beheve the time has come when
he South and WVest sfimild unite in ones
mnghty (fro)rt for self protcetion. 1 want,
o see the entton planter of my own sec
ion and the wheat produacer of the West
intie and make a contest for higher
irces andl happer conditons."
Impost mel. It 'Jvae.
SUMTER,8S. Os, April 4.*-Your cor
espondent learned today that Chief
Jonstable Gaillard bad had a conversa
Ion with Col. 1). J. Auld, of this city,
mn the evening of the tight in Datrling
on and that he had given information
wvhich abould be made known to the
mublic. I called on Col. Auld and he
mnbstantiated what I bad heard, which
a in substance as follows: That he
Gaillard) had for several days previous
~o this light found great dialiculty in
~estraining his men from getting into
fight; that the men wanted to tight;
~hat several of them were desperate
and reckless fellows; that they were
eaving Darlington mad because they
lad not been allow ed to fIght. iThis
:onversation took place ou board of
he Charleston, Sumter and Nor thern
rain the aftereoon of the riot, anid
esfore Gaillard knew what had hap
ened at the Atlantic Coast Line depot.
[t is also a fact that these men, who
)recipltated the fight, had been drink
ng all day. Mr. W. Hi. Commander, a
:itizern of Sumrer and a nephew of
Sheriff Scarborough's wife was at the
iome of the 80ierif on Frlday, March
10. and positively assert9 that many of
hem were drinking and at least six
i'ere drunk.-Nes and Courier.
A Prui Peat.
WASIIINOTON, April 3.--The San
los~ scadl.-, aui m.s5et whith has proved
no4ti. estucive to orchards fin 041t
ornici, h-is appeared at Da Fuiak
iprue.ps. Fla., and I'vsrsade, Mdl. In
duir I . d an orchard of 300 peaIch anid
~pplU a va has been pr actically . ruined
is ihe pet Che insect made its (irst
ppearan~ce in the eastern states last
ear at Cnariottsvlle, Va., wbere the~
tate boarnd of agriculture, with 'th
.elp of *beC departmeot of agrioultuore,
an just completed operationa which, ii
hoped, have destroyed it hia.that Io
SBy He Will Rlule the St te, bi-t Did N. t
Agaravate Matters-Pol o to be Used to
Enforce the Dispeontary Law.
COLUMI[A, S. C., April 4.-This
morning about 10:30 all the troops sta
tioned at the penitentiary numbering
about 400 were marched to the front of
the State House by the Governor'd oi
ders. He intended to dismiss them from
the city but before leaving he wanted to
make them an address. After they bud
neen properly lined out the Governor
accompanied by Cols. Mixon and Watts
appeared at the middle door and advanced
to the firat step. Citizms generally
were crowded on the steps but Tillman
ordered them to stand back and give
him plenty of room. When the crowd
made an opening for him the Governor
advanced and spoke as follows:
Citizen Soldiers, Volunteers and Fel.
low Citizens:
South Carolina today is attracting the
attention of all the United States. The
situation here ia so grave and anomalous
that it is proper that a clear and official
statement go forth -an analysis of the
causes that brought it about. As Gover
nor of the entire people (and I have never
sought to be anything else) it is b !st
that the statement come from me. All
are familiar with the occurrances of the
past few days.
There has been a conflict between
citizes and officers of the law. The
cause of it all was those who resist the
enforcement of the dispensary because
they say it is tyranical, invades private
rights, is unconstitutional and should not
be enforced. This is a qu!stion that
should not be fettled by armsbut by the
ballot. Let us look for a moment at
the consequences, it the claim set forth
that private residences can't be searched
for contraband liquor. Wby it amounts
to a repeal of the dispensary law in an
unconstitutional way If a man can
keep whiskey in his house and make a
saloon of it or it he keeps and carries it
in his pocket or other ' Ise io saloons
tien it is useless to have a di3jlensary
Tbii law has been enacted t- 1-e plen
ple. I, is on the statute bookd and I
have sworn to surporL the laws of the
State. Until this law is repealed, so help
me Gvd, [ exercise every power given rme
to see that it Is obe3ed, (loud cheeri.)
I am not here to discues the whys or
whert fores, t .e ad vantage a or disadvtn t
agea of the dispensary. It will be au is
sue in the nex. cambpaign and then you
can decide whether N ou want it continued
or not.
When thie collision at Darlhngton oc
cured the ne ?s was flash, d all over 'lhe
country that 100 men were out, in pur
suit of the constables. How do the lac's
bear out the statementi? The consta
bles had (lone their duty and had gone to
the depot. They had been seUt
there and the chief constable
and others had been sent be
cause the mayor had allowed them to
be insulted and cursed to their faces, A
mob had broken into the amory and stol
en the guns and we had the spect %c:e of
citizens (f the State ee'zing State pro
perty to shoot down StLate <(filcers. I
was informed that the guns had been re
turned but not having confldence in Capt.
Thompson I ordered |the Sumter com
pany to go there. They wen6 and every
thinag being reported quiet, I ordered
them back home.
T wo boys, mete strip~lings, got into a
fight and soon 50'mna armed to the teeth
went to the depot. They piclted a quar
rel with the constables and men on both
side were killed. Tb'lc fault cannot be
clearly placed and probably never will
he known, but if' ever it is it will be
found that the coostables simply did
their duty.
The mayor says the arms were stolen
in fun but this shot of fun occurred else
where and some of the compames were
actuAlly in mutiny. lBut thank God, there
were some brave men who responded
and you soldiers and boyti are hero today
as an evidence that no aligarchy will
ever rule this State again. (Cheers.)
The mayor tries to luay the blame on
me by saying that I exercised p~ower
that no Governor had ever attempted.
Bunt when these troops--these band
box soldiers-were ordered out they re
fuised to obey being influenced by politi.
cal rancor and men even went so tar as
to cffsr assistance. It can't be dispro-'ed
that the Darlington hunting contables
are not, l5nchers at heart. The mayor
said he had a right to arrest them but he
had no right to ao with armed m'en hunt,
ing them unless accompanied by the
sheriff or some lawful constable. The
thing has its rIdiculous side too and it
looks like a big April fool ioke. Ihere
a-e men admittIng themselves to be
lynchers prancing around the cotunty
hunting for a few constables and there
hasn't been a shot, fled since the row
at the dlepot. They didn't, want to fiod
them. Whby dlidn', they lynch the man
they had in their power who was admit
ied to be in the row. They slandered
themselves by proclaiming they would
lynch nmen whom they dido't wsnt to
when they haid one in their power.
In 1876 1 witnessed a iscene on this
very spot when this whole explanade
clear to the moument, wasu crowded
wihh men indignanit that lie S ate H,>tuse
had been seez-d by tr.ops. I was there.
We were all ot one( 11und( th~en. We
were all brothers, friends, Cair,>liaas and]
patri ts. To.'day we are two hoslit
camlus bec ,usi Ihn mtuarity do't
want the nu j >riLty to rb h
'. dy politic i, dIieandI-i in, a fvr
Trio p3Oti~e of Ubham letoniht (o C..umn
hia have taken into t '-r o) "'tu
a viper Ina the shape (f i o oV e
which daily deal out veinim. My ti
to abuse me by alanoer aiind uerepre.
senmation but I wear a coat I, mi 1)01
that they have never pierc..d which is
an honest heart working for the b.'t
a mod of' the State andl its people. T:ase
aannot go on else we will have civil
war. I deny that we are responsible
,or this trouble. The opposers of the
aw must realize at once that they '
nust submit. These two newspapers
will not let the wound heal. They keep
,he wound open and daily pour poison
n it, and they are aided and abetted
)y the whiskey men and their sympa.
When the news of the collision at
Darlington was flashed all over the
:ountry lying reporters said that ex
plosion wpuld come. That there was
in arsenal of powder in the State and t
he spark would soon be dropped in It. a
1hey said civil war would come, but j
,t didn't. It cannot come for the peo- g
ple are in the saddle and Intend to re- c
main there. (Cheers.) t
Theee men would destroy the State if c
they could only destroy me. The re- C
port has been sent abroad that my 8
ife was daily in danger. One promi
nent citizen told Mr. Yeldel, from my
own county, that he had a shot gun
ind came here to kill me. I can get
bis name if neceadary. I have never
felt any doubt as to my personal
safety. I have remained at the man
sion perfectly safe but rather than
gratify my enemies by giving up to
them I would have gone out there a
The barroom element is at the bot
tom cf it all, and the rulers of the
ormer olegarchy are encouraging them
and this row is the result of political
Frenzy. These lives are offerings to
the moloch of whiskey. The dealers de
alare that they will resume their in.
quitous business and they propose to
do so by selling whiskey from their
residences. Shall the demon have any
more victories? I don't Intend for
them to have any more if I can help it.
Here somebody standing near the
Governor was talking: "Shut up
there," Tillman said and resumed.
I shall not budge one Inch but shall
continue to carry out the will of the
people. I'm not going to aggravate the
situation but I'm going to let the peo
ple know tomorrow by a proclamation
what I intend to do.
The General Statutes of the States are
a min& of wealth, wisdom and strength.
What would I have been able to do
had I not been empowered to control
the telegraph and railroad companies
and keep assistance from the ineur
gents and lying reports to go out and
turther influence the people? But I
have another sword of Domocles to
suspend over the heads ot the insurgents
and I will cut the string tomorrow.
Section 519 of the S'.atutes gives me
power to take control of the police of
The State and mayors and city councils
must campel them to carry out the law.
[ intend to see that the police do their
duty or I'll discharge every man of
them. - I intend to control and will not
surrender. The laws must he obeyed.
Some one away back In the crowd
veiled out: "Why don't you obey the
i .w?''
"Whercin have I broken any law,
Oir"' was the response.
The militia and the volunteers then
commenced yelling, "arrest him," "run
him off." One man hollered "shoot
him," and it looked as if ranks would
be broken and a riot precipitated. Col.
Mixon was the first to call out "hush"
and Governor Tillman waving his
hand said in imperative tones, "stop.
Stop I tell you," The militia did stop
and what might have been a serious af
fair was averted. GovernorTillman re
sumed his speech and continuing said:
If the people want the dispensary they
can have it. Those that don't want It
have got to take it. Hereafter 1 shall
conflue the constables to the duty of
watching police PRnd reporting to me
whether they do their duty.
If the anthorities of the cities and
towns don't co-operate with me the
Legislature will be called and laws
will be made giving me power to re
move these mein and putting In their
places peoiile who will carry out the
law. Private houses will continue to
be searched. With an extra session In
sight the police must do their duty or
be renmoved.
Let the opposers of this law quit.
They tuust submit. I want harmony
and lpeace. I have not nor never will
negravati, the situation, but I cannot,
will not, dare not, submit to the will
of the minority. The people mast
govern. Rebellion must get oft the
track for the train is coming. I am
at the throttle and intend to get in on
Just as lhe said this he waved hIs
hand, turned around, and went in the
n ilding. ie was loudly cheered.
John Gary Evans then appeared and
read the following order No. 10.:
The emergency requiring the assemn
bling of troops at the capitol no longer
exists and the colonel commanding will
return them to their homes by the near
est practicable route on the first outgo
ing train. The commander of each
company of militia and volunteers will
give a certflcate to the railroad conduct
nra of the number of men transported
and to the point to which they go,
which will he a voucher to the railroads
for payiment of their service. The
Commander-in-Chief n the name of the
State extends thanks to the gallant and
patriotic soldiers and citizens, who at a
inoment's notice, dropped their various
avocations and pursuits to respond to
his call.
Their action is a stinging rebuke to
those companies which tailed to do their
dluty in this crisis when civil war and
anarchy seemed to stare us in the face.
[r. shows to the w'orl', however when
the masses of the people uphold the
governmenit treachery and mutiny can.i
not overthrow it.
Governor an'1 Commander-In-Chief
Trho volunteers then marched up
stairs in the State Ilouqe andl stacked
the arms given thoem. The troops then
lisanded and~ each company went to
ti-a to L'O home. Befor e leaving the
captains we.re Paid (off for their men.
Thiey got *1 a day and their board It
is untderstood that it will take at least
*15 000 to pay for "suppressing the in
surcto, Thle Governor yesterday
patid the Soutih Carolina rairoa't a
check fir tranorting troops. The
ot her roadls will be paid too but It will
be some time before all these bills can
ba settled
leeting of iho Stati Ittorm Execntive
Ooomintltte in Columbla-'iins for
Ho'ding iho vnve-itio --Au AddroFs to
COLUMBIA, S. C, ApI il 5.-The State
teform Executive Conmithee met in
he State House yesterday. There was
,full attendance of the com mittee.
Lfter the committee assembleu an or
anization was effected by the election
f Rev. J. A. Sligb, of Newhery,
emporary chairman, and Messrs. Diun.
an and Ott secretaries. 'The roll was
ailed and the following delegates re
Abbeville-1. H. McCalla.
Aiken-J. T. Gasten.
Anderson-D. K. Norris.
Barnwell-W. 1-. Duncan.
Berkeley-J. B. Morrison.
Charleaton-W. Gibbes Whaley.
Chester-J. C. Cunningham.
Cheaterfleld-W. G. Craig.
Colleton-L. E. Parlor.
Clarendon-Louis Apelt.
Darlington-E. L. Gray.
Edgefleld-J. M. Gaines.
Fairfleld--J. W. Lyles.
Florence-J. S. McCall.
Greenville-J. T. Austin.
Georgetown-J. C. Larrimore.
Hampton-W. II. Mauldin.
Horry--Mr. Stalvey.
Kershaw-T. J. Kirkland.
Lancaster-C.P. Wingard.
Laurens-J. A. Jones.
Lexington-C. M. Etlrd.
Marlboro- Mr. Napier.
Marion-James SLackhouse.
Newberry-J. A. Sligh.
Oconee-J. P. Pickett.
Oranwebnrg-J. William Stokes.
.Pickens-T. C. Robinson.
Richland-II. A. Deal.
Spartanburg-T. L. Gantt.
Sumter-II. R. Thomas.
Union-J. U. Oct.
Williamsburg-William Cooper.
York-R. T. Riggins.
As soon as the roll had been called
9r. Sligh suggested that it would be
well for the convention to decide at
mee what they would do about the
presence of people not members of the
Mr. Mc'alla, of Abbeville, said thai
in his opinion it would be best for E
Reform conference to be held aiongsl
Reformers exclubively. While tR'-form
era were not ashamed of anything the]
did, still something may be said tha
we don't want published to the world.
Mr. Deal opposed the motion of Mr
McCalla He said that reports of thi
meeting would go out any way, au
they might be misrepresented. Any
way Reformers were In a positioin ti
do business in the broad light, of day.
Mr. Pickett, of Oconee, raised t h
point of order that the debate was otw
of order as no permanent organiz-ifio
3ad been perfected.
McCalla stuck to it that outsiderj
)uaht to be excluded and Mr. Sligh
ruled that the Pickens delegate's poit
was not, well taken.
Mr. Efird argued that it was always
'he rule to have party consultat ions in
Mr. John W. Ly1ks;, of FaiTnield, of
rered an amendio-nt, that. U(formers
who were properly ouched for could
Mr. Mauldin said that everyone but
memobers should be excluded. This was
& conference of the ROieorm party and
lot of the Democracy.
Mr. McCalla said that this wa:s the
flost important conference in the his
ory of the party and nobody should
ce in it except members who would
lave to bear all the responsliilitius for
heir acts.
Mr. Larry Gantt observ'ed that he
would have no objectioni to the secre
~ary giving out the proceedings to the
ress, but that the debate shoutld he in
A member called for less talk andC
more work, whereupon Mr. Lyles
amendment was lost and the McCalla
motion prevailed and everybody left
Jhe hall except delegates.
The following report of the proceed.
ings after the committee went into ex.
acutive session, was furnished late lasi
aight by a special press committee ap
pointed for the purpose:
The chair then appointed Mr. J. 1i
E~lkins doorkeeper.
On motion of Mr. McCalla,the temipo
rary organization was then madle per
Col. J. T. Gaston of Aiken moved tt
hlave a convention of Reformners it
nominate a Reform candhidate for (1ov.
menr and Lieutenant Governor. T.ih<
motion was carried almost unanimous
A commnit'ce was then appointed b:
the chair, consisting of C. M. Elird, W
II. Mauldin, J. W. Stokes, D). K. Norrie
and T1. L. Gantt, on rules and regxula,
ions andi a manner of holding sait
convention. The convention then tools
a recess until 5 p. m.
At 5 o'clock the convention reassem.
bled and shortly thereafter tOne coin
mittee on plans entered the hall and
mubmittedl the following report:
We, the undersigned cominiuttee, beg
leave to submit the following rep~or ti
1. That a convention for the noiina
ion of State olileers be held in the cit.y
af Columnbiaon the 14th day of August,
2. That said convention be composed
af delegates to be elected by conven
Lions to be held in each count y on the
ith day of August, 18914, each county
beinag entitled to diouble as many del
gates as it is entitled to re'presenta
tives in both branches of the General
3. That the county conventions afore
laid be composed of delegates elected
by the various Rteform clubs in the
sounty, each club to send one de
gatei for each twenty five lR-formers or
majority faction thereof. In those
~ounties where there are no is' int
iteformn clubs the Reform member~s of
each1 club shall be c tlled by the Execu
lye Reform Committeemen to muet
it I he usual place of' mfeetilng aind elect
lelegates as aforesaid, to the couunu-v
sonivention. For I he p~urp)ose of s:id
'lection the clubs afor.sai shalt be
:alle-d t~o meet on the 4-h day ot Au
lust, 1854. At sunch mt-wig no im-rm
Jer Snall particinate except suchi
as voted for the lt--erm ('f-gates8 ti
he August primary o 1893, atoual
athers who will pledge i mselive-s ti
bide by and supuort 'he 10 form tick
5! of the State Reform ohuvenutioun o:
4. That each Reform candidate for
Governor and Lieutenant Governor
shall 1ile vith the chairman of the
committee thirty days previous to the
meeting of said convention a written
plcdge to abide by the action of the
con ention herein called and support
its nominees.
Respectftully submitted,
C. UL EFInn, Chairman,
For the Committee.
The report was adopted.
Oa motion of Mr. Pickett the chair
appointed Dr.Stokes, J. A bligh, J. C.
Ott, C. M. Elird and J. T. Austin as a
conmittee to prepare an address to the
lIeformers of South Carolina.
The chair appointed as a press com
mittee 11. A. Deal, J. C. Ott and W. 11.
The following resolution offered by
U. Al. Ellrd, was adopted:
lesolved, That the Reformers at
tending the various club meetings call
cd by the committee on the 4th day of
August, 189.1, be requested to express
their choice for Governor of this State
and that, the chairman of the delega
tion of the each club to the county con
vent ioll be required to make return of
said choice to the county conventioh
held on the thl day of August, 1894.
Mr. J. T. Austin offered the follow
Ing resolution and it was unanimously
adopted by a rising vote:
Resolve(l, Tnat we, the representa
tives of the Reform party of South
Carolina, in convention assembled, do
most heartily approve of the action of
his Excellency, Governor B. I. Till.
Iman, for the prompt manner in which
he acted during the past week in sup
pressing violence and disorder and in
maintaining the supremacy of the law.
T. L. Gantt moved that the thanks
of the convention be tendered to the
chair, secretaries and doorkeeper for
the ellicient discharge of their respect
ive duties.
On motion, the convention adjourn
ed, sutiject to the call of the chairman.
The address was issued about 1:30
o'clock this morning and reads as fol
Feur years ago, after years of strug
gle in the arena of reason, with the
torces of wealth and culture and
trained leadership combined against us
-a combination conildent, exultant in
the pride and prestige of power long
enjoyed-the Reformers of the State
joined issue squarely before the peopli
and at the ballat box won their fight
by an overwhelming majority. Bul
the struggle did not end there. At
active, intelligent and aggressive mi
nority has kept up the fight with a te
nacity that, in a better cause would
L comind the admiration os all men
Every resource known to legislativ
and j-d(icial obs'ructionists has beei
lain under tribute to retard the per
formance of the pledges of the Reform
ets of the State to the people of thi
SStai e, and to defeat the operation o
these pledges even after enacted int<
Notwithstanding this active an(
skillful opposition, under the most
a(roit and astute laedership, we have
performed every pledge made to the
peoplo in 1890, in so far as such pledges
can tic performed uider the organic
law of the State. We have worked out
Ihe refi rns we promised the people
ani more than we promised. With a
clear record behind os, we now stand
face to face with the future, ready and
eager to grapple with new questions
and new isuets that shall make for the
upbutildiog of the material prosperity
of tWe entire people in larger degree
and upon broader lines than ever be
Moreover with full control of every
department. of ths machinery of gov
ernment., with a constituency unilled
anti solidiiued by successful struggle,
we are mn position not only to project
lai ger tihings for the people, bat we are
in position t~o p~erform what we project.
Let us not rurget, however, that al
though we have rectified many of the
wrongs~ of the nast and accomplished
tie * eforms dlemfanided in 1890, there are
still importfant issues to be settled. In
carrying our, the pledges of the past,
(iuetions of the most vital and far
reaichinig import have been raised
(luestions that go to tihe very founda
tioni of governlment by the people. The
issuie has been squarely raisedl between
organlized capital and the organized
people by whose suffrage aggregation
of capital became p~ossible. Thle crea -
ture has grown so powerf ul and arro
gait, t ha!, it, has dared to measure arms
with its creator-the State. So hot
hauve the lteformers made this light
that corporate monopoly has been dri
ven fromn its cover and forced to fight
in the open lield, it's subitle grip upon
t he people1's throat has been loosened
andtu comiplete emancipation for the peo
.Ille is only a question of time. It is a
proper subiject for congratulatioo that
in this mighty struggle, world-like in
its scope Snuth Carolina Rteformers
-standi well out in the front. It only
nee di no0w that we be true to our prin-.
ci pies, to our coun try and to our peo
ple, and the victory is sure.
To insure continued success, a cer
tain aimouint of orgai' tion is neces -
sary, In I890O the necessary organiza
tioni was accomplishesd by a March con
venti on. For various and suflcient
reasonis such a convention was deemed
inexpecint this year; but after full
disenassion in the press, thme plan of
holding massi meetings to elect a State
Iteformi camcpaignm committee was
adopted. Meetings were held, commit
tot mzeni weie appointedl, and thiatcom
miti tce in its assembled wisdom formu.
latedl a plan of suggesting Rteform can
dhidates for Governor and Lieutenant
Governor. Tlhis plan, as will be seen
in the published proceedings meets all
I he rt quiremnts of a primary for
Governor and LIeutenant Governor.
It meetsa the reasonable aemnands of the
peoplei to0 see arid hear and question
every man who aspires to their suffrage
and( looks to the selection of that Ite
form catluiate who gets the moat Re
form votes. It provides for an open
ilbid for all who aspire to public pre
ferment, and it is a safe plan.
We comimendt this plan t~o the favor
able consideration of the Reformers of
theii Stat e Study it well; carry out its
provisionus faithfully and our move
ment will enter upon an era of broadem
anti higher usEfulnless than in the past
Let "very Reformer in the State dc
his u<tl'y and we will pile up a biggem
mne >ritiv for rule by the people that
ever before in our history.
. - . OTTS,
J. Tul(,MAs AU8TIN,
- C. St. ElvIno,
The Cvil and Millitary Jartes Agreo.em
ara1l Rchbiar4's Address to the Soldiers
Who are About to LeCv. for their
DARLINGTON, . C., April 65-The
coroner's jury returned a verdict late
this afternoon and the verdict is espe.
cially in accordance with what has al.
ready been published. The jury unan
imously returned a verdict fixing the
killing of the two citizens on McLen
don and Cai, and that of Constable
Pepper on Redmond. The military
court of Inquiry concurs unanimously
with this verdict, though the decision
of the court has not yet been officially
announced. The testimony of the con
stables alone was enough to fasten
guilt upon McLendon and Cain. and
the evidence against them, strong and
clear at all points. A jury composed
of Tillmanites, Conservatives and Re.
publicans had no difficulty in arriving
at a verdict. The main facts of the
case have all been published and the
entire testimony con(irms the published
accounts in every particular. The cor
oner will at once issue warrants for
the muraerers, who are now in the
hands of the military at Florence. It
is not known what jail will hold them,
but it is thought that they will be con
lined at Darlington or Columbia.
Gen. Richbourg made the following
address or announcement at 6 o'clock
this afternoon:
Headquarters 8. (. Troops,
Darlington, 8. C., April 5.
The general commanding the troops
here announces that all commands will
leave tomorrow morning. Instructions
will be given to break camp at a proper
hour to take the train.
On the eve of departure, he desires
to express his gratiflcation at the hand
some and soldierly conduct of the ofil
cers and men he has had the honor to
command. Their bearing has been uni
formly excellent and in very trying cir
cumstances has won for them the
thanks of the people of the State. They
have been helping to make history here
and can depend on history to vindicate
the position they have taken.
le desires to express special com
mendation of the conduct of the DArl
ington Guards and of their commander,
Capt. Hf. T. Thompson. The company
is a credit to its community and State.
Governor rillman, commander-in-chief
authorizes the following statement in
his behalf: "It affords me pleasure
with such lights as I have before me,
even at this distance to give expression
to my admiration for the conduct of
5 Capt. Thompson and his men. The
situation would have been much more
aggravated and the prospect of a satis
factory settlement of this unfortunate
affair much more remote, but for their
courage and devotion to duty."
Tho general commanding desires to
commend particularly the promptness
with which the Sally Rifles. Capt. Stead
man, and the Dibble Light Dragoons,
Lieut. Culler, responded to it sudden
call on the afternoon of the 4th inst.
Their conduct on that occasion demon
strates their value and efficiency and
was a credit to the volunteer forces of
the State. The general commanding
desires to express his thank-i to his staff
and field oflicers for the efficiency with
which they have performed their du
ties. Very much is due to their energy
and ability.
By order R. N. RiornouRG,
Brigadier General Commanding Second
Brigade South Carolina Troops.
CHAS. NEWHIAM, Acting Adjutant
The pay roll of the troops and ofil
cers stationed here and at Florence is
as follows
Dibble Light Dragoons.......8384.98
Sally Rifles--.-............ .... 593.48
Greenville Guards........... 208.78
Butler Guards............... 252.17
Maxwell Guards.............. 374.48
Hampton Guards............2.21
Palmetto Rifles............ 207.27
Morgan Rifles-.............74.48
Edgefleld Huassars............ 274.17
A bbeville Rifles.......... ....16.17
Fort Motte Guards..........10.17
Gordon Light Infantry........255.98
Darlingt -n Guards...........51812
Santee Rifles............... 301.55
Edgelleld Dragoons..........179.67
Gen. Rich bourg and the other officers
associated with him will receive in the
ag gregate $319.97.
The cost of maintainance and trans
portation is, of course, not included in
At the conclusion of the dress parade
this afternoon the soldiers pro posed
and gave three rousing and inspiring
cheers "For Mayor Dargan and the cit
izens of Darlington.' These cheers
wvere well and worthily given.
Hie Bought; the saloo n.
MONTGOMERY, Ala., April 4.-A
special to the Advertiser from Selma,
Ala., says: Rev. Byrd Moore, pastor
of the East Methodist Church, pur
chased the bar room of Moss Issason,
corner of Maxey and Water streets,
This barroom Is across the street from'
the East Tennesse railroad shops. Mr.
Moore carted off most of the liqnor and
then smashed the rest and let It go to
waste. He missed a few bottles of whis
key and a dozen or so bottles of beer.
The shop boys destroyed this in the
old fashioned way after the gfood man
had gone. The buying and dest.roying
of this saloon was an act of Christian
philanthropy that will be highly com
mented by all right thinking people.
If removes a temptation away from the
gateway into the shops, where some
300 men work.
PRESIDENT Cleveland seems to be
thoroughly discouraged. Hie is report
ed as having said to one of his friends:
"If I had known how hard it was go
ing to be, I doubt whether I would
have accepted the nomination. Nothing
could induce me to remain here a day
longer than I am compelled to stay."
is second term so far has certainly
and signally failed to fulfill the promise
of his 11 rat. It has been as remarkcable
for political blunders and unfortunate
administrative steps as his-' former
term was remarkable for being free of
Will B Trifid.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Aptil 5. -The Goy
ernor says that all of the constables
who were at the Cheraw and Darling-.
ton derot shall stand trial by the civil
law, without any interference from

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