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VOL. XXII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 1
THE TALE TOLD,
GEN. RICHBOURG'S REPORT OF TI
TROUBLE TO GOV. TILLrNAN,
An Iltareitig uoenmlent-What t
Troops ld--The cour t of Unquiry a
Its Vezdiot-rMOLendon and Ur
charged With murder.
COLUMiJIA, S. C., April 12.-Genel
Richbojirg has made his report of t
Darlington campaign to Governor TI
' man and it was given to the press lo
night. The report of General. Farl
had not been (Inished up to a late ho
last night. The testimony before t
Co oner has not been handed to Gove
The following is General Rioh bourg
- report and it contains a number of i
teresting matters which have not y
COLUMBIA, S. U., April 11, 1894.
To His Excellency Governor B. R. Ti
man Governor of Sonth Carolina.
Sir: I have the honor to hand y(
herewith a report of my proceedin
and a report of my command from t
81st day of March until the 6th day
April, inglusive. On the first nam<
day I ishalved from you the followli
"General Orders, No.1.
"Jn the absence of the Adjutant at
Inspector General, Brigadier Gener
R. N. Richbourg, Second Brigade,
placed in command for the present
all troops in the city ot Columbia or
arrive tllerein, He will be obeyed at
0 B. R. TILLMAN
"Governor and Commander-in.Uhief
"D. H. ToMrxiNs, Adj. and Se'y."
In accordance with the above ord
and verbal instructions from yourse
I repaired to the State Penitenfia
and took command of the troops the
assembled. Two companies were d
tailed to protect public property in th
city. The Edgefleld Rifles were plac<
at the State House and the Newber
Rifles at the Hotel Jerome, for theL pu
pose 2f protecting both State and loc
dispensaries. A patrol was Also deta:
ed for the city and a detachment ser
on my own motion, and by my order,
the Executive Mansion. All necessa
precaut ions were taken to pro, ect ti
city. On'Sunday morning, April 1st,
received the following order:
COLUMBIA, 4. C, April 1st, 1894.
"General Oro r No. 3:
"Gen. It N. Ricbbourg will immet
at-ly tane posti-esion of the two tel
graph offleea in this cit.y,plicing a lie
tenant and squ, d of soldi-rs in chari
This officer will be Ins' ruct ed to perm
no teleg.ams to be sent or received #
cept on commercial and private bu
ness and to and from these headqui
"Second-lie will immediately tal
st# pa to regain possession of the Sta
arms and ammunition taken from t
armories ot the Zouaves and Iichlai
Volunteers, With these guns he w
arm the other companies an the vi
"Third-He will deliver the accou
panyinu order to Lhe captains of ti
two companies of National Guard J
this cit.y,-to deliver to him temporari
for use in this emergency, the arn
and ammunition they have belongitr
to the companies or belonging to tl
State and give them receipts for tl
"Four-He will extend an order
Captain Bateman to assemoe the Go
ernor's Guards in uniform and ha'
him report with his command at ti
Executive Mansion, at half-past
A o'clock. "13. R. 'ILLMAN.
"Gov. and Commander-in-Chief.
"By the Governor:
"D. H-. To~rxINs, Sec. and Adj't."
The above order was strictly cor
plied with. A good, large force havit
assembled at the Penitentiary grount
. I received the following order, dilivt
ed to me at 2 p.m.
COLUMBIA, S. C., April 1st, 1894.
* "General Order, No. 4.
"Brigadier General RL. N. Rich bourg.
*"You wi'h take your command
Darlington by the 4 20 p. m. train th
afternoon, leaving the Newberry cot
.pfany, Capt. hicCaughrin, the Edge ile
* ~ ssax.' Captain Maya and the Gjove
nor's Guards, Captamn Bateman, in tb
cit y under the command of Col. R. I
I'-xson, of my staff, who will assun
e"'nmand in this city during your a
"The trwots will be quartered to tI
best ad vantage in your discretion,uair
the public building and hotels. At ti
latter you will arrange for plain foe
to be cooked for the men, furnishir
the supplies yourself. Thbe Comm isa
ry General will furnish you wIth
week's rations, uncooked.
"Martial law having been declare
you will take control of the telegral
offices .pnder the same conditions as y<
did in this city.
"You will confer with thie leadli
citizens as to the best methods of re
torinig peace and order, but your oin
judgment must govern. No asser
blages of citizens must he permitte
-and If necssary disarm the peo.ple ats
"If any seditious language isa us.
arrest promptly. If any reinforcemen
. to the insurgents begin to come In ye
will disarm them- promptly.
"Preserve rigid discipline, Ke.
troops under arms all the time to pr
vent surprises. Use the wires free
to keep me posted. Should you leal
that any insurgents are scattered aboi
the country, in armed bodies, you w:
move promptly and dilsarm the same.
"The purpose of your occupations
to rest ore order and ioinstate the cis
authorities. Allow the troops as litt
Intercourse with the people as posb
and reprtts sternly any disorderly co
duct on either side. B. Rt. TiILLMAN,
"Gov. and Commander-m-~uofe.
e "ID. H. TOMPIruNs, Adj. and See'y."
Compld ing n i n 5sa(1 order, i tot
'the fc i low hg comimantds and( pla5cc
them abhoai d the sa ecial train:
l%~lorgari Rifles, Capt. M. D) Mitche
50 00lice rs and men.
haX weh Guards, Capt. F..S. Evan
30.e flicers and men-l.
Eoieflield H ussarp, Capt.S. B. May.
22.e flkees a ard menr.
Sant.ee Rifl. a. C.'pt. P. W, B ill,
- oficers and men. *
Dii bi- Ltight~ Dragoons, Capt.. B. I
Mes, 31 ' iletrs and men.
Edigetteld Light Dragoons, 13 oflcie
Green ville Guards, Capt. W., P. Coi
gers, 14t'ffi'ers atnd mlenr.
Butleu Giuaids. Capt. J. A. Moone'
20Oeflicer a arla mlen.
"Palmetto Riles, Capt. A. W. Oakley
18 officers and men.
Atbbeville Rilles, Capt. J. L. Perrin,
4E 20 officers and men.
Sally Rifles, Capt. T. C. Steadman, 32
oflIcers and men.
Hampton Guards, Capt. J. 0. West.
ne -feld, 24 officers and men.
Fort Motte Guards, Cppt. R. M. Claf
nd fey, 14 officers and men.
in Gordon Light Dragoons, Capt. H. J.
Harvey, 21 officers and men.
Arriving at the depot at 5 p. n., we
al proceeded on cur way to Darlington,
airiving there. about 10.30 p. m. We
were met at the depot by Adjutant
at and Inspector Ganeral Farley and Capt.
s . T. Thompson, commanding the
5Y Darlington Guards, who escorted my
ir command into the city. Notice hav
ie Ing been sent from your headquarters
to the people of Darlington of the ap
, proach of my command, good order
. and quiet prevailed in the city. In
et accordance with your instructions, we
took possession of the court house,
opera house and various other halls
tendered 'uis by the citizens; also the
armory of the Darlington Guards, very
kindly tendered us by Captain Thomp
-on. There I made my headquarters.
t- here was some curiosity and excite
ment on the arrival of the troops as
)d manifested by the people and there was
some fear, As indicated by expressions
of leading men that promiscuous ar
rests were to be made. Upon proper
id assurances from me this feeling was
al somewhat quieted, and after making
is proper provisions for good order
D among the troops and the necessary
to guard around their quarters, and after
id delivering the orders sent by you to
General Farley, we retired at 2.30
o'clock for the night. Early the next
morning the necessary preparations
were made for going into camp, to
er which the troops were moved about 10
a. m. For want of necessary utensils
and camp equipage,the troops were fed
at the hotels, being marched there by
e the officers and proper order prevailed.
es The camp was kept under guard, regu
' lar guard mounting being observed,
id and daily drills and dress parades ob
r- Early Mondav morning I received
the following order:
'I e 1 COLUMBIA, S. C., April 2.
"Gen. R. N. Richoourg:
'Notify Coroner to postpone inquest
until further notice. Wire the situa
1 tion. B. R. TILLMAN. Governor."
Its terms were complied with and
the Coroner was duly notifled. In en
forcing the general orders I placed the
u.rcessary guard around the telegraph
e- filt s, but sent you the following tele.
e. H EADQUARTEns 8 C., TOORPS
ji . DA RLINOTOM, S. C., April 3, 1894.
x "Yoour . ti ot uns date, enquiring if
i. press.dit-p-atches can be forwarded un
*r- der sujervision -has been referred to
the Governor, Commander-in-Chief,
co with a request for immediate natruc
tion from him. Eli reply will be com
Smunicai ed to you.
R N. RicirnOURa,
Brig. Gtn. Comianding."
The foregoirg note was from a cor
respondent and was sent you in con
nuction with a telegram explaining the
le object of it. In reply to the above I
In received.frotn you the following:
ly 'COLUMBIA, 8. C., April 3, 1894.
i "Gen. R1. N. .Rtcbbourg:
'g ho.News and Courlir shows that
e correspondents are 't. your lines. . Ea
e force' rigidly my orders in reference to
them. B. R. TILLM AN,Governor."
Lo About this time I received a tele
V gram from you asking it it would be
re safe for the constables to return and
to testify at the Coroner's inquest; also
i0 another telegram insisting that tne In
quest be held as soon as possible. Ie
plying I told you that I would consult
with the leading citizens, but thought
it wise to delay such action. Being
2. pressed by you from time to -time on
this subject, and conferring wIth the
said citizens, I at last secured the fol-I
r-' lo wing agreeinnt and telegraphed the
subsanc ofthesame to you:
"DARLINGTON, 8. C., April 3.
"Getl. Ri. N. Richbourg:
*"Dear Sir: In i eply to inquiries from
to you regarding the safety of the Dispen-1
issary constables engaged in the affray of
a. last Friday, if brought here to act as
ad witness's before the Coroner's jury:
r- "We pledge ourselves on honor to do
isall we can la our power to prevent and
restrain violence of language and con
duct toward these men if they are
b. brought here as witnesses and should
they be detained as prisoners. In our
opinion they could be brought and kepti
ie safely so far as generc' conditions are
gconcerned. Of course we cannot foresee I
Sor provide against all contingencies of
iunexpected provocation or sudden or
gaccidental events. Because the condi
'tions justify abundant caution we re- I
a commend that the inquest be held as(
rapidly, as early and as formally as pos. 1
~sible, with a stenographer to take the
h testimony, and a solicitor to assist the
ua Coroner and to facilitate business; that C
the constables be brought here unarmed t
ig and be quartered in or near the depot r
s- an~d that the investigation be held with
nl in'the bnilding, with a sufilcient cordonI
& fop exclude all persons but I
duhaare so Intel y needed in the con
a duct of the investigation, the Mayor of
Darlington and his attorney being al
Slowed to e present, and that all publi
ts cations of thle the testimony be forbid- I
un den uintil the end ot the inquest, when
the oflictal notes of the evidence may I
~P be placed at the ser vice of the press for
the accurate information of the public. 1
S "('igned)--W F. D~argan, Mayor; W.J
8. Lewenthal, E. Rl. Mclver, W. iB. Mc. e
Gist, L. E. Williamson, W. E. James,
P. B'owles, P? B. Allen, A. T. Bairdi
W. Albert Parrott, J. HI. Early, l'. A.'
Jo oe, W. J. MdoOrhead, 8. H. W ilds, N.t
eL. Hlurrell. C. N. Hewitt,8. A. Woods,
I-(. Nettles, Hi. M. WIlcox, W. D. Woods
C. Bi. Ed wards, W. .CgeblR
L. Dargan." .DCogsel,.
The time for the holding of the in
luest having been fixed, In obedience
*i t.- orders from you, for Wednesday (
ci morning, April 4, 10 a. in., I sent you
the f ollowmar telegram:
I, DA RLINOTON, 8. C., April 3,
"Governor iB. Ri. i'iiwan:
9, "Your ?celegramu ordering inquest to
beam, rece-iv. d. I have sent to Coroner
P, Parnelli 1- st ructio~ns t.o that effect, di
'iecting ni ato assemble hisi jury early t
6 tomnorr,- morhilig 14nd to report to me
f.r iut r uetions which I hereby reqiesL
L iromn you.
"ihe Irrdable seecins to me to be dis
3 p)osed or at. this enrd of the line. It is y
not wit run my jurisd.ctiou, but a part e
-of the genleral operations 1 would be t
glad if you would give me an ideaof t
4, ) our plains for the transpjortal~ioi, of the
constable- here, that heing, so t.r as I
can see, the only remaining danger. ]
have thought over that matter som
and may be able to offer some useful
suggestions. 'R. N. Riorinouia
In reply to the foregoing I received
the following from you:
CoLUMBIA, S. C April 3
"Gen, I. N. Richbourg, Darlington, S.
"IC the constables cannot go to Dar
lington without escort the trouble has
only begun. It had as well be under.
stood that the constabulary is not dis
banded, nor will it disband, and consta
bles will watch the depots for contra
band liquors as heretofore. My speech
and proclamation, appearing tomorrow
outlines my unalterable purpose. All
your suggestions appear wise and meet
my approval but individual hotheads
will be arrested by you or sent out of
the town by its authorities if necessary.
I want the inquest finished as soon as
possible in order to withdraw the
troops. You cannot temporize in this
matter, but must make my position
clear and enforce ir, with vigor. Is there
a stenographer in Darlingtod ?
B. R, Tir,LMAN, Governor."
Later I received the following:
"COLUMBIA. S. C., April 4.
"Gen. I. N. Rtichbourg:
"The constables will leave here on
4:20 p. m. train and should arrive on
time. They are in charge of Chief
Gaillard, who has orders to turn over
all arms they may have to you on ar
rival. Official stenograpier of Fifth
Circuit will come with them.
B. R. TILLMAN, Govornor."
The inquest having been commenced
at 10 a. m., continued through the day,
and until 3:30 o'clock the following
morning. The constables arrived at 9
p. m. of the same day, excepting Mc
Lendon, who was deliverdd at 2 a. m.
on the norning after the Inquest began
by General Farley. The consta
bles were quartered at the depot, where
Rs a precaution, I had stationed Col. J.
U. Boyd with a detachment of six com
panies. The inquest continued until
3:30 p. m. Thursday, the constables,
with the exception of McLendon, fin
Ishing their testimony on the night they
Arrived and returning to Columbia the
In obedience to orders from you I or
ganized a Court of Inquiry, composed
Af the following officers and men:
Capt. J. A. Mooney, Capt. Ht. J.
Harvey, Sergt. J. C. Cooper Corp. A.
D. M Ister, and Private F. II. Dintz
This Court of Inquiry was sitting at
the same time as the Coroner's jury
and participated in the investigation
being conducted. At the close of the
inquest the Court of Inquiry made the
following rep)rt to me:
DARLINGTON, 8: C., April 5, 1894.
"lBrlgadh-r Goneral R. N. Rienbuurg
Coinmandinig troopa D triungton S. 0
"The undersigned, having been ap
pointed by you to constitute a military
Court of Inquiry, under order of Gov
ernor Tillman, Corn mnder-i n-Chief to
sit with the jury of loqu,-st, in session
at the Coast Line Depto, said inquest
being for the purpose of inquiring luo'
the cause of the death of Frtok E
Norrnent, R. IH. Pepper and Lwls
"We have-the honor to report that
we attended the inquest asking through
;he Coroner such questions as we
hought ,proper, and heard all the testi
nony. We have reached the following
"The sad tragedy which ende-l in the
leath of the three men above named
iad its origin in a fight between two
voung men of the town of Darlington,
Rogers and Floyd. They met at the
lepot and after a few words engaged
in a fisticuff, in which Rogera was
whipped. At the fight, one J. D. Mc
Lendon, a State constable, was the
I'riend and backer of Floyd. having a
good deal to say to encourage the fight.
After the fight Rogers wont up town
and returned with several friends.
About the same time the Chief of Po
Ice of the town arrived at the depot.
[Rogers began cursing Floyd, and at the
iame time pointing to McLendon, said
that he had aided Floyd, using very op
probrious epithets, to which McLendon
replied in very forcible longuage. The
Jhief of Police arrested Rogers and
Floyd and for the moment had order re
itored. Mr. Norment and one or two
>ther citizens pointed to McLend mn
md said that he was responsible for
~he whole matter. Normont called Mc
Lendon a d- s- of a b-. M'cLendon
~eplied that he would not take that and
minedilately drew his revolver and fired
it Norment. Immediately some six or
iight citizens arid tho constables drew
heir pistols and began firing at each
>ther, several of the constables using
Winchester Rifles. We firmly believe
hathad McLenadon not interfered, thme
)hief of Police would have had no
rouble in preserving order and avert
ng the tragedy. We deem it unneces
ary to state all of the testimony, as the
opy of the same will be transmitted
o your headquarters and to the Coin.
"We conclude from the evidence that
?'rank E. Norment came to his death
t Darliogton, S. C., on the 30th day of
4iarch, 1894, from the effect or a gun
thot wound inflicted by one J. D. Mc
iendlon, and that the said killing was
olonious murder, and that W. P. (1.1
ard, C. B McDowell, J. C. Murrph y, J.
2. Nunnamaker, R. M. Gardner, John
Felder, J. M. Scott, L. H. McCanits
Villiamn Livingston, 0. C. Cain, E~ C.
Mlack, J. W Holloway, W. H1. Isryson,
ack Hlolings and Wash 0Owens are
"We conclude that RI. H1. Pepper
ame to his death at the same time and
'lace from the effect of a guhshot
Foundl inflicted by one Le wis Redmond
n~i that thej said Lewie Redmond came
o l'is death at the hands of 0. C. Cain,
adl~ that said killing wvas felonious
nurder. Redmond was running from
he constables and Cain iehot him in the
>ack with a WVIrichester rifl. All of
vhich is respctlfulliy suomnitted.
".J. A MOONEY,
Japtain and Chairman Court of In
"HI. J. HIanivEY, Captain,
"A D). MiIIrTn. Corporal,
About midday Thursdiey 1 recitivedl
he follOwng t.--l-gra., I r 'mn v',:
"COLUMDIA, 5. C., A p r ' 5 1891
G m. R. N. Rihbourg, D) minigoo,
".You havn' 'oy entire (, stiiieih-ne and
nil plesie advise me, af ter conuluhting
,iich leading cita nZ s, whetherV the
ro'oDa can leave tomorrow. It mnust be1
nde's -0(d by all parties that to.' D)'
ensary at Darinrgton~ will be reopeneavl
nd must be ,ronscte; at. h ozs
bles sent to Darlington to watch the de
pots and seize contraband liquors are
not to be molested or insulted. In a
word, the law must be obeyed, and the
pi'ople of Darlington made to under
stand it. Let me hear from you at once.
B. R. TI LLMAN, Governor."
In answer to the above I sent you the
"DA R.LINGTON, 8. C., April 5, 1894,
"Governor B. Rt. Tillman, Columbia,
"In response to your message, just
"I have already wired you that the
leading citizens accept the terms pro
posed in your messageof this morning,
and promise to abide by them strictly.
"The taking of the testimony at the
inquest ended this afternoon. Nearly
fifty witness were examined. The Mili
tary Court will make its report this af
ternoon. I known nothing yet of its
contents. The only witnesses known
to be missing are Dispenser Floyd, re
ported to be in Washington, D. C., and
a man named Babb said to be in Cheraw
Everything here is in perfectly saisfac
tory shape, and the feeling is hopeful
and reasonable. You may be assured
that I have done nothing to deserve
your suspicion of censure. All the facts
of this whole matter are before you.
R. N IioBURO. Commander."
I transmitted to the leading citizens
of Darlington the ultimatum from you
which appears above. I had a confer
ence with them and they agreed unani
mously to your demands, as I tele
graphed you in the foregoing dispatch.
About the same time I received from
you the following dispatch:
"COLUMBIA, 8. C., April 5, 1894.
"lBridgadier General RIchbourg, Darl
ington, 8. C.:
"Give me immediately the result of
the conference of the leading citizens
under my ultimatum sent this morning.
Troops will not leave until I get it.
"B. R. TILLMAN, Governor."
Upon receipt of the foregoing and of
sever il other telegrams I sent you the
"DARLINGTON, S. C., April 5.
"Governor B. R. Tillman, Columbia
"1 thank you for your kind expres
sions. Leading citizens here promise
me that your terms, as stated in your
message will be strictly complied with.
There is every reason to believe that the
Dispensary will be reopened without the
least oppositon, especially if some care
Is taken in appointing a Dispenser of
good chariter who is not violently ob
j-ctionable. All agree in the opinion
that it will be safe and advisable tc
withdraw the militia and restore civi)
authority, in with I concur. The troopd
are eager to go home, although there it
no insubord'nation, but they are wor
ried -ver their families anJ business.
"t N. RICHBoURG, Brigadier General.
The c Iiz -Is also sent you the follow
"DARLINGTON, S. C, April 5.
-'Governor B. R Tillman, Columbia
".i'e have conferred with Genera
Richbourg and concur In the opinfor
vireh him. We will use every effort tc
Alay all irritation, and trust you will
do the same.
",W. 0. COKEL.R,
"G. W DARGYN,
".E. KEITH DARGAN."
The inquest having beau finished, and
all your orders rigid'y carried out, I
made arrangements for the departure
of the troops on Friday morning at 7
o'clock, in accordance with the follow
ing telegram frnom you:
"COLUMBIA, S. C., April 5, 1894.
"Brigadier General R. N. ,R1ichbourg,
Darlington, 8. C.:
"Bring your command, except the
Santee tiles to Columbia by tomorrow
morning's train. I will return thanks
in person at the depot upon arrIval,
and pay off men. Proclamation restor
ing civil authority will issue to-mor
now. Captain Harvey's company will
return direct to their home. I congratu
late you on the satisfactory terminati'on
of the campaign.
"B. Rt. TILLMAN, Governor."
My command left D~arlington at
the appointed hour. At Florence the
troops stationed there boarded the train
and, with the exception of the com
panies which left at Florence and Sum
ter for their homes, arrived in Colum
bla about noon on Friday. They were
met and addressed b~y you, and paid off.
Some of the companies lef t immediately
after ward and all went to their homes
by night. The companies which re
mained until the afternoon were
marched to the Penitentiary and there
There were numerous telegrams of no
public importance which passed be
tween us which I do not desire to cum
her this report wvith. Some of them,
hovever, were at least interesting.
Among the telegrams from you was
the follo wing, to which I1 unhesitating
ly wish to arid my approbation:
"COLUMIIIA, 8. C., April 4 1894.
"Gen. RL. N. Richbourg, Darlington,
"It affords me pleasure with such
lights as I have before me, even at this
distance, to give expression to my ad
miration for the conduct of Captain
Thompson and his men. The situation
woulti have been much more aggra
vated and the prospect of a satisfactory
termination of this unfortunate affair
much much more remote but for their
courage and devotion to duty. You
may also express to magvor D)argan my
appreciation of his latest effort. Had
his first action displayed like wisdom
and firmness we might not have to re
gret the terrible tragedy which has oc
"B Ri. TILLMAN, Governor."
I can say that I nemver saw a more pa
trioiic devotion to duty than shown by
the D)arlington Guards, commanded by
Capt. II. T. Thompson.
Four years' service in the late war
gave me a knowledge of the daties of a
soldier which I cherish. This know
ledge leads me to say that not durlug
those years of struggles did I know
soldiers who surpassed in e-flcfence and
obs-dience to or ders the various com
panmies undler my command at Darling-'
ton and Fiorence. I did not have a
single complaint as to misconduct on
t'he part of a solitary soldier.
Every man comiducted hImself in
a soldierly manner. I would
like to bestoiv my appreciation
of this conduct on each comimind by
name but it would lengthen this repoirt
twcyonmed all reason. I w ill, however,
make~ favorable mention oh Coul. J. C.
Biiod, Maj'r WVard law and Major J. 0.
Westfl-.Id ine latter in temporary charge
of the~ L'nird Biattalion.- These officera
promptly enfiorcedi all oders issued to
them anid kept strict discialmne in
A fter order hadbeen reatnred and yon,.
ultimatum had been agreed to the citi.
zens of Darlington called upon me and
expressed their gratiilcation at tin
manner in which affairs had been ad.
justed. They were cordial in their
treatment of me and the members of
my staff and complimented highly the
conduct of the officers and soldier!
during their stay in Darlington.
From the time I was placed in com
mand I endeavored to the best of my
ability to do my duty, enforcing rigidly
all orders from your Excellency.
In conclusion, I would thank yo'
for the uniform courtesy shown nc
throughout the campaign.
Having filnished this report I would
beg to be dischared from duty.
Respectfully, R. N. 1icinouno.
Brigadier General Commanding.
Tio Cold Sna.p.
The following bulletin was issued
from the State Weather Bureau at Co.
lumbia last Wednesday:
The temperature for the week wa
about normal over the entire State, bu
the nights were very cool, with lighl
frosts over the western half on thi
morning of the 7tb, which did but littl<
or no damage. The cool nights ha(
the effect of retarding the growth of al
vegetation and making it very uncer
tain to what extent crops were inj ure'
by the recent cold. Sunday was ver3
warm and gave a new impetus to al
growing vegetation. There was at
average amount of sunshine during th
week in all sections.
In general, there was a deflicency ol
rainfall throughuut the State. Ther
were showers on the 4th and 5th, lighl
for the most part, but heavy in thi
southeastern portions, which were ver3
beneficial. High winds in the centra
and western portions dried the sot
very rapidly especially where loosenec
In preparation for planting, the latte:
being deferred in these parts until the
weather hecomes more favorable foi
quick germination. Rain is needed
over the entire State.
In the coast region rice planting haE
been general, but the acreage, it lh
thought, will be less than usual owing
to the scarcity of seed.
Upland corn is nearly all planted ex
cept in the western counties and much
of that has been cut down by tht
frost has been replanted, althougli
some cut down and not replanted sho wi
signs of putting out new sprouts. Th4
stand of such corn promises poorly.
Much diversity of opinion regirdinj
grains prevails among corresponnent,
although all admit serious injury. Th
truth is that some fields suffered bu
little while others wvere seriously d m
aged, depending on locality and stag
of growth. Spring oats were not danr
aged. The full amount of injury don
to grains will probably not be know
until threshing time. IL is admitted b
all, that fruit in the bill couuties is et
tirely kille:, as well as mnauiy of t11
trees and branches, this is particular
true of peaches. Other lirge fruits ai
not as much hurt. Where the vines c
bushes have been killed, berries sinot
shrs of putting forth new buds.
Cotton planting Is well advanced it
the low counties and ground is be
Ing prepared for the entire State. 131
next weiek planting will be general
The acreage will he, apparently, up t<
the usual area, and comnercial ferti.
lizers are being freely used.
Some potatoes were replanted, ti
those that were not are puttitig out
new sprouts and promise well. In th
western part. of the State many forests
as well as fruit trees wert! killed.
A FaiH rt ul Stori.
NEW YotK, Aplil It.-A i'earful
gale swept the New Jersey coast last
night and continues to-day with almost
unabated fury. The beach along the
Atlantic Ocean from Sandy llook as
far South as Long Branch, N. J1., is
strewn with wreckage. This mnorning
a large schooner was noticed in dlst ress
a short distance from the coast at Sea
Bright, N. J.O wing to the heavy gtah
and tremendous surf, the life boats
were useless and it was impossible to
successfully land the life lines. Befort
assistance could reach the vessel, it
went to pieces. Six bodies have bween
washed ashore and it is ieared thai
others have been lost in the surf. A
heavy show storm prevailed durino
the morning hiours andl the life savin1E
crewv were unable to locate the signal
guns which could be heard sounding o:
intervals. A great many handsome
cottages at Highland Beach, Sea Bright
Monmnouth and other ports have been
wrecked. Many lIavilions at Long
Biranch have bein damaged. and a'
many points wharves, landings, bath
houses, etc., have been a wept away.
Reports received from points South
as far as Atlantic City state that th(
storm has raged all night and it ii
feared that many vessels have beer
wrecked and probably a great numberi
of their crews dIrowned. The
telepeone wires connecting the lift
saving stations have been blown down
and it is imupossibla to get dletails of the
PoTTsvurLL, P'a., April ll.--The
storm in Scouylkill County is the
greatest in noint of snowfall in forty
years. At [Pottaville there is lifteen in
ches; at F'rackville the snow is twentv
eight inchihes deep. Not a coal trair
has been moved andi all the track labor
ers and hands are kept busy in digging
open the switches and the main tracks
while engines with snow plowsm are at
wark clearing the tracks to the mines.
TVhe collieries are all idl't.
All F'or Love.
ATrLANTVA, (Li, April 1 i.-Sarahm
Carter, a buxom young contry wo
man, threw herself In front, of a
Centralllailroad passenger traini at, Mc
Pheraon IBrracks today andi was kilild
Her lover, Louis Norwood, a private
soldier, had desherted her, lie was dis
charged yesterday, after three years'
service in the ar my, and lel t for Bal
timore. lie had promised to take her
with him, but ab~andoned her. As the
train appronohed, the Carter womano
was talking to tour other women. She
was crying and i-aid her heart, was
broken. bm companions had( no idea
that she contemplitet ateide until
she cried "gooidhye" and juimp'ed in
front or the traina.
A OC uitro,
UNIoNTrOwN, April ll.-l'ha south
eria en.d of L.o coke region ls agiin in
a turumo'l. 'E irly this mnorninmg four
hunadred strikers a .Yooped (down upon
t~he Youngsow.n works of thu Frick
Cornpany, comnpletely surprising nad
capturing almost every one. T1ne raid
era captured sevenl.y workiungmen and~
deputies, and took them wit I them
without firing a shot. T'he a'.tack was
a complete surprise to buthi op~eratos
(overnor Tillnian en Auctier Feature
of the Trouble.
COLUMBIA S. C., April 11.-It appears
that South 'arolina s business affairs
and her standing in the financial world
have been injured by the recent trouble
in the State and business men are com
plainin-C very much about the condition
Several of the banks have been cut
off from the financial aid they had ar
ranged for, simply on account of this
Yesterday morning a bank president
had a talk with Governor Tillman about
the situation and as a result the Gover
nor gave the following interview to the
press. It was also seat out on the As
sociated Press wires:
"I wish to say a few things to-day in
regard to the aspect of this insurrec
tion on tile business interests of the
State. I desire to express with all the
emphasis I can my absolute belief and
confidence in the assertion that seven
eights of our people, without regard to
politics, condemn the action of those
who bought on the trouble and of their
sympathizers, both among the citizens
and the militia. The responses which
are coming in from all over the State
and the offers of volunteers to uphold
the law and repress disorder make it
clear that life and property are as safe
here as they are anywhere. South Car
olinias have no stomach for nor will
they tolerate any such emeutes as those
at Darlington and Florenge.
"The business centers and capital
seeking investiment will do great in
justice if they are led to believe that
any more such South American at
tempts at revolution will be made.
Over half of the milita has never been
called out at all and there would have
been no demoralization or injurious
impression sent aboard, but for the
companies in this city, which Is the
head center of the political opposition,
which lay at the bottom of the insur
rection. Their refusal gave the impulse
to militia in the other towns and created
a false impression that we were on the
brink of civil war. Only four counties
at all were involved in any riotous, de
Sumter and ichland.
"The recorganization of the militia,
or rather the organization of new con.
panies to take the place of those which
have disgraced themselves, has already
taken place and the arms will soon be
t in the hands of fait.hful men, who will
r. spond always promptly to the call of
e duty. Back of those is a reserve force
of thonsands of citizens,volunteer com
Spaniles alread organized and armed with
n shot guns ready to move when called
"I can therefore, give assurance to
the world that law and order will be
y maiutnined in South Carolina and I
e have every reason to believe that there
will never )e another outbreak.
"In conclusion, it is a source of grati
fication to express publicly my thanks
to the oflicers of the different railroads
centering here for their prompt acqul
'sco of my orders and hearr.y co-opera
tion in concentrating and moving the
troops. They showed plainly that they
had no sympathy for such lawles3 be
haviour and contributed in no small
degree to the prompb suppression of
The Republicans Win.
TnENTOJN, N. J., Apri 10.-Elections
were herld in the cities of New Jersey
to-day. In this city the Republicans
made a complete sweep, carrying the
board of aldermen and all the city of
ficers remarkable feature of the election
was thelightness of the total vote and
tile heavy Republican majorites.
N early all the unemployed In the city
voted the Republican ticket. In New
ark the Republicans were also suc
cessful. Lebkeucher. Republican, for
mayor,is elected by 41,000 majority.
In Lam bertville the entire Republi
can ticket wams elected.
In Jiersey City the Republicans have
won a greater victory than they did
t wo years ago, when they elected Mayor
Wanser. Ihis majority was 8,500 while
the comlieted returns for the different
districta to-day give 4.759. The Repub
licans elect flye out of six aldermen.
T1hei Democrats carried the 2d or
"horseshou" dIstrict by only thirty
votes', their usual majority bei ng from
a 1,000 to 1,200.
In Paterson the Democrats made,
some gains, while in New Brunswi'ckl
the result was about even, tile Demo
-rats electing three aldermen and the
Rephublicans three. in Elizabeth the
RL-puiblicamns elected Rankin mayor by
an increased nmjority. At Wihway
mixed results prevailed.
IIn Orange the Republicans made a
cleani swept, electing every candidate.
Johnr Gill was elected mayor by 794
majority, against 347 majority given
Fell, Democrat, two years ago. In Eahst
Orange tihe Republicans made a clean
In camden the Republicans won a
comnplete victory, electing their entire|I
t icket by increased ia jorities. At l
Giouicester thejl~smocratic ticket, head I
ed by JIohn IBoaston, for mayor won
by 600 majority. At tile last Assembly l
eh-'etion the Democratlic majorlty was
JA(;KSONiO~Ro,S. C., April 1l.-There|
wats a shooting scrap~e at CottagevilleI
about fifteen mnies from here, yester- I
day about 1 o'clock, in which Mr. Glov
or Verdier snot aind instantly killed Mr. -
WV. WV. Adams. They had a dlispute
about a piece of land and they came
to balows. Mr Verdier backed to where
lhe had his rIfle andi shot Mr. Adams I
thlroughl and through, killing him In
stantly. Mr. Verdier then went to
Walt erboro and surrendered himself
to the sheriff, and is now in jail at that
place. The affair is very much regret
tedl, as5 both partiles were good and
prominent men. They were near
WVI(;rr'rA, 1K4n., April 10.-The
Da.lton or other train rotsbers attempted
last nignt to hold up the Rock Island
train, four miles below Pond Creek in
Okianoma Territory. They met an
utnexpected resistance at the bands of
.Jake liarmon, the Wells bForgo Ex press
messenger, who shot and killed tihe
first man who tried to break into the
* xpress car by tile use of dynamite.
lCuhe other men in the gang tried to
escape but the trainmen succeeded in
wounding and capturing another of
them and two horses. Thle other band
its succeedled in getting away, but
THE FAC1'IONS FOUGH t.
BLOODY ENCOUNTER AT THE ELEC
TION IN KANAS CITY.
The American I'ltective Assuciatioo and
Thoso opposed Arrayed Agiatst Etch
other-The Firing Vas Liko a itegiuent
Shooting, so Itapid wan 1.
KANSAS CITY, April 7.-Excitement
has not yet abated over the election riot
between the American Protective asso
ciation and the anti element. and re
sults are worse than was at ilret re
ported. The lines were strictly drawn
and in the encounter which followed
the clash, one man was killed instantly.
Three others fatally wounded and two
were beriousiv hurt.
The two antagonistic elements were
solidly divided in their choice of candi
d ites for mayor and the electio-t was in
pr iress. The aggressive support that
eac side g-ive to its candidatea during
one o1 the hottest campaigns ever known
in this city engendered a strong senti
ment of bigotry. It was, therefore, in
no amiable mood that the workers of
the respective factions came togthers at
the different polling places in the city,
and that they came expecting trouble is
apparent from the number of deadly
weapons that were dc %wa when the
firing was started. There were a num
ber or less serious effrays in other parts
of the zity earlier In the day.
The fatal riot occurred on the South
west boulevard, in the Fifth ward, very
close to police station No. 3. Those who
took part in it had b3en heated to the
alghting temper by reports that had been
hourly arriving at the station of'. the
brawls at other polling places. Oaly
one hour before, John Gooley, a stone
mason, was shot in the forehead and
back by William Henry Walker at a
voting place at the 3,)rnor of Fifth and
Campbell streets in a row growing out
of a fiery debate between the two men
regarding the principles of the American
Protectine association, to which Gooley
was violently opposed. That Gooley
was not instantly killed was due to the
tact that the pistol used was a mera toy
of 22 calibre.
The American Protective association
men who supported Webater Davis, the
Rtepu ilicam candidate t'r mayor, had
their own workers at the difrirent poll
ing places, and they distributed in some
precincts their own tickets bearing their
candidate's name and decorated with the
Jim Pryor, a Fbth ward politican,
an agonistic to the American l'rotective
assucia'.ion, who Bupported Frank John
ston, the labor and fiction Dimocratlc
candidate, was active at the head of 50
constables, whom he had got Justice
L'itshaw to appoint. It was said by
some that these constablei were, many
of them, irrosponsinle characters and
were solely the cause of the trouble.
There were loud threats 01 mobbing them
before they could get to the nieadquar
ters after the bioody rio 3 was over.
It, is claimed that one of Pryor's fol.
lowers fired the first shot. That one
wa Mike Callahan, and lie was a dead
man the next moment. Then the battle
began. The deputy constables at this
polling booth and the workers of all the
Political factions crowded together in
8011d masses. fully 100strong. and every
one of them seemed to be armed.
For a minute or two the discharge of
weapons sounded like a discharge of
musketry by a regiment. Vundreds of
&itizens gathered at every point of van
tage to wi'ress the battle, which, how
ever, wvas of' short dluration. Many of
the residents along the boulevard added
to the excitmwent by leaning from their
windows and nhouting and gesticulating.
In less than five minutes from the time
the first shiot was fired policemen had
appeared upon the scene and quieted the
disturbance. With their first approach
the fighting political workers ceased
hostilities and began to hid1e their wea
Nino Moa Kllori.
MILwAUK1EE, Wis., April 9.-At
1:20 this morning flames were seen
reaking' out, from the rear of the David
ion Theatre and hotel structure, valued
It, $300,000. The alarm w as promptly
esponded to but not, until the roof was
sheet of' flames. Immtedliately on the
irrival of the firemen Iaadders were run
11) and men rushed up on~ the roof, six
itories fcom the ground. In doing so,
Allie Reese, nne of the men, shmpped and
elI to the ground, being killed by tbe
all. All the men from Engine house
b~o. 4 wero ordered to the rear portion
>f the roof; ight over the stage, where
ho LIre was worst. These ficemen and
>thers took their stations and began work,
vhen without warning the root under
hem gave way, Precipitating nine of the
nen eighty feet below into the fIre on
lie large stage of the theatre, all of
vhom wore either killed by the fall, or
mrned or sull'acated to deathb.
NE~W ORLEANS, April ll,-A special
rom Sani Antonio, Tex., to the South
rnn Associated Press says: The ex
:lteient in this city among the Mex
cans and negroes over tihe apparently
niraculous cures performed by Don
Pedrito, the Mexican faith cure doctor
s something startling. The home of
he so-called Mexican saint was sur
ounded all day by hundreds of affilted
mnd curiosity affected people anxious
.o gain an audience with the celebrated
mnd mysterious maa.S8everal policemen
vere detailed to maintain order among
he crowd of ignorant believers in the
emarkable man. Don Pedriot elasims
.o be ninety-Live years of age, and came
,0 San Antonio two weeks ago, after
)eing driven out of Mexico by the
JACKsoNVILLE, April 11-In the
Jity Court tnis morning, after the jury
h ad been out lIfteen minutes it brought
in a verdict of guilty against Joe, Al
exander and Wilson Woodley 'and
Jack Gabriel, four negroes, chaurged
with the murder of Ed H1. Grant about
a month ago. The first three were sea
tenced to be hanged and the last one to
life imprisonment. Grant was killed
as thedresuit of a conspiracy between
these negroes, who made Jim Galloway
do the murder. Jim was sentenced to
be hanged last week. Oliver Jackson,
a negro, who offered to kill Grant for
$10. wa nmobber about t.. das.go