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VOL XXI -'I .rtUSA API. 26' *
___~JKNS Sir _cuu L_ *UNCONSTITUTIONAL. 4^E UPREME COURT 80 DECLARES - THE DISPENSARY LAW. Ohlef Justlee molver and Assoolate M Gowan on One Side amd Assoclete Joe ties Pope oh the othor-What is Sai4 About the Declslon. COLUMBIA S. 0, April 19.--The long expected decision of the State Supreme Court in reference to the Dispensary Law was filed today. The judgment of the Court was rendered by Chief Justice Molver, Associate McGow concurring. Associate Justice Jo filed a dissenting opinion. The decls ion 1 a long one and contains fully 80, 000 words. It is for the most part a strictly legal view of the case but with it all it has features that will be of in terest to everybody. The case was legally entitled: Chas. 8. McCullough vs. George Just Browne et al and the State vs. Hentz Jacobs, J. C. H. Troeger, Jerome Fagan, J. R. Byrd and Ben David. In the first in stance Judge Iutson rendered his fa mous decisioy, and all the remainder of the cases come from Columbia the re sult of which is well known. In each - instabce the Supreme Court sustains the judgment of the lower court. Judge McIver's decision is said to be an able document and com pletely knocks out the Dispensary Law. He says that the Attor ney General 3uring the hearing had suggested to the court that the act of 1898 superseded the act of .1892 but that no motion had been made by the ?tate Attorney along that line and the court would consider, for the sake of argument, the two acts identical. Pro. ceeding in the decision Judge McIver says that ordinarily the pDesumption is in favor of any act passed by the Leg islature being constitutional and re views at some length the nature, scope and oblt of the law. He declares that it violates two ar ticles of the Constitution namely the first and the fourteenth. The first ar ticles declares all men free and equal with right of enjoying liberty and property and the second guarantees every man against being deprived of his right to engage in any lawful busi ness. These rights, the court observes, are derived from the creator rather than from the government. The traffic and liquor itself is not unlawful and the law in so far as it forbids a citizen from engaging in it when the State is allowed to conduct the same business null and void. The court next considers the question of the alleged police regulation of the traffic under the dispensary law but concludes that it has no such idea. The whole scheme the couft says is one to increase the revenue of the State. The State has no right to engage in busi ness in competition with her citizens. Such an idea is at variance with all ideas of civil government. The power given the State to engage in the liquor business ty the last Legislature is out side and beyond the power conferred upon the General Assembly by the peo ple. The court answers also the argument raised that because the State engaged in business of supporting colleges that she could also engage in the business of selling liquor. This is answered by showing from authorities that educa tion is a legitimate function of govern ment while selling liquor is not. The6 above are some of the leading ideas advanced by the majorty of the court indeclaring the law unconstitution. Associate Justice Pope's dissenting opinion covers nearly 100 pages of fools cap. He argues chiefly that the whole law is constitutional from the fact that the regulation of the liquor traffic is a legitinate function of government and he holds that the dis pendary law is such a regulation. He does not think the prime object of it is the raising of a revenue. Chief Justice Mclver, who delivered the opinion, While in no sense a politi cian, is u nderstood to sympathize with the Straightout faction and the same may be said of Justice kicGowaD, who concurred with him. Justices Pope is a Tillmanite and was elected Attorney General when Tiliman was first elected Governor in 1890. Justice McGowan's term expires in July, and Eugene 13. Gary. until recently Tilimanite lieuten ant governor was elected to succsed him last December. It is surmised that an effort will be made to have the law again submitted to the court after he takes his seat, when the court will -include a majority of Tillmanites. Lawyers say, however, that an act de clared unconstitutional cannot be re stored by the mere reversal of an'opin ion; that it will be necessary for it to be again enacted by the Legislature be fore its constitutionality can have an other test. Theoopponents of the administration are jubilant over the decision of the Supreme Court declaring the dispensary law unconstitutional. The whiskey men are more than jubilant over the decision and whiskey is being openly Bold in many places in South Carolina tonight. The friende of the dispeasary law are Dot disheartened, des ite the decision of the court. They lpeI'ieve the law constitutional and believe that it will yet triumph. Governor Tillman is known to be a man of many resources * and his opponents do not believe that lhe will yield and close the dispensaries, Immediate)y after the decision was filed seiveral orders wereicountermanded by the State dispensary. The "blind tigers," which have never been especial ly cautious in their operations in this city, have sold whiskey today with con siderable more audacity than usual and have not been inter fered with. The 1o cal dispensaries have been doing busi ness as usual, It is probable that the bar keepers will not publicly resume business until they have been advised by their counsel, whose opinions they are now awaiting. . TIIEDEOIsION DISCUssED. TeJournal says the State Ihouse of ficials seemed to have caught on to the idea that the discussion would be ad verse to them. There was a lot con * sulting among them, John Gary Evans was an interested visitor at the htate House. When he heard of the dicision he said that it would make no differ ence as the 8tate would take care of itself. When pressed to give sonie in -formation as to what the State expect ed to do under the circumstances, lie said "simply wait and see.' Goyernor Tillman would only say this much about the decision: "i havn't read and don't know its'scope jet, I have tried to enforce it because it was the law. The action of the court makes it incumbent on me to take such steps as my judgment will dictate to protect the interests of the Stato and of the people. The matter is not fin ished. I will. obey the court for the present and appeal to the supremet court-the people." Governor Tillman wis kept quite busy today consulting with the various ofilcials and of course the decision was the all absorbing topic. Governor Till man had nothing whatever to say on' the subject. He would express no opinion until the State, authorities had decided what to do. Attorney General Buchanan said that he did not know what would be done. lie contends, however, that the decis. ion of the court has no effect on the present law but simply decided on the law of 1892. He did not explain wherein there was any radical difference in the laws. He is of the opinion that, the case can be appealed to the United State courts as questions of Federal law came up under it. He did not say positively that such action would be taken though he intimated as much. Mr. Traxler said that as far as he was concerned he had received no or - ders to stop business and that he would continue until officially notified (to quit. He said that he has a lot of liquor in transit and he does not suppose that the decision will prevent him from pay Ing for it. THE RESULT DOUBTFUL. It cannot be told yet exactly what the result Will be. The dispensaries are still running and will not close at once, There are so many legal loopholes that the State can take advantage of and keep them running. The Supreme Court has ten days in which to send down to the lower court official notification of their decision and until that time expires things will like ly remain as they are. MELLO'S FLEET SURRENDERS To the Brizilian Minister at Huenor Ayros. BuENos AYRES, April 17.-Tbe re mains of the Brazilian rebel fleet, com manded by Admiral DeMello, which ar rived off this port last night, are the sub ject of exchanges of telegraphic messa ges between the authorities oi this place and the Brazilian overnment, through the Brazilian minister here. The rebel ships are the Republic, Meteor Iris, Urano and Esperanza. .They are in a very dilapidated condition and rebels on board ofthem are suffering from sick ness, wounds and lack of proper food supplies. Their temporary wants have been supplied, with the consent of the Brazilian ninister, who has received ad vices from Rio Do Janeiro, saying that general amnesty would be granted to the insurgent rank, and file, and that the Brazilian government will pay the quar antine expenses cf the ships it they are surrendered t6 the Brazilian minister. Consequently the Argentine govern ment, with the consent of the rebel lea ders, le now superintending the delivery of the five war vedels to the minister and this will have been accomplhshed by the time this die patch reaches the United States. The crews ofthe rebel ships are beina; disembarked at the Lazaretto here and will be cared for until further orders are received irom Rio De Janeiro. It is believed that when tne men and ships are in a proper condition, they will re join the BrazIlian vessels under the government officers and return to Rio De Janeiro. Prosident Piexoto government has no tilled the government of Uruguay that the expe pses and the passage money conie of the insurgents who landed in the department ot Rocha, Urruguay,- will be p~aid by the Brezill'an goveinment, afid that they may alls with the excep tion of the leaders, rcturn toBrazil, with no fear of' being iievereiy p~unisheod for the part which they have taken in the rebellion.. It is understood that Presi dent l'iexoto, In adopting this wise and lenient policy has acted under the advice of a foreign power, which lias tle inter ests of' the Republic of Brazil at heart. Nothing seems to be known ci' the ultimate destination of Adminral Do Mello and Gen. Silgado, toudh it is be lieved that the former wvill taike the ear liest opportunity of escaping to some foreien country where he can hide him sell for the rest of his life. On all sides, the utmost contempt is exp~ressed for Do Mello, whose desertion of Admiral IDi Gama is looked upon as being a piece of cowardly treachery which even the Ad miral's most intimate supporters con demn. To such an extent does this feel ing prevail, that it is openly atated that Da Gama propossa to seek out Ad'miral Do Mello and compel him to meet him in mortal cjmbat. Those who should know Admiral De Mello, the best, be lieve that he will take care to avoid any such meeting. If the rebel admiral falls Into the hands of President Piexoto there Is litile doubt but. that lie will be promptly tried] by court-martial and shiot. SAVANNAiI. Ap'ril 15.-The city au thorities sat down on Sunday baseball in Savannah today. Savannah and Macon agreed to play the game sched uled for Monday, today, leaving Mon day a rest ofday. Announcements of the game were made in the newspapers and scattered through the city. This morning the mayor notified the chief o1 police not to permit the game. The mianagemnt~ of the club was also'noti fled. The grounds are just beyenid the city lim.its, but under the city ordi nance giving the mayor jurisdiction two miles beyond the li mits,.the game could not be played. A detail of police was stationed at the park gates to en force the mayor's order. Over two thousand people went out expecting to see the game., The action of the au thorities today will probably settle the question of Sainday baseball in Savan nah. The management of the club will not fight the matter. A Hox'rible (irime. BERLIN, April 14.-This morning the police found the dlead body of a Sis ter of Mercy lying by the aide of the road leading to Grunewald forent on the outskirts of the city. The body was partly concealed by some bushels. The throat of thip unfortunate woman had been cut and an exami!nation dis closed the fact that she had been mal treated before being murdered. Near the spot where the body was found were evidences of a desperate struggle and some footprints of a man which may lead to the arrest of ihn murerr. FARLEY SPEAKS. HE GIVES HIs VERSION OF THE DAR L INGTON AFFAIR. The Atjutant ant l I ueportar ( onoral lina sometliog to say as to Ills Counnection With the Recout Troubl--Ile Obeyed Ordora and WorkeI for Peace. GREENVILLE, S. C., April 19.-Gen, Hugh L. Farley was in Greenville i rew days ago en route to the reunion of his old command in Laurens county, Upon meeting with him at the Man sion Rouse the editor of the Mountain eer asked him a few questions concern ing the recent stirring events in thu State, with which he was so promi. nently and intimately connected, and he very courteously complied with tht request to talk on the subject. Ilis ob servations are so pertinent and forci ble, revealing the inward history ol events at Darlington and Florence that we propose to share with the pub lic the interesting statement made by Gen. Farley. lie is absolutely fair ir the statements made concerning past events, and his comments upon the po. litical situation will not fail to com mand attention. Ills conservatism aE a citizen and public official is no lesE marked than ills devotion and sinceri ty as a Reformer, for he was one of the earliest and staunchest advocates o the measures which crystalized the Far mers' Movement and upon which th( cam paign of 1890 was fought. "General, it seems that some of thC newspapers are trying to make it ap pear that there was antagonism be tween yourself and Governor Tillmai with reference to the conduct of affair. at Darlington and Florence during th recent troubles. Would you object tc giving the true inwardness of th( whole matter ?" "On the contrary, I am anxious thal the matter shall be put perfectly right out of justice to both Governor Tilt man and myself. Let us at least at tempt to be fair to Governer TIllman because there is so much partisanshil and misrepresentatiou at this time thal every occurrence is made use of foi some one or other political purpose From the beginning of this troubl< there was an attempt made to makf me say things that 1 did not say. Foi instane, that I had said and telegraph ed to Governor Tillman from Darling ton soon after my arrival that then was no insurrection, no need for mar tial law and no need for troops, whict I did not say at all. I am too old and experienced an officer to be guilty o the presumption of volunteering m: opinions to my superior unless askei for them. Any one reading my repor will see that Governor Tillman simpl instructed me to kee) him advised a to the true situation, and it will als be seen that these instructions wer simply complied with. Knowing m duty, I kept my mouth closed an awaited orders, giving no informatioi to any one. If Governor Tillman hai asked my advice in regard to such mat ters I would have given it frankly an< cordially, but 1 was only told to reinmai at Darlingt6n and take command o any troops that might be ordered t that point. Vhen I received t he infor mation that troops vere on their wa: I communicated that fact to the mayo and citizens of Darlington, as I was in structel to do by the Governor's tele gram, and then took steps to secure; proper and orderly reception of (1eu ltchlbourg's command. I have neve intended to give public (xpresiLon t my opinion as to the necessity of senm( ing troops to Darlingt on, because it I not consisterat with my position as A d jutant General to criticise the- action of my superior oflicer, the chief cxecui tive of the State. I dieemned it quit suflicient to keel) him p~ostedi as to th) situation so that lie cold exercise hi own discretion, because the responsi bilaty rested upon him. Since it ha been made to appeir, however, that did these things, and since I am reliev ed from the oflicial obligation of keep ing silent, out of justice to both Gover nor Tillman and myself, 1 (10 not hes: tate to say what would have been mn advice if h~e had sought it. ''Whlen the riot occurredl in I)arling ton: the information received by th Governor was necessarily meagre, an during the riot there was, of course, total suspension of all law. If tm troops in Columbia had been allo we( to obey orders, I am satisfied that th power of the civil law would have beel restored within twenty-four hours o thirty six hours. While I found peac andl qiet in the town of iDarlington, I was the calm after the storm. I do no hesitate to say that some military forc in addition to the local militia, wa necessary for tile restoration of th status existing prior to thle outbreakt Governor Tillman may have been mus taken to the exact measures 3r amoun of force necessary to restore the statut but I do not think that any imnartia observer would blame him for takin, ample steps to bring the communit back to its normal condition. Indeed after we had been thwarted in our firs efforts to secure troops, lhe could no relinquish his purpo e of restoringc or den without sacrificing the dignity o the State and apparently sulrreniderinj the prerogatives of his oflice. An other course would have madek it aid pear to the outsidle world thait hi hands were tied and his odlicial powe was paralyzed, and the moral ( ffec would have been irremnediabmle. Th fact that Constable McI~endon hat been taken from thle jail and carrie< to a place of safety in order to escape lynching, (much to the relief of the goodl citizens of Jariiington, as I hap pen to kno1w,) is conclusive evidenc< that the civil law was not deemed suffi cient to control the situation. Withoul suilicient force the investigations thal were necessary in D~arlington, morn particularly the inqiuest, which was and ought to have been held, could nol have been made with saft ty, because il was imperatively necessary that thn constables shlouldl be present to testify The necessity was not so great at Flor ence, but the presence of the troops a either or both places dlid no0 harm, am gave assurance to the world that Souitl Carolina was capable of restoring or dor and maintaining peace within it: borders." "Was there any clash het tweeni your self and the Governor, and are tihere any differences betwixt you?" "There are ne eron~al difiference except of political opinion oni som1) minor matters. I see that strenuioui efforts are being made to create suel nu imnressinb utting a loce co struction upon the telegram whic passed in regard to my course at Flor ence. The matter was very easily ex plained and settled between us, and i ought to be clear from my report tha there was a misapprehension on hi part as to the course I was pursuing This is evident too, from the marke contrast of his last telegram to me wit those which proceeded, in which h cautions me to soothe rather than ag gravate the situation, act with vigo where I thought it was safe, and er trusted everything to my own discre tion in accordance with his general or ders." "Genoral, would you mind sayin what you think as to the riot bein accidental or did it have a politte bearing?" "The personal flight or bogintinj was purely accidental, but the rio which followed it arose out of the ex citement produced by the enforcemen of the dispensary law. The publi mind was evidently in an inflammabli state, or the thing would haye beei impossible." "Is there anything of political sig nificance in the response made by th people and a part of the militia afte Columbia and Charleston had refuse to obey ?" "Of course, there are always som partisans on such occasions, but large majority of those who responde and of those who were ready to re spond were influenced by a patrioti purpose to restore good order, suppor the existing laws of the State, and t prevent the overthrow of the const stituted authorities of the State. 1 would not do to ascribe their conduc to a desire for the promotion of the pc litical ends of any faction or to th endorsement of any special law. The had higher aims and purposes in thei support of the State government." "Is the danger over, and will ther be any further trouble arising froi the execution of the dispensary law Or what is the real cause of the presen agitation in oouth Carolina?" "I have said as much as I intended but since you ask the question will ad that I fear it is not, unless the method of enforcing the dispensary law ar very carefully handled. As to the rea cause of the trouble, I would say it i money, money, money, instead of 1 -quor, liquor, liquor. It is the prof feature of the law which will eventi ally have to go. One hundred per cen is too great a temptation for the ave age 'blind tiger' to resist, even thoug lie may risk his life in yielding to 1 Besides, the 'tiger' is blind to any mo - al wrong on his part in selling liquc I for profit when he sees the State el I gaged in the same business. Legall f tug it in his mind does not change ti moral aspect. Kill the proflt featu and you kill the blind tiger. Let ti t profits remain in the pockets of ti 7 people, which is the best treasury t S State can have. The remedy wou 0 seem to be a modification and simpli 0 cation of the law, by the abolishme V of the State dispensary, the substit - tion of a simple purchasing and audi 1 ing agent, relegating control of the I I cal dispensarlei to the counties an holding the right of local option it .violable." "General, is there any thing to t specially dreaded in the coming can paign ?" "Well, you know that I sounded note of warning in my Christmas 1W ilections of last year, when I appeale - to all parties for greater moderation 1 political action and discussion. Thi warning has since been repeated t me, and imuist confess that .1 loe with great anxiety to the immediat future. 1 see no real cause for conflic if the right spirit prevailed in th s State, becauso all of the ieforms w have advocated are accomplished faci s and dead issues. The dlispensary la' -is not a reformn measure of itself, nc e has beeni adopted by the lIeform part B 1t, must be made one before they fe s bound by it. Outside of the desire fc - ollice, the dispensary seems to be thi a sole cause of dissension. I know or people, that they are brave and fearles - andI~ they are not even afraid of one -other. We maty wvell ask the questi if this is the beginning of the can paign, what will be0 the end of it V Surely we can come down to the di eussion1 of so small a matter in a di - passioniate way, and it behooves eyei e right thinkling citizen of either tactic I to consider well the abyss that lies b 1 lore us. If this excitement is allow( e3 to increase, there is great danger thi i South Carolina will soon become ii B atrmned camp of doubting, hating, dl 1 trustful factions which at any momei r may be brought into bloody,riotous cot B flict. The result would be0 doubtful, ar no one would be benefitted, while tL tmasses of our people would have on a ruin and desolation staring them: a the face, and the United States gover: 5 ment alone could restore peace am -good order. Much will depend upc -the courage and self-control of ti t moderate men in both factions. Th4 ,are the only iiope of the State in su< 1 an emergency. T1hey are largely in tI i mlajority, and their highest intere V anti( patriotism dlemandt that they co: , trol the situation." SAN Waterapatats. - ANANTONIA, Texas, April 14. r Three waterspouts, which did conside Sable damage to property, occurred this section last night. The most dan . aging one occurred in Ken County,i s Kensville, where several houses wel washed away and a large number t cattle oni time adjoining ranches wel (Idrowned in the Guadalupe Itive whicn rose twelve feet in a few mil utes. About an hour later, anothi ' vaterspout occurred near Ihunter, few miles North of here. The Sou'i .Bound, International and Groat NortI era passenger train was caught in and~ dlhayedl four hours oni account< the track being covered by several fei of water. The third wvaterspout ws west of here, near the town of Standar The Southern Pacifle track was covere with the flood of water for a distant of 9everah miles. U)onvicted, Ami.:N, S. C., A pril 14.-The case o .Jesse Corley, charged with the murde of Ilenry Corley,his brother, which ha frteuroe (lays past occupiedl th Court of General Sessions, convene hero, was given to thme jury this aftem noon. In something less that Lw hours a verdict of "guilty" with recon mendi it ion of mercy was reached. Th Sprevailing opinion is that the verdic is just one, though many think the the clause recommending mercy shoul have beeni omitted, lon. 0. C. .Jorda assisted the Solicitor in the p~rosecutio while Messes. H~enderson hiros. an - Jlohn .1t. Clay conducted the defense. A CALL FOR CLUBS. t it ANOTHER LETTER FROM GENERAL HAMPTON ON THE SUBJECT; g 51 What Ohauncey F. Black, President of the di National Association, Thinke About Me a, Organization of state Denocral lo Clubs. r 1) He Defines their Object. el To the Editor of the State: ' The following letter was addressed to me recently by tlie lion. Chauncey F. a 9 Black, the president of the "National Association of Democratic Clubs," and as i Is so forcible a plea for the organ ization of these clubs throughout the c cotintry, I deem its publication Impor- s tant. As vice president of the league a for South Carolina, it is my duty to re spond to the call of the president, and ' as my views on the subject lie has so 0 ably presented are in full accord with P his, that duty becomes in this case a 0 pleasure. In my judgment if there ever was a S 1 time when the great Democratic party r depended for its permanence, its very Il existedce, on the unity of its members, e it is now, when false creeds and-false prophets threaten to destroy it. This 8 I regard as eminently the case in South n Carolina, where many of our truest c men have been led astray by the pro- C mulgation of political heresies, claimed 8 t by their advocates to be true "Jeffer sonlaD Democratic principles." The vast majority of the whites in v South Carolina are at heart staunch " and loyal Democrats, and they would C not knowingly imperil their party, so when warned as they are in such Y strong and truthful language by one of r the ablest leaders of the Democracy, as ( Governor Black has always beeu, of the e dangers threatening the party. I have t faith that they will rally to the sup. 0 port of the only party which promises r peace, prosperity and protection to the South d 1, My function as vice president of the t National League is to present to the t people of South Carolina, the views and c e wishes of the President. If they are in hi 1 accord with him as to the dangers t ahead of us, and the vital importance of prompt adtion in order to avoid them, I shall gladly give all aid in my power to the formation of Democratic clubs. I therefore urge all Democrats who h stand on the national platform to or ganize promptly these clubs, to which every true Democrat will be eligible as a member. WADE HAMPTON, Vice President, National Association of Democratic Clubs. le 0OV. BLACKS LETTER. le| YORK, Pa., March 1, 1894. Id My Dear Sir: At the recent meeting i- of the executive committee of the Na lt tional Association of Democratic Clubs 'I- at which you were good enough to ap. t- pear as vice president for South Caro 3- lina, it was resolved to pushi the organ d ization of Democratic societies through - out the Union with all the energy at our commond. We believe that this is especially nec essary in the South, not only for the reasons heretofore given publicly by I a you, and personally to the committee bu, for similar reasons advanced by t d many distinguished leaders of the De- a 11 mocracy In that section. The really t great interests of the South, that is to j Y say, unhindered by any intermeddling a k central power at Washington, freedom B of elections and the development of her C t vast agricultural possibilities, unvexed e by adverse and oppressive Federal tax e ation, depend entirely, it appears to a 8 me, upon the continuance of the Dem V ocratic party in national power, andl r that, again, upon the intimate and cor I dial association of the D~emociacy m dl Southern States with the Deimocracy " r North and West. We shlouldi know ~ 0 but a single platform of principles and r we should be animated by but a single t 4, purpose. Our interests are not diver Ii gent but complementary. Whatever I, injures you, injure us, whether the in juries be to your liberties, as citizens '? of our common country, or to your i- commerce, or to your agriculture, or to I- any other industry. But unfortunate Y ly Southern Democrats, since reconi n struction, forgetting to some extent I. the hidelous perils they had passed, and d relying upon their great natural ma it jorities, have, in some places, neglected n their organization, allowing strange i- heresies to arise and fatal divions to it threaten the party. I am not iintend 1- ing to say that this is peculiar to the (I South. It is too frequent elsewhere. e ls there a remedy ? It seems to me y plain. Withl tile saiacity of an expe n rienced and enlightened statesman, you I- have very clearly pointed it out, and so d have many other devoted Southern n men. You need to maintain the clos e est political relations with your Da'mo y cratic brethren in the Union. You hi want to embody your people upon dis e0 tinct D~emocratic principlies, in a dis it tinct D~emocratic organization, which I- embraces the entire-cnuntry,and moves with a common impulse. IHeretofore we have met only in the r.ational camn paigns, but there our relations cease. r- There isno further intercomnmunication nBut a system of Democratie societies, emlbraciing the whole Union, active i tevery year, and all the year,uniting the v Sgreat multitude of primary societies in c State andl national atssociationis, in con stant fraternal correspondence and in r warmest sympathetic touich one with ': another, is, it seems to me, the ideal r practical relationship which should pre a vail between us. Such an organization ~ hi is presented by the National Associa- iE .tion of the D~emocratic Clubs. Its a Sprinciples are thus formulated In tile i< second article of the Constitution: a SThe objects of tils assoication are as V follows: b TIo foster the formation of perman- g) ent D~emocratic clubs and societies throughout the United States, uind in sure their active co-operation in dis seminating Jeffersonian principles of t~ government. f To preserve the Constitution (of the a r United States, the antonomy of the 13 s States, local self-governnmenlt, and f ree- h a dom of elections. I To resist revolutionary charges and hi - the centraliution of power. n > To oppose the i mposition of taxes be- t -yondl thle necessities of government n B economically adin nistoredi. p t To promote economy in all branches c t fo the public service.b I To oppose unaesessary commercial u ri restrictions for the benefit of the'few at t ri the expense of the many. ( :1 To oppose class legislation, whicha depoiln labor and hnuds un monopoly1 To maintain inviolate the fundamen- J 3 principles of Democracy-"Equal y before the law." To co-operate with the regular or- A I inization of the Democratic party in ipport of Democratic men and Demo. atic measures. These propositions embody only in- A sputable Democratic doctrines. They ,e in general terms, the faith of the unders of the party, and of all true t emocrats of this, as of preceding gen ,ations. That statement of them as not only adopted by the first nat. nal convention of Democratic clubs lialtim ore in 1888, and readopted by ke second national convention at 81e ew York in 1892, but it has been for- no ally adopted by many State Demo- wa atic societies from the Atlantic to the Jar acifle, and by 'thousands of primary mal icieties, members of the State societies jun id of the National Association. C in hot >u suppose a more perfect guarantee wit 1 future harmony upon sound princi- aw les than such a mighty brotherhood itj, ' Democrats, North, South East and scr lest ready to encourage and defend the his arcy, in whatever section assailed ?lieK Lich an organization, holding to the tter of the Constitution and the strict p anstruction commandments of our thers, as the indispensable conditions mc f the continuance of our republican in. It 1 Litutions, would, in a very few years, she lake this country permanently Demo- hot ratic, and in the meantime, it would, tot generally adopted in the Sonthern ten tates, secure them against the tem- the orary inroads of third parties pro- I oked by momentary ills, and propos- arc ig invariably, undemocratic and un- ole onstitutional measures of relief. ne If, in addition, your people will re- nog iember, that the Democratic society ras the original organizattion of the a a ntire Democratic party; that it was cat nly by means of the Democratic socie. an les that Democrats address each other, rol r the world, in the earliest days of the for ?public; that it was the expedient of the efferson and his compeera; that, in- cul eed, the popular club has ever been tur le most efficient engine popular agi- Ne tion; that the thunders of the Demo- litt ratic societies of the South were pIG eard from end to end of the 1.ind I in le first struggle between Democracy tht nd Federalism, and that the societies fro f Virginia and South Carclina were ly pecially co-spicious in those times, ty vhen the everlasting foundations of ar ur deathless party were laid, they will Of iccept the propc' tition to institute m hem anew with t!e greater alacrity. L I suggest that you consider this sub- bi ect at your earliest convenience, and m ihat you ask, in the way you deem best dj he co-operation of the Democratid of W South Carolina in the institution of a be system of Democratic societies, which LI, sh1all embrace every election district in your State. Each of them should be enrolled with the National Association * Lawrence Gardner, secretary. Wash! aR ington D. C. and at.the proper.time, you C will doubtless consider it ;Advisable to d4 call a State convention of deputies g1 from the several societies to form the Democratic society of South Carolina. l3 I remain with groat respect, very gi truly yours, CHAUNCEY F. BLACK. d< 1ION. WADE HAMPTON. U( Defles ila Traducers. as LAURENS, S. C,, April 14.-A picnic ra eunion of Company G. 3d South Caro- Ri ina Infantry Veterans, known in the wl var as the "Briars," was held at Iower ag oday in this county. A crowd of four ro undred people was addressed by Col. wi . J. Crittenden and Col. J. A. Hoyt, of gr treenville, col. B. W. Ball. of Laurens, so nd Adjutant and Inspector General th 'arley, all confining themselves to in idents of the war. we Congressman Shell, a veteran of the ame regiment and a guest of the occa ion, spoke in defence of his record as col leader of the Reform movement and mi nawered the charges against him. In to he course of his speech lhe strongly de- InC ounced those who had attacked him an s a deserter, charging that those so de ,pt to cry out "Treason deserved watch- lie ag themselves. The party crying an hief, as a rule, is himself a natural to orn thief." TIhe crowd: "That's pretty hard Cp ain; that's pretty hard."Ca-j Shell replied in dramatic tones: "But to t, is true, though; it is true." Th'ie speaker declared that he was Iroudl that he had been instrumental ui having Joseph B. Kershaw appoint- M4 d to ollice. The time has come when ad Larmonly and unity among the white Bp meople of the State should prevail; hi~ 'hose who denounced him lived by frc gitation and could only succeed by Br eeping upl a racket. W ie reiteraitedl his declarati'm that he la vouldl withdraw from politics at the fol lose of his present term in Congress. Resolutions or condolence on the yo leath of Glen. Kershaw, their old com.- to nander, were passed by the veterans, ed 'le bullet,-riddled battleilag of the 3d 110 Souith Carolina regiment was paraded. the 'lie veterans were commanded during fee lie day by B. W. Lanf ord, the ranking no0 urvivor. County Auditor 0. u. gre hiompson, who wvas a boy member of if he company, was called on before the tri lose of the meeting and mado a brief me peech. ancndl )r.DiCNdiTON, April 18.-Mr. II, Y, th( catrborough, a reputable cifitizen, has rrwarde~d to the Governor an aflldavit kir which he st~ates that Mr. J. K. Kir-- nol en, chairman of the board of control, hat l'e~red1 to secure himii the p)ositiOn of do ispenser on condition that, he (Scar- the orough) would give him *10 per month tio -om his salary, ie further st~ates that lirven wanted him to appoint a nephew a f' his (Kirven's) clerk, and said tha' to tey could then e'un the dispensary to t themselves. The affidavit goes on ser > state that both1 ofters were declined of'1 rid that then Kirven used his In liuence one have other man appomnted. Scar-- ane rirough Is a Reformer, but is liked by me to people of both factions-State, wh, nutchered. a .FLORENCE, April 16.-To-day Wal sr Britt and WillIam Johnson, colored ere goishing. Britt 3ursed John m.They both began fIghting, when ritt whipped outa butcher knife that he W, ad concealed in his bosom and slashed Fe ohinson's left arm and Bide. It was a wI orrib~le gash and big enough to lay a aci ian's list in. The point of the blade cit ouched the beart and death was at- me lost instantaneous. The affray hap- thi ened at Perry's brick yard near the ab orporate limits. Britt was captured th *y Alderman J. F. Stackley and locked- all p. Coroner Bunch held an inquest m his afternoon. The verdict was in ac- de ordance with the above facts. John- 8c on was a Marion darky, Britt is a TI lerkeley negrn ofnth manes.t ty.. UDGE LYNCI IN OHIO. IORRIBLE CRIME SPEEDILY AND JUSTLY PUNISHED. Woman 81 Year@ 0ld Brutally Out iged by a Negro-The Mlitary Guard i the Jail Withdrasvn and the Orlinlnal UK. LEVELA ND, 0., April 15.-Speedy Ice was meted out to a colored rape d at Rusheylvania, a small place r Belleiontaine tonight. The wretcll Seymour Newland, his victim Mrs. e Knowles, a respectable white wo. 181 years old. She was terribly in. id by the fiend. When alone In her so last night, Newland entered and iout a word assaulted her. She was Lked by the noise he made in coming ) the bedroom. She attempted to !am, and the-negro brutally slapped hands across her mouth and forced back on her pillow. She fought des. ately, but her feeble strength was n exhausted. Ile abused her in the st fiendish manner and left her in itiable condition. After he had gone dragged herself to a neighbor's ise and aroused the inmates. She I the story in a few broken sen ces and then sank helplessly at ir feet. Vithout loss of time other folks were used. The news of the assault trav d like wild fire and in a short time irly the entire populace of the vil 5 was acquainted with the story and 5arch for Newland begun. The mob ght Newland a few miles from town I messengers were dispatched for a e to hang him with. While waiting the i ope Sheriff Sullivan arrived on scene and after considerable difl. Ly induced the excited citizens to a the cowering wretch over to him. wland was taken to Lhe lock-np, a le plank shell, and a strong guard ced outside. Lhe excitement became so intense ,t the sheriff called for the militia m Bellefoutaine. A company quick arrived and formed a hollow square >und the flimsy prison. The sight the soldiers seemed to enrage the )b which hung around the vicinity. md threats of an attack were made them. In some manner one of the ob had succeeded in placing several namite bombs beneath the cell in Lich the negro was locked, the object ing to blow him up. The arrival of a militia prevented the plan to destroy e negro. The fact that the bombs bre there was disclosed to the sheriff d he removed them. Finally yielding the entreaties of the people, he oc red the militia to withdraw and local lards replaced the armed force. The crowd was just in the mood for a nching. About 9:30 o'clock they thered around the frail structure in a termined body. The guards offered resistance and after being pushed ide the building was overturned with Is gathered trom neighboring fencev. iady hands were laid on Newland, io howled with terror and fought saf. ely. le was knocked down and a Pe placed about his neck. Then with Id yells the mob dragged him over the )und to a small cotton wood tree ne distance away. One end was own over a limb, and the wretch a raised by the neck until he stood ct. A jury was drawn and a mock trial nmenced but it was abruptly termi nated, as the mob was too impatient wait. Tile doomed negro kept up an Bessant groaning and hn~peal for mercy :1 was only stopped when with a sud i jerk, he was sent skyward. There was held until dead. Newland was exconvict and had once before been ind guilty of r ape. M4rs. Knowles, Newland's victimn, ls a critical conditioni, and not expected live. Rtosee for Judige Wilson. WASIIINGTON, April 16.-Judge .Jere Wilson, whose eloquent plea for the vancement of women In the closing iech for Madeline Pollard gained for: n a tine bouquet of La France roses, m Miss Mary D~eshia, sister of Col. . ackinridge's late wife, Mrs. Dan tugh, Miss Nettle L. White, Miss uls Lowell and others, has sent the lowing letter of acknowledgement: My D~ear Miss White: I beg that i will receive for, and communicate the "twenty-eight women" mention in your note, my thanks for the ,vers; and I1 beg you also to assure m that looking back over a long pro silonal career, soon to close, there is ~hing in it all that will be more tifying to me than to have it said, it be said, that I have con >ute to the advancement of wo n, and the establishment of a moral I social code that will visit upon. offending man the same nmeasure condemnation that it visits upon 'offending woman. o far as I have the names of these d ladies, I have addressed to them es of acknowledgement, which I id you herevwith, and which I beg to mp the favor to so direct as that y will reach their intended~ destina Is. Very respectfully, J. M. WILsON. .he note which accompaniedj the vers and to which the abov wsy )ear Mr. Wilson: These flowers are t to you as a mark of appreciation ,be stand you took yesterday for code of morals for man and woman also for the advancement of we ,n in an active part in the world in ich we all have an equal interest twenty-eight women. With respect' I gratitude most sincerely ET I OUxsAWIIIT. Drownea. 'ENSACOLA, Fbi., April 16.--George Southgate, superintendent of the nsacolat water works, was drowned tile returning from a fish dinner ~oss the bay yesterday, le left the y in company with live other gentle. mn in a small sail boat and reached air destination safely, but when out six miles from the mainland on Bir return, the boat was carsized and three went into water. The party Inaged to hold on to the boat until ybreak this morning, when Mr. uthgate became exhausted and died. ie balance of the party was rescued Sa nanning barg.