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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, May 10, 1894, Image 1

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'I C E N -Y AS0
OD6 of ills Itght land Men Got Ills
. SIead Clubbed by the Polleo-StirrIng
Scones at the Capitol-The Police are
WASHINGTON, May 2.-Yesterday
was a perfect day with a brightly shin
ing sun, which citizen Coxey took as a
propitious omen, was the portion of
the army of the commonweal for its
demonstration in favor of the Coxey
good roads bill. I Shortly before 10
o'clock Marshal Browne formed the
. men in a hollow square, and standing
in the centre called for three cheers for
peace. The cheers were given and the
'commonwealers waved their little cot
ton flags of peace, with which they had
been armed.
"Now," cried Browne, "we'll march
arounq the grounds gnd try it over
again,' and the band started up a slow
step to which eight communes walked
in a circle to a point about 100 yards
frota the former camp. Here Browne
formed them in a long line and pu; the
men through a little drill with their
peace staves. Then he harangued them
counselling peace. Their banners of
peace, he said, would be more forcible
than all the guns and cannons in the
The men cheered and Browne waved
his hat. "Carry peace," cried Browne,
"Shoulder peace," and with their little
flags pointed upward at an angle . be
hind the head the commonwealers
started off to show congress what it
should do. The bugle sounded, the
-band played and the Scotch bagpiper
brought forth a doleful sound from his
instrument. Just then the leader of
the .commonweal arrived in his pony
phaeton. With him was Mrs. Coxey,
and In her arms she carried little "Le
gal Tender Coxey," her bane of a few
weeks. Citizen Coxey held thu reins
At 10 15 Marshal Browne called out
"attntion" again, and with "shoulder
peace" and "forward march," the com
A monweal army started for Washington,
led by Browne and Coxey and a pla
toon of mounted police.
Metropolitan police surround .the
capitol and patrol its corridors. Blue
coats can be seen everywhere, and viast
tors are requested by .bem to "move
on" and not to block the passages and
doorways. The main body of the guar
dians of the peace were stationed at
the.east tront, where Generat Coxt y
was expected to attempt to speik. B.
11 o'clock, an hour before the common
weal army was due at the -capitol,
thousands of curious men, women and
children, had gathered around ' the
building to gain places of vantage to
witness the much Calk'd of and long
expected appeal to Congress by Coxey
and his followers.
The route of the procession was down
Fourteenth street road to Mount Pleas
ant, thence along Fourteenth street
proper to Pennsylvania avenue to the
peace monument and around the cap1
tol grounds. Fourteenth street' road
was very dusty and the marches were
plentifully besprinkled as they march
ed along.
The commonweal moved at a funeral
pace and it was three quarters of an
hour in reaching Mount Pleasant, a su
burb of the city. At the head of the
dusty soldiers of peace were three
mounted policemen. Then came Mrs.
Annie L. Diggs, a Populist orator, of
-. Kansas, in an open barouche, with her
husband and her two daughters. And
then appeared Miss Mamie Coxey,typi
fying "peace" mounted on a white pal
frey. Xhe is a blonde girl of 16. She
wore a stilt of cream colored cloth re
lieved by a big red bow at the throat,
and wore a little blue liberty cap. Sihe
seemed perfectly at home on the pal -
frey, but appeared somewhat embar
rassed and created a good deal of ex
She nodded smilingly at the people
who saluted her. T wo old soldiers, one
a Confederate and the other a Federal,
both members of the commonweal,
formed her guard of honor, marching
on foot. Carl Brownte followedi on a
large white stallion. Then, seven foot
sore musicians, Coxey, Mrs. (Coxey and
little "Legal Tender" Coxey came next
in a pheaton. ,Jesso Coxey followed on
a spirited horse, and the rank and file
followed him. W hen the army reached
the peace monument it foundt a crowd
of 5,000 awaiting it. Tfhe procession
then wended its way toward the east
front of the capitol.
The sensation was soon over; the mm
mensa crowd on the easterna front of
the capitol saw Coxey, bareheaded, pro
ceede d to the steps of the east portico
and mount to the first platform about
five steps. Here were stationedi Captain
Kelly and other oflicers of the police
force. They met the general before he
had time to turn his face to the gath
ered multitude and he was politely in
formed that he could make no spech
at that place.
Corey said firmly: "I wish to enter a
"No, cir," firmly said the captain,
."you can take no action here of any
kind. The police were courteous but
very firm, and Coxey then,, bareheaded
as he was, said:'
"WVelJ, then, I wish to read the pro
'4 ~ "It cannot be re ad here," said the
Coxey showed noe inchnat ion to y ield
and lie was unceremnoniotusly hustledI
down the steps and out to the midldle
of the broad plaza in front of' the capt
,tol. IHe made no physical resistance,
but protested( all the while,and a crowd
gathered aro'una him andl obstructed
the way somewhat; butt it was not a
bustle of resistance, but seemed more
- like curiosity. The police did not use
their clubs, no one was struck and the
immense crowd was handled in the
kindest yet in the firmest and most ef
fective manner. All who came expect
lbg some serious trouble, and they
were not, a fe w, were disappointed.
Coxey was not formally put under
arrest. IUe was simplh put .ff of the
capitol steps; far away off to prevent
his resiacending. The miridie of t he' pa
rade 'Waa jammed and jostled about b~y
the crowd, some being thrown a'ont, in
every direction. TI'he clanaging of' bella
on the cable cars, and the yelling and
surging of the mob made the scene
hideous. Mounted pelice dashed inmo
-the crowd, enideavorir.g to crowd thbem
back from the sidewalk and restore or
der, but for some time to no avail. It
became necessary to use tateir clubs as
a menace, Some of the Corey.ites were
jostled and crowded until they reached
the will of the grounds and it looked
as though they were about to head for
the capitol. A rush was made by the
mass of people upon the scene and
many ran pell mell to the plaza tramp
ling down the shrubbery and vines.
About the east side of the capitol
pandeionium reigned, and the mount
ed police made a charge to clear the
way. Then occurred a scene scarcely
ever seen about the big building. Men,
women and children rushed for the side
walks, falling over and tramping on
one another in their attempt to reach
a place of safety. Finally the way was
cleared and out in the street could be
seen the Coxeyites presenting a deplor
able and comical sight in their rags
and tatters, after their contact with
the yealding and surging populace.
Browne's personality was over. lie
rode his mettlesome charger in forbid
den paths and jumped him over the
stone coping to the eastern part of the
port. A mounted officer started after
him and as *he resisted arrest, he re
ceived a clubbing. ills head was cut
but it is not thought that lie was badly
hurt. The incidentstarted rumors al'
loat asto general fighting but no such
thing occured. The plaza in front of
the main portion of the capitol but Id
ing is in appearancq at this time just
as is usual on a beautiful day when
congress is in session.
The episode is certainly closed for the
day,and the affair of Coxey lasted not
over 10 munites. He was taken by
the police to the edge of the crowd
without any difilculty and entered his
Captain Kelly said:
Where you do go now, Mr. Coxey ?"
"To our new grounds in southeast
Washinington,'" the industrial leader
said. le then gave the army orders to
march. The police authorities again
showed their courtesy in furnisbhing
him a suitable escort, and the weary
disappointed "wealers" again started
on a hot tramp for a resting place.
After some unimportant business in
the House today, Mr. Johnson of Ohio,
riing to a matter of privilege, he said,
offered the following resolutions:
Whereas, it is well known that the
Capitol grounds were, on May 1, over
run by a large assemblage of people,
including a considerably number of the
regular and special police of the dis
trict, and
Wknerea., It is publicly stated that
the safety of the members of t1his
louse has been endanRered, thereby
making it uecessary for the House to
rely on the clubs of policemen lor their
Rs Ived, That this committee on
publ-c buildings and grounds be iti
structed to inquire into the- questi.n as
to .whether ut-ue-cesaary force was used
whether unoffending ciiz- ns were cru
elly beaten acd whether the diitnity of
ihis House has beeu violated; that ithe
Raid commit.tee have the power to se-nd
for persons and papers, and report the
facts in connection with this suoject,
with their recommendation as- to
whether any legislation is necessary in
the premises.
Outh waite suggested that; the resolu
tion presented no question of privisge.
In support of his content ion that it
was a matter of privilege. Johnson
said that in sight of the members of
the House; within the shadow of the
Capitol, citizens were cruelly had un
necessarily beaten, and he asked that
i' be investigated, believing the pro.
ceeding directly and vitally affected
the dignity of the bHouse it was dis
graceful that such a thing should oc
cur. In presenting the resolution,
Johnson said,hie was not moved by any
sympathy with the purposes or aims of
the (Coxey army. Ile acted because
tue clubbing took place under the pre.
tense that it was to def end the mem
bers of the Ihouse. No one here, he
said, was scared, but at thoe doors of
the flouse, where the jurisdiction of
Congress is supreme. citizens were
clubbed, and h'e thought it ought to be
The Speaker asked ho w' that presented
a question of privilege. Those people
were violating the law.
Johnson responded that he believed
it to be a question of the very highest
The Speaker suggested that the mat
ter should be investigated in the police
court or other tribunal established for
the purpose, but that the resolution did
not present a question of privilege.
The matter was referred to the Ihouse
Committee on Public Buildings and
Grounds for investigation.
The Tarit!.
WASIIINOTON, May 2.-While the re
porta early in the day indicated that
there might be some difficulty in agree
lag upon a tariff bill, the conferences1
which were had by the leadlers on the
Democratic side of the Senate (luring
the afternoon seem to have been In thm"
interest of harmony and the lack of
conildenco there was among those who
hioped~ to secure a coimpromlse, disap-i
peart d. T1he privatoillce in the room
of time cemmittee on appropriations was
a busy place all day, more activity be-1
ing exhibited than previously because 1
of the aipprehiensionm which existed that
all the work toward a comp~romuise
might be for naught. Among those I
who were engaged in the conference
were Senatorq ,Jones, hBrice, (Gorman
and Cockrell, while Senator 111l1 was i
present a portioni of the titme. It is the
position of the New York nfior Sena- I
tor that hants causedl somelt trouble and I
there are a number of Snatiors whlo
behiwve even now, that huh1 will net
vote for the bill1 wIth the inconme tax I
provision, arnd it is almost as cert ainly
understood that the income tax will re!
mairn. .T'he Senators who are engi
nleering the compromise tire counting
eom 43 Democratic votes and they b.
lieve they will be able to e~ntrol that
number beyond any doubt. This ind11
cates that they hope to pass the bifll
even with the opposition of 11111, andi
i' also indicates that the bill has prob
abldy been made Satisfactory in other
respects to Senatoraq Murphy of' New
York :mnd Smith of)Tew Jersey.
IBALr'rORE M I., May 5.-A special
to Tlhe Sues f. em Rhtieh, N. C . saw :
T 'ut-age boiler s at ltojbertson and~ God.
wih,'a lumber mibls, at, Williamsto~u, , x
ploewd today. There wcre flfoeen per
inons in the buildiue, anmd all wer-e mn
mur d. Isaac BrIght was~ dead when
hake-n out, andl lour others are dyinu.
several of those itjured were women
wvho had taken breakfast to0 their hus.
mands, whto were employed there. Oue
innller was blown thirty yards8 from :D
bed. '
Pho Klitid ot Stuff that is Published by
8snne of tIi Northern P'aitora About
lihe P'oolo of the sotith-Nottiing Int
NEw YoRK, May 6.-When the av
tirage Northerner roads in the papers
hat Governor Tillman's political
trength in South Qarolina comes
nainly from the farming population,
vho are Populists, ho thinks of the
Lopulist party In that State as being
,omposed of such honest, slo H, hard
working, saving, church-going, sidehill
armers as makes up the strength of
he Republican iarty in the central,
Nortliern and Western part of this
itate. This is a mistake. The Pal
netto State countryman bears about
;he same resemblance to the farmer of
'his region as a highwayman does to a
peddler. The horny handed son of toil
is portrayed in the Sunday school
jooks of a generation back doesn't
3xist in South Carolina. The man who
Ills his place there is called a cracker.
After you have heard a South Caroli
Mian say that word "cracker" with the
peculiar intonation invariably given to
it, you will realize that it is by no
means syronymous with hones'l far
A gentleman who has lived in South
Darolina for lIfteen years,during which
Ame he has kept eyes and ears very
wide open, told a Sun reporter, a few
lays ago, some things about the crack
!rs, the origin, ways, and the signifl
%ance of the situation in reference to
"It ought to be generally known, and
don't think it is," said he, "that the
Populist party in South Carolina does
lot include, as it does, I am told, in
ioms States, the good country farming
lement. The fact is we haven't enough
if the good farming element to make a
ihowing on. We have a class of people
who own what were once farms, but
#hey don't dcaerve the name of farm
-rs. They're the crackers. There is
iomethingc more than ignorance and
incleanliness, and lax morality in the
reat cracker. There's deep-seated dev
tilshness, a natural love for liquor, and
A g eat aptitude for in urder and otner
3rimes. The cracker hasn't evolved
these things out. of tis own inner con
aciousness; he's come by them honestly
-if a cracker ever does come by any
thing honest.ly oy heredity. Ue h-as a
[lne lot. of ancestors back of hitu.
"Ti.-se ancestors are of t. wo kinds.
You can take your pick;there's mignty
little chi>ice ber.wgei 'em. If you go
back some centuries in your history
you will fiud that at one u me the Carib
bean Sea was so Infested with pirafes
taoat some of tI o couria rics having an
interest in the New ,World d-eided to
-lean them out. They cleaned tn- m
>ut of the sea and drove them N.-r h.
1'he pirates landed and pushed up
,hrough the country, finally settling
lown to lives of something rather
worse than usefIulness. L'nere is tie
term of the cracker, or at least, one of
he germs. Now for the other part,.
When the Eiglish settled in South
Jarolina they were, in the language of
:oday, too strong to work. But ihe
work had to be done, so they imported
slaves from England-convicts for va
rious crimt's, who were to serve out
Lheir terms as slaves on the plantations.
Some died in the process; otheis served
mut, became free, and having .iothing
t.o (10, settled. There's your otner germ.
Unite the two, and you have the crack.
er in his first stage.
"11ow and where ho lived for some
generations thereafter isn't clear-or
why, for that matter. Buit, he did live,
probably by hunting and doing 0(dd jobs
and he became known as 'poor white
trash.' Even tihe niggers looked down
on the poor whites and up to the time
of the war lie was the most despised in
dividual in Ithe country, aud the most
worthless. Tihe blood of the pirate and
the criminal was still there, unmixedi
wvith any better strain, for none but
poor white would marry wvith poor
white. But It was wveakened and
thinned by laziness and Inaction and
driink and lack of opportunity. Then
came the wvar, and a change for the
poor white. No longer h aving slaves to
work their farms and plantations for
ihom, the Bourbons, as the good fami
Lies were called, drif ted away from their
yountry places to the towns. They
sould not soil their hands with spade or
plough, anid as their only other resort
~hey wvent into business. Mark the re
mit. The farms fell into the hands of
he poor whites, being first divided up
nte stmall portions.
"There you have your poor white lie
30ming a land o wner. You might suip
lose that lie would dleveloip honesty and
hrift and ambition to imnprove his op.
ortunities to become a dlecenit citiz en.
ELie doesn't. The pirate atnd criminal
1train is in him, emasculated by gene.
'atlons of contem'lpt gnid degradation,
)utt still there, and now it beglins to
how itself. Your cracker makles his
vife and children work the farm while
to hunts or fishes at such times as lie
sn't, too lazy . When lhe gets mlone~y he0
oes for moonshine whiskey and gets
t. Why, the North Carolina imoon
hiners run their blockade wagons for'
he crackers. T'hat's wl'ere theay sell
heir nmoonshine, and they run t he gov
'rnment, blockade andl TLillmana's block
1(1o to doe it. And1( when the cracker
rets full of whiskey he Isn't 'poor white
.rsh' any more. ile goes right baick
wo or three centurb-s and1( becomes
,at mixture of plirate and English
sonv',ict, an~d a inuarderouis, treacherous,
roiui brute hei is. E very cracker car
ries his gun aind a knife back of him.
11(1 uses the guin llrst bait, the knife is
Li Is favoirite. Th at's the pi rate in himi.
Jackk nife rlashers, wea call 'aem. I 've
seen two ol tnemu aItr ai kife fight,
ind--weil, it, wras worth goinug -miles
niot to see.
"If niece-ssary theii crack-r will stand
ip and lIght face to ft-a. Most of 'aem
ire d.-ad shots, for 'in y have lotsn of
Jractice huntin g. Ilu'. their favorite
tame Is to lie in rihaios .mdu sihoot, a
rimotr down as he passes When a mani~
a found on some lonely rotad with a
nullet throught him and his5 uckets
atripped we cdii it. a 'cracker killing.'
I'hey're kilu-rs all of them, the tel
ows, but,~ they'd rather do the-ir killing
rem a saf e cover. As long as its onliy
tracker that kills craickair naobidy cares
and nlothing,, i done abou)it It. Whemn a
racker kills a decent man nae does it ini
"o~h a way that he leaves tno trickst
le'11 waitfo ears fo i ac.S
there isn't much chance for the law to I
come in there, either. In two of the
Northern South Carolina counties,
Lancaster and Chesterfield, they aver- TI
age about thirty murders a year togeth
er, and you can bet a cracker is the
murderer every time. Yet there hasn't
been a hanging in either county for fif- Ti
teen years. It's either cracker kill
cracker, and nobody cares, or it's a
cracker killing, with a respectable vic
tim and no clue to the killer.
"There was a case a couple of years
ago up in Lancaster County. A promi
nent man of some means up there ran
across two drunken crackers who had
come in town on a bat one evening. s
They were in front of the postoflice.
One of them slapped him on the shoul
der and said with a maudlin laugh:
"'How are y' Judge? Are y' reckonin' at
to find us some licker' eli
"The Judge, who was a very dignifl- t
ed man, drew himself up, shook h
the cracker's hand from his shoulder, Vb
and started on, when the other cracker m
step-ed in front of him with an ugly ni
"'You can't shame us off so easy,' to
said he. 'We're as good as you now, ca
an' you can't call it high on us. You c
ain't any too good yourself.' co
"'You're a drunken ruffian,' ex.
claimed the Judge, pushing the man a
aside. 'Pass on or I'll have you locked A
"'Not by a damn sight,' shouted the
cracker. I'll llx you,' and drawing a ta
knife he lunged at the Judge, but miss.
ed him.
"Instantly he was covered by a dozen
revolvers in the hands of a crowd
who were at the postoffice and who had
seen the whole thing. They would co
have tarred and feathered those crack
ers but for ithe Judge begging them off.
Ten months later the Judge had oc- cc
casion to drive to a neighboring town.
His buggy and horse came back with
out him. We found him dead in the m
road at the edge of the woods. A m
charge of buckshot had struck him in
the back of the head. We couldn't B'
find those two crackers to lynch them.
That was a cracker killing, and it's L
only one of many. 18
"Those are the men that make up Ci
the strength of the Tillmanite party. J.
They're the Populist. Tillman makes
them constables and gives them guns, m
and they're just longing for murder. t
They are the liquor spies that cone to
search our homes and to shoot us down
if we object. Can you wonderthat the cc
people of Dartington fired on these off b
spring of criminal convicts and pirates,
these scum of the coantry, these worth- tl
less, treacherous, murderous crackers? '
As long as Tillman uses them as dogs
to est on the people in south Carolina C
so long he will find the people ready to I
resort to armed resistance."-New
York Sun. c
sontta 0:0o1 na Commsmon. F
COLUMBIA, S. C., May 2.-For some a
time there has been 'onsiderable t Ik V
about the appointment of a South C sr
olina commission of veterans to act I
with other commissions from other G
Southern States in selecting and
marking the locations of the troops of a
the several States and marking them .
properly un the battleflelds of Chicka
mauga and Chattanooga, which are to c<
be transferred Into national parks un- t
der an act of Congress. Governor Till
man has been spending considerable
time selecting a commission to do the
work properly. Yesterday he succeed
ed in getting in all the names and ap- cc
pointing the following commission:
II. L. Farley, Kershaws staff; Capt.
A. C. Appleby, of the 24th South Caro- I
lina, St. Georges; Gen. C. I. Walker, n
Manigault's Brigade, Charleston, C. K.
Henderson, 10th South Carolina,Aiken;
J. ). McLucas, 8th South Carolina,Ma
rion; Lieut. Perry Moses, Culpeper's si
Battery, Sumter: L. .P. H arling, 19th
South Carolina, Longmire's; E. J. Gog. si
gans, 7th South Carolina, Ninety--six;
A. 8. O wens, 3rd South Carolina, P~ow- s
era. In accordance with the act of the
last Legislature this commission will 'E
go to the battlefields and mark off the
places occupied by South Carolina
troops. c<
The following has been received from
the Chicamauga and Chattanooga Mil
itary Park commission or the War De-- ii
partment: , ci
To Members of the State Commission
Gentlemen: The members of this' ta
commission expect to spend the monthF
of May, or such portion of it as may
be necessary, upon Chicamauga andc
Chattanooga battlefields, to meet such
State commissions or individual mem
bers thereof as can reset these fields. c
Will you please confer with the
chairman of your commission with a
view of fIxing a time for a reset as ear
ly in that month as convenient and in- b)
foi m this commission of the date deck
ded upon ?c
It is important that the location of S
positions of the organ!izaitlon from
your State should be fInally decided
upo'n at an early day.2
Very respectfully,
J1. S. F'ULLER'rON, s
Chairman of Commission.
The new State Commission will notb
go until officially notifIed to do so by Ci
the national commission.
iIarrile Story fromt virginia. 2'
Nrxw YoRK., April 30.-A special dis
patc' from Staunton, Va., says that c(
Charles Bradford was escorting Lottie 1]
IHowe home from a dance early yester
(lay morning, when he was met at the ni
stde of a deep railroad cut by Lawrence is
Spiller, colored' Spiller knocked Brad
ford senseless with a bludgeon and took n
the girl to a field. When Bradford re. I]
covered consciousness he ran to the
girl's uncle's where the dance was held, y
and gave an alarm. T1he girl's muti- ci
lted body was found on the track just
before a belated train went by. After (I
accomplishing his purpose Spiller had
beaten the girl's head into a jelly and c<
lacerated her limbs with a bludgeon. 19
Spiller was arrested at his cabin where
a negro woman Was in the act of burn ni
lng his bloody clothing. Lynching is
th reatened and troops have been ordered
to Staunton to protect the murderer.
CoLUMBIA, S C-, May 1.-A special si
to o i iacister from Burtler, S C , says:
Seveo negroen, an entire family, were J.
iu''aned ne-ar IL chardsonville, E Iaeflsld
ciu-ty. iTusdiy. Thov were taken CC
vIoleniv ill immediatelv aftr breakfast, J<
w iich was followed by almost incessant
vomittiiit. Trne doga and cats that ate et
ct thin vomUit died almost iastantly. The
do~ctors say there is no hope of Raving
any of the peons poisoned. No clue
ais to the ilt hiy piarties hias heer made.
The posioned family was visited yester
3 it by several negroes of the neighbor
I AssIstalut AdJ utaut (en eral Fnrz 1-hs
4 List of New Military OrganizAtions
tandy for 1)uty-Appi-m, I ins from Al
nlost as Many Moro,
CoLunmnIA, S. C., May 4.-Yesterday
e military department of the State
yernment proceeded to issue commis
)Ds to the officers of the new coin.
nies received into the State militia
Governor Tillman. During the day
ity-one companies were commis
med. Below will be found a list of
ese new companies, with the name of
o captain of each and the date which
ey were commissioned:
Lary Watts Guards, Laurens; corn.
issioned April 3; captain, W. L. Cun.
Swift Creek Light Infantry, Darlinw
a county; commissioned April 23;
ptain, R. Lee Bass.
Newberry Reform Itilles, Newborry
untv; commissioned April 21; cap
in, F. C. Gruddick.
North Rifles, North's; commissioned
pril 16; captain, G. V. Donnelly.
Beaver Dam Rifles, Sinithvil1 P. Sum
county; commissioned April 28; cap.
In, E. P. bheod.
Hazlewood Rifles, Chester county.
mmissioned May 3; c.aptain, J. S,
Enoree Riles, Whitmire's, Newberry
unty;commissioned April 11; captain,
T. Duncan.
Branchville Guards, Branchville;
mmissioned April 30; captain, 13. E.
Saluca Volunteers, Butler, S. C; com
Lssioned April 28; captain, J. P. Cole
Tillman Guards, - --; commis
)ned April 27; captain, J. G. Fields.
Watts Light Infantry, Brewerton,
lurens county; commissioned April
; captan, N. 11. Wood.
Williamsburg Reform Guards, Lalke
ty; comnissioned April 21; captain,
H. Blackwell.
Rampton Huzzars, Ridgeland: com
issloned April 25; captain. H. H1. Por.
Lake Swamp Rifles, Timmonsville;
immiEsloned April 18; captaic, J. B.
Calhoun Light Infaintry, St. Mat
iews; commissioned April 26: captain,
L.O. DAntzier.
Gary Evans Volunteers, Springtlld;
)mmtssioned April 19; captain, James
L Fanning.
St.. Stephens Guards, St. Stephens
immissioned April 17; captin, S. W
Prosperity Rifles. PlrosLerity; com
issloned April 28; captain, 1). 11.
Vi herspoon.
Thickety State Guars, Starr Farm;
)mmissioned April 30; captain, J. M.
Fairfleld Rifle Guards, Winnsboro;
immiasioned April 23, captain, J. M.
LanIsford Itillos, Ljandsford, Chester
unty; commissioned April 25; cap
In, W. I. Cox.
Greeleyville Volunteers. Groeley ville,
'Illiamsburg county; commissioned
prui 23; captain, J. J. It. Mont gomery.
Stokes's Bridge Rifles, Stokes's B ridge
immissioned April 2; captain, A. E.
St. George RUlles, St. C eorge; con.
issioned April 14; captain, .J. T. Mi
Ebenezer Rifles. Ebenezer; cominis
oned April 13; captain, E. It. Green.
Townsend R'iles, Santuc; commis
Dned A pril 28, captain, C. 1. Sims.
Rid geway Rifles, Ridgewvay ; commis
oned April 21; captain, W. J1. .John
Wadesworth Rifles, Cross 11111; comn
issioned April 20; captain, W. S.
Governor's Volunteers, Bllackvilie;
>mmissioned April 11; captain, 1I. (C.
Boiling Springs Light Infantry, IHoll
g Springs; commissioned A pril 21;
ptain, P. M. Wall.
Carlisle Rifles, Carlisle, Union couii
';commissioned April 20: captain, W.
Jacksonville Volunteers, Clinton;
mmissloned April 4; captain, T1. .
High Hill1 Rifles, Darlington count y,
mmissione~d April 17; captain, F. E.
Starr Fort Guards, Ninety Six; comn
issioned A pril 23; captain, A. S. U.,
Richiand Mounted Rifles, Eastover;
mmissioned April 23; captain, J1. IR.
LIberty Guards, Fair Forest, Spar
in burg county ; commissioned A pril
I; captain, WN. WN. Fuller.
Latimer Guards, Hodges; commis -
oned April 21; captain, D. U. McGill.
Blellevue Rifle Club, Widesman, A b
svlie county; commissioned April 26;
ptain, John A. Moran.
Woliford, Spartanburg county (comn
my not named)); commissIoned A pil
a captain, J1. C. High.
Trillman Volunteers, O)rangebiure;
ummissioned April 4; captain, N. N.
P'ickens Guards, Ilckeng, C. II; coni:
issioned April 30; captain,.1J. .Lw
Graniteville Rifles, Granitevillec; comn
issioned April 30; ca.ptain, IB. WN.
McCormick Rifles, P.ettigreo, AI bbe
lie county; commisuioneti April 23;
iptain, J. Ii. Hollo way.
Richland Rifles, Colummbia; capttin,
aorge R. K -esteor.
Batesburg Light in fantry, Iiatesburg ;
nimmissionedl April 10; ctptamD, A. il.
!ata ,n.
Blue Ridge Rifles, Walhalba; com-*
Issioned A pril 14; c ipt ain J1. I1.. Earle.
Greenbrier Rt'fles, it ,ckton, S. C.
Bierkelu'y Light. In fantry, Peak's S. C.
Pea Ridge Rifles, Keltonu; commits
med April 12; captain, Hi. C. Liu 'li.
B. it T. Guards, Limar; commits
:med---; captain, IR F. WVilliord.
Rocky Creek Rifles, oester; captain,
C. Dye.
Elvin Guiardst, L~yra, Fliorence county ;
mrnissione~d April 26; captarin, TI. L.
Ho'ipwell Reil "4, Kinard. No .vbarry
unty ; cornmissionedi April 30; captain
P DI)vis.
Betnevolent Rifls, G ant TIo w nahmi ,
reenviylle- cornmisionedl--.; cap
in, L. Y. Mc W hir e.
Moun viule LigIt Infantry; comnmis
o-wd A pril 241 N > olli'.ra name-d.
Pomarit It fIs, l.mrntra: c.>meis
oned Aarti 16;. naptan, W. Tn nlatn
Ili kory Grove Rifles, Hickory Grove;
commissioned April 4; captain, J. 1).
Hilton RI Iles, Lexington county; com
missioned April 10; captain, 11. B. Le
Tillinan IRles, Basar". Sumter coun
ty; comuissioned April A7, Captain, It
V. Stackhouse.
Al:ttheson Rilles, commissioned--;
cantain, J. 11. Shaw.
Itichlaund Guards, Richland county;
colmmissionedl May 4; captain, S.
Internation1a Action N cecessry tor l-ht.
bilItatoni of thu, Whito Met, ,.
JONDON, Mlay '- -The international
binetallist conference was formally
opened in the Mansion 11 louse today.
The opening address vas delivered by
ex-Lord Mayor Sir David Evans. A
large number of delegates were pres
ent, Inclu(ing some of the best kno wn
of the British and foreign financiers.
Among them were Sir William Iloulds
worth, M. P.; W. L Litterdale, ex-gov
ernor of the Bank of Engl And; Sir Da
vid Harbour, exsecretary to the India
council; IHenry Chaplin, Al. P.; Samuel
Montague. M. L.; hrooks Adams of
Boston, Alass ; M1. Vanderberg, presi
dent of the Blank or the Netherlands,
Amsterdam; G. M. iloissevain of Am
sterdam,; Alphonse Allard of Brnssels;
George De iavelleye of Brussells; lion
ri Cernushi of Paris, president of the
French Bimetallic League; David lur
ray, president of the chamber of com
merce of Adelaide, houth Australia,
and president of the South Australian
Bimetallic League; Ilugh Al. Matheson
Alderman and Shieriff Diimsdale, a Lon
don banker, Thomis Salt, late presi
dent of the Bankers' Institute; Sir
Malcomb Fraser, agent general In Lon.
don for Western Australia, and A. J.
Bailfoir, exChief Secretary for Ireland.
Letters were read from Archbishop
Walsh of Dublin, the pre8ldent o the
Bank of France and ot hers, regrettleg
their inabilisy to be present.
A paper was reat 1y Prof. Shield
Nicholson, on the fall In the general
level prices in relation to the apprecia
tion of gold and the divergeuce in the
relative value of gold and silver, and a
general discussion of the subject fol
lowed.' The conference was presided
over by Lord Mayor Tyler.
Cablegrams were read from Senators
Sherman, Voorhies, Aldrich, Mturphy',
Brice, Platt, Davis, Carey and Caliom,
wishing success to the conference and
to the cuiise of binetalisin i Etigland.
A. J. Bailfour, in course o(' the dis
cussion, said he did not believe that
government regulation of coinage. if
it were done in the direct ion of making
It more at able and a fairer mtasumre 0i
value, Could be just itl ably opposed.
The natins of the worl. were now, he
said, st-andinig face to face with a great
daniger, wni-ih could only be avertetd
by the rehabilitation of siiver to it pro
per comnmrcial function. In order to
do this liternatimil action was abso
iutely necessary.
aillfour s:m there were three ('ips
tions wit h which bimetalliits had to
cope. They wf*re these: Was a douible
Sta,nrtrd possibl.-? Wa It jist? VIs
it expedIent? Scieni1sts and econo
n1usts answer these Iliest.ions with an
overwheliing "yes lie vouild not
say whether the closing of the Lndian
nilits was a Wise step, but ho did not
(ou)t that ift was the most striking at
tempt that a civilized government. had
ever made to solve a monetary dillicul
ty that was directly due to monomet
Baliour said he saw igns of achange
in English opinion. The leading coni
mercial men had abandoned their form
er ho.itility to binetallisn and come to
the conclusion that the only way to
mecet, thie grave dianger wats to restore
silver to its I oriner place as a1 circuili
tng metditui,
Alr. hrliliii-uralso said It, wats a mere
dream to suippose that each State was
abile to regulate it owvn currency inde
pendentlyv. I1, was absurd to talk of
taking am isolated view of the Biritish
currency wheni i~he action of the Unitedi
States, which had not been taken in
conitai with or from any friendly feel
ing towards G reat Biritain, had forced
upon Id(iat and1( England the adoption
of then astoun ding systemn which now
pm (varilrd in11 Inda. England's present
isoltioni was~ sel lish and stuplid. i~e
spoikt personally and for no earl~y, lie
saini Lonarti ii. CJourtney,M.l'.,read a
paper on "T'he practicability of main
iining ar ratio lbetween gold and silver
undier an in ternatlinal bi metall ic agree
iment-,'' and~ a dliscurssiont of the paper
followed. I aetters in sunpport cif bnnet
alliam were recelivedl from I nr. Fracis~
A. Walker, Archbishop Walsh and Ilioi
E'. Hi. A ndrews of Jiro wn Uini versity3.
A Ilttter was r-ead from MIr. II.- W. Can
noni, president of thie Chiase National
IBank of New York, In which the writ,
er said that. the solution of' the problem
of hi rnetarlli-smi rests with ( ient lBritain
Dr. A rondt, the emninent I Germatn finian
cier, i'xpre'ss'ell vie ws shnilr- to I hose
cont 'aleid inI Cinnton's Ie'ttxr
I iiliu i by a Untt,
No mn'vwn, Cotnn., .Amnr 27.-A
si~rnt de'O(fatth occ'tlil Tuesdaiy mnortini
att Volun11town, twelve i los fromn this
city. A Miss Wilson ret ired Mlonday
night in ipirfect he~althm with her aunti,
hinsFit -h mi, vho w as awaukenedi at iabhunt,
-I o'cloc~ik 'Tui 5'Iay miorintg by tihe cry oi
a pet cat I ha-r was restin upon1101 the girl's
ichest. M sit Fitch renmovedl Ihe cat from
tbc room, but whenl shei returned her~
'Ilece: wats gauspiig lor- breath andu inl a
few ,imnulen she wias deadh. Twvo phy
siclaus were cal lid, and for several hours
they labored byv artilcial means, but
wit houtI avil, to r-estore resplira 'ion. TLhie
medtcal e'xamincr, Dr. .Jennings, wvas
ciledt , and4 afiterm .:arefully exarmin(ig theo
b)od y gave ~rder'is that no' funeral should
be held till ind.~icatiotns if decomplosit ion
arippearedl. The do(c'ora5 mtcline to the
beht( f that the (I cung woman succumbecd
to strnmnhtion, caused by the cat,
"'iucking her blrearth."
D).-uniite ~u Juilantii.
('oLUMnUs, 0, May 1-.The Third
Ohio Gangre~ssionail District, in the
stiecial elec- muon held to (try, has ge
D~emocra'.ic by abut the uisuail inj.
(irity', 3,000 vots, electing Panul J,. S >rg,
over E. 0. RIt hbotte (it -paiblcui) Sorg
home, Mi'dher. )WI, it ronigly I~ pabit
can, give him a408 plurality, whiule
lIl4lmiltonl, ex Governor Campbell's
home, carried by the Rupublicarru at the
last, muntcipal electtion, gave him 1,183
plurabiey, n't Daryton, car ried by Mc
Kinley by 565 Votes I -st t fall, went De.
Imtoratic today by 1961. The Dtnmocratt
here are j bilan~t over the apparent
trurn In politics in their favor-.
Factories Itomuibuded tand Outt d-Foi lee
Do 0o(1 sorvice--A oxinent Under
Arinm-To nset the M 1) With Dyna
CLEVELAND, O11o, May 2.-After
the riotous demonstrations of May day
the police department awoke to the ne
cessity of prompt action, and it was de
ter mined to disperse any gathering that
threatened trouble. T is attitude on
the part of the police seemed to anger
the men, and they were in a very ugly
mood this morning. There waf a gath
ering in the public square, as there has
been daily for the past two weeks, and
ihen a start was made out Ontario
street; presumably to interfere with
a squad ot forty street cleaners. Thir
t -live ollicerS were sent after the men
in patrol wagons, and they charged the
Iimob and sca'tered it. Several heads
were broken iii the melee.
A crowd of several thousand men
then invaded the manu'acturing die
trict in the "Flats." The workmen
were driven from the Standard Paint
Works, and then an attack with rocks
and clubs was made on the Variety
lon Works. The building was badly
usd up, but the employees escaped.
Then the Upson Nut and Bolt Works
were attacked. A loaded train of coal
cars was on the track near by. The
crowd mounted upon the coal and
bombarded the Upson Works. For a
time it looked as if these buildings
would be demolished. At this point
the crowd began to become frenzied,
and the noise made struck terror
throug, h the entire floits. Most of the
crowd carried clubs, and as a body the
men had an ugly appearance. On
Scranton avenue, near the Cleveland
Canton 6outhern tracks, the crowd
gutted a scrap-iron warehouse, some
of them becoming possessors of dan
gerous weapons thereby.
The police, who had charged the mob
on Ontario street, went to the Upson
Nut Works, and no sooner had they
taken possession of the works than an
angry mob numbering thousands sur
rounded it and howled for revenge. All
I lie police of the eighth preceinct were
called out when it was learned that
the rioters ha'l penned thirty-five po
lice in the Upsan works. Learning
that a reinforcement of ollicers were
coaning, the crowd turned its attention
to Fatuiliaber's furniture factory, on
Scranton avenue, and broke all the
windows. They were about to loot the
place wnen the extra police arrived
and chased them do vin the street. The
police headed by Cipt. Enilish and
Capt. Uurns, Chiasled the crowd down to
Abbey street bridg, and the crowd
took possession or I he bridge and be
gan throwing stones and bricks at the
pol ice. i'he police, with drawn revolv
ers backed ip by the p itrol wagons,
charged, wniereipon the mob fled in all
direcuois. hle volice pursuad, and
took in charge all they could iret hold
There are few IKoglish speaking peo
plo in the mob. It was a rabble com
posed almost entirely of foreigners.
There were fully four thousand of
them when the crowd was at its great.
est strength. It dwindled rapidly,
however, when thejpolice got to work.
Mayor Ble issuedi a procla nation dur
ing the afternoon calling upon all citi.
zens to refrain from assembling to
gether for purposes of riot and disor
der, and stating that all the powers
vested in the city governmenit will be
used to enforce the law and maintain
order. The mayor also held a consul
tation with the oflicers of the Fifth
itegiment, and as a result six compa
nies of that regiment, togethier with.
tihe Cleveland Grays and the City
Guards, weure ordered to assemble ID
their armories, subject to calls for ser
vice by the mayor.
Duaring the afternoon another mob
visited the works of the United Salt
Company and drove the men from
their work. The rioters then proceeded
to the Cleveland Itoiling Mills, where
thiey had a conflict with the police.
Tihere was ab)out ten minumtos of flerce
clubbing, and then t he crowd gave way
auil scattered in every direction. Seven*
of thbe rioters, all with broken heads,
were arrested .
The Cleveland, Loraini and Wheeling
rail way conitractors, at work in Brook
lyn VrillaIg, have plaiced charges of
dynamit e in the hills surrounding their
works andi conniected them with elec
trc batteries. Dynamite bombs have
also been prepared for the defence of'
Itir workmnen.
Fearing~ trouble during the evening,
a squad of 151) police was stationed in
the publhe squaro to prevent any gath
eriig there. TLhe people of the city are
lilled wIth fear tonight that the mob
will resort, to the torch or dynamite
andi attempt to destroy factories and
prIvateo residences.
limNx \idNTAIN, Mvinn., May 2.-All
Work has been stopped in the eastern
port ion or the Mesaba Rlange and mob
rule prevails in this city. The sherif
utterly unable to cope with the lawless
and reck I sa miners, has called on Goyv
ernor Nelson for troops. An armed
ganig of 800 foreIgn wvorkers who struck
yesterday at Oliver,, Ohio, Iron King
andI Franklin [nines, reached here today
anid marched through the streets of
I ron Mouintain, terrorizing the citizens.
T'hey forced the miners in the Moun
tain iron and Rlathbone mines to stop
work ,and join them, and also -topped
,work in White & McDevitt's saw mill.
IThe rioters declaire that work in all in
diustries mnust cease. Fifty deputy
sheriffs have been sworn in. A conflict
Is feared and the town is in an uproar,
A Pculiar Accident.,
GIF-r-ooD), S. C,, May 3.,--The mail
carrier Taylor fronm here to Seminole,
met with a peculiar accident to hIs buggy
iSturlay. Whiile slowly driving along
'lie public roadi he met Mr. bmith riding
S.tr. Cane's llae stallion mnd ats he reined
Iouitto one ridle 01 the road the stallhon
tbecame uni~mianaeable and as the mal
b usimy not, by the side of the stallion he
begu kickingthe busgy with all1 the rapi.
(lity his str eugth could muster until his
legs were pinned in the spokes of the
wheel. VTe mail carrier narrowly es
capedl beingm killed, and lie managed to
iret his horse udtetaced from the buggy
wheni the stallion made a terrible - 1tort
to rehieve hii, lees, and in doing so
smashed uo three of tne wheels of tbo

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