OCR Interpretation

The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, May 24, 1894, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026913/1894-05-24/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Rusted with the'trend of politicl effars,
for he was a friend of the South, this
man retired fromn public life and devoted
himself to other pursuits aud good workA
as have made his name a household
word to America.
So that, wheu Georve Peatody, the
celebrated philanthropist who has done
so much for education in the South, died
this gentleman was app inted chairman
of the Board of Trustees to carry out
his will. This was more than twenty
five years ago and you can readily see
tnat he must be very old. At his home)
in Poston he is calmly awaiting the call
of the Master. It was our purpose, and
we uaed every effort to have him grace
thi6 occasion with his presence, but hi
physical candition did not permit. Ii
response, however, to our urgent mvita
tion, he bas sent us a letter which I will
Boston, Mass., May 3, 1894.
His Excellency Gnvernnr Tillm-in. Thr
Hon W. D. Maveld, Professor El.
ward SsJoines, Committeo.
.Your most obliging letter of the 30 1i
uit., reached me last evenin, and I
hasten to acknowledeo it wit h my IlaceI
thanks. When my illustrious friend, Mi
Peabody. to whose memory all tho rih
utes of Southern, Pchools wnsi colleeCq
rightffuliv hlnr, placed In my honwd hit
great instrumentl, of enidow ounn., a ir<
than a quarter of a century nio. am1
appointed me the permat4,- chleira.u
of his trustees, I dId noij. dream for i
moment of the duties or distincot (el
which that, appointnent. would involvr
sM heert, like that of Mr. Peiboihv, wa
wholly engr 'ased with the wlfire o t11
children of the South. and vith th
restoration (,f broherly love amion11! th
people of the Union. I cold iot h iv
imagined that I should enter my 86,
year, if at all, to be so hihh, honoredi a
your communication nnu(-unns, in lb
old State of South Carolina. Cotnsciou
of having cooperated it the extent
my ability with my fellov trustees nni
with our successive Lcierai nvntip, lb
Bears and Dr. Curry, in promuotit'g I
vital cause of education in all the S uth
ern Staes, which were included in Mr
Peabody Pe udowmefn ( I have repnat edl.
excused myself Irifr anly persoli ro
cognition. I hav found an amplo rewan1
for all I have done or ti.tepi.ed Io do) i
signal success with which the0 fl'orts o
our board have been attended ani
I cannot:, however, he iniensible, as
my Hfe Is drawing so near to ls close.
to the distinguished con lient. arrani!e d
for my approaching birtlhday. Most
heartily do I wish 1 c-uld be with Vou
at Rock Iill personally on tiat, occasion
but ape and infirmities compel me tc
deny myselt, and I can only a! eum yo
of my heartielt vzratulude.
- The Normal and Industrial Collegi
with which South Carolina ha"Is hionorc
my name has already ftulille. the ex
pectations and hop3s of its iciends, Unde
the devoted care of Preaident Johuson
May it continue to be, for ecunturics ti
come, an oronnitnt antd Rupport, to Ih
State which has so wisely and liberall:
founded it.
Believe me, geitleien, reapectfulli
and faithfully your obliged Icilow cii.
r.en. loBElr C. Wl ayrn-o.
I will say here, by Wvay of parenthe
sis,that it was through his fostering
care, as trustee of Peabody Flund, t
the Training School forTn achers,'sthrt
ted in Columbia in 1886, began (in
-work which laid the trundat ions of thi
* Institution which we are now erecting
I know I voice the sentiment 01
every man, woman anid child in th
audience and in South Carolina, that it
is altogother it and right that we have
- honored Calhoun's friend and1( eulogist
- by giving his name to Clemson's twin
sister, And I know you will all tinite
with me in the prayer that thuis grand,
good old man may be spared( at least t~e
see the fruition of our hlope1s in aissem
bling within these walls of the 60Cf
South Carolina girls for whom wve are
* preparing. Neither of these men can
receive any honor from the association
of their names with t he twvo collcges.
Let us hope that the youths of our
State from association wilt emulate
their illustrious exam ple.
This school is to be known as the
'Winthrop "1Normai" -and '-Industrial'
College. These two wvords 'Nor.
mal and Industrial" are tihe twn:
lode stars which must guide our
people out or the wildiernesE
of poverty, ignorance and st agnuation
which surrounds us. Within theti
meaning lies otur only hope the one say:
,educate; the other means work. I wouk
not be understood as claiming or intenm
ing that the women of our Siate do nol
- now work, or that they are all ignorant
Ina fact some years ago( in dhiscussing~
the causes of our depressed financial
condition, I made the aseton-n
I stick to it yet-that only I wo cliussses
of our populahtion did their (due -share
of work. No observant or fair mnd(ed
person will deny that our wives andir
daughters have met the changed con
ditions wrought b~y the emanicipat ion
of the slaves with much greatter succi as
and fortitude than the men, arnd that.
they do a mitch larger portion of work
than we do. On the other hand,'it is
equally patent thuat the bulk of the
-labor among the colored people Is per
forme~d by the men.
B~ut to ret urn to the s&ope 11md( pur
.pose of thetwo line-s of teaching wvhich
we expect to pursue here We diesire
to say that we fulily realize and undo
stand the great need of better teacherd
-teachers trained sp'eciilcally for that.
vocation. 'There are hundireds arnd
thousands of fairly well educa ted wo
men in our State, many of whom aire
are following tile noble ad(vocation of
teaching. But the mere possess5ion og
knowled gedbes not carry wviuh it thme
power of imparting it, of exciting em
ulation, of making study int erestizlg
of training children how to 'think and
exercise their reasonin't powers. .I have
often thoughut.thuat teachers are born,
no ade- and we occasionally meet
* Wipatingos k ho have a enius for lim.
* which all te 'r ae of tat scoo
wages than others of equal educaton
-who have not had the ra tim i
proof that normal training.an geu,
soloute necessity and invaluable. Wor
which has hitherto been1 done i'1 thk
time, it is our purpose to enlarge aniE
improve on that work, and it will be
our ambition to have such professors
-and inaugurate such a curriculum as
will not only furnish facilities for per
sons already educated to get this nor
mal trainIng, but to take the young
girl fresh from home and carry her
hrough al the classes up to the higli
* est proficiency in the normal depart
ment, conferring degroee for the vary.
Ing degrees of proficiency. There will
never be any restrictions as to the num
ber. of normal itudents, but we will
take all who apply for this special
But along with the normal, Co oper
ated andl of equal importance,: will be
the Industrial fea'nre of the scool.
Somebody long ago said "knowledge Is
power." In those latter days we have
also come to learn -that knowledge Is
money Inde pendence. And knowledge
coupled with skill, backed by industry,
will insure any woman, however fra
glie, absolute exemption from want
arid poverty Every father, who thinks
aright, would have his daughter, if
thrown on her own resources, able to
earn her own support. The effects of
slavery upon our habits and customs
are still plainly visible however. We
are disinclined as a people to have our
women leave home to seek their for
tunes or enter Into industrial life. The
conscquence is that, with the system of
education which has hitherto prevail
ed, prbpAring women soltly to a:-lorn
the drawing room imd society, our wo
men have been altogether helpless and
ourlsystem of education has been a
fatal blunder.
How many thousands of our women,
teniderly nurtured, carefully trained at
the expensive boarding schools, have
found t hemselves by the death of fath
er, brother or husband, thrown on their
o wn resources, left to battle with the
cold, hard 'world by tLe loss of their
protect. ,rs? Every day we come acrosi
some of th-tse, aud, while arn iucreasing
rumb-r have found -positions of late
sears ts clerks in stores, th- vast army
h ive ha:1 no other ivenus open to
them'except work as seamstresses and
iII Cottoll Factorie. 1la these lat-ter
owing to the fact that the manufactu.
ring iilsti les of our 8tate have only
'tiv. lopedi in the c.,arser fabrici, their
laior ias not be-ni very reimerat 1t
aid it i. only somght as tho dornier re
so rtI. Anyvone whio hats visitid th-,
Nortnmern ci'es and faut->rtes is sti tich
vith the pfu(itil con rast in the dress;
demenor. intelligence and . ovident
prosperity oft he skilled fvnAle la4.r
conmpar4-il wi h I hit which we sea titero
i'i i h San!.h. We c-mn and 'ntt cliigo
In the hiduistrial depart ment of this
college it is our intoutioni to teach
everything aid mave tle students priac
I ico every iudustri Al art th.t will led
to lindepenlenIce. Music will le taught
btt only as an indlutrial art--in ot tir
words, with Bo iiticn proficiency only
inl singing and playing a1Is will insure 4
ivelihood. As an ornament it will not
he taight at all, and those lacking in
3 spi cial talont will not recivvE tition
if) it Iut don'. inderstand mo as
me10n.01 ig that. wo Intend Only Lo lit.
'hie whoi ter the indusit rial deipart
ie-inis for inaking their own suqpport.
We will ha:1ve i Jaundry, where lie
girls do their own washing wnd Ironing.
Ilhe (livniUtry and practice of cookery
will be tauight and everything connect
ed with litusekeepi fig. 'The dining
room and iressmaking departmets,
11d all ti, goes to make up those
thousand and ong things which a
wonlim has to do t., make a pleasant
hiomte will be taught in the best man
ner possiblo. They will be taught by
having them done by the students
themselves, for we will have no ser
vatls except for the drudgery work.
All the distinctions of wealth vill be
done away with. Elvery pupil in the
school will be requited to wear a uni
- oriu and a girl's whole clothing outlit
for a year will cost not exceeding $20.
I'm getting im deep witer here, for I
ai not altogether skilled in this de
1)artment, wut I know every father and
husband will sympathize with our as
pirations along this li.ne, and I will
simply say as a corollary that I have a
daughter off at boarding school who
has ben gone nearly a year. She car
ried oft a big Saratoga trunk futll and
- her mother has sent her so many diress
v s since she left that she will have to
t, buy another trunk to get baick homie
- withI. Anid we are dIetermlined that nio
girl shall leave' the WVinthirop College
with or brinig to it a Saratoga truink.
There will be no conilict or rivailry be
tweeni the normal andl~ inidustrial do
partmnenits. In fact the normal stui
dents will bo required to take indus
trial training it ordler that we may he
able to have manual training tauight
by the Winthrop graduates in our tree
common schools, when this feature
shtall be gratted on to our school sys
tem, as we hope to see done ere long.
Now I'm going to do some very plain
talking. While our asp$iations and
ambitions are all In the direction of
fitting women for self-support, both as
the teneher and as followers of' induts.
trial avocations, I want it understood
that I, at least, amn irrevocably opposed
to anything being done or taught here
that ill tend in the slightest degree to
rub) the bloom off the peach. God for
bid that this school shall evdr send
forth a woman wvho has been unsexed.
WVe would have the clingmnig, helpless
creature abile to stand erect and walk;
we would have thie bird If necessary'
given ings to fly from home sick ave
-mnues of independ (ence; but never, nev
er, never have any of the daughters of
I South Caroline, who shall be trainedt
I wit hin trese wvalls, by reason ol' the
st rength and10( self-resp'ect which we
hope to impiart hecrehbecoime of her t han
helpful wives and happy, self-respect
fuil mot hers. Woman's special prov
in-com in life is that of a home-maker.
I ier greatest glory, her prouidest dlis
iictiou,, the object of her creation, in
fact, is that of miothierholod.
", Woman,(Godi's las t,best gift to man,''
Is associatend wvithI alI th.t is brighlt est
and nioblest and10 besit in meni's lives. A',
danglhter, sister, sweetheart, wife,
mother, she is an i tispiFitrai anid a so
lnce. As a wife, she doubln a man's
joys arid halves his sorrows, simply by
sharing them ; but the hi-lest, puirest.
most self sacrificing lo.ve ini the world
is that of a rnt her. It is to lit women
to be mothers--high, noble, p~roperly
trined mnothiers, thu liar ural and~ prop
or guiardians of' chiioren--that this
school is founlded. We will start it in
that pith, gi ve it, the bIas andl(1 drec
ion to which it should be held, and(
thus best discharge the high dutty im
posed upon us by those who have
placedl us in control.
Contrast lie picture I have drawn of
a woman trained in all-the domestic
arts and economics andi~ some bread
winnoing occipation; self-re'lit and
strng, yet withal modest, self-respec',
tog arnd ladylike, with what we srome
times see, oftenor read about-a strong
mindled, hold, brazen, pert, selrf-assert
leg female,prating of "woman's rightsa"
man's,ty ran ny and aol fish ness,the deg ra
dation of nursi ~g children, and so on
adnauscam--thcl fIrst a pictitre to flls
trato WordsvWor th's noble linies:
"She wvas a phantoam'of dlel~iht *
When first sho gleamed upon01 m'y sight 1
A lovely ap~parltioni, sent'
10' he a moment's ornament;
1-er eyes as stars of twilight fair,
IA ke twIlights, too, lion dusky hair,
liut all thhiigi elso about her drawli
Fromn May-timo and. the choorful dawn.
" A croaturo~ not to') bright or good
For human niature's daIly food;
ortransient sorrows, simple wiles,
Thrao blme. love, kisses. .tear ani smilIey
'rhd rmsonfn, the temperate wvll -
A pduaco fornag1 obltrongill mand'skill;.
'i'o warn, to comfort'al command."
fo ot ohae ee sun he praises,
all right Winking men and womein ofn
be pretty .well set forth in the lat lin
of a piece of doggerel brought homne
from school a few~days agoby my itt
tIo s1X-year-old danghter Whoto
great delight In repeatinglit: o O
"I know a little girl
With 6 little curl
Hanging right down her forehead,
When she Is good,
She is very, very good;
But when she is bad she Is horrid."
These composite, unnatural, unsexed
women, strivieig to be like men, and te
do like men, have lost all of the ilnei
graces and charms which have altwayc
made men the slaves of the sex, and
have gained nothing in exchange ex.
cept their own morbid self-esteem.
Such wouen are simply "horrid," and
it will be the ambition and care of all
friends of this gollege that it shall
never send forth and harbor one ol
these "horrid" creatures. Every tru
man - acknowledges the existence and
pays due respect to !'woman's rights.'
Wordsworth gives her the right t
command, and all men sinde Adam sel
us the example in obedience, even t(
do evil, have obeyed when the behes'
was given by a true woman in a worn
anly way.
The young men who will be trainet
at Clemson in the manner I have indi
cated will natur'ally look higher and
seek, anong.the students who will flocl
to Rlock 11111, for their future help
meets. They are even hero nnw recon
noit~oring the ground, and after Win
throp gets fully under way I think thal
it ought to bo the fixed policy of thi
ImIanlagemnent of the two colleges t(
havn frequienrt migrations to and fro
for it will inspire and help the boys tu
come here and the girls will be equally
benelltted by an occasional ex mursion
to ulemson. The Ylliruce- is a natural
one and the two schools run into eact
other, and a e just as much bone o' onf
bane. 11 -sh of one l-h, as though al.
ready married. l3ut I must basten to ii
conclusion and loave to -the distin
guishied or-itor of the day a fuller and
11r1e i'loquenxt discussion of thesa
th eles.
ii. fore closimg I want to give empha
s,. to one thought. I have already
pointed out the unanimity with which
men of all classes, conditions and ideas
have joined hands in aiding to erect
tihis school. It is the one thing and
the only thing upon which the men of
South Carolina are at present united.
()iy alluding, in pasinug, to the divis
ions mid bitterness whien exist among
our people, allow me to express the
hope that this point ot union may
Iro w arid spread: Lhat the inspiration
of this day may prove a harbinger, and
iel) to hasten the restoration of that
harm my and filendly feeling which
once existed, anti which must nec'essa
rily return before we can liave any
great degree of prosperity. Our inter
esw are one, our ancestry the same
let us yield to the rule of justice and
reason and the government of the ma
jority, for we be brethren. Why not
dwell together as brethren ?
As in the days of old the ancient
8abines were brought to peace with the
Rm)nians by the women who had been
seized and borne off captive to become
the wives of the latter, so may the
women of South Carolina become our
peacemakers. Let them take hold of
the work in earnest; go to all the cam
paign meetings in full force to make
their fathers, husbands and brothers
behave themselves, and at the end of
the summer we will have "something
better thai prohibition" or the sub
treasury; peace in all our hearts, peace
iU ill our homnes.
RIIromd Rumors.
The News and Courier, of last Thurs
day, says it has been a good many years
since anything like the activity which
11a1 prevailed recently has been mnan
t ested in Charleston railroad affairs.
T'he interest in the recent; sale of the
South Carolina Rtaiiway and the more
recent formation of the South Carolina
andl~ Georgia RWiilroad Company has, of
course, been universal and very absorb
ing. In the flurry which hams attended
these events sight has been pratially
lost of some other iItters which are
of great importance to Charleston. Rle
cently there'has been a good deal of
talk about one company or another be
ing organized to build a road between
'Charle-ston and 'Augusta. The first
rumor of this effect originated in
Augusta. A dispath 'fromn that city,
which was published some time ago ini
Thie Newsa and Courier, stated that tihe
Louisville and Nashville systems had
some idea of purchasing the Port Roy
ali and Augusta Road, and of building
a line from Fairfax to this city. For
a while this scheme was pretty exten
sively discussed, and created con
considerable comment in more
than one section of the coun
try. Interest in such a project is
no0w very vividly revived by certain
statements which Were made yesterday
The facts given came from reliable
sources and are worth consideration.
A gentleman wvho did not want his
name given, but who said his informna
ibm wvas thoroughly reliable, said to a
lHyuportedl: "Were you aware that at
th is very moment the Atlantic Coast
Line system is engaged in making
prelimintary surveys t or a line Cf road
bet ween this city and Augusta? It is
ai fact, and y ou will be perfectly safe
in making thle statement~ As I under
standl ihe matter the Cost Line people
have been thinking about this project
f r somn. time past. T'hetr idea is to
build1( a roatd from' Ashley Junction in
as s:raight a line as is practicable to
Augtisto, and they now have out a
party of enginieers making a survey for
such a route. The Coast Line never has
much to) say about i's own buliness;
bu'tvwheni it makes up its mind to do a
thing it, irenerally loses very little time
in rioing it. It i8a powerful system,with
prac~ticahy unlimited means at its com
mand, antd it can very easily build this
niew- road it iii hae mind to." Anot
her gentleman whio knew the facts
which are stauted above said: "My idea
about it, ic that the Cost Line Is very
anxious to got into Augusta. That
system'u has bien restive ever since it
was shut oult of participation in a
very' rich Georgia tarfl6 by the loss of
theu Charlotte, Colutm bia and Augusta
lioad. Tihe management hats never
ceased to cast aroundl for some means
of rAecpturing the territory thtus lost.
I have been informed that the surveys
for tihe Chiarjeston and Augusta road
are actually heing made at the present
time, and as I take it there is something
more than mere talk in tihe scheme.
The Coast Line is al ways oni tihe alert,
It is always reaching out in one direc
tion or anotner Thej Wilson Short Cut
was no sooner linishedi than lte D)en
mark extension was begun, and now
that the D~enmairk Road is being corn
pletedl it will not be long before you
wvill see the Coast Line laying an other
track. If ibis not betwveen Charleston
aund Augusta it will be somewhere
To lurn 0il,
AUllolA, Ills.,- May 13 --'l0 the
vnrde of' the Chicago, Burlington and
Qaincy lailroad company a number of
iccomotives are no0W beIng ;rovided wIth
appalratus f r burning oil. It Is said that
Ii will take but a short ilme to equip
every engine belonging to the company,
with tlus appliance. Superintendent F,
C. Rico is enthusiastie over tihe prospects
of being able to do away with coal.- He
siys it Is much cleaner and that its uge
will'leave locomotives in much Jetter
condition than coal; it will last much
longer, weigh less- and occuny less
space, aind hence will give much room
for Water-an important considerailmn.
What the Daily Papeu. Think of alio
We append below the comments of
the daily papers in South Carolina on
the Governor's letter to the Alliance:
The Columbia Register, which, as all
know, is a Reform paper, says:
- Governor Tillman's letter td Chair.
man Mitchell contains matter of inter
est, calculated to arouse deep thought.
That letter is one of the most striking
'treatises on national politics which has
appeared in a long time; by it the pow
er of the Alliance and the part it ought
to play are most citarly set forth. An
unthinking reader of that letter might
come to the conclusio, that Governor
Tillman and the Alliance wore travel.
ing on different paths, but such a con
clusion would do violence to the whole
tenor of the letter. The difference be
tween the Governor and the Alliance
are more apparent than real; in aim
in hope, in purpose, they are one, and
they only differ as to how they shall
accomplish the same thiugs--an(I even
in this their variance is but slight
Governor Tillman tells a plain truth
when he says that Alliancemen are
largely to blame for the fact that Alli.
ance ideas are not completely -in the
ascendant throughout the South. The
fact that the Alliance in this State is
in much healthier condition than in
any other State is due to Tillman more
than any other man, and this fact is re
alized by the Alliancemen of other
States ats well-as of this State. While
smie Alliancemen may be inclined to
take exceptions to some parts of his
letter, they will acknowledge its wis
dow and its boldnesi. "A lird in the
hand is worth a doz-n in the bush," and
a man is more apt to get a bird in the
hand if he concentrates his efforts upon
the capture of one bird than if he tries
to catch a dozmn at once. This is home.
ly philosophy,but it Is the philosophy of
Governor Tillman's letter and will
bear testing. While the masses have
been trying to secure a dozen reforms
they have secured none, and have
never lost ground. Governor Tillman's
advice is that effort be concentrated
upon the task of securing the most im
portant and the most needed reforms
now; then when they have been
brought about, it will be time to fight
for other . and less needed reforms.
This is practical, hard, common sense.
If tried its. worth will be proven- be
yond the shadotr of a doubt. Governor
riliman has raised a star dard under
which Reformers 'throughout the
Union may array themselves and can
secure victory. The standard bears
this inscription: "Free silver, more
greenbacks and gold--all legal tender
and all receivable for any and all dues,
public and private."
That is a platform broad enough for
a party to stand upon. Success under
that standard will not be secured with -
out a struggle, but success can be se
cured under it. The above sentence
expresses the most crying need of the
country today. When that need is
done away with, the national reform
era can decide what next to fight for.
The Columbia State, Conservative,
The Governor "readily and will
ingly promises" to vote on the lines he
has indicated "without regard to any
caucus." 'He justifies this by saying
that the Northeasto-n Democrats have
set us an example on that line which
will be a suficient excuse for all time."
"The Gold Bug Democrats," he adds,
"refused to caucus on the repeal of the
Sherman law last summer." Yes, and
they were bitterly denounced by thme
Governor's organs for doing so, and
called by them "Re~publicans" and
"traitors." No w the Governor proposes
to follow their example and do wvhat
lie heartily disapproved of their doing.
We take the liberty of reminding him
that just before this declaration he
wrote of a similar imitation, "It can
not be defended, because two wrongs
never made one right." We find no
where in the letter any referenice to
Democratic principles or the national
Democratic platform. The objections
he has to Governmentill loans to the
people and government ownership of
railroads and telegraphs are apparently
conceived without reference to the
principles or policies 6of Democracy.
One important question in the Alliance
catechism the G overnor passes over in
silence. THe does not say .whether he
will or will not bind himself to vote
against any and all persons who refuse
to pledge ,support to the Alliance de
mands. The persistent Mr. Mitchell
might find It advantageous to make a
supplementary inquiry on this point.
Incidentally the Governor says that
he did not in 1892 oppose the adoption
of the Ocala platform by the May con
vention-thoughi "unalteraoly opposed"
to at least one of its feature i-in order
to keep "hot-headed Alliancenten from
splitting off into a third party." ilhat
is to say, he subordinated principle to
policy, and consented to the ad~option
of the populist platform in order to
keep P'opulists in the control of thie
Democratic party machinery. Ocalites.
and Popuiists in other States made a
"fatal blunder"-in being honest and
going out of a party whose principles
they opposedi; they should have re
mained in the party and betrayed it.
"South C3arolinam sets her sisters a wise
example in 1892," andl "it 1s incumbent
on her to repeat it in 1894.'' "it is time
to be formulating tihe plarform and
marshalling the people for 18961. Tlhat.
is to say, this year the hypocrisy .of 1892
must be repeated, and the people drill
ed so as to go in 18961 into the Gover
nor's propnsed new ailver party when
he gives tihe word. This is the resul'
of our analysis. We are not able to
say whether the letter will suit the
Alliande, for it is not aj complete suir
render. But it certainliy will not suit
the Democracy.
The News and Courier, Conservative,
In his letter to the chairman of the
executive committee of the Fermers'
Alliance, Governor Tiliman explains
his position upon the "demands" of the
Alliance, it will be observed that he
dloes niot "stanti fairly and squarely"
upon the"denmands." Somne of them he
will advocate, others he does not favor,
but all of them, ho makes 'it very clear,
ho will swallow if such an act of (deglul
tition be found necessamy to the cap
ture of the entire Alliance vote of the
State in Governor 'Tillman's race for
the Senate. "11f they choose to retire
me to private life," says the Governor
"I will cheerfully abide their will;" but' t
he does not leave any 'room to doubt
that he will leave no stone unturned to
make his position thoroughly agreeable
to the Alliance voters .of the State.
There is one of the "demands" to which
he seems unalterably opposed, namely,
that the Government shall lend money'
to the farmers at a low rate of interest
but we fear that he would abandon
this entirely proper position upon com
pulsion or'persuasion, lie is not in a 1
position at this time to refuse any uin- 1
reasonable demand that may be made I
umpoki him, and- we think that ,.another<
etter from the Hion. Thomas P. Mitch
3l1 would bring him to the ground. Hie I
bold Mr. Mitchell in his letter of April'
18, "I am a candidate for Wnited States 1
Senator ar d if elected will vote
>n l all questions as my noin
dfcence and judgmentdictate."
told ' Mr. Mitcell - in his
ter of May 15 that "if elected Senat
he Will strive to abolish the natlo
banks,. to provide for the free coin
of silver at a ratio of 10 to 1 and to
crease the circulating medium t(
least 850 per capita.' These "dmotan
as the Governor says incorporate '
sub treasury idea ahd the lendins
money at a low rate of interest." .q
listen to the Governor', the same 1:
man who told Mr. Mitchell on Apri
that he would "vote on all questioni
my conscience and judgment dicta1
listen to what he tells Mr. Mitdhell
May 15: "1 also can advocate and Ii
for all the other 'demands' except t
I doubt the wisdom or practicabilit1
the government owning and rumni
all railroads, telegraph and teleph
lines." I will vote on all questioni
my conscience and judgment dictf
but I can advocate and voto foi' all
demands of the Alliance although
my conscience and judgment they u
be unwise and impracticable. Gov
nor Tillman's letters are remarks
for the information they contain of
complete and abject surrerider to
Alliance and his contempt of the I
tional Democracy. They do not esti
lish his courage, although they sh
how lightly he holds his allegiance
the Democratic part.y.
The Charesion 6un, Neutral, says
Hurrah for Governor Tillmanu 'I
bold stand taken by him against
Alliance's catechnical demands of c
didates 'establishes t'eyond quest,
his independence as a man and
worth as a leader, It is the most a
prising stroke in the career of this
markablo man. In his original i
swer to the Alliance catechism Gov
nor Tillinan wrote: 1 am a cat-didk
for United States Senator, and it ele
ed will vote on all quest ions us !
conscience and judgment dictate. I
as I shall not, if elected Senator, rep:
sent myself but the people, I would
all times obey the inst ructions of t
party in the State to which I belo
as set fortb in its platform. - lurr
for Tillman, the Democrat.
.An Enquiry to Rogin.
COILUunIA, S. C., May 16.-A co
of inquiry for the investigation of 1
conduct of the coiripanies which failed
resipold to ' .h call of Govi
nor ,Tillman during the Dar!n
tou troub!e has been appoint
and will begin Its iivestigations in
week. The investigainon will be sear<
ing. Thet m, mbre of the court arc mi
tary men and no matter what 'nay
their political feeling the.. will mak a r
port in accordauce with the iacts a
the evidence. The following eeneral c
ders regarding the court were issued v<
terday: Executive Oflice,
Ollee oi Adjutant and Inspector Gen.
Columbia, S. C., May 15, 1894.
General Ocder No. 9.
A court of inquiry consistiug of Brig
dier General R. N. Richbourg, Brigadi
General E. J. Dennis, Col. Woie Jon
and Capt. J. T. Barron, Judge Adv
cate, is hereby ordered. Said court w
convene in Charleston, S. C., on Tue
day, the 22,3 day of May, 1894, to ma
Inquiry and report to these headquarte
on the following points:
First. OAs to Brigadier General T.
Huguenin, commanding the Fourth B
gade, in failing to report with his cot
mand at Darlington on March 30, und
orders from theseheadquarters.
Second. As to whether any of the b:
gade, regimental or comp1any eflicers
men of' said Fourth BrigadIe are respon
ble for said disobedience of orders; if a
who and im what degree.
Third. To examine into the behavi
of the oflicers andl men belonging|,to ti
N'aval Battalion in Charleston and
tiont Pesant during that occasion al
Fcurh. A soo asthe inquiry here
>rdered shall be completed the said cou
will convene in Columbia and invest iga
the conduct of the oicers and men
the'Second Brigade of Inlantry and t1
Bordon Volunteers, Cap. .L. T. Izhr
sommandmeg, who failed to respond
orders from- these headquar ters on Mar
29, 30 and 31st, 1894. Such inqui
will De seaching andl the opinion ot U
court as to the degree of guilL in en
case will be reported in these findings.
By order Commander-in-Chnef.
OliilB. 1t. T iIA M A N, Govern or.
J1. G..nyt W A'T'Ts, As4 A. & I. Gen,
Murdteroed .fr her Mioney,
ATLANTA, Ga., May 17.-Atlan
has a murder mystery which has great
afiected the residents of a large sectit
of the city and whiich may result in
lynching, though any outbreak of thi
nature has so far :been prevented, [rI
dea~d body of Mrs. Marv Lilly, one'
the beat known women of' thec city, Wi
fo~und ear'ly oneo morninig in heor honnie
the suburbs.' She was laying on the ibj
. i her kitchen and lying against her neCi
was a pair 01 toncs. Ievestigatioi
shiow~ed that she had been at ranivled wil
Ltiese tongs. There were no marks
violence tupon the body except those c
,he neck. The murder had been coti
rniuttedl Ior robbery. Mrs..Lilly wviasb
invedl to have money in her house, anl
.he plance was ransacked hv the murde
si'o from garret to cellar. lier shoes ht
been taken off'. evidenely mi the seart
or concealed bills. Suspicion points
george llawkins, a negro living c
the Lilly place, andt George Yancy, hi
friend. Both were arrested1, andi it we
with . ditticulty that the police preven
their bei..g 1l nched by indignant neigi
bors. IBoth neg'roes are ex convicts.
la believed t~hey had accomplices. Mr
Lilly went to Atlanta in the early seve:
tIes. She was the wife of the bandma
ter of' the Sixteenth United States infal
try. After her husband's deati, al
marrierf a well known theatrical ma:
ger named .Javis. She obtained a i
vorce from him andl hiad since been
physician with a large priactice. Si
mad accumulated coosiderablo propert;
mdt was believed to keel) several thou:
ndl tdollars im her house. She did has
few hundred dollars, but the mnurde,
nra failed to find it. Mrs. Lilly iormnei
y resided mi Columbia andi had two son
u the United States army statione
here. Both of thi young men were we
:nown and took part in many smusici
ntertainmnents. Prof. Charles Lill
Iso taught t~he Silver Cornet Band
hat city.
In flad L.uok,
LNEWV YORK, iNay 13.-The Ltev. D)
L'almage's (ne w Tabernacle, at the co
er of Cli ntoni and Green avenue
3rooklyn, was burned at noon todaa
L'he Hiotel Regent adjoining and sei
ural dwelling houses in the vicinit
veme ailso destroyed. The loss is est
nated at #1,000,000. ThIs is the thir
ine Dr. Taimage has lost his churc
)y fire. When the fire started lie wi
n the church sur~undied by a numbn
>f his congregation, but' all escapet
l[e was moved to tears as he witr'esse
he destruction of the beautiful edinici
['hree firemen were injured during tb
ire, not -fatally, how ever, and thei
were scenes of panic as tule fre pr<
Thiq Woither and Urop ulietlin
ige - the Past. wecek,
)l COLUMBIA,. C., May 10-The
dj" lowing is the weekly bulletin or
the condition of the weather and or
of in the State, issued yesterday by St
ow Observer Bauer:
old The week ending with Sunday 1
128 characterized for its uniformly fai
i as able conditions, and, except for a I
e;" local hail storms and some high w
on which did a little damage to cot
wht and grain, the weather was all t
hat could be desired. Many corresponde
r of spoke of it superlatively as "very go
inag "Ideal" and like expressions. In i
me nearly all the reports were corrob(
I as ti ve, from the mountains to the co
ite; From the counties of' Richland,
the angeburg, Sumter, Clarendon;
in- Williamsburg, come the least fa,
tay able reports, for in those counties
er- showers were least copious and not
ble general, but oven in those coun
his there was some rain. The most mar
the improvement was shown in the soi
Ta- eastern portion of the State where
ib- rainfall wts quite heavy an' gene
ow being sufilcient to relieve the drou
to and revive vegtationexcept small gr
crops which are too near maturity
be much benefitted. The temperati
was slightly above the n~rmal the
'he tire w-ok, with somewhat less than
he average amount of sunshine, Show
mn. were numerous and well distribu
on over the entire btate. The rainfall i
his excessivo at many places, but
air- ground being very dry soon absorbpc
re. and permitted farm .vork to go
Lm- Weeds have not yet proved troul
vr- some.
te Cotton is coming to a good sti
at- from late April planting and May
nY planting just coming up promises i
ut also. Chopping out and working
progress everywhere. Much sea imil
at cotton replanted and looks well.
he Corn of healthy color but very
rig even stand owing to much replanti
all on account of worms, the latter be]
still troublesome in many places. Th
is little improvement to note in whi
and oats. Sweet potatoes being plan
Irt delayed in localities waiting for m
ho rain'. Sprouts plentiful. Irish potat
. not uniform in condition. Colort
ir- beetle and drought having caused cc
siderable damage. Melons doing wo
and beginning to "run to vine." C
dition of rice ranges from ~"fair"
a "very good." Tobacco counties need]
!more rain. No fruits except some I
h- (second crop,) some varieties of gral
o and blackberries. Truck farms a
0- gardens much improved, and hea
Id shipments continue from the I
ir. counties. Pasturage and grasses
a- general doing well. Generally spe
ing the season is later than usual, I
the farmers have been enabled to k(
Nell up with their work owing to fi
orablo weather. Every thing consid
a- ed, the outlook for agricultural
er terests is most encouraging.
The following places reported o
" inch, or more, of rain during the pi
- week: lllackville 1.50; Charleston 1,
ill McComick 1 41, Greenwood 2.45; Wal
5- 3.51, Hardeeville 1.91, Allendale 1.1
ke St. Stephens 3.64, Hunter 1.65, Gree
rs ville 1.10, Central 1.30, Heath Sprin
1.50, Canden 155, Loopers 100, Lit
1 Mopntain 1.80, Cross Hill 1.28, Be
i fort 1.55.
er A Fearful Crime.
.JAUKSONVILLE, Fla., May 14.
1i. special to t'je Times- Union f-rom Oca
>r Fla., says: Neil Young, a negro, we
si- to the house of Mrs. Iholmes, a wid<
o, lady living near South Lake Weir, ti
.morning abou: 3 o'clock, and enter
rthe room of her twvo daughters, ag
to 13 and 15. In drawing the cover<
tthe girls the'negro awoke them. Th~
dresisted, and he snapped a pistol
dthem three times, but it did not~explos
This so frightened the girls that t
unegro succeeded in ravishing the old
one Mrs Holmes was aroused about til
to the negro had acompllshed his purpo
>t and rushed into the room occupied
ie her daughters. T1he negro intimidat
ur the mother with his pistol-. When tc
.0 by the elder daughter that~ the neg
:h had ravished her, the mother begg
ythe brute to kill her and the outrag
10 child. After threateging to return ai
kill them if the alarm was given, t
negro left. As soon as day dawned t
fearful story was told and a posse b
gan pursuing the negro. lie was trat
ed to an old 'church and captured ai
brought back to Ocala and lodged
j~ril. It is rumored that an attem
will be made to lynch the negro1
lyA New Bond Issne.
it WASIIINGTON, May 14.-The redi
a' ion ot the treasury gold below $94.001
it 000 has started a new speculation as
ce is new bond Issue. When the rece
01 bond issue wvas made the treasury gc
s~ had decimed to $05,000.000, but wi
in the prnoiii hmgh rato of xchange it
rn known that gold wIll 11->w from us. Si
k retary Carlisle (lid not deem. it wise
is prbmlf the gobt reserve to fall bolt
$ 65,000..000, and it is argue -that
wiginot new permit it to tail below t1h
Ii hliure. The tcoper of congress is sti
t that. no legislation is ex pected on1 finaS
>- cial measures to strengthen the trenau
(d so il leaves thue secretary with no diser
r-Lion except to use the nleans law giv
dI him by selling bonds t.o replenish t
h treastiry wheni it is depleted 01 gold.
-0 far nco step) looking, towards a bond ist
n have been taken, and ii the gold outp
is ceases none will be necessary, bi
5 among~ well- informed treasury oficial
d1 if the present condlitions continue, bol
U' issue it the near futuroesa looked upon
CL almost uoavoidable.
' lowing letter was puollahed in yestc
d (ay's Rlegister: While I sincerely a
preciatme the many kind expresslol
- from friends of the Reform moveme
a of the State, deslring me to become
e candidate for the position of Govern<
P, in tho ensuing. elction, I have concl
-(ded after a thorough canvass of ti
e situation, that the interest and fin
.success of the movement, as conter
.platedl gi the beginning, will be bett
a suibserved by my declination than othe
a wise. It therefore becomes my dui
11 to anntounce to the public that I w:
not bo a candidate for the position
yGoyernor of South Carolina. I w:
Vgive my cordial and undivided suppo
to the candidate who best represen
the interest of the farmers and Al.
anco men or the State. -RBelieving th;
the interest of the Alliance will be be
r. subserved by this course, I hope th;
L- my friendls throuighout the .State wi
, take the same view of the matter.
- W. D. EVANs,
- Lynched.
STOPIXA,'May 13,'-A special to Tj
Capitol from Sharon Sprines, Karl
rsays: Williain McKinley and his 8<
Lewis wefe lynched for the murder
Charles Carley, a son-in-law of Willia
. McKinley, a week ago, Fred McKinle
e another son of Willham McKinle, col
e fessed the crime, and said he had bee
-induced to commit it by lisa father at
brother Lewis. .
Musical Home$ are Happy xiomes.
Have yon ever noticed it? Call to
for mind the homds of your friends who'
have a good Piano or Organ In the
house. Are they not brighter' and
fol- mpre attractive than th6e where the
divinejart of music never enters ? To
the be sure it costs to buy a good instru
ops ment, but it lasts many years, and Will
ate pay its costs many a thousand times
over by interesting the young folks in
Vas their homes. Don't make the mistake
or- though, of investing haphazard. Poot
ew yourself thoroughly by writing Ludden
lnd & Bates Southern Music House, Savah
ton na Ga., the great music house'of the
hat South, established in 1870. They have
uts supplied 50,000 Instruments to South
D ern homes, and have a reputation for
his fair prices and honorable treatment of
1ra- customers; and they represent the lead
ast. inog pianos and organs of America
Or- They take pleasure in correnaanding
And with you, sending free catalogues, etc.
ror- Write them.
ties .m4 PiE Ier RoUd
ra d o ai gua and Se What You Cas Sol
Rht- I
11la ;Z,)~T~l 51' .-.3
to 1* . H U .: u1 ^ *,
ire A
en- -41C F. n w
ted $69 r .
V6 9 o, ----3
Jlst I ntroidive th'-m.
Uie &No (reiht imid on this Or.
I it -gia.- uaranited to bi a
'A .0ricau or uoey re
3n. '**'tl d.~
)le- -'~ ~
-- -rm (%ah-, Rocking Chatir DI van,
'd ' *..i -w- rith $45. will deall,
-.- This No.'
aig W~~ ~ ill
with 2J
3te 1pieces of
Lre ware vl1
)es edt o
por fiii
)n- A G S*WiN G caM-1a
to wit 1111All aLtiwiatints, for -
ng .---O NLY $1 0. r,-----i
d.0.l.vered (n your .tepot
gs .ric rvgul'r rte of tia
?es BU00Y Is )(my to 75 tillers.
nd The nainurtu- r ays all
VYtheexpensxes and)( I RVll them
to you for 562.13.743
DW And guarantce everv one a
in s No freight paid
ik sia Buggy~
tlt A $4 PIANrE
1st deliverd .tyour de at
59, frel gh I r -
A Sernd for catalojues o lurniture, Cookng
9, Moves Baby Carriages. ticyolee, Organs, P1-.
r_ os ea Sata, in:.xr :Iets, Lamps, &e., anii
go BAVE?A0NFV. A*Sdrms
tie L.P.PADGTT "Srt"
ed 4'.~For Agricuu
ed - tural and~ Gin
)ff I("''~eral Plantation
ey 'j Use,bhave earns
at )e~ d theirreputa-.
he. tion as the best .
er For Simplicaty
sby fuel and water '
ed - . TE TOsEn
id - fHas no Equal.
0- - -
c- p
to ~D I~O
w Times Hard
at OGNS Prices Low
l'y(Pnly 5Q90 for'a Sluperb) M ASONr &
10 'tops. Iich Case. :5 cash
es anstd $3 anontlhly. IededucedrI
le frorni '$115. WVacIT a US.
onmly$6;0. 4sets Iteeds,1i8 p. e
e~Weary, te .
IL Lovely New i4tlx at 86 an
*75. w nITE Ufs. '
Ei asnt Now P*lano, only $22.
iWaTre Us.
Tremnadouis bagaina In neasrly i~
lift ~ new Planos and Organa, used f~
a ifo only. w. ICITK UJs.
If you wantj. Piano or Organ
now is the f Ini to buy i0
II0T. Wum~rax Us.
-Wrlit us asnyhaow. T1rad1o ia r
r. dull and you can't askc more
p.o nestions about, Pianos tad
Organs than we want, to an
[)t wer. Tiry it, pleaseo.
li- And I Sell the Best in the Marlket. Writo
tto me Before Buying.
st Shingle Machines,
t Stave Macbines,
11 Brick Machines,
Planing Machines,
Swing Saws,
Band saws,
Gang lRip Saws,
and all kinds of
10 - wood working machines.
Grist Mills $115 to $250.
'' Saw Millif $190 to $400. 1
>n Watertown Engines and Boilers.
of Talbott Engines and Boilers. -
mI Seed Cottoll Elevators.
Cottoh Glins and Presses,
i- HIGH{ and. LOW GRADE.

xml | txt