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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, June 28, 1894, Image 1

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Senafor Evau Made a Speech and Hs
Some Passes with the Orowd-POpO au
Tindal Do Their Pevoir-The 0 li
Candtdates Did Not Speak.
.Rfoo HILL, June 18.-The gre:
Senatorial contest has be gun. Durin
the early hours of the day hundreds i
people were congregated around Turn
er's Hotel, where both Butler and Til
man were quartered, and It was a Butie
crowd, the followers of the G overne
not coming up Into town in large nun
Two hundred - Butlerites arrived yet
terday. Fifty of them came from Edge
field and the remainder from Greenville
At 6:30 this morning the train from Col
umbla brought 450 more, all wool-hai
hardy looking fellows, from Union
Fairfleid and stations aloog the C. C
& A. road. A good many others came
in about 10:30 from the direction o
Charlotte. The audience at the meeting
numbered about 2,000. One of the noI
able passengers from Columbia wa
Newbold, the dispensary detective. H
had to stand some mild guying from th
country boys.
Shortly alter 10 o'clock th is morning
Senator Butler made a ten minutes talI
to 250 of his supporters in Armory lal.
He started that a rumor had been Mr
culated and telegraphed that Governo
Tillman was to be assassinated prompt
ly at noon by a prearranged plan. H
desired to state that so far as lie knew
the rumor was unqualifiedly false. He
bad never, he said, done or said a wor<
to cause a biench among the white
people, nor would he. He hoped his
friends would scatter theniselves at thi
'ieeting as they would at any othe
meeting. He thanked them for theii
presence and hoped they would go to
Yorkvllle tomorrow. He had no fen,
for himself, and he did not see any rea
son why anybody should wish to kil
him, but he supposed he could as wel
af'ord to die now as ever.
The Senator remarked that the
State executive committee had passed E
rule requiring candidates to announce
themselves by June 17, and that In com
pliance he had written the following let
Edgefield, S. C., June 16, 1894.
To Mr. D. H. Tompkins, Secretary o
Democratic Exactive Committee
Columbia, S. C.:
Dear Sir: I hereby announce mvsel
as a candidate for the United State:
Senste for the term beginning March 4
I presume the canditates for the
Legislature, which will elect a United
States Senator, will abide the result o
the primaries set for the 30th of Augus
I hereby request that a separate bo3
be provided by the State executive com
mittee at each and every voting precin
I the State, in which each voter ma3
express by his ballot his preference to
United States - Senator, said separate
boxes to be managed under the samf
rule as other ballot boxes In the prima
rie, and I hereby pledge myself to abli
the result of the vote thus cast at th
said primary. An early reply will oblige
Very truly, M. C BUTLERn.
The Senator said that if he coili
get a fair primary lhe would abide by it
and not whine at the result If the peopl
preferred the other man. He could re
turn to Edgefield and fish for the remain
der of his life and spend it free of publi
cares, What he wished was to get th
people ,to listen to argument.
The speaking was at Maori' ierave
halt a mile north of the centre 'of th.
city. Congressman Strait was giver
thIrty minutes, the senatorial candidate
-one hour each and ten minutes for rept
and the candidates for Governor thirt'
minutes each. At precisely two minute
past eleven, Senator Butler and Con
gressman Stralt arrived on the ground
The stand Is an ordinary wooden pint
form, built against a majestic whit
oak. It stands in the midst of a splendri
President White introduced Congress
man Strait as the first speaker. No
body cheered as lie faced the crowd. I
began to sprinkle rain gently, damper
ing the spirits of the assemblage, and thi
Congressman's remarks appeared -t:
have a similar effect.
At the conclusion of -Congressmai
Strait's speech President White, af te
cautioning tire crowd not to interrup
the speakers, introduced Governo
The cro wd had waited patiently fo
the Senatorial guns to fire and brok
into applause when Chairman Whit
introduced Governor Tillman and an
nlounced the erder of the remainder a
the speaking. The Governor advance
in the cool, deliberate manner usual t
him. He said he was the only man I:
South Carolina who had tried to canvas
the state three times, county by count3
H~e brought applause and loud laughts
when lie said lie was glad to meet tn
audience face to face even through man
of them came from North Carolina an,
all over the globe. He was accused c
having a bitter tongue, but he stoo
here and said he was not responsibi
for all the bitterness. He had bee
more perseouted and maligned tha
any other man. The people, Tillma
said, had elected him to oflice befoi
and were going to send him to tr
Senate sure as a gun's iron. (Loud aj
'Jic said he had been Governor fot
years and stood ready to defend hi
-every act. He made an appeal ft
.brotherly love in the comlng campaig
and padan eulogy to the farmers
the backbone of the country. He sai
he was proudi of being a farmer Go'
ernor. lie had never run for ofice ti
foer 88 yars of age. Then he hado
shook it down, Hie was now after
bige plum and latended to get I
friend antler had been irgoff,
eighteen years. The office belonged t<
the people not to any man,
The Governor next said ho supposed
the candidates for the Senate must dis
cuss national issues. le would simply
take a bird's eye view of the situation
There weme only two i)ig questions-th(
d tariff and finance. Ile wouldn't touch
on the tariff to day and would discuss
finances to some extent. lie jumped
into the question by showing the ureat
contraction of the money of the coun
try. In 1865, he said, there was 82.000,.
0 000,000 of money in circulation; now
there is only $1,000,000,000. That was
Sthe reason the poor farmers of the
f country were not getting a reward for
their labor. le charged all this to
Wall street.. Shylocks, backed by Lom
bard street, London. These Shylocks
r bad caused this contraction by putting
r the Issue power in national banks. The
people were continually getting poorer
and all the wealth of the country is in
the hands of a few thousand million
The Governor jumped on the national
bank question and defended green
backs. He explained the difference be.
tween them. Money sharks said green
backs were flat money. That flat
money, however, had whipped the
South in the late war. Purchased Con
gressmen and Senators yelled "Flat
money" because they h".d been bought.
The speaker then began the discus.
sion of the silver question. le said
gold and silver had been on a parity
since the days of Abraham and ought
to be now. The Democratic platform
a adopted at Chicago had said they were
a equal, but Cleveland hadn't carried out
the plank. Cleveland was a confessed
perjurer and responsible for the present
deplorable condition of the Democratic
party. He charged Cleveland and Car
t ie with hocus-pocus game in issuing
$50,000,000 of bonds to replenish the
gold reserve, which is again down to
$65,000,000. le charged a lot of thiev
ing and robbery in Washington, but
said some day the people will get to
gether and there will be i big shaking
up. (Laughter.)
le attacked Cleveland as an old bag
of beef whom he could not find words
to describe. He said John Sherman
the people's enemy, was now the trusted
advisor of Cleveland, who has betrayed
every trust. The country Is in its pres
ent condition through the treachery of
a Democratic President.
The Governor reviewed in a clear
manner the demonetization of silver
and the bad condition of the country.
ie said there are millions of starving
workingmen. Money sharks, lie said,
have grown so outrageous in their
treatment and talk as to wish a stand.
ing army to keep a few starving men
off the grass. He alluded to Coxy and
his ragged men and said poor Coxy had
had his head cracked. There might
not be any Coxyites in the South, but
the people here sympathize with the
demands of labor.
Resuming discussion of the silver
question, the Governor said the people
wouldn't be bought and would kill out
the dragon encircling them. They
would do it with the- votes and could
hot be bought with money or free
passes. This was his first direct allusion
to tne free pass, free excursion of But
lerites and brought loud applause from
his supporters.
The fight, he said, must be for free
silver and more greenbacks. The Gov
ernor said the South and West must
get together and make a light for liberty
and bread. le concluded by telling a
story of big John Jones and his ox, a
story about an ox's tail being tied
though the dashboard of a vehicle.
The Governor said if sent to the Senate
he woul-I promipe not to be bribed and
not to sell out., le would chunk rocks
a for the people'a interest as long as he
could use his tongue and would do all
he could..
Just as the Governor was concluding,
some man in the audience remarked
that Timan would not get to the
Senate to chunk rocks.
Turning toward the speaker and
waying his hand, the Governor said
-that sixty-live thousand white men had
elected him to his oflice and would send
him to the Senate. This elicited loud
and prolonged applause.
At the conclusion of Gov. Ti.imnan's
speech he was heartily cheered and the
band played. As the last note of mu
sic died away there was a cry for But
ler, who was then introduced by the
1 chairman, lie said:
m "I'm mighty glad to see you. I am
glad to see you in a good humor. I'm
.glad that Governor Tillmani was in a
.good humor. I shall meet him with
Sthe same respectful hearing. The
Governor says he has been eccused of
having a bitter tougue. WVell, a fish
woman can wield a bitter tongue, but
it requires courage to speak to an in
telligent and well informed audience
like this before me.
"I have a proposition to make to the
Governor, 1f lhe will agree to have a
separate ballot box at each voting pre
cinct in which the people, I mean the
white people, in the primary in Septemi
1 ber may register their choice for Son
r ator, without the interference of rings
t and caucusses, I shall agree to abide by
r it. Will he do that ?"
Voices-"No, ne, no."
r "Oh, I think he will," said the Sena
S tor. "Will lie agree to submit to the
n people whether ho or 1 should repre
- sent them in the Senate ? I will aoiude
f by it." (Cheers.)
I "The Governor says that tho Senate
doesn't belong to mue; I didn't ask to go
i there. I did not ask for the privilege
s of accepting the volume of abuse
.which the Republicans hurled upon mue
r when I was fIghting for my seat. Men
a who rode by me in camp and bivouac
v called on me for what seemed a for
I lorn hope, and I would not refuuse, be
f eause I felt it was my duty. I would
1 not go through that experience again
e for any office.
a "If we are to judge of the Governor
a in the Senate by the speech he has
n made, what a spectacle he would be,
e driving an ox cart with the ox tail in
e the dashboard; flinging rocks from the
, mountain top). What could he accom
plia~h in the Senate makingr such a vern
*r itable spectacle of himself ?
s "We have hoard a good deal said
r about finance, Cleveland being bought
n and free passes. I submit th~at that is
is a delicate question for the Governor,
d (Cheers.) 1 think be had better let the
r- subject drop. Hlas it come to tis that
11 a man in South Carolina can't ride on
te a train without asking Marse Ben ? .I
d have asked for passes for poor~ men
a out ofa job. Hlas the Governor ever
L. asked a pass for a poor man? (Wild
ie Voica-"JIe asked for one for him
self." "Fierce cheering, which Butl<
had to quiet.)
Some voices shouted for Tillman.
The speaker then compared Tillma
to a young mule, who, when workin
in double harness, kicked and bit a
the other mule and did no pulling. 11
then ridiculed the Governor's love c
Man in the crowd--' I)on't you lov
oflice, too ?"
"Yee, I de, pretty well,' responde
the benator, eyeing the man coolh
"Aye God, I tell the truth; I haven
gone crazy about ollico, though."
The Governor is in his "A, i, 0's
about finance. One of his friends call
him a "genius of destruction." A con
mon tramnp may blow up a house wit
dynamite. 'The Governor talks abou
monopolies and robberies, but he sug
gesta no remedy. lie will get on
mountain and throw rocks,drive an ox
cart with the ox's tail in the dashboar<
I am under the impression that h
went to Chicago a supporter of Davi
3. Hill, who at the beginning of hi
career, hPs stabbed the party by dE
claring against the income tax, th
fairest clause in the tariff bill. The
should teach you what to expect of th
Goverror. I am as far from Clevc
land as the poles from each other, an
no one is better aware of it than h(
but I take no stock in this abuse c
him. The tariff bill will be vassec
It is the best tariff bill ever befor
Congress, because it is not satisfactor
to the extremes of each side.
Voice-"It does not represent th
Democratic party."
Butler-"I1t is a bill which the Demo
cratic party can stand on ." The Sena
tor then defended the bill. fully, assert
ing that its duties were 6 per cent
lower than the Mills bill.
"I predict that the next tepublicai
national convention will put in a fre
silver plank in their platform. I favo
that the Democrats of the South an
North and West begin now and organ
ize silver leagues. I believe the countr
can sustain double the amount of greer
backs in circulation without one dolla
of gold in the country. The Itepubli
can party is responsible for the cond:
tion of the South. I believe when th
tariff bill is passed that the revenue
will be ample for the support of th
government. I am as much oppose(
to the bond issue as the Governor is.
To illustrate a point in silver de
monetization, the Senator said: "If th
Governor will lend me the dollar h
has, I'll show you; (smiling) he's bette
off than I am." (The crowd laughe
uproariously.) I'll give it back to hin
or else play crack-loo for it."
The Governor came forWard with
smile and handed him the dollar.
The Governor says greenbacks whip
ped us. I was tbar. It was muskel
and bayonets whipped us, or rather vy
got tired out whipping the Yankees.
'hen the Senator explained the per
sien infamy and said that the reast
why it was not checked was becau
we hadn't the votes. He incidental
paid a tribute to the Confederates, sa
ing Oat there never were such soldie
as the soldiers of Lee and Jackson.
The Senator held up a large yello
envelope. "I have plenty of ammun
tion here. I want the Governor t
understand that when I tackle th
State administration I sLll do I
frankly, though in perfect good hi
mor. When I warm his back he muf
take it like a little man. He mus
take his punishment. I shall tak
mine. I am used to it.
I know the farmers are poor. I ur
derstood that the Governor promiss
when (lected that he would help th
farmers. Are they better off ? On th
other hand taxes have been increase(
I shall stand side by side with my pec
pie in their struggle. I challenge Gov
ernor Tillman to point to an instant
where I have not done my duty. It I
wrong to turn a main out of the Sonat
only because he has done his duty.
would lay down public life forever if
could thereby see my people unite
and living as brothers as they wei
four years ago. I utter a warning an
a prediction, that when the white pel
pie divide and appeal to the negi
vote we shall have a period of degradi
tion worse than reconstruction. The:
is nothing for me in the Senate. I at
a poorer man than when I went ther
I have not learned to steal or accil
bribes, I can't be captured by gold
free passes. (Cheers.) It may be
little vain, but i believe I am the mr
to bring the people together. Senati
Butler was continually cheered, ar
had often to atop and quiet his frient
before proceeding.
At the couclusion of Senator Butler
speech, Col. Jones said that Governi
Tillman was entitled to a reply. Whe
Governor Tillman camne to the front ii
was loudly cheered.
Tihe Governor begrn his closing ri
marks by saying that he just wanted l
answer a few little firecrackers shot e
by his friend. In regard to the propi
sition, if Butler believed that the pei
ple ought to have the right to ele<
Senators and if the D~emocratic Execi
tive Committee is willing t> grant tri
proposition he had no objection.
"Butler went on to talk about m
getting amnong the piow boys. I war
to ask you if the farmers did not pu
me up to lead a forlorn hope.
''es they did and you won!I" sal
nmany voices.
"Since that time I have been mer
maligned than any man in the State,
In response to a question from a ma
in the audIence about his chances <
election, the Governor said he ha
"(lone got the coon skin and was gone
About free passes, the Governor tel
how he had accepted one and said tin
her had rliden on one all his life. 11
then showed up how many in the cro w
had come here on free passes.
Thesen men did~n't come here from
North Carolina and all over the Stat
for nothinig. They could yell, he saim
but couildnf't vote in York County. Ii
caused great cheering when lie said hi
had Y'ork County and would thank th
people in audvance for the vote<
the couuty. The Governor to]
what he had done since lhe had been tl
Obhief Executive and said he had noth
ing to shield. in his life. About Bui
ier's story of the oldl mule andl th
young mule, lie asked the farmem
which they bad raither have, a youn
prancing mul, or an old 1101 earei
worn-out animal.
"We'll take you!I" shuouted many am
laughter at Butler's expense as a (lo
eared animal.
The Governor said ho had not yotU
for 11111 but for Boles at Chicago, Bu
ler having charged him wIth hbeing
supporter of the former.
When Senator Butler namo for wam
r to reply, both factions cheered vocifer
ously for some minutes. The Senator
characterized the Governor as an art
a ful dodger In fleeing behind the execu.
c tive committee in the proposition for a
,t separate box. He bad asked for a cate
e gorical answer and had expected ond.
f In the charge of ringism he was sus
tained by the high authority of no less
e a personage than John L. M. Irby, who
had charged that there was a State
.1 House ring. If the Governor had
. given the people the primary, why did
t he now permit it to be violated? Why
was a convention to be held in August?
" Why were not all men allowed to go to
s the polls and vote?
I The Senator closed by saying that the
I assessment on the railroads which
t Governor Tillmen "had throttled, had
- been reduced." There was again long
a continued cheering.
- Comptroller General Ellerbe was in
e troduced, but said he would not speak
as dinner time was on hand and the
8 peoDle were tired; if they would come
' to Yorkville tomorrow he would talk
5 to them. le finished amid applause.
t Senator Evans was next introduced
e and was warInly received. Ile said he
would defend the Reform administra
tion, of which he was a part, against
Senator Butler and if the Senator
r spanked his (Elvans') baby, he would
put a mustard plaster under Butler's
shirt. (Laughter.) Senator Evans
brought down the audience by saying
he was glad to see all the anti Tillman
B ites of the State present. Every coun
ty w as represented and a good deal of
North Carolina was on hand. Touch
ing on National affairs. Evans said
Cleveland was a prostitution of Demo
cracy, and if being a follower of Cleve
land was a Democrat, he (Evans) could
1 be called anything else.
4 "Didn't you votc for 1ill1?" a man
r asked.
"No, I did not," was the quick reply.
- "and the only ones I know who did are
men now supporting Butler for Sena
tor. Ben Perry, for instance."
Evans made a good many pointed
jabs at Butler, tickling his friends im
menselv. He continued his attack on
Cleveland and defended the Democracy
5 of the Reformers of the State. Senator
Evans said it was the old men who had
been kicked out of office who were keep
ing the political ball open; it was not
theyo ung men.
e Evans parried in quick and neat man
e ner a number of questions asked him.
r Ile got in a blow on Butler whenever
he could and was asked by a young
man named Gus Aiken if he was run
ning for Senator or Governor. A col
a loquy ensued between them.
Evans attacked Butler for his state
ment that State taxes have not been
8 reduced and showed this was erroneous,
'e Ile said it the Senator was as ignorant
on national affairs as on State, he was
in a bad fix.
Again defending the State adminis.
ie tration, he upheld the Dispensary law,
Y His declaration that it was the best law
for control of whiskey was hissed by
several young men.
"I can tell that you fellows are from
North Carolina by the color of your
- noses," the speake- id to them. Ev
0 ans told how the ....pensary law had
e been adopted and said it had reduced
crime and drunkonness to the minimum
In his own town only one arrest had
t been made for drunkenness during the
t Dispensary regime. The first night the
e law was declared unconstitutional, thir
teen arrests were made. He gave flg
ures in favor of the Dispensary and
d strongly defended it. le said he will
e advocate the Dispensary from every
e stump in the State and if elected Gov
ernor will enforce the law to the letter.
"What about the Darlington affair?"
- was asked.
e "I am glad you mentioned that." he
- said. "It was a premeditated affair,
brought on by the whiskey element."
H thn told of the refusal of the
I troops to go to Darlington and the of
A fer of thousands of wool hat boys to
efigtlh shot guns and bickory sticks.
b outh Carolina will never bow to the
'whiskey element. The people will not
0 surrender to the little whiskey sellers
and grog shop Keepers.
e "Wihy did you turn down Hampton ?"
was asked.
e- "Because he didn't represent us an l
>tw will turn down anybody else who
yr does not."
a "WVhy haven't you got a Governor
.n who knows the law ?"
yr "We have a Governor who knows
d more law than all your little gang put
IS together."
Evans concluded by saying that ho
would continue his discourse at York
'a vIlle, whore he would be gladl to see all
~r North Carolinians and revenue ofi
n cers." (Applause.)
Dr. Sampson Pope was introduced
3- and announced himself as a candidate
o for Governor and said he would de~no
ti his principles, and declared that he
-had alwaya been a Reformer and
)- would continue one. The Reform
~t movement had done more good than
I- any administration. Taxes had not
e been greatly reduced, because the State
had been forced into litigation at great
y expense. Coosaw had been throttled
t and the railroads had been made to
t come under the law, lie showed that
the railroads had not been paying an
1 equal proportion of taxation. Dr. Pope
recited all things done by the adminis
A tration. lie also defended the Dispeun
"sary law and said it was the best law
Li ever put on the statute books. If lie
'f could not get the Dispensary lie was
d for high license. Dr. Pope favored all
"the Alliance demands within the Dem
d ocratic party and said the sub-treasury
a- was the best of all these demands. H~e
e showed the groat benefits of that plan.
d lie also attacked Cleveland and said
he stood in with Wall street. lHe said
n he despised Hill, ie believed Tiliman
e would be the next Democratic nominee
I, for P.resident. Dr. Pope expressed the
e views on national politics enumerated
e by him before.
e Secretary of State Tiridal, the last
if candidate for. Governor introduced,
d commended th3 Rock Hill1 people for
e their peaceable conduct. lHe told what
i- good the Reform movement had ac
t- complished. Things in the State be
e fore the movement was successful,
a were stagnant. Governor Tillman was
g not responsible for the strife in the
I, State. Turmoil was inevitable and
would have resulted had any man been
dI elected Governor. Tindal spoke for
- peace and unity. Bioth the minority
and the majority must use toleration.
(d lie wanted his Conservative friends to
t- remember that'the Reform movement
a would never go backward. Tindal had
no good wordsa for Cleveland. lie spoke
some on national pifairs. When lhe
'd cnclnded he was applauded.
The Crowd Lat gniy in Favor of Tiiman.
Butler Makca a Gond Spech-Synops
of the .speeohre Mdet by ie'0 DIRcret
*0a. d I ator.
YORK VILLE, S. 0., J une 19.-Thing
warmed up a little at today's campaig
meeting. The crowd got somewhti
enthusiastic. The best or humor,hou
ever, prevailed. Everyone went awa
happy and contented, and no, ange
was shown. Today's meeting emphi
sized one thing strikingly, the and
ences do not care three snaps for an]
thing except the Senatorial debat
The enthusiasm was below zero tint
the central ilgues, Butler and Ti]
man appeared. Then the voters brace
themselv up, and were all interest ai
showed their feelings They listene
to the others, they laughed and note
the argument, but when General Bu
ler was announced there was a decide
change in the atmosphere. A complet
change had come over the scen
Chairman J. Steele Brice, in openin
the meeting, begged that thi; be mad
a repetition of the model meeting he]
here two years ago. The Rev. Mr. N
G. Neville made the opening prayer.
was introduced as "from Edgefield,
but he promptly corrected the state
ment that he was from Aiken.
He continued: Whether we be RW
formers,[ndependents or Conservative
or Republicans our interests are on(
That banner can go with the one ut
der which we have won, "Equal right
to all and special privileges to none.
We are not Populists or Communistf
but are working for one interest. W
now have a ring of entirely new pe(
ple. See to it tliat you are not dict:
ted to by the bosses. No man has th
right to fear for the interests of hi
State, of the people. Nearly all of th
measures advocated in our platfort
have been enacted into law. There is
demand for a constitutional conver
tion and that has not been acted on.
The Constitution you live under wf
made by a people who had no intere
in you; yet we are told to keep th:
dangerous Constitution. I tried I
amend it and was voted down. N
pay too much to the classes whose i
terests are not ours in proportion
the taxes paid. That means if th
country ever gets into the hands of ti
carpet-baggers the negro has equ
rights in all your schools. There
great danger in this provision. . T]
schools should be put under the peoj
through the Legislature. Vote for
constitutional convention. New Yo:
has outgrown her Constitution, at
ours was modelled after theirs. Evc
Confederate soldier is stigmatized
your own Constitution as a rebel.
We"Reformers" have started out
the platform of the Alliance. Thoj
demands are today the only true D
mocracy. We have been called a
kinds of names because we have ha
the boldness to make.the party go bac
to old Jeffersonian Democracy. V
are lighting for principle and if w
keep it up we are bound to win.
stand upon every demand in there. I
is claimed that we have done nothinj
for the people. We refunded your deb
with an annual saving of $80,000
year. We actually had men go to Ne
York and say the debt would be repu
diated. They ran Dr. B..tes and Goi
Tillman out of New York by their mi
liclous reports. They even wanted t
continue the debt at 6 per cent. whei
they knew negotiations were pondin!
for the settlement of the bonds. Th
next year the bill was telegraphed t
New York. Why was it done? Fo
political purposes. They were tryin
to fly-blow the whole debt. We wen
over to Baltimore and placed thi
whole tiling and they went away lik
they had their tail cut. [llurrahs.]
patriot of South Caroina& wantea tLh
State to fail in placing the bonds.
They are all coming over, but iw
mnust not baptize too many at ou
.Ime. Don't let them all in at one timi
They may break the plank. We hav
even convertedl the State. Tfho scali
on his back are too thick t~o lot himn
with one scraping. We have to mar
him with a red star aind anoint bli
and baptize him before we let him in.
About this time a train passed 1
and Evans said: ' Let her rolil" and l
wait. The dispensary law is the be!
thing you have ever had. We foun
South Carolina dirungk as a lord. W~
could not take away the liquor at onel
we took it away gradually. We too
temptation away from the boys.]
daereased drunkenness over 75 pt
The audience (lid not seem to b~e
the humor to applaud, amnd only did
when he made a good point or a laug]
able suggestion.
was in good trim, ie said that, a
though lie had been cussed and dil
cussed, he had no intention of apoli
gizing for anything he had done. M1
cousin, for lie is my cousin, is sorn
what ashamed of me because as a pla1
farmer I can't speak like lie doel
When I am elected lie will caull a
"cousin", and then i'll give him a tri
justiceship. (Laughiter.J
When I went into 0111ee 1 found tL:
property not fully assessed(. I sent or
circulars to my auditors to increas
assessments to the full value of' th
property. We have increased t he va
untion of the railroad pro per ty I
about $7,000,000 as it now stands t<
day. We raised the South Carolin
and Georgia road to $16,000 per mil
and that was when tile bonds wer
worth on the market about $7,00)0,00(
It's the same thing with the othe4
roads. The Columbia and Greenvill
bonds were worth on tihe market $17
000 and we assessed it at $ 10,500. Ye
they cried we were trying to ruin th
Recently we got over $200,000 thi
escaped taxation, and yet this propert
is no higher than any other. You a
remember the bank cases. I only oi
dered the auditors to tax the p roport
according to law. In the N ewberr
Bank case the bank showed Sh).000 I
stock and surplus. The auditor at
sessed them at $230,000, but the Coun
fIxed that at $150,000, which is lei
than 50 per cent. I am sorry to sa
when I came In I fauna shortages.
told the sheriffs to enforce execution
and we are making better collectioi
than they ever did.
Mr. Ellerbee told a very laughab
story of how a yonn lady tried to ha
him stop a tax execution, which occa
sioned considerable merriment.
He continued: We defeated Coosaw.
T We refunded the State debt which
eaves you 650,000 a year. We built
Clemson College for your sons, where
we mossbacks can be educated. Our
Penitentiary is now managed as well
as any in the country, while now Col.
* Neal is turning money over to the
, treasury. Yet, wJ are asked what we
have done. Yet we have done all this
without increasing your taxes, al
, though when we went In we found
850,000 debt. We had to raise taxes
last year because we had money tied
up by the railroads. Then look at the
litigation they forced us into. Then
we are building your colleges.
i I joined the Alliance when it was
(irst organized, and I believe in it. I
believe it will do us good. It Is an or
ganization to help the agricultural
classes. They tell you our demands
are unconstitutional, and they would
d not know the Constitution coining
d down the road. [Laughter.] Anything
d would do better than what we have. It
d Is time to do something for the people.
le touched lightly on the banks,pro
d tection, free silver, national aid to the
railroads and the Alliance demands.
Ilie favored national control of the
railroads, especially those aided by the
Government. The roads can be re
d produced for three billion dollars and
Sthey re trying to pay interest on nine
billion dollars. Ile favored an income
tax. Ile wanted some way to send tax
perjurers to the Penitentiary. I am in
favor of peace and unity myself, but
- there is one thing our people will have
to understand, and that Is the minority
cannot dictate to the majority. Repub
5 I'anism would be a cruel fallacy it
- this was the case.
- There was not a flutter or a word of
, applause as Mr. ElLeibee finished, al
though his speech took very well with
the audience.
opened by saying that for eight years
he had been working to build up the
0 "Reform" party. Ile did not feel like
8 a stranger.
e Ile continued: You were in bygone
a days suffering from political lethargy.
a You felt an oppression and a wrong,
- but you did not know the cause. I
then tried to tell you what was your
i trouble and that Is why you -are here.
3t What you want to know is what you
Is are voting for. Today I am a candi
'0 date, not of my own choice, but be.
re cause my friends want me to run. The
n- great acts of the "Reformers" are the
to building of Clemson College, the Win
is throp College and the railroad tax
de light, which really meant that they
al must pay the same taxes as others, and
is I venture to say the roads and the peo
he ple hereafter will be on more friendly
li terms.
a You have today an honeat and efli
rk clent Government. It is a Govern
id ment of white people. No one denies
ry that. Why can't we have peace in
n South Carolina? Nothing we have
done is disputed. Why not come to.
Oil gether? All of our people speak for
ie peace. I never have been able to be.
9- lieve that any portion of our. people
I can be enemies to the State. Nearly
d all we suffered during Radical days
k was brought about to perpetuate the
e party. All we want is a Democratic
' party in this State. We want one uni.
I ted force to accomplish our work in
t Washington.
9 The "Reform" party has never do.
t prived anyone of his rights. I' I can
a remove ary prejudices against the Al.
V liance 1 would be glad to do so. The
politics of the Alliance are as open and
- as broad as the noonday. It has no se
crets except those connected with its
D business, like a merchant's private
A mark, of which none complain. When
9 the Alliance went in it went to fight
e Itrusts and extortlons. The farmers
0 found they must work together, and
r when they opened their eyes they
R found their Government giving mil
t lions of land to railroads; it found It
e giving .$18,000,000 to sugar growers as
e a bounty; it found farmers almost do
.prived of the use of money with which
0 to raise crops. Then the Alliance got
up its demands in order to get you to
eC direct your attention to the questions.
.0 Jt binds no man's conscience, in
L. March, 1890, 1Iintroduced the platform,
eC from which I will read extracts.
mH Mr. Tindali made a good clear, forei
"made an exceedingly clear cut, open,
plain speech. ie wanted the Constitu
7 tion overthrowni sio as to insure white
Usupremacy. Vote for it, he said, and
tthere will be no dlanger of the white
Spople separating, lHe favored pro
etoction and said: You have not suffer
'ed by the sugar bountry. You have
kbern beneilted more than hurt, getting
[tyie cents sugar. I~verything is cheap
ras dirt. We only need more money.
The rarliff does not hurt you. I would
have voted for high license, but after I
saw the operatIons oftedispensary I
now favor the Jaw. If unconstitutional,
then as a last resort I'd go for high
Ilicense. P rohibition does not prohibit.
if the law is passed there ought to be
a State board of police commissioners.
-There never was andI would never have
ybeen an innocent man's house searched
'I wouIld not be a Prohibitionist. Theli
n bitterness was not due to "iteformers,"
Sbut to the newspapers.
0IIe chargedl that all the newspapers
iexcept the Greenville News and the
Itegister had worked against the State
Srefunding its debt. T1he Greenville
t Ne ws, lie saidi, dId not even spell reform
Scorrectly. Mr Smythe and others had
Sgotten $15,000 for defending the rights
of the Coosaw Company, frotn which
the State gotno money, and it was
asaid he was also paid by thie company,
and the old Administrations thought
eits grips.
TheI announcement of
-as candidate for Congress brought
~t about considerable applause. Jie said,
e in opening, that he had always been a
consistent "Rteformer." ie was bound
~t by their platform. For the last four
y years lie had always advocated every
11 measure looking to the curtailment of
-expenses. lie thought he had done as
y much as anyone In this line. He in
y trodluced the bill for the reorganization
n of the University and the salary re
i. duction bill. The delay in passing
't this bill was not on his account, ie
is had no apologies to make, ie was
y equally frank to say some measures
I passed did not meet with ;his opproba
e, tion. ie did not vote for the dispen
ms sary law because he did not think it
wise. lIe did not vote for the "Black
lo district" bill.
ie Continuing he aid:. I am here a a
candidate because I want office. The
financial question deserves attention.
The Pensign law has greatly
injurea the South. Ten per cent
of all money incirculation is paid
these pensioners. It amounts to rob
bery. Our Representatives have not
fought this as they should. A fight
must be made. I believe in the free
coinage of gold and silver. I do not
believe that the repeal of the State
bank tax would relieve the situation.
Dr. Strait has made no fight for vaper
money to be issued direct by the United
States Government. I will go to Wash
Ington representing you all, not to
make a flght for offices. Mr. Bissell
will never have any opportunity of
pasing on my Democracy. I won't
let him do so. [Iurrahs for Finley.)
itarted out by talking 'of the snakes
ind devils and treachery and horrors of
Wall street. The tariff bill is a poor
thing without a daddy.. It puts into
the hands of the Sugar Trust over
$100 000,000 by its provisions.
Col Talbert is our leader on pensions.
HIe voted for the unconditional repeal
of the State bank tax. If the people
don't want State banks they need not.
State banks would be an experiment,
I begged no man for a recognition of
my Democracy.
Finley: I did not say that, and meant
no reflection on you.
Dr. Strait: it looked to me that way.
I have not gotten any oflices. [Voice:
What adout H1emphill?]
Strail: He got his package marked
patronage and not marked "Congres
ilonal." [ iurrahs for Strait and "Say i"
was introduced as a candidate
for Lieutenant Governor. As
he got up there was a titter, and a
few said, "Oh, my, look there!" as they
looked at the man with the harelip
nose. He said what he wanted about
politics and announced that his chief
laim for the nomination was his good
looks. (This was a joke on its face
The crowd yelled and whooped. but Dr
Timmerman went on and said that
about his only rival on looks was Nor
man Elder, of York, and they kept on
laughing. The woman, he said. must
see something in his looks as he had
been married twice. [Laughter and
hurrahs ]
was greeted with applause as he walk
ed straight up to the end of the plat
form. lie spoke right out and was
given close attention. He said an of
lIce holder was responsible to the peo
ple and the officers were not the masters
The people here are the rulers and the
sovereings. It is not only your right but
your duty to demand of every man in
oflice an account of the trust. Just
here I would like to make a personal
explanation. Messrs Shell and Mo
Laurin have requested me to say
something about an alleged political
combine with them. and a statement
thatthey had boon traitors to the Reform
Movement. There never was any
foundation for the report, and I should
not have noticed it except for their re
quests. .L have always tried to treat the
"Reform" Congressmen with respect.
[Just at this jucture two men got into
a personal fight, but G(en Butler and
Chairman Brice quieted the crowd.]
Coutinuing Gen Butler said he would
criticise Governor Tillman's public re
cord as much as he wanted to and he
did not want Governor Tillman to get
mad about it. Is there any objection
to asking for an explanation from
Governor Tillman? Fifteen years
ago I said we ought to have just such
a college as Clemson and I have always
favored such colleges. They talk of
baptizing me when I advocated
measures they are talking of before they
were born. In 18801 voted for the free -
:oinage of silver and have voted for it
3ver since.
lie went on briefly to explain what
~here was in free coinage and said that
~he Government could not, unless it
ncreased its mint capacity, give more
~han one dollar pen capita per year.
Continuing he said: I never owned
m dollar's worth of stock or bonds in
rallroads or banks, but ILam in favor of
protecting their interests. The fight
egan twenty years ago. 'When it comes
~o pensions the soldier vote is so strong
that neither side will fight it in the
N~orth or E ast. It does look alat ming
to see the pensions steadily increasing
Ind we, my old soldiers, we who fought
l'or four years, have contributed over
$i300,000,000 towards it. I would stand
t.hat without a murmur if they did us
justice in other respects. When the
Democratic Convention met it agreed
Irst to repeal the election law, second
to change the tariff law, and third-to
ivle financial help. The election relief
las come, and the Wilson Act is now
pending. That tariff bill is not all that
1 would like; there were compromises,
yet I believe it the best tariff bill almost
over passed, in the bill is a tax oin in
come, and it is the first opportunity to
reach the bondholders, It is fair, it is
D~emocratic. I regret to say that the
third most vital and more important
Llemandi has not been granted, and I
t'ear will not be as ion g as Mr. Cleve
land is our Presklent. Y ou and I voted
for him. Although the people knew
Mr, Cleveland was oppose(a to free sil
ver the people voted for him.' He was
the choice of the Democrats. I2 don't
believe him a thief or scoundrel, yet the
masses and not the leaders wanted and
elected him. My judgment is that the
light against corpirations has been en
couraged by the Republicans. It will
be a death struggle in the next election.
It will be a triump~h for Republican in
stitutions or it will be the beginning of
the end of ;popular government. We
ought now to organize silve1' leagues on
which to build a financial system on
which to give relief to the people. I am
not a pessimist, but my experIence is
that the struggle must come and will
come between the money interests and
tne masses. They have found men to
shoot down citizens. There are four
teen States in insurrection. There is
dynamite, death, destruction in the air.
I ad vised to let Coxey alone; that is a
mere symptoni of the disease that Re
publican legislation has brought stbout.
lie referred to Governor Tillman'4
throwing rooks jokingly and tielng ox
tails up in Washington. I should go to
the West for our next President. He is
with us and I have my eye on him. if
Governor Tillman has gotten any more
abuse than I have, Lord help him. I
don't mind that, it is the right of the
newspapers to comment on my record
but I don't get mad about It like he does
I don't think the newespapers mean
much by abusing us. They have a right
to criticise. They talk about my fami
ly holding ofice. The fact is I am the
[OONTIMITEn ON VA(~ lfain 11 1

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