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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, August 02, 1894, Image 1

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Je Discupsed the Welfare of the Alliance
in a Masterly 1Manmor-Insiiertant sag
gestiona fmade-Alluanons to the Omoiki
Orgi* of thIe 0O1 der.
AIKEN, . C. July 25.-When the
Alliance met this morning in the Al
ken county court house at 11 o'clock
there was a full attendance of the
members. President Eivans was in the
chair and secretary Reid was in his
place. The other ofilcers of the order
presentwere Vice-I'resident J. S. Keitt
Treasurer F. P. Taylor, State Lecturer
J. Wmn. Stokes, Steward E. 1. Taylor
Sergeant-at-Arms J. E. Jarnegan, Dis'
trict Lecturer J. I. Blake, Jr., of the
Third District and W. 0. Tatum of the
new Seventh; and exectitive committee
men Te. P. Mitchell, ElU. It. Walter and
S. T. D. Lancaster! and judiciary com
mitteembn W. N. Elder, D. K. Norris
and John T. Gaston. The absent 0111.
cers were Chaplain .James E. Douglass,
Doorkeeper J. W. Kenned y and Assist
ant Doorkeeper L. E. Parler.
The following delegates appeared
and presented their credentials and
were enrolled:
Abbeville- .T. T. Rnbertson; Aiken
J. S. McKie; Anderson-J. M. Glenn;
Barnweil-W. L. llamberg; Berkeley
T. S. Browning; Chester-S. T. Mc
Keown; Chesterfleld-R. E. Rivers;
Clarendon-James E. Davis: Colleton
D. M. Varn; Darlington-1I. A. Josey;
Fairileld-J. M. Galloway; Florence
J. E. Pettigrew; Georigetown-R. J.
Donaldson; Greenville-J. ii. Latimer;
Horry-James A. Lewis; Lancaster-J
C. Elliott; Laurens-A. P. Goodwyn;
4 Lexington-D. F. Ellrd; Marion-J. Do
Montiromery; Marlboro-G. W. Ilear
say; Newberrv-W. E. Lake; Oconee
J. L. Smith; Orangeburg-S. C. Kenne
dy; Pickens-Joel I. Miller; Richland
-James Norton; Spartanburg-M. 0.
Lowland; Sumter-I . T. Abbott; Un
Ion-II. C. Little; Williamsburg-J. 1).
Daniel; York-W. J. Miller.
.Among the other Alliancemen pres
ent were Col. W. A. Neal, Prot. W. N.
Marchant, Senator Reagan, D. W. Mc
Laurin, D. K. Norris, Rt. E. Kirven, W.
N. Elder and others. There were in
all about forty live members of the Al
liance in attendance.
A few more are expected in tomor
row morning. The body is composed
for the most part this year of new blood
Mr. D. W. McLaurin, -who attended the
first meeting of the State Alliance of
South Carolina, said to me: "This is as
good a body as I have ever seen and I
have been to every meeting the State
Alliance has ever held.
After the organization had been com
pleted President W. D. Evans proceed
ed to deliver his annual address. It
was a strong one and seemed to great
ly impress all the members of the Alli
ance., lie urged the Alliance in the
strongest terms to stand to its guns,
reiterated all of its demands, etc. The
copy of the address was placed in the
hands of the committee to be reported
npon and I've had some difficulty in
getting at it. Here, however, is the
Gentlemen of the State Farmers Al.
liance of South Carolina: Six years
have come and gone since the Alliance
has been organized in this State. These
years have been spent by us in advo
cating measures burdened with the pre
servation of the liberties of the people
and freighted with the responsibilities
of perpetuating our republican form of
government, a legacy handed down to
us by our revolutionary ancestors as a
sacred trust for generations yet un
born. Let us ask ourselves today if we
* are faithfully and honestly discharging
our duty as .trustees of thsnoble es
tate Fro 188 to1889, tearclu
ral and industrial classes were aroused
to knowledge of the fact that the props
were being knocked from uinder them,
and that they had not only to stand
alone bearing upon their shoulders the
l egitimate superstructure of maintain
-ing the professional and non-producing
-classes in their necessary and honora
ble calling, of preducing bread for t he
eater and raw maierials to clothe the
naked, but that a horde of gamblers
and speculators under the forms of
legalized monstrosities, had fastened
themselves upon them; and had placed
to be tolerated. In ract there was an
uprising of' thu people protesting
against a financial system that was first,
destroying the resources of the farm,!
and sweeping all the profits of the
laborer into the coffers of the legalized.
robbers. The result of investigationi
and consultation showed that unless a
different an:1 better system of finance
was adopted by the government, ruin
and disaster would blight the peace and
p rosperity and happiness of the people.
.To avr't this calamity, f~he Alliance
formulated and set forth what are
known as the Ocala dlemands, and
boldly predicted that unless these do
mands were inactedl into law, the coun -
try would witness the most diisastrous~
panic ever known in its history. TIhis
prediction has been mere than verified,
for not only the government itself, but
every kind of' legitImate business has
been on the verge of bankruptcy for
the past twelve months.
The Alliance L aing mnide up of main
bers of all the political parties, these
demands wore made in a strictly nton
partisan spirit, and therefore every
political party was appealed toe to give
relief to the country through a better
and just ilnancial system that would
give the wealth producers equal change
tunder thie law. We have stood by
these demands from 1890 to the present
time, believing them to be founded
upon justice, utemandled in equity upon
the broad D~emocratic principle of eqiual
rights to all, special privileges to none.
Until experience Leaches us something
better, we must stand squarely by andi
advocate these demands,supporting for
-ofilce only those who are with~us and
who will use their political influence to
advance and build up our interests. if
we do no less than this we will be re
creant to the high duty of' citizenship,
traitors to our country, to our homes
and to our families.
* While the membership of the order
is not as large as it should be,it is grat
ifying to know that a largea majorIty of
the people of the State are with us-in
fact in every State. In this union thou
sands of voices are preaching from the
same text, adaretmnare work
i 9gQ~ the success of the same meas
n e;aIere is no longer a yawning
guffearatirng the North from the
0o hb iut the farmers of the entire
country are banded together in a cot
mon brotherhood, having the same p
triotic purpose to rescue this land
ours from the desecrating grasp of tL
Shylock. One in heart, ene in purpos
they will be invincible in the strugg
which Is to decide whether the man
the dollar shall be the ruler in (i1
American government.
The time is past when sentime
should bliad us to man or party. I
that is not for us is against us, and m
should have sense enough to know :
anl courage enough to show it. Ti
Chief Executive of this great nati<
today is a puppet in tho hands of a
ganized monopoly, and we are in
large measure responsible by our vot
for it. I have spoken thus plalni
brethren not with any intention <
stirring up passions, for i see the fir(
of indignation already burning in you
eyes; sold out, betrayed by the so-calle
Eastern Democracy, let us seek polit
cal aifliation with the great Wes
where the dawn of empire is -fa
brightening in the full power of ti
noonday sun.
It has been brought to my attentlo
by a resolution passed by the subord
nate Alliance in Columbia,that charg
of mismanagement had been made b
the editor of the Piedmont Ileadligi
against the manager of the lExchang
and asking for an investigation.
called upon the JudicIary Committee I
make the investigation, but owing I
the failure of Brother T. L. Gantt, w
had made the charges,to respond to tI
summons of the committee, and the al
sence of Brother J. T. Gaston,who we
an important member of the committi
the work was necessarily unsatisfa
tory and Incomplete. I herewith han
In the testimony of the witnesses e:
anined, and would urge that the All
ance take such action in the matter a
to thoroughly investigate and publis
the investigation. If there is anythin
wrong in the management of the El
change, it is due to the Alliance that:
should be known, and on the othe
hand if the charges are without fout
dation, it is due to the Exchange Mau
ager that he should be vindicated.
It is much to be regretted that tii
editor of the Headlight, who is a men
ber of the Alliance, did not prefer ti
charges through the proper Allian<
authorities instead of through h
The Exchange is a most potent f a(
tor in forcing prices down, and ther
fore looked upon with disfavor genera
ly by merchants and manufacturers.
has broken up the old order of dealin
through middlemen in a large measu
and undertakes to bring the produce
and consumer nearer together in bus
ness relations, thereby getting rid (
the heretofore unreasonable prolits d(
manded by middlemen. If the men
bership of the order could arrange the
business affairs to buy fertilizers, ba
ging, ties and heavy groceries throug
this channel, it would soon become
still more useful agency in accomplial
Ing the purpose for which it was inat
gurated. In connection with this I wi
call your attention to the fact that tL
National Alliance has decided to estal
tali a national exchange in the city <
Baltimore, which is destined to becon1
great and useful to farmers in provU
ing a channel through which they ca
with the least expense and greatei
profit dispose of their produce and pui
3hase such things as they may need t
great advantage.
With a national exchange and a syk
tem of State exchanges there is no rev
son why the producer and consume
will not be brought into business relu
Lions which would be mutually bent
[Icial but especially so to the farmer.
The State organ of the Farmers Alli
%nce, for some unaccountable reasot
loes not receive the support it is ent
bled to. This paper should be in th
home of every Alliance family in Lh
State. I am satisiled that any one wi
be a more useful member of the orde
by readir.g it. i n fact I don't see hos
any true Allianceman can afford to (14
without it. I earnestly recommend t
this body and bespeak for it a motr
iberal patronage. To educate is on
>f the chief missions of the Allianci
md it is through the press that the pea
le are most easily reached and Laugh
he science of government and th'
vi or good effects this or thiat systen
)f legislation bears in relation to prom
perity. .It is necessary, therefore, for
man to become an intelligent voter thta
1c must become a constant reader
L'he capital stock of the Cotton Plan
ihould be increased to place it upo)0
mnre and permanent basis, and I sugges
hat you take proper steps to acconi
plish the end.
The second means of educating Lh
eople is through the system of lectoti
ng, and it is very important that f aithi
~ui, intellingent lecturers should ad!
iress the people, b~ut owing to tihe fac
~hat the treasury was in depleted con
lition, we have been forced to do with
mut a great deal of lecturimir thsa
ihould have been done with proflt.
I submit herewith for your considIernl
ion at communication from Mario:
Butler, President of the National Alli
mnce, suo wing the conditions of tile 11s
mnes of the national order and sugges
he adoption of the plan gotten uip b;
I. W. ited, State Secreary, which,
hink, will give tihe desired relief, it i
is followers: Change the system re
orting so that subordinate Alliance
should report semi-annualiy intread o
luarterly, sending to tihe county secre
~ary 35 cents for each member, mali
md female, reported inl good standing
Miarch 31st andi September 30o of each
rear. Let colunty secretaries repor
;emi-annually, tabulating reports am
mening to the secretary ol' the Stat
A~llianmce each member,male andi femnal
bet the State Secretary then tabliat
md send to the National Secrtary
cents for each mnale and female, fret
Mlarch' 31st to .1uly 1, and from Septemi
ber 30o to JIanuary 1. This will in eae
ase give thlree months for the report
be come in and the State andi nationst
oues to be0 collected.
This will enable us to pay the nm
bional dues at the time required by th
National Alliance. This, you will oh
serve, divides a dollar for the year a
follows: National Alliancemnen dues, 1
cents; State Alliance (d les, 30) cents
Subordinate Alliance (ties, :30 cent:
total, $1.
rLet all initIation fees be returned 1i
the subordinate Alliance. No part
be sent to the county secretaries wit
the report. I1jquire County Alliance
to pay thA mileaige of delegates to L1I
State Alliance meeting andl let LIh
State Alliance pappor denc. This,
thinak, a better plan than the systen
under which we are operatin gIf ye
adopt this plan there will be nuse t
consider the p reposed amend t~ents t
bile cnstitution, emhbrlied in the nci
a- cular letter sent out some time baok t<
a- county secretaries.
)f I have received two let-ters from cot
te ton associations, one in Liverpool and
e, the other in PhiladelphiR, calling atten
le tion of the Alliance to the evil parctic<
3r of over-taring cotton bales and request
Is ing that you take such steps as will, in
your judgment, put a stop to the prac
it tice. The letters are herewith submit
[e ted and I hope you will give the sub
re ject the attention it is intitled to.
t, The future as well as present condi.
to tion of the cotton grower in the State
n is not a very enviable one with cotton
r- now below the cost of production
a What is the outlook for the future'
is With the rapid increase of acreagc
y, planted in Texas and the Western
>f States, we will be forced to turn our
is attention to something else and L woul1
r recommend that the South Carolinr
d farmer would diversify his crops and
I- make his provisions at home. Home
t, made provisions, more stock, more
it home-made manure, this moans les:
ie debt and more independence.
The Alliance is having a wonderfui
I, in fluence in the politics of the State
I- Though constantly told that the Alli
is ance is dead, yet it is a fact when I say
y there is no candidate who stands the
it least change of being elected to the of.
A lice which lie aspires in the campaigr
I going on, who does not either stand
o upon the Alliance platform or has
o made the people believe he dies.
0 We have reached the period in th(
e life of the order where the most serious
- forces are drawn lip in batt.le array.
a The light will be fought out along lin.
e ancial lines. The issue have been made
up and the result of the contest will
d decide whether the people shall be the
- rulers of this country or the vicious
i- linancial system devised and fastened
s upon us by the money kings of Lombad
It and Wall streets shall prevail and con
g tinue to rob the people of their honest
- earnings. We must light this fight tc
t the finish. There is no compromise
ir ground for us to stand upon. Wo must
i- be true to our principles, true to th(
- country, true to ourselves. believing in
the justice of our cause. IHaving faith
o in a just Arbiter of the affairs of men'
L- let us acquit ourselves like men worthy
e of the trust reposed in us, having every
e confldence that victory will crown our
.5 efforts. May the God of nations direct
your minds, control your deliberations
and lead you on to a higher and nobler
- appreciation of the work that is before
- you.
t At the afternoon session the Alli
g ance took up the committee's report in
e regard to making the candidates foi
r the State Legislature declare them
I- selves as standing flat footed on the Al
f liance platform and pledging them
). selves to vote for no men who did no
i- so declare themselves. After quite i
ir fight the Alliance passed the resolutior
g. which is considered stronger than tha
h recently passed by the Marion Count'
a Alliance.
I- Some of the delegates wanted t(
L- compromise and vot9 for candidate.
il now before the people who came near
e est to standing upon the Alliance plat
" form, but no compromise would be
if agreed to. A few wanted to leave the
e matter alone ontirely. Others said they
I- were tired of being considered as only
n lit to (1o what Tilimnan told thom to do,
t and angered considerably by the Gov
- ernor's statement at Winnsboro, were
o all for tight from the jump, and won
the day by a good majority. The key
. note was sounded in President Evan's
- speech this morning, and Governor
r Tillman's Winnsboro speech only added
fuel to the flame.
- The question is now a plain one.
Having passed the resolution, the Alli
ance cannot vote for either Tillman or
, Butler delegates. Their members of
, the Legislature will have to vote for
D somebody-but who? That's the ques
e tion. 1 hear that Keitt will be the
I man.
r Another important matter was thre
r passage of a resolution reeniacting the
Alliance catechism of last year. The
s judiciary committee in the afternoon
3 also submitted a report in the Gantt
s matter. I understand that it gives
Gantt a pretty heavy dose. Of all the
- surprising things, though, that I have
t found in this campaign, is the way the
Alliancemen speak of Governor Till
man. They are hot, and they make no
- attempt to conccal it. One listenmng at
x most of them talk would think he was
t listening to a crowdi of '93~ Conserva
.tives. The (dispensary situaition is not
being talked of at all. 'The committee
to whom was referred tire address of
t tihe piresidient, submIittedi a report which
-was ad optedl, in which it is said.
"We wouldi emphasize that part of
B the message in which we are urged to
Sstand firmly by each and( every demand
-made by tihe Aliianrce."-State.
t AIKIaN, S. C., ,Juiy 26.--The first
event of' today was the meeting of tihe
State Farmers' Alliance exchange.
This meeting was held1 about 9 o'clock,
in the IPark Avenue llotel. Tine prin
- cipal feature of the meeting was the
1 exoneration and thou the re-election of
'Col. D). .1'. Duncan as the manager of
- thre State Alliance exchange. All the
old1( oflicers were ro-electedi. The boardl
as electedi consists of tihe foliowing:
First Congressionail District-O, 11.
1 i1iiy.
Second. -Dr. WV. i. Timmerman.
Third-J- M. (Glenn.
Foucrthr-John i. Iharrison.
F'ifth-A. II. W ~hit.e.
Sixth-S. T1. McKewee.
Soventhr-narmo not given.
T ihe ofilcers elec~tedi are asm follows:
.l'resident-,;. A. SlIgh.
Secretary-Wv. i. Timmierman.
Tlreasurer-3J. WV. Furguson.
-The financial report srhowed the e'x
ch 5iangfe to be in line condition. The
exchange lhas $17,000 invested in the
1 i ock of the iFarmers' andi Mechanics'
-llank( of Columbia, holding the major
'1 ity of the stock andi having live out of
5 the nrine dlirectors. Thie entire capital
iof the exchange now is about $225,000j.
A resrolutioni wasE unanimously passed
inrstructing~ the oxecuitivye committee of
B the Sftate Alliance to submit the in
-terrogatories framed by this Alliance
s at its last meeting to all candidates
D for Congress in this State and pubiish
Stheir answers in thre State organ.
IN Urgenet and !ordhiai invitations were
extended from lexinigton andi other
y places for the next mieetinig of the
0 State Alliance, but C~ohriaic was the
ri most favored ini this matter, and~ the
5 . next session of the State Ailbance will
e be held in the Capitali (ity on thre
a fourth Wednesday in; July, 196
I I tesolu tions were ad optedi comme am
1 orating the (heath of ,J. A..Jlfferies, (ex
Li State Lecturer.
0 This resolution was unanimously
I.voly Orowdl at WV101abaro--The Most
Fvnetitil Uaniupaign Meeting of the
Serin.- Ieformera Hisake Else Other
WINNsBORO, S. C., July 24.-The
mot eventful meeting of the campaign
was held here today. From the point
of view of peace and good order it was
a model gatheriug; politically it was
not model. The simple and blunt truth
Is that the Reformers partisipated in
an all-around slugging match.ln which
nearly all of them became involved be
fore it was over.
Col. 1). P. )uncan started the ball by
denouncing Larry Gantt, his traducer,
as a "buzzard." Senator Stanyarne
Wilon j imped on Colonel Duncan and
partially defended Gantt. Evans next
went for Ellerbe and Ellerbe went for
Evans. Governor Tillman undertook
to spank the whole crowd, including
Tlndal,sand got into a sharp and salty
spat with General E.1lerbe. I will not
now undertake to give my opinion of
the outcome of this spat. I have given
it verbatim and the public can form its
own conclusion. The question betiween
the Governor and the Swamp Eox is
probably settled, as each man succeed.
ed in getting before the public what lie
wanted. The speaking was commenced
by Yelldell, who was followed by
Thomas, both of whom are candidates
for Itallroad Commissioner. Tbey were
followed by Whitman, Mayfield and
Kitt, candidates for Superintendent
of Education. This Is Mr. Keitt's first
appearance. Gen. Richbourg was the
only candidate on hand for Adjutant
and Inspector-General, and he went in
alone. Winnsboro is the first place in
the Fourth Congressional )istrict that
the campaigners have yet touched and
there were three Congressional aspi.
rants present to talk to the people
Wilson, )uncan and Farley. Johnson,
the Conservative, of Laurens, was not
on hand. These gentlemen had quite a
sparring match. They were followed
by the candidates for Governor, the
lion. John Gary Evans being the first
Senator Evans charged Ellerbe with
conducting his campaign on a narrow
minded basis, trying to array farmers
against lawyers. This was not right
and he condemned it. lie said Ellerbe
takes oience at all that Is said about
him in some of the Reform papers. lie
(Evans) had not been paying any atten
tion to articles against him, but would
answer a communication which appear
ed in the Register this morning. The
article was signed by "Sener." The
word means old. If "Senex" Is as old
in years as he Is In iniquity he is as old
as Mothusalah.
Senator Evans then denounced as lies
insinations made by "Senex." One of
these was that he had forged Governor
Tilliman's name in sending a telegram
to Darlington during the riot there.
lie had written the telegram on Gov
ernor Tillman's order and the Gover
nor know it. The insinuation of "Se
nex," was basely false. That was hit
ting below the belt. Another insinua
tion was that he is drawing salaries
from corporations. "That is another
lie. I never drew a dollar from corpo
rations in my life." (Lou:d applause
and cheers )
To the insinuation that he claimed
all the credit for refunding the State
debt and had done little, Senator Ev
ans said lie had never claimed all the
credit, but he had done his share. qI
am not claiming false glory. It is bad
grace to be trying to pull nme down by
lies. You know they are lies. (Ap
plause.) I have done more for the Re
form movement and gotten less out of
it than any man in South Carolina."
Senator Evans next began slugging
General Ellerbe and hit right and left,
going over all tile charges Ellerbe has
made against him and defending him
self'. Senator IEvans ended his speech
by a discussion of the Dispensary law.
his remarks were well received.
Secretary of State Tindal followed, a
shower coming up as lie was intro
duicedi. lie said:
Why does tile Alliance require you to
admit Republicans and Populists and
D~emocrats to the same table'? To teach
toleration and remove prejudices?
Why ? In order that farmers might
consid3r measures and vote for their
interest instead of for their prejudices.
This was a basic princIple and the
whole ritual was founded upon it.
Why wvas it necessary'? .liecause the
prejiunices4 engendered by the war ena
blett tihe Repubhlican party ito rule and
r'ob the farmers of the Unaited States.
flow'? Tihe northern f'arwer-the back
bone1 of the Republican party-wor
shipped his heroes and voted only to
keep dlown the "rebels." The Southern
farmer worshipped his heroes and
voted to -keep (lown the raaicals while
the government was run in the inter
(est of corporations and manufacturers
and trusts and the money p~ower. The
irst thing necessary was to remove
this prejudice in order that the farmer
might he led by his reason instead of
his prejudices.
What is our plain dut~y as Reform
ers'? Evidiently to conduct this Reform
election for Governor so as to let every
Raeiormier feel that he has justice. Al
readiy the people in almost every coun
t~y have said that they are afraid the
conv.ention will be manipulated. Some
say they will not go to the polls, be
cauise uinless lie happened to be with
one who has the plurality his vote will
not be0 countedi. Suspicion and jealous
les are already taking root. Now, I
care mnore for the success of true re
form principles and for the pea',e and
progress of the State than to be Gover
nor. Tlhe fate and future of the Reform
party dlepends upon the satisfyIng
the rank and flle that the election will
be fair.
Now, how are we to have a fair ex
pressIon of tile will of Reformers?
Suppose Fairlild cast 1,6100 Reform
votes and three of the cannidates get
i,193) votes and tihe other get 410. Will
you give the whole dlelegation to the
candidate who gets only 410 votes and
leave 1,i190 Reformers without a voice?
Would that be the will of the majority'?
On the contrary one-fourth of the vot
era would dominate three-fourths. I
have a fair proposition which I believe
will be satAiastory and avoid all dan
ger anid encourage every Reformer to
vote whether he be in a minority P
one place or not.
Proposition to secure a satisfactor
expression of the Reformers' choice ft
Section 5 of the resolutions publishe
by the Reform Executive Commiitte
That the Reformers be requested t
exprf Bs their choice by ballot for Goi
ernor and Lieutenant Governor, an
that the chairman of the delegation c
the club be required to make a retur
of said choice to the county conventio
to be held on the 13th day of Angus
My proposition does not change thl:
but perfects it. It is when the It(
formers have cast their ballot, let ther
be tabulated for each candidate an
taken to the county convention. Ther
let the ballots of all the county clib
be tabulated so as to get tho numbe
of votes cast for each clegates an
elect delegates to the State Conventio
so as to give each candidate his propoi
tionate strength or vote in the Stat
Convention, the chairman to take th
vote with him to the State Conventiot
which shall count the whole vote clai
for each candidate. By this means th
party will be fully satisliea and no di,
satisfaction will result.
The audience expected hot stuff fror
Ellerbe when he got up ar.d they go
some warm material. General Ellerb
said that he and Eyans had been spat
ring. So far they had not hit below th
belt, but the newspapers friendly t
Evans had hit, him (Elierbe) below th
belt in a most foul manner. Larr
Gantt was one of these men. Gant
had deliberately slandered and misrep
resented him and had scattered I h
Headlight broadcast to injure him. 1i
view of all the false charges agains
him lie thought that Tillman ought ti
say to the people that lie (I-llerbe) is ni
General Ellerbe then went on to sa
that lie did not desire to bring out cer
tain things but was forced to it. ii
repeated mo3t positively that Governo
Tillman had solicited Hm (1lHlerbe) t
make the race for Go, arnor and hia
told him (Ellerbe) that lie would no
have to scramble for the place. Col
W. A. Neal was present when Governo
Tillman told him that and lie woul,
prove it by Neal. The people, Generr
Ellerbe said, want a farmer and not
lawyer for Governor. Furthermor.
Ellerbe said, after Governor Tillma
had told him (Ellerbe) what ho did, ti1
Governer telegraphed to Evans I
come to Columbia and adyised Evai
to get out of the race. The Governm
and others knew that lie (Ellerbe) li
not wanted the oflce of Governor at
had been solicted to make the race,
General Ellerbe said that it was r
ported everywhere that orders ha
gone out from headquarters that Eva
must be Governor. Ie (Ellerbe) pi
posed to show that no auch orders ha
gone out.
"Governor Tillman," General Eller
declared, "is an honorable man a:
would not induce me in this race i
then go br4 'k on me. lie has fougi
the lawyers all his life and why shou
lie be supporting one now ?"
General Ellerbe next scored Evai
for what he considers the Game (ock
faults and mistakes of the past. Evan
he said, had promised not. to sulk
beaten for Governor, but Evans lh
sulked when defeated for Speaker <
the House by Irby. le had sulke
with Tillman as late as 1891 and hr
abused the Governor then.
General Ellerbe made a strorg appei
to the farmers not to let lawyers g4
possession of this movement. If the
did It meant good-bye to the movi
ment, If the farmers'have any amb
bition for their sons they must not a]
low the movement turned over to glit.
tongued lawyers. What encoutrage
ment would it be to a farmer bo
when lie wanted to seek oflice to knol
that the lawyers own everything ?
Evans, lie said1, has not ditscuissed lih
Alliance demands on a ille Atum
and has talked as all lawyers do.
Senator Butler was in a humnorou:
strain today and kept his auitienc
laughing from beginning to endl. 11
said that the sports of the daty reminc
ed him of a line of poetry. "Oh, lbert'
how many crimes aire commnittedi i
thy name?" A little transpositlo
would make it read: "Oh, Reform, hol
much ihumbutggery is committed ii
thy name ?" General Butler defender
the Democratic parl~y and aked wh
the whole party should be condemnel
and spit upon and villilled because on
man has not sustained lisa pledgesy Ii
acting as they are the D~emocratmi ar
simply pav'ing the way to then succes
of the Reptublican party. General liut
1er said the Reform movement is gel
ting sick and the best thing it can do
to keep Marne lien in tis State to ge
it well and return him (Bt her) t~o thi
General liutler advised tie Conservac
tives to elect dlelegates f'rom their cluli:
to the Reform County Convetioni an
in that way offer to take part it th
primaries. They ought to want to tauk
part as goodl citizens,.i (111 did ot bi
lieve, however, the Reformers would ki
them in. Genaral Biutler received somt'
solid cheers, lie was not once interrupi
ed. llis discuissioni of national issue
was brief and( was on thme same lin
with what has been pnublished biefor
in my correspondience. Tinere hs
complete change in Genieral fButler
tactics since the Edgelield mieetingp
lHe jokes and makes humorous per
sonal remarks t~o mn lie knows in fh
Governor Till man was thien introui uu
ed and began. hy saying that lhe tel
like spanking the iteformers who ar
quarreling among themselves. lie ho
iteved he wotuld just spank the "whol.
biling of them." Instead of' their tel]
ing what they intend to dho if elhecte
Governor they go around qutarreling
with each other. Evans, he said
claims all the credit for retuinding Lh
State debt. Evans did nothing bu
bring a sham suit in court, lie (Tilmian
and Bates did the work. Elrmue taike<
like heo had (lone all time lighting augains
the railroads and the banks when I
has since been found otut that anothei
man originated the plan againist ti'
banks and roads.
Tindal, ho said, is going around get,
ting off some doutble-twisted, back ac
tion schemes fbr a primary insteaid c
the plan now adopted by the Rteform
err. The Governor acknowvledged tham
It would be better t's have a dlirec
vote, but that wvouild bring up the oli
quiestion between the up-coutntry an
the low country about the negro. .1
the equilibrium between the hos
country and the up couintry is to 1
preserved the syrstemu asm adopted mum
stand. The Conservatives, ha an
t want to come In and pick out and elect
a man who will surrender all we have
y fought for.
>r Just here there was one shout for A
Elerbe and one for Evans. Tillman
I told the shouters to shut up and then
0 went on to say:
"Now, I will touch on the coat tall r.
o business. l'eople are trying to make
out that. I am trying to play double.
d You who know me know that I never
r played double in my life and that I
it never will." (Applause.)
ri "The sum and substance of this whole at
, thing." he said, 'is that in to
January EIllerbe and Neal came
1, into my ollice. There was a la
i- great cry for a farmer for Governor. 131
Li J'lierbe was talking about the matter 13
I and L asked him who he thought would
3 be a good man. Ile named several and
B I told him tihe people wouldn't have i
r them. '1hen I asked him .why he didn't W1
il run. lie said he didn't want the place, th
i aid I asked him what he was making
'- all the fuss about. About the 'ame
o tine it was reported that I was in
i favor of Evans for Governor. Ellerbe co
asked am if I wasn't pledged to Evans he
t and I told him no. I further told him
0 that it made no difference what class a
I man was from; that tne peo. th
ple wanted and would have th
I a man with the backbone and nerve to ita
t carry oit the laws. "I say here and
3 now that Ellerbo i. a good and true
- man with plenty of backbone and nerve tiv
n but lie is not the only one in the i0- po
) form ranks who has it." Sel
General Ellerbe had bf-en sitting with co
i his eyes steadily fixed on the Governor
t while this explanation was being made.
- lie arose. called the ('overnor and said: fer
3 "Didn't I tell You at ileauifort that I av,
I intended to refer to this if this thing
t, kept up, and( didn't you, by silence,
agree to it?" gr
) The Governor did not (lispuite this. In
Then General .Elierbe said: lie:
'Didn't you tell me, Iln the presence W
- of Colonel N eal, that I wouldn't have to
a scramble for the place, and that you ii
r would take Evans out of the race?" pO
) Tillman answered: "Yes, I said I no
I would got him out if I could, but he
Swouildn'L come out. I ain not his keep.
or and could not take him out. isn't
r that so?" m<
1 lulrbe-"Yes, if you say so." he
The 1vernor said he had never in- fu
dicated any preference for either man, he
Turning (uic3kly to Elierbe Tllmau
n asked: of
" Why do you underLake to say I RI
i brought you out?"
)r Ellerbe quickly-"lecause you did ." al
d Tillman-'" . did not." 1]
d1 Ellrbo-'You did." ci
Lond cheering for Ellerhe and Till- ti
e- man broke out, it being dhllicult to tell h
e which had the best of it. There were
as soaSme cheeis for Evans.
0o. County Chairman Ketchin stepped 8
ve forward and the noise ceased. a
Tihe (iovernor turied around without
be another word and resumed his speechi
id by saying lie wonid now spank Butler t
id some. I e chunked the Senator briskly
it, for a few minuittes an(i next turned his
Id heavy guns on Cleveland, referring to t
the I'resident at the beginning as that
is black hearted old scoundrel. (Loud f
's cheIers.) Senator Gorman had just come a
q, oi the conclusion diat the thieves are t
if heainning 10 fall out and] exposo each c
(I other's roteness. (Applause.) n
if "I say we are Democrats, but I do u
d not say that we can possibly hold on si
d much longer that name the way things h1
are going on. I have got this to say: it
il Rather than be trampled on and tied t<
it hand and foot by the gold po wer I will
y seek the first opportunity of uniting gi
!- the South and West. I will go whether si
i. you go with me or not. (Tremendous cc
- cheering.) hi
Shouts-" We vwill go with you." he
'-"We are hleldi down ," the Governor vt
y said, "and our noses put to the grind- at
V stone. I would give lIve thiousandl dol. at
lars today to be in that Senate to tell sii
e t hat ol scoundrel and the Senate what ni
P 1 think of them. (Loud applause.) cl
TIhe Governor said that yesterday lie :
had issued a proclamation leopening
a' the dispensaries until the Supreme m
' Court decides the 1893 law or the Leg. W
B islature chianges It. Hie reviewed his in
action in closing the dispensarles after hi
', the (lecision of the court, and the whole si1
a bulsiness5. fromi beginning to end. In st
a reopening the dispelnsaries lhe is simply se
V obleying the wvill of the people,.W
iei then'i t ook ai handl pri mary in the
audience on the <question of whether 0ok
they want the~ presen0t state of affairs 5p
.or the dlispehnary. Not a hand was ly.
e raised for prohibition, and a large nnm- wi
her wenrt, ip to back lip the dispensary. ac
a The (Governor said( hle (dirn't believe bh'
5 in allowin~g the whiskey men to boss
-things any longer, ie was going to lit
give them a chance to dispose ofi the ar
5 rot they have on hand before lie put the an)
tscrews on i hemt. Some newspapers, the Lh
3 (Governor said, are predicting blood. he
shed. 'lhy are siimply encouraging fr.
- violation of t lie law. sh
3 ( Qovernor' Tiillman~i sali he noticed wi
Li t.hat ani A llia nce of this Slate had m.
ie adi')ptedi a resolution that it would not lhe
Ssupiport any main for ollice Whol is not m
in lull accoirdi with the (Oca:la demands. of
'Thefl ( lovernor said: ra
"It, is wvell known that I do not, nj
idirse all1 the Alliance demands. If tiheb
SA lliance wants to hurl, itself and Rte-.
form), it, canY prosecute that coulrse. I
hl'ieve that there are enouagh Alliance.
ment who believe in my honesty to suip
po11 r111m." ( A pplause.) e
TIhe (Governor concluded bly warning o
Is friends to send1 none( hblt rock rib- tu
bed ilmanltes to the Legislature. lie anu
said Wall street andi the whiskey trust an
will turn loose barrels of money when
tno I aglsature meets to beaiit him (Till. E
main) for the11 Senate.
'ihe appllauise wa~s spout aneouis and~ibl
lo ulolDninets wore senit the Gover
. . .of
, war nas nolien Inoclar, t. ye
B l,OND)ON, .J uily 211.--War has been de- tr(
t, clared between JIapan and China. The
).Japanese have seized the King of Corea an
Sand hold( him prisoner'. IEleven Chinese aic
steamers are on their way to Cores.
t, Most of the troops aboard them are
'coolies armed with bows arid arrows.
3 Some Chinese steamers which have ar- fr
rived at Corea have been prevented by OC
.Japanese f'rom landing troops. It is Ak
- reported that the Japanese artillery hi
I' sank several of thlemf.m
t 'T'.xARLKANA, Ark., ,July 23.-The a'
I southbound passenger train from JDal. sc
I las, over the Texas and Pacillc railroad, Lr
f due here at 7:1r p. mn., was wrecked ci
v near Queen City, ',oday, shortly bofore a1
0 (6 o'clock, and it is reported that seven n
t people were killed as a result of the ac.
L, cident
ilttl Ida hlreek, of Vineiand. N. J , wAs
Dresseet for ilhie G ravo, bat Hsh i w e
VINELAND, N. J., July 20,-A strange
id remarkable recovery from a mys
rious and unfathomable malady has
tely been the experience of little Ida
'ock, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F. A-.
*ock, of this city. The physicians are
zzled and frankly admit their inabil
r to diagnose the terrible disease, or
lttever it might be clled,which held
e child in its iron grasp for two
Many theorles are advanced to so.
tint for the child's inability to ue
r vocal organs,one being that a tooth
d lodged in some channel leading to
3 throat. Another is that the girl's
rix had been ruptured and incapac
ted from performing its proper
ictions. hat no one will say posi
ely what deprived little Ida of her
vers of articulation. The girl her
f says: "Something snapped and I
tildn't make the words."
4r. lireck is a manufacturer of un
monted wine, and lives in Landis
mnue. About two years ago Ida, who
s then but 5 years of age, was etating
*en apples in the yard, and in bit
into a particularly hard one one of
r teeth was torn from the roots.
betlior she swallo ved it, whether it
Iged in some cavity, as m'ny sup
se, or whether it fell on the ground is
t known.
Plhe child, frightened at the pain and
the blood which flowed from her
mut, ran into the house and threw
raelf sobbing on a lounie. She re.
sed to answer questions or to tell
r troubles, and the anxious inquires
her startled parents only elicited
ghs and inarticulate sounds.
The next day she was still silent, and
so refused to partake of any food.
er parents were alarmed and physt
ans and specialists were called, but
iey could do nothing for her relief and
er condition became steadily worse.
As the time wore on she became
'eak and emaciated, and her death
3emed only a question of a few weeks
t least. After a month of painful
watching the attending physicians
ronounced the child dead and took
heir departure. The little form was
ostumed with a shroud, and the grief
tricken parents made preparations for
he funeral.
liut happily the child was naved
rom ti iorrible fate of being buried
live. signs of life were discovered in
ie inanimate form, and the mourners
rowded around in a fever of excite
ient. The seemingly dead child sat
p, rubbed her eyes, opened them and
ared wonderingly at the faces around
ar. With her lingers she made signs
idicative of her desire for something
0 eat.
From that moment she began to re-,
%in her former health and spirits
Dwly it is true, but surely, and in the
urse of twelve or thirteen mnonths
d completely recovered. But though
ir health came back the use of her
ical organs did not, and she was still
mute as a~ sphmnx. All her wants
d necessities were expressed by
~ns. Matters went on in this man
r for a year, during which time the
ild never uttered a coherent sound,
A few days ago a strange and re
arkable change came to pass. Ida
ais playing with a knife or some sharp
strument and managed to cut one of
ir finger so that it bled. 1Nicher the
ght or the smell of the bhi d had a
range effect upon the child. She
emed surprised at something and
us happy.
Thmat same night she startied her
ler sister, with whom she slept, by
onking her name slowly and distinct.
She also pronounced several other
rds plainly, and seemed pleased at
comnplishing tihe heretofore impossi
I'he'older girl, startled at hearIng
man sounds from lips so long silent,
aused the houwehold, and an eager
d wondering group gathered about
e little one, endeavoring to persuade
r to speak to them; but the child
ghtened, probably, at the excItement
e had caused, and at the strange and
mnderful feat she had performed, re
sined silent. Nothing could induce
r to utter a word, and the father andi
>ther an instant before in an ecatacy
delight at what they thought a mi
mulis intervention of Providence,
re bowed down with grief, thinking
it their eldest daughter must have
an dreaming.
l'he next day, however, the novelty
hearing her own voice having worn
Ida again assayed to talk and sue
adled admirably. Nor was she fright
ed at the interest she aroused . The
ting of her finger seemed to be the
rning point in the history of the case
d from this time on her improve
mt was rapid. She has entirely re
vored her power of speech and is a
ry happy child in conseqnence. Last
ednesday she celebrated her seventh
thday with a party and entertained
r gtuests in royal style, laughing and
atting as happily and freely as any
them. She has always been a ner
us child, but very healthy and ex.
nmely bright for one of her years.
('he case has caused muchu interest
tong medical men and those who are
iuainted with the circumstances.
A Sensation.
WASIIINGTON, July 25.--A special
>m Birmingham, Ala., says that John
illins, a gardener, residing in the out
irts of Cunningham, thought he
ard thieves in his garden early this
orning, and with his daughter, Mag
e, 16) years old, arose and went out~to
vestigate. The closing of the door
roke Mrs. CJolline, who aroused her
n, Willie, telling him burglars were
ying to get in. The boy got a Win.
uester andgoing out,mistookc his father
ud sister for burglars in the dark
esaa and shot them both. The father
as killed instantly and the girl will

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