Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, AUGIST 30, 1894. NO50
THE SILV1FR QUESTION. AVERY ABLE ARGUMENT FROM THE FREE C01 4AGE 81E. A Quiot Man Who lifta s81dtteey rim pressed Elisil-t 11pos the lIbilc-A Presealtation of ith Q4atohA 1111 to, Well Worh 14,04101r. GREENvIL LE, . C., Aug. 23.-"Joe" Johnson, as everybody in Laurens calls him, made i quiet canvass for Congreps in this district in 1892. ie strictly toted his own skillet, but received very little more than the Con servattive vote because he frankly avowed everywhere that ho was not, a Tillmari man and (lid not intend to vote for Tillman. This year he is making another quiet canvass, speaking often to small gath eringe at country places. The people, however, have suddenly waked to the conclusion that in this comparatively little talked of candidate they have a very able man and tho one who knows more about the all important financial question and talks better about it than any body else. The following is a synopsis of Mr. Johnson's speech on free coinage which was declared by Governor Tillman to be the ablest, clearest and strongest talk on the currency question he had ever heard or read: Upon the proper solution of the fi nancial problem depends the future prosperity and happiness of our people. That solution demands thorough knowledge of all the principles under lying money. Money is not only a medium of ex change but a measure of value. Sugar, coffee or nails give so many pounds for a dollar, so that the dollar measures all human labor and sacrillce. Money has its price and is bought and sold in the markets. The rule that prices are Ilxed by supply and demand applies to mon ey as well as to other commodities. If money is abundant dollars must be cheaper; if it is scarce dollars must be high. John Stuart Mill says that the price of money moves in reverse ratio to other commodities-that it rises as they fall and falls as they rise. If that be true the proposition follows that when money is high more labor and sacrillce are required to get a dollar than when it is low. In 1870 the salary of the Governor of South Carolina was :6.500. When the tax payers went to market to buy that $3,500 to pay their governor with they carried thirty-five bales of cotton for it. In 1893 the gov ernor's salary was still $3,500,but when the tax payers went to buy those dol lars they had to carry over a hundred bales of cotton to get them, represent ing three times tis much labor and sac rifice as in 1870. All political economists have -recog nized this principle as the true one on which to base financial legislation. The trouble of having limited money or contracted currency arises from the fact that where one man has money to sell ninety-nine are trying to buy it. Legislation which increases the value of the dollar belonging to the ona man who had it to sell must decreaso the value of the other commodities, the labor and the sacrifice with which the remaining ninety-nine men must buy the dollar. To show that the volume of money controls the prices of com modities the familiar course or wheat may ba considertd. In 1882 the wheat crop of the world was 500,0(X)C30 bush - ele more than the crop of 1893 and the surplus brought into 1882 was great er than the surplus brotight. into 1893. The supply of wheat inl 1882 was hnm dreds of millions of bslai m1 t Iha in 1893; the population of the world had increased enormously from 1882 to 1893. Yet with a lessened supply andl~ an Increased demand the average price of wheat in New York in 1893 waus (9 cents a bushel against $1.13 in 1882. Thuis cannot be explained on the over production theory because there was less wheat In 1863 than there was In 1882 and more people to buy it. Tlhe one fair and reasonable explanation is that between 1882 and 1893 dollars in creased in valuse oo t hat, 1 he -m who,'iai carried wheat to mar: ket to buly dlla rs had to carry more of it to get them with. So it was with cottoni and all other commodities, for t here Ia a geon eral range or prIcts which in the first Instance are liXud by t.he supply of money, or in othter woruds, bcy thoe aver age amnounit of Pacri (ice ini all lim a of business that is rcquiredt to got a dol * ar. Theeffct ponthe country of' a on stantly cont ra'cting currency i's a coni stant fall in thme price of' labor and its products. People have fixed liabilities to meet which rt quire so nuch more or the results of thmi-r labor to satisfy that nothing is left for comforts or luxuries or to meet current indebatedness. in this country since 1873 there has been a persistent fail in the price of com -modities so that the people who depend on the sale of those commodlities for their livings have been unable to meet the debts they had contracteul and have been sold out. Thelm census statistics show that many thousandis of people who were land owners ten years ago are now tenants. These facts rouse in the people the spirit of discontent and unrest, such as we have had in South Carolina. They seek to apply local remedies for a general trouble and by Stt legisla tion andi changes to remove evils which are as potent and~ as patent in Nebras ka, Louisians, Texas and Kanss as in South Carolina makes it lo w in Missis sippi andl the same causes make cheap corn arnd wheat in Kansas mand Ne braska. Another e ffect of the increase of the value of commodities andl property is that it prevents men from investing in and dleveloping enterprises and indus tries. The fact that money is steadlily againing in value induces those who have it to hoard it and lock it up. it is withdrawn from the channels of trade and the laboring man is dleniedi the opportunity to earn support. That makes hard times. All commercial history shows that whenever for a se' ries of years there has been a constant fall in thme price of commodities hard times have come. JRogland 1had an 11 Itustration of this, when, in 1819, she demonetized silver. She had then 160, 000 real estate owners. Ten years later she had but 50,000. The peeplo were sold out,ruined in the steady rise in the price of money. A great deal is said about "honest money." The only honest money is money which always measures the samve average requirement of labor or sacrifice to obtain it. A money to be honest must keep pace with the in crease Inl buisim si and population. With any other kind of money there must becontraction. In t his country whenever a railroad is built or a facto. ry constructcd or a mine opened the money to pay for the work must be taken from some other line of business and thereby contraction results. As iusiness increases the facilities for do ing business should increase. John C. Calhoun taught that if the country had ten billions of property andi a given quantity of money and the property was doubled, unless there was ia cor responding increase of the money sup ply the money value of the property would not be increased. Blackstone one of the greatest thinkers of modern times, said that a horse might sell for ten pounds at one time and twenty pounds at another time, the difference in price resulting from the difference in the amount of money in the king dom. If a man give his obligation to another for one thousand bushels of corn and the government should after ward change the bushel measure io as to require 112 pounds instead of 50 to the bushel to discharge the obligation, paying the enlarged bushels would place upon the debtor a burden he iiev er contracted for and give to the credi tor an advantage that he was not en titled to receive. The principle is not different when the obligation is ex pressed in dollars. A striking example of this unearned profit appears upon in vestigation of the public debt of tile United States. That debt in 1865 amounted to $2,8031,000,000 and 14,000,000 bales of cotton would have paid the entire debt. We have paid on the debt In princial, in terest and premium more than S5,C 30, C30,000. We have reduced the princi pal to 8035,000,000. Today the balance due calls for more cotton, more flour, more labor and sacrilice than the entire debt would have commanded in 1865. The burden has grown no lighter. One of the most eminent bimetallists of the country in the early part of 1873, before the United States and Ger many demonetized silver, wrote that, in case any country of importance adopted the gold basis, a persistent de cline would set in in the prices of com modities, money would appreciate; that times would grow harder, a spirit of unrest and dissatisfaction would manifest itself and would result in strikes, idle workingmen seeking em ployment, &,. The history of the past twenty years could be no more cor rectly written. This prediction was followed by another, in almost the same paragraph to this effect: Various causes will be assigned such as, im proved machinery, new inventions, and over production; some will also claim that falling price and hard times have resulted from local causes, but few people will realize that the true cause of the appreciation of money and the depreciation of property. Our own experieuce and observation that all these causes have been laid hold of during the last few years. The remedy, however, is the impor tant question. The Democratic party both by its platform and by its tradi tion is pledged to the restoration of silver to the mints. That platform says: "We hold to the use of both gold and silver as thestandard money of the country, and to the coinage of both gold and silver withoit discriminating against either metal or charge for mint age." At the time of tihe adoption of this platform in the Ilotse of Itepre sentatives of the U6ted Statas seven representat.ives to oie had votel in fa vor of free silver and eight to one in the senate. Whienever a propoit ion is made 1.0 rest ore sliver to the miuts varinus oh jecliions are iiued against i.. For in - siaice, somelO peopl elaiml that, the inl trinslic value of thew ail1ver in a dlollar is not, worth a doliar-. There is nto such hlni as int rinsic value, itri-nsic means to lie in. Silver has prioperties, such as hardnese, which accompany It wherever It goes. Value is not a prop erty; value is a conception of the mind, It is something that resides in the mind of the person and not in the object s'mght., If a man was on an uninhab ited island and had noi hopme of ever get tinig Cf h le wold prefer- a bushel of wheat to a bushel of goldl. So wvhat the intrinsic value advocates really mean is commerciatl value. The com mercial value of gold or silver is ial ways equal, at least to the coInage value. 10 the mints of the Uited States were open today for the coinage of silveg at the rate of 4i2% grains to the $1, tTsat would ho its value for- all ther pu11r poses, because if a man had1( silver enough at that rate to coin one hun dIredl silver (dollars, that silver couild not lie purchased for less thtan one hundred dollars, for so long as the purchaser didl not oler the owner asl many dlollars a1s the silver could coin the owvner would just make dollars out of it;. There has never been a time wvhen the commercial value of a money metal fell lb-low the coinage value wvhen the mints were open to it. T welve of the ab'lest men in Great Britain alter a most thor-ough investigation re-port-ed to the British government that France had kept the commercial value all over the world at 15% t o I for a period of seventy years, and t hat iFrance, 10rag. land, Geormanly, Unmited States, or any other leading countr y could main taIn tihe value of silver at whatever rates it might es tablish.- If value is ai conceptioni of( the mind, it may lbe asked whether it can be created by law. No it can not. Deo mannd, however, may lie created by law, and that makes the value. To illniq trate, suppose the United States gov ernent should prohibit by law the use of any kind of horses ini this cogni try except yellow horses, the result o1 such legislation would be to dlestroy the demand for all other kInd of horses andl their value would go down. On the other hand there would be a largely increased demand for the 7ellow horsies. 'hat is precisely what the United States and other countries have done when they have dleclared by law that the peo ple could only use the yellow metal for money. it is to lie observed that all references to the repeal fall in price of silver never go back on 1873 when its value was de stroyedi by legislation. To Put white horses on an (quality with yellow horses, the law prohibiting the use of whIte horses must be repealed. To put siver on a parity with gold, the law prohibiting its use as money must be repealed. Another obj ection urged to the coinage of ailver is its cost of pro duction. A few silver mines have yielded their owners fabulous fortunes and in those rare Instances, no doubt, silver has been minedta mall cost, but that proves nothing, for some farmer fortunately circumstanced may produce corn at a very low cost, but that would not prove that all farmers in the United States produce corn at the same price. These alleged statistics of the cheap prodtuction of silver are misleading, because they do not take into account the tens of thousands of silver miners who are working at a loss if you ask why these tens of thousands of -silver miners are working at. a loss the answer Is that "hope springs eter nal in the hmman breast," the mining businesR is peculilirly fascinating and every miner in the Rocky mountains expects to strike a fortune to morro w. The truth is that the value of silver in a dollar does not depend upon the cost of production, but it depends upon the amount of sacrifice necessary to get the dollar. Common liborers in 1848 and 1849 made I8 to $10 per month in mining gold, but the commercial value of gold remainred at the mintage value. It Is argued that if silver were coined free, the world would be flooded with cheap money. What is cheap money but the opposite of dear money ? What is inflation but the opposite of contrac tion ? The floods w ill not come, for If all the gold and silver in the world were coined into money at 10 to I there would not be a per capita circiulation of 65. It is also claimed that we would be the dumping ground for the silver of alI'countries. if the silver were brought here the people would hardly give it to us, and they could not leave it with us in exchange for property we wanted to sell and where would be the loss? When it is claimed that a silver dollar will huy as much sugar in any store in the lInited States as a gold dollar, the gold basis advocates admit it; but they insist that it is the credit of the silver dollar. If it Is the credit of the govern ment that sustains the silver dollar, why such apprehension of the govern ment coining a 'aw hundred millions of silver dollars? At the close of the war we owed two billion eight hundred million; we have now doubled in popu. lation and quardrupled in property; we would certainly be able to il )at a debt of three billions five hundreds millions. There is but three billions five hun dred million of silver in the world, so that the United States is able by its credit to float all the silver in the world. It is a remarkable fact, how ever, that those who are so apprehen sive of the government injuring its credit by putting its 6tamp on silver are very anxious to have the govern ment bonds. What is the difference ? The bonds draw interest; silver dos not. The bonds prevent an increase in currency,and keep products low, while the silver if coined into money would increase the currency, and make products higher. Every ar gument that is now used against free silver has been used against free gold. In 1848 to 1850 when the gold mines of Australia were yielding large quanti ties of gold, it was then claimed, that silver was the staple metal and the people's money. In 1850 Germany act ually demonetized gold upon the strength of such arguments. The truth is that between the men who have dol lars to sell and those who have dollars to buy there is a conflict, of interest. Those who have money to sell wish to make dollars scarce. That is the tinder lying principle from which either in tal is kept out of the mints. FEveryboby in Congress claims to be a bi-metalist but nothing that is done or proposed ever meets the approbation of the gold bitsis advocate nor does he ever suggest anything except International bi-metal lism. International bi-metallismn Is an impossibility. Mr. Gladstono in a speei before t.he house of' commons said that the world o wed 1-iglani $10,000,000,000, on which the annueal interest, is $50.000,00 0. lie f'urther stated that any step which would in crease the volme of' money andt lthere by depreciate the va'lue of' Ingland's claim against the worldi would be op sed by any English goverment hay Sigd dugregard to the interests of the IEnglish people. The statesmanship and diplomacy of the worldI unite in the conviction that no valid or binding agreement on currency can 1)e madle without the friendly co-operation of IEngland, the wvorldI's greates9t commer cial power. A distinguished international bimet allist has dlefined very accurately and distinctly when international hi-met allism wvill be p~ossible. I t will come, lie said, by the wo,,id('s common consent, when the world is uniting in gp effort to extricate itself from universal and overwhelming ruin, produ mced by persis tence in the effort to (10 businessl with an intflexible andl inadequate supply of money. Another remedy promised biy the Deo muocratic platform ma the repeal of the ten per cent, tax upon the State banks of issue. Some people oppose tis on the ground that they want a money which will be good all over the world. My check for $10 would lbe a'; good in L aurenu as gold. I t would not be good in L~ondon, Liverpooll or Milwaukee, bunt that tact would not lessen its value or its use as a circulating medium at L auirens. Theli people want not 'so much a currency to enable them to transact their buisiness an:1 move their crops withouit going t.0 the great money centers. A national money naturally seeks national centers. The State bank currency would lbe local in its charact er and there might be a money center in every county which would dfecentraliz/e money. There are 9,000J banks in the United States, all with deposit ac counts in New York and with their basis of credit depending on their aver ago deposits. The banks South and WVest have to keep balances of fromi $10,000 to $20,000 in Ne w York, concen trating an enormous amount and deC priving their home customers. A local curency supply would obviate the ne cessi ty for these concentrations. There would be no0 lear of wild cat banks with the railroads and telegraph wires Keeping thle P acific and Atlantic coasts and every coroner of' the country in closs contract, with exact advices of commercial conditions everywhere In thme country accessible every where else at almost any minute of the day.-The News. A New~ Dange(r. .JEFFI~nsONV ib, laid., A ag 2:1. - Lyman Parks, twenty years old, son oh Dr. Ilovd Thomas, Director of the ]nd lana prison South, lost his eyesight yes terday throuigh thme ex plosion of the peneumatic tire of his bicycle. Parka was an route to Corydon, when In some manner the air tube of' his wheel ex ploded. After having adjusted a new one, I.arks commenced to inliato the tunhand thi too exploed. AN APPEAL TO CH ARITY. jix Thuotitut aonils at Pullumn in Nei ot Broat CICAMo, Aug. 21.-At ter making hrough investigation of the conditio hxisting among the ex-employes of I Pullman Company, who pirticipated be recent boicott and otrike, Govern Altgeld, tonight. issued the followil eliet apeal: To the ppople of t state of Illinois and especially to thc A> the city of Chicaco: There ~is great distress growing c AI the wont of food in and around t town of Pullman. More than 1,000 fat lies, or in the neighborhood of 6,01 p0ople are utterly destilute. Neat Four fifths of them are women and ch drun. Th men have endeavore] iet work, but were unable to do 8o. have made a personal examination the county and learn from the 0111c of the Pullman Companv, that prior the strike they had 3,260 names on t roll. Yesterday they had 2 320 peol at work, but over 600 of them are ni men, so that ilhey have only about 1,6 of their old employes at work, leavi about 1.660 that have not been tak back. Several hundred of these have le but the remainder are unable to go aw and have nothing to eat. I lud tl immediately after the beginning of t strik6 a relief association was formed provide for the needy and the books this associations shows that 2,463 app: catious wete made by the Pullman el ployes, mostly heads of families tot association for aid. In fact, nearly of the employes, except the few hundr who left have been supported by char for nearly three months. As a rule th are a superior class of laboring people dustrious, capable and steady, and soi of tnem have worked for the Pullm Company for more than ten yen Those who have been given work c aet food, but are still in such an impov a ished condition that they can't help th neighbors if they would. Relief soci< is unable to get more supplies. Oa l1 Saturday it Rave to each family t pounds of oat-meal and two pounds corn meal and having nothint left suspended operations, leaving the p ile In an absolutely helpless conditi The county commissioners ot Cc county as overseers of the poor hi rendered some assistance, but owing hmited appropriations, they can furn relief tr a short time only. We cani stop to inquire the cause of this distre The good People of this State cannot low women and children by tie I dred to perish by hunger. 1, theref call upon all humane and charitably posed citizns to c'ntribute what t can toward aiving relief to these peo L am satisfiedI that any contribut sent to the Pullman Relief Committe Kensington will bejudicinuslydistribi I fld their treasurer has given bon( properly account for all moneys ceived. (Signed) JolIN P. ALTIEnn, Governor The Ocov raor also sent a coni mi : tIlon to tle conmaissioners of C< county, appealing to them is the cers upon Wioml (lvolved IL dIt,y providing for cases -I this kind to utmost in their power to Iiirnish imt diate asRistnien to the I !poIle In <tistr I'lhe correspondence between Gover Altueld anlid George M. Pullainn, inl ri Lion to the destitution ., the lown I viven to thn press by the Governor. hevini last, -Suodaty, whitm the (Grnou 4 n 31t, atil~rm10M.Piha r Sprin Iieli, inl resli).8An to a nu 1)b51 appomals madie to him b~y strikers for sistaunce. in this dispatc', the Govert tells Mr. i'allmain that althou.h SI ate of Illinois has not thes least, dei to meddle in the a friirs of the compa) it cannot allow a whole commmn within its borders to periah of' hum and informs the president of the cc pany that unless relief comes he wo either hiave to call a special seso ol f.bei losilature to make an approp tion or1 else issu3i an appeal to the mane laeoile of the State to give br to the cornpanvy's former emiployes. adds1: "It seems to me you would fer to reliye the sitiation 3 ourself, esp' ally as it lasa .inst cost the State wardls of' $50,000 to protect, yene prol Threo Lynchel. ,JA(CKSONV1ILLIC, li'fa,, Aug. 22. -N has rea::hert here from) Mi i'la., to the effect that three, ins tead~ two negroes, wore lynched for the r of' Miss IPert,, last Tuesday. After two, who confessed that they ha'd c< mitted the assault, had b~eenl strung ainothier negro was found In the vair by the avengers. Tris negro was pected of' compilicitty in the crime, the suspicion was confirmed b~y st~r circu mstanti al evidence, and he sha the fate of' the other two. The th negroes were unknciown int neighborhood. T1hey were trar and claimed to be from G.eorj There is ) (n01dout that tit were gulty of the assault on Iv Pert. it is said that, after the hodiel the negroes had hung awhile, ti wore cut down aind bunrned by lynchiers. Excitemnent over the ati fs running high, and rumors of ot Jynchings are fn circulatifon, but i Impossible to secure partIculars. people here regret that ft has bee necessary to take the law into ti own hands, but they are dieternminc( make anl example of every man lays vfolent hands on a woman. Im Pert Is still in a pitiable conditi Sne may never recover from her juries. & Fatal Loap. if ICHTMOND, Va., Aug. 23,---Col, J. Winstead, president or the P'iedmi and the Peoples' banks of Greenab< N. (I., committed suicIde here t morning by jumping from one of balconies on the City flail near clock tower. Tihe plunge was one ninety-live feet and the body was paled on an Iron railing. Thle ca of the act is not kno wn here. W V Mr. Winstead got the key to the to g lie showed no sign of nervousness excitement. lie was about sixty ye of age and married. Bsfore jumpi he throw his cane amnd slices dioi Colonel Winstead's nephew airris here from Danville to~nlgnt stated that there was no reason s his uncle should have committed a nintcia THE EDITORS ADJOURN. Rd PrAnIdent Anill-- Oher Now 4)icern RIsolution of Thankuts. a PAWLEY'S Island, Aug. 18.-The as Second day's, meeting of the South rie Carolina state Press Association and in in fact the last 9e8son of this meeting or convened in the Barracks promptlv at 10 o'clock this morning. All the jour h" nalists present on the Island were in at'eAndance. e After some routine business wag transacted Mr. N. G. Gonzales of lie it State, made a motion which was carriLd lie that the address that had been appoint. n- ed to be delivered by several of the 30 editors be postponed until the next ly meeting of the Association on account it- of the absence of several of those whc tq were to speak on the different themes, I Following this bhe placc of the next of anual meeting was decided upon. Mr rs Gonzales gave the Association a most to heart;ly invitation to come to Coluimbl le gain, while Mr. Osteen of Sumter in vited them to meet there. As Colun bia had been the place of meeting last 1 year several of the editors thought Mr DO Osteen's invitation should be accepted 1'g which was done. an Then camte the election of offilcers foi i1, the ensuing year. The following wer ay unanimously elected: E. 11. Aull pre at sident, II. M. Ayer first vice president lie IL. G. Osteen second vice president, C to C. Langston secretary, F. Melcher of treasurer,'Sldi II. Brown chaplain, anc Ii- Messrs. Gonzales, Clarke and Browne the three members )f the executivi u- committee. all After the election of oilcers had beei proceeded with Mr. II. M. Ayer offere( ed the following resolutions which wer tY adopted after which the Associator ey adjourned subject to call: in- In appreciation of the courtesies ex ne tended this association on the occasioi in of this, our twentieth annual meeting ra, be it an Resolved, That we express a vote o .. cordial thanks to \rice President A. B eir Andrews, of the Southern ]tailwal ity Company, General Passenger Agen T. M. Emerson, of the Atlaniic Coasi s Line, W. J. Craig, of the Port Roym WO and Western Carolina Railway, E. I of McSweeny, of the Charleston and Sa it vannah Railway, and other railroa 30- oflicials for transportation generousl m. granted on their roads for the editor ok and their families; to Capt. It. ve Cordes and other ofilcials ot the Sout to Carolina Steamboat Company, an ish Capt. J. T, Hubbard of the steami ,)t. Planter, for their generosity .in affor A ing us transportation and unusur al courtesy shown us, to make the tri Ul by sea as thoroughly enjoyable as It in their power. That our thanks be extended throui dia. this resolution and through our broth ey Josiah Doar in person, to the hospit ple. ble people of Georgetown, and espe< [ons ally to Capt. Springs of the tug Con e at don, for their attention and for ti ited pleasure afforded us durirg our stay I I to the beautiful little city of Georgetow re. That especial recognition is due I us to the hotels of Georgetown for the exertion in our behalf and the ente tainment given us. That thanks be extended the Man mi- gault Light Dragoons for the use vik their comfortable hall for our meeting 11. That we reognize by special vote til o1 thanks due to Mrs. Winthrop Williani 0im for her kindness and courtesy to th R association, which has made this mee 4*Ing so delightful to uts all and that w * shall be equally generous in spreadin nor to the public at large such reports o ' our treatment here and the natural ad vas vantages or this resort as will convinc IL othersi that I'awloy's Island is th Wor choicest of all summer resorts, and tha )m Mrs. Wiliams Is a queen aniong host, of' esses. av Th'liat ai copy of' these, such part ( io parts, of' those resolutions as effe< the those who have contributed to oil iire pleasure bo drafted by the secreitar nandl sent in the name and under thi seal nof the association to those I miwhom w e are so much indebted. ter, Rtesolutions were also adloptedl1l01 4"' lng to f'urther agitationi of thme impo uild tance of' these meetings andl the propi 1011 preparation f'or profitable work by tI ria- ifmmbers and to the securing of' mci hum. hearty co-operation of the entire pr~e and of' 1ha State. Also resolutions of ni ie preciation of Mr. C. II. Prince's wou >re. as5 secretary. Also the following: eci Iesolved, That the thuomks of' tI u.association 1)0 extendedl to the people .Sumter and Columbia for their cordi inv;itation to us to hoili our mee'ting wvit~h them. 3whwaiIlspd ives. yo, PA NA, fIls., Aug, 22.-Judge Willia of P'rice married Mrs. Elsie Ilarrico ape atged 30;, to Edward M undiay, aged 4 the and Miss izzie McIermott, uged 3i >m. to Thoiimas 10miii son, aged 53, at t~me r up spective homes of the brided. And b ity hind1 this prosaic announcement them lus is a story. Monday's present wife wi md the former wile of Ellison, aind 1El] nson's wife was the former wife of Mi ret (day. ILlison was legally dlivorcE ree fromi his lirst wire last Wedniesday, ar his on the same day the new Mrs. Eilis( swas divorsed from Munday and resto fla. ed to her mlaidlen name. T1hie contrac ley ing parties are all upon tihe best Lies terms, andl are, in fact, intimate assi or ciatesi. TIhe present Mrs. Etlison mi icy the wedding gown of the new Mi the Munday, and( vice versa, and the wc rair diingd were all plainnedl before the dI her vorces were obtained. I; is -. .'lie niocwn t') i'Iece*, me BUFF'A rLo, N. Y., Aug. 23.,.Josep ileir ifissinuger was dIriving alonig (irato I to street this afternoon with a ioati vho ammonia uised for making ice in breM [iss ernes. One of the tanks containing 0LI on. stuff exploded with a 10oud rep~ort, hmr] in- ing Blassinger twenty feet, thirowin, him through the bows or a tree, whuic overhung the streets. Ile caime do w on the opposite sIde of the street. lii M. hands and feet were torn off by the ey nt p lesion in his flight through the trei >ro, Hie was lnstaintly killed. No reason fc his the explosion is known. the _ the Three n)r'w aed. or IIA'r'oN ltouom, L-i., Aug. 23 .-New im- reached the city' this morning of a diu use tressing accident near lBaton lerugu hien which resulted in the (leath of thre per, estimable young lindies, and which ha or cast a gloom over the entire capita la city. TIhe unfortunates were Mb .ng Mary Lee Rtead, Miss lielle Ch.mmber vn. and Miss Elenore Garland. The youn red ladies were bathing in the Amite lItive md when one of their number got b~eyor rhy her depth. She screamed and tihe othi i- two went to her assistance and all thr were (Irnwned. A SERIOUS CHARGE About a Personal Letter Made Aganlst Dr. styrd. COLUMBIA, S. 0., Aug. 2.-A copy of the followinr card addressed to the editor of the Register, was yesterday given to the press for publication. The card is rather sensational in its nature sud makes very racy literature: Columbia, S. 0, August, 24, 1894. To the Editor of the Register: I have noticed your coup d'etat in a recent issue of your paper and your editorial comments thereon, in which you pub lish a personal letter written by me to the Rev. L. ). Bass, on June 27. Mr. lass was at that time a Butler candi date for the State Senate and the let ter, containing, as it did, some sugges tions and information from "Butler headquarters," as you express it, was made much of by you and your politi cal sagacity and activity, as demon strated in securing the letter, was em phasized to commend yourself and your paper to the movement. Now, Mr. Editor, in the first olace it is due Mr. Bass to say that in % letter received from him recently he eas: "I was never more surprised than when I saw the publication of your letter to me of June 27th. I regret it and as sure your that I am innocent of the thing being made public." So much for Mr. Bass. A high and honorable gentleman, by the way, who smarts under even the shadow of inference that he would break conidence in the way indicated in your comments and by the publication of the letter. But here, Mr. Editor, is the part of your great political and sagacious ac tivity, which I want to make public. I am reliably informed that very re cently, Dr. Byrd of Florence county (an ex-legislator from that county) has spoken more than once, on the streets of Florence of having found (?) a let ter written Mr. Bass, and that in is publication he, Dr. Byrd, would make a ten-strike. I am further informed that when the public speaking took place at Timmonsville, in Florence county, that this astute Dr. Byrd asked a number of candidates to his house at that place to dinner. That at the sug gestion of the host the guests took of their coats in the bed room and retired to the sitting room, after dinner to a smoke. Mr. Bass had the letter you have published in his pocket when he went to Dr. Blyrd's house, it was "out of sight" when lie left. r The letter, I am informed and be - lieve, was sent you by Mr. McCall of Florence, and was given him by Dr P lyrd (our hospitable host). In your editorial comments you say: "The let. ter has been sent to us by one of the h most active and vigilant Reformers ir er the eastern part of the State." Allow me to suggest that this "activity and , vigilance" is taking a very dangeroi turn and this very "active and vigi e lant" individual and host may have n been down into Mr. Bass's pockets fo r paper of more commercial value for al l3 we know. Not finding that, lie seems tc Ir have taken everything else in sight and r- let his find of political paper act as the next best thing. You are welcome, Mr. Editor, to all letters gotten at the houses of people from the pockets of their guests, when coats, by invitation, are hung in an ad s joining room and the guests lured e away by a cigar, are out of sight. I have written Bro. Iass to take warn ing himself and to memorize the fol lowing lines and repeat them for tb f protection of his people: - Will you walk into my parlor? said the e spider to the fly. B Well, hardly, said tihe insect, and lie t winked the other eye. You parlor has an entrance, but of an exit it is shy. r So Ill stay on thre outsidle andl remain t a little "fly." r This communication is written on Y tihe supposition that Mr-. Bass and my (1 self are correct in "placing our men." o If we are wrong, let him make an lhon orable disclaimer. All names desiredl will be given on r- application andl the undersigned is per r sonally responsible for every line of C this commurnication. C \Very truly. IS .IOHN U. CA PERSu'. Ii Tilman, HRpeaks.~ CoI1minJA, S. C., Aug. 20.-liy re C quest Gov. Tillman delivered to-night >f an adldress on Mini street to about, three 1i hutndired peo0ple, abui)it hlfll of whom 5 were reformers. lie was well received, thnough at times he received many jeers. lie spoke or the city of Columbia In a caustic way andl ridiculed its manage ,a ment asq being undler the dlomination of a, men who were antagonistic to the a' whole of the rest of ther State. lIe said li e propos'es t~o criticise l'resident (love 3. land as often as lhe violates the D~eino 3. cratic platform which lie had( spit upon. e That Cleveland had betrayed his party is and had baiulked tire D~emocratic sena i. tors rand representatives in Congress in . their (des1re to carry out party pledlges. ,d T1hat Cleveland was in league with the dI powers of thre northeafsterni section of n the country who were Intent upon r- keeping the volume of currency as t. small as plossible. That lie thanked (God )l that he would leave Columbia in a few *3. months, but that his place would be0 le filled by a man who would keep the s. peo(ple dlown) as lhe had triedl to (do, .suggar Iiagging? -NE~W Y'ong, Aug. 21.-Many letters havmng been received by the Cotton E~x change bo0th for aind against th6 urso of sugar bag cloth for bailing cotton, h thre boar d of managers, after a full die Scussion of the matter, have passed thre ffollowing resolution: Rtesolved, That many of tire Inquiries e having been received by the New York -Cotton Exchange as to whether or not C the use of what is known as sugar bag ri cloth in covering cotton is contrary to rn the rules of thre exchange, the secretary s be instructed to adlvise the Southern 'exchanges and others interested in this -matter of the fact that cotton covered r by such bagging constitutes a good de livery under the rules of this exchange, A Narrow Estcape., S M AuDISO N y 10 L , Trex., Aug. 19.---At -Midway in this county Mrs. Lucindil ', Allen was seized with colic. IPhysic in ians and nurses after six hours of at s tention pronounced her dead. She wa! I dressad and placed in her coffin am as jiust as the coitege was about to star s to the grave a neigjhbor asked for r2 i last look at her. Shie (the neighbor' r, thought she disnovered signs of animnu d tion. The su pposed cor pse was take: ur from the collin, placed ini a tub c 10 water and soon revivedl. She thus ei canpd being buried alive THE TEST CASE AT LAST, THE 1893 DISPENSARY LAW TO BE DECIDED ON. The Aiken Cato Agreed On for the Pur pose and the Supreme Court to be Celled in Extra sempin-The PoIntis to be Ar au d Arrerd On. COLUMBIA, S. C , Aug. 23.-The Aik en case is to be the one which will de cide the 1893 dispensary law and which will forever settle the corstitutionality or unconstitutionality of the famous law unless It can be gotten into the United States Supreme Court. The State and the city authorities of Aiken hava made an agreement that this case shall be the test case before the State Supreme Court. The agree ment was made in Aiken on Tuesday whila Assistant Attorney General Bar ber was in that city. Of course everybody will want to know when the case can get before the court. The truth Is that Governor Till man has requested, and Attorney Gen eral Buchanan has joined in the re quest,that Chief Justice McIver call an extra session of the court as soon as possible. The request was sent to the Chief Justice a few days ago and his answer is expected today or tomorrow. If the request is acceded to the extra session will be held the last of this month or the [irat of September. The court will consist of Chief Justice Mc Iver and Associate Justices Pope and Eugene Gary. The case is to go to the court on ex ceptions to the. decision of Judge Al drich and the points to be argued have also been agreed upon. They are ap fol lows: EXCEPTIONS OF TIIE RELATORS. The relators except to and appeal to the Supreme Court of South Carolina from the decree rendered and made herein by his Honor Judge James Al drich on the 18th day of August, 1894, upon the ground that his IHonor erred as follows: 1. In holding that the respondents, a municipal corporation,could set up and plead that the Dispensary Act of 1893 is in violation of sections 1, 2 and 41 of Article 1 of the Constitution of the State of South Carolina. 2. In holding that it is competent for the respondent to set up and plead that the Dispeneary Act of 1891 is in viola tion of the 4rch, 5th and 14th amend ments to and of section 8 of Article 1 of the Constitution of the United States and also in conflict with the inter-State Commerce law. 3. In holding that the Dispensary Act of 1893 is an amendment of the Dis pensary Act of 1892 and unconstitu tional. 4. In holding that the said Act con stitutes a monopoly in the sale of in toxicating liquors and is therefore void; whereas he should have heid that the exclusive sale by agents of the State Is a proper police regulation regularly passed by the Legislature in itr wisdom in furtherance of its judgment that such a measure was a necessary re quirement for the regulation of the liquor traflic, to protect the health,mor als and welfare of the people; and that the execlusi ve control by the State of such a recognized subject of police su pervision is constitutional and valid. 5. In holding that the said Act is unconstitutional in providing for the exclusive sale by agents of the State and forbidding all other persons;where as he should have held that said Act providing for such sale exclusively by agents of the State Is a constitutional exercise of the police power of the State over a recognized subject matter of police supervision. 0. In not holding that the Dispensary Act of 1893 is a valid law and in no wise violates the Constitution of the U~nitedi States or that of the State of South Carollna. OSMUND W. BUIJOJANAN. Attorney General, for Relators appel lant. EXCEPVTIONS OFd RIESPONDENTS. The following are the exceptions of the respondenta:. I. Because it is respectfully submit ted that the relators herein had ample remedy at law for the correction of any grievance of which they complain, and therefore they were not entitled t's the writ of prohibition and his lionor the Circuit ,J udge erred in not so deciding. 2. Because the said Act of the Gene ral Assembly of' this State violates sec tionm 8 of Article 1 of the Constitution of the United States and also violates the Act of the Congress of the United States regulating commerce between the States andi is therefore null and void. 3. liecause the said Act of the Gen eral Assembly of this State violates the 4th, 5th and 14th amendments of the Constitution of the United States and is therefore null and void. 4. Because it is respectfully submit. ted that the ordinance of the city of Aiken reforred to in the return herein is authorized by section 1787 of the General Statutes of this State; that the same is lawful and of binding force within the corporate limits of the city of Aiken and his IHonor, the Circuit .Judge, erred in not so deciding.. 5. That his Ihonor erred in granting the writ of prohibition and deciding that the respondents should pay the costs of thei proceedings herein. -G. WV. CROFT, M. B. WOOD'wAnDo Attorneys for Rlespondents. TIIE AGREEMENT. We agree that the foregoing shall constitute the "case" upon which this cause shall be heard in the Supreme Court of South Carolina and that a copy thereof shall be used in lieu of a return in the ofice of the clerk of said court. 0. W. BUOIIANAN, Attorney General for Relators. G. W. CROFT, M.BI. WOoDwAUD, Attorneys forIlespondenits. A HOrrIe WInd, L'ITTanUnoC, Pa., Aug. 21.-Thomas, Hlarris of Esplenborough returned to. day from Mount Cleanens where he had been for his health. ie found his home closed and after considerable trouble broke in. ie found the dead and de composed body of his wife on the bed, I and by her side slept their two children taged 2 and 4 years respectively. The woman died last Thursday tromn hem , orrhages and the bed was saturated -with blood.- The neighbors supposed t that the family was away. The chill f dlrenare in a precarious condition~ frank -lack of food and breathing the contante. inated atmonnharevs ng.