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The Sumter watchman. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1855-1881, August 24, 1870, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026917/1870-08-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 24, 1870.
The Blunter Watchman
(ESTABLISHED IN 1890.)
it rviiiiiio
VBB? WBONWIAT HORNING
AT SUMTER. B. C., BT
GILBERT & FLOWERS.
Terms.
0 no ysar.<"....$8 00
Six mooth!. 1 *0
Tb reo mon tb g. 1 00
ADVERTIS KM KN TH lnierted at th? rat*
of ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS per
square for the first, ONE DOLLAR for the
second, and FIFTY CENTS for efcoh subsequent
iusertion, for any period less than three months
OBITUARIES, TRIBUTES OF RESPECT
and all eomuunieatlons which subserve private
ntoreets, will be paid (or as advertisements.
J. E. SUARES,
SUMTER FURNITURE
-,-AND
Chair Ware-Room.s
HAS ON HAND A LARGE STOCK OF "FUR?
NITURE, for tess than oan be obtained in any
Southorn market, earing both freight and risk of
broakago by Railroad. With ezperlenoe in this
branoh of business in tho City of Charleston, for
twenty-five years, and having the advantages of
tho boat Manufacturer^ he is offering first olass
work of which o very article sold is warranted,
fho stock consists of ? *
Sofas, Sido Boards, Rook Oeses, Wardrobes'
Washstands, Bureaus, Cottage Setts, Whatnots
Extonslon Tables
Mahogany, Cane and Wood Seat Rooking Chairs
Mahogany, Cane and Wood Seat Setting Chairs
Cribs, Cradles
Trundlo Bodsteads and Cottogo Bedsteads
Every style Looking Classes and Mattresses.
FIVE HUNDRED PAIR WINDOW SHADES
list received, together with a lot of WALL PA?
PER AND BORDERING.
Main Street, opposite Exprese Office,
UP STAIRS.
J. E. Suares,
Fob 23-tf_
NO. 3
GROCERIES.
THE ONLY STRICTLY
Grocery and Liquor House |
IN TOWN
TJIK UNDERSIGNED,bogs leave lol
call tho attention of his frionds and the |
public generally to his
NEW AND WELL SELECTED
STOCK OF
Heavy and Fancy Groceries
Which ho offers lew for CASH ON LT.
^r?. All articles warranted as rooommonded |
Ttl- Puro Mod.'clnul Liquors kept constantly
on baud.
J. U. EBERHART.
April 13 tf
MARBLE YARD
THE undersigned would most respectfully
nnnounco to the people of Sumter and sur?
rounding country has ho huve just roceived a|
SPLENDID LOT QF
TVE arble.
anil is now prepared to receive and oxocuto or?
ders of all kinds in his lino, with nearness and
dispatch.
IIION RAILING FURNISHED TO ORDER.
W. P. S M I T Hf
SUMTER, S. C.
Nvo- 17_t
Ce T. MASON.
WATCH MAKER
AND
TEWEHsEFl
SUMTER, S. C.
Has just recoived and keeps always os band j
New and Beautiful Styles of
JEWELRY, FYEGLASSES, &C.
WATCHES, CLOCKS and JEWELRY RE
PAIRED WITH DISPATCH.
March 31
O. F. HOYT.
SUCCESSOR TO
I HOYT, & SUMTER,
so. CA.
"^7"0ULD respectfully inform his friends
and tho public of Sumter, and adjoining eonntlos, j
that ha has rocently recoived a choleo selec?
tion of
LADIES' AND GENTLEMANS'
'\7S7' eft O ix os,
JEWELRY, SILVERWARE,
SPECTACLES, &c, &c,
His stook'embraoes all ?tho latest stylos, and
will bo sold at reasonablo rates.
Sept 29
ROBERT BROUN,
Architect, County Surveyor,
-AND
Mechanical Engineer.
WILL ATTEND TO ANY BUSINESS EN?
trusted to bim with acenraoy end desnatob.
Refers to F0E8 OR FRIENDS.
Address, Manchester
June 29--3m_
LOTH AIR, LUCK OF ROARING CAMP,
Curiosities-of Literature,
Old Curiosity Shop,
Piokwiok Papors,
and all tho late publications of the day to be had
at publisher's prices,
At TUE SUMTER BOOK STORE.
July 27
vms A H tv? FOLICY.
The Louisville Courier Journal is
dealing some valiant blows just now for
the right, a ad if the great national
Democraticand Conservative party ii
not victorious fill over the country iu
November.it may bo attributed to the
failure o?'Southern.-.' impraotioables to
foliow tho.wise councils of the Cotirier
Journal,-abd>b?>er newspapers of simi?
lar tone. The-Courier Journal has boon
taken to toik by the Mobile Register,
the leader of the Alabama Barbons, and
cornea baok upon it in ' this unanswera?
ble manner :
The Register talks a good deal about
"prinoiple" and "truth" ?nd "? .white
man's party."^ Whwt docs it ?can,
nothing?;If it^ans .som ?jthing, what
is that something '?-if' it'.m.oans no thing,
why the agitation whioh it deprecates ?
?ho editor*of thVRegis ter, who ought
to know wh at he is"nbout, must lay aside
his generalities and emotions and tell
us plainly and preoieely what he does*
really moan, and to'simplity tho. matten
and help him along with Jfrs answer,~we
will put tho following questions, vii:
1st. Do you propose' to organize "a
white man's party," for the express pur
poso of repealing or otherwise setting
aside the Fifteenth Amendment, oom*
Jelling its entiro policy, as well as its
iindamental purpose to look solely to
that result ?
2d. In the event of success in repell?
ing the Fifteenth Amendment, disfran?
chising the half million voters created
under it, and obtaining possession of the
General Government, do you proposo "to
ropeal the Thirteenth Amendment and
to remand tho negroes back to a state of
slavery?
3rd. In either event, what do you
expeot to seoure by the intermediate
agitation, the excitement incident to
the arraying of class against class and
race against raoe, with tho consequent
division of public sentiment and the
certain action of the Federal Governs
ment ?
You say that if tho press would but
stand firm but for six months, we should
"sweep radicalism from the face of thc
land." Stand firm for what, and against
what ? Stand firm for the repeal of the
Fifteenth Amendment nnd against the
validity of its ratification ? Did the press
not stand firm against it up to the hour
when it was declared a part of the Con?
stitution of the United States ? lias it
not stood firm against all tho radical
measures of reconstruct ion for five years,
and is it not still standing firm against
each of the radical measures that np.
poars ? Has this prevented the practical
realization of negro suffrage ? Whatever
may be its legal source, ?3 it not an ac?
tual fact put upon us in spite of our
firmest opposition ? And who is to set
it asido ? How aro you going to secuto
its overthrow ? By Congross, or by thc
Supreme Court, or by revolution ? Il by
Congress, when ? There is no likelihood
of changing the present complexion of
the Senate for six years. By the Su?
premo Court? Well, when? Is that
tribune not hopelessly Republican for
ut least a dozen years ? Como, give us
your plan ; what it rests on ; what are
its hopes and expectations ; how you
expect to carry it out, and all about it*
You claim to bo a Democratic organ,
and yet you seem to hold tho Democrat?
ic organization rather lightly, as light?
ly, if it does not square itself by your
foot rule, "as a pipeful of, Kentucky
tobacco." Is there no question then in
this country, but the negro question ?
Is there nothing else to fight for? Arc
we gotten so poor off for. issues that wc
must break up the great National Dem?
oeratio organization in order to form a
"White Mao's party," with ono lonely
and addled idea, rattling Uko a rotter
egg in a foul nest until it bursts its sholl
and stalks forth onco moro a full fledged
demon of war, arraying blacks against
the whites, and the whites against tht
blacks, and convulsing our whole social
and industrial system in its incessant
and endless moil ? Is this our duty tc
"truth ?" Is this the cardinal "princb
pie" which should underlie and direol
tho movements of the party of tho futur?
I searing its mission of peace with blood
and turning all its noble purposes o
natural freedom and rest into miscrabh
Dead Sea fruit?
The groat national Democratic organ
nization, as represented through th?
ablest of its leaders and tho most influ
ential of its journals, presents a mon
cheerful, a moro wholesome, a faire
prospeot for the allurement and tho ec
oouragement of the American people
It holds out a hand of peace to all men
lt urges tho abandonment of all mino
differences. It proposes to deal witl
present facts and to ignore, as far a
may be, disturbing antecedents an
warlike possibilities. There must bo
lino somewhere. The peoplo of th
North havo decided, in spite of ever
effort of ours, that the blacks shall hav
tho ballot, and with it bo loft to tak
care of themselves.
This is the doliberato judgment c
tho majority of the Northern peoplo wh
ohoso between the .bayonet and th
ballot, in favor of the latter, as a moac
of protecting the negroes whom the;
had liberated. Thoy regard this as th
rational terminns of emancipation, J
few extremist? want to go further ; an
a few impracticables proposes to rip ?
asunder ai soon as they oan withou
explaining ?ny national method b
whioh it ie to bo done. The practia
Democratic leaders accept the icsucs t
made up, and, as they were not respon
fliblc for making it, as it was done 1
opposition to them, and os in any even
thoy soo no way of getting rid of it, thc
mean to mako the best they oan of i
and, by scouring quiet to the South an
turning to other and more needft
topics of discussion, ,to obtain the
support and confidence of the people
and so to restore the Government to ito
purity.
The polioy lo? tho Register would
defeat thia * purpose. Its only effeot
would he to ktep up at the South an
agitation whioh ia alike hurtful to
Southern industry and to the Demo
oratio party. Uenoo ito articles are
quoted as Radical campaign material
and hence our assertion that as long as
it makes votes against us instead of for
us, and is in direct antagonism to the
great Demooratio newspapers of the
country, it eau not legitimately olaim
to be more than organizer of a new party
with a new name outside of the organ?
ization whioh we recognize as Demo?
oratio and National.
In its issue of Monday last, the Cou?
rier Journal follows this by an able
editorial, in whioh it declares :
The negro has been made a freeman,
a citizen, and a voter, all in apite of our
bravest and most defiant opposition. So
far a serious political revolution, brought
about in an incredible short space of
time, has been ^accomplished. No one
proposes to remand the blacks to a state
of slavery ; and we think we have made
it plain that the repeal of the Fifteenth
Amendment is as impracticable os the
repeal of tho Thirteenth. The slave is
a free man. The free man is a oitizen..
The eitir.cn is a voter. These are facts
whioh oannot be denied, and which will
not be got rid of short of a revolution,
hardly less long and bloody, and perhaps
longer and bloodier, than that to whioh
each in detail owes its existence. Tho
issue before the eountry is not the
repeal of the Fifteenth Amendment any
more than the repeal of the Thirteenth
Amendment. The issue before tho
country, but subjeot to the aotion of an
already existing Congress, is Mr. Sum?
ner's bill equalizing by law the social
intercourse as well as the political
relations of all sorts and conditions of
men.
We propose therefore to put ourselvos
on a peace footing, not upon a war
footing. In those of tho Southern
States whioh have been suffered to
resume the control of their own affairs,
tho negro has not proven himself a
dangerous politioal clement. In Mary,
land, Koutucky, Virginia and Tennessee
he is not seriously felt as a pressure
on the ballot box. We ore so strong
in all these States, and trill bo equally
strong in evory otbor which may bo
once rid of Federal inter moddliug, that
wo can afford to ignore thc negro as a
contending forco. Lot us cease to
disturb ourselves about a threatened
supremacy toward whioh ho contributes
nothing, and consider him as an indus?
trial agent, holding an intimate and
practical relation toward our household?
and our farms. Let us allay public
feeling ngainst him. Lot us give him
ever; civil right which can add to his
bodily comfort and omjoyment, to his
peace of mind, and, to his
future prospects. Let us pr?vido him
instruction, and educate and elevate
him, trusting to tho good effects of
good works and kind offices, to the
improvement whioh comes from instruc?
tion, to tho blessed inlluenco of peace,
and to thu mercy aud the wisdom of
that God who is the Founder and tho
Architcofc of government, aud the
Father and Proteotor of hu pcoplo.
Then when bold innovation upon the
instincts of human nature (howover per?
verted) and distruotive of society (how?
ever artifioial,) aro put forward by vision?
ary interpreters of the rights of man, we
shall be able to appeal to the practical
common souse of the intelligence of
tho Country, whioh rules it after all,
und say to it, "You can point ta noth?
ing which cither justifies your haste or
your violence," and thus, by tho free
agency of mind over muscio, and sense
over sinow, and a Christian statesman?
ship over a brutal, warliko spirit ot
mere destructiveness, be able not only
to "sweep radicalism from tho faco of
tho land," but also to preserve both law
and order, and to protect those scattered
homes of widows and orphans, which no
less than tho myriads of silent and
unmarkod graves, everywhere appeal
to us in behalf of tho poor and stvug
gling, and defenseless women and chil?
dren of thc Confederate dead.
Tho man who says that this good
counsel is treason to tho Democratic
party; proclaims himself a traitor to all
that is holy in tho past and hopeful in
; the futuro..
- Thc Sohonectady Star is puzzling
itself over tho conundrum, why girls
can dross as lightly as they do and still
keop warm, and relatos the following
startling experience : "Wo onoo rodo
with a girl m an open cutter, fifteen
miles, on ono of the coldest nights in
wintor, and while wo sat frozon nigh as
stiff as a stake, our teeth chattering
Uko castinots, she kept up an animated
conversation, overy now and thon ex?
claiming: "Oh, isn't this delightful!
Don't you oojoy it-?" Whon wo
arrived at our destination, notwithstand?
ing wo were dressed a groat deal warmer
than our fair companion, sho had to lift
us out of tho cutter and conduct us to
the tropical atmosphcro of thc kitchen
of a farm house. On tho return trip wo
wero frozen to death and sho drove tho
corps? bomo. It must bo that girls are
tougher than we men people."
? ea???
- The French aro in the habit of
imparting an artifioial flavor and fra?
grance to apples and pears by the
following process : The fruit is plucked
before being quite ripo, and" is pricked
all over with a fine needle; after whioh
it is placed in a vessel with essence of
any kind desired. Tho exhalations of
the latter aro absorbed in a few seconds
by the fruit, and tho operation is rc-?
poatod several times until tho fruit is
ripe, when it will bo found to havo ao
' quired the desired taste.
WAR TOPICS.
[From tho Continental Correspondence of tho
. English Newspaper!.]
Tate German Conscription.
When I arrived early this morning
at Oberlahsteio, that station was com?
pletely blooked up, and the large plat?
form before it, viewed from my carriage
window, was a curious and painful sight,
its length, breadth and depth being
densely thronged with a living mass of
true Prussian blue humanity. AU the
male peasants cf the old Nassau territory
wear azure blouses, and all the females
blue cotton gowns, more or less thick?
ly constellated with white spots ; and
as there must have been at least a thou?
sand of both sexes, closely wedged to?
gether io expectation of the train.that
was to bear off the fighting half of the
assembly from its lamenting moiety,
things looked very blue indeed at
Lahnsteio. There were tho poor,
square faoed sun burnt fellows, trying
with a ghastly gayety to vindioate their
manhood by roaring out staves of patri?
otic songs, each couplet supplemented
by a ohorous of sobs from the women
and girls clinging around thom. So few
minutes left, and so much to say beforo
the parting that may be the last on
earth ! So fow minutes, indeed 1 for,
ore wo started in the direotion of May*
once, the train bound for Coblontz
glided swiftly into tho station, already
half full of "mobilized" men, who, hav?
ing got over their partings, had rallied
their spirits, and wore ohecring, singing
and waving their handkerchiefs as
heartily as it' their goal wore not a
battle field, but a wedding. Fino fellows,
these, in physique and vwral-broad
uhouldered, (sturdy, bronzed youths,
ranging, I should think, irom twonty to
thirty years of ago, and most of thom
already provided with some outward and
visible sign of their military calling.
As soon as their train stopped, the
poor folks in the station bogan to kiss
and embrace one another almost des?
perately; and I wish never to hear
again a sound like that which roached
mo from that platform. It was all over
in a minute ; tho men got away, some?
how-I doro say they scarcely themselves
knew how-from mothers, wives, sweet?
hearts and sisters, who were all thrust
back to thc inner part of tho station ;
then a haif a dozen smart non-com*
missioned officers, ono or two of whom
quito simply put their coat.slceves up
to their eyes as they stepped forward,
carno to tho front and told the draft off
into tho carriages ; then the miserable
women mudo a rush to the steps of tho
carriages, and-but I think I would
rather not say anything more about the
closing of this tragical t-ccnc, if you
please. Thank Heaven ! our train moved
out of tho station before it was over
and I. do not think there were many dry
eyes amongst tho homeward bound
tourists and invalids of whom our freight
consisted.
All Germany Depopulated for tho TVnr.
Tho Prussian system is, as you know,
unspairing of persons. Let me give you
an instance, out of thc many that hare
como under my notice, of the grim im?
partially with which it lays hold of
every class. Many of your readers will
remember thc tall, good looking and
courteous proprietor of tho Hotel du
Nord, iu Cologue-a prosperous, wealthy
man, quite a personage in Rhineland,
an excellent linguist, aud tho head of a
largo commercial enterprise, which he
has hitherto successfully managed in
person. On Saturday last he consigned
eight of his best carriage horses to the
array service ; and on Monday ho him?
self was drafted into a cuirassier regi?
ment. Here is a man taken away from
tho conduct of his own interests and
from his family, compelled to sacrifice
his substance, and to risk his lifo on
tho battle ficid. Of course his case is
not one whit moro dcplorablo than that
of the humblest peasant, snatched from
his field or his vineyard ; both jeopardize
j their existence for the Fatherland ; but
tho former, outside that grand equaliz?
ing slake, suffers actually a greater
material loss than tho latter, even taking
into account their rotativo positions. In
tho towns many of tho shops arc bcit.g
shut up ; for their ocoupants are obliged
to assume necdlo?gun and helmet, and
thoro is nobody to keep tho business
going. Tho hotels aro becoming forlorn
of waiters-a deprivation that is mitiga?
ted in its severity by tho fact that but
fow guests aro lett to rcquiro tho minis?
t ration of those obliging polyglottists.
Tho exodus of foreigners from Germany
during tho past week has been some?
thing astonishing. Having occasion to
go over to Hamburg this ovening, I
found that essentially British settlement
in tho way of becoming a howling
wilderness. A week ago, so the last of
the Mohicans informed mc, you could
hardly struggle through tho crowd on
the lower tcrraoos during music lime ;
tho glass gallery was in a chronic state
of "Moro chairs," and tho play-tables
unapproachable under an hour's elbow,
ing. Now, tho "gay and glittering
throng" is composed of about half-a
dozen faithful Russians, ns many En?
glish, three or four tenacious Americans,
and a hundred or two of the miserable
natives, making hollow pretenco of en?
joying themselves, and risking a double
florin twico a day to "keep up appear?
ances." Thc glory of Hamburg-on tho
Heights has departed, scarcely to return
this year.
Kins William In Berlin.
In an-hour orso we woro in Borlin,
and emerged into streets filled with mon
in plain olothes proceeding in some sort
of military ordor, with small esoorts of
soldiery, to the railway station. Many
of these wore dooorations-medals, rib?
bons and crosses-which spoko of service
in Schleswig Holstein ana in liobomia.
'1 hey were sober, orderly men-quiet,
anozcited, and perhaps all tho moro
anxious to fight hard to end tho cam?
paign, because they had boen eallcd
away ao suddenly from hearth and home
-men mostly of 25 and upwards,
several in eaoh band belonging ap
Esr en t ly to the well-to* do bourgeoise, or
etter olass of artisans. Large cavalcades
of horses, in better spirits, were led off
in fours in the samo direction. Detach?
ments of troops were passing all day,
down the Lime tree-walk, and at 2
o'olook the King drove through the
streets to tho station in a Russian
drosky, and was received with unoovered
heads and a bussing sort of suppressed
oheer as he passed. He "looked every
inoh a King," plumed and helmeted in
strictest soldier tunio-a real monaroh
of the days when kings led subjeots to
battle. What a fine old head and front
it is. The stamp of imperator is there
already, and it would not surprise ono
very muoh to learn that in an hour of
of stress that old man, with his piercing
blue eye and open brow, and fine lip
curved under his massave white mou?
stache, would out the Cordian knot of a
Constitution with a swift, sure sword.
Certainly he is not the sort of man one
would like to worry coram populo in a
watering placo. And then ha has a
faith ; "he believes" and he is sure that
He in whom he believes has placed his
oause beyond the reach of human harm.
[From tho London Telegraph.]
WHAT A FRENCH SOLDIEH CAR
BUBS*
Tho whole of the Imperial Quard has
now left Paris. The last regiment that
left-the Fourth Voltigeurs-were
marched up to La Villette this afternoon.
The weather was intonsoly hot ; tho sun
converted the long avenuos to whioh
King Haussmann has given his name
into a perfect oven, and the maroh must
have proved very trying. Nevertheless
tho men were picked men, very differ-,
cnt trom some of tbe line battalions
whioh weat off last week, and carried
cheerfully and with an elastic step the
enormous load with whioh they wero
la len. When will generals and men in
authority take the advice given so many
years ago by Lamoriclere, more lately
by Trochu, and acted on, I bel'OVO, by
Havelock in India, and "Stonewall"
Jackson in the American war ? This ad?
vice, which is founded on experience of
real warfare, was to the effect that to
retain his efficiency as a fighting man
tho infautry soldier's "impediments"
should be reduced to a minimum, and
that the weight he has to carry should
bo reduced by two thirds at tbo vory
least. Marshal Niel did his very best to
effect this by organizing a regimental
train consisting of one horse two-wheeled
wagons, four of which wore to be attach?
ed to eaoh company. Dut he died before
the organization of this "regimental"
traiu could bc completed, and the num?
ber of these carts id so insignificant that
only the Imperial Guard has had about
a dozen distriouted to each regiment,
and they are used for tho purpose of
carrying sparo ammunition only. The
result is, that though tho foot soldier
has a much lighter weapon in the Chas*
scpot than in tho old muzzle loader, ho
still has to carry on bis back and should
dora a weight of about seventy pounds
Fronch, that is, upwards of one third of
tho regulation weight carried by a sum?
ter mule ; one of these Votigeurs, whom
I treated to a glass of beer, supplied me
with details of his "pack." First, there
is tho Chassepot, seven and a half
pounds ; the sword, bayonet, and scab?
bard, throe pounds ; ten pounds of am?
munition, distributed partly in two
pouohes and partly in his knapsack ; a
pair of shoes; a four pound loaf of bread,
a canvass bag slung over the left shoul?
der, and containing any creature com?
forts the man may have procured ; it
was jtnpty in many cases, but ray friend
carried in it a pound of tobacco, somo
cigars, a flask of brandy, a good sized
veal and ham pie, and a string of c?r?
velas a l'ail. Over the knapsack-first
a great coat; secondly, a blanket; thirdly
his share of the canvass for tho tente
d'abri, aud sticks for the samo ; aud
fourthly, a huge camp kottlo. Inside
the knapsack he had a second pair of
trowscrs, combs brushes, needles, thread
buttons, a pair of gloves, a couple ot
pairs of socks, and three shirts ; in ad?
dition, a flask capable of containing
about a quart of liquid is flung ovor tho
right shoulder. A long march with
such a weight must incapacitate all but
tho very strongest men ; and it is only
too easy to understand how it happ ens
that knapsacks and impediments aro
invaribly dropped the moment the first
shot is fired. In the French army tho
practice is generally to order tho men
to lay down their knapsack's on going
into action, but tho stamina of tho men
has been tried to tho uttermost before
they get up to the front, by tbe carrying
of such monstrous loads. Picked men
may stand it, but it is sufficient to look
at an average regiment of the lino altor
a few milos' marching to form an opin?
ion of this vicious system of overloading
for tho maintainnuco of whioh that stur?
dy old veteran, "Qcnoral Routiuo," is
alone to blaine.
- There is more poison in ono pack?
age of tobacco than in the tin foil that
.surrounds a hundred. If anybody
doubts this, let him hold a sheet of
white paper over the smoke that curls
up from .tho burning tobacco, and after a
pipeful or a cigar has boen consumed,
scrape the condensed smoke from the
paper and put a very small amount on
thc tongue of a cat, and he will seo her
die of "8troke8 of paralysis" in fifteen
minutes.
A little theft, a small deceit,
Too often leads to moro;
'Tis hard at first, but tempts the feet
As through an open door.
Just as tho br adest rivers run
From numil and dlttant springs,
The greatest crimes that men have done,
Have grown from little things.
DBWAItbf
ABOUT SETTING BBNS.
Every year thousands of egge ere lost
bocauae hens ?re given more to hatch
than they can properly cover and keep
warm. The number of egg? to' a tot*
ting should be proportioned to the sise
of the hen which ie te eover them. Ao
English exohango, Land and Waler,
gires some sensible suggestions on these
points. It say? :
"The state of the weather should also
be a guido ; for a hen capable of setting
upon and hatohing thirteen eggs in J une,
it would not be safe to give her more
than ten in January. The great error
of setting a hen upon more eggs than
she oan cover is a cause of general dis?
appointment. We have frequently seen
small cross bred game hens set upon
thirteen eggs when it has bean perfect
ly olear it was not possible for them all
to receive a proper and equal share of
heat from her body, and it is absolutely
certain that a hen cannot hatch out
chickens from those eggs which sho
cannot draw close up to her body. This
hau been very clearly demonstrated to
us, for upon one occasion we plaoed
fifteen eggs under a hen, not safe at any
season to have given more than twelvo,
or, at the most, thirteen eggs, and while
out at feeding tiree, we examined tho
nest and found only thirteen eggs left.
We at first thought she might nave eat?
en them, but after one or two examina?
tions, wo found sometimes thirteen and
at other times fourteen eggs present; so
we determined upon catching the hen
one morning while off to feed, after fin?
ding there wore only thirteen eggs in
the nest. We cautiously laid hold of
tho hen, when she unfortunately drop?
ped one egg and broke it j upon exami?
ning her, we found the other missing
egg under her wing. We replaced the
eggs in the nest, and we found she regu?
larly removed one or two of the eggs ;
thus it was apparent that she had more
eggs under her than the surfaoe of her
body could possible cover by contact.
This marvelous power provod the ex?
istence of two wise laws-the first being
the beautiful prinoiple we term instinot;
the second the ardent desire they have
for carrying out to the fullest extent the
remarkable operation we understand as
incubation.
"It is quite unnecessary to remind
our readers further upon the necessity
of giving the setting hen rather a limi*
ted than too great a number of eggs.
Thus, it may probably occur that a
small half-bred hen may be your ohoioe
for a natural incubator; if so, nine of
her own eggs should be the extent. If
a Dorking or a large seized mongrel hen
bo seleoted, eleven are sufficient. A
Coohin hen of som? of the strains we
havo aeon will even cover fifteen ef her
own, or similar siced eggs; but even in
this instance, it is best to err on the
Bato sido, and give her but thirteen eggs.
Coohins and Brahmas have a large
width of breast and a large amount of
fluff and feather, both leatures being
highly conducive to successful hatohing
by assisting to retain tho heat of the
body of tho birds and the eggs also.
"There are some hens over anxious
about tho ohicks within the shells,
whoso cry for deliverance they can dis ?
tinctly hear, and do not rise from off
tho eggs during the prooessof chipping.
This is an operation we have continual?
ly observed with hens that aro very
successful in hatching; which set too
closely at the last Stages, aro those whoso
oxoess of kindness has just produced
the non or limited success in hatching
out good broods. The only good aris?
ing from any sprinkling of thc eggs
occurs from the faot of their having re?
ceived an increased and life saving sup?
ply of fresh air during such proooss,
which in many instanocs would other
wiso havo ended in tho chicks eithor
being suffocated or glued to tho shell."
SLIiBP AND DEATH.
FROM THE GERMAN.
Tho Angel of Slumber and tho Angel
of Death, fraternally locked in each
other's arms, wandere i over tho earth.
It was evening : they reclined upon a
hillside, and the habitations of men were
not far off: a sad stillness pervaded the
air, and tho evening bell of the village
was hus cd. Still and silent, as is their
manner, tho two benefioont genii of
mankind reposod in a mournful embrace,
and night came rapidly on.
Then the Angel of Slumber rosp from
his mossy couch, aud softly scattered
from his hand the invisible slumber
seeds. Tho wind of night wafted them
to the quiet dwellings of tho wearied
husbandmen, and forthwith sweet sleep
descended upon the inhabitants of tho
cottages, from tho grayhairod siro to the
oradled infant. The sick man forgot
his pains ; tho unhappy his sorrows ; thc
poor his cures : ovory eye waa dosed.
And now, his benign labors being
ended, the kind Angol of Slumber again
lay down by the eido of his thoughtful
brother, ami said oheerlully :
"When tho red morning awakes,
then will mankind bless mc as their
friend and benefactor. Oh, how sweet
it is to do good unseen and in secret !
how delightful is our duty !"
Thus spake tho friendly Angel of
Slumber. Tuc Angel of Death looked
upon him with silent sorrow, and a tear,
such as immortals shed, gathered in his
large dark eye.
"Alas 1" said he, "that I cannot, like
thyself, rejoice in their gratitude : tho
earth calls me her encmv and tho dis?
turber of fior peace."
"My brother !" replied tho Angel of
Slumber, "will not the good whoo they
awaken own theo os their friend aud
benefactor, and will they not blcsa theo ?
Are we not brothers and messengers of
our father ?"
Thus he spako. Tho eye of the
Angol of Doath sparkled, and he Clasped
his brother more loudly in his embrace.
TWO SITIES OF A STOmV.
"What's tlie matter ?" said OrowJer to
the blaok ott, M ahe Mt mumping on
the atop? of the kitchen door*
"Metter enough/' said the eat, turn?
ing her head another way. "Our cook
is very fond of talking of hanging me.
I wish heartily some one would hang
ber."
"Why, what M the matter?" repeated
Growler.
"Hasn't she beaten me, and called me
a thief, and threatened to be the death
of me ?"
"Dear, dear !" said Growler. "Pray
what has brought it about ?"
"Oh 1 the merest trifle, absolutely
nothing ; it ia her temper. All the
servants complain of it. I wonder they
haven't hanged her long ago."
"Well, you see," said Growler,
"oooka are awkward things to hang ; you
and I might be managed muoh moro
easily."
"Not a drop of milk have I had this
day," said the black oat ; "and such . a
pain in my side I"
"But what," aaid Growler-"what
immediato oause ?"
"Haven't I told you ?" aaid the black
cat petidhly ; "it's nor temper- what I
have to suffer from it ! Every thing she
breaks she lays to me. Suoh justice !
it is unbearable !"
Growler was quite indignant ; but
being of a reflective turn, after the first
gust of wrath had passed, he asked : "But
was there no particular oause this morn?
ing ?"
"She chose to bo very angry booause
I-I offended her," sain the cat.
"How, many I ask ?" gently inquired
Growler.
"Oh ! nothiug worth telling-a mere
mistake of mino.
Growler looked at her with auch a
questioning expression, that she was
compelled to say : "I took tho wrong
thing for my breakfast."
"Oh !" said Growler mnoh enligh?
tened.
"AVhy, the fact was," s.id the blaok
oat, "I was springing at a mouse, and I
knooked down a dish ; and not knowing
exactly what it was, I smelt it, and just
tasted it, and it was rather nice, and
>>
' You finished it ?" suggested Growl?
er.
"Well, I should, I believe, if that
cook hadn't come in. As it was I left
the head."
"The head of what ?" said Growler.
"How inquisitive you are !" said the
black oat.
"Nay, but I ahould like to know," said
Growler.
"Well, then, of some grand fish that
was meant for dinner."
"Thon," said Growler, "say what you
please : but now I've beard both sides
of the story, I only wonder ahe didn't
hang you."
Little reader, are you over like the
black cat ?
SPARE RIINU'JMC P1PBBS
DROPPED OUT.
Any one endowed with ordinary
sensitiveness of naturo will be quite
sure to experience a sentiment of melan?
choly when, after a long absence, he
revisits the scenes amid whioh his child?
hood and youth were passed. Indeed,
there is something almost painful about
it. During all the years since he step?
ped, with tho con Ode nt ignorance of
youth, from tho narrow door of home
into the wide world outside, he has borne
with him a lively image of all things
as he left them, without being conscious
of the great ohanges which wcro taking
placo in himself. When, therefore,
with a warm yearning nt his heart, ho
returns, and would fain lit himself into
his old plaoo, he finds cither that it is
filled by anothoror that he has outgrown
it. He is at onco niadu aware of tho
changes which have occurred within and
without, and-to feel that nothing can
again be as it used. II? can never
a^ain- become a part of tho little world
whose daily goings on once touched him
so nearly. Ho can only observe coldly
as a spectator thc oourso of tho little
drama of life in which he was once so
intense an actor. The play is thc same,
the character? tho same, but a now gen?
eration crowds tho stage, and lid is not
at all missed.
The careless school boy who succeeded,
to your desk has erased your initials
from it to carve his own there,blending
with them haply those of tho fuir girl
opposite, who sits now in the seat where
sat ono in the old time, the least rustle
of whose muslin frock thrilled your
pulso with a joy it will never know again
in this world. The same whispers of
love fall freshly from young lips, io the
shadows of) the samo doorways, and
along the moonlight bloom of tho scent*
ed lane ; but where are the lips whioh
made loving answer* to your loving
vows in the old, golden days ?
lie who exiles himself Irom tho homo
of his childhood oan only return with
the sadness of an exile There is no
wuiting in>r delay with naturo. Once
ho loses his place in tho ceaseless round
of local life, it c?mplelas and rcpoats
itself without him.
"Two children In two neighbor village*
Playing mad prank? olong the honthv leas;
Two strangers meeting at a festival ;
Two lovers whispering hv an orchard-wall ;
Two lives bound fast in one with golden oase ;
Two graves grass green beside a gray church
tower,
'.Vashod with still rains and dais y-blossnmod ;
Tw? children In one hamlet born and bred :
So runs tho round of life from hour to hoar."
- Sickness is olten the want of will,
or rather tho result of that want. Men
and women in whom the will power is
strong, resist desease, and fight against
it wheu attacked. Courage and a deter?
mined purpose will oftimes prevent the
approach of illness Tho mind, tho im
agination, is wonderfully powerful to
affect the body. lu times of prevailing
sickness it is well to boar these truths
in mind.
[EVERT DESCRIPTION
PROMPTLY KXRC?TID AT TH*
OFFIOl Ot r i
|The Sumter Watchman,
-tS TEE --
IHiglkest Style of the Art.
L8p*?ul Dlajwtcfc to th? Coartar.?
? ?EBAT SUCCESS.
REFORM MEKTINO IN COLUMBIA.
COLUMBIA, August 10,
Tho meeting of the Union Reform,
party to day wat a great auooesa. Nearly.
three thousand persons,blaek and while,
representativo men from all sootions of
the country, were present. Everything
passed off quietly, and no dint urban oo
oceurred.
General Butler did not speak, kio
was absent In consequence of an acci?
dent at Edgefield.
Gol. MoMaster, Chairman of the meet?
ing, in?, oduced Judge Carpenter, who
made a very eloquent and impressive;
speech two hours in length. Me waa
frequently interrupted and interrogated
by members of the King, but he answer?
ed every thing satisfactorily au d sharply.
In tho course of bis remarks Judge
Carpenter alluded to a lotter of Judge
Orr, published in the morning's papera
endorsing Scott and his liing. Ho
proposed to treat it with duo ' respect
because he waa a friend of Jude Orr's
Judge Orr said that good men must
I go into the ring and purify it. Where
were tho good men that had gone into
j it ? Tho only two thut he knew of,
were Judge Orr, and a bulky gentloman
in Marion-Col. Graham. They had
been in the party somo time, and in?
stead of improviog it, he thought they
wore going from bad to worse. Tho
respectable men, black and white of the
country, refused to go into that party,
and yet Judge Orr and Col Graham
wont into it. It was a parly led by
Whittemore, and ho was tho best man in
lit, for he had only been convioted of
selling two oadetships, and if others
could get off aa light as he did, they
would do well. J udge Carpentor charged
tho administration with trying to mako
I war between the races.
General Kershaw, General Easloyand
the Rev. Jonas Byrd followed. Tho
j former made the most eloquont speeoh
I of the campaign. During the meeting
J Elliot, a oolored Radical, asked if ho
could be heard and Colonel MoMaster
replied, that if Scott would como Out, he
could have the stand, but the party
would consent only to put candidate
against candidato. He was satisfied,
and matters proceeded harmoniously.
The meeting was a great success.
Everybody deeply regretted the absence
of Gonoral Butler. The people ar?
thoroughly aroused, and large additions
are being mada to tho ranks of the Ro
? form Party.
The Congressional Convention for the
Third Distriot met in Carolina Hall to?
night. Wm. Robinson, of Fairfiold, was
ohosen Chairman. The candidates were
I Col. Holcome, of Piokens, J. W. With?
erspoon, of York, and J. G. MoKissick,
I of Union. The latter roceived the nomi?
nation on tho fourth ballot, and the
I Convention adjourned, subject to the
! oall of the President.
MoKissiok's disabilities havo been
i removod.
A mass meeting of the oitizons, black
and white, is going on in front ol the
Columbia Hotel. Geo. Tupper presides.
Col. DePass and Maj. J. E. Baoon are
addressing the meeting. Col. R. B. El?
liott and Worthington were invited but
did not speak. ?
DADDY CAIN ON THE WHIM; RADI?
CALS.
For over four years, the white Rc
: publicans in this State have loudly
prated about the rights of the colo/ed
man, as a fundamental principio of tho
Party, and have with words, fought tho
Southern whites, on that ground, as if
they were defending tho inalienable
rights of mau. They have cajoled the
eoloted people into believing that their
rights were best scoured by white men,
who woro in ibo Republican parly
holding all positions, of remuneration
und trust, in tho name of the oolored
voters of this State. It is very remark?
able that, in almost every instance, theso
gentry have talked glibly, while ono
oyo hus been steadily fixed on some goud
.fut offices. We havo observed every ono
ol them in their deep devotion? to tho
ncgroe's interost, and invariably they
have come out at some hole through
which has been pulled some office, that
would give them a living. Thia hn?
been tho course of every ono of th oat*
|?vho have taken very prominent posi?
tions, in the affairs of thia Stnto. Offices
I of every description havo been taken up,
School commissioners, Road managers,
I County commissioners, City alderman.
State officials. Everywhere, in crery
county, these gentry swarm Uko tho
"lice in Egypt, filling all th? land."
- -..-?..?-- -
A HAN DSO.il K Till BU TU,
Thc Norfolk Virginian, in an edito?
rial art icio on thc attitudo of North
Carolina in the recont campaign, v.
pays our grund old State the foi lowing i
beautiful tribute : Willi thesoav+eff
weights upon her, and ihcso "'?lturp
? .ads in her sides, tho Old North State,
displayed a patient com ago which en .
titles hor to immortal honor. It is
written that he who cointualid?th his
spirit is greater than he wbtjp taketh a
city, and when Carojioa,eent{uered her
impulse to resist tyrjun/jH'u. M>V shape
ana from any quarter-an impulse boru
' with the Mecklenburg declaration-she
I stood in a moro heroic at tiende than
I when she folded her tat tend, battle
flags Wet with the blood rtf her sons
and made glorious on tho gr eat battle
fields of thc late war. In congratulating
heron her redemption, ve mingle with
tho greeting our highest applauso at
the patient heroism which sha djAhty
od, and trust that tho future ypk\y-; ho
rich ia the blessings nf that pa*co
which she hui oonquorcd for herself- by
peaceful means - Wilmington Star.

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