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The weekly Union times. [volume] (Union C.H., South Carolina) 1871-1894, August 24, 1894, Image 1

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^r^PTO^&y.-NEW SERIES. UNION C. H., SOUTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, 1894. NUMBER 34.
?? __ . ??. ?? i ?
An estimate of tho clmritablo bequests
in England dnring 1893 puta
the total sum at about $7,000,009.
Official Gorman reports show that
tho number of doaths caused by light*
ninghavo beon increased by about 200
per cent, from tho eoason of 1870 to
1882. Tho author attributes this to
tho gradual disappcaranco of forests
and to tho greater uso of motals in
building construction. Lightning
protectors liavo yielded excellent results
in most cases, and it is dcemod
essential that all high buildings should
bo provided with them.
The Russian Ministry of Justice is
considering a system of providing
State-paid people's attorneys for the
gratuitous defence of tho poor in
criminal nnil civil cnaoa Tl in nrrvti. I
mcnt in that wherever tho State provides
a prosecutor, it ought nlso to
provide no ndvoeato for the accused.
This practice already exists in AustroHungary
in the form of cx-offlcio
counsel; hut this is for criminal
cases only. An association exists in
Vienna to provide counsel for tho
poor in civil cases.
A curious an?l interesting fact given
by tho Registrar-General in his statistic
f?*r I?9:j is that in tho Celtic portions
of tho Uuitod Kingdom the proportions
of tho female births is much
higher than it is in tho nou-Celtio
portions. Tho highest proportions
are found in Cumberland, Cornwall
and Nortli Wales, while South Wales
is only a little way down in tho list
and lias a proportion considerably
above tho average for the whole couutry.
The proportion of female births
is higher in Ireland and .Scotland than
in England.
Tho rich frosooing 011 the wnlls ol
the room of tho Committoo on Nnvnl
Affairs in tho Capitol at Washington
attract* a groat deal of attention from
visitors. Conspicuous on tho walls
aro a half dozen fouialo figures, which
show remarkable artistic skill, and ara
also wonderful for tho peculiar beauty
of tho face and form of each figuro.
It is apparent at almost a glnnco that
one model served for tho whole group.
The painting was douo by llruuiidi,
tho famous Italian artist, and tlu
model was the artist's lovely wife.
The late President Carnot was notified
nearly every day durin? his term
of office that he would ho assassinated.
More than 20 )0 suc'.i threats reacho.l
him in scvon years. As tho Atlanta
Constitution observes I10 literally
faced death every day, and yet I10
went about with a smiling face, shirking
none of his duties, and making
one of the bent rulers that r r mco over
had. Tho French Prcsiilent was a
grent man, a bravo mau, and made of
the genuine martyr stuff. Few men
could have endured his mental strain
for so many years without breaking
down. It would be hard to find a
nobler example for all men in whatever
station who bear great responsibilities
and have important duties to
discharge. Life was sweet to Caruot,
but he never weighed it in the balance
against principle and duty. Tho daily
threat of murder never caused him to
waver or halt. Ho lived and died
without fear and without reproach.
The diroct and indirect lossos caused
by tho recent strike will perhaps exotoo
nnn nan 'Pi.?
LUUH 1 11(1 a I CnilUMlb l/l
ouo of the largest railway corporat ions
in the country is reported as spying:
The earnings of tbo railroad companies
of tbo Western roads foil off in two
weeks an average of at least twentyfive
per cent. The pay rolls that were
stopped will represent a loss to employes
of, let us say, at least six times
as much as that su lie rod by tbo companies.
Hundreds of factories woro
obliged to close from lack of coal or
coke. Tbo wages lost in tboso were
five times tbe amount lost by tbo manufactories.
The beef companion lost
hundreds of thousands and California
and other fruit crops were either temporary
or total losses, 'J'ho following
is not fill unfair recapitulation of
losses, I think:
The United States Government.... $ 1,0JO,000
Loss in earnings of railroads centering
in Chicago 3,000,000
Loss in oarntngsof other railroa Is. 2,500,00)
Loss Y>y destruction of railwty
properly 2,500,000
Loss to railway employes in wages 20,000,000
Loss in exports, pro luce una merchandise
2,000.000
Loss in fruit crops 2,500,000
Lossto varied manufacturing companies
7,500,000
Loss to employes .15,000,000
Logs to merchant8 on quick goo is 5,0 > ),0:i >
Total ?H| ,000,000
To this must bo atbleil loss from 1
what woultl have been incroaseil sttrnmcr
traffic ami manufacture.I goo.Is
for tho coming season. The Heal
shoving will easily bo moro than
filOO.OOaOfM) l1
A NEW RAILROAD.
Abbeville, Pelzer and Piedmont to be United >
by Iron Links.
Bblton, S. C.?A meeting of the exaoutivo
committee uu<l promoters of 1
the proposed Abbeville, Pelzer and
Piedmont Railroad was held hero. <
About twenty-live prominent citizous ]
from the points in to rested wore pros- 1
ent, among theui being Col. J. L. Orr, <
of Piedmont, Capt. E. A. Smyth, of I
Pelzer, and a strong delegation from . 1
n.... \v'..o* * : i , - I '
A/IU) IT vnv, nilU it un> 11 in mi Alt MlN l() Utf
embraced in the route to be selected. '
The meeting Appointed a committee
of seven to confer with the authorities \
of the Georgia, Carolina and Northern \
Railroad in regard to making a survey ]
and taking charge of the road after the ]
grading shall hnvo beeu completed, i
The members present obligated themselves
to pay all the expenses of sur- <
veying two routes, one from Piedmont, 1
Pel/.or ami Helton to Abbeville by way j <
of Craytonville, Annie and Autreville, j
and the other way of llonca Path t i
and Duo West, the most practicable j I
route to bo selected. It is understood | ]
that tho Georgia, Carolina and North- I i
crn Road will take charge of and oper- : i
ate tho proposed lino if tho commmii- i
ties through which it may pass will do , |
the grading, and on account of tho 1
level condition of the country to bo
traversed this task will be a conipara- j
lively light one. !
Committees were also appointed to j
draw up a petition b>r presentation to ;
the Legislature asking thai ihe power
of taxation for this purpose be conferred
upon the communities interested,
and to secure a charter and advertise
the project as i squired by law. t
The men interested in the road are
very much in earnest, ami the prospects
of successful work are very good. ,
PYROTECHNICS OFF HATTER AS
\
Capt. Crossman of the At/ianca Sees More '
Electricity than Ever Before.
Nkw Youk City.?Capt. Grossman ,
of the steamship Allianea of the Col- (
unihia line, says that he has never seen >
in his thirty-tive years' experience at (
sea a more gorgeous electrical storm ,
than th it he passed through otl" Cape
11 attorns on tho North Carolina cutlet
<m Friday night. Out of tho clouded
tikv thero came a scries of flashes of
varied linos. Klcctricul showers fell
into the sea for scverul hours. Tho
eud of the display resembled the simultaneous
discharge of a million rocketa.
Then followed darkness and torreuts
of rain.
Cupt. Hansen of the Norwegian fruit
steamer ltunan, which arrived from
Baracoa likened the electrical display
to un immense sun, varying in brightness
from a dull grow to an intense
light, with intermittent flushes across '
its face and around it. At one time it
looked as though it were draped on
both sides with an immense double i
curtain of light, which came and went (
at frequent iutervalsduriug the storm's <
progress. i
There were innumerable smaller I
bright spots and patches, which kept i
rovolviug around the large one. When
they seeiued to lose themselves in tho s
tea they were replaced hy others. 1
SOUTHERN INVENTIONS. \
"Wasminoton, 1). C.?Patents havo ,
Seen granted to tho following meri- i
torioiiK Southern inventions: (
Method of preserving citrous fruits, ?
Duvi?l A. Walker, dr., Charleston.K. 0. ,]
Itailwny brake. It. If. Bulloch, and
J. W. Milliard, Savannah, (in.
Adjustable ^rutc for street cars,
Lorenzo It. (Jodwiu, Memphis, Tenii.
Self waiting till >le, Wuoilsim It. f
Cuinmings, Critz, Vu. <
Air hrukc, Jno. I). P. Seheuek, i
Nashville, Telia. ]
F,limine eroKsheuil, Arthur 'I'. Snoil- '
grass, Dotheii, A In. t
Churn, It. E. Van Court, Elkton, t
Yn. i
Porinblo awning for vessels, Michael '
Enright, Norfolk, Vu. t
Cotton gin, Ihiniel Ilavnes, Scaly, <
Texas. 1
ltail way ear fender, Eiail Keninitz, t
Memphis, Ten 11. >
I ... 1. 1. MM 1? * "
i tf ihhun, iMIH'V 1>. Hl'HROIl, I'D# (
Worth, 'IYxuh. t
Saw lilino machine, Win. I>. Allen,
Allciitown, Lit.
Ilnriicss <>r oilier utruji, Win. W.
J>ns s, Home, (in. I
im (
Afore About Vanderbitt's Mansion. li
Tli-rc lire ilntn nhoiit llie |>Iirnoinemil
mnnsimi (it-nr^c \'|| i It I t-r) >i 11 is 1 > 11 i I < 1 - |
in^ lit A sin ville, N. ('.: It Iiiikii frontnor
of KM! feet mid is I ,H00 feet nrnii ml.
The cmitrui t for slntino its roof is
snitl to lie tin- Iiii"?i?-st one iiikIi-itnheii
in this country. It will ret|iiire 1,100 v
8i|iiiires of slnte, ene'ii st | mi re eont I i n i no '
100 si|iuire feit A i'eiiiisy I viinin j
l-iiili'oml i ] : >| > lit A It on mi, I'n., hits the
ne\t Inr; i -I ri.of.i-ontiiiiiinoTtillsiiiiiiies
of' hlnli\ 'I'll*? I ?n 11?11 i?'t 11 ?i 11 is I'J !?y7"?,
llllll it i'Stl'llils to llli' top of !!) liollsr.
Mr. \ ii11 i< loilt lins Stl'l I'lnplovrrs on (
tlio pIiH'r, wliirh in iiifii i'ovi i . .".il.lHHf '
nrrrs. 'I'li'tr ii|*?? iiIi'i imI v i'oti>t I'llt l oil "
sixty mill s of iiiiii'inIn111ivr< <I roml.
lioiisi* iili > 111 \m hi i *! i if ** * 111 iv lliorr i^loll iii!
loom 1 Iiiiii ii:i fiitiro lilorK of h North- '
?i n rity. v
? ? - - I
T,.n Tnrrilile Dm inhf in Dl in
Coi.v miu's, (). - Till- State crop I mi II?
t in kIiiiivh that cxi't |>t in it lew ci nt r.t 1
districts there Iims beill llo relief iii>lil ii
I lit* terrible drought, iiml the elVeet |m
mi the crops is disastrous. ('<>iii is
shriveling up and on the iiphiiulH is h
total failure. Klcwhcre half a crop k
may lie scoured iiinlcr fuvorahle coinli- ^
lions from now on. Kven trees nro
living ami wells iiml springs are drying
up. Pastures nro ilen<l and fanners ^
ure feeding their cattle. The potato f
crop is eertainly ruined. Ihiekwheat
is poor and tobacco is tiring badly. A pI
des are falling and grains alone prom- ''
iso a fair yield. "
HELD TO BE UNCONSTITUTIONAL.
Judge Aldrich Decides Against the Dispensary
Laws of 1893.
Aiken, H. C.?The South Carolina
ilispenanry ease met with defeat again.
The arguments on the application of
T. V. George and G. T. Holley, dispensar
and hia clerk, for a writ of prohibition
against the mayor of the city
i>f Aiken to prevent him front trying
9 iid dispenser ami his clerk for viola*
b ug an ordinance of the city relating
to the sale of lhptor, was heard on
I'ueaday last.
The isHlli' of tlli? eonst itill ion?1 if v of
the law was squarely made by both parties
ami uh squarely mot by Judge Aidrich
iii an opinion of twenty-eight
pages, in which ho fully discusses the
law bearing on the issues before him.
After ]>laiuly ami equivocally de?
L*lurithe law of 1S{)3 to bo utieonstit
itioiial ho discusses the right of the
city of Aiken to pass any ordinance
regulating the, salo of liquor,
qiirituoiis, malt or vinous. The judge
further decides that the city of Aiken
lias no right to paws any ordinance reg- j
dating the sale of the liquor above '
mentioned, and consequently that the
mayor is without power to try the disensir
and his clerk, and enjoins him
[lerpetually from so proceeding.
This gives accidental prohibition,
aire and simple, and will enable tbo
iinyor to close the dispensary here by
njunctioii from Judge Aldrich. the
udge of the circuit.
I
THE ORIENTAL RUMPUS.
China and Japan Are Both Concentrating I
Troops in Ccrea in Large Numbers.
London.?The correspondent of tlio
rimes at Shanghai telegraphs that 12,100
Japanese troops from Fusau and
ind 8,000 from Ynensan are marching I
toward Seoul, the capital of Cores.
Fusau is the chief port of Kiung >nng-l)o,
the Southeastern l'rovinco
jf Cores and Ynensan is in the Northeastern
port of the kingdom. The
rsung-Li-Yameii, the supreme conn*i
1 of the empire, have guaranteed the
safety of foreigners in the interior.
EACH HAS llObD OE ONE END.
London.?The Shanghai correspondent
of the Central News, says that
ill* n i<-^iiij'U ll lit" III |r? ft ill I M ?| |(M |
by the Japanese in the Mouth and by |
Ihe ChineKO in. the North, and that;
both tin; Japanese and the Chinese refuse
to transmit news dispatches. It
s calculated that China will have <10,t()U
soldiers in Corca beforo the close
September.
JAPAN AND CHINA.
lor rowing Millions of Dollars to Conduct
Their Wars.
Yokohama, Japan.?The Japanese
ire blocking the passes in the north of
'orea with the view of preventing the
ntranee of Chinese troops. The Japinese
fleet is sei'kintfthe ('hinese fleet.
,'p to the present tin- search has been
insuccessful.
I>1?ici.in, (Skhmanv.?Thelterlin Post
lays that a Chinese loan of 000,000
ins been undertaken on the security of
i... /M.; i
ii*- \ 111 i nr>? * 111111 11 iiii*- unrn. v iiiini
Mints to raise
London, Knoi.and. - The Shanghai
orrespomleiit of t he Cent rnl News says
hat, 1?v Imperial decree, the .Japanese
iovernmeiit has authorized the loan of
5.">0,0n0,000, which will all In; raised in
I apan.
The Wagner Cur Shops Shut Down.
1 li'KKAi.o, N. Y. ? The Wagner ear
(hops at Last lhilValo have closed down,
iwing to the husiliess de]>ression and
he absence of demand for ears. Over
1,000 men are thrown out of work.
The Wagner Works were among tlm
irst to feel the ellVrtsof the depression
hat swept over the country last sum*
iter ami which has since continued.
The force was reduced from time to
imc until finally it #wns decideil to
dose the works until business revives,
i'ery few orders have been received
mice spring Mini tlio nu'ii nt work
vrro employed chielly in repairing old
ill's. The company hopes to bo nl?l<
.o rostiiiio in tiliout i mouth.
Pardon far Coxeyites.
|{\i,riMoiti:, Mi>.- At ii conference
etweeii (Sovci'iior lli'own, Attorney
<a li< I'll I Coenild counsel for the one
ill in I rei I imprisoned ('oxevites, it was
"feed 11 in t t lie jjovern liielit would parlou
nil, except Christopher Columbus
ones mid ".Millshall" MeKee, who wil
>e held for the purpose of testing the
i^lit of the State to t:iko tlicni from
heir employment and imprison them
dthout trial. Melxee refused to ncept
the pardon ollered by the povernk
nt, conditioned upon their leaving
lie State.
Conductor Goodman Gets 18 tears.
A special 11*4>m Covington, Va., says:
'olid net or (ioodmau, t he sla ver of Co|.
I. ('. I'arsons, was found guilty of
uirder in the second decree, and veil
i.ohteeii years in tie* penitent in ry.
lie prisoner bore up with reinarkabh'
i.... . i... i i. i i . . I :
il'i'. vlioi-toml I*v 11i111 111 1111 11i.
I'ollliU', WIIM ?lll | V 1*11!-1M * I.
Trying io Burn a Town.
Tlntv iiirrmliiiry fir?*:? <ni Kriilny
iu'lil nl I'M*uenee, S. were put out
it It only S'JJMtt) iliunupe.
Thirty t liri'i' mi'ii, witli <l??psiiiii] i;nn ,
illnl t lit i-i Iii iii - in < 'mi Inert comity,
i.e.
Two lisliciiii< it wen- ilvowneil olV
Villvi rsoii I'oint, lienr New heme, N.
. 1111II lip ii pule Weilliesilnv ufteniooli.
President ( levelniiil in at (irny (Jules,
Miissueliiisetts, ill from inuliiriu
ml overwork.
BAST FIBERS.
THE UNCUL T/lfA TED ONES OF THE UNITED
STATES.
The U. S. Department of Agriculture Issue
Something Ver/ Interesting on Fiber
Culture.
COYTON-STAIiK KIRBR.
The cr.tloa plant of Southern
agriculture,* fifo.ixi/piurn hcrOaceuin,
?1ho belongs to the Malracnc, und it
may not bo known, generally, that itu
stalks contain fiber ot good <piality.
In the collection of libera Kent to tho
Paris Fxpoition of 18K1) was a fine example
of the ttber of the cotton stalk,
from a plant gr-oyp b; l'ev, J. B. Gordon,
of Georgia, prepared by the
American Consolidated Fiber Company,
from a green stalk, sixty days
fl'otn date of planting. In the letter
transmitting the specimen it was stated
that the fiber ih not only good for
thread, but for a thousand Other purposes;
it is a splendid liber for paper
also, as it will not tear as easily as that
made from wood pulp or rrtgs,"
Tlu re is no doubt that this fiber
would mukeau admirable twine,though
its use in "thread" is somewhat overstated.
It possesses fair strength,
specimens 1 have examined by hand
tests appearing somewhat stronger than
jute. The fiber of old stalks that
have stood in the Held is of varying
shades of russet ;? color, while that
from fresh stalks is a yellow white.
The antagonism of the farmers of the
South to the jute trust, in 181)0, called
renewed attention to unutilized southern
libers for the manufacture of bagging
with which to bale the cotton
crop, the price of bagging having been
advanced from 7 to 12 cents per yard.
Various fibers were suggested an substitutes
for the India product, and
among them the bast of cotton stalks,
which, it wascluimcd,could be supplied
"Iroin the 18,0(10,000 acres of cotton
fields" in cultivation in the Soutu.
Among those who experimented with
this liber in manufaetiiro was
William K. Jackson, of Augusta. Chi.,
who gave conxuiernnlo attention to the
enterprise, u company having been organi/.ed
to curry on the work. According
to statements made by Mr. .Tnekson,
the liber was separated "on a inaeliine
which was indented and perfected
for South American fiber experiments,"
the name of the inventor not
having been given. The principle consisted
in "running the baat between a
corrugated drum revolved by an eccentric
attachment on a similarly corrugated
concave^" jl, the charge between
being win H i"v a flowing stream
of water to wash away the residue of
g un and bark."
No statements wero made as to the
method of harvesting the stalk, although
the sample of liber submitted
was said to have been made from stalks
that had been gathered late in February,
after exposure to the weather for
several months. The fiber produced
roin the e stalks was sent to J. C.
L'odd, of I'atvrson, N. J., for manufacture,
a few yards having been prepared
experimentally. During a visit
to the factory in Futerson.a few mouths
I .? .. I *11. 1 . A* At. .
Ill 1 ilf 1 II* lll'll? HI htTllIU IIOII1 lilt*
loom whence it was made a small
specimen of the bagging, which is preserved
in the collect ion of the Depurtincut.
The fiher, which allowed fair
strength, was reddish in color, or u
Wright rusict, though the sample exhibited
at l'aris approached nearer to
straw color.
Naturally the proposednew industry
created considerable interest in the
South, and the i?rediction was made
that when properly developed it would
liecome a source of great wealth to the
Southern people. It was proposed to
place the decorticating machiues in
sections of the country convenient to
the hugging mills, that the tilier might
he prepared, haled, and shipped us
economically as possible. It was also
claimed that the water or steam power
employed in running the ginscottld he
used to operate the lihre machines.
I.ike in>i 11 v* iit 11if si 11111:ir cnt iTiu iscK
tin* >iitti<*i|>>it<>?I results wort* imt realized,
whether through the failure of
the decorticating machine to turn cult
the liher at economical cost, or for
other reasons, can not he stated. I do
not think that the maeliine question
was altogcther at the bottom of the
ditliculty, considering the kind of raw
material that the maeliines were exjieetecl
to work upon. A machine
constructed to operate upon straight,
clean stalks half an inch or more in
diameter, grown rapidly and close to
gether in the- held, like hemp stalks,
could hardly he expected to work
smoothly upon 'In* rough, irregularly
shaped branches and often crooked
material that, would be yielded by cotton
plants grown primarily for lint
cotton. I am <>l the opinion that the
harvesting of such rough and uneven
material could uo1 lie . .eeoinplishcd at.
economical cost, e\en if such stalks or
branches could be.success fully cleaned.
In a recent letter I am unformed that
the enterprise has not been altogether
aliiimloiictl, llioiiirli nothing has been
tic*i*?>111)>Iivlt< <I lov scvcriil years, so far
IIS I I'll II ll ll I'll.
('I'o In; roiitiliiieil.)
Another flij Timber Stile.
A special from A hcvillc. N. ('.,
si lt licit tli- I:i 'I > -itI estate trans
action iii \* li it'll \\ > I in North ('arc
11mi is ielI'K'sti'iI involves *>| I 1,11(1(1, tIn
<l? nl 1 i 11I'liiisiiiniiiiiti'il mi tie '.Mli
inst. I In- Itiicls sii|iI coin prise wli.il i
Known n s tie Whittii'i' tract, ninl con
sists of 7H,(I(HI acres in Swain comity.
I'll. piirchnsci is t In-I 'orci^ii 11 aril w iiml
laio ('o., a New ^ ork ('or|ioration
whose 1111r|ii>sc i t to erect mills ami
carry on an esti ir-ive lumber business.
The \\ hitt iert ract is rceo^ni/.cil as one
of tin I'liic t hardwood boiimlai ies in
in I In Sunt h
Over 200,000 postal cards are urcu
every day in the United States. ,
i
THE SOUTH ON A SOLID BASIS.
Grain Crops that will Bring More Money than
a 9,000,000 Cotton Crop.
Baltimore, Mi>.?Letters from near
ly two hundred Southern bankers, neat
tered all the way from Maryland to
Texas, in regard to the crop prospect
and business conditions in the South,
ire published in tlio Manufacturers'
Record. With one or two exceptions
these letters report an unusually satisfactory
outlook for the agricultural
and general business interests of tin
entire South.
The decline in the price of cotton
two or three years ago forced Southern
farmers, who could not continue to
borrow money in advance on their
crops as freely as before, to pay more
attention to the raising of their own
food supplies. The result lias been a
steady decrease in the indebtedness of
Southern farmers brought about by
the forced economy of the lust two
venrs, nnd almost without exception
the reports from the bankers say that
Southern farmers owe less money than
at nny time since the war. Added to
these favorable conditions, they have
the prospects of the largest aggregate
crops, taking grain, cotton, fruits and
all else into consideration, ever produced
in the South.
While the drought in the West h is
cut short the corn crop of that section
uiiiiKiiul favorable conditions have given
to the South the largest corn crop
that it hasever produced. Kveil should
the cotton crop yield from eight t >
nine million bales, as it will probably
do provided the season continues favorable
from now on. the value of the
grain crop, owing to the large production
of corn, will exceed the value of
the Smith's cotton crop.
THE HANUFAC7UHE OF COTTON.
The Sojt/Ts Proportion of This Interest"
Interesting Statistics.
Nrw York.?The executive commit*
the of the Southern Exchange Assnciution
hehl its lin t meeting iu the oOiec
of R. H. (Sarden, the President. The
committee heard the report of J'. IT.
Edmonds, chairman of the committee,
for the collection of information on
the Southern cotton mnuufactuiintr interest.
This report stated that there
are about 15,000,000 cotton spindh s in
the United States. They represent nil
investment, including nil che-sc s of cotton
manufactures, of over? 100,000,000.
Of this number the South has in round
numbers, 11,200,000 spindles, and the
cupital invested is about $07,000,000.
The world litis about So,000,000 spindles.
"The South produces nearly 00
percent, of the entire cotton crop of
the world, and if it manufactured this
it would need over twenty times as
many spindles as it has, or about 50,000,000,
and the capital needed would
exceed $1,000,000,000' The total an
liii>t 1 value of 1 lie product of these mills
would lie equal to the present value of
three full cotton crops. In the last
eighteen vears the cotton crops of the
South have rold for an aggregate of
nearly $( ,000,000,<>00. before they
reached the eonsuiner their value had
increase.1 to $18,000,000,000 or $20,000,000,000.
This eiioi nious business,
creating wenlth wherever established,
is the prize for which the South has
now commenced to contend."
The Strike Called Off in the Pennsylvania
Coke Section.
Connf.llsvim.f.. Pa.?The Slav colic
workers who have for so long a time
continued the strike in the face of certain
defeat, have given up the strangle
for higher wages. They now denounce
their leaders, who they say have kept
them out by false representations and
promises. The Slavs are now hustling
for their old positions and many are
securing work. The operators will at
once lire up all idle plants in the.eoke
region and place them in operation as
fast as men can be secured to work
them.
? - ?
Two Thousand Men Discharged.
Omaiia, NT-n.?Over 2,otiO men have
been formally discharged from the
I tiion Pacific as a result of the great
strike, and others are being replaced
'p.. . i i.. i . i < .
Mflll > A\\l> Jill II?I It'll 21 II41 II I IN I'll"
fjineers iind firemen itrc include.! in the
list. Some ol' the engineers mill liremen
were \\,i111 the com puny for twenty
years ami upwards. in most cases
the men do not Maine the company for
their action, saving they were misled
hv the American liailwny I'nioii, ami
that they made a mistake l?y poiiu; old
at all.
Orange-. All the \ nr.
A. 1>. Walker, dr., 111- >: s-over > 1 a
compound which co;isi??s in a miv
turn which, when spread oy>n i>;>\
of fruit, such as or.m vi or lemon .
will preserve it. sweei and e.niainte '
for an aline- in ' : tjit I. .i -I it t> I i n -.
Mr. Walkei has now i:i In- p > e- ...i.
about lil'ty or.m ;es fro.n a i> >\ v. m
he took to exoerim nit w.l'i n.*me:y
four months 11-0. In appe.ira .ice an
t ade the fruit i - still a- ,i .
whs on tlii! tiny lir tool. ra t '?' >! it,
iiinl tlirri! is nothing to sln> i i!i:it n
woiiM not k'-.-p for tin- lvmnin lor oi
tlu> year, il Mr. W illo r ?! -?ri?-1 l<
ki't'p it that loll';. I.. > ; \i^elos ^I'al.i
Tillies.
- --Manicl
Si'v' ;il.v \ -ain.
A few Weeks iliJO lit Wol'liiv. S'l- V,
Kiitflun.l, .Mm Moor.- ? < !i-111.(| i in,'
8cvent id li iiiini vi i>arv <>i In n> i r
to .Tune Klallnr<!. .Mr. AI * n, un.l'"i;i
ill I Si 1I, ii ||i | lis, l . ii :i i i. I. i :,.? r
from hit. voiit Ii up. II is \\ i!< w.t - mi
the village beaulv, ami lli ol i ; <"ii
inun eelelinit< ?l \\ linl whs l?oi Ii hi.-. \\? !
ding mill birthday iinniv. is.rv by | ?11ting
new miles on ii pair <>l bo >1-, an I
by running a fool rret of I > ? \.n is
Willi tli?' Ilt'\l ol'ifl man in I i a i't a
vigorous vonlIi !> ' <i hi .-|; <>. .Mr.
Moore won tin* ram- aiel a! a |?nr
of $18, eonlrilnili 'l I>y lie- p. !aim*,
i ?JSew York Advertiser.
APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SOUTH.
SI2,000,000 for Southern Rirer, Harbof
and Other Improvements.
Washington, D. C.?The present
(second) session of the Pifty-tliird congress,
now drawing to n close, lifts been
fairly productive of legislation of benefit
to the South, particularly in appropriations.
The total appropriations
for the fiscal year 1895, including
the permanent annuals, will foot up
s 190,500,000, as against a total of
.$519,500,009 for the fiscal year 189-1,
bowing a reduction by this session of
congress under the aggregate of the
second session of the the Fifty-second
congress of $29,000,000?a record
achieved under the leadership of Hon.
Joseph D. Sayers, of Texas, chairman
of the appropriations committee in the
House, and of lion. F. M. Coekrell, of
Missouri, chairman of the appropriations
committee in the {Senate.
The principal appropriations granted
for Southern objects during the
session aggregate $12,000,(592, Of Huh
.... * ?>m 111 <1 ir.n ,.v.> f..?. fiiuts .?iwl
IIIIIiMI III .JIWjl'lt'jTWW an JWE llt\ 1 l?IUI
harbor improvements. Wo give liorew
itli those for North ami South Carolina.
Harbor at Charleston, S. C., $150,000;
harhor at Norfolk ami its approaches,
Virginia, $100,000; harhor at
Winyaw hav. S. C.. SlJO.flOO; Inland
waterway from Cliincotcngue buy, Va.,
to ! >? la ware hay at or near Lewes,
Del., $25,000; I'atajisen river ami channel
to Daltiinore, $15,000; Appomattox
river, Va.. $5000; Niinscinoud river,
Va., $10,000; lames river, Va., $100,000;
Mattsponi river, Va., $10U0;Nomini
creek, Va., $5000;Pamunkoy river,
Va.. $'2000: I'appahantiock river, Va.,
$10,000; Urhanuit creek, Va., 33000;
York river, Va., $'20,000; Aquia creek,
Va., $3000; Oecoquan creek, Va.,
$5000; protecting Jamestown Islam!
from the encroachments of James river,
$10,000; Lower Machodoo creek,
Va., $3000; Koanokc river4 N. C.,$30,000;
Waterway between llcmifort liarla.r
ami New river, N. C., $'2,500:
Trent river, N. (!., $1000; North Last
(('ape Fear) liver, N. C., $5000; Pasquotank
river, N. C., $1000; Cape Fear
riv. r, N. above Wilmington, $14,000;
Cape Fear river, N. C., from
Wilmington to its month, $200,000;
Pamlico ami Tar rivers, N. up to
lioeky Mount, $10,000; Coiitcntnia
creek, N. ('., $10,000; lllaek river, N.
('., $2000; Lumber river, N. C. and S.
$10004 NeUSO liver, N. ' 0.? $7000;
Inlaml water-route from Norfolk harbor,
Virginia, to Albemarle sound, N.
C., through Currituck sound ? eontip.uing
improvement?$10,000; Locki'
i.- 11.. .. VT M ^tn
wifij'.i .*s ruin nni, xi. v>., xf
(in nt IVdee liver, S. C., ?(>000; Santee
liver, S. C., ?10,000; Waceumaw
river, N. C. ami S. 0., up to Lake
Waeeamuw, GOOD; Wappoo Cut, S. C.,
?7000; Waleree river, S. ('., ?2,500;
Congnreo river, S. C., ?1000; Mingo
eivck, S. ( ., ?1000; Little lYilee river,
S. ?1000; JJiaufoi't river, S.
?5000.
Jn mlilitioii to the foregoing appropriations
for Southern rivers and harbors
the Seeretarv of War is directed
to cause preliminary examinations of
liver- ami harbors to be made at the
following Southern localities with a
view to future iiiiprovenient-if needed:
NOUTIl CAKOMXA.
Core sound from mouth of North
river to IVnufort harbor and Cape
Lookout harbor of refuge, with a viewto
improvement of navigation; Drum
inlet lad ween Portsmouth and Cape
Lookout; Tar river from Washington
to (iivcnville, with a view to obtaining
a depth of three feet; South creek front
month to head of navigat ion; Turner's
cut, a braeh of Pasipiotank river; Seuj?pernong
river; North Last (('ape Lear)
river, from the old county ferry to
luniper swnini> or creek, a point about
one mile north of Hilton railroad
bridire, with a view toobtaiuing an increased
depth of channel; Alligator
-1 I.'.H-. U,.
viilo.' 1
KOl'TIt CAROLINA.
Steiiniboat channel, H'vcsi feet tlec]
nl menii low wnlei", between JJcuufort,
S. mi' 1 Saviinimli, (in.
VI KOINIA.
]>ce)> creek brunch of Kli/nbcHi
river, v. illi 11 > i? \v of obtaining a depth
t" 11 in I to lied of (lie Luke Drilliiliioild
Citiini, formerl v Hie l>isinnl Swiiin|>
('iin.il, 11 ii?1 Hie western brunch of the
sni11 Kli/nl . Hi liver; Hurris creek,
j?rt?ii"f of Ruck river; Lyons creek;
I'or intorinil wiilerwiiv, extending
from i'riinkli ii ('ity southward to
<'ii]ie <'lm rles. The chief obstructions
< xi-t in wind i- known lis Hogg's buy,
('id creek, Ixegotank buy, Weir passage
iiml I'm ton's 1 ?nv; Jack son's creek,
iienr month of the I'imikiitiuik river;
Ware river; (^mintieo creek; (irciit
W ieomieo ri\? r from ('eilnr I'oint to
to Imli'in I'oint: l/illle Wicomico river
nt 11s month; i I it lit IrrcrK irom its
in(>11111 to 11(-it?1 of iii:vi;;ntiiili; thir nt
the northwest on 1 en 110' of MiHord
Ilnvtii from I'in nU'itaiik river; Mouth
of ('rune's ereek, n tiiliil e-turury of
(In nt V. ieoniieo river.
V A I! tOl'S Sol Tim It N \ ! I'llOPRIATIONS.
Atliinla. (in. Cotton States iiiul filler
llilt iolinl ! A III >si t ion.S'JMI 1,01)0;11IIIIIlltoll,
Vn. So).tiers' Hi me, Southern
hrnneh, Hniii|iton, Vn. Ini:
w..i i w*.)n jinn. / u. ... i v
I III II nrillMII, O-W.ww r , * IM , tl. \
I in I in ii Trtiiiiinp Seliool, !?l 7,r>0().
Cliailts1i.il, H.. I'ui.lic ImiMinp,
emnplet ion, If oaf I-lainl, Vn.
I.iplit sl ilion, ?*?tin|>1"!i?>11. s7"?.i>no.
I'oft Monroe, Vii, A 11 illei v nelinol,
.0(111; I*.ij 1 Monroe, \ ?. New newer*
a e m |ein, Ai7,."ill|l; Norfolk. \ ii.
Nnw vn I'll, e I | 'jr. for eleiieal foiee
ami ?i| 1f??r improvement-, e|. etrie
plant, 1111*i\ v.ail, new (il'e-|.!'oof
tor. in e, it \ ; I : t I loyal, S. ('.
Navnl s< itioii, f< r r< paiiu:
( lirulott . N. C. V -iv office, JT" >
lor sal irie-v ami sjoo 1 for ineiie i t il
ami eolilii.pi lit r\|'i'!rei, including
lalior.
PITHY NEWS ITEMS.
Two large tobacco factories axe to
be built at Chase City, Va.
The Democrats of the tenth Virginia
congressional district nominated Hon.
IT. St. G. Tucker for re-election by
acclamation.
The Republicans of the seventh congressional
district of Virginia nominated
Robert J. Walker, of Shenandoah
county.
The Republican congressional convention
of the sixth Virginia district
nominated Col. John llumpton Hogu 'iHH
A groom of 73 and a bride of 02 were
married in Atlanta. The groom whh
James Dickey, a wealthy farmer of
Fannin county, ami his brido Mrs.
W. SS. Wright, of Atlanta. They met
at a summer resort in the mountains.
A party of moonshiners in Russell
county, Va.,attempted to lynch Deputy
AT 1*1 / 1 TO /II 1 ...i 1. _ 1
iVLiw Mru v.;. -r.. vmipp, i>tii/ no OBCupeu,
ami, returning with a forco of officers,
arrested Homo of hia persecutors who
aro now in jail. Clapp was a native of
t ho region and the 'shiners regarded him
as a ronogado because ho diseliarged
the duties of his oilice.
Tl?o mortgage indebtedness of North
Carolina in 1880 was in round numbers
-id 1,000. It was in 1880, 87,25(5,000.
In the four years since then
there was only one flue crop (that of
1800), and the farmers had only one
opportunity to pay debts. But tlio
low price of products more than counterbalanced
the result of the favorable
year. This year, no doubt, a good
deal of debt will be extinguished.
There is a Ruspccted case ef yellow
fever at New Orleans.
It is stated that a party of New York
capitalists contemplate building a lino
of railroad through lower Currituck
comity, N. C., connecting with the
Norfolk & Southern road for Norfolk.
Currituck furnishes for shinment laree
quantities of truck, lumber, corn, fish
ami game. The line would bo of immense
benefit to the seine men ntNags'
ilend and Roanoke Island.
The Long Shoals Cotton Mill, W.
A. Maunoy manager, near KiugsMtn.,
N. C.,is receiving its machinery equipment.
The Mountain View Weave Mill,
being erected 4 miles from Kings
Mountain, N. C., by P. S. Baker is
coming on apace. His dam will cover
50 acres, and tlio bulwarks are strong- ~
ly constructed.
The new gingham mill at Gibsonville,
N. C.,being erected by B. Davidson,
will be put into operation by the
end of the year. It is styled the
Hiawatha Cotton Mills.
Mi ss Madeline Pollard, of Breckinridge-Pollard
notoriety, is in New
York city. It is said she is considering
propositions that have been made
her by certain theatrical managers to
join their companies.
A grape and blackberry grower near
Raleigh, N. G., says that with only onethird
of a crop this season he has uet ...i
?i ooo .... ?i,
The first bale of cotton from the Mississippi
valley this year, was rec l vert -'?'
at New Orleans, and sold at auction for
0; cents. It came from Avoyello parish,
La.
During the Inst, few days over 400
Anarchists have landed in London. A
special branch of the Scotland Ynrrt
police force is very busy watching over
them.
Mrs. Bebecoa Bond died at her home
near Greenville, Miss., Monday, having
reached the age of 102 years. She
drew a pansion as a widow of a soldier
of the war of 1812.
I'.vcry year tne ir.mperor of Italy receives
a present of 10,000 picked Vir
<riiiin cigars from the Emperor of Austria.
Coren lias almost tlireo timcR tho
area ami times tli population of
the State of South Carolina.
A melon farmer from one of the most
fertile districts of Ihiruwe'.l county, S.
is the authority for tlu? statement
that many of the melon farmers are
highly delighted with the business that
the.) have (lone this season.
Vegetable Ivory ot Commerce.
The vegetable ivory of commerce is
an altmininouH substanco formed from
u milky fluid in tho trait of a nj>eeies
of palm indigenous to several parts of
flnninit mid Hnutli Ainorieii. bllfc which
seems to Uourish best in New Grenada
and 1'itii. it oorrosponds to the
meat of lite cocoamit, wliieli latter ia
tho fruit of another specie* of palm.
When vegetable ivory nuts are ripo
they are covered with a brown fkin,
are bean-shaped, tho interior being
perfectly white and very hard.?
cago Herald.
A New England Company to Build a Mill in
the South.
The Massachusetts Mills, <>f Lowell,
Mass , which decided more than a year
ago to build a mill in the South for the
manufacture of com rat* goods, is about
to arrange for carrying its plana into
elVcet. A meeting of the stock holders
of the company was held on August
lb, when they voted to increase tho
' :* .! . < -..1. 1... mm
ti ?iii 11, ^ lit I' 11 ii I Murn p?>
ami t<> authorize the directors to erect
the proposed )>1 itn1.
Oarlington Men Released.
!Wc('iillouph, liiicas, Xormcnt and
Appelt, citizens of I hirlingtoti, S. C.,
('hurled with the lulling of Constable
I'epl cr in the Darlington riot, were
given a lieai ing in hulieas corpus proc<ed
digs before -lodge Watts. Me<
* 1111 11 p> i i was granted laid at j'2,f>00.
11? pave it. I lie other three men were
discharged for want of evidence.

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