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The Orangeburg news. [volume] (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1867-1875, July 20, 1867, Image 3

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THE OBANGEBUliG NEWS,
- . PUBLISHED WEEKLY .
?;;? \ ' at . '
OEANGEBURdi S. C.
Office of Publication on Market-Street, over tty
Post Office. '^y *
' samuel PIBBLE, Editor. '
virgil C. DIBBLE, Associate Editor.
charles ii. HALL, Publisher;
?mi i . ^htt j Cr:., i i
READING MATTER ON EVERY PAGE.
JULY 13.-?A" huge mnB9 of correspondence
between the Administration, Gen. Grant,;' and
district commanders lias been mudo public;
but as tho issues involved have all been decided
by the bill telegraphed last night, it is not
thought W?rth while to b?rdon the wires with
-AflSl ?orrcspon'dencG shows that Gen.' GrUnt
?was strongly iuc.lincd toward tho latitude el aim
t^%* commanders undo?"tho old bills.
? A bill passed tho Houso appropriating $1.
675;OOU.forTeobnStrtfotiou. ? i
During tho - discussion, Eldridge spoke about
tho extravagance of district commanders,- allu
ding to Sickles as a greater harlequin than the
commander at New Orloans, and had road by
the olork a1 newspaper article, speaking of dis
plays' made ;by Sickles, riding round Charles
ton in a coach and four,
c Ringham roplied, that it was fitting that a
^ian who lost his leg in defence of .his Govern
tjmcnt should, ride in a. coach and four.
.Mr. Elridgo wanted to know whethor it re
qutrafl more horses to draw a man with one
Jog than a~man^with two logs. [Laughter.]
?Mt..-Schcnck insinuated that certain gcntle
mciilha'd\madc tHoir way to Canada during the
?war without any.horses at all.
.. , Mr. Eldridge retorted that the gcutlcman
? from Ohio (Mr. Schcnck) had made a oharge
in America which, if he had continued, would
have carried him to 'Canada.?[Alluding to
Vienna.?Ed.]
Mr. Scbenck declared that this was an old
lie, which had., been exploded- in the teeth of
liars.
Mr. Eldridgo said he knew that that topic
would make the gentlemen (Mr. Sehenck) get
nervous. . '
Mr.' Schcnck repeated that it was an old lie,
which had been put down long since.
Mr. Eldridgo remarked that he know the
gentleman had contradicted it, but the people
repeated it.
Nothing iriiportant transpired in the Sonate,
oxcept the passage of tho Reconstruction Bill,
which goes to tho President.
Raymond was nominated for Austria, Ban
croft for Prussia. -
It is now positively known that the State
Department will await, further developments
before formally m?vliig In Fant? Anna's case"""
. The reconstruction bill was signed by the
proper officers of both houses, and presented to
-?the President.
TEn tho House"'to-day a petition from the
^Legislature of Arkansas, for an appropriation
to improve the .Mississippi Icycc, "received a
vote of 56 to 43, and was referred to the Com
mittee on Appropriations. Its reception was.
opposed on the ground that Arkansas was not
a State, and the Legislature could not peti
tion. '
-rJt'LY 16.?In the Senate the House Bill ap
propriating over 81,500,000 to meet the ox>
pense of executing the Reconstruction Acts
was amended by reducing tho amount to
?1,000,000, and thon passed by a vote of 37
ayes to 3 nays.
>The President's mcssago suggesting the
Federal- liability for the debts of the Southern
Stites occasioned an animated debate. It wns
pronounced inopportune and as calculate:1 to
unsettle the national finances.
In'' tho House a Resolution wns passed in
structing theCommittee on Public-Lands to
report n Bill forfeiting to the United States
the swamp lands formerly granted to Southern
States.
A Resolution instructing the Judiciary Com
mittee, to onquirc whether Kentucky, Maryland
and Delaware have State Constitutions of a
Republican form, was passed by the Speaker's
vote,' the Houso standing 47 to 47.
?? An amondmont reducing th? Reconstruction
Appropriation Bill to $1,000,000 (as pusscd by
the Senate) was concurred in, and tho Bill sent
to tho President for approval. ^
The Bill prohibiting tho President from
treating with the Indians, as passed at the last
session, was repealed amidst applause from the
Democratic side of tho Houso, who regarded
this as tho first step backward from Radical
ism.'
' Jt'ly 16.?In the Senate the President sent
in a mcssngo relativo to the Russian-American
treaty, and asking an appropriation to carry it
Nth tho House Stevens introduced two bills
,on Reconstruction?one entitled "a bill to cn
;fl-ble the inhabitants of the Southern Territo
ries to form State governments.'' They were
.Ordered to bo printed and referred to tho Com
prittee on Reconstruction. Adjourned.
The President has notified Colfax that both
vetoes would be sent iu on Thursday.
July 17.?In the Senate, Mr. Wilson pro
posed tho following amendment to tho Consti
tution, j "No distinction shall bo mndo by tho
United States,,nor by any State, among citi
jcens iu their civil or political rights, on account
of raoe or color." Ordered to bp printed.
A Bill that no person shall he .disqualified
by reason of race or color, fron\ hoMing offiec
|n tho Dibtrjvy ?l Ooiumbiu passed?25 uyes to
5 nays-^uyard, Buckalew, Davis, Hftudricks
and Johnson. -W>^ '
iidj^n.afi^irH/^oro. tlicn discussed until the
f^fn He l||use|ijio S?or^taryjofjfcho Ifavy sub
mitted^ Otfl^tflfcntion^ that Karragut
and GolJsDoro'ugn wer?l'the only naval " officers
fifty-five years iu service*
Butler roso to a question' of privilege, and
made allegations regarding prisoners. ' A col
loquy ensued. Baldwiu.asked Eldridge wheth
er he expected the Houso to take Gen. Ould's
statements against tho testimony and statements
of Union officers. Eldridgo believed that
Gen. Butler himself would not deny that Gen.
Quid, was a highly honorable and conscientious
man, (sneering laughter on the Republican
side.) Butler rpmarked that before tho ' war
ho had thought Gpn..Quld highly conscientious
and honorable,' but when a man committed
treason, he was like, a woman fallen from .vir
tue, ready for< any crime, and: from that hour
no, one. knew where to. find him. Eldridgo re
minded Butler that on making that statement
he had forgotten the cmiucut men who had
gone into rebellion. Hancock aud Adams nnd
Washington j. (hisses) every ope had been called
a rebel and every one of them had been a
rebel, (continued hisses).until rebellion became
a success.
The following was introduced and passed un
der a suspension, of tho roles by a strict party
vote: That tho doctrine evoked by tho Presi
dent, that the obligation of tho rebel States
binds the nation, to pay.their debts incurred
prior tp the rebellion, is at war with tho prin
ciples of international law, a stab at the na
tional credit,? abhorrent to ovcry sentiment of
loyalty, and pleasing only to traitors and their
allies and sympathisers, by whoso-agency alone
the government of the said States were over
thrown, j: 'it
The Senate Bill conferring on negroes the
right of holding office, amended to include the
right to servo on juries, was rcforrod to the
Judiciary Committee. . .
A resolution requesting the President to is
sue a proclamation directing all proper officers
to prevent the invasion of Mexico, was referred
to the Committoc on Foreign Affairs.
THE ORANGEBURG NEWS.
SATURDAY, JULY 20,1867.
While, tec reserve to. ourselves (he right of de fi
ning our oxen po?t'fai^ position by means of our
editorial columns, \cc will bcpieu.C. ?fl/?P('J*
contributions from our fejlow-citizci? upon the
grave questions which now agitate the. public
mind,'whctl\er their opinions coincide with ours
or not. A district newspaper, we consider,
should be an index of the various shades of pop
ular sentiment in ?ic section of country in which
it circulate*. Our columns arc open, therefore,
for any communicationsprojwrly written, accom
panied by a resjwnsiblc namcj not personal in
tfn>tr .:rK.,T<tt; t*orsal>9frfutcly iii/uruma fn their
tendency.
Tho Doings of Congress.
'?Porsons who have at any time visited a
Menagerie, have been doubtless struck with the
interest which the caged animals exhibit to
wards the slightest movement of their keepers.
Tho lordly lion, once king of the Afrte wild,
when confined in his iron-barred quarters, fol
lows with his eyes, the actions of a single hu
man being, who is. to the imprisoned brute, the
arbiter of his fate from day to day. Such is
our role. now. Wc conquered rebels, subdued
traitors, captured barbarians, arc caged at last,
and tho great Congress of the United States
ha"ls organized itself into a company of beast
trainers, to bring us from the rough moods of
savagery, to the sweeter dispositions nnd habits
of civilized life.
? While undergoing this process of political
discipline, we naturally act ns other wild ani
mals would do in similar circumstances;?we
watch with oager interest the movements of our
keepers, and often speculate whether the next
proceeding will be our . scanty ration of favor,
or tho sharp lash of punishmont. And just
new, though we nro in that condition of semi
starvation, which it is said, renders tho fiercest
beast docile and tractable, yet Congress doesn't
trust to that alone. We have broken out of
our cages once, and we might do it again j so
extra precautions arc to be adopted. We must
feel the smart of the lash, as woll as tho in
ward gnawing of privation. Such is the will
of our absolute masters.
But we perceive among them some differ
ences of opinion as to the proper mode of civi
lizing and rcpublicaiiizing the savugo South.
There is one class composed of old fogies,
called tho Senate;, who believe in training us
with some regard to nn antiquated set of rules,
called the Constitution of the United States.
But there is a more enterprising body of young
Mcnageric-mcn, called the House of Represen
tatives, who wish to keep up with the spirit of j
tho age; who desire, us they say, to make
rules to suit the times.; who nrc wedded to
now theories, and think that the present is a.
fiud opportunity to tost them. These two par
tics would never agree, but for one thing,?
?hoy both hnvo a wholesome fear and hatred of |
the wild animals under thoir keeping. They
know that when tho said wild animals broke
out bofprp, they hacl to Call upon their neigh
bor!? all around, to get* them within, bounds
aguin; and as they ore not always certain of
help, they want to make tho cages sjw?ng
cnoughvnd&,itp preclude t lie possibility of such
au accidmit a^aiu. j|j ? ?? ^ k' .
The <k?)at^ upon Rio passage of the last
Reconstruction. Bill gave rjfep to new dovolop-'
wonts, ironi which Wo may gather some ideas
as to tho mturc formation of political parties.
Thcro Is fomctliing significant in tho lan
guage! ?? 'TiiiVDDK?s as reported by
the Washington correspondent-of the Charlcs
ton Courier^ l^iWritcs/as jolloAv? : )\ \
Tho now Reconstruction Bill, us it passed
Congresses published this morning. If^is, in.
substantially the Senate project, and is, in
some particulars, less offensive and abominable
than the Honse Bill. Tho reason for this back
wardness on the part of tho Senate , to accept
all the extreme projects of the House Radicals
is stated by Mr. Thaddens Stevens. The Sen
ate had, or pretended to have, old fogy notions
of constitutional law. "The Senate" he said,
{:was several furlongs behind the House in the
work of reform?perhaps he o?ght to say, Rad
icalism. Some fragments of tho old shattered
Constitution had stuck perhaps in the kidney*
of some Senators and troubled them at night.
The ghost of the past Constitution stood in
their way and obstructed thoir progress."
This was the apology ; which Mr. Stevens
made to the House for the short-c?mings of
the Senate, and it was accepted.
This much for Stovcns: now let us hear
from Wilson in the Senate, who is the expo
nent of tho piiblie sent iment of a large section
of tho North. The same correspondent writes,
that ''Senator Wilson and others expressed" the
opinion that under the provisions of these Re
construction Acts, as they stand, the South
could and would be admitted upon compliance
with tho same. He believed that this Rill
would complete the work of reconstruction,
and he deprecated all propositions and discus
sions about further guarantees."
We opine that these diflcrenecs ef opinion
will eventually result in a great "split" in the
llopublicuu part}-, and with their division will
conic the downfall of the extremists. The
moderate wing is bound to triumph, and the
ultraists will die out of political existence;
while conservative elements will cluster around
the fragments of the Constitution, and endeavor
to save the country. Thai). Stf.vkns will.
a*;c ?f a broken lioarrj boast Bvti.k.u will re.
tire to private life, and employ M,c remaiueV
of his days in giving dinner parties, where he
can display the quantity and the excellence of
his silver plate, and sip soup with rebel spoon
and perchance, some other magnate of tho pre
Hont vrill .rhlo in a nleiyh and four ON or
snows of Alaska, shutting up the bar-rooms."
and passing stay-laws for the benefit of the
Esquimaux in our newly acquired Russian pro
vinces': while the American eagle will Hap his
wings for a more heavenly flight, and the
American rooster will crow defiance in'a louder
note to all surrounding nations. Vive hi lie
publiqiu:
Lloyd Garrison in'England.
? ~~ '
This fanatical apostle of the Abolition party
has recently been honored with a public break
fast at St. James's Hall. London, at which the j
great English Radical, Mr. Bright, as well as
the Duke of Argylc, Karl Russell, Mr. Stuart
Mill and several others made addresses. The
English speakers enlarged upon the magnan
imity and mercy of our Yankee conquerors.
We wish that they could see a littl; cd' the
real state of the caso ; they would open their
eye?, and shut their mouths.
Garrison in the course of his remarks related
the following anecdote, which shows how much
the people of England understand of Ameri
can Institutions and American Society. Wc
clip from the London (Eng.) Observer of tho
30th ult., (for which we are indebted to the
kindness of Mr. E. Ezekicl.) the following ex
tract from Garrison's speech :
I first, came to England in 1S;53 to expose to
Mr. Wilberforcc, Mr. Clarkson, and other
philanthropists the real character and real ten
dency of the Amcvicau Colonization Society.
I am happy to say I succeeded in doing so. and
in a short time had the pleasure of receiving
a protest against that society as an obstruction
to the cause of freedom throughout the world,
signed by Wilberforcc, Buxton, Zachary Ma
caulay, and others of your great friends of the
negro. On arriving in London on that occa
sion I received a very polite invitation from
Mr. Buxton to take breakfast with him, and
on going to his house, and when my name was
announced, Mr. Buxton, instead of coming
forward as I expected he would have done to
give mc his band, paused and .scrutinised me
very carefully from bead to foot, and then said.
<:Ilave 1 the pleasure of addressing Mr. Gar
rison, of Boston, of the United States of
America V I replied, "Yes, sir, I am be. I
have come, in accordance with your kind note,
to take breakfast with you" [a laugh]. Hold
ing up his hands he exclaimed aloud to a large
number of ladies and gentlemen present, ' Why
my dear sir, I thought you wcro a black man,
.? iimm
and I have invited this largo number of ladies
and gentlemen to welcome Mr. Garrison, the
black advocate of emancipation" [cheers, .and
laughter]. That is the only compliment ever.
I had paid to mo which 1 care to rcuicmbej&
during^ic whola^bf j$y adv$jacy ol&maneiptii
tion.Wfj fr g ? $ ';,
The ^following is the priucipal part of the
message of the President concerning the ex
penses of Reconstruction :
In answer to that portion' of the ! resolution
which inquires whether the 'Bum of money
heretofore appropriated?for carrying-these/Acts
into 'effect is' probably Buflhnent, rcforcrieo is
made to the accompanying report of the Secre
tary of War. It will bo seen from that report
that the appropriation of live hundred thousand
[?dollars made iu the Act approved March 30,
1807, for.the purpose of carrying into effect
the "Act to provide for the more efficient gov?
eminent of the rebel States,".passed March 2,
1807, and tfye Act supplementary, passed
March 23. 1807, has already been expended by
the commanders of tho several Military Dis
tricts, and that in addition tho-sum of 31.048,- |
277 is required for prcsont purposes. ?.-?
It is exceedingly, difficult, at the present
tinio, to estimate the probable expense of carry
ing into full effect the two Acts of March last,
and the Rill which passed the two houses of
Congress on the 13th instant. If the existing
Governments of ten States of the Union arc to
be deposed, and tlicir entire machinery is to be
placed under the exclusive control aud authori
ty of the respective District Commanders,-all
the expenditures incident to the administration
of such Governments must necessarily bo in
curred by the Federal Government. It is be- j
licved that in addition to the 82,100,000 al-1
ready expended or estimated for. tho sum which
woidd be required for this purpose would not
be less than fourteen millions of dollars?the
aggregate amount expended prior to the re
bellion, iu the administration of thoir respec
tive Governments by the ten States embraced
iu the provisions of these Acts. This sum
would no doubt be considerably augmented if
the machinery of these Suites is to be operated
by the Federal Government, and would bo
largely increased if the I'uitod States, by abol
ishing the existing State Governments,should
become responsible for liabilities incurred by
them before the rebellion, in laudable efforts to
develop their resources, and in nowise created
for insurrectionary or revolutionary purposes.
The debts of these States, thus legitimately in
curred,5 when accurately ascertained, will, it is
believed, approximate a hundred millions of
dollars, and they are held not only by our own
citizens. Innung whom are residents of portions of
| tili country which have ever remained loyal to
[ the Union. !??< *0 i?crsdi:^ whu are the subjects
of foreign Governments, xt L w"rth^ CP
sidcrati of Congress*and the country wheth
er.- if the Federal Government by its actum,
were to assume such obligations, so large an ad
dition ?o our public ??pcn?rnuTcs WOUW D01
Bcriously impair the credit of the nation ; or,
on the other hand, whether the refusal of Con
gress to guarantee the payment of the debts of
these States, after having displaced or abolished
their State Governments, would not be viewed
as a violation of good faith, aud a repudiation
by the National Legislature of liabilities which
these States had justly and legally incurred.
AX DU FW JOHNSON.
Washington, 1). C. July 15. 18(57.
Another Attack on Fort Wallace-Heavy
Loss Sustained hy the Garr!son?--The
Indian Leader Killed.
Four Wai.i.Ai K; Kansas, Juno 25.?Yes
terday four hundred Indians, the same band
that were driven oft' a few days ago, mado an
other attack on this post. Captain Rorwitz,
with G troop, of 7th Cavalry, went out and
gave the savages battle. At first ho was re
pulsed, but after a despcrato fight succeeded
in driving the red skins away. Out ofjtbrty
eight soldiers who participated in the action
thirteen were killed. Resides this loss in men.
twenty horses wore either killod or captured.
The Indian loss is uncertain, as they carried
off their killed and wounded, but it must have
been large. The Cheyenne chief, Roman
Nose, one of the most'influential Indians on the
plains, is reported slain. All mail eom.uu.ii
eation has been stopped, and I am only al lo io
send this by a special courier. Gen. Wright
is here, waiting for further developments.
The Second Supplementary Act.
The following is the Second Supplementary
act as it passed both Houses of Congress :
An Act supplementary to an act entitled "An
Act to provide for the more efficient govcrn
crniucnt of the rebel States;" passed March
2d, 1S07. and the act supplementary thereto,
passed March 2:>. 1807 :
fie it enacted hy the Senate and House of
licjin sentatircs of the l nitro' Stifte* (,f America
iu Congress assembled. That it is hereby de
clared to have been the true intent and mean
ing of tho act of 2d day March, 1807, entitled
an act te provide for the more efficient govern
ment of the rebel States, and of the acts sup
plementary thereto, passed on the 2!hl day of |
March. lKli7. that the governments then exist
ing in the rebel States of Virginia, North Caro
lina, South Carolina, Georgia. Mississippi,
Alabama, Louisiana. Florida, Texas and Ar
kansas, were nut legal, and that hereafter said
governments, if continued, were State govern
ments continued subject in all respects to the
Military Commanders of the respective dis
tricts and to the paramount authority of Con
gress.
Sk.c. 2. And lie if further enacted, That the
commander of any district named iu said act,
shall have power subject to the disapproval of
^exercising, or professing to hohl or ?xcrcis0w
njiV civil or military office or duty in Ucli au?
1 riot Under any power, ejection, np^O^tuie^tS
ofi^Utijority derived frofy, j?r g^tcttjby, pffi
claimed under, any so-called Stato.or i{hc gov*|
eminent thereof, or any mun*icipnf>or %thcr di
vision thereof, and upon such-suspension or
removal such oommandcr, tsubjeet to the disap
proval of the general as aforesaid, shall have
power to provide from time to time for the per
formance ol" the said duties.of such officerjop
person so Suspended or removed, by'the detail
of some' competent officer or soldier of the
army, or by the appointment of some other
person to perform the samcj and to fill vacan
cies occasioned by death, resignation, or other
wise. ; I '.. i9 ) \"f.
Skc. 3. And be it fur?u-r enacted, That tho
general of tho armies of the United States
shall bo invested with all tho% powers of suspen
sion, removal, appointment, and detail granted
iu the prcceding'scction to District Commnnd
I CrS. .:'? . :- -?* " >f ?
Skc. 4. And be it further enacted, That the
acts of the officers of the nrmy already done
in removing in said districts pcrsous' exercising
the functions of civil officers and appointing
others in their stead are hereby confirmed.;
Provided, That any person heretofore or here
after appointed by any District Commander, to
exercise tho functions of nny civil office, may
be removed cither by the military officer in
commaud of the District or by the general of
the armies of. the United .States; and it shall
be the duty of such Commanders to remove
from office as aforesaid all persons who are dis
loyal to the Government of the United States,
I or who use their official influence iu any man
' ner to hinder, delay, prevent or obstruct the
j due and proper administration of. this act, and
the acts to which it is supplementary. .
Skc. 5. And be it further enacted, That the
Hoards of Registration provided for in the act
entitled '-An act supplementary to all act enti
tled 'An act to provido for the more efficient
government of the rebel States,' passed March '
2. 1807, and to facilitate restoration," passed
March 23, 1867, shall have power, and it shall
be their duty before allowing the registration
of any person, to ascertain, upon such facts orj
information as they can obtain, whether such
person is entitled to be registered under said
act, and the oath required by said act shall not j
be conclusive 'on such question, and no
person shall be registered unless such board
shall decide thnt he is entitled thereto, and
such board shall also' have power to exam
ine under oath (to be administered by any
member of such board) any one touching the
qualification of any person claiming registra
tion. Rut iu every ca*<j of a refusal by the
board to register an applicant; and in every
case of -triking his name from the list as here
I Mi.tfu-i j. .Tl'^'d* the board vhall make a note
' -hicii s*n .'**, Q vetuvued with
or memorancttt .. ,.
i ? ? ? i ?.???vanning
such registration bsts to the in...
J.|eiigral of the district, setting forth tho'
'grouncis of such refused or syich striking from I
the list, provided^ that no person shall be dis
qualified as member of any Hoard of Registra- j
tiou by reason of race or eoBr.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the
true inien: and nicauiiig of the oath, prescribed
in said Supplementary net is (among otljer
things) tint no person who has been a m.uiibor
of the Legislature of any State, or who has
hold any executive or judicial office in any
State, whether ho has taken an oath to support
the Constitution of the United States or not,
aud whether he was holding office at the com
mencement of the rebellion or had held it he
fore, and who was afterwards engaged in in
surrection or rebellion against the United
States, or given aid or comfort to the enemies
thereof, is entitled to bo registered or to vote;
and the words "executive or judicial office in
any State" in said oath mentioned shall be
construed to include all civil offices ercated by
law for the administration of any general law
of a State, or for the administration of justice.
Sec. 7. Ami be it further enacted, That the
time for completing the original registration
provided for in said act may, iu the discretion
of the commander of any district, he extended
to the first day of October, 1867, and the
Hoards of Registration shall have power and
it shall be their duty, commencing fourteen
days prior to any election uudor said act, and
upon reasonable public uotico of the timo nnd
place thereof, to revise, for a poriod of five
days, tho registration lists, and upon being sat
isfied that nny person not entitled thereto has
l>eon registered, to strike tho name of such
person from the list. And such board shall
also, during the same period, add to such regis
try the names of all persons who at that time
possess the qualifications required by said act
who have not been already registered, and no
person shall at any time be entitled to be regis
tered or to vote l>3* reason of any executive
pardon or amnesty for an}' act or thing which,
without such pardon or amnesty, would dis
qualify hiin from registration or voting.
Sec. 8. And be. it further enacted, That
section four of last said named act shall be
construed to authorize tho Commanding Gcuc
rnl named therein, whenever he shall docm it
needful, to roniove any member of a Hoard of
Registration and to appoint another in his stead,
and to fill nny vacancy in such board.
Sec. lb And be if further enacted, That nil
the general of the armies of the United States,
to have effect until disapproved whenever in
the opinion of such commander the proper ad
ministration of said net shall require it. to sus
pend or romovc from offico, or from the per
formance of official duties and the exercise of
official powers, any officer or person holding or
members of said Hoard of Registration, and all
persons henrafter entered or nnpointcd to office
in said military districts, under*any so-eahVd
State or municipal authority, or by detail, or
appointment of tho District Commanders shall
he required to take and Bubscribu the oath
'ni^gffico prescribed by law for offices of the .
ted States.
c. 10. And be it furtlicr. enacted, That no
riet Commander or member of the Board
legi?trntion, or any of the officers or ap
pointees actirlg Under them, shall be bound In
his action by any opinion .of any civil officer of
tho United States.
t ^eq. iV.^And$cyitjty}^f*a
the provisions of this act and the acts to which
this is supplementary, shall be^constrUjOd liber- .
rally to the end thrrt alLtiic/int|nts! 4b>rc/f
may be fully and perfectly carried out.
zjim : ' "r,'i:j
Mrs. Adclicia Acklin has^rcsontcd tho First
Presbyterian Church vf Nashville- with'd bell
wcighiug4000.*r>^und.8j pud costing,8R000.'
Tho First African Church in Bichmond- is ? .
supposed to be tho largest on the continent. .
It has over'4000 names on its record^ and 3000
resident members. . ' ' ' 1
Gen. Old complains of the difficulty ho ex
periences of finding a sufficient number of loy- .
al men in Mississippi qualified to act as reghv
trars. " . *,';?..;? /'-' ?>'?"- ?? ??
Gen. Grant approves a suggestionXrom C jit
Pope that cx-Confcdefates who oppose the Con^
gressiorid lYeconstruction Acts may be regard
cd as violating ^hoir* parole*. '*???. ? ?
The French Government, hearing nothing
from its Mexican Minister since the capture of
tho City of Mexico, is ubout scitdlng a strong
fleet to VoraUrus to protect him or to resent
arty indignities offered him.
Tho- Fourth' of July passed off Very quietly
iu Chicago. Only twelve fires, five murders,
three suicides, half a- dozen robberies, and nine
cases ot rape arc reported., The morals, of
that city must be improving.
The Republican Union-Congressional Com
mittee met in Washington, July 15th, for the
purpose of hearing reports from Southern
Agents, to consider the political situation and
to adopt means to secure . political, dominanco
in that section. ,
Political arrests in 8pain arc niwaj-s mado
on tho largest scale, and-it is therefore not ?
matter of sur]>rise that, in consequence of - a *
rumor of a conspiracy against the life of "tho
Queen, tho Government has at onco~madc.a*bfg
haul of over two thousand persons suspected of
complicity. '??'<<. t T.
The wonderful vitality of the Hebrew race
has never neon more forcibly dcmnnUrated tbani
in the instance of Dwracli. Rom ^itbeaiS,
rank,, forJ,uiio or social position, .bydb?;;"d?eer
J force of iutellect he has ju>united tp tho high
est place in England,#and leads the. juro?dpst
1 nsT ~"",M"-"* aristocracy in the ~.rM into'
V^ftUfflM of I' ftWlu 2$%
test. ' ' ? ; ? '? - ; w >Ut:
The American Consul at Vorn Cruz, under,
date of Juno 28, writes > This State. Depart
ment, and City of Vera Cruz, and-'.Castle ?of\
St. Juan dT'lloa, is in quiot possession of the
Mexican National General Bonaridcs." The
Imperial chiot d foreign troops have cm
barked and loft tho country.
The veto message will probably bo delayed.
Instead of a formal veto and protest on grounds
already argurcd, an elaborate and carefully
prepared State papier will be presented by tho
President:
# ."''* V 'f-.vyj
The oxponscs of tho Indian War, according
to estimates mado at General Grant's head
quarters, arc fully one million dollars a week,
soys a Washington dispatch to tho Boston
Advertiser. The same authority says, in .case
it is dotcrmincd to inaugurate.a vigorous cam-,
paign, expenditures will -soon be needed to
meet the wants of the increased force of about
five millions per week. Thus far, since tho
trouble began, evory Indian killed has "post the*
government one million dollars and tho lives
of about ten whitc'mcn.
CommcncGiucnt of Wofford College.
The entertainments and exercises of the
week commenced on Sunday, with the very"
ablo and eloquent Commencement Sermon * by
the Rev. Dr. Whitcfoord Smith, >i> the- college
chapel, On Monday evening, Prof. James ITc
Carlisle gave his learned aud instructive lec-i
tnrc on tho ''United States Coast ~ SurveysM'
Tuesday cvoning was appropriated .^p a concert
by the young ladies of the Fcmalo C?yegc.
now presided over by the Rev. Dr. Cummings..
The pcrfonuanccs of this musical ontcrtain
incnt gave much satisfaction and assurance of
correct teaching and fine taste.
At 8 o'clock on Wednesday evening, the
capacious Chapol of tho College was. filled
throughout with a largo and- rcspcctotlp audi
ence. The exercises of the occasion commenc
ed by music and a prayer by the Rev. Dr.
Smith. j
J. Adolphus Foster, of Spartnnburg, thens
delivered an oration, the text of which was,.
"A stone that is fit for the wall, is hot left in,
the way "
The next in order, was an oration by John
Wilds Shipp, of Spartanburgj his theme, '-Tho
Land we Loyc." v
The subjects discussed by the orators wttrfc,
different, consequently the notion was different.
Rot') alike, however acquitted themselyqs Wtitb^
much honor. . . ? t
The Rev. Abnev A, .Porter, pastor of tho
Presbyterian Church, of this place, closed the
coercive-, of the pcoaNron by 'the'tfctiX'bty'df
appi-ept?^??^
[CaMina fydWrt/^

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