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The Orangeburg news. [volume] (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1867-1875, August 01, 1874, Image 2

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Official Ptapor or the State and
of ?tfanRfchiirg County.
DSTTlIB orange burg news has
A larger circulation than
ANT other pater in the co un
ty. -"?a
SATURDAY, AUG. 1, 1874.
Hon. Daniel H. Chamberlain
of rich land county.
The Refnsal to Pay Taxes.
Wo publish in another column an
article from the Daily Naos A- Courier.
The wily "bold s?ger boy" who writes
the leaders of that journal don'c crimi
nate himself, much, but ho "outs wi'h
it" anyhow. If troubles should coma
to the poor farmer whoso all is his
"homcBtcad," thin this immaculate
editor can say : "thou canst not say I
did it." But how a man professing to
have tho interest of his adopted State
(for he is an Englishman) and her
people at heart can write such an
orticle is strange to us. Covertly he
>nys it will not bring war. It will not
cause blood shed. It will not bring
down upon them the strong arm of the
Federal Government. Gen. Grant will
violate his oath, disregard the Constitu
tion and break his party pledges just to
allow bis mortal enemies to run riot
over this Stato. The article, and the
communication to which it is an ans
wer, bus saiisGed our mind that w e are
right in our convictions ns to the
real iotont aud purposes of tho Tax
Union?, which the Deffiocraoy are so
strongly endeavoriug to organize in
every Township in each County through
out the State.
We quote from tho communication
referred to :
"Let us analyze this tax question and
the relief suggested by tho proposal to
withhold their payment. Wo refuse to
pay our taxes as individuals, aud at
once the powers that be order a levy'
und sale, supported, if need be, by a
posse eomitatus. Hero come in the
colored militia, thoroughly organizod
and armed all through the State, swift
messengers to do tho bidding of those
in authority. It is useless to talk of
want of ntrve on tho part of ourrulors.
We have been taxed aluiost to death
within four years past with this song
ringing in our cars, "They will not
dure to do it j" and yet, day by day,
they have gleaned from fresh pastures,
and broken every prop that has protect
ed the property of our citizens. They
dare all things here, backed by threo
departments of a government, burning
in their zeal to handle the public funds.
Wrapping the tattered constitution of
tho State about them, aud swearing at
every step to uphold the glorious old
flog, "Bugle Blast of a Robber Band,"
they keep both hands in the treasury.
We arc advised to resist payment of tho
taxes according to tho News and Cour
ier, and Senator Robertson, the attor
nery-genernl and the President. Surely
theec be good advisers, and we dread to
differ with them! Wo combine and
resist the posse. Surelyjiot through
the conrts, creatures of the Governor
and Legislature. That would be a farce
indeed. Then by force of arms ! Col
lision with tho militia, and grant, for
nrgument sake, that we disperse thorn.
Here go tho wires at once demanding
aid from the Preiident to suppress in
surrection and rebellion against law and
order. Mind you, this posae will be tho
legally constituted authority of the
State. When the militia of a State
can't carry out the laws, the constitu
tion puts it upon tho General Govern
ment, and under the law tho President
must interfere. This is about tho theory
and practice sinco tho war. Then
whoro goes tho roraody ? Is not my
statement according to the law and tho
facts? I have no theory in the matter.
If I had, it would go the other way.
Surely if I am right, this is not the way
of escape. I only makon/brmal stale
nient of what lies heavily in the popular
mind. The Tax Unions move slowly.
I am impressed that this isoncle.lt
difficulty. The people, smarting still
Hinder the wounds of the late war, tread
with caution upon ground that seems to
imply a conflict that must in the end
rftaob the Federal Government and com
tnnnd its nld de lege. If wc arc in error
giro us light, and you trill infuse new
vigor into the movement for our rodemp
'?The tax uuious move t lowly. Why !
13ecau.se the principle hat underlies
thorn is rebellion. The mass of the
people kuow it. They havo had enough
of rebellion and fighting tho "powers
that be," aud honcu tho tax unions move
slowly. They teach the nou-paynient
to n Republican Government of the
taxes, which ;s nothing less than rebel
Well, nil w.o liavo to say about it is,
joiu the tax unions who ever may, the
tuxes will coutitmo to bo collected in
this State, and tho poor fools who do
join these unions thinking that tiicy
will avoid the taxlovy thereby,wont havo
our sympathy, for if tho dear-bought
experience of the past wont tcaoh them
to shun the advice of those whose motto
is "rule or ruin," nothing will.
Now wo will look at this matter in
another light. \\ e will bring it direct
ly homo to tho small funnor and land
Suppose you conclude to join the tax
unions, and swear to resist the payment
of the taxes oaly as you maybe advised
is right. "What then? When tho tax
gatherer comes along, and don't receive
the taxe?, the penalties arc put on, exe
cutions issucu, costs attached and then
turned over to tho Sheriff and ho is
ordered to levy on your personal proper
ty, which he uiueI dispose of first before
he can sell your land. Well, bow many
of 3*ou but what have personal property
sufficient to pay your taxes? What uext?
You will resist tho levy by tho sheriff,
ho will call out the posse comitalus
/"???! 1 **??? N **Atl ...M-.cf l?.l?lrtV? to PARA] 1 IAH
pUIMtltl y j Ul. ?...?luv *??, k.UIV.1 .?? . V. UUI I ,
then the President comes in and views
the-situation? result?you pay the tax
es, penalties, costs and all, added, and to
your mortification find, perhaps, as tho
tax payers in Charleston did, that your
advisers preach whnt they don't prac
Certain lawyers ia Charleston went
an d p<iid their taxes and then advised
tho citizens of that city to resist tho
cellootion of theirs, and they would
defend them in tho Courts, of course,
if paid for their services. Rut tho
thing leaked out, and the "stalo lie"
"damn the principle the money is what
wo want" was clearly demonstrated.
Well, your horses and mules, cow.4,
sheep, corn and bacou, put up and sold,
of what value is your homestead to you?
If this does not realize sufficient to pay
your tax, then your laud is sold or for
feited to the Stato. We said in a prcvp
ous article that it was not the land of th o
small land owner, that was forfeited for
non-payment of taxos,but that it was that
of the large laud owner,whosj uncultiva
ted acres lies ns waste places throughout
the country. They havo little personal
property, or keep what they have under
mortgage to cotton brokers in Charles
ton, nni henco their land is levied
on and sold or forfeited to tho Stato .
? In the article copiud from tho News &
Courier, it is said no purchasers will be
found to buy the land offered for sale;
grnntcd, but you totW find purchasers for
your horses and mules, corn and bacon,
and tho time is rapidly npproach
ing when tho State of South Caro
Una wiM provide land and homcit
for tho thousands of poor people iu this
Stato who nro now landless and homo
less. If these parties who havo allowod
their lands to bo forfoitod to tho Stato,
don't como forward and rodeora tho
same by paying the taxes, <fco., assessed
upon them, they will be sold, and sold
on such te^js that purchaser;; n plenty
will bo found to buy them. Do you
doubt it ? What is to prcvont tho
General Assembly from putting those
forfeited lands in tho market, for the
taxes, oost, &e, due on them, en torms
of ten years credit. It would be a good
way to provide homes for tho homeless,
and it is folly to say purchasers wont bo
. %
But we don't a nticipate any suoh a
stato of affairs. Wo are going to eloet
a Governor for the next term who will
havo tho confidence of two-thirds of the
conservative party of this Stato.
Tho taxes will bo collected and tho
samo properly and economically dis
bursed and Recounted for. Presidon t
Graut will stand by tho Republican
party in this Stato and aid tho m in a
just and honent adaiiuistration of affairs
whatever may bo said to tho contrary
notwithstanding. And houce^we don't
believe there will bo any war of races,
wc dou't bclievo thero w ill be auy re
bellion, we dou't believo thcro will be
one drop of blood shod in resistance to
the collcctiou of tho taxes by tho com
ing tax collector. We believe the groat
majority of tho tax payers of this
State have had enough of such advice
as flow from the lips of such harpies as
ruu tho Broad Street newspaper.
The Republican party don't intend to
be seared or blustered into doing any
thing that will give the reins of gov
ernment into tho hands of the bourbon
olemeut of this State, "uot if the Court
knows i'sulf, aud it thinks it do."
With the Hon Daniel II Chamberlain
us our standard bearer, wo fear not the
"dogs of war." Aud Tray, Branch and
Sweetheart can yelp on.
Tho Sun, newspaper, however,
which iu its salutatory proposed to be !
independent, and proves to be a most
rabid democratic prpcr?answers tho
Actes it* Courier's article, aud twits its
brother of shirking the question. Says
that friends a plenty (donas, of course,)
will hasten here f?*om tho Northern
Slates to hlcp them wogo war if--Acces
sary. If war does come the couluctors
of such papers, aud sifters of tax union
rolls, will be very apt to sutler us much
as a people can suffer, and live.
We call attcntiou to the change in
the call for a County Convention, issue 1
by tho County Chairman.
Mr. J. Felder Meyers is the Assistant
Editor of this [paper, and Iiis articles!
will be found under bis edit orial head.
Ho is fully competent, wo bclittvc,. to
take care of himself and holds himself
personally responsible for what* may
emanate from his pen. ArtleloK* Wrrt
ten by the Editor will bo found under
his editorir.l he-id. We hopa this ex
planation will bo satisfactory to cur
readers and causo no delay as to who is
responsible. Wc have a fighting Edi
tor, who will bo found when reqaircl,
who is not responsible for the heads he
may break.
Judgo Thompson II Cookc was in our
Town Thursday last, ou abrief visit.
His Honor was in tho best of health
and on Wednesday evening last deliver
cd otic of his telling speeches in
Cnmdcu, and spoko very highly of the
Hon. C 1) Melton,as b.-inga gojj nun
for Governor.
Gcn'l. J Mims Sullivan of Green
vilit, and the accomplished " editor of
that straight-out radical | paper the
Greenville Republican, complimented us
with a visit on Thursday last. He also
delivered au able aud eloquent address
to his numerous Republican friends i n
Ctimden Wednesday night last. The
Genoral is a whole team within himsolf.
Tho kindly face of our geuial friend
Runklc, Solictor of the Fifth Circuit,
beamed upon us a few days sinco. Ho
paid a brief visit to our Town ou impor
taut business, which he dispatched to
his satisfaction, iu his usual rapid aud
courteous manner.
Wc have received a communication
from Mr. Adam Koitt, in which he an
nounccs himself a candidate for tho low
er house, and says bis fight will bo for
honesty and corn field men, and against
defraudors whom he torms tho Mulatto
As far nB bis opposition to Jdishonosty
goes wo arc with Mr. Koitt, but wo dou't
hold all light oolored mon uro dishonest"
and the principles of our groat party
teach us that wo must mako no distinc
tion on nooount ol raco or color. We
cannot ^insert tho communication this
Tho Piokons Sentinel says: " Pick ens
surely grows more lunatics than any
other county in tho State." Cortainly;
why not? Pickens is a Demooratio
Will our democratic contemporary,on
our right, tell us and its "largest circu
lation" readers of what dishonest actions
Mr. Chamberlain is guilty, and by
what miracle ho cau bo brought 'down
to a level or classed with such a man as
Franklin Isaac Moses, Jr ? Spit it out,
sir. Stop slurs aud insinuations and
come dowu to facts. Wc guarantee to
answer successfully ^cvery ohargo you
make, and do it decently and courteous
That old weather beaten bird, the
Columbia Photnix is bruising its
"sore head' 'ou the shrowdncss displayed
and evident glorious financial success of
its contemporary the Union-Herald.
How wc do knaw on a fire.
Wc have the announcements of
numerous candidates for the lower
brauch of the next General Assembly
lying on our table. They will all
appear in our next issue. We hope
our friends will bear in mind that it
cost each candidate two dollars for his
name to appear as a candidate in this
Our old friend, the Rev. Thoinat
Phillips, it will be seen, is announced in
our columns as a candidate at the com
ing election for School Commissioner o f
this County. Wc don't hesitate to sty,
that Mr. 'Phillips has the confide nee of
the whole people of our County, colored
and white.
We understand that Mr. Christniu
Caldwell has consented to run for * the
lower house. We ha*e heard thit Mr.
Caldwell feels a reluctance to hold office
but that his many frieuds insist on ruu
ning him.
Mr. Paul IS. Jones is also a candidate
for the lower house. Mr. .Tones de
serves a great deal of credit for his sup
port among his people for honesty and
integrity, aud is a rising young man in
the Republican party.
Mr. Alex D. Dantzlcr requests us to
announce him as a candidate for the
lower house.
_ aiim > _ < ^_
Mr. Samuel II. Duucan is a caudi
date for reelection to tho lower houso.
His past record is good.
The Rural Carolinian for August is
before us, and a superb number it is, too.
Its contents aro varied, and can compare
favorably with any agricultural journal
published in the United States. If you
arc a farmer reader, and a son of South
Carolina and don't take the Rural Caro
linian then you are doing yourself, y..ur
stock and your plantation a great act of
injustice. Subscribe for it at once.
Any one article in this number is worth
the subscription price. Send two dol
lars to Walker, Evans & Cogswell,
Charleston, S. C, oud get it.
Clipping* from the Union
Whatpotiik People Ask of a
Newspaper??The subscriber asks
that the newspaper shall have money
enough at its back, so that when he pays
his subscription, he knows that he will
get his paper for tho year.
If there aro several pirties with
means at tho back of tho Union-Herald,
as is complained of by our contempor
aries, is not that exactly what tho
people want ?
Tho advertiser needs a largo circula
tion, and if they will inquire at tho pro
per place, they can be satisfied about
that We nro ready to compare notes,
and yet our subscription is yet nothing
to what it will soon bo. Tho general
publio demand that the paper shall be
full of news, and advocate the cause of
honesty and reform. What paper has
assailed corruption in its own party und
olsewhcre with more vigor', constancy
and effect than tho Union-Herald ? So
far as "pap" is concerned, wo are roady
to go to the record. How could it get
pap when its ovcry issuo attaced tho ad
ministration ? Now, tho Union-HeraUl
has done, with tho past. It is in now
hands, and we invite tho closest sdruti uy
of its conduct.
Watch our smoke, and see if wo do
not mean an honest government. Wo
aro going to have it, too. Mark that 1
REFORM.?Reform what? Reform
the party in power or the ptrty out of
power ? Reform the Republican or
Democratic party ? Why, reform the
party in power, of courso. Well, can
that bo bettor done by those inside or
eutside ? By those inside, of courso.
How cau a man clean out a house by
staying on tho outside ?
The Board of trustees of the Ciafliu
University met at tho Stato House yes
terday moruing, aud elected the Rev.
Dr. Cook, of Wilberham, Mass., as
President, iu place of Dr. Wcb.stor, who
has bought a Gne place in Orangeburg,
and retires to its tlijoyment.
"That dog of yourn flew nt me this
morning and bit me on the leg, and I
notily you that I intend to shoot it the
first timo I seo it." "Tho dog is not
mad." "I know he's not mad. U hat
has lie got to be mado about? It's me
that's mad."
The opposition are 'organizing tbor
oughly all over the State?granges, lax
unions and rifle clubs iu every county.
This means business, and why are the
Republicans quarreling among them
selves instead of organizing ?
Headquarters Union Republican
Party, Rooms State Executive
Columbia, S. C, July 22, 1874.
To ihr Republican Voters of the. State. :
Fellow-Citizens: Tho time will
soon arrive when you will be called up
on, iu the exercise of the elective fran
chise, to express your choice in the
selection of officers who shall administer
the Government of our State during
the next two years. In issuing the call
for the convocation of tho State Convcn
tion of our party, the Exeoutivc Com
mittee deem it proper that they should
state the views with which they aro im
pressed as to the condition of public
affairs in our State, and invoke your
patriotism in securing toSmth Carolina
good government and peaceful adminis
tration It is neither our inte ition to
select individuals for censure, hofr to
unjustly or unfairly discrimin ite bo
tween those who, in any department of
our Government, have rendered thoni -
selves amenable to just criticism. That
the pledges given to the people in our
party platform of 1S72 have not been
fully redeemed - aud thai, in many
instances, souud policy his bom disci- ?
ed aud reckless extravagance mmilos
ted, we cannot deny. What causes have
led to our present condition may not be
herein discussed. It is sufficient that
wc should all recognize the fact that our
Government needs reform?thorough
loform and purification. The attention
of the country has been called to South
Caroliua ; tho American people demand
that mal administration shall c.:a<o and
good govcrumcut be at once iuaugura
ted ; the national Republican party
admonishes us to at once retrace our
steps, and vindicate, by our action, the
integrity of Republicanism; while the
national Government insists that contri
tion for past errors cannot be consider
ed unless accompanied by the selection
of public officers whose characters will
bo a guaranty of elevated and enlighten
cd statesmanship in the future.
The Exeiutivo Committee would
make no race distinctions, but it cannot
longer be denied, and it would be oritni
nal longer to withhold the facts, that
tho present condition of affairs in our
State is mado chargeable to tho colored
race, who rcprescut not only the great
bulk of Republicans here, but who
constitute the majority of its citizens .
Tho duty nud responsibility of redeem
ing tho Stato from obloquy and disgrace
of restoring the public confidence; of
building up her credit and of saving her
from utter and complete aonihilution,
rest peculiarly upon the shoulders of
that race. This duty they cannot evado
?this responsibility thoy oann ot es
Fellow-RepubPcans of every raoe?
and of tho colorod raoe, moro particular,
ly?we appeal to you to aid us in every
honest effort to redeem our party pled
ges, and to vindicate the wisdom of that
bctiifiecnt, policy which transformed
4,000,000 of human beings from tho
condition of chattel sluvos to tho proud
position of American freemen, and has
made tho ^rights of all citizens national
rathor than sectional. Wo solemnly
invoko you to raiso to the full height of
your responsibilities. Wo implore you
to send to your State, Congressional and
county conventions your best men?men
of patriotism and iutolligenco?men
who act justly because thoy love Jua
tieo and do right because thoy lore the
Hight. Wo ? would ask you to correct
the evils that may exist, through your
parly organization. Charge not upoq
the Republican party the acts of thosa
officers who may have proved faithless
to tho principles of^that great party, ai
woll as to you. That tho mission of the
party is not yet accomplished, listen,
follow citizens, to the Union Republican
Congressional Committoo in their ad
dress to tho poople of tho United
States :
"It is sometimes said the mission of
the Republican party is accomplished.
If by that no more is meant than that
tho party has discharged every trust
heretofore committed to it, wo admit i;.
It has bcon thought whon one was found
faithful over a few things that was a
good reason for trusting him with many
more things ! Can you do better than
be instructed by suoh an example?
Kspocinlly since you must employ either
the party which you say has fulfilled
every trust, or employ that only other
party which has betrayed overy trust.
"Tho occasion for political effort has
not passed. American progress is not
ended. Uother labors lie before you,
lighter perhaps, but not light.
You havo to see that what is done
shall not be undone. Republicanism
offers you tho best security against
"2 You have *c <sco that tho work of
reform goes forward. Threo great
labors demand your present considera
"The fourteenth aravid:nont to the
Constitution h not yet enforced by
"appropriate legislation." Millions of
American citizens are denied oven tho
common law rights of locomotion be
cause they are black. If such wrongs
are to be redressed, tho Republican
party alone can do it."
In conclusion, fellow-citizens, in tho
language of that committee, "if you
cherish the deeds of the recent past, and
would not see them undone ; if you ro
spect the present, and would not'dis
grace it; or, if you have hope of tho
future, and would realize that hope,"
we urge you to send to your conven
tions, and place in the public offices
none but intelligent, patriotic, unsolfish
and true and tried Republic ms.
Relying with confidence upon your
devotion to the principles of our party,
and above and beyond all, firmly believ
ing, as wc do, that you love your State,
we look to you for the redemption of our
We are, respeetfully, your obedient
servants and fellow-citizens,
Rohf.rt B Elliott, President.
J J.Nf.aot.f., Vice-President.
W B N.YRif,
II C Worthinivtox,
K W M1 Mackt:y,
C D Hayxe.
C B Meltox,
AVilson Cook,
J F EX80R,
M R Dklany,
J II Kaixey.
Campaign Openei.
O hash Kilian; Coi'mtv,
July 23th, 1874.
and the election of'DELEGATES from each
precinct to meet in said CONVENTION to
nominate DELEGATES to meet the Stato
CONVENTION In Columbia oii tfie Btfc of
September next Is modified as follows, viz.:
vene at this plaoe at 12 M., on Thursday,
10th day of August 1874.
Tho DELEGATES eloctcd on Satur
day 1st of August will be eleoted to servo
until the 8th day of September 1874-^in
Ktead of for two years, as stated in the
orignal call.
County Chairman.
Mr. Editor:?You will please announce
the Rov. THOMAS TIIILLIPS a Candidate
fi r .' dioo: Commissioner for the next term,
bubjeet te the action ?f the nominating
August 1st, 1874.
Mr. Editor:?Please announce Capt., G. A
J. JAMISON, of the Fork, a Candidate focj|
the next Legislature, at tho Comnig clcctiornjjf
and oblige,
For the Lcgisltttnr?. ^
Mr. Editor .'?Please announce Judge B.
G. FREDiCK, of the Fork, a Candidate for
the Legislature at the coming election and
Road Notice.
Notice is hereby given that in threo
months frem this date, tho Board of County
Commissioners will appoint Special Com.
raissioners to Lay Out and Open a Public
Road, lending from Howe's Pump Westward
to the Orangeburg and Charleston Road,
near tho plantation of John S. Bowman,
unless in the meantime causo be shown to
the oontrary.
By ordr.r of the Board.
C. C. Com'ro.
County Commissioners Office, May , *tv
71.-0 3m.

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