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VOL. 111.] WINNSBORO, S. C., T SDAY, JUNE 1, 1866. NO. 6o.
TilB TRI-WHE Y N9WS, 18 ft'OLIsHED EVERY TUE8DA TIiUAs bAY AND sArURDAYp. 4fGaillard, Deepor.es & Oo. lit Winitsboro,' S. a., at $6.00 per an tnitn, in advance. THE FAIRFINLD 11ECIALD, IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORN ING, AT $3.00 PER ANNUM. [roa tu NSWO.] GIVE ME A SEASID8 ROME. o give me .4144e by the bright blue sea, Where t 'wavei laugh with' careless lgi Let the y-eighing night-winds lull me to sleep, ?4y slumbers .e roueed by the voice of the ,deep. - 4 o give me ai whore the billows moan, I love it-I love it-that sad, sweet tone; 'Tis a general dirge o'er a boundless ton-b, Unmarked by aught save the sea-flow'rets bloom. .III Jaet me list to the wetds of the wild waves song, For It speaks of life-of a busy throng Of-a heart with its storms of joy and woe Of a soul at peace, and of "long ago." IV It reminds me, too, of a faithful band In their mission of love on a heathen strand; And it whispers then of a mother's grave Iu a sea-girt, Isle near Pacifio's wave. V The past floats on the murmuring tide, Mournfilly-sadly-the blue water, glide; They speak of earth's greatness as perish ing lore Of rock-bound Helena and Elba's bright shore. VI Elba, the prison of warier brave St. Helena where once steod t#e lonely grave Of monarch before whom all monarch's had kneeled - The poor vanquished hero of Waterloo's flald. - - .VII Whether sadness or gladness flow o'er the heart, The wavelets and billows seem bearing a part; Our hopes and our fears-our longings for rest eem each to And echo In Oean's warm breast. TIII Where moonlight, ad starlight and sun light, so fair, Weave mantles of beauty for Ocean to Wear; Where lightnings form garlands to dock the bright Sea. O there Is the beautiful home for ine. November, 1864. PaYIT. Home-4red Proverbs, The "sayings" of Josh,Billings recent ly publislied, contains sonme true home bred proverbs, wrhich, although expreas ed in a dialect and style that we hold in abomination, still are worth reading. [ We prefer to change the dia-lect.--EDs. News] We give. a few of them,:: I argue in this wa7, if a nwan is right he can't be too radical; if he is wrong he can't be top contservative. It is highly imporl!ant, when 'a man makes up his vnind Wa beome a rascali, that he should examine himelf closely, and see if he ain't better constructed tor a fool. if there was nothiing( but trath in this world, a fool would sftad just as good a chance as a wile male.. When a follow' gts' a going clown hill, it does seem as thewgh every thing ~-had been greased for the occasion. There are a greatimultitude-of individ u als who are likeblind mules, anxious enough to kick, but can't tell where. .-"Liarge bodies move slow," this ee proverb don't apply to lies, for the big ger they are the faister they go. There ii 2 thitgs in this life for which we are never fully prepared, and that is twins. Marrying~ for loie may be a' little ikybuitis vy oe Weare apt to hate them wlib' won't take:our advise, and despisf-hem who do. Genunn-proverbe are likre good cat brie neede,-short,,sharp ad shiny. If you want to'geu a sure crop, aad a big yield for the seed', sow wilds oats. Uoms 4f tlsea1eioa tre roeniv0 fswn others is not much the evidence of tneir affection for us, as it is an evidence of their affoction for themselves. "Honesty is the best policy," but don't take my word for it, try it. Gravity is very often mistaken for wisdom, but there is as much difference as there is between a guide board and the man who made it. What a mah spends in this life, he saves; what he don't get, want meant for him, and what he saves lie looses. Wise men don't expect to do away with the vicissitudes of life, they only ex pect to blunt the edge of them. The principle difference between a luxury and a necessary is the price. Rise early, work hard and late, live on what you can't sell, give nothing away, and if you don't rich. and go to the devil, you may sue me for damages. N. B.-The above remarks are not intended as personal. Real happiness don't consist so much in what a man dop't.have, as it does in what he don't want. A man running for office puts me in mind of a dog that't lost-he smells of everybody he meets and wags himself all over. It is dreadful easy to be a fool-a man can be one and not know it. The ValUe of a Bit of Knowledge In the course of our miscellaneous reading, we came across the following good story, which illustrates the value of a bit of practical information, when applied at the right time: In the Plaza before St. Peter's, at Rome, stands the most beautiful obelisk in the world. It was bronght from the circus of Nero, where it had lain buried for many ages. It was one entire piece of Egyptian marble, 72 feet high 12 feet square at the base, and 8 feet 8* re tons, an supposed to be 3000 years old, A pedestal 30 feet high, was built for its reception, and the obelisiv brought to its base. Many were the ingenious con trivances prepared for the raising of it to its last resting place, all of which ex cited the deepess interest among the peop%. At length everything was in readi ness, and a day appointed for the great event. A great multitirde assembled to witness the ceremony; and the Pope, afraid that the clamor of the people might distract the attention of the- ar chilect, issued an edict containing reg ulations to be kept, and imposing the seve'rest penalties on any one who should during the lifting of the gigantic stone, uttef a word. Amidst suppressed ex citeMnent of feelings and breathless si lenc%,a the splendid monument was grad ually raised to within a few inches of the top of the pedestal, when its upward inotion, ceased; it hung suspended, and could be-got no- further;: the tackle was too slack, and there seemed to' be no other way than to undo the great work afready accomplished. The an noyed afehitect in his perplerity, oardly knew low to dot,while the silent people were anxiously witehing every motion ,of his features to discover hbw the pro. blem w,)uld be solved. -in the crowd was an old British sail or; he sa* the difficalty and how to overcome it, and with stentoriaf lungi; he shouted, "Wet the ropesl The vigilant pollt-e pounced' on the culprit ani lodged him in prison; the .ar chitect, caught the magic words, he pt$ his propititi4n in force, atid the cheMt bf the people proclaimed the sucess of the greatundertaking. Next day the Brit. tish criminal was solemnly arraigned be. fbre his Holiness; his crime was unde niably proved, and thp Pope in solemn language pronounco hik sentence to be --that he should rceive a pension an nula1y duing his life-time. These little facts stbred up from, 'b. servation, can never do the owner any harm, and may some day be of great utility; and this story only proves the value of remembering small things as well as great oneb, for there is nothing that is too insigniacant for man to. knowe and there is doa knQwledge thaet has no~ itt us. A g&eto cola in' $9ndon' geckcea' a .ildtindeath %jriculf al Questions -to rmers. In view of the gre and general in terest on the pendin.g :periment with freedmen's labor and e necessity for authentic information the full devel opment of the labor an esources of this State and other State. n a like condi. tion, we earuestly ren . for the JraldI brief reports of facts , 1 observations from frarmers and plan s or overseers or managers of plant one or farms. Friends of the Hlcrahld e roquested to answer this request in inee, and from time to time, or to call tterition to the subject from friends pra cally interest ed and willing and able o give answers on any poimt. Attention and early -eplies are spe cially regnested for the following quer ries which, for brevity Ad convenience, may be designated by 1. numbers as herewith given: . low much land inve you plant ed, and how much in <niparison vith 1860, the year before tli war? 2. How much in coton, corn, and other crop.? 3. 'low many of th se formerly ser vants have accepted mlplolYment as freedmen laborers un4er the former employers? 4. What is the supl .y of labor; and what measures are nee-d or proposed to increase and regulate it? 5. What changes o conditions of contract or cngagement would you pro pose in view of actuil ecperience ? 6. What new staples of culture, pro cesses of culture, implements, utensils, or machines for farm use, or field use, or garden use, or household economy, have you tried and approved since 1830 ? These -questions coulA be increased And extend.d, but we oi wish to enl ifformation and benefit, und prevent, as far as we can, the undue influnce of re ports originating from selfish or specula. tive motives. We respectfully invite tha attention of district exchanges to tho importance of general and systematic efforts to pro cure the information which would be given by general answers to such ques. tions as we have- given as hints and di. rections for inquiry and observation. Nails in Fruit Trees, A singular fact, and one worthy of being recorded, was mentioned to us a few (lays shice, by M1 r. Alexander Duke, of Albermarle. He stated th-it whilst on a visit to a neighbor, his attention Was called to a large peach orchard, every tree in which was totally destroy. ed by the ravages of the worms with the exceptions of three, and these were the most thrifty and flourishing peach trees he evet saw. The only cause of their superiority known to his host was an experiment made in consequence of ob. serving that those parts of worm eaten timber into which nails have been driv en, were generally sound. When his trees were aboutr a year old, he had selecLed three'of them, and driven a ten. penny nail through tho boiy, as near the ground as possible. Whilst the balance of the orchard had gradually failed, and finally yielded to the ravages of the worms'r these three trees, selected at random, teteated precisely in' the same manner, with, the exception of the nail. ing,- had always beenvigorous and heafthy, furnishing him- at that very po. riod with' the. greatest proftibin of the most lucious fruit.. It>is supbsed that the salt of iron furniished by the nail is offensive to the worm;.whilst' it is harm. less, or perhaps be nefleial to'the tree. A chemical writer on this subject says: "The oxydation, of' rusting of the iron by the sap evolves' ammofina, which as the .sap rises, wdl'of cotirse impregnate every part of the foliage, aidd prove too severe a dose for the delicate palate of insects. This writer recommenda cMvinig half a dozen nails into the trunk. Shveral experiments of the kind have resulted successinlly. -Southern Planter, APiTtsbuglThas in iis pea Ma~eign ther cork log eqptirred from Santa Anna in the Mexidan war, issa~id to have deqided to reture it to the old soldiei mENTILATP. YOUR CHILIDRN's RooMS. -Most parents, before retiring to ,r6st, nake it a duty to visit the sleepin room if their children. They do so in order o he satisfied that the lights aro extin ,uisihed, and that no danger is tfireaten ng their little ones. But if they leavo he room with closed windows and loors they are as great an enemy as fire, dlthough his ravags may not h so readily, detected. Poison is there, slow Jut deadly. Morining after morning do many little ,hildren wake weary, fretful, and op. p)ressd. "What can it mean ?" What rnn i. he ?" the mother cries. In despair she has recourse to medicine. The co,.ti tution becomes enfeebled, and the cad gets worse. The cause, perhaps, is never tr-ac' to overcrowded sleeping-rooms witLho-t p.r)per air, but it is neverthel-ss the riglt one. An intelligent. mother vav ig acquIain'0d lierself r with the pri i pIles of ventilation, will not retire to Iur own r4m(1111 for the night without. having provided suticiency of air for her chil. dreun, in tire same manner that she pro vides and re.gtilates their night covering, or atny otler, requisite for refreshmgi smber. Sometiies by jidiciously lowering a window, and at others times by leaving a door wide open, this end may be attained. In many i:mses the day and night nurseries communicate. When this is the case, the window of the further room should be left open, and tie doors between the rooms likewise open. iven in sovere weather young children can bear this arrangement if they are not exposed to a direct draught. VoMie R"rale states that, from recnilt experiments maudo by a French farmer, it appears that the last milk drawi from a cow contains ten times more creAm anld butter than tho first milk. [Hence it follows that if, after drawing eight or ten litrei of milk from a cow, the opera tion is stopped, and about a litre left in the dugs, nearly one halfof the cieam is lost. Tie best way of making butter according to the same authority, is to piour cream into a linen bag, then to tie it up and putt it iinto a hole dug in the ground, which is afterwards covered with earth. There it must remain for twenty-live hours; after which, on being taken out, the cream is' found to haive become quite hard. It is then crushed in a mortar with a wooden pestle, hal a glass of water being add.-d to separati the butter, an operation which does not last t wo minutes. No other system of making butter is now employed either in Normandy or the Berry; for there r.ot only is a saving of tinie and labor, bult. n larger quantity of butter is got out. , the cr,-am, and its quality is excellent Some people put the first bag into a second one, in order to avoid brin ging, the earth too ciosoly into contact with 'br. tter. St.vEF tO WHiTF, CAKE.-The whites of four eggs, I bree cups of flour, one and a half cups white sugar, half a cup butter, half a cip sweet, milk, one tea-spoonful eream of tartar, hall a ten spoonful soda. flavor with extract. ol almonds. Beat the eggs to a froth then rub the sugar and the butter to getlher, and add the eggs last.-An Olh IRou1sekeeper. WHOOPINo-COUGHI RERD~Y.--Ben. zinc is highly recometided by some per sons who have tried it. fomr the cure o whooping-cough. It is given irn dose. of three to five drops, in a little sweet enedl water, t.hree times a day. It i. also beneficial to the patienit to inhah tho odor, as it has also been founid to b. to inhale the odor of petroheum r-efine ries. Milton was asked :"TTowv is it, thma in some countries a King is allowed t< take his place on the thiron6 at fetr teen years of age, but may-not matr until he is eighteen ?"-Because,i the poet, "it is etasier to gov-.. .t kIngdom than a womami" ADVrltjISlNG RATES. Ordinary advertisementa, oocupying not more than ten lines. (one square,) will .be inserted in TIlE NEWS. at $1.00 for the first insertiou and fifty cents for each sub sequent. insertion. Larger advertisements, when no contract is made, will be dharged In ekA"t propor tion. For announcing a candidate to any, ofte of profit, honor or trust, $10.00. 0 Marriage, Otuary Notices, &c., will be charged the same as -adtortiseatents, when over ten lines, and xiist be paid for vhen handed in, or they will not appoar. J4'(RTITUDF IN MISFoRTUNr.-It is the peculiar province of true philsophy to teach mankind a dignified end quiet resignation to every species f -calamity which cannOt be ameliQrt'd by .htman exertion. FortittI4 in sfotuneis,a spectacle of singulai and haipreisive sub limity. It elevates the -tnfot'unate to the sympathies of the angels, and con strains the admiration and esteein of the highest and holiest of earth. Marius was far greater when sitting calmly and Iconiquered amidst the ruins of Car. thage,tthati when leading the cagled ar miieso f the mistress of the world. To strugglo and to endure has over been the destiny of man. To the citizen of the South-to the gentleman whose life until recentyi was but an illustration of opulence ani domestic ease, the spoili-. aLion and ravages consequent upon the lato sanguinary war are id4eed disastrous, but by no means remedil4ss. It is unmanly to surrender with6bt , an effort to triumph. The loss of the slave had been felt, and deeply felt, by t6bu sands of the best families in America long before his general enmncipation, and yet they were not necessarily de graded, or rendered hopelessly indigent. It is true, very trite that, those Oho, under any circumstances were redeed frotm afluence to poverty,either absolitte or comparat.ive, were regarded by par venues and fools as having compromi-ed their claim to elegant recogmtion or high social position; but those whose opinoi the educated and the honorable ete*eid, thlDught otherwise. Slavery is not in dispensable to personal independence and happiness: it never Was-it never can he. Those of us residing in this re gion of North-Carolina have lost pat little, the negro excepted, and whether his loss is not an advantage ionaihs to be learned from the futnre. There is t,umue, so far as we can aiecover, nt) insurmountable cause for depondency, to say nothing of despair, in the present aspect of our affitirs. A rainbow, bril. liant and beautiful, ltas sprung from the dark and desolating tempest, which swept in blood and devastation ovoi our country, and promises fea& and prosperity to the indudtrious and good, the economical and wise.-Louiburg' Eagle. Antn:s oF OTUiEt DAYs.-The' la:gest army ever assenmbled at any one time dtiring the Revolution wAs that commanded by General Pttnnni, on Long Island. That numbered sen teen thousand men of all arms. The next was that w'ith which Washington captured Conwallis at Yorktown, when' he had sixteen thousand. Our largest army assembled in 1812 *as command ed by Andrew Jackson at New Oren, and counted about .six tbousantd. Cornn ing dlown to thte Mexican. army, TQylpr won his victories wit.h a force' nd ofe ex cee-ding five thousand, and Scott's larg. est force was not beyond eight thousand' five huntdred. The largest army; prior to the rebellion, was, .thterefore, that of Puteanm, nt Long Island--seynteep. thousand men. hlow To CARP. FRa THER HAI.-As t(o men,. we say, when the htair begins .to ft,)l OitD the best plan ie to has e it cut short, gIte- it'. a good braishing with a moderateTy stiff" b,ru,sh, while the halte,dry, then' wash It well with warmi soap suds, thein rub over the scalp, about the roots of the hair, a litle bay rum, brandy, er camphois--atetN Do these things twice a monith.s4l brushing Sf the scalp may hae dono twjce'a week. Damp' the halr with watedeMy -tinth teiWes made. Nothing-over alade''tter fof tis. htaitr that pure soft water, if the so'alp is kept clean in the''*ay weltare nattahd. FThe use qf gihi,of pomtatems, or grease of any kind, is rtinom to the hair of myn, QE woman. We* consider ft. a Alth' pr*ioq abnest universal though it. bIt fb:lttgMth. ers dluet and dirt,. and1 soils WM gYW t touchtets Nothing.lnt pui-e soft *atetsbatlg e ver be allowed on the heodt' of el4 ren, 1t is a different practice that rtibs on wo men-of r heir prnir;-th'o hair dfoltr d 'tigh ters shaould be kep:t within two'indbhr-untiE their twelfth year.--Ii's Jomrn.5 ffJ/Beulk In the course of an invegti ition ity . New Ydifk; kn Saturday', it.'eWoat ,that thme practice was coittib9oefu [ igar mannfacturers to put An*ten Scigars into botes bearing Spatnishl niks and l tem as imported gooder