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Tpursday Morning, July 11, 1866. T. P. S,DER, Esq., is te sole agent for this pap6r in Charlestou S. C. The Press agd the Convedtid. The call for a NItional Union Con. vention is creating quite a stir s1mong the members of the Press, some for and some against it. We believe for ourselves that Southern delegates to that Convention will . be "snubbed," that is, all who truly represent the South. It is better for us to stay out of that Convention, Impressions In the Court Room, The affability and vrbanity of the Chancellor presiding are to the gentle mon at the Bar a sure passport to the most satisfactory relations in legal pro ceedings. Easy without familiarity, and dignified without studied forniali ty, he wins the esteeni of all who ap proach. him, and unconsciously con mands their respect. Highly culti vated in intellect, and having well. developed analytical powers of mind, and a quick sense of justice and right lie is well calculated to sit Asi judg< and jury in disputed cases betweer man and man. One of his strong mental applications is undoubtedly the fondness for laying proof along side of proof; for obtaining every pos sible point in proof upol both sides, and then comparing proof with proof -and argument with argument, and then placing one against the other in th scale of justice, marking with exact ness on whosb side the balance of thi weight should fall. There is one fea t ire in which'hig Honor the Chancelloi leans as it were pec,uliarly upon th counsellors at the Bar, It is 'thei reference to eases as precedents ii Law o Equity. Such references ar one forcible in its bearing upo*ni case in point, for his Honor will thor oughly sift every such reference to see how in what way and to what extent it erves to support the case to whosc tid it is called. It is true every one should do thi who occupies a similar position ; but it is not true that every one does. It ii only to those who do this that others look as a guide in their decisions. It is to men of different minds from this that are due those "loose" decisions which wore refdrred to on Tuinsday last in one of the counsellor's argu. ments. But we have extended this part (i our impressions further than we in. tended. We are giving only impres. aions, and such are those made en oum mind, upon seeing the Chanpellor fox the first time. Another impression was that the phrase "gone up the spout" has beem legalized. Our able legal practition 'irs b'vo miopted it, not however.in all pt j ,r buit in an abbreviated style, "W u" ma~y now be properly used to express all final depal-turcs of per sonal and real estate, and especially all that-departed during and with the war. But another impression wtas the pe. olar effect produced aji the-sighit of some memento of the Confedergmey, that Is seome o0feial representative of that defunct organism. It is well known that to recall' to anf individual any cherished but defeated geheme in his past life, is'to provoke a faint and sickly smile. And it is just the same with communities and -cotttries. S onTedylast wheyi 'ocasion hundred dollars in Confederat, bends should be producpd as mute witnesses in the trial, that pitiful buadle of pa per oroited that same-species of smile. And so will suoh-lo so long as the re, suit of the "situation" it represents .ividly imnpressed upon our re is5 an instinciem :.i to see it out of the way; not because we weTe ashamed of it then;' nor be cause we are now ashaied of what it once represontod, but ))ecause. it re minds us of defeat in a cherished plan. But we have said enough,though not all our wui lipressions in the Court, Room. An Eventful Year. 1866 will stand upon the record as one- of the most eventful years. The mad passions of men for nearly six years swept like a bosom of destruc tion over this once free and happy land. This year the elements as if furious with wrath that puny man should attempt to rival them in pow er, have burst upon the land in fright ful rage. Hail storms and hurricanes, floods and fires, have raged, roared, dashed and howled in wild revelry throughout the land. But there is behind this a record us black as Ere bus. Not a mail has reached us for months which has not brought account of dark bloody deeds of murder. If the record in this particular for the first four months were emblazoned upon the blue skibs in living fire, a world would start aghast at the exhi bition. Nor have those who scorched our very souls with the bitterest and hot test draught from the springs of dire. ful war, escaped the consequences of their wrath. Portland, Maine, by last accounts is laid in ashes. Whe the hostile fleets lay off Charleston in Doceiber, 1891, and revelled in hide. ous carousals over the destruction 01 our city,-we blamed them. Let n not condemn ourselves. But if retri bfttion follows them, let us only watel and be amazed. Court of Equity. This Court which convened on Mon day continues. Many important cus es have been brought up, and arguec with ability. One-thatw6 heard wa vested by them in Confederate securi ties. We do not look upon this case i. important specifically in its bearing up on others as a, precedont, for each ease always and overywhere, where justici and equity prevail, will rest, upon it i own merits, But it is important as !how ing the absolute justice in holding v fiduciary responsible to any degree A decree for the complainant would show at least that the worst conse quences of the late war would not re lease a guardian from his liability of the full value of the original amount entrusted to him before the war. Late Papers. We are indebted to our young friend, WI.LAm AIKEN, for late Bal, timore, Washington and Richmond pa, pers. Among the items in thme Washingtor Evening Star we find one that BEAURE, GARD has joined tihe Italian Army. We gather too that the Europear War has opened in dead earnest. Th< IHanoverian army had surrenderdl t< the Prussians.. The Prussians are using a new gnu called the needle gun. With thih they repulsed the Aujitrian huzzars. Cati any one give us a description of this gun ? [FoR TiHnNs.) MR. EDITOR : last week. I endeav ored to answer the first three of your "Questions to Farmers." It is my purpose in this communication to proced with4hle same general subject. You ask, 4th. '"What is the supply of ihbor ad what measures are needed or pro e, .d to increase and regnlate it V" kn the beginning of the year It was thodght that the demand for labor wsnjd net be met. ' We often heard the remark "none pfthe women intend to work in the fidld," as ,indioating that there would not be enough of field labor. But that theo 'upply is nj miht be infrrd fromthe fact that the dematd hos been met that it is'not too great is evident from tho,fact that none are unsuccessfully looking for employment. Yet the do mand has been lesm than before the war for some of the farms have not yet been fully stookea with horses and mules with which to employ the usual. .uumber of laboreis, and the retire ment of some of the females from the field has about kept supply and de mand in equilibriu. This being trn it must be admitted that tohe supply of agricultural labor is either too limited for the prosperity of the country now, or It was unnecessarily large in form years. I take the ground that it was -too great before by at least one-fourth, because one-fourth of the land culti vated did not produco more than com pensation for the wear and tear of tools employed in the culture, but was worked simply because the labor could b.c furnished, and "it made a little." To pursue this further at present, would draw me from the question in hand. Suppose one-fourth of the la borers formerly employed in agricul ture are withdrawn from it,the country is not necessarily poorer for the least productive lands are those abandoned and, other things being equal, those cultivated will produce as much as all did before, minus an alnost infinitely small fraction, and the labor that pro duced this fraction could be more pro fitably employed. With the past system of' labor, one in which the reward was fix ed. let the success be what it. might, this country could not, without retrenchmnent in some quarter, have supp,ortod a much greater population, nor . the same for any great lengh of tini ; but with a laboring pop lation ct).xcated in the habits of an industry ; stimulated by hope of the full reward o f its success, and by' fear 9 the const )queneo of its failure, orof /dleness, it could once have supported and perh ips coulO1 yet Vion ts Wid 1W y ToiiW~iol. An inmmigrant laboring population of these hal,'ts sub-ituted for the freed m1n, would in de time effiect this re sult ; and so far as sibstituted for them, or introduced in addition, would create a tendency :in that dire tioun. The intro'luction Oi such labor ers might be encouraged in two ways, 1st. Persons possessinj large quan titiesof land, whiich th ey are eith er unable or disinclined to use, might propose to rent or l.ease, in quai tities of fifty, one hundred or two hun drod acres, to such immigrants as would diligently and 'earefually culti vate them, until they woiuld be able to purchase them and permanently settle in tho country. 2n. Soai'eties of prudent, ehagacious, and patriotic mn.might do mnuch, by ascertaining the wants of the country, and collecting all useful information and pl,acing it before such amnight de sire to emigrate with a view to. a more sucdessful exertion sof their, indusitry. The supply of useful labor~ might, in one or tihe other, or in both of these ways be increased. The bhst regula tor of. the supply is the pem manent in terest of the laboring people In the country. CivEs. July 7, 1860. MnIaRs. EDITOns:The attpntion of the publie has been elled t4the high charges and the wz~ t of accommoda tion of the Railroni s. This is proper, bi the itax which is enacted in Charle:st fro~m all those whose goods pass hronkh that city should also be notic d. A firm received iil of rope from New York lately. ~he freight to. Charleston and the e~ to Winbeboro amounted to $2.25. The expenses I,n Cha.rleston however, arayage, wharf.. Age and forwar# m commissions .amounted to $1.14 jeing more than 1 half of all the other Ixpenses to this I r,lace. /M [FOR THE NEWS.] Philosophy.1 MERCHANT-What do yout want for >1ackberrics. F. B.-I'll take a fish. 3IERCHANT-Tho fish is worth more han the blackberries. You will %herefore have to pay five cents more lo get the fish. F. H.-Ugh! I in't got no money. If I had I woulden't-a-bring the black berries., From Washington. WASHINoTON, July 9.-The Presi. dent is much indisposed to.day, and was compelled to dechne receiving visitors. The hot weather is too exhausting even for a vigorous constitution. A Marine Gnard has been sent to Portland by order of the Secretary of the Navy to aid in protecting the city from thi'eves that have gathered there. They were sent at the citizens reques). The Senate to-day passed the Army Bill reported by Wilson. The House passed Schenck's Army bill, which will necessitate a Conference Committee. The memorial of the New York Chamber of Commerce, protesting against the passage of the Tariff bill, was prNented to the House and refer. red. The Tariff Bill, was again considered and vaiious sections adopted by the House. One amendment - adopted was to suspend the-collection of so much di rect tax imposed by the Act of 1861, as is uncollected, until January, 1868. Mr. Moriill said lie considered this one of the best measures of reconstrte tion. The Tariff Bill was reporied from the Committee to t.le House with many amendmnts- A motion was made to recoitnit to tle Committee of Wavs. and Meai;i, and another motion was made to postpone the consideration of ivvic (e1~o Iqejoirne(f in the 0House to-day Mr. McChng from th,, CO'1ilittee on Election,, in the cIQe of Koontz, who contests the seat of Coff. roth, of Pa., reported Coffroth not enti tied to a sent, and Koon'z was laid over for considera tion. Gen. Sickles will he inslructed bythe President to obey the writ of habeas 0orpis, which Ie had rafrnsed to comply with in the case of Stowers and othei, confined at Castle Pinokuny, Charle,on harbor, charg4d with murder. Gov. Hamilton 'and others, of Texas, have issued an address to those styled Siuthern loyalists to .meet 'here in Sep tember. The projectors of this scheme are in the interests of the radicals. Repiblican Senators and Repiesenta. tives meeoin caucus to morrow night, looking after their party interests, as well as legislative matters. There is scarcely a doubt the Presi dent will veto the Freedmen's Bureau bill. ,Important from Cuba, BATIoaRE, July 9.--By the arrival of the steam ship Cuba from Havana on the 4th, important news, .if true, i4 me ported through private sources, A revolt occurred neariPorto rkinoipe, the insurigents declaring for independence. Troops were sent against them and a skirmish took plaCe. Several companies of troops went. over to the Insurgents, who afterwards proceeded to the'mnouni tains. It is further runlored . iaat four' steamers bea rir9g the Chilian fleg, limded np wards of 2,000 troops on the 'Island and effected a junction with 'the revolu. tionists. The Cuban authorities had no made snch newe'public, a ad it seems t'o rppire corroboration. . in Yong, July 9.-The steamship Now York from Aspinwall, brings later Bo4th American advices. Chili, Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador are said to have 'ormed a league to -wrest Cuba from 3pain, and invited Venlezuela and Co. nmbia to join the alliance. The lirst a bree named furnish the money, the ' thet'a men. and hopare -nerei s f the aid of-Southern enigrams tq em ark from the coast of Florida. The intelligence has been rc-r..ived 'rom Bogota of the installation of Mos juera as President. lie vetoed the act of Congress giving annuities to the nuns or property co,nfiscatod. The Senate neisted on the- adoption of tho measure, when an afmed- mob forced them to 1anction tho veto of the President. It s believed Mosquera will declare him ielf permanent dictator. NEw YoRK, July 9.-The weather vas fearfully hot here yesterday. Thir y.three case? of sun stroke occu,rred and 'wenty.seven deaths. The Btitish Ministry havo tendered heir resignatiQn, which the Queen ac opted. It is supposed Lord Derby will [orm a now-ministry. The Italians under the K were repulsed in attacking the Austrian'd near Verona, on the 24th Ju. The battle lasted until night. Both sides fought bravely, but endel in the defeat of the Italians. The Aistriani took 2,000 prisoners. The Italian ariy retreated across the Mincio. It is positively asserted that the Iran overian army' is surrompded awl misit capitulate to the Prussians. This needs confirmation. Nothing is known'of Beneduk's move. ments. A revolt occurred in Madrid in which 1,000 persons were killed. The revolt was suppressed. NEw YORK. July 9.-Gold 1521; Exchange nominal; Cotton firrm at 36 a 38. Flour quiet, with sales of 7;000 bar. rels. State, $6.50 a 10.15,; Ohio,8.75 a 13.75 ; 8muthern drooping, with sales of 350 barrel., at, $1 0.20 a 17 ; wheat very dull. und deelined1 I l 2c., witl sales of 21,000 ushiels nev and choice No. I Milwaukie at $2,40 ; No. 2, at $2 15. - Corn declined I.C., with sales of 190,000 bushels, at 88 a 89c. Pork buoyant, at $32. Lard heavy, at 19 a .gar dull. Coffee dull. Molasses firm. Naval stores quiet. Turpentine, 78 at 80c. fRosin, $2.75 a 8. NV' YoRK. July 9.-Grld, 52. coupon five twenties of '62; 106; ditto of '65, 105; Treasury notes, second se. rues. 103j; North Carolina sixes, 85}. Cotton firm, with sales of 1,000 .ale. at 36 a 38c. Bank Statem1ken t.-Irtcrease in loans, $6,650,000; specie on hand. $2,6680 000; circulation, $589,900; d4pst5 $1,442,0.00; decrease in legal tenders $2,281,000. N 01w OnFANS. July 9.-Cotlon nn changed, with sales of 600 hsl a. low middling, 32 a 83c. Gold, 5j l ster. h1ng, 65. Texas cotton news unflvZora ble. Eetiinate of crop one-fourth, with worme thireatteniug. MoBILE, July 0.- Sales 'of cotton to. day 200 bales ; 'middling, 304. The steamer'8 news had no effect on the mar ket.. The weather is quite pleasant and the city very healthy. 1J3r0ft00I0Bft A. s. Dou s A T-TORj NNw SOLIOITOR IN EqUggjt, .WIANBo RtO', . 0. 4&' Offloe, No., Lsi', Range-in rear of the Couirt House. feb 18'66--6mo. 2tt0rte at Latto; WINNSBORO'; S, 'C. - GENTLEMEN1 -t*t. tersare ohfom40 to $5.0 Yorpatronsge is soltelied. July 12~tl JO8EPii PHIILLps.~ DO hereby forewarn all persons from eoorading or trafiokingi any way onm Ill net pay any of her de56is contraed~ b'tis date, May 12th, 1866. .