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The tri-weekly news. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1865-1876, August 28, 1866, Image 1

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y .Gailla:d, Desportes & Co.
In Winnsboio,' S. C., at $6.00 per an.
unn, in advance.
[FOR Tn1 19WI.J
On the Death of S. W1r. MclB.
nY F. A. W.
"I do not wish to die when the weather
is cold and dreary; this world i beanutiful,
nd I would not like to seo it. for the last
time dark and gloomy, but clothed in sun
Oih I I Would not die in winter
When the earth is cold and drear,
When the wind, like funeral dirges,
Falls in badness on the Car;
When the earth is cold and slient
In her winding-sheet of snow
When the birds have hushed their singing
And the trees no blossoms show.
No-I would not die in winter
When the world is looked in death;
When the earth is clothed in sunshine,
Let me give my parting breath.
Olt I But let me die In springtime
When the earth is robed in green
When the trees are full of blossoms,
And the zephyr cloud Is seen.
How it speaks of that fair country
Where I soon expect to go
Where the trees are ever verdant,
And the skies no changes know.
01 1 Then in the pleasant springtime
When all nature wakes from death
When the earth is clothed in beauty,
I would give Iny parting breath.
If the spring should pass to summer,
I would lay me down to die
Midst its rich and varied flowers
'Neath its warm and genial sky.
Birds should come with songs to cheer me
On that pleasant Summer day;
I would lat the sep)yra fan me
dhlThnlnlhe givZ oms sunshine,
When the earth hasM aked from death.
And this world Is full of beauty,
I would give my parting breath.
* * * * * * *
From the icy grave of winter
Came the early breath of apring,
And the air was filled with sweetness
From the blossoms It did bring;
But still he lingered with us
Till the roses were in bloom;
And the spring had just departed
When we laid him in the tomb.
'Twas the second day in summer
When he closed his eyes in death,
And the world was clothed In sunshine
As he gave his parting breath.
June, 1864.
Address to Ihse Peoople of t1ae
Ussited Stara.
Second :But it is asserted, in eup.
port of thme authority claimed by thm
Congress stow in possesston of power,
that it flows directly from the laws oi
wvar; that it is among the rights which
victorious war always cotnfors 'npon the
conqIurors, and wh~lich thte conquerot
,ay exesiciso or waive in his own dhs.
ertion. To this we reply that the lawt
inu question re'late solely, so far as the
righta ;.he*v conifer are coficernedl, tc
waurs wasged betwe~t'en alieme sand indepen
dlent, nsations,~ and can1 hIave no% place o1
force, in this regard, in a war waged by
a governmlent, to suppress an imesurrec
t,ion of :its own peopWb, up on its owr
soil, against its authority. If we had
carried on successfuil war against an)
foreign ntatton, we might thereby hav'
e.equired osession and jurisdiction ove
the soil ofthe Soutliern States, limit'
ed only by our own donatitution
Our laws were the,.only tational la,w
in force upon It. The Government o
thec United States~ *the only Go,
crnmeont through* w h. those Stato.
anud their p.ooplo -had 'rdot,ions witi
foreign nations, and 'its dag was thm
only flog by which thof were recog
nized or known anywhere on the face
of the earth. In all these respects,
and in all other respects involving na
tional interests and rights, our posses
sion was perfect and complete. It did
not need to be acquired, but only to
be maintained ; and victorious war
against the rebellion could do nothing
more than maintain it. It could only
vindicate and re-establish the disput
ed supremacy of the Constitution. It
could neither onlarge or diminish the
authority which that Constitution
confers upon the enlargement or
abridgment of constitutional power
can be effected only by omeundment of
the Constitution itself, and such
amendment canl I,e made only in the
modes which the Constitution itself
prescribes. The claim that the sup
pression of an insurrection against the
Government gives additional authori
ty and power to that Government, es
pecially that it enlarges the jurisdic
tion of Congress and gives that body
the right to exclude States from repre
sentation in the national councils,
without which the nation itself can
have no authority and no existence,
seems to be at variance alike with our
principles of the Constitution and
with public safety.
Third : But it is alleod that in cor
tain particulars the Constitution of
the United States fails to secure that
absolute justice and impartial equali
ty which the principles of our Govern
ment require ; that it was in these
respects the result of compromises and
concessions to which, however necessa
ry when the Constitution was formed,
we are no longer compelled to submit,
and that now having the power though
successful war and juist warrant for its
exercise in the hostile conduct of the
its own conditions, and make the on
stitution conform to all its provisions,
to its ideas of equality and the rights
of man. Congress at its last session
proposed amendments to tie Constitu.
tion, enlarging in some very insportant
particulars the authority of the Gene
ral Government over that of the seve
ral States, and reducing by indirect
disfranchisement the representative
power of the States in which slavery
formerly existed ; and it is claimed
that these aniondnents may be made
valid as parts of the original Constitu
tion, without the concurrence of the
States to be most serIously affected by
them, or may be imposed upon those
States by thtee-fourths of the remain
ing States, as conditions of thesr read
nifsion to representation in Congress
and in the Electoral College.
It is the tnq uotionable right of the
people of the United States to make
such changes in the Constitution as
they, upon duo deliberation, may
doom expedient. But we insist that
they shall be made in the mode which
the Constitution itself lints out-in
conformity with the letter and the
spirit of that instrument, and with the
principles of self-government and of
equal rights which lie at the basis of
our republican institutions. We deny
the right of Congress to make these
changes in the fundamental law, with
out the concurrence cf three-fourths of
all the States, Including especially
those to be inmost seriously affectl by
tham ; or to imposo them upon States
or people, as conditionsof reprfsenta
tin, or of admiissio to any if the
rights, duties or obligations wleh ,be
long, under the Constitution, t /all th6
States alike. And wiLhgroal clem
plhasis do we deny the right.Iof any.
portion of the St:ates exolujiug the
r6st of the States from an share in
their councils, to propose *sar.etion
changes in thme Constitutio'n whiElh aVe
to affect pernnently their litieal re
lations and control, or coe o the le.
gitinmate action of the seve I members
of the commnon UnIon. S oh an exer
cise of power Is simply a urpation ;
just as unwarrantablo w a exercised
by Northerii States as it would be if
exorcised by Southern, d not to be
fortified or palliated b anything in
the past history citho of those by
whnoni it Is attempted Qf thwo upon
whose rights and liberties it is to take
effect. It fibda no. warrant in the
Constitution. It is at war with the
fundamental pritoiples of our form of
.governinent. If tolerated in one in
stance, it becomes the precedent for
future invasions of liberty and consti
tutional right, dependeni; solely upon
'the will of the party in possessifn of
power, and thus leads, by direct and
necessary sequence, to the most fatal
and intolerablo of all tyrannics-the
tyranny of shifting and irresponsible
political factions. It is against this,
the most formidable of ail the dangers
which menace the stability of free
government, that the Constitution of
the United States .was iutended most
carefully to provide. We demand a
strict and steadfast aderence to its
provisions. In this, and ; in this alone
can we find a basis of pergmanent union
and peace.
Fourth : But it is alleged, in justi
fication of the usurputioln which we
condemn, that the condition of the
Southern States.and people is notsuch
as renders safe their. read mission to a
share in the Government of the coun
try; that they are still diuloyal in son
timent and purpo4e,*and that neither
the honor and credit .or the interest
of a nation would be sarfo if they were
readmitted to a share in its councils.
We might reply to this:
I, That we have, no right, for such
reasons to deny to tiny portion of the
States or people rights expressly con
ferred upon them by thdeConstitution
of the United Sttei.
2. That so long ats .,'eir acts are
those of loyalty-.-so loni as they con
form in all their public nxduct to the
requireiments of tho (9 stitution and
laws-welhavo no right o exact. from
them'cOnfoin)ty in thoe sentiments
trust the, purpose or the abi ity of the
ople of the Union to protect and do
ftnd, under all contingencies and by
whatever means may be required, its
honor and Its welfare.
These would, in our judgment, be
fall and conclusive answers to the plea
thus advanced for' the exclusion of
these States from the Union. . But we
say further, that this plea rests upon a
completo misapprehension 'or an un
just perversion of existing facts.
We do not hesitate to affirmt that there is
no section of the country where the Consti
tution and laws of the United States find a
more prompt and entire obedience than In
those $tsa and among those people who
Were,lately in arms ag4inst, them; or where
there is less purpose or danger of any fu
ture attempt to overthrow their authority.
It wotild seem to be' both natural and inovi
table that in States and sections so recently
swept by the, whirlwind of war. where all
the ordinary modes and methods of organi
zed industry have been broken up. and the
bonds and influences that guaranteo social
order have been destroyed-where thou
sands and tens of thousands of turbulent
spirits have been suddenly loosed from the
discipline of war, and thrown without re
sources or restraint upon a lorganized and
Ohaotid sooEty, and where the keen sense
of defeat is added to the overthrow of ambi
tion and hopes, scenes of vidlence should
defy for a tieo the imperfect disciplitfe of
law, and exoito anew the fears and forebo
dings of the patriotic and wet disposed. It
Is unquestionably true that local diettir
banoes of title kind, acoupimiled by moro
or leqsviolence, do still occur. But they
are oonfined entirely to thu dLies and largo
towns of the Southern Stakes.whoro diffr
ent racni ard interests are trought. most
closely in contact, And whorb Oassloub and
reseni.melits-arO always most talily fb$l sfld
tfinncd Into-out.brak ; and eve there, they
are g$ufo as inuch Vie fruit ofjaathuelf
hurtful political agita~tion, as <f any hast .
:y Ap th;art of the people to 'the authn(i
ty ft,heNat os-Governmen
BIut th.econnurrent testi ny of "'those
best auted with the son ion 6f'sool.
ty and..thes utate of public et et tt f hie
South--inoluding that of its ye esentatives
In this eouiventon-establiElhes be fact that
the great mass of the Sother people ac
cept. with as full and sinoord a bahission as
do the pope of the other as, lbs re
established supr-emaey of thE aslonal atu
thoerity, and are prepar'ed, in t most,14syal
spirit, and with a seal quieken alike lby
their Interest, and.thieir prldhv oo operate
with other. States and sections a whatever
may be ncessary te defend be rights,1
maIntAin the hItune antd'promOh the weiflare
of our .common goUiati'y. ils ry at!!rds
no in:staUce where a neoplia, so owerful.In
numbers, in resources and in public spirit,
after a war so long in its duration, so de
structive in its progress, and so adverso in
Its issue, have accepted defont, and its con
sequences with so inuch of good faith as
has marked the conduct of the peopl:! late.
ly in insurrection against the United
States. Boyonad all question this has been
largely due to the wise generosity with
which their enforced surrender was accept
ed by the President of the United States
and the generals in immediato conmnmind of
their armies, ant to the liberal measures
which were afterward taken to restore or
der, tranquility and law to the States whero
all had for the I hme beeti overthrowt. No
steps could have been hetter calculated to
command the respect, win the ontidei.ce,
revive the p1triotism and secure lie permla
nent and affectionate allegiance of tie peo
plo of the South to tle Constitution Uid
laws of tbe Union, than those which have
been so tirmly taken and so steadfastly
pursued by the President, of tie United
States. And if that. coutidlonce and loyalty
have been since impaired ; if the people of
the South are to-day less cordial in their
allegiance tian they were immediately
upon time close of the war, we believe it ii
dite to the elangel tone of tihe legi-lat ive
departtetit of the Genteral Governimew to
ward then ; to the netion by which Congress
hap. ende:tvored to tllplant. and defeat tdhe
President's wise aid benefic(nt policy of
restoration ; to their exclusion frotti all
participation in oitt comtnon government;
to the withdrawal from then of rights (on
ferred and guaranteed by time Constitution,
and to the evident purposo of Congress, in
the exercise of a usurped and unlawful am
tlority, to reduce tdhen from the rank of,
free and equal imemhers gf a republic of
States, with lights anid dignilies itunimpair
ed, to the condition o counquere,l provincs
and a conquered people, in all thtings sub
ordinato and sudoet to i lie will of their con
qutrors, free only to obey laws in makitig
which they are not ,.llowed to share.
No people has ever yet e.\iste.4 whose
loyalty and faith such treatmient. long cotn
tinued would not alienato al impair. Ad
the ten millions of Americans who liv,t in
the South would be unworthy citizens of a
free country, degenerato sons of any heroio
ancestry, unfit ever to becotno guardiamis of
the rights and liberties bequeatheld to us by
rhfar.hm pand -founders otett,lr ttpu-i,
if they c..ld accept, wiIth uncom plaini tig
mubtmissiventess. t lie hunmiliat ion.. t hon soutghtt
to b0 impl)OSed upon then. itesenlt iment of
intjustice is always and everywlete ecu
tial to freedom ; and the spirit. wiicli promil
tle States and people lately in insurrectio,.,
but-iuurgeltis now no. longer, to lotest
against tle ihuipliition of unjust aind te
grading condit ions, tmikes t hem all thle more
wort iy to shiare in lie governnent of a
free commonweithlt, and gives still tirner
assurance of the future power and freedoi
of the Republio. For whatever responsi
bility tle Southert people nity have incur.
red in resisting tie authority of the Nations
al Government and in taking up arms for it
overthrow, they may be held to answer, as
individuals, befoeo the judicial tribunals of
the land, and for that co).duct, as societies
and organized communitios, they have al
ready paid the most fearfitd ponalties that
canl fall on offending Stattes in the ilosses,
the sufferings and lumiliatious of unsuc
cessful war. Biut whatever may be tihe
guilt or the punishliment of the conscious au
thors of tle insm-reciion, candor and oim
mon just ice deianiid the cilcession that ite
great nass of those who beenme involved inl
its responlsibilify acted upon what they be
lieved to be their duty, in deftnce of what
they had lecen taught to believe their rights,
or under a compulsion, physical. Nor can it.
be amiss to rentrember that, terrible as have
been the bercaveieuls and the losses of
this war, they have fallen exclusively upon
neither sect ion and upon neither ptriy
that tliy have fallen, inleed, with far
grotev weight upon lhese witi wlionm time
war begon; liat it tire lciti of relatives
and frieWs.. the dispeisioi of familii s. tile
disrupsiu ofsocial systems anld sic a ties,
the overthrow ot gsvermtnims, of law an] of
order, the destruct ion of property, anl of
forms and modes and means of industry ;
the loss of political, comnercial, and moral
influence. in every shape and for! i which
great calamities can nssuio.--the States
amid people which eigAgei inl the war
against the Govirijnment of the United Stites
hiave stiffe'red tenfild more than those Who
r.enmatned In allegiance to Its Constitutioni
and laws.
These eonsideritions. may not, as they
certaittly dto.tiet, justify t he action of the
people ot't.holqurmggf. Stat es f but noe just or
generouis niilnd will :efumso to thetis a very
consmder'able weight ha determining the thue
of conduct which.'the Government, of the
UnIted Slates i,hould pursue towardt thenm.
They accept, If not, with alacrty. oertain
ly wit hout sullen reunment, the defeat
and overthrow they have sustaIned. T'hey
acknowledge and acquieso hn the results,
to themselves and, the country,' which (I
feat Involves. They no longer claim for any
State the right to secede tromn thme Utionm;
they no lotngor assert for atny Stato an aile
glance paramount to that wh'o' Is due to
the General Governmoent. They have ac
osptedt the dlestruction of slavery, abemlied
It by their Slate Constitutions, andi concur
cml with the Stso tnaid ,,eninle oIhn whole
Ordinary advertidements, odoupying noi
noro than ten lines, (one square,) will be
neorted in THE NEWS, at $1.00 for the
irst insertion and 75 cents for each sub
;equent inFertion.
Larger advertisemets, when no contract
a made, will be charged in exact propor
For announcing a candidate to any offico
of profit, honor or trust, $10.00.
Marriage, Obituary Notices, &c., will b
charged the dame as advertis6tnents, whid
over ten linba,'and triust be pild for whed
handed in, or they will not apear.
Union 4a prohibiting jtp oxdttence forever
upon the eoil or within the jdrIsdiotion of.
the United States. They indieate and ovince
their purpose just so fast as may be po4si.
ble and safe to adapt, their dowestio laws to
the changed oondition of their sooiety, dud
to secure by the law and its tribunalh equat
and impartial justice to all classes of their.
inbabitants. They alinit tlio invalidity of
all acts of resistance to the national authori
ty, and of all debts incurred in attempting.
its overthrow. They avow their willingness
to share the burdens anid discharge the du
ties and obligations which rest upon them,
in common with other States and sections
of the Union ; and they renew, through their
representatives in this Convention, by all!
ther public conduct in every way, end by
the most solemn acts by which States and
societies can pledge their faith, their en
gagement to bear true faith and allegiance,
through all time to come, to the Constitution
ot the United States, and to all laws that
1my he made in pursuance thereof
Fellow--ountrymen, we call upon you, in
full relianco upon your intelligence and your
patriotisi. to accept, with generotts and
ungrudging confidence, this tiull 4in-eudr
on the part of those lately in arms ngainn
your tut hority, and to share with theI Ii
hloo. %itnd relnown t.hat, await I hlose w1.
bring back peace and concord it) jairli
States. The war just closed, with all its
sorrowA and ilisasters, has opened a now
career ot glory to the nation it has saved.
It. has swept away the hostilities of senti
meLt and of interest, which were a standing
menace to its peace. It has destroyed the
instit-ition of slavery, always a cause of
sectional agitation and strife, and has open,
od for our country the way to unity of in.
terest, of principle, and of action through
all timo to como. It. has developed in both
sections a military capacity-an aptitude
for Achievements of war, both by sea and
land--before unknown even to ourselves,
land destined to exercise hereafte*, under
united councils, an important influence upon
the character and destiny of the continent
and the world. And whilo it has thus re
vealed, di-ciplined and compacted our pow
er, it has proved to us beyond, controversy
or doubt, by tho course pursWed toward
buth toteolintihg sectiotu.hy *raigu-pawers,
thatwe 1m1At he the guardians of our own
intdepidene. and that the principles of
repu1"ii we repiesent can find
-O-w earth no friends
ci,"") 1. .i' t evtbry
1Y, atnid in th i tnil ot libra., .;m, .A ...
the wodd, to complete the work of restora
tion and peace whi:h . tile President of the
United States has so well begun, and which
the policy adopted and the principles assert
ed by the present Congress alone obstruct.
The time is close at hand when nemoors of
a new Congress are to be eledted. If that
Congress shall perpetuate this policy and,
by excluding loyal States and people from
representation in its halls, shall continue
the usurpatioAl"by which the legislative pow
era of the Government. are now exercised,
common prudence compels us to anticipate
augmented discontent, a sullen wtthdrawal
fron the duties and obligations of the Fede
ral Government, internal dissensions and
a.general collision of sentiments and pro
tetnions which may renew, in a still more
tearful shiape, thoecivil war from which we
hav'e just emerged. We call upon you to
iterpose your piower to prevent the recur
rence of so transcendelnt a calamity' We
call upon you, in every Congressioaal Dis
tret of e' ery Stat e. to secure the eleion of
members who, whatever other dtfferences
mniy characteriZe theiT political rotion, will
itito in recognizing the ntoHT or EVERY
IN P.ivTtuiR nniANcit, Evv.nY L,oYAL, nEilaRsE
rAT'rvE FRtoM uvaRY STA'fh in allegian-ce to~
thie Government who mar be found by each
llouse, in the exercise of this power confer
'ed upan it by the Constitution, who have
ieen duly elCtedi, ret.urned and qualified
ror* a seat t herein.
Whlen this shall have been done, the
lovernmttet. will have been rest ored to its
ntegrity, the Const itution of lhe United
itates will have been reuestablished in its
uill supremacy, and the Amuerican Utnion
will have pgain become what it was design.
ad to be by those who formned it--a sor
ihgna ntioni eomposed 'of 'separate ,States
'achi like itself, mioving, in a distinet and in -
lependent sphere, exercising powers 4efin.
ad aund reserved be a common .ConAstitutioni,
i,'cd resting upon the asent,. the.confldene
ad co-opcration of 'all the State e a'nd all
lie people stibject to its constitutiotal role.
ious, ti States anid the. Genstallevesn
neat catn opter iu a fraternal. ,spirit, with a
momumon purpose and a common Iutaresti
ipun whatefor reforms the seottrity ofp
personal rights, the enlargement of popita/
iberty. anid the perfection of our ropublc-'
an itatitut ions may demand.
SWVEDEN.-Th0 ol<18wedish Parliai
nent ini four houses hans closed italJast
ession. The next Parlirimont -will be
tnder the new constitution, ia. two

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