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VOL. III.] WINNSBORO,$. C., 'UEDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1866. 108
TIE TI-VREKLYhEWS PUBLISHED EVERY TUEDAY) TIIURB DAY A.ND 84TUltDAY, -" Dundee " Stale Itope, Mianilla. V tb, " New York or Western, lb, Nlacon, Hams, Ib, " Sides, tb, " Shoulders, f 1b, 'lutter, Country. V lb, *Wotton, Yarns 1W bunch, $2 60 " Ordinary 1b, t Middling, 8 -A!andles. Parafine,,1b, " Spia, lb, *I.- Adamantine, Tb, -4!offee, U., 1b,. 82 45'14aguayra, tb, " 50 Jarava, Ib, ' heeso, Eglish Dairy, lb, 6' Goshen, lb, I Iidea', Dry,- 1b, 1 I ard. lb. NIolaises, Mituscovado, gallon, Sorgham,n1 New Orleans, " $1 26 ' lls. lb, . 8 I(a) i mions, bushel, $1 0 )il, Kernsline, gallon, 1 20 1 Tanners, " 1 70 -4orn, Whife, bushel, 1 70 " Yellow, 1 6j I alt, Liverpool, saek, 4 60 t'ards, Cotton, .doz, 12 00 " Wool " 900 -Stugar, Crushed, ib, o Powdered. lb, " Brovin, lb, .14@ " ExtraC, 'Tea, Extra Gunpowder, lb, $2 00 I Hyson, lb, 1 40a2 00 Black, Ib, -1 2"5a 'Tobaco, Chewing, lb, 8 4peeio, Gold. " Silver, *lour. Country Extra cwt, I@9P Ohio, Extra, hhl 15 00 .A.es. W. J. Teneyck,& Co., doz, 24 00 'Oollns, Warranted do. 24 00 DOMESTIO MAnET. Afoals, Pork. lb, *. o . Belf, lb, 8q Mutton b, 10a I'oltry, Turkeys, pair, 1 60@2 50 " Ducke, pair, 6? Chickens, pair, Geese, pair, . 1 25 E'ggs, dozen. M. w. AIALN. W. i. BiLLAMT,, 0. 0. ROIN411 R* W. GALE & CO., 46 and 48 WHOTWORTI STRESI CHARLESTON, S. C., DEAZ,ERS UN .. ft1'y$W...~UE.P3tL.Rp1 W-tkJP.. hie State ap Federal %enasitutions wero thorouglily ventilated, oUr Legislature gave us, aa-r.elief to debtors, an act suspending the session of the Court 6f Comnion Pleas for one trin. We are not in favor of oredi. tors presing'debtirs at this time, and we are in favor of every measure of relief for ,.C debtor,. nonsiatent with equity and good conseience. But we maintain tbat. the meas. tire ioldopte#is no relief at oll ; in our judg. mnent, it is'well calculated to aggravate ti.e feelitW of the creditor, as it, will exoite his suspiuion that hila debts are to be pitimately repudiated, by destroying or indefinately postponing his legal remedies for their col lection, and inpel him next spring to sue ha debtors indiqcriminately. Every law pasised by.the Legislat tie tampering with contracts betwoeu mau and man, deostioys coildetee betweea lhim, which- is worih ll the stay laws th can be passed,- and when confidenke is destroyed,. legal remedies. are df course -sought,' We yinqatbise with-hoi ent debtors, and it in evident that, most of the creditors do, or why is it that nine hun dred old txeoutions aft-no* lying In the sheriff's ofic,o of tpaie ist riot, unenforood ? The stay law, tkoni its inception, , was an unwise one, anud but for its passatge one half of the indebtedness wh'oh ntow hangs. +ver the country- would have been p aid off during the war'. At class or men who -kept out of the wat- took advanta go,of that law, accumulated wealth by speculation, and let' their debts run on. Those r,ame mien-, to day,. instead of paying off their 'doilys, are usning their money In sproulation, a; tending sales Atid buying propeh'y. Sutol ait should be made to p4y,- If the debloes cant be fored to pey next spring, in .whaT re. spect ishe bttred1 by p, delay of six months? Can he raise the uaeney mere readily than now?i We thaink not, for mon esy Is always seameer in the spring than it is Ja the fail. But wur Legislatos. eiher de' met omprehend the true e6mjdition et the country, or e.lse they resolutely -shat their eyes tb it; Now, the trt)J is, the countr'y is hopelessly . ' bankrupt, and leglshatore should aocept the fact, aryi act accordingly. The tasn w fio expects thTe indebtednee of this eountry to be discharged in fuills is doomed to diseppointrasnt. It canuot now, und wl net be able for fly years to come, to pay mere than 60 per ceut.. The debrs whi.h have bioen'inherited by this genera ui4n were contrqcted upon the security of siegrt-property. That propert.y lasa been awet aay,andthe debts remain with no .and whatWiope is there, that our people oas eyesi eje the 450,U00.W00 of peged,prop. etty tbsbae. hes,i & A bslutely eon. If, %heea)md e-ut pay, *httt' good will stay laws 4 th ,T.hese will be.tbe saf. basis for ba'aIness '.' atiatons tti there 4.s ageneral settlemjpt. .No maa eows what he is.w9aJ -no nm knows who to Erust. The ~er, stetre, that the. in. dlebwdnesuaJi eoustry batRbs 444 the soon6r conftdeous and property be Mef.re; ean ot.j$ay 6 elr debth .i' full, Ahd they'qhin 'at e ee p,ebthe can and take a gew Man To td't ho beest meamures of retIef to-4ebtdra, as wdit ae to givie tIf .va)ttl ter their actIon atisbe laite sossion, the Legislature must go forward and pass liberal homestead 'and bankrupt laws. In the latter law, after permitting the debtor to retain enough of his property to keep his family from suffering, we would allow hin to surrender his property to his oTeditors, aind be forever thereafter disehtar ged from their demands. If forced into bankruptcy the debtor could then go to work with some he'art to take a iew start. Creditors in view of ti law would, we im agine, Frefer to-wait with the debtor and let him- pay as he was able, to receiving five cents on tie dollar, in 'the bankrupt cotrt, and have their claims forever bar red. A Short Ohapter about Money. It arose in the degreoort esire by which -one thing was muro wanted than another. Thu most desired commodity was taken in exchaange. Barth, ,i Negritia, was a whole day .exchanging. 1o get at sonme particular article. lie found lllow strips ofcollsin to be money. In 8outh.1 rioa lances are this medium of exchange. . TheY have one ad vantage-they nay bl kept without spiling. That is a requisite. We all want, ice in Summer, but it would hnrdly (1o to maks it a mnedium ot exchange. Clapperton speaks of blocks of salt used for nboney In the inte rior or All-ica: Proscott, the historian -of cocoa beans in Moxico. This 'iloney-' rst suirgrts itself and grows natur-ally out of the state of things. PeopNa don't come to get tier and say, lot us adopt. money. I comes 'unto us. I I6 is aIs6 not, merely an exchangeable thing, but it is used .'o value other coimnodities. It is not a taaasare of value, taken in.the abstrt.senso, for there Sare two things to be viuted, the inoney and what it buys. We notice the motive of "nqtuiring it, ofloner 'vanity than tilly, y thotigti the latter is not excluded. - Bnt-4pt. outs people snek ornaments, but commonly of some lasting material, as the metals- For centuries money was weighed. The Jews, who lind no coin, always weighed-it. This survives' in the nitames o pounds, ounes, livre, nina, all dewived front weight. Thei iRst coined money was private money, I)echtler, a Germain, for a timo carried on private cti"nage in Lutlhrford county, orth Caroli;ja. Ills 2oin-s -werd stamped with his'name jind the denomm-lttons t,hey circulated freely In Corfie. North Caroli Ila, and South Carolina, and 6nnessce, In addition to these facts, stated by Dr. Lieber, we may mention an'iucilent, which onme under our obsortation : ' A-merchant. from the Sout brought to Philadelphia the pin of $2,700, in Bech tier's coinage; it produced between ono and two dollars premium on tIh6 whole amount; showing the -accuracy ' of I he assay and valuation. Peahtler, on his deith, was' succeeded by his von. The esiahlishuinnt of the mint at Charlbtte superseded these works.i The business was conducted by the Hlechlers, fron the beginning to theend, with the entire bonfidence of the commni ty. Coinage was a ne 'silty from the diffoulty or weighing and assaying metals- Money,- a common coin, was.developed during the formative period of naturalization, in the 1iddlo Ages, when the languages arose, and after literature. the law. It is never so difficult to convince people in' matters of law. polities, or theology al it is to okange their habits. This, problem was in retorms of currency. to,hange the 'money .'in the minds of market-wolneu. : Fifty years after the change by the revoltiion Is Frauce, ig needed an ediet of Louis Phillippe. to enforco t,. Even in our- o1v country, witt ouc oyx vqnient. dollars andAel s,~ are zwo.noL still, In thedifferent. States, thinking inconveti ently itI shillings anl -pence, , Just, 'O with the use of therluometers. People wotild no, to cold in 6entrIgra%de, or perspire by Raunvr 1 they would freeze and thaw only 'by .their accustomed V*a1renheit. Still tie tendency to uniformity.went on, just as with dge-.s, whtohi had. drawn the habits of mod. e'n nationm to a resemblance, while a Spar.. tan goep bo Athens was known at once by the diffetwIe 'of hisgarb, and nobody,-now. a-days, cha, distingtish a ,eatleman from St Petersburg tat that way, and thus Aolety would go on till tio work of aniformization, if theword can be allowed, P,hall be eotoplet. ed.-The Oentury. I.111UANtTT Or.A PRIF11UN'S St1iA AoCN'r.-The San Antonio (Texas) Ledg; gIves the following:,, "ftuVig t.he late tunu. sttal wet season, one.6f the agents in this j .ity, belonging to the eduacati.nal brncheof thte lhutreau,.in order to obtain-possessioin of a room occuipied by a- poor .negtro woman, withi thr'ee or four children, prosured a dray, thbrust her 'nund her helpless lit tle ones out of the house, and had-ihet -taken off on this dray and deposaitedu out tsp6n the- opefa feld adjoining thse ntow Episcopal Chutroh, There she was in the 'ein and~ thud n'nebstted, tuncaved for, lwith os eofthet ehtidras siek' and she weak -and deuttuste. In thAt for' lorn contditloh% they were seen-by's ebat table lady t( fotraalt staefeholdsr) -hag th'e desired rellef ptbm$ply furotiAh .'-Wtj n,lIs I too laete -sky'e the l f o .lave,ownor hadV. b' bJlhtI4 dressesi ~E'.rried' ou be. brled. ines ths ,i(. *'enian herself' and esf$ or two pf the ot,r aliirt *Vi fe ttha *bourse, u* pell at4 '1hs.eo t4 roach of ths F reedmen's dau"l - Tim, WOODPECKER's FORE1GHT. "The woodpecker ii California is a itorer of Acran. The trees he selects ire invariably of the pine tribe. He hpres severorl hole".- differing slightly idt 41P. at the fall of the year, and then flies taway, in mnny instance to a long dis. ance, and returns with an acorn, which io immediately sets about adjusaigg to ne of the holen prepared- for its recep. ion, which will hold it tightly in posi. 'ion. -Butt lie does not oat the ac6rn; or, as a rule. he is - hot a vegetariao. Hi-4 object in storing, away. the Rcbrn 1xhibit' acute foresigit, and knowledge if results more akin th reason than in. ainct.' The succeididg" winter the worn rhmiins Inttlt, but, becoming itiuratel with rain ip pre-disposed to loay, 'when it is att aed by maggots, who seem to.delight ii this special food; it ii then that. the woodpecker reaps the harvest his wisdom he ptrided, at a ;me when, the grot* beint covered willi snow. ho- would'experienbo a diffi. wl-. o!herwise. in.btaining suitable ir pinoible food., It is a subject of 1peculation why the red-wood( cedar or tugar pine is invariably selecterd: it is. iot probable that the insect, Mhe most rainty to the woodpecker's Taste.- fre. Ilente only the 6utsid' of - wet Ifees; it. 1o.t4.: that in CaAvera, lkoriporoe, inl otlier dlistricta.of.0aliPornia. frees of his kind may he frequently seen cover d all over their trunkf with acorns When there ic not an 4ak tree within several miles."---A. ,W &r"<. DkPTl8 OF TIMl'.-A French nirnl qnVa that the soundingi efficted with referetce t.., new tfans-Atlantic 1ble lnvi- eti04d comparison to be miido of the di&.bront deptim of - the sea., renerally speakinlg, they A,.na ot.any Zroat <epth in tho neighborhood of'conti. ienta; thiathe Baltic, between- Germs. Iy and Sweden, is only 120 feet deep; ond:the Ainatic, between Venice and rrieste, 130 flet. The. greatest depth f tha ghnel )etween. Franoa and Eng. and. does not, exceed 300 - feet., while :o thi i6Lthwest.if Irqld,here' .the. 41, is oe, the depth is.#ore than.2,400 reet sbas t the Sihh hf Ptirope ire mneh deeper Linn those 'is th inte rior. In the narrowest- parts of tle StreLr of lhbraltar the depth it ofly 1,000 feet, while a little more to . tht, le,11t. it is.8.000 feet.* On the coast of .4pain the depth is nearly 6,000 feat. A t 254(tmriles Sonth of Nan%t V(te Sou'.h if Cape Cod) no bottom was found at 1,000 feet! The gresetost depths of all tre to be- mot with in the Sout.hern )Ceon. -To- hie West of the Cape of ltuod Hope 0 1,00 fopt have.been meal irs.d.. an' to thlesV.4t,of-SC ,Telega 17,00M. Dr. Vithig elil daeIt &he 9ver ige depth of the Atittio.at.26,1Q0 feet, tud of the Paciflo at 20.000. To MA1k Cows Givm. MfIX.-A mriter who siys his cow gives all the n1ilk that is wanted'inI a fainily ofeigI )ersous, and from whiclowas mde. two Mindred and sixiy pounds of butter,,the rear, give the following as his. treatment [t is chlip and worth a trifh: If'yu desire to got a large vieli of -ich milk, give yotir cow three time' a lay, waLet alightly warm, slightly salt ad, in which. brait has been stirred .at lie rato of one quart o two gallons of ater. YJU Will flid if yov bye not ,ied this daily pr.actice, that yonr cow Al give twenty-five per cent. more nilk irq ,wd.tely unidar I he eff.-t of ir, and shwill bedomi so attachei to Ie lic't as to refnae to drink clear water mihasi very thuirsL, but tis nmes' she yill drit g almiost any time and ask for ntore. The amlounit of thi's. drink neo ey ti.un ordinary grater 'pail fall otch t.ime, muoring. noona and unigit.. Y~uta animal -will then do her 'best at liscouanting the l:act.oal. Fonr hundred poiunds of btter cre often obtained from good stdelk, and inistanuce5s re *dientioned whe~re the field was even at~ adhig~her it FreesteW4 resq, I tat70,00"to 0O~O an. aa .aferang r want foE Ouious-If True. 'A foreign newspaper, which.devotes much attention attention to the - mo tives and movements of the Empress Carlotta, relates that when she wal on the eve of leaving Europe for Mexiqo, where she expected to rign and whence she did not elpect to return, she paid a visit to her grand-mother, .the old ex-Queen Amelie, widow of Louis-Phillippe. at Clemiont, and dutifully agkqd her ine kiajesty to give her a blessing-whic was done, with a great deal of solemnity, many tears and several pious exclaipations. She bade adieu to her uncles, the Princes of Orleans, but' observing that the Due d' Autnale, to whom the waa most attached, was silent, if not $ad, gently rallied him on his reticence. He angwered, "Well, my fair niece, what shall I say to you? You wish to occupy a throne. You have it. I pray God that you may keep It-hut in our family that is not the custom." It is not, on eithor side of the Orleans bopie. Louis Phillippe died in exile. His eldest son was killed by a fall out of a chariot, and his heir, now Count de Paris, has not the'slightest chance of evor reigning In France. Queen Alarle Anelie was a Neapolitan prin Cess, and Franeis -II., -cx-King of Na ples, who Is coisin to her children, is now so poor that he can no longer ef ford to live in Rome, where he is ex pected to maintain a sort of* royal state. When he quitted Naples, in 1860, he bo're with him a very large amount of private property, but le lavished thost of-this upon thm gallant but fruitless defense T Gaetf. With his wife, a nieber of one of the junior branchos of the royal hounseof Bavaria, be had a dowry of youthiheauty,aad -ten thousand dollars I: . 4t present the utmost uconeof these "monarchs retired from business" ia thirty thous and dollure i yeat. They could liva quietly upon it In England, and richly in Americo, but will probably remain in Europe, waiting for "smething to turn up." The King of .Huanover, who is virtually deposed, is said to have made ample provision for what Dr. Franklin calls "a rainy day," Besides having sent the er6wu jewels over to -Lndon, where his father had left $3,000,000 invested in the British funds, his-own savings, also securely invested, are said to - anjount to 5,. 000,000, which makes him' wealthier than even his cojoful cousin, Queen 'Victorio. COuA, irpi NAURALA.-A Califor. nia p ers.says : "Some time since, we published, at the request of a friend, a Xeciptq, to care nou ralgia. Half A draim of sal ain nyWnia, in an ounce of camphor water, to be taken a tea-spoodful at a dose, and the dose repeated several times, at intervals of five minutes, if the pain be not relieved *at once. Half a-dozon different porsons have sipee tried the receipt, and, In , every case, an immediate ee was, effocted. In one, the sufferer, a lady, lad been af fee-ted tor more .than a week, and her physician was unable to alleviatO her sufferings, when a solution of sal, am' monia in iamphou wter relieved her 'in a few minutes.". GoLD.,Gold hasrecently gone up to 1484. The explanation' of the -ise is the' fall of ve-twentes ' abroad. These fiye-twenties have declined abroad, not' in conseguence of the thteatening aspect of political, affairs in this country, as we of the South are rather prone to blieve, but sim ply because the En jaan rktis temporarily g1 tted w .th tu securi. ties. The high prlces they have been bringing oaused Aunerican holders to send theRt over in vM% qattises. 'Wendell Phillips, In the A.ti-Blare 8ton&a.w d, urgos sho Imp.Aehment Mr3ohntson' on' the' 5th of next fo etrolt. an tl a enian i,ntsnL iDVEITISING RATES. Ordinary advertisements, ooyIng not more than ten lines. (one square,) will be inserted in TIE NEWS, at $1.00 for the first insertion and 76 cents for each sub sequent insertiol. Larger.advertisements, who* no oontrae is made, will be charged In exact propor. tion. For announcing & candidate tv any - AMe of profit,.honor or trust, $10.ff 'Marriago, Obituary Notices, &a., will be charged the same as. advertisements, when ovvr ten lies, and must be paid for when handed in, or they will not appear. How to Puin a Son and Finish a Daugh! ter. HOW TO RUIN A BOM. i. Let him have his own wa. 2. Allow him a free use of 1on1eys -. Suffer him to roam wher6 he pleases on the Sabbath. 4. Give him full access to wicked companions. 5. Call him to no accounts for even ings. 6. 'Furnish him with no stated em1 ployment. HOW TO "FINIH" A DAUGHTan, 1. Be always telling her how pretty she is. 2. Instil into her mind a proper love of dress. 8. Accustom hor to mo much pleas ure that she is never happy at home. 4. Allow her to read nothing but novels. 5. Teach her all the accomplish ments, but none of the utilities of life. 6. Keep her in the darkest myste ries of housekeeping. . 7. Initiate her in the darkest igno. rance of the mysteries of housokeep. ibg. 7. Initiate her into the principal that it is vulgar to do anything for herself.: 0 8. To strengthen the latter 'belief, lot her have a.lady's maid. 9. And lastly, having given her such an education, narry her to . clerk, upon $500 a year, or a liouton-h ant going out to'a fort. . Tf, with the above careful training, your- daughter is not finished, you may be sure, it id no fault of yours and you must look upon her scac nothing short of al rele. Til Ewpayss EuosM.-Napole m im doing that he p aibly c:%n to .proo duce pnpu.arity throughout France for the Empres, who is destined to be :de. gent, and the young Prinue. who is to wear the Imperial Crown. lie puts the Empres through ui good 4eal of exercise, and makes her travel a -ent. deal, im order to j1ake her beldved by the peo. ple; a tlng - which this graceful and graciotte lady can do when she s4-ts about it., But it is hard work. For example, after v ailig the cholera hos pitals at Amienp, when she returned in the evening, she .had scarcely time t'o change her dress~when ate was summon ed to - assist at a* t#unjil of ministers, where sihe had to sit for. fto ihots and a half, trying not to slep. A few dIy4 after she ;UilAt b to Naney. A grand fete w as toi be given, and she had to meet many hishops and mvyore, uyder go many addreases, and make answer9, receive many bbdiqiemt from white rbb-d girls, aind make many complime~nts in return ; .had'to atter,d4 a so,lemn~ dinner every day. both pt Nancy nnd 'on the route thiter, to say tnothing of the r'egular bell each evenning, where she' had to dance with prefects and mayors. Int truth, she was every wWe received witn~ excessive ethusiasm ; the stately city of Nancy,, whose population is lets than fifty t,aitian, contained on' the' occasion a multitude of t'wo hundred and fifty thousand; it wvas everywhere adorned wjth trjtumphal ares, an~d all-. abloom with flowers ; the vast masses of people cheered themselves hoarse, and still', time to time, shouted Amiensa/ Arniens. / hus celebrating t he benevo lent action of her Majesty in visiting the cholera' patients. Au American correspondent writing from Lo4don, thinks that the reform agitation4the Penian troubles, the terrible famine in Indib, and the con sequences of the ,Jamaica revolt will tend to hasten a revoluption in Eng -land. UnitogI States Treanrer Spinner Is not prepared~ to futtish smples of the new perforated postal currency. News from -Japan as "riec has fkH.n' two boos per pie 1' -whatever that mueatis. fojawish to kow how an atsseoIai4 spas etof ti to ethers, mark bow he spj.ka, of them to youa.