Newspaper Page Text
Tucsday Mornitg, November 13, 1866.
Qr T. P. S1.t1tsn, Esq., is the
solo agent for this paper in Charleston
(& Mr. JAS. II. SMnIT, formerly
of this place, but now residing in
Charlotte, N. C. is our authorized
:gent fur the Nr.ws.
Mr. SiTHrn can bo found at the
An Important Juncture.
The present is one of the most im
pant epochs in the whole history of
our State. A transition now threat
ens us with evils which ages can nev
er remedy, Take South Carolina in
h' credit and her system of Judicial
government in the past and there is
not a State or a cnmmunity or corpo
ration under the sun that could out
strip her. And if the State in her
Legislativo capacity, in her Conven
tions, in her primary meetings, in her
press, and all her citizens individually
and collectively, had one year ago,
proclaimed in tones as unmIstakably
audible and impressive as Heaven's
artillery that come weal or woe, she
and they. .would not thol, and never
should, even entertain a proposition
that winked in the least at the im
lairing of the obligation of contracts,
to-day there would have bcen a finan"
cial capacity so wholesome through
out the State that outside capital
would not have hesitated to vitalize it,
It is true it is not too late to restore
the invalid. But tampering with her
now is dangerous in the extreme.
Stay law tonics and the broth of the
false hope extended to insolvent debt
ors, spiced with the tincture of repu
diation, will do the prostrate patient
no good. But she mast have purga.
ttaes, and active onos too.
For citizens to cry to the State for
relief of this kind now alluded to, is to
teach the State to relieve herself.
Bills on the Bank of the State are
held at a large discount now ; not how
ever, because holders believe she will
never redeem, but becacse ther6 is but
a faint hope of an early redemption.
But holders of those notes will ve'ry
reasonably conclude, ' the State im
pairs the obligation of contracts for
her tax-payers, that she will be likely
to do the same for herself. And the
conclusion is a just one ; and nothing
will save the State from the threaten
ed stunning blow which will paralyze
her credit for generations to come, but
the promptest, most unequivocal and
decisive Legislative action that the
representatives of the people can con
A Southern Li,temture,
What the South . has lacked, and
what will be a felt wyant in the future,
is a literaturo indigenous to -bersclf
(luring her long and brilliant career
fromt the foundation of the Southern.
States up to tihe Great Itevolution
which has proved so disastrous to them
adl. IIer social, political, agricultu
ral, industrial and biographical histo
ries have all been written byotsdr
who were only not imday itr
ested in her glory and prosperity, but
whio were not prejud iced to an extent so
prevalent, that they actually distort
ed and p)ervorted the ideas of our own
youth by innefidoes and false assertions
in.our school books for-which we were
dependent upon them.
Posterity and foreigners will read
on'r history froum the pen of our avow
ed enemies. The history of the
South for nearly one hundred yeal-s
pa1st is engraved upon the mnem ories of
the reading world only as it has been
recoided by those who would stir up
the hatred of that world against us.
The blessings anal contentment which
a ocru'ed to us so husg under the patri
avehal system of master and servant,
stand upon the pages of history (such
as it is,) only as they can be faintly
discerned,through the mirky haze of
prejudice, hatred . un~j jealousy. No
pear in that oud to reliev tlio' .drk
back grouand by exhibiting how much
domestic joy and light gleamed oot
from its bosom, No Boswells survive
that long period to build up classical
bigornphy as a monument to the
memory of thousands of domestic cir
cles in which joy, peace and happiness
dwelt, and owed their existenco to the
very nature of the "peculiar institu
tion." Who will write "Uncle Tom's
Cabin" viewed from a Southen stand
point ? Shall we not have the true
part of the South engraved upon our
Oultivation of the Peanut,
Small farms subjected to thorough
culture and made vastly productive
must now come into Vogue in this
southern clime. The oft quoted Lat
in phrase, mullum in /rrvo, ("much in
little",) will henceforth he the agricul
tural motto in this region. Euergy,
industry and economy will develop
resources not heretofore droamed of in
the philosophy of our rural popula
What will pay best on an acre of
land 1 will be the query now. Per
haps this question may be partially
answered by the cultivation of the
groundnut or peanut, a/ias pinder alias
goober. Upon sandy lands this will
remunerate the farmer. From 15 to
75 bushels may be raised to the acre,
The cultivation is not tedious, And
so useful is the peanut that it offers an
inducenient for its cultivation. It
pays very well at one dollar a bushel.
As forage for cattle, the vine is a id
to be as valuable as the b .st Northern
hay. The.nut contains an oil which
when prepared for lubricating, Or oth
er purpgses;does not gum. This oil
is used for burning purposes in the
preparation of medicines, and as a
condiment in salads.
Tho fsrty Law.
South Carolina is not kcoping pace
with her sister States, North Carolina
and Georgia, in the rapid strides
those States are makhfg in the devel
opment of their resources. No d ,ubt
one draw-back to her progress is the
incubus upon the free use of money
within her bounds. Thdse other two
States have so modified their usury
law as to open the way for capitalists
to throw in their means, It is ,to be
hoped that the next sessions of the
Legislature will not let the occasion
pass without making our State as ac
cessible to Northern or European capi
tal as any other.
There will huebe a and cry raised
for the relief of debtors, but Legisla
tors had better respond to that appeal
by oponing the channels for the in
gress of money, than by any attempt
to close up absolutely those which
have been nearly dried up by the
drainage of war.
The Charleston Weekly News.
-Thme daily News of Charleston has
for sonme time been on our exchange
list, and is always a welcome visitor.
Quite recently the proprietors, Messrs.
Gathcart, MoM illan & Co., have issued
a weekly paper called the Charleston
WVeek4y Newcs, which bids fair to comn
pote wvith the best newvspapers of the
day. It is a large quarto, ably con
ducted, and contains mnuchm reading
matter, both original and solce.tcd'
and is scat to subscribers for $$. dol
lars a year ; Semi-weekly $5. dol
lars a year.
The Eural Southerner.
Thme publisher, Mr. RI. M. Stokes, has
laid on our table copies of the flural
Sou(herner of 'thme 24th ultimio, one of
the handsomest and most readible pub
lications of its character we have seen
issued from a Southern press.O With
an energy that knows not the word
"fail," the publisher is urging on his
undertaking, though lhe has been be
set by difficulties that would have ap
palled a spirit of less perseverance,
if not have ibaffled it. Hism press cor
dered from the Nortlh wau destroyed
ith the to t o 'ba e r
D. Wagner. The Southerner desorves
the'patronage of southern readers,
A Beque t,
In behalf of the community we res
peotfully foquest our town marshals
to give notice of the meteoric shower
which is expected nightly, by tinging
the alarm l,'ll. If it come it will be
worth while to be aroused to witness
Report of the Trial of Henry Oastles,
We have doferred the publication
of the evidence in this case so as to
have it appear in full in the next
WASUtNOTO?, November 10.-A delega.
tion of prominent Vestern men. including
lion. Mr. Morgan, Member of Congress
elect from Ohio, onlled upon the President
yesterday, to urge the removal of Mr. Rol
lins and the appointment of Mr. Spoontr as
Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
Lieutenaut-Gcneral Sherman and lion L.
D. Campbell, Miinister to Mexice, sailed to
day for Vera Crux.
It is thongut that lenity will be extended
to the Fenian prisoner McMahon.
Late Mexican advices say that all North
ern Mexico, except Durango, is in Liberal
hands. Mexican territory is clear of in
diatts, 1tt. that of Texas, the fronfier mili
tary posts being unoccupied, is full of
The greatesteommercial cityof the world,
London, sends out no mail, anb has no pos
tal delivery on :uarday.
So neither dues Wiunsboro.
In Ohio, a machine has lately been intro
dueed by which a welt sixteen feet deep,
and one ineh in diameter, mnv be dug in
forty minutes. The nachin-e sinks an inch
pipe. The water thus produced- is said to
be pure and cool.
An Ari-.ona 'etter dated- October 12. says
a scouting party from Fort McDowell killed
and wounded fiftee' male Indians and .ap.
tured,two squaws and seven children.
The iartford. (Ct.) Tntiessays that the
barns, for miles around that. city, are stafted
with home-raised tobacco,. worth. more than
e millioti of doll'ai's.
lie! >Ron AvtiA.-The ship Golconda,
which is to carry a cargo of colored ptssen
gers to Afrio:i, arrtvod. In Charleston on
A ftooMY Vonsinoutso.-Dr. J. F. An
drews, senior editor of the Macon Georgia
Citizen. now on avisit to the North, writes
the folloilng, among other things, of date
October2',.to.h;s paper. The Doctor Is no
sei ationalist, and whit, therefore, -so
s.ther-minded ian as he mny Say, should
ahnli'lenge the most serious cnniuleration.
llirht here, ot:'Ctiwve the Uriin Ierald, let
uma-ay, for fw i':af being mnismatlerstood,
that. we hopr. 't)e4ontth, guirsantee or on
gumrantee.neeer will pass the "constitution
al ametidrt.ent,"j oveu. If . the act, keeps
her out. of the Union for the next five hun
dred year.e. lntito the extract .
"With referenco to the action of the South
on the tonstituti,;ntl amendment to be sub.
mit ted to their ebnsidoration, I have this to
any, as my opinion-not my wish--that, we
will hs.e to swallow the bitter draught. to
the dregs, or content ourselves with taxntion
without represcutation for, perhaps, years
to come I With 'this view of the subject
without intending to advocate the adoption
df th amendment--t. were perhaps best to
let t ngs take their course. Could the
South have any guarantee that no mnore
would be required of her than that now p e
sonted, it would perhaps be best to yield to
the imperative eircumstanees of the condi
tion, as has been done before, and submit,
with the best grace we can, to the exactions
andi humiliations'Imposed on a down-trodden
A YoevTnrur. AmPIcA xT ton IvtoituR..--A
youthful ap~plicant for divorce, at tihe Cir
entit Court this morning, *'aserAtified is her
desire to be separated fruom heri hu'sbandl.
The name of the yotug wi-fe- is iKiletu J.
Koeum, of Itilevilla, in this county. She
was married in May, 1864. when fourtfeen
years old. 11er husband a nman of nearly
forty years of age, said that he had formed
a fancy for the girl,- and. sIrs was old
enough to be nmarried, and hter parents at
length reluctantly gave their consent. The
loving couple lived together tor a few mnotnths
when the ill-treatmecnt by the husband,
which had commenced about three weeks af
ter the marriage, culminated in the wife
being turned out of doors. Ever since the
marriage, the wife asserts that sihe has beetn
supported by her parets, her htusbatnd re
fusing to- furnish het with eobbies, etc.
The divorce was granted, on the grounds
that the girl, when married, was tinder the
legal age of consent, and cruelty of the huis
band. As the husband Wasi proved to be
worth $1,400, an alimony of $600 was giv
en to t,he wife.-Deroit Tribune,
Oihttanooga Une of the 81st ult., learns
that a MeJ. E. 11. Whitman was to have left
Nashville on the 1st, en a tour of Inspection
through a number of Southern 8tates, and
will follow the traili of Bherman's famous
"march to the sea." Major Whitman has
been Instructed to report as .completely
ae possible, the list of graves of the Upion
soldiers, their locality, and the condition of
the bat tie-fieldir- of that renowned campaign.
At this eit.y they will be joined by an ecort
of tea men of the Fifth Regnlar Cavalry.
The party will be proevidedi .w.ibi ll nieoei
sat-y camp equipage, and expect "to be oc
sutmed over two months makin. t,otr,.
Our readers will h4vo been aware of
the fact tbat elections .odonrred on the
th in the $tates of.Mtesachusetts, Now
York,,Delaware, Maryland, New Jor.
soy, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan. Mis
souri, Kansas and Nevada; and of the I
further fact that the course of these elec.
tions was looked to with much solicitude
in every section of the country. It wa$
not expected of course, that they woulct
change materially the relative strength
of parties; but it was considered of im
portance to know whether the tendency
of public feeling was to sustain the Gov
ernmtent, or still further swell the over
shadowing power of the Repubilcan
Tha returns from all these States
have not been received, nor may those
which they have received be entirely
accurate, but it is reasonably certain,
however, that the Republicans have
gair.ed. There has been some diminu
tion of the Republican majority in New
York. Their majority in 1 865 was
27.800, andi it is now supposed to bo be.
tween 5000 and 15,000. It is supos
ed, also, that the Democrats have gained
in Delaware and Maryland, but; those
advantages have been vastly overbal.
anced by the returns already recorded
in favor of the Republicans. In hIas.
sachusetts they have gained 22,000 ; in
New Jersev 30t0 ; Illinois 10 000 ;
Wisconsin A000 ; that they have gained
in Missouri is announced, though the
amount isnot stated ; and in all the
other States, from which * reports have
not yet come in, it is to he inferred that
-their success has been more or less <de.
ci'ded. It is not to be exne:ted that
these result.s will have any practical ef
feet nprn the-course of political events,
It, was not to nave been expected that.
they could have been otherwise. The
masses of the North, to whom the - ap
peal was made have a common fee)ing
that they have achieved in the recent
war some greot. material advantages;
to them the restoration of the Onion
was not of the slightest consideration,
and when the Government went bufore
these masses proposing that, as An act.
of justice-to the South, they shoult per
mit the restoration of theUnion, but in
< bing so they should forego the power
to oppres it further,. and was met by
the 1Zepub'ieans with- the proposition
t.hat they shanld keep the States of the
South as provinces to be plundered at
pleasure. there could' have been no
reasotb:,l,le question of the course the
masses would approve., Men love jns
tice in thd abstract, but the iost of
them believe they pay every debt to
virtue when they praise her, and few
are willing to practice thiz or any virtue
at what they conceive to be their own
This must have been evident to the
Governmett before it accepted the is.
sue, airt as it is certait, it has determined
to sustain its policy-of restoratidn, it is
to be inferreA that its' course will be
independent of these results.-Carolina
It is-stated that a clerk of one of the
business houses of New York city was
sentt out recently to inquire the price, of
a dvaft of $4800 on California. le as
certained that It would be three per
cent., or $144. His principal direct
ed him to go to a well-known banker,
to see if better rates could not be ob.
tained. . Tio clerk mistaking the
name given him, called on Postmaster
Kelly, and was informed that his
mioney could be sent by postoffiee or
(ers for $24. This was an unexcpeet
ed condition of affairs ; money orders
hm:i not been thought of ; but after (due
consideration the sum it was proposed
to send,to California was forwarded
by means of these orders. The rate
was just one-half of one per cent.
BIaIlL VN,n PaAAuY.-Sonme fur
ther dates have been received relating
to the war between the Brazilians and
P'araguayvans. They are from Brazil
man source. The sinking ok the Rio de
Janeiro is confirmed. Her eommand(er
and sixty.four of the crew pe.rished.
Th'le Brazdaians successfully stormed
a fort, hold by the enemy, taking four
pieces of cannon, three flags and a
quantity of amimuiiion. Th'le loss of
thme Brazilians in.the assault was 200
killed atid 805 wontlded ; that of the
Paragiayans, wvas much heavier, as
over 700 were buried by h rzl
ianu. yh rzl
OHiAe$oTTE ANDI A'rrAliA RALCOADI
Wve had tho pleasure of meeting in the I
Court room, yesterday, Govsernor Grahiami
ad General Leventrope, both looking re
raarkably welt-indeed we thought we had
never aeon the (General'in such health. . We
uenderstand hie is the President of the aleria
line railroat rrom Atilant a via Yorkvlle It ,
this point, and that arrrangemont's are' now
pettoeted to jiusha it right through. This
Is an enterprise that .will certaInly make j
thuig a great polut ine theo transit route froxs I
th,o great West, and Sotithwest on tlie'East I
end Novth ....rlo-2. Ti.-.1
A letter from Alexandria, of Octobor .0,
"The cutting of the Maritime Canal of
h1eg, in the section from Suez to Cbalonf,
vhich was the last counmenced, is being
atried on with great activity. This see.'
ion is divided into tlire" parts--one th t of
he Quarantinid at Suoa,. tho other in thto'4
'lain of Suez. at a d:stance of four miles,
utd that of Chalouf, ten miles distant. The
itnber of cubic metres (the metro is about
1 feet 3} inches) to be removed in t hest
lifferont points of the canil is 16,907.240.
since the commencement %f the works 202,
i42 cubic metres have bee.n extraetel.
fhere conseguently remain to remove 15.
104,704 inct#es cube. 'The nu,nerof labor
)re employed on the whole line is 2200. of
whom 1500 are at Chanlouf, 859 hi the Plain
>f Sues, 860 at the Qi-rantlie. The ex
.raction is made at Chaleuf by metus of
teveral inclined planes rfith locomotives,
which present, the advantage of greatly as..
listing labor. Eighty mniners and two hunt
Ired laborers are occupied in' blowing up
he rock, which, in this place, is in the line
t' the canal, and of which the volume'is
4,398 cubio metres. At the preseoit mo-.
nent 13,850 metres hiave been retmoved, so
hat there remain 10.63. The average
nottthly work done on this rock beiog 2100
oubic metres. five mouths will still be ueces
iary before it is completely flnished. The
iarth-works in this place are, so to speak,.
insigniticant compared with the rock; they
amount to 113.500 oubicujnetres, of which
B7,915 have already been tolken away. -For
vstoe time past the recruiting of Arab la
borers has been made with facility, anid the
ergineers have succeeted in inducing Ihem
to use wheolbarrows instradofooflins, which
rte o th tmore coivenui;nt. If no obstacle
sho,, ariso to disturb the recruiting, the
prepat':ory works may be flnishetl before
lhe period o,;inally fixed. The works of
the qluarantine, and thoise of the Plaitn de
Stez. consist in cutting two parallel
trenches, which will give access tothe first
tdredging madhine. These trenches are 20
metres wide ani nearly 99 ccntimetres
tleep, andl are designated as Trench ofAsia
and Trench of Africa. At. tiho qarantino
these trenches are 4100 net res in length,
amid the banks of the liani'itno Canal arc
bus indicated for all this length, with a
trench on ench side t(o tcCeive the lredging
inchitfbs. In the Plain ofSnez, the Trench
)f Africa is excuted to a 1'ength of 2-100
ales, and that of Asia of 2400. Certain
it iications haverrrcntly been ntadt in
Ic lino to be tollowed iit the environs of
3:z. A mass of rook of 800.000 metres
imbe, inosrel of being cut throngh. is to be
ur"ned, anti this will enn:"titute a saving of
about 10,000,000f. (.C-100.00.) in the or
ginal estituate. By a recent decision of
.I Directors, the *ndth of the canal is to
>e 102 metris in- those parts in which, it lies
,Mlow high watcr."
BRECKINI-D6E AT BATON ROUGE.-I
il'e Baton Rouge (La.) Advnate of
th contains an piecdote of General
3reckinridge wIich we have never be.
ore hoard :
When General Breckinridge wat
narohing on B&ton Rongo ho one day,
inattondod by his aids, rodo up to a
olitary pinowoods vidct.to, who had
uat come in from St. Taminiany and
vas new to the etiquette of army life..
L'he General had not the pas.-word,
tnd the vidette had no advsntage of
mi in that respect.
"I wish to pass," said the General.
"Well, dod durn you, pass on, who
ares a cuss ; I ain't stoppin' this
mere road are I 3"
"You don't know who I am"'said
ho General, smiling.
"No, I don't ; that's a pooty loss
rou are on, anyhow."
"I am General Breckinridge, the
ommanding 'officer," continued the
eneral, much amused at the picket's
dea of the duty required of hint.
"You a., ar y.u ; well I'm 13o4
.higgers, an I am glad to ace you,.old
ellow how are you ?" repiled the~
>icket, extending a hiad as large'aa
'1 hie General shoolc hands and gal.
oped on to avoid some lengthy in
uinries about the hiealth otf ors.
Ireckinridge and thie family.
S-rAY LAw VECTO IN MISSstsirp.
lovernor Ilumnphreys,of Mississippi. itn
u recent message -vetoinig the Stay
aw passedl b*y the State Legish4,uret,
akes the ground that the act is .in -vios
ation of the State and Federal Consti,
utions, which are claimed to be omphiat
c on the point that no law shall be pass
d impairing the obligation of a contract..
nm the act in question. a stay is givenl to
ho debtor for the payament of the debt
xtending. over it period of four years,
ad the Governor argues that if this
IOWEr, thuts to stay execution, 6'Cist8 in
he Legislature, he can see no limitation
o its exercise except in legisl s
retion. If it'ho comnpccnt
'zecntion during). period of o1mv
is diflicult to pereive whta.there is to
revehnt an inde.fhitea ex tension. Trhe
isgislatutro post ponetd Itihe coinsitderaitin
f the veto nmessage till Januairy niexl.
A story is tola of a B3apist miisem
ty in Meodina, whd ha,d bfoomou higeud
p in land speentauions. Ont enttof in
de pulpit recently, hieannouticod to
onpu'regation, at the oponing of D)iv en
'rvici', that thto.text. wontli.hs foitdnn
I. P'arz's ephie, to the Mitmo4)Sotiansm,
.nLion fnar, ranu thr...