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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, January 16, 1851, Image 3

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and who, acting upon falso principles il
philosophy, regatrd property of' every
dseription a crime, %%ill by the elevn.
tion of its nstruminenS. get the entire
control of' ilh governmtnt nod prolceed
to legislate upion agrarian principles
which% will arry tle conservntive clias.
North and South.against them, and we
siall have tho Spectnco 4-f the Southi
IiAthiing th,- battles of ihe North for the
defenceo of an artificial system, in tie
establishment of which, th Somth has
been, by unconstitutional legislation,
drained of her resources. If we yet
out of the Union wit shall not bei comtipell.
ed to protect the No:t h from tIhe coise.
quences of its own self-destructivo ele.
meats. If we- se'cede, we matly stand
aloof aud leavo them to themselves; but
if we submit to a conslilidmaion of the
government. to a loss of our State sove.
reignty. we sh.tl at some future period,
tfoIceI to sustain the North by tihe
sam meant s that we have bee) alendy
to build it up. Consolidation is what
er. Calhoun warned us against. It
ma.y be defeated by a conflederacy,
or separato State action, in the. event
of our fuailing to frim a Sotithernl Con.
federacy. Every ote must then i adiit
that successful agitation at the North,
lbxcept foar efleting a cotisolidation
of the government is exceedingly pro.
blematical. The great issue now is Stiate
Suvereignty undi consolidation. By se,
cession we give the South atn issue
which will most assuredly unite it.
Air. Boyce's idea iiml that wie are merely
called upon to resist the Abolition ten
dencies of thu Gove timeit. Most fital
delusion-they ure no doubt th ultimate
: tendencies of the GoVernne nt, but not
the immediate. 'ir. Seward hUs uvow.
ed his policy-emLnntcipaion i- to be the:
result of consolidation. To resist enut:
cipation successfully, %%u mnust first re.
sist cotsolidation. There % ill no doubt
be a long pZ.use before the agitation oh
Nh slavery conmences ugain. It may be u
quarter of a century, but shoolI it oil a.
Pa . achle cbtntinmue, will tlit uoito the
or cause her to resist I It Is thust
iobable, judging from th past.
.but then bucomtes of co.operation by
luy. What becomes of a S >thern Uon.
eracy, which is thle end of co opera.
otn. -A Southern Cotflederacy hangs ac.
ally uplift spets/afion. And is tlu ex.
erease of Stato Sove-reignsty to depentd
on a doubqfht restilt.
o felluw.citiz--ns, our litnedy Is se
State action, but beCoru resorting
successful remedy ie are all
g to walt Until Alabama at 'Atis.
sippi iave ucted. und until tle i meet
g of our Stiste tiVentiti it. wi-ch E-aft
ot possibly assetmble beforu tile actiomn
of those two Stiatese this is thle ao of ite
land, and when the ConVentiun does
meet we merely propose aetimi before
the Anal adjouairtett tleretof, Which will
b the latter part of the year 1882, near
kid that ;uto taller w
lad Itlk".-. .,~mtur
Jvahqfe y pf the designse of Mississippt
An hTobtan, whsen %e say we go for
- Stao action, we imeun action
qlhe ite nths, or two years hei cc.
I 4AWlaldlution of' the State ins been:
Wtbch ma to prevent us from acting-before
t'hat ilme. None of us itre. None oh
-u cUin be fo, State netion before M issis.
ppi and Alabmn lave uct-d. aind when
esrs. Boyee nOd Ruhiland tell you they
ro oppo.,ed to imel rn'diate 811t14 tctiol.
they oniy sp'ak our setimenlt, no oie
cutn be it: litvr ol imnediate Stale action
who recogniso tite leaw of 'the land.
Messrs. Boyce atid YRutland, and I wish
to call most particuar ottention to the
fact, as it is i: this, that wo diffeir must
'materially. They me'nn that they are
opposed to separmato State action, aney
ine during the legal etistence of thn
otnventtion whidh tmust continmuo until
ethe tmiddle anod probtibly unitl the full of
1882. Thely In other-words willl tepposo
the State's abeession for t*o years next
ensuinig, anid that after we hove oncer.
toited wvhat Alabama and MississIppi
ntend to do-und' nut merely tils but
after the election of another President,
after gre.at political developmsent have
taken place. Well another still more
material differeneo is that in saying they
are opposed to Iflniediate sepa rate State
action:, they do not tell us t hat they are for
uldimatc Stale aclion. W lien you speak
of this, indefihite delay is the reply1 that
is they are In: favor of South Ourulirna's
acting when the other States do. .It is
absurd to call that separate State oction:
hich depend. upon the do acui of-the
,er States. Tihiese gent lemen are for
neither Immediato nor-uldmnate separate
Stat. action, they have unquestionpjbly
nevnttted the Union Platformt of 1832.
iluth of thorn ridisule the idea and cop.
4emn in unqualified terms the pullcy of
Sotit Carolina's forminig herself Into a
ate and Independent Governmoent,
that not show must conclusively that
7are opposed to separate State action,
aen aho ~tIississippi and Alabama tnot
ti. Thaflay be the platform of Messrs.
isyee and Rutland, but It surely was nt
that of Fairfield DistrIct in 188:8, Do
* they not pracul/y dl~make Stattoiovereign.
ty and withI it State. aghts, depend upon
the c~nine. of a Southern CGaufederaey.
utcertainly they do. They mtay say
hat they please about ti r~al o.Is,
s4ession,-.-what does It sipuufy it hyr
posed to Its praoU ecIfD*
* sannot subscribe tojis.i%*~
Baplatform. whish has been ehiAj
sru. Rutised and fliei! an' g
rdBaeoe an tsi wtwt i t were
to mnget porno s~thalr *.y
h~be et ~ et t than to
p to, lng s Weir api.
roahes, for 5f - ninan keep o . a
atch It la od he WIi' pi~."e.
r. CalhoSIl warned us.ni 1 fuett
finhte delay we shoted
'ing the very worst eu
o great emnd, tihe s1tiert
th Carolina Is befre as,- at
gaty. It may be atvesby Pp4
.It may ben forfitd abusl
.it may begnie hy w tiree.eI1
heo'st by huadqpni delay.
Boyce is incorrect whn he te
at the other, Southern Stats hav4
~ed not to uocede. MissIssIppI es
uma ure jet-tit toi his unerL
chia"ge. 'Te object of the Legislture
in liolding our election in Februnry
wias to give aid anid comfort to ti.
other State-.. It we organize a sub
miiSi1n Convention whlat encourage.
Intl wi.l they derive frtom such ak pro.
ceduro ? Will it not defeat all hopo 1
co-opo-lation I Will it not cause us t4
ltoe our sovereignty itself? Let this
Convenion be composed f mon pledgetd
to reaistance-nt /east before thu finlali
drgiurnmelt of the Cov:to, w.hicb
%%ill be ofter we have discovered whe.ther
thu oitliei Stit.es intend to co.perni e
n ith us--it will give strength to the re.
Si MtaiCe ii ties ill .i isst ipii amil A I:t
batenn ; it % ill ndvangee-our cii.opeirative
policy niore thin any thing we cnn do.
I Should till lI.is fiil 1io unite US, we hlil
I Ilieu have* a Ciovention which will prneti.
cnlly ex..rcise the right ofsecession. The
presti;;4f the Union being once dispelled
boy Il. secession, should the General
Govet ient alterupt co.crcion either in
tho floin of active invasion or bloodless
blockade it would l have, in either policy
to declare war lsgaitst us. 'lhIs would
presiit it rallying issue to the South. one
whicb would unqueftionably unite us.
It would be a blow not mert Iv at their
institutions but ut tlieir'sovere'gnty. We
lhve tituly the synpathies if large
parties in the other States, 30000 in
Geo rgo in lone, One drip of Somthert
blood, t Lvgington skirmish, w% hich must
be inevitible, if' Ir. Boyce is correct,
when lihe speaks of' the horrors of wilr,
% ill give un the constituted author ities
of those Stits ; in this way we shall
yet have a Souithern Contfi diracy.-at
any rite "e shall Lavo independence.
We have now arrived at the lust stage
if our argument. Should South Caro
lin achieve her independence -s it na.
tion, what woult be her positiot? The
ide, Mir. loyce exclitims, of* sucl a
thing is sto prepvsferous, that lie hurdly
knows u hat to say in regard to it, To
miy grent surprisbi ie l)eatks in the most
radnting upiI/tets of South Carolina Us ta
Republic. Does Nir. Boyce suppose for
a mometi that f'reumnen can be r idicuh (I
out of their most sacred rights, A po.
pulItion of milltios and immense resour.
ce nmity be necessary to comprise tI
ponerl'u! tnd tttn opult empire, but not
to forit a happy, a proilieros and atn
iidepindenat ntriion, whiil we Would be.
As to the culniitles of' wir, hieh Mir,
Boyce depicts in a munner more
cultulated to operate tipon your fears
than t* 5 rtuie yuur revolutiunitry pirit,
I cun not see what is tee cuuse them. Ili
our Aniiet agricultUral pursuits, we
wtoLuld fltnd saity ut.d a tottil exemiption
from war. Our policy would be essen
titlly poetfie. The policy of lite great
powers towards Us would be the sitme.
As to thi ir settled policy beitg hostility
to our institutions, it is ull down right
fudge. All thu great powers united to
us by lie inost cordial commercial alli.
unces mtiiglt catot our
to iateeefri- ill any manner with the jim.
duction of cotton. Stop the looms atid
the shuttlt of' tiny Cuieinrcial nation
and you immediattely puralyse her in
dustrital energies. We would be it'
,pence with all theu woild. As it is now
we uro most bitterly oppose d to the'
North. As to the govc-rnenuit it would
be ndinitstred upion the samnei econo.
tinici principles that it is now. Our
taxes would not be iticrensed n snillitig
tiey wou!d.bn less, atnd what the North
ainuily robs us of by the turiff laws
would'fir nore than cover the e-xpendi.
tures of the Government. Our sotiples
would'bo (reightd as 1hey now arte In
British vessets. We would have totfliag
to ittuhl. No eapensive navy to sup
port. Our foreign relitdotns woud be
putrely commnerctal. would haeve
ino fhoein embsIes tkpup. Con.
suhe tthose salaries-wouraQi iperqe$.
'-ites of their offices would- e-tslunau
for all purpioses. --Our rash counsel.
bor.," to w hom Mr. Boyce olludes, would
be engaged itn no world wide diplemney
to itivolvo us in difficulties tif any)
kind. Indeed, in the jttrring interests
nnd coiflicaing policies of greater poaw.
ers we would recognise our security.
if our republican institutions were
noxious to England or European
narchies, our republican enemies
this conatinenut would protect us. If
our dlomelstiC institutions tieso odious
to the over sensitive pilathtlrophy of
the .Not th, the South would protect us.
An attack upon our insuiutionit, this
State being in or out the Unkone
wnuld atrouse the wheolo South. He
sides, if out of the Union we mIght
them ticee pt the overtures for fiee trade
now ma do by all comimercial -nattiuns,
our iery-proeperlty wou'd be most int.
vitIlngentd would lie a most strong~ In.
ducteent for -other Brates to~ secede,
especially if these oggressions continue
which Mr. Boyce speaksens [email protected]
of, and heore I would ask, if these aggtes.
ulons are continued what will -prevent
South Cqrolina from uniting with the
other'Southerna States whent they shall
havo seceded fromn the Uniont, can she
not acocompishin'time, out of the Uinlin
what new iis soid she maty in time effecot
in the Union. If delay will accomplish a
Uentlerg Centedersof it wtil accomplIshi
It whetle.r South Usrolina remains in
ble Utdn et goes 9ou1 of ii. We pas,
ee in -aft fadoent. Agree thQ et ifra is.
tamning ptiholple awe may sustain our.
soles s a peopiefreor, certainly 1long
sO4wgha~ lh. Soth tbs united, l'hese
grer.atet '*wdre all theroughly in
vto ated hi 16.thetengged the at.
tonBt 4four &akst me., Our great put.
teal killosopher, Calhoun, took a very
dlIg'rent-view ofthe subtjet- ftMeksta
8oyoe and :IutwjpD~e
that greet qpaater toI4eon r
The pospest1#f
4theI iatnionei resta apd irnies
the shla ? fthe leont sad moa
videtofhis eloquence. Mrl
tienid tinks otfterwlse, he belevet
ib Cr iis will Mot a moest rldieu
Otis fere.' ~ po atoso
sod R re I si y eseeid te me, hai
isseaesrt aowds ~ h
ntik, would be the position of South
Carolintia in the Union after base sub
mission.-Ier sovereignt y lost. her honor
g-ne, her equility forfeited with the
slaves of the wh ole South. rapidly in.
creasing iii numbers nod talled up ins
prison bounds.-.their la bor valuless, their
masters emacllCipUting them to get lid of
the responasibility of supportiig them.
'hink of the cotsequences. pompulationl
socially distinct, and yet locally inter.
inigil--ne ha' unre-trained, fnat re.
turning to their original stato of sniv.
Sagisi, anIrked by the sensual propen
sities of the brute. What conception
cnn be more shockiig or more alppalbhag
than this. Mr. Calhoui truly remarked
in 1832. let th., consequeices of resis.
tanlice be what they may, they cannot
c(l'anl thoso thtat would result from sub,
laission, this is still npplicbhl- :o us.
Mr. Boyce has alluded to the com
purative insignificance of S..uth Caro.
htin am111on04g the family of nations. I-Ie
spenks ,f her as a counterpa ri of the Ilit.
tIle Republic ofSati Marino." the 'Inaugh.
ing stock of' the World.'' This term
would app.ly with uar more forme to her
if she remainel iii this Confederecy a
coninered Province of the North. In.
stead of being the free and happy Re.
public of San Alarino,she would be cailed
little Giascony, and her sons would des
Cend to posterity " as the greatest of'
boosters aid the basost of cowards."
Ir. Bo c. after hving erected his
pantform, quite suddenly becomes con
scious of its weakness, lho sees it totter.
ing, tas it were, and Immediately be.
gins to think how he shall support it.
It is at once lot tfied with the honaored
names or Cieves, Barnwell aid uiuiler.
As to the two last tinted, the assertion
is utteily groundlers, so far as regards
authentic evidet cv. I hove never Coind
in the ir speeches any ithing (if the kind.
So liar lo6 that. Ir. Bitriwell's rpiy
in the Seaite to Ir. Clay's attack upon
South Carolina, indicato any hilng but
submission. Ir. Butler's prompt effart
to get the floor, was as expressise as any
I cmiI's I ks he could have made. lie wtts
all indignution. As i) t the position of
MIr. Chieves. you must keep in mii
that " have Iwo distinct policies, co.
operation and secession. Mr. Chieves
l-is advocated the lormer ever since
1802. I1I very conisistenly advocates
it at presenti. The Policy is a %at onie
-the conception is a grand one. I was
delighted to hear that the Legishature
h:d alosI untnimously aillointed him a
Deptaty t, the Southern Congess. I
wi-h thim to be the advocate of his own
great cnuse. Let him carry to hia task
the lofty purpose of th disitcrested
statesanil, the ardent zeal of a pattrio.
tic heart, mnd the mighty ene'rgis of a
vigorous iitellect which have been
aroused to uction by hii- country's
wrog4. But should ie f 11 to procure
the co-opurationi of the .Wel we
15 , U WHIC r.,., s
opplsed, and in oipoiln 4 p
thi. adopted policy of Btal .
ir. Cheves neu recognise he Odnvos
of co-oliration--ii e1r. Calhoun we
recognise the chaIIipion of it Southern
Confederney, as the firat measure, and
ol seleriate State act Itin 1.s thefnal. Let
us pursue co-tiperation set I.,ig a the
other States in Convintion nuinlest
an inclintitiont to unie with us. If
Mississippi tnsI Alab na, like Georgii,
determine to submit, why co.peration Is
at un end-the State ReKtts PIltfolin of
secUSSion becomes innedliately the pol.
icy of the -Sttie. If %%e abuaidon tha0t,
we tabnandon the enviable position the
Stiate occupied in i882. We do emore, we
nbuandoned the long settled poley of the
Stoic, the great principles ouf Ct relitnt's,
depiortd Staetesmnan, which heaving re.
ceived LegIslative sanection, form not
nierely the ,peolitical Wentimienits of the
man, b4t 11.e Constiutional -Jurispru,
dmnc.e f -thii Stete. Let not his mem.
oa y be cherIshed-In mionuamental miarble
with tan epitaph to -which we no longer
practically tadhere, but rather let him
live int the liearts of hisi count rymeun,
und let their veneration be mianifested in
the adoption as wveIl as that prtactical op.
plication of his p:itncipales. Never let
'it be said lia state wasi tiost honored
when livlig, least revered when dead.
E. G. PALMan,. Jia..
or Nhcj. W.8~ . Lyt.Ks, Dus:.zyan-s -rams
H~ousa ow RhrassurArivgs.
Mrt. ChAirman :-Unused sir, as I am by my
habIts us a planter, to stuob public speakink, It
Is with great diffidenee.I ventuiro to address
yon. The importance of the sotbject however,
moist 6e mty apology, if any Is needed, for the
briei treps'R propose to mako upon your
' tienets wolfa5 uttd otts eomnaeitteet it
Iadmitted on all hands, that the question of'
our %deral Rtelations Iivolves matltS '6f
greater and graver importance mianm any whkl
have ever heretoftoro -elaimed the deliberahileu
of this body. Indeed, I might with psr*et
propriety assert, that the Itevolution itself, is
overshadowed in importa nco, 6iy the event4
tranmpiring, and soon to transpire around Ues
'l'st was a contest fear ptineiplo, this foVi life
itself, as well as principle. 'That was, waged
for a trifling tax upon tea and pa ,er,-th is tq
proteet, oar social and politieml inslltutions,our
property, our livos.
I shall tent weary thme patience of the doam.
mittee, by oven a recapItulatIon or oar wrong.
'T'hese are known and felt -no one Cretends to
question them-they are unIversally. acknowl.
edged. Shell we submit ? None here ventures
to counseh this unmanly and eraven ederse.
All admit we must seek redress-must apply
some remedy. What then shall It be ? Not
dieun,'on surely. for two years ag we de.
ohared by solemn resolve., that the timne for
thIs had past, that the argument was exhaust.
ddea-not protest and remonstrande, fler these bot
stofte~ the scorn and 'derision of or eneasi-i
spnintercourse, for this is but aplysv
falmfar short of the sat o( the ds.,.
then I repeat la the remet It bs,
meeh nd the formellen of a &ahern
(Jsefedercy." ThIs I solesmig hallste ita~a
only way under Heaven, whsebrj ds ese b
saved, add I rejoice assa mati, ast a patrIot,
that open this point, there is no'dividen asn
I Bat for the seeeapilset thissp
o fer wishes, sII'admi rs '.ha ns
eooerto a a
tbts b ined
} .Wmr s a nh stU3*
I ,Iahout 4ta. al igPli
prortant do I clcem co-operationl, tihit in do.
furenco It) thieir opinionms, and for the uakn of
hartnonry fming ourselve4 as well as t , aff'rd
tOne to pace lie Slate in a conoition of com.
pleto defence, I an willint td wail, but how
longiR Not certainly (as has been intimated as
probably necess.ary) ten years, or five. or three,
but one cnd noc morece. I non unwillig top wait
longer, becanmso forsooth, I loncitly believce
that if the sl.ve States cannot he arouscil its
that time to a sense of Ilh danger onenticing
us all, it will lie folly if not madness lt wait
longer. Upon what d"p genillirnen found tlh-ir
hopes of c.olieration ly ifelay ? No certain!y
1p 1n anmylhiong w hich oppears iiiiup in the iolit i.
cul muriate at this tiie. Dowe fio)t see in all
the Southern State,. a dispisition to shrink
front Oh contes, t) submit to present wrongsit,
and l.y down new pilatiorms 'nr tihe ftiire, to
be standoned.jcdging from fthe pet, as soin
as new " ggresiomrns are committed. In proof
of what I say, look to Georgis.our colerminous
slotut on the South. tier Caavention is now
in session, doing what 7 Deal.g ways and
imeans, to protect the interest, the honor, tie
rig latio nd property of her people ? No air, but
d.-vising tihe waym ..nd menna to conciliate the
Federal Government, by backhag nut uri quiwk.
ly arid anboothly as possilit, Iron tihe high
positim heretofore assu'nted b br Legislature.
Witi tle einbiltered feelin of tie contest
through which sh his phas 1. upon this vcry
sutajct, now rankhlng in t boeooms of her
people--with flhe flush of -vie amid pride of
parry consistency still grean is their inenrories
- with the boilc of reward hldout to her poli
ticimais for their betrayal of their country, by
lie " powers that be," is thereany reasonable
hiope that slie will soon wheel niu lne ? I fear
riot. icre too, is .tlissisilpi, whom we all
counted upun as certainly a V ler own l'alnotto
State? It is tru she hias cal d a Convention,
but tby so.miragre n majority. % to render early
if any co.operaionar, anoNi hoph~elrss. Tle
very fact of tie postponiemeti of her Convon.
tion to Pit reiote a period is to rmiy rminali
"coiviction stlrong as proof o lloly Vrir, that
her people aie niot yet reui , amid that she
loioks to Souith Curoliu to I ako the aisno for
her. Arid where is the on noble old o.
inioon ? YearA ago, Jlin liandolph declared
she had lost time breed of nble.tloods' andi
I feir it it; troe, for she, even ie, has faltered
nd fallen bucK from her hig position, aban.
don. d. sittricleawly abandone, the ground as.
sumned two years ago, by l.i Legislttire in
roleimn resolve. Can she s aroused Not
certainly by pat wrongs, so ecy by new ag.
gresmons of lime Federal overninmer. Ini
'ight of fle Fedural Capitol witja " tile ever
louves and two fislie' sli :ng ii her very
nostrils, overrun by a mkee population,
which like tie locusts of E lt have settled in
countless bordcs, upon eve nook and corner
of her fair inierilance, it ill provo at inore
than Herculean labor for r true and noble i
friends there to arouse her om time deep, sleepI
which mnow overwhehins I . What I have I
suid of Virginia, Georgia nd lismisiipmi, is
true to a greater or lesser e mt of every olier I
alave.ho;dng Stato in time nion. lelays sir, I
are sonmenies as dungere iI tie uff'airs of I
nations, as individuals. L1 tle present occa. 4
sion pass by, let tire peoplo time Sou I become I
once anore inv.,lvud in a d gracoful scramble I
for time l'revideicy, and u voice of boulh I
Curolina proclainming resist ce W'm tho tyrnny C
of tile Federal Governn , will be like tie I
voice of one crying in I wilderiess, -with -1
none to her, none to ie . Then will lite a
emmse of toie South be lost f er, amd in sack.
cloth and ash. s we mammy rimo m over the ruiin of
the fairest portiain of God' reation, wrought- I
out chiefly by uur own apa , indiff'erence and i
Not so, howevr,' it w - .-,
Let us then oppoint depu a to a soupthr
Conmgrm*e, and call a Coav mo
of this Stute to Intel u c o ee
no conies, and
wn filr? effort,
er The groat
o State oirt.
new, so unex. a
[or, thant it will 0
It will arouse
our sister tol itrgy, it will inl.
spirit our fiendi, I Will figlq. our enemies. to
If .otjugalion baittetptd. iinthern State a
dare stand idly b and *itnes mo struggle,
for iair ruin would be theits, flu iumph their
release from a worse than Rtarn baindago.
a el
No sir, however rash arid pretste they mightd
esteem such action on our parthe ioment
time blow is struck, that mumionail serious di.
visions cease. A community dnterests and a
cuimmnon sense of danger, m'ustilte us for aIt
cormnon osfety. Such las beelislorv--such 0
will be history again. The ot&f the colo- q
nies during lime revululion, whmihs breen oiled
by thu genitlenmanm fruom Uhmarlestimn favor of ei
delay, is a case in poinit, aflhrdira be'autifmul C4
illustration of limo rthm of time pltionm. WVe
all knuw thait aim houghm there wm corrempmn.
ddheo berween them, timere wasitminig like
comceort ar.d union urmti! Masacheletta trimck
lime bliow .at IA'exingon--iil oiot-ais spilled. m
If with such a dia'ersm:ty of Mlere, such a
difference is climate, soi land . nom, suchr
ar. alt ocmemnt to the litmalbo ,pdastitutliona
of lime old wmrid, so, simail a e0ba6 Compilaint r
when enmmared to ours, 'uth m colunaica a
ftobled amid unarmed, the ac ni tMasusa. fe
cimusettecoumld unite his-old I iterlito One ri
bond of remistance; hmow moe egirobable, p1
nay cortain is it,-hat thec trati icfthi Car. O
olin., will unmito time fourcans ag dpoawer.
fui slave. 8tato1 imtV a sinmilrat m6 strong. .
or hormd? iake thme colioniemi nidre have
lmng compilined of, arid prot led msmnat our
wrongs, lIIke themwe have iha correumdenoen
wiltimn parti-e aggrieved, I -us, vi, like
Alassachmusiti., precipitate t Issues somon
s time most vigorous prepnara't it wilps for cc
defence. WVo are now sullil ntly usd for "'
-litii puarpose,-pertfeet unlaanimb We coiver '
hoppe for--no cause ever he .- Tme were
tornes and lrmuitorm In tite Rev lertion, ijiere w
Will, be. now. Even .Puland a~d &ey ar
ecrushed as lthey arc by..14p iro 'belko po.li
turm, have always hadt degen ate son 'tdy ~
to hick thu red that smkte. 1 , and sqmeirfr
country for a prine. Cap- we pa fur p r
tmonr freom ths entaum-lot of 411 nationrm
TIho gentleman frein, hlar s M~m tim
bliingdq edifd'. r.t~ition Wah'r ala dr
distinguished -etizoiir ano(Najiste, o- .h
hing up to sdelay,.ttyqit, the ehmnglrin o pa
of ant lster Sta tes., I 'Gmo, sitamule I g
at, have a oreepondtatri iisselPPimet c
not entirely unaknewa de fam, adhna inites cd
delshy, nvot for a timss, kut girt now issuaro'p
maid., ebleh nover wilJ be ma ,,until lhe bit wi
of submilssion will hiavia be. so strong ma of
extirelse, ltat Wje' seonmd att it we mb o
lsuiosible toi hatke hofuf, fat w ontm . du
Tihmis geleman fitces, Ihiat i thm - to
Islat.re hag 'fl sustained t n
Iaat, it is as n l s fate th opiemhi so
iapdtrain an next fisll. seashy ex
behietv, and only mni onlit It - dett hem
toa the tesliisony Introdueed niltan tIo
ffom Chialeston, and to thereins
some et least within the bee lssilppi ap
even who believe.'Ae i th epi-ek, hma
wsrd. If thte corrspisdt tlan th<
be sorteel, mur aethon WIN lb864o. be
gress of thinge-Ifa d his dm0o ..
aetion-willasuhel nt.: ee''
lhkew,B ysn Ciin~a 6e
is looed tdi W 4 ofahe s
aeether, ass ,O'mlast is
eematu4 Dhd~eeskein. n
ista t aasm
teareas tltedhat' er
e-e. :unweld Id ha
reapt bmisr el ,
positiotm, her courage. her unity of sentiment
fix this upon her as her destiny. She cano
evade it. if sho would.
.r. Chairman.-Ileving indicated separnti
$,ato scelssiont as our duty, sa soon an wo inc
the co-operation of our sister States hopeless
which fact can be aNcertained if ever in twplvg
months, the question presents ilsoif--havo we a
right to secede ? This I hold to be suscepti
bla of the clearest peroof. The right to sered
is but a incident of that sovereignty, whief
the States reserved, whea they acceded to th<
present constitutional compact, and im intelc.
table from this very nuatire of that compact it.
self. It has never until I ately been deniied.
The very framers of the constitution neid its
cotemnporancous oxpouidern, admitted it to
tie ftillest extent. Mr. Madison, unqtestion
ably one of tie ablest of them all, said in de.
bato in cony, altion, -If we considevr (he Fede.
ral Unioa ha analogous, eat to "ocial compacts
amonmg individual men, but to time conveantions
among individual States, what in the doctrine
resulting from thee conveiitionas? Clenrly,
according to the expositors of the law of ia.
tiona, that a breach of any one article by any
one party. leaves all the other parties at liberty
to cotsider the whole convention am dissolved."
Could aniy opinion be matore full und satisfac.
tory 7 iet, ir. we are not iet to groniepe our
way ins the dark--to rely ulioa the opitions of
fabllble anen, be tlcy ever t-o able upon a salh.
ject of sueh vast inportaice am this. Thae
State of Virginia, jealoii of her rights, (I
would she were so now.) whea cal!ed upon to
ratify tha Federal constitution, del.rel ina
substanee, that the polwcrs delegated to the
Federal Government rav be resumed by
them, (the people,) whensitever the same shall
be perverted to their injury or olppression."
New York ndopted at the ime iate, similar it
not stronger laiguage. This reservation of
Virgiia amid New York tamst, of cutrse, imre
to the enefit of all the other piaries to the
compact, or thatt political elniality, which cotn.
ptitutes the very hasis of cla whole goverti.
mental fabric falls tit once to the ground. But
niore than thi, alntist every Stato, if i mins.
lake not, embraced in its aIt ill of rights a de.
Hlarntion that subamission to arbitury power,
was slaiish itt the higlict degrec, &c. Such,
%t least, was the declaratioi aif North Caroli
na, when the apirit of old \locklenibtrg was
rife in the land.
Before I ditmiss this brancah of tlae subject,
I desire to bring tto the ateice of hie Commit.
ec a practical example of secession unaader our
nwn government. It occurred tinder tlhe old
rtieles-of Cuonfederation, ntd Virgiaia as usual
ma tho1c days was the chief actor in the sneac.
I subistitute the language of another as le
leseibes the whle miodus operandi and renialt
rur better than I could.
"When the Articlcsof Confederatinm were
idopted, they aeceived successively the assient
)f every Stitte, anl iounil nto Stato umntil its a
ent witas giv n. ty these articles a Union was
ortined, and onle of themt, the thirteenth provi.
led that they should ntiat be changed witlhout
he auctt of every State comprising the Coan.
ederationi. Aid alto same article declared
hat tlhe Union shall be perpetual.' Yet the
.overnment of the Cutfederation, like ahat of
lie existiang Uniona, was found tinsatisfactory in
iractice. And after propositiotns lisd b'en
aude by Coageoss to tle States, and by sonc
f themt oCotgrena, withoati effect Virginia
ook the lead aid appointed Commissionera to
acet similar delegates fromt such other States
a wero -willing to confer together to change
hat system.
Five States only, at first tok part in this
novement viz: Now York, New Jersey, Petn.
ylvania, Delawaro atnd Virgiisa ; and their
omtmsaioners met at Ainuptlie, itt Septema.
er, 1786. Ne w Hampshire, Miassa chusetts,
and and Nortl Carolina also appoii.
edcommissioer, ione of them atteided.
e~d *C, e~nd~lo1crs ion r Maw
l'ho Annapoh Conve. lch a
a'Mhdel hlia. where delcguttes froi twelve of
ac States attended. They adolited a plan of
Constitution, which was signed by thirty.niac i
eitbers out of sixty-fivo who attended. Half i
I the Masaheliusetls -delegation, a niajority I
r the New Vork,Virginia aad Georgie dele.
atons reftsed to sign it. Such wa-vis the want
r tnnitimity thena. Not one of th delega.
onts which assnmb!ed at this Convention was
uthorized to fut a new Gonstimtion, or to
ceede froft the thena Uion of the States.
ut they did bath. Such m,'naa am Get. Wash.
agtOn, Jus. Madison, Hen. Franklini, Alexana.
er laimilton, John Rutledge and the Pinck.
:ys, resolved ta do both. rite articles of
oifedoration ilpulated for a perp. ltuul union,
td required any amendment of these atticles
be ratified by every Staite. And the articles
the Confederation were ratified without t
ialification, by all the States. There was noa
scrvation of a raghat af secessioat. Beat Geet.
al WVashingto~n anad lain asnsociates, wtilthdut
en authtority front thecir Staten, and int de-.
atnce of thto e xlpress teraas cif thec Conastitution g
ider whmich thtey lired, deliberately proceeded,
maake a new Uonstitsion ad to procalm i
e'enimon anid disionm fromt such States ias
omald not agree to it. Fear it was madce at
tiole (7) intht ~e aw Consttituotion, thasat the
tificationt of nIne Staten shoueld be sa~fijoiientI
r its entablinlhment het wa en the, States 5o
tifying it. and theref.tre fear thceir secession
d1 separation freom thme rest, if theo latter late
rred the Unaion already existicag. Now if thte
ht of secessihon be denied, theo fratmerr of the
cseunt Cianstituet iota were all traiters--trators
no~IIII~t of recessioan frotm an
eperpeteual, renaintg, hoew.
utionc of thais miaore "pearfec~t
bus provaeat, such a witherinag
id tintmtigated curse, uapon it ltole dott.
Virginaia and other States had a righit to ne.
do fromc theo one tot small catise, howa mela
arc right have noe to secede treats the otheur,
iaen Uls whole powoer. hee been perverted to~
r aainjury and oppression." nu~ieot,
aeld ask vhtat htave wve goo d
d suerineg aof thme Re~ j ~
erally ntothin mg. We k
rananyot onu, for the d e
~eeiona be revolution, ta a w I:
am -Grcenveile cont ends, e to
act the bloody scenes of ,Yark. ~
san anti Treiaton over again., It we have in m
a last resort no paeaeai'ble remedy for the re.i
eselb ourgriaeoancss, tieri have we lost by (
snge of eaeiters, amid for one I stand iare'
redf to endorse the declaration of the lII n.a
ntleman, (Mr. Mlemmainger,) railher thtan
tatinue untder sucht a governmcaent, so unlimit.
Ina Its-ehtaracte r, so uaplpeascale ien-its alp.
tites, no lull of its outtrags and wroniga. I
>uld maost cheerfully returnt under the power A
the Biritish erownt. But, sir, we hmave ato It
casioni to do eIther--a meanly discharge of
ty at thisime, wall save cun (roam submnittngF
thes une or Accsinag to the oether.,
flute sar, what will be thec coarnsequcuces of
ressaon by a single State ? I have already
pressed ay aonviction, that it will at onee U
di to an unin of the South, and thte formaa. C
na of a Southcen Goafederaey. If, however, b:
this reasonaeblo hope we are doomed to dia."
poiantent, eana weo sustain near cacus, single *~
ailed snd ahone, againast the whole power of[
s Federal GAovernmnt? The odds would
fearful, bet with truth, jusatce, sight upona
aie, I -shotald goforth **fesu te eviL' .
lie race Is net was s th Ue asf er th.
Sale to lte stseg." We bee tUct mee~t
stliafsallpeprata~isamolsee a esstest,
aliexedanddetresandwil ofour people
ver to submnit. It is trme, as taso Men. gen.,
man Wee Reesew assred, tsmt ha atrret.
sti tof view,,. see t ready
ibre Unto.. drdyance I
re, hnum e .tAadyet,
:G m ug m weaebetssup d 5 iethah
9e ose oteC msm,
Nuiber iii the hamnds Io mil.
itia, from otie to twelve
pounds. : I
SMAL, Anmss.
[it the depots at Ciarlebton
at Columbia, there are
stands of siall arus. 12.170
In tie hands of the sMilitia, 3.578 15
Swords and pss1ols uro not included ic
estimate of snall arms.
Froi this it wi!l he sect Shat we have asn
gregate of upwards of 50,000 mten able ti
duty. Of th~ese we can briig ito the fiel
necessary, nlot leps thai 30,00U, and still Ii
elnosugh in) tei couinry to kecpi ip the nececs
police, and rarry on all our agricultural i
rationiw. We havi guni ensough to arm 15,(
and when we take into consideration, I
every man has his rifle or double barrel
it iSl not iser Sling too iuihII to say, we
effectively arm double that number.
wholo of the colonies at the contiencemen
lhe Revolution, had but four pieces of ordnai
I understandl, while wo have 128. and y4
agree with my ilon. friend from Kershaiw, (
Glesnu.) that we should have mnore, an
stand picParod to vote the necessary nop
priationi to bring the supply up to what
needed. But oo:evy. too, is as essential on
tlhe contingency contemplated, as men
mnlliiitions, aind how will it be raised ?
have twen ty millions worth of produce. I
raw material of enlon, rico and grain wh
uiist go abroad, and as the imports aro ge
rally equal So the exports, a duty of 20
cent. ad ralores, would raise us tho sum
four millions of dAlars. fis', say, gentlem
tin Federal Goventnit will bl.ockade <
ports and cut of this supply. Well, I hsople
A blockado is Its mnuch an act or war, as
invasion by land, Uid will arouse the indigi
lion of our sister States jnst as quickly. E C
would be a blow at a asvereign State. iII
uiual, their confederate, which would be ftl
a blow at theinselves, to be resisted at ev,
haz;ard. int could we snot bear the incon
nience of a blockade for ia snort t imne, for <
year or two ir iecessary, for lth aite k
great principle and for self prc-4eivation.
not we have sally degenerteLd in spirit fri
our noble and self-deiniii: anicestrs-we :
not prepared to aLtemtIl the re.achieveint
our lost liberty. [ut, sir, we can and
bear this if iccessary, and Snore. Wc n
bear the heavicst kind of nur.tux 1o sual
our cause. For the last thirty years, we ia
contribuit d thirty dollars out of every huidr
of She hard earnings of our industry, to s1
tain and build up the North, and no,)w, if ice
sary, we will contribute at least olso Senth
build up and sustain the South. Our rel
from Northern taxation will enab!e us to de
-our patriotisi will pronit the oflerint.
Mr. Chairman, the separatlon should be perm
able, the reasonsjust cited will upply wiih sI
greater force, to our abilily to suistaii eurslv
us un independent State. Hlolding mo our op
und spac;uus harbor, tlie key 1, the commine
of nearly the whol South Wat; with R
Roads, now diverging in every sLrectio ; wi
free trade or comparative fice trade witlh
the world ; uith a territorial arca larger ll.
many or the Gerumit Mates; I can Fse iiot
ing, that can posibly celck utir rup d sirid
to wculth, greatness, aid glory as a people.
I cannot closc sy remarks, " ithouiit Sot .0,1
what fell friuom tise 1ion. gentlesisani fso
GreenviLe, a few days ago. I regret sir, th
I caniot respond to a single sentilseit lie it
utiered, inl beisall of this glvmoris u1ion,
mean no persoinal d-irespect when I deel.s
before God, that there is not a sing:le cord
my bosom, that beats responsive to lis wish
t, save it. lIe has cloquently, most eluelses
ly dwelt ulon its greatness ind glory. I
what sir las made it great and glorioi, bi
She inistitution.. ,*l- -l anatle production
Imay as well fell.,
a , o -rMce have whl
loed every sea.
For myself I do not love it, -on the cot
rary I despise it for its wrongs. its oppressios
ta sults-I despise it for the robberics us
nurders that have bect committed ins iti nom
and under its sanction, upon iy countryis
If te South, Twelve rmontIhs ego, I was
isuntonist ulosn a certain -contlingency, I ui
yow a druerionist per se. I would simsh
o.norrow ir I could, even if the North woul
low recede from their posit ion, give up tll Il
eritories to the British line onl the Norl
ease their agitations upon this subject of sl
'cry, restsro lite Constitution to its origimt
mlrity, aid give us new guaranties for its ft
ore observatnce, I would not coisient to r
snin. No air ! I wish its fellow.<hip with it
icolev, whose whole hiWsosy may be sunimo
ip in tIe siniglo word plunder. Thi ce tite
Iiroady have they deceived us will their cost
tromises, thsey wsll deceive mie ino more. Th~ler
opelitance of the wroaig donie it rs I psnted of a
Ii, wvould be like that uS thle psrtnce oif Sths is
ernsal regin, toss insincere Sto be iriusted.
Whlen the Devl was sick, Sihe [evit a sait woubt b
Vhoen lie get well. the deviil a Sints wias tin.
Sir I concur willh the lIon. genltlemoin frog
hiarloosi and IKershaw, that we are las wo pe
Ie, essentially duff- rent inI otur habits, pusrsuit
dstcation, &c., and thuat if theI steeds of discor
sd not already been sownt tsoo dleeply fir ou
ituire inisn, patriotiasm woulsd re'qiro us5 t
art for ever, anid for one I say God spseed thi
lsorlooe evcnt.
Mlr. Editor :--A nurisber ssf She Olhlicers
se Twenclty Foursith Rlegimenst , a fier haivin
uly3 weighed the claimns of the several Gjar
idastes for the Office of Brigaidier Genecral
ave come to the conlsion, withorsut intendi
Ig to r flect in the shsghtiit degrom.- on ih
Scrits of other gentlemenC~ whos are Candidmates
ist Capt. J. N. Sumrlrn is, at this particula
risis, thin masn for sisch a plositioni. lIei
ounig, vigorous, galbuit andi brave, asnd bl
is csoducet on thle plains of Mexico, Isa
roved himself not only qualif'ied to dischargi
is duties as an officer in timnes o~f pecace. bu1
Isiniently fittedi fsor a crisis in military i'airs
Thie time is fast approaching when we maj1
eecd Isis services again. Wao trusS, therciore
.ast his claims msay be well considered, ands i
slight compensatinin fbr bihi gahla st ser vicci
thse last war, thait ho misty be proimist ed ts
ie ofl'en So wichli his mserita entitle hisu, andr
t whIch lhe is Slow n Cansdidato.
M'sarried, on the -eening or the 24th D~e
'mber laat, byamles Asken, 1wI" , M r. Jansv
I. Ioas, So Miss Rasacca, daughiter of te
.c lsom inles~y, all of Fasirhield District.
Married on te 2d inst., by She Rev. M. l'
raicr, Mr. J. N. Lsuuos to Miss Aaso.i M
unLa.,all osf F'airfield District.
KT Wo acknowled;;ed the receipt of the
risnter's'Fee, and in retusrn, wish tile happal.
>uplo all the pleasures which say be enjoyes
(thoee whoe have beasn joined together Is
Lte atiken cord."
nese date f'om Ldverpool, - Dec. 21
stest " " ~ re. .- Dee. 20
Meet " " .aaa . Dee, 1
Oetanbt Utote Market.
Co'0cMas, Jagn. 14.
Cto,-,-The eotton masrket tistday psroesnt
ila no w featare. the demanid Was stead
nd to a fair ext0est. The meuts Iiy ts
tlantio aro now past dise, anld-mst anas
h ooked Mrit. and until they come to hand w<
e'ed snot look for any increased ansimstionl si
so snatket. 433 bales ebanged hands, at 1i
HESuberiber wIll a casrry
ame ple, and will ye a
iork entrusted to his.~ , ceitte
il isheretnress m
r .
Taxes I Taxes !!
I T E11 Suiseriber wil Ittend a th(
fullswing placa a1 .n w Ing
days, to receivo tlo To$ au rns
A t J. Q. Arn,.'ti' stqre, on the
Fousa tterville o
thle '' iryce'm store, , :
- W. Elkin.. stor, , Oil
telt 7:h I'' b., l-'ridaf
e A lonticello. on the 8th. Satit.uda V.
av O Turda, he13th1 February at ifin. mol.
ary " Frilay, hfs ],4th Feb. lat Trupps' sitor.
- atuirday, tle 15th, as .1. A. .\artion.
ha't I I1. fIlKLA NDI.
l a a) T . c . F . I .
Jan. 1G
cection Noice.
ce A N Hletionl Will be Ibeld at IIh
loWing Places )in lite 2d MONIL
r .'bruaay aa'xt. for four DelLaatvs to tihe Cff.
d I ventio of tle sate of Sointh Carolina.
tr ./ 'iinisiuaro.--.-Jolntai 11. l aik eit, W olm.
md Canp l, and llcijifina P. It.,e aell.
WVe elf Mnce1lo..-t---1aniel H. Kirkland, Joh-in
he ct. rorv, and Wm*tia. A. lurin.
i 1A WWat's 4'. 'laylir's.--John L. Je.niredv,
l a iafatte Dlkes ani Andrew Dommlev.
pI t Feasterille.--Joaan i. Coleman,
or Francis II. Edraastoo and ain F. Colean.
if At laddlen's Urore,- Janm : A. ict('ory.
-Sia GI ial.d. aii Wmn. W. Le wI.
so. , / k- s'-'' Cre.k.- - I A. A. R. Iiallumsa,
it. maq Still a1d David R. Evas.
a A. Killingswarth's.---Dav.id J. I10! b:. (aal.
rL nont Caana and .!usco 11. Fog,.
r At /uf .a.--Inacusa A. firomia, Joln Taylor
and J.oiia l ia a.
ia a Lon;;lae.---Jhn A. Gru;nlaon, Fli
larnsm a Md Jh l . Gozi.
fcIAt Hlorch.---Phibp PulLg, Th'lomas .McK:hi.
satrey aatal .uneh .\annaa,
aaf..t' nhhueshille.-Georg- .ld'er il-sry
A l.al -vial 11a ie
r , Iif tae('s 8otre ---John Stimonlni, Alex.
lDogi, and John Iirice,Jr.
IA' C'edar Creck Chiapl.---Iobert li. Hose.
borois Ial.ert W'ale:- andi 'mll. I(nnead .
t At llroad Rtireir Academ/y.-John A. .'lur.
fill, Glomu b-8 11. Douglahs and If. At Oenn.
ed 'i' k1arad.-. Diaiel If. Kerr, Thormas C.
IS can an) d John Q. Arnett.
So da ys of elCt iota at eachl box. MIlet at
ta Wansh-a>r tie: Wed leal.ay following t; count
ilt! votes, undt declare the iectaon.
.1.11 It; 4 t .
E RSONS ir.dlled Io ih conncerea of
es .1)11N S SCO'T, ( 4OI' & lIIRON.
-SON, and -S'OTT & PLAY It. eithlas by
La bond, snote, or book aAccount, ar (attinestl 'v
al I and rt lard faIly regnssested to settle the sam'",
Ihl with itllher ill the ubscrilbers, taaa or before 15th
all 'elraary next. taR at tha t eiot l fill such basli.
ass note, ansd account slall pau:s into the htiAnds of
h tilet wyers aor coaliecion.
Y'y unelding to th;s regnestt yoaauai will do t#3
a Juror, aind)l S.ave Coss for /uar/r0 X'es.
Ic JIl N N.SCO I"'
at aalmasaa Jlani. 13, 1851. 4lt
is .ana ta 18
BoardirW - ..,a
n I' ie Sbea ilaber 'iw' .v 11as 1 Il
crs, at I s re ide j Snlitace.) it"
'.siuin Dr. K d i r.hure
dn0h11 tha Pi lace a t board
scholawio R acy.
11s'ol" at. 1"4t*.
a. A It ilS anad Wa. .11 A'I'lllSN, E - f
s Charlston, having parainted frosa tl sub
d :r bar at a ri2ht to sate 8ntd .akn. li 1ent
u iwing .lachine, knoavn Ia Bradshaw.i Pd.
it le''., dily patcated N w. 21, IB1, notiaa c is
a ia ruby gYiven tlat aaisla patti. is ltc oa!' origi.
n n-.I pa..-nt, and Ilat t a, infrineectats of tho
It m w150 ill hae! promptly I rosecuted.
A A"signee of John A. Bradshaw, by his A t.
.1. W. .ARIT1N. and
J. R. fill, E WST E 1R.
Jai t '8 41.
. Estray Horse.
STRAYED or n from Capt. T.
81111'.'s stable, onl thle night of Friday, the
-l10th atlasnt, a tiay iiORSR, haisa left haind roast
L whi te, abouat stix yearasaobl, a lack sreak froms
lasis wejathersa oais tasil. Staid florte is what
-. would bef atcal Paan, yh blaat. Ansy persons de.
lavaerba tae staid lilorta at Jtame~s Ht. A ikent'
staara 5ain ' Winnsboaara, oar 'alasj. Elkians, at .alons.
1tceIlo, ill Ibe suaitably rewaurdead and all ret.
aaaable a xpenaseiaas layh
ar Wu~s.a..u Atmm.
J.a IS 483
Th''Ic~5ttiteof SutfiCaroinia.
Slab -rtlForad, Atidm. of 'j
A. . Gunltap, B, 13 to Martshafl
F . I. .\lonttgomaey, e t. al.J
hsa aag assy slatnna or demiaads w~hhaevert
"Lasas.ns t' e'staac of sa al Aliredl I'. (Osnstharp,
adecceasca, lao preset and eastabllishl the sme by
prosper testanonysal, befoars the Cciasmisatiaaner ms
raitya. for lFairs'leld Districl, sat hiss oflict, In
n..sssabsaro, wilain thrtee mnaa frotm the puab.
s aatiat heare of.
JA 'a~s C. M .AN' D.
Ith I Janaunty, 181.
fInan II G48 3.ns
The Si tato' of Southi-Car'olina.
Fairiidt Disatrict. ,~a
(sA.E.sunsarp, B. ill to Maar
vs. (sh/all Assets.
(1. IL. Mafsngomeary, et. all.J
T'! appesaring toa tho sitti.shetion of' thu
inComissioiner ltat ltecrling P. haulh Wmss.
Gyles and f~ucinda J. Giles, hits wiife, Rlosline
flal, asnd Sasmueal IJall, defenadati-e isa the i'ov'o
chase, rasidao beyo'and lthe hmasits uf this 8Stato:
It is therefoaxr, andt aaa msoton oaf .1. '15. ius,
Iami,51 caampsalhmstal'as Aaoliojitr, srderead thIat. sal
dfceadansts da appltjar andas plaead anaswer ur
sdemaar so thas Isll in this case, whilthin Iltas
mon)ssths fromasa I tablic~ations of thhli naotice,
othearwai~a s a rdar psra confesiu wall be suaac~
sagamsst tkcem.
JA.11E5 IL !IfcCANTI'1.
10ths Jsanrv', 185a1.
[Jans. 16 ' .18 list
IChadlotte & S. C. Rail Road.
baina'every da9 8
asnd' retssmnitf
lFEmr w-'I ocly line
sh l' St-g i. 4q haa, o o nd ays,8
Weatt~ Inc ahd reurning on
lisa a" the Agent at Wipne.
I Iwikotdl
., ci'arre'.

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