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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, February 07, 1856, Image 2

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ET ditor and P o
EDMIt MIeam A&A l T 'I Oftee aomes-tre
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r. ~ &XL ARD Edtor ud ~ o~ iet~ ] X ~ X m ~ 1 ~ ~ 1I ~* w Offce )ong ess -Btoet
V O L. V II W I N S II R~ y . ~ ~ ll 7, 866 *{N O 5 1
Terms.-Tum HERALD is published
Weekly, in the Tow'n of W.nnsboro, at
82 invariablt in advance.
0* Mir V. B. PALM MiR is the only autho
6dstew ent fbilhts paper in theomldeauf Boston,
Nowr York and Philadelphia, anid is duly arn
powered to take advorissnents and subacrip.
iosc at the rates required by us.
Prom the Washington nion, Jan. 5t
Special Message fro* the President.
To the Senate and
House of Representatives:
Circurnstainces have occurred to dis
turb the course of. governmsital organi
2tition in'the Territory of' Kansas, and
prnduc there a ciditon of things
which rendere it incuiubeut on tle to
cali your attention to thIce teaject, aind
urgently to recommend tie adoption by
you of such smeatsures of legislation as
the gracve exigencies of the base lp
jeur to require.
A brief' exposition of tie cirounistan
ees referred to, aind of' their ceuses, will
be tccessury to tie l'ull understanding
of the rtcommendutions which it is pro
posed to subllit.
The cact to orSanize the Territories or
Nbrasli, acnd haiisas wits a cniainifiesta.
tim of, the le .iticive oplmionc of Ciff
iln tu'o gr ii f''ilm r of- -onlstitn
t1'-cu '"s '.' 1 111i1 lc: 'ce, that ice do ig
,;ntlon l bon* '!',o t t uneu, Ter
ritary, ad provi-.nc f or ilsc political or
p :iza5tin mdl ;einnistrti lia a1 ter.
ir Yr0r, are cenures wlich of right t'ail
witit the powersi tot the Gcneral Gov.
ortitneet; and the other, that the inhabi.
inntte of ,tncy michi Territory consqidered
Wsian inichoute State ire entitled itn tle
exercise of sel'-govervnient, to deter.
mille for themselves wia. shall be their
own4 domestic institutions, subject only
to the Constitution aind fle i.ewe duly
eniated by Congrese unider it, find to ife
power of lice existing, sites to decide
accordincg to i ise provisioc mnd prccei
ples of' tie Comsituti ai cit walst tiice
the Tqrritory shiall be received as af
Sctate hcito tle Unlionl. suich sire tie
great politienc righims which ire solemily
dechired and acfirmed by thait nct.
Based upon thcs theory, the cit (of
Congress (efined for eaeh Territory the
outines of reiublican giovernanenl, dis
tributing pubice authority stanuung tlw fl I.
'v .i.df4.. aUen tiA-. prenntis....nuis
ani iepislate.-to lie cc pp.ingsed eiulieu
:tf thIw'Gc ta'1 (ovecrd sent or ly'tie
iTerric'yc. The Lc'gislativo futitionm,
!verts intructed to it councll and a house of
representatives duly elected and eupow.
rt ed to enant all the local laws which
they might deem e'sential to their pros.
periLy., happiness, ind good government.
ing icc the1' stmc spirit, Congress also
Tiled the perewps who were in the
.first instance to be cunsidered as tjie
peopte of each T.erritory; enacting that
evely free wf4te mmule inhabitant of Lice
aintiq alcove tie ige-of ivelly-one yeacrs,
'teing anl actual resident thereof, ad pos.
Sessing the q ualifications hereafter des.
eribed, should be entitled to vote at tie
first electfci, amid be eligible to any offmee
vithliln the Territory; but thcat the quali.
fications of voters and holding offie at
all subsequent elections should be such
asnight be prescribed by the legisla.
tiye.ktseemb1V: Provided, however, that
the .ct of' suffrage and of-holding,offloe
sol I be exercised only by citizone of
til. nited Slates, and those who should
have declared atl oath their imtention to
become such, and -have taken anwototh to
suppart thce Constuthini ofttheUllited
States and lthe prelliind; or thtc "t1".-"
And provided' firthef4hat no 'fficrc
soldier, sctuwcA Or 1crtie ut161 icer per.
nti li the arm.y or iaiy' ot the nted
Statee, or itoked tollroops i thlbir
servide, shon 60 alied tro tt -or'
hold ofIde~ in elh~i'1'e r-o1by -reason
of beiun reffwicl n.hthe Tin
ritori a, 6y te provisioone oif/the acot,
wete-to e apoiuted .by th Qen'eral
were.a sp%:00' pi,~ enii oned ii
due- 49 ti 6niuao.
ceaver ii ~ak ysti- ti~et.
rito t'ig' dated in thae
2d' of *ll,M'18d, ;g of goe
gb theW ap.ies Imnposed S ~ol on
tli c'rneore wcse ;at of di g and
,flo in sa
of lhl lg ,h I 1
96 i~~ii~i1.A'rtiereso ' ucerr
scfd 1 c& Ut' r4%nsctt~e -l'i~
sturiq-;W odcohpyI p9e
we ~ /~ %lY~4Qt~ " 1t9 du er
y )softi.p~e~le~lc
iT ililIl
ecreliG f J
tit'essngited eat of his government in.
til 7th of the enading October ;uod vvet
then failed to make thfilret step in its to.
gal organization-that of orderinm the
census or.entumeration Of its intabii ts.
until so late a dity -that the election o
the members of the legislative assem
bly did not take place until the 801
of March, 1855, nor its meeting unt
the second of July, 1885. Sit tihat, I'i
a year ater the Territory was Ocnsti
tuted by the act of Congress and the
officers to be appointed by the Federa
Executive had been .comamissioned, il
was without a complete governmment
without any legislative authority, with.
out local law, and of course without
the ordinary guarautees of peace and
public order.
In other respects, tho governor, in
stead of exercising contant vigilanace
and putting forth all tie energies to
prevent, or counteract the tendencies
to illegality, which are prone to exist
in all imperfiectly'organized and new.
ly associatedi comuisnuiities, allowed his
attention to be diverted from officia
obligation h other objects, and him
self set an e.xample of the violation o
law in the pt rforuance of acts which
rendered it n'y Outy, in the .sequel,- tu
remove him fiom the office of chiel
executive mamgistrate of the Territory
Herfre tia requisite preparation w.s
accomplished fIor election of a territo
rial legislatur'', nn election of delegate
to Congress i:ti heen held in the Ter
ritory on thire 2uth daty of Nov., 1854
and the delegate took tie seat in the
House of Represetitatives without chal
lenge. If arrangements laid been per
fectid !y the Governor so that the
elecion for suombers of the legiattttive
ai-nembly might be held .in the severa
precincts at the stame time tas for a de.
gllate to Cotngress, anay question fllp
pertaiing to the qualification of thi
personas votitag na people of the Terri
tory would have passed necesstrily aan
at once utnder the supervision of Coa
gress, ats the judge of the validity of
the return of tho delegatte,- and woulk
have been determined before conti
ing passions haid become inflaumed
liame, aid before opportuity co
have been afforded for systematic i
terference of the people of indivi
This inte.ference, -inso fkr as
cerne its'primaarycamthies amid tse i
deiato coamatena, doasetat was one
incidents of that' '0' slicious a
on tihe subajet of a 'cotld
the eqlored jeson.s -i-ld to P
solmei of tihe States, which a
disturbed -the repote of on
amid excited iudividuk 4, o
triotic and, la
prlaueMatti tint
ral object,
ure .f propagat
Territory of Kansas, o p h
and natural action of its inhabitants
in its itternal organization, and thus
attiCOpate or to force. the determinatio
of that question it this inchoate State
With such views, Aeisociations were or
ganised fin some of the States, amid thei
purposes were proclaimed through the
press intm language extrmeiuy irritating
and offenisive to those of whom timh' colo
niata were to b. come the neighborm
These designs and acts had the naeces
mary consmequence.to- awaken emotiont
,of. ntense indigaation it States nea
to the Territory of Kaanas, and espe
bially in the djoi nitng State of Miomou
ri whose domeistlo peace was tat (it
nost directly entdanagered; but they iir
*fzr, from justifying thme illeal amid re
preehe.asible counteramovements whiol
Under these inuspieioue oircumstan
-een thes pritumary. eleotionas for member
of the legislative asisemtbly. were held is
ma if notl all, of thes panchametat ii.
titme and the, places, amad. by ttie.-erona
desigated and lappoinated byhOyt
awr according to law.
*IAtngry auetupattione that' illegali vote
had bestn pollee rabounded on all sidei
nd. amputationd f5Pe insade bg a
~and and vIolenade. Juts thec Gdy adc
-i tha.exeroise. of te. p'ower,
dlach ire of' th4 duly Iconfemred 'ut
imposed by law on hhat slh,ne,. offictahl
m'reivedI anj tnsidered the. returne
tured a: large tudorit:9 of the .menai
refr it.,geounell ~nd the ho >
r paStatlyeedU 'choeda WJU
~hosde Ie. (h~ *
I by
re I f Mtarints
ae inIGc
tedt- is tjj
met rtittt UEma a~ 9
the generAl business of I.,gislai
entered upon by the legislatve ass
But after a flow days, the us
coived to-adjourn to alothie . ' t
Territory. A Iiw wal a I pas.
euA, agmilst t.13 coise .ern.
or, but in doe mnts
the seit of gever .ilpO' rily to
ime "hiiawnee M Labor Sciuol"
(or Mmseion and t the assembly
oroceeded. Ater receiving a bill
for the estitblis 'f a ferry at the
town ol.Kiaka governor refused
to sign it, amid, special imessage, as
signed for reas refuail ot anytlung
objertionlble/ e bill itself, nor any
pretence 41. egtlity or incomnpeten.
cy of tihe 1s4 ' ly ins such, but onily the
lact that ti ,.Kbad by its act
transferred ti overnitment tem.
poratrily from ity to Shawnee
Mismion. V, . 'reason It0 con
timoed to refuse ther bills,'until,
im) tihe course of a days, lie by offi
cial messag, con ! iated to thea as
semubly the letct that- ha : Ived tpo.
tifcationl of the ter 0 -V. fi ifumm.
tions is governor, ai 4 tits duties 01
the office were legl evolved onl the
Secretary of thme Territory; tihus to thi
last recognizing the body as a duly elc.
r ted aind.contituted legislative tasse~tmbly,
It will be perceived that, if' amy coo.
stiltutional defect attaehed to the legiela.
t&e tais of tl assemiy, it lW tiot pre
tended to cong1et inm irregularity of ec
tion, or want of quihn'metntion of the
iemubers, but only im time chatge of its
place of ession. However trivial thi
obsjecion tay seem to bi, it. requires to
be cosidtered, because upon it its found.
ed all tiit stilerstructur of acts, plain.
ly igitinmst law, which niow threatetts the
peace noct only of the Territory of Kan
Hits, but-of time Umionl.
So 'aobj"Ctonm to the proceediign of
the I .i1Wintive assembly was ofexception.
ablprigin, for the rettsun that, by ti
e.Npress terms of tie orgamic law, th
seat of govermnmetnt of' the Territory
,*as. "located temnporarily at Fort Leav.
mworth," anti yet the governor himisell
tm'red there less tham two months
and of his own diseretion tranoferred
the sent of govertinmnt to the Sthawnet
aissioi, where it in ifct was at the ttim
he. assemliy were called to tmeet al
ity. If the governor had atm
h right to chiange teinliorarily' the
tofgovernmetint, tmore had the
e iaitve aestsmmbly. Them ut'jecionm i
r' iceptiontile origink for the furthei
teason that the place indiented by tim
goverior, without hmavinmg anty excluimve
0laim1 ofi preferenee in itself, wat a pro
posed town site oily, which he ail
others were Atittmpting to locitte un.
full ttphm land within a mmilitar3
i4 a fpartojaion itl
rut the sroim)
,si-~mn~ed by setetimce U
d itlhlqsuy t Opep wllyi e Isgisla
ive assemblym iglit not witm h met3
Ik9j.j. rItor'mIaI hit tranmst'errtmg isp
ht~~oQe Shatwteee - tsin. AI
t ,ti that; tmnut. be otf aoticin 0
piintmibitorj or-incontlisble pro
%oIQfo 'lck(f con N111116u1m OU% o suci
islitn exgets.. ;T 'o organlic not, ne
dYJqupted, sayp ettip -acht - of Gov
gtis -hereby. .'cte.d :ternporarill
t"Leaviswortih," i' then.. it pro
-lmat certain of the public bililding
e "niay be occupied and used ude
reoimon of the Governor and legis
-'ase imIbly." These -expressioti
pssikbly - be construed -to iinplj
In in a previous section 91 thq
-a encted that "tima flres legisa
-ive ly'shall meet at such a placi
anI " .y a s time Gomvetndd *ihhi
t appoiIt, d "place" manatm placi
at Fort m orth, not place 41nJ
- where il Territory. If so, th4
Governor w ii have beetn the first to
- err in this tim r, not only in hmmnsel
l having r-mimo d tie sent of Governmen
r to the Shmw " Mission, but in agam
- removing it to awnee City. if ther<
- Was any departure.fromi the letter of thi
law, tlerefore,it wa*, his in both in
But, however this nlhy be, it is moo
unreasonable to stuppeoe' ,thamt by th:
terms of the orgammic act Sonmgress si
tenmdedl to do itmpl~iediy *wlat it lhau tne
i donie expressly-tmat is, to forbid to thm
legislative assembly tihe power to choosi
a atny place it migmt see fit as the tetmpt
S rary. seat of. its deliberations. Thammt
proved by time -sigonefiant language
:a(e of~ the subsequenti acts oh Cotn.
I on -time subject, that of March 89:
wice, in makinig appirop riationsa
11l' buildlimip of the- Terrimor
thapt the amp shall not be en ed.$ut
sitU th0Je idheaure of stid Te jsha
I. bg veria - con~e
si ii e 0 ov
.bat the inf
, id other,, rgani to
se as nuch were ito thl. ge
Union without a previou einablin- aot
of Congress It is true thitt, while, in a tt
majority of cases, a previoes act of Con. at
gress las been pased to euthorize the D
Territory to present itself.is a State, and v
that this is deemed' theimost regular of
course, yet such int act iansot been held ui
to be indispensable, nod, soine cases, w
the Territory has proceetlW without it, ci
atd has neveriheless beenvidmxitted into s
tihe Union as a State. Ith*-j with Con. po
gress to authorize beforehend, or to con- at
firm afterwards, im ii Najren1tona. But il
in no instanice ha a S. 'een admit. fte
ted upon the applieua toh rsons ant
ing againat authorities d constituted ci
by act of Congress. In a ry case it im
is the people of tihe Territfe not a party al
among them, who have I e power to ts
forn. Constitution, aad- tl for admis- di
sion awState. No palinciple of public, al
law, no praqtie or precedlnt under tihe ti
Consatitution of theUtnited 4itates, no rule n1
of reason, right, or coliouolt seinse, con- a
fers any ttch power -is ibgt now claim
ed by a mere party in the Territory.- nt
In fact, whamt- hae been done is of revoli
tionary character. It is avowedly so in p
nmotivt amid it) aim as repbets the local p,
law of the Territory. It wyill become i
treasonable insurte.ction it it reach the to
length of organized resistane by force o
to the fundanenttil or any ptier federal
law, and to the authuritiv of the General
In such an event, the paa. of duty for t<
the Executive is plain. Thie Constitu. c,
tion requiring hiim to take care that. the til
laws of the United States -e faithfully o
executed, if they be o in the terr- ,
tory of Kantsas, he mai an\ hould plae 1
at. the disposal *of atrshstal any v
public force of the Uniteo atea which
hippens to be within the 'judrisdictou, n
to be used as a portil of' th posse co- 8
mitatus ; id, it that 4o Aa suf(ice to N
maintain order, then h , 'all torth time o
militia of oke or moreaats for that ob- 0
jet, r enplov for thestno ojiect atny i
part of the land or. naval *froi of tie i
Utnited States. Si also, if theobstruction I
be to the laws, of the Terni" , ansd if it I
be duly presenied to hans q a case of a
insrrection, ie tmay ensplm for its sup-, 0
presion tine anilitia of asy State, or the
hand or naval fore" of tie Uiaud Stiates..
And if the territorV be - ed by the
citize-nis of other Statml er f'r thi
purpose of decidiang ele or for any
other, and tihe local nutho rs fined them 1n
"elves utnlable to repel 4- withistantd it,
they will be entitled to, I Up1on tihe fact
being tally ascertaaned, ey ba most Q
certaimly receive the aid of tuse ieneral
Government. a
But it is not il ident, W 1
Sortnu41tted ifier. r
position by force to iresi. tile purity I
ojf elections -either. in a St e or 'i'erri- 1
tory. To do.ad would.be axhversive of 1
public freedom Anmd wtsotf'er a hiaw b,
wise or u wIjeeJ st Or u tI, .is not ia
question for iha-to jud i be eon
stattstinal.thn it I be hat ltw of' tihe
lal-it is la dhkyde Cas it to be'ex.
ecutedor tq 1tustaill the aunorities of iany
Stlie or Territorygaiekeentng'it il. op.
posltion to all inwrrItionary move
"nentt. A .
Our systein affordis ho justifloationof
revolutionary acts, fer the totaetitutional
meai of relieving tli people of unjust
administrainn0d la'ws, by a change'of
public agent ,Wid by repeil, are atmaple
and .maore' prompt itmnd off,-etive than
illegal . 'iolemne., These . joat itutionald
tsans inust be sereu lrcd--2
the egrett prerogative of( po auar sove.
as the u6ddubted rig the be-e.
4b old orderly'people- Trritory
of Kans to eleot their legislative
body, make thei own I id regqiate
their own sociaL institu4:6 s, without
f foreign domiestlc mnolestation. Inter..
ference,on. the onieshantd, to procure the
abolition or prohibition of slave labor its
thle erritoey, toss producedasischievous
interfirenee on'thb Other, fir its main.
tenanCe or iatroduction. n1e wronsg
begets another. State . enstarely
t uns ouinded, oir grossly examg d.4 con
ce'rning events withtt a e. ritory,
-are sed ulonely diffused ~ p
I States to feed thme
" anitosity thtere; am,4.
S eaxert. themsselig Iy
liv ute -part
Oed tis'AndLout er
* the - ~ot~ ei'otheb dob~ hie
t## f hkfuirenew
sae enamattef lit
~tee, pearsosally -orioll do p
ty <4hl~p u mp po tl
id whtokh
Jfie. t-government assured
them tgution und the or.
Sinoc O
Although threatening die.
rhamces in try of Kng,
inounced to ru Gdi#ahor III
u'entmter last, W . ilv quieted
ithout the efruion 6f d, and inl a
tisfactory mianner, ti I regret to
y, reason to tapprehe disorders
il continue to occu with in.
-easing tendency to , until
imne,decisive measure b to dies
>se ci the question itself con.
itutes thik iniducement or ion of
ternal agitation and of ext iuter
This, it seenis to me, can 0 ac
nn)plisied by providing that n) the
habitants of Kansas may do it, and
1ail be of sufficleit number' nisti
te a State, a cquyentilon atdi,
ily electod by th qualidl hils
somble to. fraine a -oo an
Ius 4o. 'repAre -re itIl aid wiul
eanas- ', ,A* 3nto the nipn
a a State~
I respeod fh en t
Ienlt of 'laitd
I recommeni al, ecia1 ap
ropriation be nadeo fray anly ex,
sme which may be reqfisite ii
is exepution of the lia .theain.
ainsce of public order' ii ih Td'ri'tory
SKliansas. FRAN5.'N PA&Ce.
Wuuhinigton, lats. 24, 1856.
A Snasous Loss.-Mr. Hunt,'the e i
ir of' the Merchiatts' Magazine, ilas re.
pived it letter fromi Enoch litle, the nu,
ior of the buries ot' historical sketelse
it the Commerce of the United St tes
hich have appeared inl twelve or fi fter
Licessaive numbers of Hunt. Mr. HAt
"I havn met with a misfortune whic
sunt bring to an immediate close tlhe
cries oi the commerce of the Unitet
ltes--a. destructive fire in Ronadou
it the 8th inst. pulverized the Courioi
fice, and with it about 2,000 pages 0;
innuscript, in which were all my notoi
ir the Commerce of the Uniited States
can never againi go through the labori
eandured In preparimg motes, snd with
ut such labor time series could never 'bi
oin pleted i any muner at all corres
ond ing wills the style in which the,
ave thus far beena carried."
So-ro Tisanrrouy.--ovmor Gor
aam, isa his message delivered oi thet 90
itistit, avows himself a supporter o
Ib Kantsas.Nebraaka bill. The prospt
ity i MiAnnessto is thus alluded to
"Itis it source of sa 1 o o
ess thes t
aus- reso .hro40-.a:
levaste our tnoral, 8oala61 nd pA itled
omdiljon. While most of our niih
ormng .Territories, are being convulsei
visi Inialsan'ware and internal pulmie
trie, almost verging upon civil war, wi
re ealmly moving forward to the ac
41ia plaiinent of. at high destiny, by fhith
ully. observmg the laws of our countr.
.sd restinag our hopes upon the virtu
,sld atmoderatioa of the people, witlh
irn reliance upon their capacity f
elf-goveniren t."
Tie Washington'Unioi refers to th
ustaor thint the President was about t,
ead into Conugress a special mesag
ehting totour difficulties with Engalamn
nds says ,
"The effect, if not: the design of al
tmuors of this kind, is to excite appre
esmons as to a rupture between ou
rovernment and that of Great Britaiti
ro avoid al uh consequences, it i
ily ncessag- for us to say that th
whole batch of reports of the charaete
illuded to are 'entirely without founda
isin. and deserve 'no sort of attlentia
rom the readere of the journals to whin
hey are sent. They not only do giii
tjustice to the President, but they lt
inlculated to affect the interest of .hi
nerciai men, who are kept In a
Inspense by the repotation of I 4
hevus inavenationsa.
IAxes.--The Gran
at o.
"Si' the
a tg, hisri ~p
it.of theM chAbnsh
its lhes.Vd
yd-4& tela A~lt
k'&om the Charleston Merctry. ' a
"What 11tWe to do "
4o.3. .
Ancient mythology tells us that it was
at a feast-the nup Ials of Peleus and
Thetis--where joy and conigratulat ions Li
reigned, that the apple of discord fell.
causing strife in heaven, waft andblood - C
shed upon earth.. Atid so, amid the a
triumphs and *shouts of party, there u
ever steals in the spirit of sellish ambi- v
tion, uprooting harmony, aud sacriticing r
fresh pledges. in the hot pursuit of per- y
sonal aims. No people have had the y
apple of discord so often cast, by so
jealous, hostile, or treacherous hand,
the midst of their ha, mony, and at e
most critical moments of. their existe 0
as the peop'e of the South. Her t
men, her sturdy, unbought, patr ~w
have witnessed, again, and again, the
gathering spirit oier people, weakened,
wasted--until n distrust in her abili- t
ty to appreciate or4ulil the destiny a
which seems so olearly' held out to her. E
As stated in our first ariicle(l the Ad c
vertiser proposes the union of the State, I
and tile union of the South as the ol. t
jcts to be accomplished by our partici
pating in the Cincinnati Convention- r
objects great and glorious indeed. But
as to the first? we think we have al.
ready shown, that it has ever been pre.
served by the very policy now sought to t
be subverted ; and that the surest way
to divide the State, is to adopt the men
sure proposed by the Advertiser and
others. And here it is due to the Ad
vertiser to state, that between its pro
position, and that (if the avowed Nation
al Democrats, we can see no practical
difference. Both subvert the established
pol kof the State; both conduct her
int&. eaucus,.whose unconstitutionalitvI
and ruptiob she hats ever condemnei;
bot Ike at her complete indepen
d party ties, and betray her inlto
fell with Abolitionists and Free
soll4 here be any difference, it is
in fi National Democriats who,
at o110 coicealment of tlleir
objects.. openly-*oclaim their
- determilia commit the fortunes of
the State to, Democratic party ; they
avow their d ) to a National or
- ganization, roe blush to show the
"itohing. But the 4dvertiser,
while s at, the same .altar,
r r.aWeet words of bonl
ngLld 0 "a ' iroum.
stances ala themsel must
change," 6w1 t s
should hi ao .th
. Natiqq craoy .
- repl igu 6f the same dis
till : " fy Lord
to smgle i 7 i. y
r who 4 larityf tie .timed.ever
at ilfluencaeoiknff deter
1:41 don I Ihank God,'J have a more
permane id steady rule for my own
) conduo l 1e dictates of my own breast.
Those t have forgone that pleasing
advia r ald given up their mind to be
the ve of every popular impulse, I
P ely pity ; I pity thei still more, if
r vanity leads them to mistake the
uts of a mob, for the trumpet of
8o, too, when, in tl seane lrii, Our
otopporary tells us that, "to bring for
ard" a timethonored oustom, "is but
a feeble argument after all:" we would
remind hill of the saying of Lotd Coke;
who wa* both a statesman uiga lawyer.
"Custom is on4 of the man ngles of
-the law -;" and of thilt, other maxim, "a.
ustom which exats itself on King's pre:
ro ative is void ;" and ask hlim what SOrt
~eeot,,to the prero sove
-npw~Ie, does tI s
ebwire re
, o. hand
llyare comPw~ nomi
e ie or tiheir shl. 51A
a ustom ea 1 Sch
8ut, .will ~oa participa.
,tiounIthle Oiisoai OOnlvntion pro
Imo( thb union Oie.8ath, insg
~ o/ er dg Ae.rinat, It will'i-owm
Sunion In sohiuving at pty :triumph,
Shkelcegodgbi ~t f fals fl
aust to etccoihiblish that oeji and only
knin l|b'the Southi hais any reial
Idin~~pty-indisd .is the victory.
e S&0tilglance in)o' the
7 i~iui ion shptlid sialidv
~b45a htht e t naitlil~l plrties Is
~ ~ ~iit CC itn I)st'istetnce.
e ro r "u morabye
- impl
Lid fear, appealed to, to unite them for
it struggle. The diep divisions and
itternessof natlosal party strife could
W# A; " aled. Dcmaocracy was tho
Kai1Wliiggery was the cry, and tihe
outh-the Soutih was drowned amid
0 jargon.
Lot South Carolina, then, go into the
incinnati Convention, and what can be
3complished at the most? Simply, a
nion o( a party in the South, not of the
hole South. IHer act, - bli
ito the national divisiogi w el
'here exist tihroughout the # Soutb. i
ill ratfier intensify them. It will strike
pung to tho- hearts of truebut scatter*
men, who have watched' her cours
inldependi-nce with patriotic'pride. 4
f a State devoted solely to the cause
f the South. She will cease-to lie the
ole-star of inteune Southwi n feeling and
Onr cotemperary spenlis as though
le past course of South Carolina is jus
ause of offence to her sister Southern
tates. Where is the reason or justifi
stion for such an opinion? What mo, o
ave they a right to ask or exp.ct ol' her,
hin that sheishould sustain their measu
es, and, if proper, vote for their noti.
ecs ? Georgia tnoed not he assured, by
'ur sending delegates to Citeinciati, of
ut readiness to sttutind witi her upon the
latform of her Convention. She and
he whole South know, in fidvaicie, th
ort of man that will receive our sup.
>o' t. Hier influence in making the 1o.
nination will be far'stf-onger, when it is
[iown that, she will support none bu, t
itindidate, than if, by going into the
'onvention, she wero bound, with the
est, to vote fo- the ioininiee, Whoever
to was-a condi in exateted by ,bLe Cau
mis system, whereby the minority are
nade to execute (he will of the majo
Where, then, we ask our cotemnporary,
tie the gt outids of' his expectation that
is scheme will accomplish the utnion of
le Sotth1 1 if, as we have seef, it can at
est erfoet only the union of a party in
h" Soulb, and that not 1. houthern, but
ttionaI objects: it' it Wi It act South
Darolini herself, what t., itn it to
Iominliend ait to our appro tion I
-The Abbeville Banner, we regret to
say, has the following itotice of our fil
nounceeneit, which was inide on witit
W'e were nasurred was relhable itutliority.
We hope an effort wtil be nade to make
wruo e : . . .
We havie not henrd the slightest inti.
1t1intioni of such an - expedition. We
1&ink. it a grandehoax, and only regret
that it is not true. We hiave tried to Itt
an foot a Kansas stanpedle,. under the
irection of.,Witrren P. Bloqgher, who is
recruiting 46r a. Buford's Con*nny,
but regret to state that the project lias
not mnet with a succe=44 commiaeneurate
with its importance. The number who
litve registered their names on his
list is about fifteen, till told. Mr.
Belttaer had appointed Wedesdiay, the
30thl its the tinie of starting, aind his
momnpany met at this jlince on Tusday
3venkinp, with the view of leaving next
]ay ; but on the dity of rendezvons the
initelh gence was received by MAij. Bu
rurd's letter, published in the Caroinan,
stat ing 'that in conseque nce of the Mis
puri and Kansas Rivers being blocked
With ice, he aid, for this and other rea
9s tlt1 d tie timi'nufstarting until
of'g*rch next.-Nouth Caroli.
Fot KANsA.-upsain E. B. Bell,
Df Ed1gefield,nuanoiuncns that he is hbout
urganizing a compuan y of ono hundred
menl to proceed to Katn uin, nhou" the
last of Ml archliand appetls to his native
State for aid, in the ope that his appeal
will ott beitm vain. Col. P. S. Brooks
hits plded th' Soth Citrolitna ie lega.
tin ihr stwo hkndred'and lifty Aollara, to
be paid so soe a this Compntny is pro
pared-to etmigriate. lHe' alse - ofers own
hunidre.d tollars to each. Coinpanygo
l0t) tanen that nmight go to K~sas, under
pletdge to .reginain two years.
-All the Saiuibern States are now iiliv.
t4 the itttiiotenete of settling Kanosas
with tmei avhio will esiblit' wot k'.or fit -
for the rigbis and initerests -of this Iu
portant stietin ot' our ceatunie enunttry,
uind ere inther year rolls rottid, we
me mity lhear stomethaing of' her prowess
and ,vnur.-Curo ina 'imo
AOl or' -irar Gov ian Nt 6r Mfur- -
.~-Qivg' Aflgeag biss., hii lit
aesge,enys thmere is iWtialturee4
19,406 tn"retke State- treesury.
poA slavery question-60i takes a
Sirniln poeiti yj and artg ues the mtalr
liibybt fbf.H recomineds the
return ofo eerlain anit- shavery t'epo
lutlibs. reidved fronm lina,- ant a
rahI~inrfhdlont of lie .determntinh (if
*issipt le ninth.nher rights till
hpgatrds ;.ltahe, iNorth, if int ke
the hssue wl is.ujti oWt the Conib
P Law~&t or(v~ as.-Itef attek
nht~ii Q~~ujg Em claip saitld
r siin Ni~~t u~l,- tpe
tiew t 'o
i ~

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