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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, July 11, 1866, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026923/1866-07-11/ed-1/seq-1/

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41&iltlgard E1nos1portet & 00
I'rms.--Ti. : iilia.ln is publisheod Wooli
ly in the Town of Winnshoro, at 13.00 in
varcabiy in advance.
g All tramsicut advertiseinonis to b
pati in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 p
[Fail 'nwF lI~iiAl-P.)
"'The shields of the earth helong uito (h4
Lord." 11palins 17th.
Strange thought, most comforling,
That. o'er tlie spirit sicIls
With awe, inmastirable,
Ch'.ming each liitidein ftear
ilach niotioni of unrest;
The thought, that mnighty shields
Catellitig celestii light,
Fb From that white throtte
Whereon, tlio King of Kings,
Rleigns, Lord Ominipotent,
Aro ever held by Hlim
Ani llis bright. messengers
Twixt. ts and iemon ill!
Ho-o'on tie tilly babe
Upon Whose nnowy brow
Tie cross baptismsal, glows
A'rVsh-has slhdicl iot ecl ing
All his owni-and dying
Pa~sses the jewell'd gates
Of leavonly lIoiue--:ts safe,
As Christian olh-whoso
Rest Is won, by l'aith inl
Those same Shields rerllgenitL
Upon nitose shiling face
The cross of sut'ering Christ
is sIan pel-'oreverl
-The shields of nil the (artl
Unto fihe lord belong,"
'l'ake heart ye wari-riors,
i i 1110 Stril' ilulilliolt!Z,
It'God abuve iti he,
IllIding Wlli .rm111 o rl eh41cli'd
The if '4' his Love,
Yulre baitle mu1.st hlk" won,
And yotra ill' extiltant cry,
"Oh Der th! where is iby siing
And Orave -I i y Viet ory !
Siy La W.
Mr. Stephens llaintliaed, tat te
lawhpstponliing the) purIld -(i for~ n&m y.
and sale of property unde41r exnmotin,
wias of fhte naiture o' a1 statuto oe imita
tion. Its constituitionlity w .i to be
tested upoll the salic prinoip IS. If
the time was reasonable and defnito it
clld iot be ,aid to interfero yith or
impair the obligation of cgitracts.
This was a law regulating thotniuedy.
The obligation of i t ra isone
thinig, anid the remeldy an1othet. The
obligiationi of a coitiati ill(tIe in
itse If. It springs froll its rddity,
with it proi-ii ilterpretat-ion f its
terms under tile laws regulatill) cn
tracts tlcmilIselves, whlOe it is mado
aid not the laws regllatiig .Tdicial
lroceellngs for holding parios to
tilriv legal respolsibilities foj their
breaches. The latter class 91 laws
are known everywhere as the 1hws of
Theso latter vary with eve y State
or nation. Tlicy never enter into or
with it under the "leox loci COntractus"
whlerever it goes or in whiatovit fornmw
it seeks redress for a birc. I [
ombattod b iroadly and ilorogily the
idea that the obligation of contrac
included in tihe least degroo tile lawt
mado to enforce themi. Stictl~
Jspeakinlg, thero is and~ can be nO 8such
thing as enforcing contracts by Judi
mll proceedings of any sort. All that
thte courts and that class of laws known
as remedies can do, is to provide
compensation for contracts brok-en b-e
fore the courts or remdies arc appeal
ed to. The chligation of a eontract i
as counscl whio hlad proceeded hiun
(Hion. Linton Stephens)haud wellstat.
ed, "the liability which the law at.
tacihes to the terms used by the 'par
tics." This liability or responsibili
ty, tis "juris viclm as Judge Sto
ry styles it, or this "legal tic," a1s tih<
- French term it exists separately ahil
diistinoetly in every valid contract with,
out anly reference or colnetion wht.
over with the laws or judicial proceed
igs instituted for tihe purpose of hold
ing parties to their responsibilitiest fo
breaches of contracts, Rvory perfov
and valid contiract has not oly~ a le
unity, but, in the language ot Story,
legal uebbq'ity of obligation, whiel
Founid ntot he if the remoldi41 laws e
the place where it is made entereda
~* 4 all into the egsonce of its obligat10o
which, bly the Constitution of tih
UnIitedl States,.no State can impair.
Ifonco an~y dealing with the remeid~
any chango in tile language of 8tom
as to the "times and modes" of givin
redress for broaches of contracts wi
(lees niot imupair this obligation
stat d, does not come within the pri
hib on of the Constitution of th
United States. The Logisaturo-na
4say, thlat no. suit shall be brought on
noto after six years from its maturit1
Nio ono has ever contended .thatnti
an act mpairs.the obligation of th
righit ai ptnefIt theyr sa i1 to'
clare by 1a1r Ahij no suit should bo ir
stitnted on piromlsory notes 'rfter tw
yeara from. their maturIty, eor on
3ea, 01o ay shr11or time, provided it
wIS reasoImibly long in (l jidlgmenciit (f
(lie Courts for parties iterested , to
look after their right s. 8th an-t ion of
tho leg"islatuire it i., aohitted onl all
sie v oul aff1ect noeMnade befolre,
as well ats t r. It-, i: also aOnittel
that sur-h actio would heinstitutiou
al0. W ell, if" it is- con)S1tiutional fr
the legilature in providig reitelici
for broken contriacs, to dieniy all remt
edy after six years, or two years, or
one year to the holder ofta ;pto witl
out Mipairing the obligation of the
contract, is it not just as constitutioi
al to provido that whon parties Comle
into Court to sock redressfo rtr breaches
of contracts, that an o-eually reasoina
ble timie slIlI be allowed, before final
execution shall be awvardted without,
impairing the obligation of the eoi
t ra I That certainly reizainis as in
fact by the logislature in the one in
stance as the othor. If the oh iga t ion
is unimpaired when all remiedy is
barrod in the one ease, equl:ly so is it
in the othelr when there i only a revs
ontable postponement of (he e unpena
dion awarded for. its broech.
If lie was right inl showing that this
a4t of the iegisititure fell properly
withi that Class of ltvS as remedies,
Ithe he quoted 31artsha.. ; remarks as
nit only applicable but potent oi the
questin, when li said :
"Witoiuit impairing ile obligation
if the coitract, the remdy itiy cut
tiinly lie Itodified ais the wixiloi of
the nation tmay direc."
lie also quoted as pertiinent and
having force on this <uiestion, inl his
opinion, the remlark ot . ustico dohn
sNO t Ae U. s. Suprei Court in, a
a casa where he Said:
"The rigt1. then of creditors to the
aid or the jmblic .11arm for tie recovery
ot contracts, is not absolute anid mi
inited, but may be tdilied by ie
necessities of society."
The poiciy of this att of the legisla
ture, .11 ..StephiIs vindientel at great
longth, 11111 tilailied that it was es
seitial Oilr the c.red iitrs as a elks as it
wa.t for (the dtbt>r..
Without it, or soiethi ing like it,
(he obligation of the eintrict. tlofirkdi..
tors I:, at ebza- 1hog:h pao feet'wouldI be
aliimost worthe. while unatvr the pro
vi.ion of the nct the oligation e
inming unimupairedo, full coipenc.iat iol
miLt 1, h et -
(Ieneral Cobb held the act of ilie
logisla ture, called tAy laws and in-.
stalnent. Iaws," impaired the obliga
tioni of contracts, anid onusequently miii
constitutiona l and void.
'he true doctrin'! to be drawn fronm
all tie nrgument and authorities he
said, is this: That the Legisl4at ire hld
nto authority to in t rere w i ti the COn
tracts ot parties neither directly by
changing them, noriiirectly biy legis
lating onl thle mode of entforcinlg thema.
IThlie begisltIare i; an for tite urpi -e t
g ivinlg llicaet t) ~ntriact, rald thert
y IavIee the Sms of justice, deal1
with the remedy ; but this itwer' can
neve be exercisel with the view ant
for (le purpose of relieving the par
ties frow the legal elfocts of the von
tracts Which they have voluntarily as
sumed. Where there is just e.ise of
coinpli t by eitier party, that tlie
existing remetly promtitsed b~y tho law
fails to afford the bonefit or reliet to
wIlich ho is Ontitled by his contract,
lhe can call upon thlie Legislituiire so to
nodify te remey, as to arn ishi the
benei t, or relietf to whichl hiis con triact
ent itles him i, andi the LIegislature tenn
constitut iona lly respond to sutch an
tiispeal. I hit where (lie compltaint is
not atgtainst the remedy which thle- law
gives, hat against (lhe clontratct
which te p iartylhasimade, te there
(Gen. (Cobb quoted lairgely -from the
oinions ofC Judlges Marshall andi
Story in defence otf his p~ositions. i~e
. argued1 in exdtns'o that the Legislature
of the State, imipairs (lie obligation of
. lat. Because in thie mfodificaition1 of
remedies for (lie collection of debt, the
. colletion of the samo is ito ha mperedi
with conditions and1 postponieents as11
to greatly lessen their value, and al
Imost renders (lie collection imipracti
2d. Because it gave an unijust ad
vatage to new over old1 creditors.
- . d. Because it gives pr'ocodentce to
-- foreign over domiestie oredlitors, as; the
former can collect their dlebts through
the Federal Courts, whilst the hands
1 I of' the latter tire t ied uip.------.illedg~e
r vilelo Rcorder.
S!Gust av Doriet', ihn' wvoinderfuil illustram'
lor of cltassics, is st ill a friequenit sublj'ct
ao(i conver'isat iont ini Prisi. 110 was born
iSrsbrg it 1832, andlt so may he
regar'ded nas half Ge'rmnan in his oniym,
Il jticommienedt bia marvelons hahors
blin only 1 6, on the1( Journad pourt Rirt
iwhr histlL~1 ti ca rc itres gatined him i tt'
flirt beiginninigs of lame. This braunelF
of' arta eorems to be his torte. i s woike
arc cireoady mor'o .nimerons than any
h lalf-doze.of the oldest artiste in the
whlole course of thirlives.
a A lump ofokttkenfrotthe North1
Ai Carolina gold mines, treighiing five
h poonds, is on exhibitionitt $taitesville,
C Not aoia It is the largest lump
foruid ini LJio Stato sincq 182'8.
1'Nineteen thousana me~n have beet1
0 reocruited for tfie regular armiy sinot
Later from1 Europe.
CO31 A E NQuI IN' TOF1 lt08FlO l.lT l'l-S.
NcinY Yoiix, July 2.-The vltenmhip lire
men has arrived wi-th dantes to Junte "0.
'russia and liily had formally deolired
wall. againtst Au.s triak.
The Pi tusians entered DIresden June 1.),
Ihe I King ol' Saxony witiirawing to Itlle.
mia. Ilis army etfected a junction with he
Diplomnatic relations have been broken
between Prttssia and Bavaria.
The lArussiansoccu py Hanover and throat
tin Fra nk furt .
An eitng:gee)int. look place betwon the
1rn1Ssians am11i 1lssi-ina neiar Frankfort, in
Which I a iegiicit. oI 'he latter were almiiost,
entirely anntililttted.
The Austrians are hourly OxpOOted in
The States of Oleidlnirg and AnMai-.havo
withid fi i roim tie Coi federa "ioln.
A bat t oe is expect e: near Franktort, be
tore which place atre assembled Wtirty to
liity thousatd Federal troops. Tle Federal
plan o oprtions is sild to be tar he re
oiprest. of Iloiatein.
Tho Austrians commenced hostjilties,
June 18, by 0trossing the Silesiant froUt ier at,
Guitlimla, and( firing onI thle Prustiansl-. The
ittter have not crossed the Ausriani frontier
but, the repot 411- ate lit, Ihey are pithilug to.
wa'rds; Ikhem~jia.
Tlirlty tliousanl I'rassi.ins o.cupied Ilo
olern, Iwo miles fron Leipsic, and subse
quently the Wuritzen and Kisa ltailroad.
The B-itish .\inistry hias beent dutecid
On11 ana menitidilment, to lie Itelorim Bill, which
was cailed igainst the (loveriient. by
eleven majoiiy. G lalstone coumniIcated
i n coniseqiuence wit I Ithe Qteen it ilnoltn1n.
hate.L (rr0l El lropc.
AI\IVAL OF Tili-' CU11A.
NHw Yottx, Jully 2. --The steantship Cuba
has arrivd firomn Liverpool .lune 23 via
Quteenstevwn .lnitle 21, wit hi three dtys's later
No collision of iaignititeo imd occured be
tweca tile bitlligerents, butl battles wero ex
pected near l-atklfort, attdl in Saxony and
Tle first, stock of aris will piobably
take placo in Silesi. Th Prussitis have
entered Anstrian Silesia Tho Italian ar
my crosed t Iho Minio .inno 2:1 withoitt. op.
position, having given three days' notice to
the Atstriatt cotmiander.i that littly would,
ont that, d-ty int:lttl'ntte hostililties. The
italian Mitnistry has been reorganized tnl
der lieasol:t. At is tat ited that, Cardinlal
Antionelli has resigned, anil that he will
be rttceedal'el by Citrilnal Altieri.
wNArisa-ro::, .Inly 25-. Tho Coniferenco
Coittiittee of bot1it-tous 'ngreed on the,
l'arii Exposition il, only substituting
etrrency lot' coin. h'Ilto 1ilt goos to 1t
Pre.,ide:. .
'The tuse passed a re'..lt ion reques ting
the President to inform thke llouso whet her
the poerons of loyal citizens of the bniteti
States are stinliciet ly protected in 41le
soul'tirin State.), and whether any addition
al legislation was ilecessary to cloth him
with sullicient anthority to protect till loyal
itwizens of snues recently itn rebeliin in
tit eij'.ymleitt of the constittiinal rig .is
Tile Confreit nlte CoimltmitItee amtiged the
diiferences btWetee tie two HIouses ott til!
Freedmiiient's Bureauk Bill. ant the Pill goes
to I lie Presidentfi approvil or rejceedona.
Wuilligtll .\fWS,
Wa.sninrox,.luly 2.-The Senato has
counmed Joseph M . i1Iitnphreys as Collet
tor of CtuIt omis ft' 1ichntltd, Va. Thle
Clhie of Ordnance, it a coinitatiijon to
Congress, ssays ti.at the retention of lIar
pr's Ferry is not necessary or advania
goous to the publio ittierostt, and advisos
that all pthlio lands. buildings, and other
property thero he sold, altil I hat I te pro
coedsotthese lliho applied to the con
struction of the Western armory.
Repori Of the ltoscall-rifilnell Ollilit
W.xiatutros, July 2. -epesetative
Spahllintg, lankth andt 'tayer, I Io maijitiy
01' the Spec~ial (Comitttto ont thte Itasseau-.
G rinnioll atl'air', maele a recpot t o-d ty. 'IThe it
tondlemn louseant f'ot' cariing Grintnell, on
the gr'otund t htat atn act. of' I iolence againist. a
llepret'ottive itsi ancnt. of insurrtcti joy
agiitst tho poaplo Ito represents, aind t hat
llosseaut oumittitedl an intexcutsable broach
'df thIt pii'ltgesa of' tho louse. 'Tihoy,
tereforo, off'nt a resolution for hIs expail
siin. wIlj they t'ecomndl antothter reso.
itt ain sayintg t hat I th petrsonail t'efleciIons of
tlrintnol I ott ltnsseaui, in debtato, mterius the
dlisappritoval of i toe tins. Th'Io mi notily,
lhaymtond and Ittigunt, while contcutrrintg gen
eratlly in the vjews of ihe majority, ptroposo
Itht Ilosseaut be only t'ept'imanded. Tihe re
port1 will Ite heren tem' contshleed.
Sydney (Clarke this inornting received a lo-.
gram from Leoavensviorth, Jkansas, say Ing
thtat Sotialor Litno, of that Slate, shot hitm
se.lf thlrought th6o headl lasi. nigh, and
died( it nino o'olock to-daty. Sonatr Latto
left. Washington eight or tort d'ays ago, anid
at iho limo cotmplaiined ot' being untwell ;
sutffering fromt ntervotus debtIlity.
NEW ORIC, *iunto 30.-All appros
htensiotmnlaot chiolora here' havd' ceats
od. Thoro is a cas.o occasionally, but
11 t xcitos ontly local attention. Quar
anitino is also fro'co from thto scourge.
No donths 01r ad ditiona8 yesterdtiy from
Bill Proposing thle Anneration of the
British Provilldes
WV.itmrnorox, July 2.-Mr'. Bannka
initroduceod a bill ini tha H~ouse of' Rep.
bresentative~s to-day, e'stablishuing conidi
tionis by which thei States or Nova Sco
hin, Now Brutnswick, Oahanda Est rnd
West and the Territories .of- CJolumbia,
Solkork and Saskotehum could I be ani
Inexed to the Ulnited Statos. As-an ir-~
ducoment (or theso provinces to lannex
themselves to (te United States, the'
hill proposes to pay the debt of each1
which amounts 'in the aggregate to
$85,000,000, bosidegs pledging'tho .Uni
ed States to pay the, Hutdsoi Bay Comn.
panl~y $100,000,000 for cortain posses
Late from Europe.
HALIFAX, July 2.--h0e prepnra
tions for war continuo night and day.
The Federal troopsat Frankifort are
much dimsatisfied, complaining that
Alustria pats thei in dlanger before
she call oilor protection.
The Prussians took the Fletor of
Hesse and his Primo Minister of War.
The Prussians left a sinall garrison
in Dresden, and advanced into Bohic
ii without resistane.
A slight collision occurred between
the belligerents in Silesia, and the
Austrians retreatod.
Concerning the conunnication of.
Franco to Austria the Vienna Presse
says that Franco denies. any agree
nicit with Prussia. If Austria is sue
cessful and does not menceo the exist
ing Kingdom of Italy, auf does not ad
vance beyond Milan, Frince will not
inteorfere, but will assist in concluding
peace on a permanent. basis, and
further, she proposes for Italy to pay
indemnity to ,i.stria's renunciation of
the fruit of victorv?
St. Petersburg advicoq deolare that
110 troops have been mnoved to the
frontier and her policy is noii-iii-Ldr
A revolt broke out in Madrid oni
the 23d. The insurgents furnished
the populace with arm.-%, barricades
were erected and fighting comminced.
After an obstinate reisirtance the in
iuirgeits surrenidered at disuretion.
Narvaes was woinded. (oncral Prim
had been alrested at Bayoinne by the
French aitholrities.
The London O>scrver- sys that a mo
tionl-will be iado in the House of
Commons expressivo of confidence in
the ministry, and promising the favor
able consideration of the teform mear
ures nextsession, if the. ministers do
not announce the dissolution of Parlia
mn n t.
News Items.
WASnINGTON, Juno 30.-It is be
lieved the Prosidelnt will Neto the now
Froodniis' Bureau and Tarifl' Bills if
they pass in the form aA reported by
the Committee. Tie amendments
adopted are even more prohibitory
(han the original bills.
Gon. '11. Grimes, of Nojhm Carolina,
has been pardoned byth4 'reidmt.
A Ril bef'oro tie Sonate fixes the
c0111oensation of the Collectorsof Gal
veston and Brazos Santiago, at fifteen
hundred dollars.
MONTr.F.in, VT., June 30.-The
Democratic State Convention nomina.
-d Chas. A. Davenport for Governor,
an0d reaflirmed their trust and confi
dance in the principles of the Demo
era tie party and endorsed President
J~luin's restoration policy amid de
Ima ndel the taxationi of thle United
WASnINGTON, .June 30.-The Sen
ate confirmed the nominations of Mar
tin F. Conway, of Richmond, Va., Ex
Member of Congress from Kaisas as
Comnsil to Marseilles, France : Chas.
Davis, of Nashviillc, ' Temnesseo, and
Joel Grossard, at Windsor, N. C., as
Collector of Customs; I'liomas L.
Cutlhbert as Naval Officer, Charleston,
South Carolina.
Pm.Anr.iru, June 30.-The Con
mittee of arrangements for the recop
tion on th h of Jily,have provided
aecomtimodat ions for the President and
Cabinet, and Generals Grant, Meade
and Ihancock, at Lapierre House.
WASH5IINGTON, June 3O.-Maj. Genm.
Johni ltopo~ succeeds U~ooker', at iNew
York, relieved in "conseqjuence of con
tinued ill health. Uancock takes
Popes place in thme West.
The Special Committee of the Sen
ate have agre to reota billapr
priating four mnillionsa f~r' temporary
repairs on tihe Mississippi Levies. The
bill will past the Senate, andl several
of the most prominent Members of the
H~ouse inadicate their intenltion to vote
for it.
The 4total receipts from initernial
reveinno customs, miscellaneous sour
cos, sales of public lands and direct
taxes from sales of public Ilnd for the
fiscalyeaf mding & will it is esttd
mted t theo Treasury Department,
foot up over five hund red agd fifty,'
million d61la'r; reeiins frominmiernal
revenue, as estimated, will be three
humndred and seventy million dollars.
Di~rect talx about two million. From
miscellaneous souroo', sixty4vo' mild
lion, and from- sales of publ lands
about six hundred thousand dollars.
ITh roe persons wore pardoned to-d ny
jby tho President, Mrs. Mary Cali,
Mrs. Mar'y WV. Anderson and 0. P.
Daniel, of Green county, Ga. All of
thesn opplicants como1 under the $20J,
000 dlauto' of thv Anehty ProdIaina
I WAsnINoeToN, June 80.-The gen
ate adopted a resolution instruoting
the Committee on Pubilo Buildings
and to itiquirn . into toe propriety of
pwi~eliasing grou~ds, not less~ than .n'
hundred acred, for a jubio park and
site for the Prosident al Mansion.
Thp Albay Argusr says that some
sforting mn OnUs onty-oti6 a
citIdn of aom0predes tisstnding.'
ha4' beej hold in 1l000 bonade for th&
effenee of poisonIg a race-horao of a
,rival.- The nob!o animal- withstood
the effoects of the drug long enough to
win the race, and fell doid at the
judgewi stand.
Up to the 27th ult,, 119,624 omi
grants arrived lat the port Of New
Vork. The tinher to theiame dite
last year was 70,10-.1
,-It is reported that Glovernor Fair
child, of Wisconsin, will not call an1
extra session of the Laegislaturo of that
Stat-e, untilessl there is it unitan mimity of
action itn lil the States.
On the 2?tlh nit., in the Connecticut
Legislaturo the liose, concurred with
the Senate in ratification of the Con
stitutional Anendnit, by a straight
party vote. A hundred guns were
fired on the G reen in ionor of the oe
casion. Connectient is the first Stato
to ratify the .mA enldinelit.
Senator Lanie did not die immedi
ately. A Leavenlwortlh Dispatch says
he was alive ait the latest accounts,
but liuconscious and without hopes of
Tejoillt resoliution alttiorzing lie
)urchase for $50,000 Oh a law library
bas passed the Sonate.
There is tmuch excitement in Nicara
!o over discovering orglid in, Chieritals
,The Gve . 'f Chili 11:1ve forbidden
3panlish sulljiect tIo Ctri' the ITerritory
If tle l H-pi~ilie anid ordred those resi'd
ig to leave widim Liiinry day.4, There
will be aniother revotltioli jeLha ps inl
PresidentL Perez's imo.3nge was re
ceived with hisses a i' exclaimations of
A letter has been recei ved here frmil
Major-Generd Magriidtr, lato of le
Confiderato army, asking a friend to
inltece(lo witth the 1iiitedi States Gov
ernment in his behaf, written from die
city of Mexico. Magntler says "I
want permlission t return to ho ti Unitled
States -th liipervial Governinit as
gone to hill, and tins io toIlney, and111 we
tave to get. away fromti here. \t ay
have already left. 'ric, Imyelf, ait a
few olers yet rel ait, bt n eill mus \ 11it look
olnt soue tp.ice to go Io. Tli'-. ii Io
hop1)( tor anlyth ing mor-e hlere."
The stene.or Matlie an.] tihe 4teiior
Herot, With tw . e n t gers al a
hirge mail1, Itine day1*s- from1,0z11 Hanl
Liago, arrived hen-. at. thiwne . M., in)
distrest. The . vanwr Matt ie is a
wreck and the stvamer I I erot oit. of coal.
Mattamoras was sitrren'drel on the
24th of June by Imperial General Mejia
to (eneral Garsen, of t tie Libera I a rmy.
Genii. Mejia Al'erez a1,l sta 1, with
portion of their couii:l are enroito
to Verit Crniz. atii nt ali M wat
tamloras quliet.
The E batol of cot u '.t sa0te
who is; (n hlis m .. inl t; - : , : ty ;.
"Thllree -forthsI! of the landi :it eetton
Which I have sVeen e ulot, lr b r t
most favoyable fm-ntan1ft to s
more tihn ane third do an onr ie
I ;aIwv olli in ib kt e1 m m11 1y, qff1of b tr
120 or 1.30 acrev, which a i i I am suei
na lae no bale of cotto. ThIle satoev
land I havo seen i il cot ton befor "th
War, wile it, yieldei from fitly to sixty
bales. Onl another ploaition in the
slate county I noit a ic liIhl of, 40 or
50 aicres which I ai 9s. a'lo make
a Single bale. 1. do not, protenid to saty
tha thas twoi i cre ..rf ir1. exam
ohsoe3 of oat-e ost't f t chrote,
f dto wilt hownever, th at ere bynioa
n~uters o~ nch cases."i uati.~n
DIsliS P hed B 0. Peri lt EM t I ttro
A I~s~rialt r 1.. iil ' W taI ~ llC, i
hely llowing arittbr if decriptions
ofsome r~o tg ms ale 0caacgtos
whofiiir figur in49 the at eolt guion
Thale Aet STind at ofn LS., il
uto av THEr Ai ncv r.I cse ofar.
Thoe woallya distinneit Leidterso tte
rAut rn marmy are itcfolling:mbr and
Pnelalwell avnc enr dgo Tey
SchatenbuStrgmaethol ctuitpaign.o
Mfnaryha dn li840, isat of talyagainst.
yearls fAge, pard itht ofr89, ntheo
tise whon apea d'tne t1 tiso cprec
datesommndsr the l owiVan: The
wAichduoke Albrt, ben of ths imorta
Pr~ince vCharyeera linry de iieso,
Masl' al de aso i set veyte
frctivermind antd habts., ai arertv
d.at irn the battle 'Noa Wagram, 'Iin l
wiihe t ook artnbeing ins s~ eln.
Ju e~sent~w years. In b h 164ide tie
Antuand iy o thvlt PIdmn ts
lyrt 1.itingebuised Novasr at The bItl
tas egar him'as i auvo'ry fomby e en
engf,-andll adivtht, h wilive urto
rie ScArt noburgo is Mata well
~nddeiki'h tir' ors'ouinoamtwithd
fwhtt'dtbo chinge o.th0 ight~ bakof the
D~ntbe? A t h# 'att44f agena h
Austrians. At.8 >lferino Ito was in the
left. wing, opposed to Glen. O'Neill. 1[o
is ono of the most brilliant oflicers of the
Anatrian army, and is, morover an au
Marslial llendick is only fliity vighit.
WA hile a colonel, in Is18, Its fought in
the campaign against, thi l' icitontese.
In 1859 ho commanded i (te Eighih
Corps at San Martino. Sinco 1blet
sky's death ho has been firat warrior ci
A ntstria. It is probable that Ito will bo
charged to oppose ti Prussians. The
life of Count 01amu-Gallas has been very
activo ; ho Ias shared in nil wara of
Austria since 1848. Ili Luigary- how.
ever, he only succet.ded itn vanqItisling
Gon. 1lInc through lio aid of the
Russiatns. At tit, preson'. he conuands
the First Corps of the Austrian army
of Prague.
We tuust not onit to mention G en.
Gablentz, who commnantded tho Ausi
ans in tio war against lenmark, anl
Gen. Ramming, to whom Aust ria wa
inde~te4d in thoe Ilungarianl canmicgnl for
the decisive success obtained an Teme..
var---Sa(/kit /'ie', 1 /,.i *.
Tin.: Ir'ut. G i-:n.---A.: lelt
froni llorence says:-"Since nothg.
bIt war now is talked of, the following
skettch of the pneipl Ita ian generals
may not, be uninteresting. (en. La
A artmora is in person a t all thin man ;
his face displays a very deciddil no ,o
almost always surmotutted by ih inhion.
able princoe.-.. lie has 4 pas o n fOr
the military art, alul! iinflexiblo tn ill
points of disciplin. Ie niiot tiider.
tAt any favorlitimttsm, :all, ' iktol U '1w: I .
un!1 s:tys j'a'tinigly th1:1t 'ho 11m1 n1". crosiit
enouhY to 11111n1 at drtinnmerv inl his ownl
armv\.' Aier Uenl. I,, all-mon, the
mIoSL conspliCuous1 Soldivr lA Gnentl
Cialinti. Iie is a stma, w(-li lookinqg
Inatll, witdt a <tic a tli (tlll gilt', t'ye,
wezars a glrteat tiott.St ell :1 a .11i n belt
like ti (hafsseurs do Vineotinns. lie
is tie otl imllivi-liml ol ilie (I aliant [rimy
to wItott (I eral ima lar Itora perttnit s
Itli: eceutrtlicity, for hoie littise il is i ll3
Isel'lcoill'ormialy) to tll(! Itgtlatioti,
(it-neral Cialblinli is, voery popular ill 1ta
ly, :Wtel p 'm'es ftrn it n it o 'titi an(I
rOi"cIT, well kttiowinig Inn to win hi
11)(e11 an11l pg -iv el all c Illfi'l. 11e.. 'l'
I t:1iIa ar l Y "l ,1 <-;' 1 \\*4- (011-1.' Gilpt'
ri-1 ;.ne as ih auio:u i D"1 M I 1t l -o a.
T lo rmt'et is a vo'ien of Lilt I iliat
ildi'peteitto, atid i , e t-i tell h Y evrrv
body ; tih !iaui er, It the fir i ai i caiip
Lo 1ile liMli, is A 0i1' o 1l 11,'iixty,
wit Nvilite I i'1 allitl i lilutach oth;tbod
bemitg very dlist ini.a rtihed flieerv.
Potrest-d the l'ruer to arm 1ie'r
Prince l ieritch ('.ath- L iyw It ittiv*.'
nIo \ Iry rImot-tble l r, e inee leII
ittrinles.L is tly Ii' ied rcel ly
Ie In 1 a 1. f QueIWn \ :e ltna, :1e 1; i
sai d ( h grllt wi~fite nmatsta-~
it .\ i Io ttc eat I et i l 'Irulsmo t pi.e :ritn
It will nie....uvily , I :m rounleld I1n ttei
\vyry able Stall, :uk-i menv~ ol militalf ;p
titus will com inal A I ns corp 1. 1 Iut, wh envt
h< coea to coi tiit l aral titnedek
Ihte. will havea tu (ri lId it) lie to o ito
withl andt( P.'rnia wvil need all0he re
sources and her best general. to ho ne..
ribaldi is representedto o in l ex.
Cellenhel. Iyttrl' I ce is calmor anti ahePerfl
and1 walks mile: every dlay, in order, as
he ny, to aicsto m leg'i to lon,
llarehol. o ifs brother died recntly.
18ng tt titracee-ts h> itt faie adpar
thetitmgro rtt's t. lai, hsr been
mfdowIt ot t chplintnthe o hiemy Thi:
prtt ith ret bys ch ingi the I llian~i
war volu159ary wasooto ati- tho bal t ol
Mtageilnt and Soriha nd isgs a
Wolt;th ugts "Trichilimsis" ei, 'bi
nows wonli otimot guiNg, tii U If N ItM scig
flr.h Wner's ect. workooughl conti s to kit
pe u.the unp I myeant rivintiastisu itnt
eythe hmn sntoct worm Trihnhe Spirli
wicha proessorwn fttound's tiaong ag. asyt
1805, infmusles tanto imatr from the s
sootinge flots oft buy'oang gron. larthl
mitotw's thopias of' ti.oon. sins t
Itow te otr mutsntle mso. a
uow autililat fac.nhat i tIto, (ionnrcted
bleasoawit oret alby sect the vlhumtarn
tvoarmusolese oftci at iwoed, toea
will ht'a aon. l'or1k is thoangerfos
prts ond t hera aubao, and ith pigSf
lyes oefs th'laosrcegly vc'oed it.i
thoworms t(it mayttu carsiigihno ge~~yae into
they smansfotach, whenceitt that itrcy
akhhir way teiuotly' byig, as Wyntr
pbritto~r fin'ds-hitst brodspingtoud, at
18br oinefoth galensle nubers bofh yong,
whcmdatofleoftelPy eg i l maou-th at.
the ro thdeiroat f othe antetsn
mgrao diato btoe mutsiovelen.ypit
blie dnto uase electrd th voluntary
musolth, ori thoe whetilhu oed atssour,
will Thohardt tandw koind, wands thsp
ptarts of' visorawhoh ct ionden
ly, of te will, aoIsonrelyoerefetdt
is, id, a matter of isu lo owth
worms ge pitrbuedio gory 1 overt
fatey som~pietnaomisse asrt4 9vtfi hatie
shporm bores~ tyIihr0 oh piof timzibr
but r. Tudioum, ho ws apointd i
180toinvstgat th sujet~ byth mdi
vell've elot oootno ion, enter the
Circlat0ionk a% eCCOtd tiMo. afind untimely
1eisfh in tho ituig, or nrrivo in somo mus.
el h o olain a lato asylum."1
This h1y.ohlesis certainly seens the most,
re:soilble, as It, isl In agroomoiet. *Ith tho
k n)own imeans by which other entoza migrate.
Arrived at Iho mus1101unl tissues, IU 8 en
agi viltiestiolablo whether the worm, at
ctks te niuseltes. Lettekhart says thley
nlet t1"Iho seolomina, and oat the must,
ettr fihbre i self. Dr. Thludiehuin says thay
he his iever seen but oneo the worm in the
uuiwele, but always outside of it. It is ger-6
tinly a strango fact, thil, in many oases,
persons attoked with triehlilnis, havo not,
only per'ectly recovered fromt its effoots,
btt have becoio as s rong as over. It, coulI
sarely have 1p11pened that Like mutsles of
the0so paliellts ias been lcd upon by vatL
colonies of worns, which would lnvo Inevi
(ably ilestroyed them beyond repair. 'The
probability 1.1 that the worm id 4 Its way.
i l t litho e tissues. B u t woce t ie third anid'
t'iir It weel after immigriati, tlhe trichiuim
I:w becomo full-grown, andf now It begins to
priare its Capsule. I, becomes fixed to the
spot, inl which it, is, Sol; I. matter is deposited
arlounid it, andt, Cu~rled1 Up, it lies immotvablo'
ill its plast o capstil, and diem unless ro
eeied lgain ilto the alimentary canal of
anloth1 1n11iml1, which in this caso of Course
itnever doesi.
I the pres-ence of theso one.apsuled trichind
inl ho licimtselt-s many cauiso irritation. bt.t
111111 Ii ed ily )ubsite ; and it is pretty clear
thit noiny persons suffer little hari from
Chem whilst thiius ourled ip, as they have
been f)uId ill Ilo bodies of subjects that,
have licn dissected, and wyhoso previous
histiy gave 1o ovblence of thuir exist once.
On iho ot hn dm1, flho malady, whon
iSOvei, puits (onl many of the charnoteristic
yimptom of ut'1,oll known disunoies. Thi
l'ever enutise1) hby 1110 preseln(o of the parent
aII'mlts ill lie inktesiiies may be, a Inde0d
ito) len iv hbeeni, taken for gastrio fever.
Then,g2 nill, whenI file youing wolls Aro
i;,11161 a1-1t ing itto 111l 11111 10 .4, tie m1ost ox.
C aItW1ing agony seizes the palient; lr: lin
- not mo)ve I llllSo Witvhout the u o1110st pain,
2nid he lic4 gt'enrally upon his back, with
Ibis legs a lit (tl apar1it, covered with plerspira
tiin. The .ftei nid l neck becomo hIumid
wi i a ih -opical eoffusion, which gradually
exlentds to 11he legs and abdomen. An
.nck oflrheu natio fever appears to have
neized the ildivillual, but for the want of
the heart sypltor.s. Again, the diseago
.ilt'lllhlles cholera and atyphus, and indeed
jiiolling ill minany of its symptolls, but,
tho' who havo Seen a golluilno case of
richininsis cann1ot be deceived, ns the wholo
ryllptomlls4 lre1'(!It lro c0onsistent, with no
other diseas1 . hi cuses 1' doubt, a picco of
ilth li'ilig 1111100 11118 been OxOised from
lihe biceps mu111sclo of' 1tho armtm; and this test
is all)mnt. cort ain to ie coiolusivo, as the
votllm isI distribtted, in severO Cases, In pro-.
ilsiont tilrough overy voluntary 11144 ote3 of
ho etilrlIe bodsy.
ll'. 'uIllhltllul, speaking of a clild 'lk
tlicl of (lhu dilsonso, - says in ii 'ty%5- to"
Mr. Shon: - $10I ' "On ppnrhlton from the
1,ieeps mits14001 of a lihlt four aind a Ialf
3 rir' of lge, wh11ich1 died 0 the soyeut.y
illh diay, coitinedi the astoilhdhg number
ofi' fillyight. 811011 a >rOphraion11 Wa s 1 -
111tntI.'dtto %weigh onle-l11111 of a grain, and
there'trite 'every graint or musol contained
n11 2) nterflgo 4un10 hundred trichinto. Now,
a) ltmg i heitilt, weight, of he 11mu1oies on an
:,11111 to be n1111Y for'fy polnds, and assutm
ing him to be tlie viCtimn of trichilliasis, and'
I I 1arosit s Clally dista'ritd through
otitl hi body, he would contain uiwards of
N ienly eight illilhiolns of these aninfmls.'
Cohliltinlg Ilicrests.
Till e1nphis .Avilanche lias an ablo art(
C 0n New Enliglanl, 1h0r interests. and her
plicy. It remanr'ks (ihat ovory Country has.
winl ifl 101 ' coilicting interests, and very
properly'13' any4 fliat. tiu staleteslmasiP eon.
lk in har1nlonizing these inltol'osts as far
113 it 1111y be poibt1lle to do so. In a ounn
I'y of' uch1 ill oxtensivo area as tile United
Stti e;, having sucl diversity ofolimate, soil
atll I rovlutiot h.11s, fihk apparent illolisistenoy
wil forlevr exist, iml a greater or loss degree.
T'he Atvalomche lnlyl :
'"Thc cold cliaol a nd barren eoil of Now
Ig'lan1d renlor'ed it unlikely that her pe -
1:1e coubtl over he extensivo lagriculturlalistB
but21 her l'llo harmbor's madilo It oortain that1 shle
could1 becomle powerful as a maritime and
naval1 1ic~tion, alld to train bor1 sons1 f'or the
a)tiduouls and1 dan11g0orous servico niecessarly to
bu11 ill)'e up inl that1 respeot, f'ishiing bonn
ties, t'rolm tile COmm~lonl trensury, w~ere gr'ant
oil themll. A s hter populatlidn Incrensed, her
peopl0 o gan to tui'n their attentlin to man
ulfactures, as2 im'ro romnunerativo than agri-'
cultutre ; and tho war of 1812 gave an impel
112 to is ranc lIofll cin dustry whlich has
sintC)) become so frunitfuil of wealth to thme
New Enigla nd manufnIt'Ioturer. ' When the war
was1i ovOr, that. itOrot,t asked for proectiop
for the firist in (lie history of thmo Govern
mtenlt, and1 Mr.Cathioun, of Soutle CarolIna',
advocated 11.1as a measure ofjuil 9 to a peo
1110, wh'lo, durming (lhe war, had'4 largely In
vesltod i nanufncerlias, and who woul
sulor on Its su~ldden close, if they had to
COntCend aga ist Europen n mportations- lie
thIou~ght thlis irotection shoumld have at limnl.
tation ; (lint It should( extondl to but a fow
years, so as to enable the factories to adopt
all tlho modern Improvements in machinery;
and( pla)ce them on footing to stanid 4A un.
pr'ot 0(21 ed comipolitionwith thme world. Thas
It, wars thlat lthis system began, and it, was so
palatable to tile Yankee tf 0 thmat 4' rma.
nont b~oun~ty of proteetion at limo oxppnso of
(the rent lumtorosts of the otlier sqdtionms of
henIi deemed by the Yattlno a matter
of right. What wets byt, a tetsipoary hndui,
gence, Now Englandt deles shall be a per
manent111 system, for a furtherm inflatin of' iI
bloatedl prosperity,. Thiiesp Now E~ngla)Idet's
knmow full well that, If the o Wdik ;shall gyer
regain hoe- power in Congress, she een wiml
the Notth-west, cheek~miato them- fry' dil
th' future plaits for fInMseial aggraidlioe.
ment ;and this Is the rpasoihy thA Septh'
lIs denied robhabilhIation~ iion thytln,
Thler' Is doubtloss more truthi In th{1 >
view of the preset, atti'udo of the radi4 '~
par'ty., They dread a unmiou of-these natifat
ajlion in logislatten, whlh Woduld nisa4
ion~ably be dirVOted pgainpt .ih h
and 'all otheor, niocatros IonidId to *r9
Now 1England at' the dtgened 1 Jl bO
Weet n th' Soul
tenOnhlf of repdLi ps~
ait deAt fii the Od)~m
hemfl posof 11Vi ~
)d0ty1 ind

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