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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, April 07, 1869, Image 1

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Desportes, Williams & Co., Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inqiry, Industry and Literature, [Terms---$300 per Annum, In Advance.
VOL. 11. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 7,1869. [NO.40
FAIRFIELD HERALD
Is 1'Uni,IS111D:n VI:KL.Y nY
DESPORTES. 'WILLIAMS & C
Terms.-'ul; IIF:a.,n is publishe<d Wee
ly in the Town of Wiinnshoro, at 63.00
varcably in adancer.
JJ Ati transiont ndvertisemenls to
paid in advance.
Obi:uary Notices and Tributes $1.00
square.
Ac.s Pass3e. by tho Last Legislature
The following is the list of Ac
passed at the present session :
An Act accepting the donation
lands to the State of South Caroli
for Agricultural Colleges.
An Act to rcr.ew the charter of t
Camden independent Fire Engi
Company.
An Act to provide for the payme
of the fee. of Sheriffs for dieting p<
sons eonlined in jail.
An Act to make appropriation f
the payment of the per diem and n
leago of the members of the Gene
Asseni,ly, and the salaries of t
subordinate (Micers, and other expc
ses incident thereto.
An Act to amend an Act entiti
i~ "An Act to provide f-cr the tempor
ry organiz ition of the E lucation
])epartment of the State."
An Act to alter and amend t
criminal law.
An Act to incorporate the LI.
Swamp Navigation Company, of II
ry County.
An Act to renew the charter of t
ferry acrons the Great Pee Due Riv
known as Old Posts Ferry.
An A.-t to incorporate the Sou
Carolina Phosphate Company.
An Act to incorporate the I-i
Insurance Company, of Charleston.
An Act to utnend an Act entiti
"An Act to organize the Circ
Courts."'
An Act to confirm and declare ,
lid the recent election of Mayor a
Aldernen of the city of CharlestL
An Act to incorporate the Colui
bia Building and Loan Association.
An Act to enable the Savannah a
Charleston Iail Road Company
complete the road.
An Act to change the location
the county scat of itrnwell Cout
from lhruwell Court House to Blau
Ville.
An act to ratify, confirm and ane
the charter of the Charleston (Sot
Carolina) Mining and Manufactur
Company.
An Act to provide for the consolii
tion of the statute laws of the State
South Carolina.
An Act to alter and amend an 2
entitled "An Act to alter and ate
the charter of the King's Meuntt
)WIl Road Company," passed Dccc
ber 16:h, 1851.
An Act to enable the banks of i
State to renew buniness or to phi
themn in licqnid ation.
A j)int resolution to provide
the fiting up of certain portions
the State House.
A joint resolution relieving J.
Wilder, late Sheriff of Sumter Co
ty, of a penialty of five per cent.
month upon executions not returi
by him.
7 A joint resolution for the relief
M rs. Mary A. C. Hobbs.
A joint resolution authorizing
State Treasurer to pay the Chairn
of Board of Comnmissioners of El
tions, appointed by Constitutio
Convention, $329.
An Act to protect laborers8
persons working under contract
.1shares ofecrop.
j An Act to authorize the consoli
tion of the Charlotte and South Ca
lina Rail Rload Company and the 4
lumbia and Avgusta~ R dil Road Cc
pany, and to amend the chart~er of'
same.
An Act to amend an Act entit
"an Act to regulate attachments."
An Act to provide for the enume
Lion of the inhabitants of the State
An Act to amend the charter of
Sulphuric Acid and Super-phosph
Comnpany.
An Act to incorporate the Lo
j shoremnen's Protective Union Asso,
14. tion of Charleston.
.Joint resolution to provide for
publication of the Acts, reports, r<
Iutions and Journals of the Gene
Assembly.
An Act to incorporate the Miss
Presbyterian Church of the city
Charleston, S. C.
An Act to empower the JTudge:
the Circuit Court to grant relief
oases of erronleouN judtgements obtt
od during the existenee of the Pr<
sional Governmient of South Caroli
An Aet to organize and govern
mihidia of the State of South (Jar
nio,
Joint resolution authorizing
Governor to purchase two thous
stand of arms of the most appro
pattern, with usual complement
ammunition.
Joint resolution ratifying the
teenth amendment to the Consti
Lion of the United States of Ameri
An Act to incorporate the So
Carolina Improvement and Ti
Company.
An Act to provide for the om
eon of State securities.
An Act to alter and amend
charter of the town of Greenville, and i
for other purposes. t
Joint resolution to authorize and J
direct the Comnptroller-General of the
State to provide and furnish offices v
0. for ofriors of the Executive Depart- o
k- net
I. An Act to incorporate the various t
Boards of the Methodist Episcopal ?
be Churches, in South Carolina.
An Act to renew and amend the C
t charter of the town of Chester. t
An Act to alter amend an Act en- I
titled "An Act to incorporate the i
town of Marion, and for other pur- t
is poses therein mentioned."' r
An Act to facilitate the settlement 3
of of the affairs of the Bank of the State
ia of S )uth Carolina.
We An Act to authorize D. C. Wilson
& Co. to build a dock and collect
wharfage in the town of Beaufort.
t An Act to determine the value of
r- contracts made in Confederate States
notes or their equivalent.
or An Act to authorize the Financial
Agent of the State, in the city of
al Now York to pledge State bonds as
collateral security, add for other pur
n- Poses.
An Act to amend an Act entitled
"An Act to fix the salary and regulate
the pay of certain oflisers."
An Act t) ineorporate the Wa
teree and North Caralina Rail Road
he Company.
An act to alter ind amend an Act
ko entitled "An Act to incorporate the
village of Kingstree." t
An Act to incorporate the Home
lie stead Building, Planting, and Loan
er Association of South Caroliua.
An Act to incorporate the Palmot
th to Fire and Marine Insurance Compa
ny.
An Act to provide for the place of
holding Court in B urn well County.
d An Act to prevent and punish duel
ing.
An Act to charter B3roxton's Ferry,
,a- across the G reat Saltkatchie River.
Id An Act to incorporate the South
mu. Carolina Central Rail Road Compa
m- ny.
An Act to amend an Act entitled
nd "An Act to define the jurisdiction
to and duties of County Coinmissisners."
An Act to extend the time in which
of the Camden Bridge Company may
ty rebuild the bridge. t
k- n Actto tregulate the manner ofn
k granting a final dismissal to executors,
nd administrators, trustees, guardians, or
ith committees.
ng An Act to incorporate the town of
Piskens.
a- An Act to vest in Isaac G. Long the
of charter of a water course through
Kingston La le and Maple Swamp, in
et Ilorry County.
nd An Act to repeal the tenth Section
tin of an Act entitled "An Act to up- i
m- point a Board of Commissioners of
the city of Charleston, with power :
he and authority to declare in what cases i
tee the streets, lanes and alleys shall be
widened, and to provide for carrying
for into execution the objects of said
of Board, and for other purposes therein
mentioned." 1
M. Joint resolution to appoint a Com
ai- mittee of Investigation for the third
)er Congressional District.
ed Joint resolution to anthorizo the
Sacrotary of State to purchase thirty
of eight copies of Richardson's Reports,
hre Joint resolution to aunthorize thle
man Governor of the State to fill the va
eo- eancies in the State Board of Equali
nal zationl.4
Joint resolution to authorize the
Lnd Seeretary of State to purchase for dis
or tribution certain State Reports.
Joint resolution authorizing the
ila- County Commissioners of Oooe
ro- County, to sell the interest of the i
30- State in the Keowee and Tuckasec -
mi- gee Turnpike Road.
Lhe Joint r-esolution authorizing the
State T1reasurer to apportion to the i
led several counties the appropriation of
twenty-five thousand dollars authoris
ra.. od in General Orders No. 139, of
December 3,. 1867, Headquarters
the Second Military District, for the sup.
ate port of free bchools, the same to be
paid over to the respective Counrty
ng- Treasurers in order to pay teachers.
ia- Joint resolution to dissolve the
Board of Special CJomnmissionera ap..
the pointed for Oconee County under anI
so- Ordinance enttled"an Ordinance to
ral divide Pickens District into two elec
tion and judicianl districts," adopted
on thre 24th day of January, A. D. 1868.1
of An Act to provide assistance for
the transient sick poor in, the various
of cities and towns f th State.
in An Act to facititate the d.awing of
in- 'jurors in this State.
vi- IAn Act to authorize P. S. and WV.
na. B. Bennet, of Beaufort County, to
the Icollect whar fage..
>1i- A j ,int reeointion authorizing the
State Treasurer to pay to Dr. Alfred
the Raouls $315 for services rendered as
and phpijoiani toOCharleston'all, dnrd for
red medicines furnished prisoners.
of An Act to punish sheriffs and other
officers for violating the Homestead.
fif- An Act to estahuhgttoOpa
tu- Asylum. ih tteOpa
ea. An Act to incorporate the Aiken;
ith Sanitary Association.
ust An Act to renew the charter of Pen
dieton Village, in the County of An
'or- derson,.
Joint resolution dIreoting the State
tha ne t nre to a T .. Laphar
;l84.93 for extro servaces as Comp
roller-Genctal, during the months of
uly and August.
An Act to alter and amend an Act
nutaled "An Act to authorize the sale
f the (lumbiat Canal.''
An Act to regulate and provide for
we pay of Cotnniissioners and Managers
f Election.
A joint. resolution authorizing the
roveriior to employ an arimed force for
he preservaIion of the pence.
An Act to re-e-lact cer'atn Acts
nling the vanie and credit of the Stato
> the ureenville and Colombia Rail.
ad Compinyi to validate the action of
rid conp any thereunder.
An Act to incurporate the Citizens'
vitig Bank of Smith Carolina.
A i Act t' incorporate ceI tain fire en.
:me comni1i1es.
An Act to incorporate the Wilson's
3ridgo Conpany.
A It Act to authorize tth building of a
ridge to connect the,, Islends of \ Wad
tllaw and John's.
A it Act to eiforce the provisions oft
;e Civil Rights Bill of the United
uites Congress.
Joint resoltiion relieving E. W. Olle.
or, lat( S!m'rill' of h';irlie"th' Count v, of
hetalty of ivea 1tr cent. per month i
Poni eX'ctitioins ht. ot tirned by him.
An Act to incorporate certain fire en
ine companit s -)f ('litrleston, S. C.
An A ct. to incorporate tie Ashley
'ire Engine Comiiany of Chanrleseton,
. U.
itn Act. to authorize a loan for the
elief of the 'T'rc:asnry.
An Act t.o incorporate the Amateur
iiterary and iraternal A ssociation of
ha rleston.
An Act to incornorarie the Calvary
aptist Church, of the City of Chacrles
e n.
An Act to renew the charter of the
.tharleston A ncient A rtillery Society.
An Act to renew the charter of the
.rrry across the Savannah R;iver,
ilown as the Stoney luf1' Ferry.
Ai Act to incorporate tle Vane1lns0
[antifucturing Company in the State of
itthi Catrolina.
Ai Act to incorporate the Sitnter
'ire Companv as a part of ithI
(re Departintt of the town of Snn
er.
An Act to nmnend nit Act entitled
'Ai Act to lea '' he State Road run
ng from the County of Greenville, it;
his State, across the Saluda Mountain,
o t,he County of IIenderson, itt North
.,aroiina."
A it A ct to incorporate the Uncn Star
Pire lengitie Conii my as a part. of the
"ire Depalrtment, of the City of Charles.
On.
An Act to iic.'rporate the Rocky
.vr" Baptist Church in the County of
\nelerson.
An Act to regulate the practice of
ne(heine in this State.
An Act to regulato the Agencies of
nstira nce Coipanies not incorporated
i the State of Soudmb Carolina.
Joir.t resolution Ilstrncting the State
l'reasrer to pay 13. II. Rice & Co. in
Jnited Sites currency.
An Act. to prescrite certain rules to
'e observed in the governnemt of ferries
and briigvs privileged to charge toll.
An A ct to amend an Act entitled
Ai Act. to estalish a quarantine at
setoreetown, Charlestoti, and Hilton
lead."
in Act, to mtcorporate the Carmel
ihurchi mt Pickens11 County.
A tn Aet to amniid ant Ac ettitled '"An
et, to regulate the nijannuer of' keepiii
mnd dishuiri'g funds by certair. olli
A n Acet to establish the lien of Magis
rates' e'xecitlts.
Ant Act to renew the chartr of the
Jharlheston 1th)b.Society.
An Act to establish a Publio F'erry
n York Cotunty.
Aun Act t.o incorporate certain Socie..
ie's in thme city of Charleston.
An Act to anthrc.ize Sylvannta Mayo
,o build a dock and collect wharfage in
lie town of lBenaufort..
An Act to provide for the collection
>f' whiariage at. Hilton Head..
An Act, to provide a ben ont building.s
nd( 1:tiids to parties fiurnishmig labor an~d
na3t(rials htereoni.
Joili. re'sohti itotnauthlorizing thel G3ov.
rntor to can<ie su;it, to be matitted
tuninist lhe i-mtretip Railroad Conilpany
o protect thle interests of the State.
Atn Act to estalisht a ferry betweent
[li ton Hw"i I shmnd nntd lie nmaii land
nt Bean fort, Cuint.
An Act to establlishi a lazarette. or
linaranit inie hospitainl in thet harbor of
lihirlestot.
-A n Aet to incorpArate the Dora Mift.
ug aind Manniiacturinig Company, of
3oth Carolinia, for mmting and other.
ttrptoses.
An Act to make appropriations amnd
-nise suipplies for the year 'commiene:ng
3ctobera 1808.
Au:Ac't 1 provide for an election to
ill ppain vacynacies in county offices..
,An Act to repeal, an ct pent,jtled
'Ant Act to prevent permns~ hioding
.ortain- offices of' emnolumnt from leav
Ito State,"
>An Act to amend an Act entttled
"Ant Act, to regulate the ,matner of
:lawing jutrors."
An Act to amend an Act enititled
1An Actto define theo jurisdiction and,
regulate thie practice of Probate Courts.
An Act,to repeal Section S. of ppA
to alter the Act entitled ,"an~ Act 4o
amend the oriminal law."
A n Ac to einnn the dAtie:. at cat
R<-porter, and to provide for the puhli
cation of the Snpreme Court Re
ports.
A n Act to provide for the appoint.
ment of a Laund ConnisRioner, ar.d to
define his powers and his duties.
An Act to establish certain ferries.
T te Tenure of Office Act.
The Washington correopondent of
the Now York Herald, says:
V hen M r. W ood had ceased speak
ing General Butler arose and moved to
proceed to business on the Speaker's
table. The Civil Tenure bill being
the only business on the Speaker's ta
ble at the time, this motion brought
it at once before the House. Mr.
Butler having obtained the floor. kept
it and followed up his success with a
motion to refer the bill and amend
mnests to the Committee on the Judi
oiary. - As soon as the bill was before
the House everybody seemed to be on
the alert for whatever might happen
to it. The members came in out of
the lobbies and cloak rooms; those
who had been engaged in writing or
conversation while Mr. Wood was
speaking suddenly abandoned their
engagements and were in their seats
giving the most careful attentin.
The news that the bill was op was
passed along the corridors and lobbies
and speedily reached the Senate cham
ber. The members who were there
came over, followed by several Sena
tors, and in a short-time the galleries,
which were comparatively deserted
under the influence of the reconstruc
tion debate, began to fill up.. Every
thing assumed an air of interest and
business before the bill was,up ten
minutes. Those in favor of concur
ring with the Senate endeavored to
take Butler off the floor by a, motion
to concur, which, they contended, took
precedence of a motion to refer.
Butler, who underst4ol precisly what
he was about., coolly ;iiformed them
that he did not yield"fbr any such pur
pose, and the Speaker promptly .de
cided that Mr. Butler could not be ta
ken off the floor. As soon as this
point was settled the member from
the Essex district, according to a pre
vious understanding yielded to Gen.
ral Logan, who offered his amodmot
to vacate all the offices [email protected] An
drow Johtott by the 30th of next
June. The reading of this singular
amendment created no small amount of
merriment among the democrats who
seemed to regard it as a jike. Seve
ral republicans, who seemed to be ta
ken a little by surprise, j-ined in the
the laughter. Logan had ten min
utes allowed him by Butler, and soon
convinced the House that he was not
only really in earnest, but that he
ieant to take irsue with the Senate,
and, if possible, get the House to
adhere to its original proposition of
repeal. His statement that there had
been a good deal of lobbying on the
floor of the House in favor of coneur
ring with the Senate created quite a
flutter among those who felt guilty of
the charge. Butler next "farmed
out" ten minutes of his hour to 0. 0.
Washburn, who, in a written speech,
represented his brother, H. R. Wash
burn, as well as he could in favor of
absolute repeal, announcing that he
did.not believe President Grant was
satisfied with the.8enate modification
of the bill. Mr.. Arnsworth was al
lowed a few minutes to speak in favor
of concurrence, when Jiutler, who had
taken the bill completely out of Bing
ham's hands and was now its real man
oger, took the floor himself and dis
sected the Senate ameondrnentn in a
st.3le which opened the eyes of the
members as well as of the Senators
who were present. Without travel.
ling outside th8 precincts- of parlia
mentary language he handled the Sen
ate rather roughly, and called the at
tention of the HoQuse .to the fact that
the Senate modifications of, the , bill
wereo'siniplj concessions to the forbe of
public sentimeudt, and did not in real
ity chiange the bill ati all, so far as the
power of' the Senate over removals
and appointments is' conened. It
waos therefore nothing more than a do.
lusion. Hie did not believe that the
President had agreed to the bill. If
he had it was under the force of com
puilsiori and in the hope that the House
would save him by refusing to concur.
Hoe closed by moving the previous
question. Th e friends of 'the Senate
measure, seeinog the case was hopeless,
made an attempt to adjourn and then
fillibustered for a few minutes. They
were too goed, i?weye r,g oallgh
yeas andI ungs or even to 'dpmand of,he
tellers. ''theu p iUioN~a gupsion bq{ng
sustained the vote iais takeni, and re
suIted, yeas 95, nayh '79; as follotta:
Mr. Butler said he uwod to refer
the bill and amendment tothe~ .udi
diolary Coin 'iltke, and 1htdo
sired to give poa repon ef thaVmo
tion.,
Mr. Farnmworth, (rep,) of 'Ill, de
sired to 'eM as motion tq concut in
the Senate'aiiendments.
Mr. Bingham, (re .) of.(phio, sid
he had risen himself for ethat putpose.
Mr. Butler declined to yield for
that motion; but he yielded to
Mr. Legad,(re fd 6fIl, MbInov
ed to aspend tb ,bii}l.byr , protviso
that al ly1, g except jde
Alled by appointment of the President
of the U7nited Btata..bk.~i wit te
advice and consent of the Senate, be
fore the 4th of March, 1869, shall
become vacant on the 3oth of June,
1869. He said he had always thought
that the House was entitled to have
opinions of its own. He know there
had been a good deal of work done
here this morning by certain gentle
men to have the Senate amendient
concurred in, by insinuating that it
was agreeable to the President. If
members had no minds of their own ;
if they were to be used like pack
threads, it was time to stop legisla
tion. He insisted that the Senate
amendment made the Tenure of Office
bill worse than it was in its original
shape. He declared that this was a
struggle for power between the exeou
tive and the Senate ; that was all
there was of it. The bill had been
originally passed for a special put
pose, and now the Senate was deter
mined to hold the power in its h-ads.
Did anybody believe that the Senate
was giving upon this amendment one
lota of its power I For his own part
he was not to be swerved from his
duty by the insinuation that some
body consented to the amendment.
He appealed to th' friends of the
President to stand by the bill repeal
ing the law or to adopt his amend
ment.
Mr. Waahburne, of Wis., opposed
the Senate amendment. le hoped
the House would not concur in it;
would not refer it, and would insist on
the unconditional repeal of the Ten
ure of Oflise law. That law was
passed for a particular purpose and
to check the usurpations of a wicked
Chief Magistrate. It had answered
the purposes of its enactment and
should pass away with the cause that
brought it into being. The President
was responsible for the execution of
the laws, and there never had been a
time when there was the same neces
sity as now for the President to have
ample power to remove dishonest of
incompntent officials. It had been
said that the President was satirfied
with the Senate amendment. While
he (Mr. Washburn) knew nothing
about that he did not believe it. 11
the President were sati-fiod he was
not the man whom he (Mr. WVash
burn) had taken him for. But they
were not legislating for General
Grant; they were legislating for the
country, which was nearly unanimous
on the subject. lie hoped the House
would im.int on unconditional repeal.
The President might be ratified uiLh
the Senate amendment, but he (Mr.
Washburn) was not satisfied with it,
and the people would not be satisfied
with it. He believed lie represented
all his constituents in demanding an
unconditional repeal.
Mr. Farnsworth argued in favor of
concurring in the Senate amendment,
which he explained in reply to riues.
tions put to him by Mr. Logan.
Mr. Butler, of Mass., declared that
the Senate amendment was a new
tenure of office bill, more wrong in
principle, more fatal in action, and
more destructive to the privileges of
the house and of the people, and was
conferring more power on the Sen+tte
than the present Tenure of Office bill;
it fettered the Executive more. It
he (Mr. Butler) were to vote for either
he would vote for the one now oni tihe
statute book in preference to this. The~
S.inate was an irresponsible body, and
an irresponsible body was ever dan
gerous.
IMr. Puland inrquired how the gen
tlemian from Massachusetts jus~tneid
the passage of the Tenure of Ofliac
bill originally ?
Mr. Butler replied that he had ne
occasion to go into such a justification.
(Laughter on the democratic side.)
IMr. Poland--But the gentleman 's
political associates have abundant
reason to go into their justification.
IMr. Butler-There were many
things which we had to do to save
the life of the country in the war for
which justification cannot be found in
the constitution. There were many
things which we had to do under An.
drew Johnson whichi had better never
'be done again--(laughter)-and had
Ibetter be got rid bf as soon as possi.
ble. Mr. Butler went on to chiarac.
torire the Senate amendment as a do
olaration of want of confidence in the~
President. What good had the law
ever done ? IXad it curbed a bad
President ? Ruthlessly and in defi
anee of it Andrew Johnson bad 'turn.
ed Edwin M.8Stanton out of office,
and when the H-ouse Impeached him
therefor the Senate held him acquit
and free.
Mr. Farnsworth sugge-te d that the
Senators who had voted to convhi
Mr. Johnson had voted for this amend
inont.
Mr. Baytler did not know who was
in favor of the azpend.ment. It had
been, passed In seoret caucus; but he
knew that the vote ou the repeal o0f
the law did.net bear out the gentle.
mein%s statement.
Mr. Farnsworth-The vote ot tbh
Senate amendment does bear me out
lMf. Butler.-Oh ! bahl iddlesticks
(TLanghter.) I6 was made a tnatter ci
caucus diotatibn-i.t was sgreed to ai
a coospromIse; and all compromise It
leg ilon are viciouf. I have beet
tothat the Presidenit is satisfiec
irth the law. I do not pretend t<
bars the enowlleg abant that whti
others claim to have; but I have no
doubt that if President Grant said
anything about it, it was under the
circumstance of the Senate committee
going to him and saying :-"Sir, you
are our President; we are in trouble
in the Senate ; if you do not agree to
this we shall have difficulty ourselves."
And President Grant may have said :
"I agree to that or anything else rath.
or than you should have trouble. I
do not mean to put myrel in your
way ; I do not mean to raise any dii
culty in your party." F'ut if ho said
so it was because he relied on the
sentiment of the country. lie relied
on the House of Represeatatives ; he
relied on our sense of our own dignity,
on our sense of our rights, on our
sense of our own consistency, to save
him from the disgraceful law by
which his hands are to be tied.
The Pork Supply.
A late issue of the Cincinnati
Prices Current gives a detailed state
nent of the pork packing in the West
during the season just closed. From
the returns there furnished, it appears
there is a deficit, when compared with
the supply of the season previous.
This deficit, though not so large as
was expected, is still sufficient to keep
the price of bacon ip to it3 present
figures, and not improbably to run it
up still higher.
The total n!nber pau ed is 2,477,
264, against 2,793,033, last season, a
fulling of' of 315,766 hogs, or about
one-ninth. But as there is an increase
in the average weight, the deficiency
is reduced to 214,901, or less than
on11-tenth. While the.,upply, as thus
shown, is decreasing, the demand is
reported as on the increase. On com
p-,ring the reports of packing for a
number of ears, it is found that the
number of hogs slaughtered in the
Vest now is very little more than it
svas twelve years ago, white the natu
ral increase of the wants of the
country must have been forty per
cent.
These figures seem to point out the
fact that the West has reached its
linait in the production of hogs, and
they nlso account. satisfactorily for the
high prices of bacon. Now what is
the remedy for the .South. who con
sumes most of the surplus bacon crop,
of the Ve..t? Is it not in her own
bands? If the farmers of the South
would only combine to try the expe
riment of raising thcir own supply of
meat for one year, b,;con woubl come
down as rapidly as cotton does when a
big crop is coming into market.. But
combination for mutual benc(fits is not
the forte of Southern farmers. The
probability is that the vast. majority
will pay as high prices for meat next
year, if not higher, while it is by no
means certain that they will realizc
as much for cotton.
It is in the power of every farmer,
however, to frce himself from thih
heavy annual tax on his profits, if h<
chooses to do so. While the mnajority
have been content to depend on other
sections for corn and neat, there are
many who succeed in raising the no.
cessuries on their own farms. They
may vot, it is true, have as many
bales of cotton to sell as their neigh
h;ors of eriual means ; but what the3
do sell goes into their own pockets,
and not into the hands of Westerr
produce nmerchants. We have nevei
met one of this class who was dissat.
ilfied with his method of farming.
Tm SrvnAION IN CImNA-By way
of San Francisco we have telegramm
from China dated at IIong Kong or
the 19th of Febrnary, embracing a
concise yet interesting report of th<
situation of affairs, executive, politi,
cal and social, in the Central Flowery
Kingdom. Modern civilization eon
tinues to press on the hoary traditions
of the contry at all points and makeu
progress in the struggle. The Bur.
lingame American treaty, a symbol
and rallying point for future reforms,
had been received at Shanghai frorr
WVashington, but awaited delivery tc
IPrince Knmng, at Pekin, to have full
force. Mr. Burlingame's arrange.
Iment with Lord Clarondon to the of.
feet that all disputes with the Chinese
shall be referred to the home govern
Iments previous to the undertaking of
hostilities was displeasing to many
IBritish speculators who have fattened
onet what may he termed the war-mak
ing power. Rebhellion prevailed in
the North, the Mohammedan insur
g ents blocked the way to Pekin, and
Catsholio missionaries venture the pro.
dietion that the empire will fall with,
in twelve months. Mining operatioan
and other sourcem of material progrosa
were at an end for the present, and
the popular disorganizat,ion was wide.
spread in the interior. The English,
according to their usual missionary
fashion in the East, had destroyed two
villages by the fire of their gunboats
and ft is easy to be seen that Chint
must be revolutionized by some high
toned Christian Power, or else th
country will perish from Internal de
cay. Can the United States under
take the mission i-New York H-er-aZs
"Fromi the number of applicants foi
fe'male olerkships, we Infer that mos
Iof the Bureaus at Washington ar<
well supplied with ereward. (Thal
last wor d is anelled ha ewa1.
Ouban Symyathy in New York.
The following resolutions were then
read and passed with loud and prolong
ed applause:
Resolved, That the present struggle
of the Unbans for independence and self
government belongs in the sa-ne cate
gory with the American Revolution of
1776. It should excite the symnpsthy
of all friends of popular progress and
deserves every kind of aseistanco that
other nations may be able to render.
Resolved, That the Cuban cause is
just and the wrongs against which the
Cubans revolted are such as should
rouse the indignation of mankind, in.
chiding as they do taxation without
representation, the f o r c e d main
tenance of the institution of slavery,
the exclusion of all natives of the isldd
from public service, the do.ial of the
right to bear arms and of all the sacred
privileges of citizenship and nationalh
ty.
Resolved, That in proclaiming the
abolition of slavery the patriots of Cuba
have given conclusive evidence that they
share the most subs'ant.ial ideas of mod
ern democracy, and that the:r poli"ical
principles are in unison with those
which inspire and govern the profoundest
thinkers and speakers of the age.
Resolved, That while men of free
tmids in all countries must view witi
interest and hope the uprising of Cuba,
we, as citizens of the republic of North
America and ncar neighbors of the is.
land, recognize q special obligation
tow-irds ehe patriots who are toiling and
fighting for its emancipation from Euro
pean tyranny.
Resolved, That in cur judgment it is
the duty of our government to recog
iize the belligerent rights of tho Cubans
at the earliest, practicable moment., and
thus to show the world that this nation
is always on the side of those who con
tend ngain.t despotism and oppression ;
aid that. we earnestly entreat thu Exec
titive at Washington that there may he
no unnecessary delay in decisively deal.
ing with this great subject.
The following officers of the meeting
vere then appoint ed:
Vice Presidents -Gen. John A.
F'remont, Jolin lRientin, Frank E How.
nrd, William Hastings, Alex. Taylor,
Johtt K lIcaket.t, Henry Sivthe,~Jas.
Pai ker, J. 13. Norris. J
,en-taries-Fletcher lliarper, Stuart
M. Taylor, W. \ato
RE.\tARKS BY Mit. PAUL B. DU CH1AILLV.
Mr. Du Chaillu said :-We have
heard the cry from Cuba of widows and
orphans. WVar and revolution is wag
ing in Cuba, and poor people are suffer.
ing from the barbarities inflicted upon
themu by these tyrants. He was in the
coiiiary to whicht the Spanish authorities
are ixil ing the revolut onisti,, and his
Ile:h shuliidered when he read that these
mtei were sent to Fernando Po. He
could stand a great deal of A frican cli
uat', but tlhat. of Fernando Po. on the
vest coast of A frica, is thu most it
suiTrable. It rains there all ilhe time,
mlid is extremely hot, and from the de
cayed vegetation that sends forth pois
onous exhalations it is the most tin
healthy spot in the world. The Eng
lislh first had ii. but the Spaniards about
ten years ago claimed it. and the English
conceded it to them because of its un
healthfulness. It is to ho hoped that
the revolution will suieceed, so that the
poor Cubans will be promptly rescued
from their e'xile. le protested against
the out rage of sending polititeal p)risoners
to Fernando Po. It. is an outrage
agoinst, whiebh every m anouighitto protest
espe.ctally overy citizen of this great. re
public-for, after all. Cuba is a part. if
our country. She s at our own doors.
Cubans are A mericans born on this con
tine'ni. Hie sincerely hoped, therefore,
t.hat nll were united and] actuated with
the same desire to ~ive her material
and physical aid. ((Gheers ) He woul~d
therefore call for three cheers for the
freedom and independence of Cuba -
(Tremendous cheering and waving of
handkerchiefs.) -N. Y. Herald.
S.rLT, WATia R,UNs Dav.r.---Time,
which is a great discloser of secrets, re
r'eals that when Gen. Blutler took the
trail in pursuit of President Johnson
.luring the temipestuous days of im.
peachmenat ail seized the books of 'he
telegraph oMce lie bronght down difi'er
ent game from what he anticipated. Ho
st.irred up, in short, a formidable nest of
the "worms of the still," a species of
insatiate rept.ile wvhich fattens on the
intestunes of the co'tnt.ry, and for which
it is toi be hoped Congress may find a
prompt and potent remedy, fIt the
b)ooks which wore confiscated by Gene.
rail Butler, as chairman of the 'commit.
tee, are RAid to have been deepatohes
from various leaders of the whiskey
ritng to the chairman of the Ways andi
Mesa Committee. Their exact tenor
is not yet madie public, bhtt dhey were
probably instritotive and enlggestiea
ais to the best means of collecting the
revenue tax cin whiskey. At least we
hope that it a all prove so, although it
seems a little singular that the oelebrat.
e'd impeachment witness, Wooley, who
was a whole week telling all he' knew
to Butler's oommitt e, shouldlhave offer.
ed ten thousand dollars to get, only two
of these despatches out of the .inflexible
grip of Bntler. What are those d.
spatches ?-.-N. Y. Mereld.
The Oh rli vIeTVa~~ Ohronted
inists that there are but two parties in
V'iginia. "Wh'4 of the two' 5, choose
- 0?aa athn, ?"

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