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THE rAIRFIELD HEALRDI
l'ulisbed Every Wednesday at
WJ JNASB ORO, 2S. C.,
)EAPIORkTE & WILLIAMS.
Tl MIS-AIN Al) ANCE.
Ono Copy one year, - - $ 8 00
Fie -- 4 a 1250
ten 4 '4 - 26 00
ticige Bond usa Ku Klux.
;1 ptoouounoing upon lie so-called
ik cI x 1,risonerh in Columbia, S. C.,
.1 ov Jeffreys--wo beg pardon,
-.li )g- IBond-said many things whlch
I v.. already been icoorded to his
'ig I di-grce, but, after all
hisi ft .rts to justify his condut dur
in.- the trial and thle conderlination
oft the poor whit meu who had been
-. gulity by hIs negro jurors, he
i is I 1unwittinigly confesed judg
lit, il the following declaration.
Gro V'ng warm with anger, we may
itim.gwl, as he proceded to deciribe
1ho unpar allel(d Offenoc8 wthioh his
wit 1*r I. (n1 tle of themi for tle consid
<ihtt'on it two itindred dollars) had
prved the defendants to have been
guilty of, the .Judgo said :
"There oppears (o be io woundring
olf Oi he I;irits ; nio such scise of injury
to ytmr-elf aa manii as would be folt
1-y the lcumlblct of your fellow-citi
7 it! in hny other part, of the United
'1a-e4 with whicl I am acquainted.
Th (re the citizen upon whom such
oit ragces were perpetrated, stung to
madndess by the insult to his manhood,
vould14 he swift to follow the wrong.
dOer to (lie ecld of the world to iuacko
Liim atono for it."
He-* the Judge distinctly declares
t ._t. "lin any other pa11rt of tle Unitod
mtes with which) he is acqualnted
the ei: i3ns would have lynclhed such
1e10s cl( omttpose tie ku klux clan-in
ocher words, would thems.lves have
b-oecmm ko klux ! And Judge Bond
ves 11 , omLclation that ie Would not
.oino suhelc a ku klux clan himiself.
O t be contrary, he leaves it to be
infe-r red thit he would consider the
lynciig of a hIm klux to be a praise
%,.rtly act. Now, had over any poo.
ple mTI the world better reason than
1-iii th1oo of Sonth Carolina for taking
t 1c hiw into their own hands? Plun
dorel, insulted, over-taxed, put under
tIc he h ls of their formcer sliva, and
at tie mery of corrupt carpet-bug.
ger judlges and negro juries, the white
people of that Stato had exactly the
SaIne! reason for tacking the lawinto their
own lands which Judgo Bond says
would have induced the people elso
where to do so. Out of his own
month is lie condiemned .-Rtichmond
Death of a Patrlrirclh.
- The venerable lkul Lyons, the
tcldest man in Mobilo county Ala.,
11nd i.crhaps one of the oldest in the
Southwest, died on Thursday week.
1l1 %%as borii in SAvai di ,0o. ilit
19I1 day of July 17U, . %,
tic. re-fore, neari fly one hundied and
eleen yeata old tit the - titne of his
dcat (h. 110 uca inl Savannah during
the war1. of the Rovolution. 11o mar
riel in 1809, whon noarly lft~y years
old, yet had lived with his wife, who
survives himc, for more than sixty
ymsccc. Alr. Layons leaves a number
ccl children, grandubcildr-en, and great
yrc cdohildre~n most of wvhomn are
roeidentsc of'the southern part of this
c~ounlty. llo was bcorn before George
t ? e T'hird sueccieded to the British
hcown,9 while Frederick the Great
was in thne zenith or his fam ne~and severa
yeacrs before the birth, of either Naspo.
I ec'n Ihnopart e, thne uik of Welcling.
ttcoc, or Acid rew .Jack ion. le was a
conltempjorairy of lhnison and Gold
scichI, andl wacs eloven years older
than Walter Scott.-Mobile Register.
A Russian lanco.
The hardest kind of amusement for
femialos ever gcot up mnust be the
11 cusian ,easanit dc a wees. Think of a
F.icl going through a long da-nee with
oust speaukincg or smuilin~g I The fol.
L .wmg isc an account:
Tlhe dlancors stcand a part--a knot of
youiig mont here, a knot of maidens
tlhmc c-each sex by itself, and silent
ac , crowd of muuteso. When the p i
cner brecako into a tune, a you1th pulls
II his cap and chal lencges a girl with a
wave anid ac how. If the girl is will.
mc'z she- wcaves her haindkerchieof in
tscken of acsent; the youth adva-noes.
tokes a corner of tehe hanudkorchiovf in.
hcis hand, and loads hit lassie round
anid round. No word id spoken and
nco laugh is heard. Stiff with cords
and rich with braids, the girls moves
Ihe.vi ly bcy hr rself, going round andl
roucnd, anud never callowing her partneir
t, tuceh her hand. The pipe goes
droccicg ouc for hours in the sad key
:cnd mieascure ; and the price of merit
in this "ciroling," as the dance is call
ed1, is given, by spectators to the lassie
who, ini all thcat summner revelry, has
inever 1 eenI cIpcken and never smiled."
IhngsC Hanildred Years Ago.
Narriages a hundred years ago dif.
fered im nmy respects .from those
celebrated at tihis time. It is inter.
o ting to read over th record of some
of thboso 0en isions. Heore is- an aos
couint of a maerriano celebrated in
liagland in June, 1760, by which Miss
FEleancr S9ho'en, "Sn aigreeable yourig
gentlew,,nian," beame Mrs. Wan.
Docblhin, t~he groom hbeing "a consid
erall fcrmcer cof Gireat Fiossum,"~ near
Rtothi 'c.-y,.in the cm-ty of Crtmber.
Ican-l. Otf the -uter~c aiment given on
his occain wu. uco told that it was
"ver y gralnd, theie being no less than
I 30 quaccrte rs of lanmb,. quarterm
veal, !!) piuarters mutton, and a great
qgnnly hoof, 12 hncms. with a it
ble number of chickens, &e., which
wa concluded with $ h lf-ankers of
\runds made- into- mmnch : 12 dozen
of tider, a great snany gallons o
wine'"and 90 bushels of malt, jnadf
into beer. The company consisted ol
550. ladies and gentlemeo,- a bo con.
oluded with the busto of 25 fiddlerf
and pipers, and the whole was con.
dueted with the utmost order and
Curlositles of Life.
Lay your finger ov your pulse, and
know that every stroke some imnuoral
passes to his Maker; some fellow
being arosses the river of death ; and
if we think of it, we may well wonder
that it should be so long before our
Half of all who live die before sov.
Ooly one person in ten thousand
lives to be a hundied years old, and
but one in a hundred reaches sixty.
The married live longer than sin
If you take a thousand persons wh,
have reached seventy years, they are
Clergymen, orators, and public
speakers, 43, farmers, 40 ; workmen,
33 ; soldiers, 33 ; lawyers, 29 ; pro
fe8sors, 27 ; doctors, 24.
Theso statenments are very instruo.
tive. Farmers and workmen do not
arrive atgood old age as often as the
clergymen and others who perform no
manual labor i but this is owing to
n1eglect of the laws of health, of at'
tention to proper habits of life in eat:
ing, drinking, sleeping, dress and the
proper care of themselves when the
work is done,
Wednesday Morning, Jan. 17, 1872,
End of tihe Ku Klux Trials.
The grand "Inquisitorial" farce at
Columbia, digniaed by the name of
U. S. Circuit Court, which has been
dealing out justico, so called, to the
victims of Radical persecoution for
some considerable time past, has, we
are gratifiod to stato, at last adjourn
The trials have resulted preclsely
as we predictod, and developed a spir
it of bitternes, on thd part of the
Government and its represeritatives,
that went even be3 and our expecta
tions. We expected no ftvors fioin
Judge Bond, consequently were not
disappointed at the course he saw flt
to puraso. Nor did we lvok for the
slightest exhibition of mercy from
such 111en as Corbin and Chamberlain,
the latter named, be it remembered,
with the foul taint of fraud and cor
ruption soiling his garments.
Nor did we anticipate impartial and
Aven handed Justico ft-om a packed
jury, a jury composed of supporters of
the "aRing," and sworn to convict in
the face of every kind of evidence.
Those men simply obeyed the orders
of their politioal masters, and carried
out the instruotiona of the diabolical
Loyal Lecag .0.
(Jno other charnater in "the
dramas," we will briefl3 notice.
The course of Judge Bryan has
caused us njo little surprise, and
whether or not he aeted from eon
scient tous conxviotions, we do not pro
pose to discuss. We will say this
nruch, however, that in our hum
ble opinion, his judgment is at fault
concerning the Constitutional points
involved, chiefly as to the extent of
the authority delegated to the Presi
dent by the Constitution. Nieither,
we think, does he show a proper ap..
proec-ation of that great princi
ple L'of civIl liberty, "Habeas Cor.
pus." We regard this right as sa
credly inviolable, and its suspension
dangerous to Republican institutions,
and subversive of the cause of free
The closing not of the "Inquisi
tion" was the arbitrary attempt to
have the name of an honored Attor
ney, Col. F". W. MoMaster, stricken
from the roll, on the ground of his
refusal to betray professional eonS
denco betwoeen himself and his client,
We rejtice that .Judge Bend found
one South Carolinian who would
not kneel at hia foet, and wvho' stood
out manfurlly in-defence of the saered
privileges that others sought to vio.
In view of the approacing seasonl
when our former friends will make
their preliminary arrangements for
the present year's crop, we beg leave
to offer a few general Muggestions in
rogasid to that noble profession, "the
tilisge of roil." Of course we will
coniafne. ourselves tro what haxs come
under our ow'n observation.
Jit is cortainly a mark of| wisdomi to
profit by the teachings of ezperience-,
a truism rnot properly appreclated and
recognised. It, is also equallyv c-er
tain that no vague theories or apecu
lative ideas can serve us so well when
engaged- in agrieultural pursuits as
the plain and simple, yet impressive,
lL-s.)na taught us by an olperienec
gained, in the eases of mahy, at ax
serious cost- This is no les. t...e o
many other calllnks in life, bu pa
tIouliy so'#' wthink, in the e 4
thos 04 t0, iho soil.
To 009n i Main poi't,
torced 49 bol.ieve that the system o
farming, aOaW pi4ent practioed, oat
never result in any permanent goo
either to those fit-tiig tf; ty th<
agrioultural,interosta of the couott
at large.' Ad mitting this m'uch, i1
fUllows that tbero ,, in order to .oqr
reot thd evils oiisiinA id ,it, jab urgeni
need of refo n, whiph iqlemaauded ox
every side, and by oVery.. ootasiddra
tion affecting our welfare as a people
Under the lstitutien of alavery, oui
mode of cultivalit.g The soil Ws *on
peculiar to ourIatves, and eccessiinted
by the circumstances at that timi
surroundinig us. Lu borers were abun
dant, and cobt comparatively little
being most generally self-sustalking
Every inch of available ground was is
cultivation, and still the cry was foi
"wore land%" Our latge planteri
frequently hired their surplus labor.
era to their less opulent nieiglborsi Le
cause of an inouflicieney of tillablI
ground, denionitrating thereby that
the supply (f labor was mot-e thai
equal to the deuand, in t1.eir indi
But an unc-xpected turn of eventt
has changed all that. Slavery i1
abolished, and we have free labor in
its stead, not only free labor, but a
system of labor that is unreliable, and
in the mtain uncontrollable.
So great a eh-rge as this, workingj
as it has done, disastrously in the
majority of instances, required in the
beginning a thorough reform in our
mode of farming and planting. It
a a matter of great regret th it this
much needed reform has never yet
,iome. Six 3eors of sever e toiling and
struggling fbi.d us plodding along in
the old beton track, substantially
standing wheru we were at the closo
of the war.
Let us east our eyes over the faoo
of the country, aud what do we see I
Large tracts (I la:.d either nnculti.
vated, or cultivated in a way that is
daily impoverishing the owner, and
seriously injuring the soil.
Our fairmors tutu learn soUethi'g
from their experienceduring the past
ive or tix years. They ought to per.
ceive by this time that the policy
they formerly pursued is a fale' one,
and is proving fatal to their interests
Instead of a wholesale cutting dow s
of forests, let then contract theil
area, and by adopting an improved
system of cultivation, they will real
ize more at less cost thin under the
old style. The experience of those
who hine tried this plan justifies thh
statement, and besides the idea it
practical, and coinmends itself to the
One more suggestion is this5 thai
the quantity <; land heretuf.,re devo
ted to "king Cotton"' be reduced one.
haf, and that one-half set apart foi
the cultivation of cereals. As ha
been remarked, it is a reproach to us
who are essentially an agricultura
people, that our granaries arA estah
lished hundreds of miks away fromr
There is another subject of vital
importance to our farmers. The:
should use every effort to have ai
equitable "fence law" passed by the~
General Assembly,- anid when this it
done, turn their attention mere t<
stock-raising, and cover their biacui
tivated Iahds wvith hoegs, sheep, cows
and domestic animals of every de
When the reform, tha't we hav<
mentioned takes place, we look fur
return of prosperity, butt not unti
Notwithstanding the fact that thm
poplarle sentiment of thme whole ooun'
try, North, South, East, an~d Weost, i
strongly in favor of agenecral atmmnest)
Congress has ump to this time, faile,
to imako provision thecrefur, and stil
keeps a l'argo portion <.f the citizen
of this U'niou depcived of the, riah-t
and p)rivileges guaranteed them 11
the Constitution. This state o
things is unjust, and betrays a lit tle
ness of mind on tdoe part of t b
leading men in Cungress thati
not in-keeping with the spirit of th
present age. -The mai~jority in on
National Legislature owe it to the ir
torests of the nation to correct b,
proper legislation the evils anid wrong~
that accompany the polio)y of pre
soription they have pursued since the:
obtainmed- eontrol of the government
To thiis same policy may be ascribel
much of the bitternes, that ex
lue between Certaini Leotloan'
the country, and which will' exis
exist forever- unlesb a ehknge, o e
over the spirit of our. rulers. The:
misjudge the eharaster and' metal'.
the Southern people If they expeot t
see themi kiss the rod that strie
them, and kneel it. tha feet of su
' h till: and th6% as traitors, an
owoutrage their sacred amd invioli
bloej ortie .
(0 neeTy Beialh yeats 'inoe t
f last aots of our bloody struggle wer
consummated at Apponatox, and tb
I Southern soldier surrendered to th
a OvotpoetHing numbers of his enoeiei
Then, i wah wo -looked for the we]
come rettirn of peace, and set aaout ti
oollqot .tgetho; our bh&Lutteed foi
I tunO.", and aceoiu ply atb uirhelvcs t<
k the oxig') cies forqedI upon us by a
irresiztiblU f;te. \Vbile ou.- peoph
.ihve t vinced a disp->sition to abide b,
the decioe of that arbitrament t
i which they resorted it redress thei
grievance0, the puliey of thQ guvern
0 ment 11s been one of pio.ser iptini al
persecution1 W have let5'. loader
with every hind of ins-ilt and opp: Ce
hion. 1'1ho best lt-h 1 m oH 11i01gist us arn
still spoken of as renegadts and tri
tors to their coun try, und the rights o
freemen denied them.
Thcrecan be to pernianent peac
While this cu2tiit s, aid it is lii l
timo that C.iigress should awake t
the fact that the civilzm.tion of thi:
enlighltned age, as well as the do
maids of chii.,ti.ity, r quire i
change in the ton., of the government
anid cll loud for a restoration of thusi
prerogatives and privilege; now de
nied so many of our loading o'tizcns
We do not amk it as an act of grace
We demand it at an act of justice.
"'4Rflo W eaere t he Woodbine
The latest tensatioin in New Yo;il
1a the a1assInation; of Jas. Fn.k, J., b3
JIdwtird S. Stkes.
Visk had a national reputation a
the "Prinee of E to'," Colonel of the
9th New York 9: :te .ilitia, and herr
of "Black Frid iy" on Wall Sf~reot, al
the time ho dnd Jay (ou'd and Gen.
Grant word inplieated in uoine gold
transactions, about which there ws
omwisiderablo indignatlin in (inancial
He was the author of the saying
"Gone where the woodlilno twineth.'
le probably by this time "knows hon
Fisk's Funeral nud Family.
The funeral of the lato Jame,; Fisk
Jr., took place to-day the 1oth inst.
at Battleborough, Vt. Very little
display was made although the in,
habitants of the town and surround
tog conitry witnessed the processiot
in large nutnhersi The funeral rcr
vices wcreheld in the Baptist Lhureh
Chaplain Flagg proaching the sermon
Thi reimia ins were placed in a plait
hean , and 'escorted to the buria
ground by the oefiders of the Nint
Regiment as a body guard, and fol
loweo. by the uidoy of the do
coiNed and telatives and friends it
c Arriagres. The weather was extremn
ly bad, and not many spectators wor<
present att the loweri:.g of the body
The t'ather of Fisk has gone cruza
from the arsyssin.ation of lbisson.
Ini a flluiddlo.
The Washington Patriot of Wed
nesday hats the following : "~
Third Auditor's oflice is in a muddle
Mr. Hunt, who is still suspected o
having information concerning th<
Grant deofalcation, has been dlenieti
admnissioni to any of the rooms of th<
Third Auditor's office, and all the
messengers introdluaed accord ingly
Mr. Green is sbill the victim of hi:
hionesty in refusing to pass a fraudu
lent account, and Mir. lintherf'ordi
himself hiemimed in with diflicul tiei
being under seome sort of inv'est gatio
by Seeretary Boutwell. It has bec
remotely whispered that there wil
be a vacancy at the head of tha
bureau ere long."
MIealugills cured by a New and Succes:
TDr. E. 1N. Calhoun, physiciani
Fulton county jail, v'isitedl a negr
feilow conifiued in (lie dungeon, wht
was suddenily stricken down with iI
painful malady, and remaining tuo
e ty-six hours severely ecntulan~d, a
.which time the doctor aduiistei et
atobacco enemna, and continued ita
nercessity seemed to indicate f(4
three days, at wihichi time lie was en
I tirely relived. tHis opiniioni
i ht it is the only reliabice rented
for this dhiSense. - Atlanta ( Ga.) Cot
The0 lIeal of the lttunan Blody.
T'hte amount of ice neces~s mry to Cot
-a galileni of water wii co: 1 16 cubi
e ards of itir of the samote(m perature
A mani of 150 pound:; weight, with i
body at 104 degrees. OOntiaiiis as mne
heat as a space six yards long, wid~
r !arid high. of the samlle tenmperatuhr
This explains thie reason why a rooi
filled with people rain*s its ton. per;
tuhre so rapidly fromi the raidiation<
heat. To cool this amount of air t
64 dbegrees, the temnper ate heat, a r<
duetion of 40 degrees is required, an
the m~eltiig of three pounds of ie
Swould be amply suflioicep.t to cool tt
air, as that would abstract as muoh (
more heat than the body throws off.
-To Keep Flips off llorses.
a T..ke 2 og 3 ounces of crude oai
r belie acid (which qan be obtained at
drug store) put ii, p quart bottl<
whieti fill up with wvater ;.then task
0 up about one large spoonful of thi
B liquid to a half pint of water, an
n sponge tlhe hor, over. it.t
0 LbNDON, January 9.-841Ignitin
e Brothers havo introduced hero on the
continent four millions new 1linited
0 States loan, at 871.
0 A desputch from Sandringham re
. ports that Ihe Prince of Wales went
out yesterday, for the first time sinco
Nap-deon will soon publikh an his.
itorical wk, with startling revel.i
t tions regai-ding tho French mill.ary
1 pnis, January 9.-.-Tho. Radicals
ato successful in three of the seven
een di,triots fir thu vacant beats in
1the A ..IalV.
r , o o . n f, .anu. ry 1).--- - K e plo
-m, de. tructivo of life antat1d propu y,
ocoired ve torday in the Oakwood
Colliery, Wales. F ,ven dea1 are
allreIaly .takn out. Ihannes f Ilow d.
T exj io-ion *.as ektensve1, itad tile
r ks and machinery were de troyed.
LoNbo, January I 1.-There was
man inienso detn.omttration at Limer.
ich, in frvor of home rule.
Lou noN January 13.-The tenants
3 of the Pr.nooof Wales, at Sandring
ham, in a body1 ootigcatulated himi
D.blia advices A te t.h tt 0'U3)n.1
laue was ,?ked to resign his seat in
Parliaiont-his views regarding the
homre govkirinneat, being opposed to
tliosc (of hi, co.nstitunca ti.
PAanis Janunar y 13.--Tho lhuring
, tatiff bill inpo.-es ler 100 kilo
_ grannnwes 80 franos on wool; 4 oni
cotton ; '1 to 7 on rosit. I
Cremor, chaiyed with shooting a
'P. 1 pt1y tat I4ijia , has beena ac
''ie Connittee oil Military he
o'gan1isatit b adiopted a r uie that
.ol diers whose trii has I ad c x pired,
Lilt Vh1o wero ilnab! to read or% write,
shall be detained til they are Ible
to do so.
Naw OnLE.ANs, J1anuar1y I1.-GoV.
Wainou1th it rejects all Uvertul ares of
coma proinise wtii the Carter faction. t
A shooting affray took place yester
(ay. wo110 unteone 'trnefld in the row
Tle PIcayutie opposes iarti al law
for which, it inadern tatds, sonie of the
it fluential citizens are about petitzou
Froml Newfolidtind. .
JANUARY, Jatanary I .-The bri