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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, June 16, 1875, Image 2

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R. MEANS DAVIS, Editor, b
W1oftsdy 'or ling June 16 18*
'hat was a prematur&gpp9uvQ,,,
nont made some tlni.ago that La
nar aa4Geu. Jhbtgn. 4ad bobn ap
liiited to prominent )ositious in the 1
celebration of the Philadelphia Con. A
tonnial. No appointments have, as
yet, been mado.
The Sumter Watchtnan says tha
Gov. Chamberlain has appoin-ted lonq
John N. FrieH'ti, Jury Comm'issione'
of 43um'to-r'Oounty. This is an admir
rab' a'ppointment, as it is a-n a
kuowledgment thatthis is a 'oost rb'
sponsible positi~on. With Yualgo
Shaw on the bench, and Col. Frierson
as Jury Commissioner, the peo'ple of
Sumter, whito and colored, will hav
justie dcalt to them impartially.
Wondoll Phillips wants Grant for
a third term. lailing in that, he
believes Beast Butler the bost man
for President. Admiral Somines
declares that the South must do
niand a repeal of the 14th amend
ment that disfranchised certain of
hor citizens, as a pro requisite to her
participation in the Centennial. It
would be a good thing to pit these
champions again-t eoach other. Our
spare change is staked on Setmmes.
The Supreme Court of New llamp-.
shire, comnrosed of two democrats and
a republician, decided unanimously
that the State Senate was the judge
of the election of its members, and
that there was a quorum when the
two democratic Senators woreo do..
clared el-oted. This confirms the
notion of the democrats. Tho secod
ing re.publicans have returned to the
Senate, and the Legislature is work
ing smoot-hly. On joint ballot,
Cheney, republican, was elected
Governor. T-hus, by an obedience to
law, a disgrticeful co'ntest 1as 'becu
Uovornor Ohbnborlain and Rororm.' I
It is unfortunate that a discusnion
has boca commenced in the State
papavs, as to whether Gov. Chamber
lain is a reformer or an artful seheni
or. His administration began so
auRpiciously and hs already produo.
ed so much satisfutin in th.) State.
that we regret that any ocasion has
arisen for a discussion a s to the in.
teogrity of his motives. The only
cause for discontent sooms to con
sist in the delay in prosecuting ofli-,
cial criminals. We believe that
both sides in the dispute are err ing
On the one hand the governor is do.
niounced as a villain, and on th
other ho is extolled ats a saint. Now
the friends of the governor must
admit that lie is an experiment, and
is now on probation. Hlis record
'during the first six years of recon.
st.ruct.ion, is had, (juite had. But,
'no has been nobly redeeming himself
of late, and the people are in doubt
'now as to his ro.il character. IIis
recent recordl prevents any one from
'denouncing him as altogether wick
cd. Ilis past recordl prevents the
dofonce that lie is absolutely good.
So that any one assuming either of
these .positions Is mnistalken.
WeT must grant tlhe governor times.
Rome was not built in a day, and
all the thieves cannot be proscoutod
in a month. Though the proseou
tions be not swift enough to please
overy one, it must not be assumed
that the governor is shielding orimj,
nials from the conJsequeb-oos of their
Yhile, however, the people should
tbe willing to grant time to the gov..
ernor, 'he should take care that no
indulgence bho requiredI, knowing
that confidancc is a 'lilant of blow
growth, and that he has'but 'recently
inmplantedl it in the brcasts of the
people, ho should uso every exertion
to fost.,r it, sud remadvo all hoxiotta.
weeds that would choke it out. lie
should therefore push these prosoeu-.
tioars,'fourlessly without favor. As'
frionde -of the ,administ,ration we I
anode this advice, both for Ida 'g6od
- n thM. of -the peopla "in 'whoe e.
half we are laboring.
We are deeply interested in Ooy, I
Chamberlain. We are anxious to I
ieo a mianot his ability - prove him- t
seIf worthy of tho -ta}lrnts intrusted i
to him. But there is an element of d
uolfishiness commingled with this inN al
tercst. -Gov.Chambierlain is a no- )
cessity- lie, alone, in the State has tl
power at resent :to ebook 'fraude, 'tl
Istor h96sty an l restore order ut
ch"aos. pile votoe. tre' terrible a
ourges op the Looks 4f thieves, and b
ever,il( o evhko bowls of rage 0
Sda~ 'Igbjm orraption can
o forever orippl6d.
-Should Gov. Chamberlain once
)se he mastery ,he,will, be. trampled a
the dut, and with him will be a
esirod'the last bartier that has f(
eon reared againetoortre. during the '
'ast six months. Ignorance, bestiali. e
y and villain'y will usurp the thron., a
ind rendered savage by previous p
isappohi6tnients, will make the lit
Itate of. South Car6lina worse than
lie Irst. By losing th,) confidence
f the honest people of the State,
nd thereby losing the vote in the t
Legislature which has heretofore v
Irmly supported every measure
f reform, this mastery will be lost 0
Py Gov. Chamberlain and While the
Itate will be ruined, lie will be for
vor buried in disgrace. b
Every taxpayer will await with 8
inxiety the result of these prosecu- 0
,iou&. Th6y must succeed. And
very stop at present taken to P
lvea'keb the power of tb'o Governor
Pill render them more diffiOult of
iucooss. The thieves, who are now
badly frightenod, will again pluck
ip courage, and by themselces rais
ing the cry of "stop thief,' will so
Eivert the public attention that they
will succeed in escaping.
Let us therefore, as friends of
reform and justice, forbear from
making any comments until the
governor sh all have had reasonable
time to carry his plans of reform
into execution. Should lie then
fall, it will be time to denounce him
as an imposter.
In 1870, the city of Columbia went
into radical hands. The Conserva
tivos had previously succeed
ed in electing Mr. McKenzie
as Mlayor with oonservativo al
dermen. But the radicals were
in the heyday of their arrogance,
and altered the charter so as bring in
more r.dioal votes. In consequence
of this the radicals triumphed, elect
ing Mr. Alexander as Mayor, and a
solid radical coundil. The conserva.
tives have never succeeded in regain.
ing control of municipal afairs. In
the mean time the oity has been
pteadily going to the dogs, each ro,
ginio being, if pcible, more incom.
potent or dishonest thani the one pre.
ceding. The debt has been piled up
until it amounts to over half a millionl
dollars. The city has no credit, a
municipal note, bigned with the great
seal of the corporation, having, on
more than one occasion, been given
for a sum that even a poor marn wvould
be ashamed to acknowledge himself
unable 'to pay.
Taxes are piled up mountain high,
and are dissipated with criminal
prodig ality. Altogoth"r, the aity oF
Columbia in its corporate Onpacity,
is in a bad way.
This facet has b,een known to the
bax..payers for some time, and o' late
hey have become considerably exer
:isedl over it. A public meeting was
held several days ago, at which a comn.
mittee of twenty was appointed to
investigate the financial operations
f the council. This eoummitteo has
reported. The report presents a
startling array of figures. Incapacity,
ud frequently fraud has, eharaoter
ized every board since reconstruction.
T'ho bill for misclJaneous expenses
(whiskey and segars, we presume)
amounts to over two thousand dollars.
T li books:were so loosely kaspt that
it was only with the g'rG,atest difgioul,.
Ly that the comizittoe could niako
any thing c,at of 'them. WVhether
this loonnss was~ the result of inea..
Poi~ty or-demsign, we leayo 'for others
to 'judge.
.To add to the otber complications,
the city police are the subject of
grave aedtistitiotns. Some time since,.
a thief was captured by a ptlicetnsw.
At the time of his capture, he had on
his pera.n soveral 'valuxable articles,
imong them a .liamonil pin. The
policoman took these articles lb
hargo, and claims to have '.olivered
heiu over to his superior oilicer.
After the.lapse of a fow days, when
~he stolen Mitlolosiwro .produced for
dentification, the pin was missing.
rho acefisation has piiblicdy -inade I
hat-somo tuomber -f the-police foro' <
ra the thief. And yet weelks I
lapsed before the connoil or ties i
'oioe took-any steps to recover the
in or discover t'h~ t'hie'f. At last, e
ublic clamor compelled the counci'l a
o'have -an investigation. But that r
avestigation has not fixed tihe :gnilt r
efinitely .*n any one, nor has it r*. p
tilted in t,he recovery of that -pin.
ill thede eircumsitanoes have rc(used e
to .people, and'It 'is maogt :probable tl
iat the aMd of theaw m lm be. i
uked to brip' ibdit a'better state of
Airs in. oU I 04Wcapital. W
ope the A %tables will b
Ex Gov.1R. K.8oe9t has addrevied
letter to Lt. Gov. Gleaves, in on.
wer toa requ6t "idi*bgttiVIrit4g
>r an expressiod,un9 in og by the
r GoverLor onthi i dti
olored race. The letter Is teMiper- a
te, 'and oontalns u.pris of- f o.
retty falfil at;teil, snA imibgod
dvioe to the blaoke,,whiolgp gwqg 0
p wise to heed. We will give a
ynopsls of this letter.
The writer- begins. hy, regrettilg
ilat he ohnuot 'present a picture that M
ril1 altogeth ir meet tie hopes of 'lie
olored man. IIe fears that the aol.
red people have beOn too 1onlieti60
p the belief that t.ere is i,r the
Jolted States a party or a cobsidera.
,le class of men *hd aid ready to
Ustain them ierdly:beoause d.f thot a
olor or of their presious bondage.
le thus gives thb history of en%noi.
ation :
"You wll remernber that wheb
he war began, there wap no organ
zed party in favor of the unoondit6tv d
I abolition of sliver ,Thdr were t
few of the old aM1litionists who
avored an emancipation policy, with.
iut regard to its resilt tollhe count.ty.
3ut tihere was not a State cofivention,
tor a County or Town meeting at the
.4orth, within my knowledge, that did f
iot adopt roisolutions declaring to a
1o South that, in their desire to A
woree the seceding States into sub
nission to the National Government,
,hey had no 'desire to interfere with
he institution of slavery. Many t
eading altolitioniats were rea<y ts
pernii, the perpetuation of slavery by. t
3onsonting to a disolution of the i
Union, leaving ..the South entire t
power over slavery, and only detaud a
og that they themselves should not I
be held responsible for:its continued 0
.xistence. As the war progressed.it t
was found that. the slave property of t
the South was. the -most valuable of
any in supplying. the Confederate o
-rmy with the necebsary: tjqno for j
3arryingon the war. The proclina a
Lion of camnipat.iovj and: the congo V
quent enoumbranoe f iminn8e hum- I
bers of emanioipated slaves, caused d
their orfianiz ation - int an armed r
force. I lat is tovayp tIto immnse -
aumbers of oulaioipaWed iaves, flee. t
ing into the UnIou' lib6s could not f
well be provided for a private citi- f
cens ; and, as it- was -necessary to fur
Aish them with --some htoeana -of sub- u
itence, they were Cnro lled as
r Ile regards the early rcoonstruo'
ion acts as tniet.tkes. Had the
general government ..been a9tuated
ivith a desire to practically .>oqelt ,
tho South, it would have organised a
provisional governmets,-economiual- v
y adminiAtrod, and shbuld have -
-stablished schools to aeduato the ''
gnuorant, and especially the blacks, r
antiI they were better prepared to
overna themaselves. - Instead of doing V
this, they laid a most pnerouis. tax
>nl cotton, which took from ciach State p
at sums of monoy from th. agricual- &
-al cla.rs, to which the freedmen all t
bolonged. -No means were provided 0
or the education of the freedmen, E
dthlouagh ta o Unitod States, by t
having: rogonzed slavery was as 0
slearly responsible for their igno
ranoe as were the slave holders them-.
lie snys of the ebfranchuisoment of 0
lhe blavks : -t
''o,as a matter of justI% to the
aegro, nor because he wat b>elieved to.
e able -and compet;ent to organisei '
nid maintain P;sernmaentj ia ti6'e.
aeded 8tate.,, but as mnlta, 'Parhaps, *
or the p.urpose of p1nishing the white
non, who h,ad refusdd to accedeto the
~lan propoaed, as for the purpose of ~
maintaining RAepub liotn supremacy ~
n the secedd St4tes, Oongress passed
'nether law of recnstruction, enfran
bhlaing tbo negro lan the acceded
Stated, and conferring upon him the
power of organiizing geornmea
inder whioh allleclasses were to -hve
the whole based upon the afsnmptlon*
hat the white meon wouald quietly so-.
luhesee in ha'ving -their recent slaves
Flacod over 'then as'fawamnakers. 0
'.t iasth'on 'elesr to my mind that
ho amon avho owned all the property,a
aud possessed the largest intelligene)a
vould never 'quietly submit to this
node of establishinag go.verritnents~
~or caould I"coneoie of any -intelhi..
eont 'class of men who wdduld 'not0
ave-given to-stloh a'tnodeo of sostalr.~
tahing 'govorait,sencs amongAt tem
>erhapsl 25'violent oppouition 'a did
ho whiteo mri of thea redonattuoctod
states.' '
lHe claims also'that Cdaagteoicoe i
mjustly toward the IUn,ion 'men df a
he South, tvho were 'compdlled tb ft
iganize the -go'veroments nad decoept, a
ho resyonsibiity7of their 'aots.-L.
~roops were ,~wthlgawn *hile the $
rhites wemchafong ander- the noer ,e3
rder' of things. "No? did 'Congress 'e
sqtn tb-carb yhMthd tieab govert.W
sfuseal to tri4wsetves o4r a
roblem so dHffiouluisfolgtios, i
lie then puts 'In a -plea for thle 0
irpet-bag -governments by claiming *
lat their acts wer mismerset. .
who tled striven fot ema~ lIon
Ii a qu&tr tre oga t
qrKby ptt om . b
whi, ' f eno 4 rpt.
8OT ." T athat
I* re p It a , boi s
ncess I th South, I' prov.ed a
'engross haVing adopted anuiesti
bl,;4 n'qw ks p6liky would t6,
3stain itiowin work.
Anotier dibioulty is that maoy
tlkenibip, and havirefeu'ed jo tnakb
elleve this is a ."hito ma's gov
roment." Iff this class combines
ith -othei '6oitile elsineitp, 2yob
il[find a party1. the United $tates
L1'fiviently itrOng-to, eliminate the
olored man'entirely from any part
ir influenco in polities.".
The writer is pleased to see 'that
it last the. Democrats of the South
re adopting a conoiliatory policy
war4s the bltsk, and be. believes,
his polioy will be pursued.
The true policy of the colteca Udn
3*to promote fraternal rel4tions with
Ii olao" :of ,men, and to hreak
,wn their prejudices by convinoing
hem that'he himself is m6tdt by 'do
rejudioo when he toes his interests
nd that of the whites identical.
[a thus o'vludes:
The laying aside of all prejudices
hat grow out of your former rela.
IoUs as mastOr and slave, must extab.
ih nutual confidence and enable
ou to put the control of public
ffairs in the hands of the'boat men
f both raes, tnd 'onnot bat lay
he f6undation of a prosperous future
hat will not be surpassed by any s6
iou of the United 8.9ates. whilst the
3aiitOiiance of A separate and din..
intorganization, based UPon color
nd opposition to the ftmer- slave.
olders, must eveIuualIy lead -to a
o t Ite w'rebk of whatever pro"peri.
y yodhaveattained-for time cer.
6ialy has developed the fact that
ou ofanOt depehd'pon the influ
rceof Northern politioianh to sus
akn.you in ay confliot that may
rise from you-r "race, color or pre-.
ious coidition- of servitude." I
ave. fKeuently .haard 'your people
emnand politiol' rboognition and
epresentution, in prop.artion to your
Umbers, on the same ground that
he adopted citizens of this country
rom Ireland, Geratniy and other
Droig6 countries claim it; In this
pu forget that this fbootd-generation
f Irish ahd Germasi kre Amenri.
ens, Catid, have no peculat traits
rhioh -distingush thelb from other
Knmerican citizens. lint yur race
lave been here for., more than 250
ears, and ttill they are Africans -
nd, ihould you remain 1 900 years
ore, You will still b( Afrio-ani,
Ithough you wjIl be American citi.
31ns. You inust remember that you
re a sepatah .and distinct typl of
an, and that this country is full of
,i deepest .prjudioo against all
ices other ta; the Oanotan.
You should also rens,ember that
tnny of the leading Reopublica ot
e counotry, in the earlist history of
it reoonatrneted State Governments,
atoed through ti.e South, and, re
irning t'o the N4orthm with the moist
3rrible statements of the ' opposition
I' the Southern people to the Naition.j
I G>vernment and their bitterner'
>w~ar'ds the colored man, ass;umned
as niost radical grounds in. nd out
Congress for polit oal~ pur.poses..
.ud yet, after . th4 lapse of a few
ears, the samio parties ha~ s'euisit.
lithe Sou.2a, and have tet'urned to
'e Ni,rth presenting adother phase of
so Viture, conf letely vindicating
bes white nidb of the South and con
emnidig the colored mnan. This
evolbtion in feeling and judgment
ano only be uniderstoodi as an indisa.
on of the revolution that has taken
~acs ithe political opinion of the
orth, which-is5 now ready 'to hold
ou responsil9e for their own folly
ad mistakes, and to unite with the
bite men of the 8outh in your eliwi.
aLien from the field of politios. Anrd
>we find that all these men, who a
ir years ago, were the most violent
a favor of the negro, are now practi
lly his most uncompromoising op
ononto. This show., a want of
nowledge of human nature. They
'ould have known at tihe time tbat
iwas not poe.ible'to takre a man out
i the cottonfisld and make him a
stesmen, 'any more than -you can
tako-ajust man out of those who
lopt that line of'pbliey.
With the pastand thmelpresent as
have presented thenm 'before .you,
hat is'the dtity'of'the colpred-pieople
the 8outh in the future? .1 Vbuld
~y in'Wbs#dr, that -whaWever is 'to
>urin,terest is aanqueselonably ydur
ity. The-question, tRettfeto, Is-:
hbet is yoaur interest ? I-'hold 'that
>nr' twointer.eit is to atad s'lcof
bm -dri pUlitiheal parties. 'Yuta*
litle to hope or ox pect from a
i0n 'trith say politicel 1 party, -any
rlher thwa its e4An interest'oau be
b0ervted by affiliating with you.
~ith 'tbib Odirtainty as to thim'
port 1f y#ttr interest, aMid 'the -ab.
Wo.)ty of the oppositios of
trypli Wsa irho believes that hb
s uoooe4 it Iii politiaasi diabitieQ
tbqtu your aid,. 4 (ta he os$
ike nr by oppog than by cupt
s qpiet yo,J jI.
sbina9ois madeb wbo you are '
be sold odh, you wil mV esfatal
lstake, .'It v0a fre 'to beo6nme the
bjeQt,otbrit rep pdlitice
dw% v ogti to bse
Dome a party to the 1s06 yourselles.
You ea0A4'ake b tteryetiwith your
O'taik". .an '46 thi 614 .1.'0 Abol1.
ontst for iftho* isak the 'sale,
Snot it' the way of
t t, you your.
e6 r 'tojon b1ohatipu, You
can reasonably hope to pe6dke soine
share f politlal power abd Inluene
09Mely. a4..-.your. :posterity.
6 -Doi Ao'youlrselves to any party
tri4oh wil -be cotain tqOa"rifoe you
Vhefie it tkas a'obmplished -its own
purpose.- but say to all partioq in the
future that you will -upport in. n in
dteild of.partieI.-;that you will sup.
j ort the mn i "whose honor you
,94 tt:t, and who will guarantee the
largest representation for your people,
aIl iII whoa gh.rwteo 3"U una put
the gre'ute-st trust for the proteotion
of 'pur rigt, ai A merioai cit isene.
Th .-nunrae will caule Uleb lt all
i*atiis to auvi yei-r aupport and.in
uilence. They will meet your people
with a feeling of Iberality, and w ill
concede to you subh a representation
as' will be compatible with good
government. I advise this policy be
cause I believe it is for your beat in
terest, and ulso for the best interests
of the country. If you pursue a dif -
forent course-if you unite your po
litical fortunes with any party, and
that party i*dbfeated, you can have
no reuson to hope that the party
I hih you oppose will -conoodo any.
thiOg on the high moral ground of
justie to your race. RIcent.eventa
utake it highly probablo that great
hanges .are likely roon to ooour, not
only in the administration ol
many of the 8tate Govern,
ments, but in the adminlitra.
tion of the National -Govoinient
The letter conoludes with expres.
elons of frendbhips for the colored
We may comment upon this [letter
at some other time.
"What Oan Be Done at Rome"'
Ur. ditor:
A few days since, I read a letter
from a South Carolinian settled InI
California, advising the settlers bore
to remain whore they are. The let.
ter referred to is the PIonix of 29Lb
of May. I was still thinking about
that letter and wondering at the' ad.
vice, or rather thinking that a young
man could improve his oonditivn by t
settling in a fiesh oountry ; but while
still meditating on the subject, my
business called me down the road by
.IONtiello. Just after passing the
;iRtle dilapidtid village, I saw a
wheat fold to my right. I reined ut. F
and l'oked with wonder at that wheat.
Thirty years ago, an old farmer liv
ing 9 miles above, called the cotton
grown on that same land, "bumble
b ie cotton," because it produeed but
ono bloom, and that on the top, where
the bumble bee found the only place
on tbe stalk to light. Such #mprove.
ment on that land Is truly astol.;1sh.
ing. The whout, I suJp-,,, ,;ill
make 20 bushels to ti'.< -oe n
then just beyond th,,t wheat 'field Is a
large cornAeld -whiOlf 16khas'If every
hill had a.etalk of-ibtrn in it. It.i.,
aboU' tee 'highr, and planted and
4rorked at odra ought to be planted
and serited. This is on the road,and
~I a'mn told by two neighbors, who.
'know all about it, that west of this is
where that farmer made his eorn and
ootton, having bot tom land on a creekI
that runs through his lands for over a
mile, This land is ditohe.l, and so oom.
pletely prepared'theit'uerop of'25 buah..
eli to the dere 'is a suare yield. If otr
friend in' lifornoia were to se- thi,
farry nd w i'ismnaflged, he would'
be 'oonvinced 'that this'bid rohghliy
treated'oontry'bf otrs 'is still the
pldde *to rear up ehildren. 'Por al. I
though dbr addiety i-a not what we
dedite, yet it is far preferable to that
found'in the rough Western States.
And while I readily admit that all
cannot'have a niddel fatn, such as
the one 'I sawv, 'ydt all could wake I
grst Improvements if they would
.at try. And 'in a few years, by the e
time otlt'polities ierdprove, let us have
our Itrms Improved, and then we earn
again be a thriving sihd contented a
people, bidding deflance to the north
west for obrn, wheat, pork, &o.
Thoen when friends can call on u. with.
but any 'neasihess how their horsed
tare, od when wre can tark tboutouar
wheat, corn, oats dhd hi g, -how
pleasant 'It will be. Thfii. * *kdo, -~
for Ilone eijoyed such a life liti'not
latOl) and perhapis it will -neVr be
iny tot 'to enjoy it again, 'but'othere
may'. -Itespectfutly, to - 0
We at i-tich lploaued 'to learn 'the a
racte its'ted and to seo 'thb patriotto a
mud hsapoft,l sedtiments ekprosada in
he above letter. We -believe our n
stute affords grbat adtantes to the F'
ndustrious. iln this -oonnedtion we
ippdnd a letter frtuin W.-5. eoyolds y
Ehq., to the Sumtbr Watchman, A
hbowing the progress made by Spring i
11i1 TdaWnshtp in that'County. Aite'r c*
hebtio~ninig therby are at thie dios *
ft thae ir, all of'8prinig kill was de. ii
llroyeAl the ldtter .goev on 'to me-. ft
ion retsarkable improvements and ai
rea nterpflte'tml sk'Win nfarming. *
.nam.ta..eet.d..d ,,
ateI eehbreh. *lk, fee by' d
'orty, near the old site. The sp
ts denomination have. bult a very
)set ohurob edite I the vi6inity.
rho freed wen have worshipped undet
a shed, on the detlity of the hill j
but they are now' engaged In bul ditg
t ohuro , generoubly assisted by the
wrbites. The Sons of ToiApeVnce,
%bout one hondred and fifty in num..
ber, have ereoted a largo Hall, two
Itories high, the second oor of which
is occupied, alternately, by a Plant
or's Grange, the Division of 8onfr, a6d
a lodge of Free Masons. The base
mont to be used as a carringe shop.
Il the business season, we have had
three stores, two Avhite and one ol..
cred, and several private -osidefieles
hlve boon built on the H1111. And
wvithin about the cirutuforonce of
of three miles of 8priig Hill, eight or
ten new gin houses have been built
No.w, air, these are rather oxpon
sive struotures for the ties, and as
you -may judge that cotton is made
hereabouts, I will stato that It ex
citos no surprise hure when a man
daya that he expects to make a bag
to the acre.
f.Many years back, these lands
wore thought to be the poorest in the
county, and only 6t for suner resi
donces. The irst settlement made
here, ftr health, was by General Zack
Cao'ty, about sixty years ago, ion an
0lvi-tion a half mile from Sprini
ffill. lie was succeeded in the
unership by the lion. Evan Ben.
b w. Alter Col. Bonbow's decease,
,%r. Ww. Burrows became the pure
uha.er, and since the war M r. Bur
A-ews planted tweuty-five acres on the
(lill, anld.applie.1 guano, and to the
l:upiisa of every one, it yielded
wenty-six bagii, over an aver:ige of
bale to the aure. Mr. Mackey Bar
Reld owns the elegant Davis resi.
]ence on Spring Hill, and has uado
)ne bag and a half to the acre. Dr.
Danield Reynllds and Mr. Lafayotte
imith made, the past year, over a
Iva hundred weight bag to the acre
D the highest point of the Hill, and
>lanters in the neighbothood are
&like successful, Capt. H1. E. L.
vans and many others. 'I believe
hat this Township will now rank
Vith the most favored sections of
ur county, both as a cotton region
nd for material development.
know that m ny of my.readers will
>e attoni-hed at this statement of
aota, but I will say that they are not
uoresurprised than the writtr, who
ived on the spot. H never expect.
d to see such a ehange.
I will try, now, to give the solu.
ion. - I think there are two causes -
irst, the people here have "accept.
d the situation," and goue to work,
10lieving that emlaoipation has made
( a necesifty as well as the com
nand of God, and that he who does
ot labot at some-calling for u aup
iort is a loafer fu society, whether
to be high bred or low bred it n.
era not. Second, the OJb-.rieston
.hflsphates are perhaps b. tter adopt.
d to this soil than a-. lan'l in the
Ptate. I have he,-rd the - pinion ex.
>ressed that o.. hundred pounds of
luano ap'ied here, will make a
uH 1otton as two hundred pounds
". (1he level lands below. I will nil
tndorse that opinion, but the esti.
ante may not be wide of the mark, I
till mention here for the informsa..
ion of planters, that they generall,
ipply litter fronm the woods with the
iuano, &c."
[Ori gina1.]3
8JJUQ.IAr.Ax blas.., June 6th 1875.
hr. Edstor :
Beiog a native of your Town but
ow an adopted citizen o f M ississippi
then;ht that a few brief remarkis
om0 this qutarter of our 8ta*s would
ut be amiaz, knowing you are always
rilling and anxious to hear from the
roplc of our State ad how they are
>rogressinlg. So being at ,leisure
his afternoon, I will endeavor, in as
rief a manner as possible, -to give
!oij tihe facts, both financially andi
rolitical ly.
As to the farming portiavi of this
mmediate section of our State, the
r.apecta for a good crop are very
Lattering. However these fia tterlog
trospeots may all .be obliterated by
une dr'outh. The wheat and oat
rop is excelleat> what tkrbre is
lanted. Corn is lookring kne2 but i
w sorry to say that there 'Is not
nouSh of 'it planted to orbet -the
resading deniands of the 'fauther tan
ther yfear. Ootton 'is tall the go
tre,'beintg.plntedalmost to the en
ire exolu.ioa oif all other~ crops.
taall-grain -lrdp~s aire don'redly ever
lantgd hmdie to any tent a'lthongh
is a good 'oihtbry 'for Wheat, ty e snd
te- I 'vedtirre to say 'there is
ot dune farmor in Ofty 'tho makos
orn enough t-o roin him for~ wort
eatr, odnsergdntly he is 'ec-tlrely
ependent on his 'fne-oliht and thea
orth-west for'bis 'next year's so p.
lies. 'i'hi. -talways keeps himn ii
ebt, and as he says, foroen 4iwa to
lant cotton mtore largely the mer.
sar In order to get odit of debt.
.nd so'long as ho .pdr.flts in -plant.
g eot,o to the exoltusion -ef ot,her
'ops he tvill forever be in debt and ~
n*eqatlbtly no bdtter off than be
as the year pre'vidaes. !'he lands I
pr, well *vdrked, 'generaN'y puroduce
om 85 to -50 bushels of corn to the
ire and there is always ready sale
pridoes raing from -one dollar to
ue'dollar twent.y-fve cents per bush:.
*.Lands planted In cotton in thie
onoen of the 8t6t.e generally 'pro.
ies te aynt si ha i u..ed pon .
o the aore, whibh in the fall will
bring from 3 to 4 cents per pound
In the seed. You can readily potceive
that the oorn giyas the most profit
besides being more easily oiiltivated
and far less trouble and I 4ot soo
why the farmer - could not relonee
himself far easier by this menls than
he con d by alw'ays planting ootton.
And then by this means be would al.
ways have fat atockiroun- dhi.w
stead of a parcel of bones which suf.
for all thro'uxh the Yqir*o ', ho
thing to eat. A great imany aimers
have tio sympathy for dumb brutes,
and proper cate ,is tu .exe tion.
Work animals a.-e .a bjjualiy 11o1i
for the want of care atd ' peis ly of
food which is notiuadttongey ,
And besid ee this if th,ro Wild loty
of grainii made ther4 Wiuld be no
ucessity for ordering fiom. Nortlru
cribs and thi uonoy wou'ldlio l,I lu
tie Coun,ty; If a 1iuohaut bu.* ti fui.
nish corn to customuis he can-buy it
here, thereby saving a- pe,r qent., ap
well as keeping tihe usQoy, il our
State limita. \o to the foin-Incilil
capollity of our1 Stato. 11 etl' I have
saen itiu a better coidi 'in. It is
almost orushed- to the dust, by oppres.
'4ve ..an%tioll. I tell yoli Mr. Ed.tor,
it is fearful to thlik abouit it., yt,
in the lamtulnge of somle of our'.tart
fitien, "We inust turn our backs on
tihe past, stand on tihe prosobt, antd
look hopefully to time fu'ure.''
Tie cliumato of Nliiipi is very
fite and uniturp-ismed for health. The
furtiliLy of hor soil is beyoud do.
seplti,in, with beatutifui flow"rs and
bubbling b ouks ever3 where. 1) 4i
ious fruits, gig,'o. fret;ras of
valuable Htimber, everythinmg to
please the tust6 amid delight tho eye
is here. - It ol iites of'ore lie buried
boteath her tNi tio .oil. Tia Sitto
hkas attrautious ufolimato,' soii, tmi.
peraturo aiiI miner .1 restouro., usl
:-upassed in the known world, as to
Onl e acmqi:ainted wit.h the ilteo
on denmy. Il iisippmi-hlma agriciitu
ril and mimufacturing audvattisg4a
f.r superior to a great. Jmanly otlIr
over rated states. The . aivantages
we have here over the frontier stute.-,
is that tihe soil i- just as good, more
easily to cultivate, is its a better
.,tatu of improvemetit, with bill, .,)Is
ollurches amid publio -bi.ldin..s iad
above all good society, witiob you 41 &
n-t flnd in a front ier State. I wo iiI I
advise mill who are comting West t,
stop in) .Missideippli all we IjV muj- lihi
greater advantages here t m in they
have on the frontier. We in
et-igration hero frout the 6rth
J.st amid 'Ves4t to the c0tt'". growing
orange, gritin aimd gro i
tions of tihe '-Sun 4 ..Ui." .
extend a cord,i .eluoem and
enerous gr,,,iin, to a11 Who may
.O ill it' .C1g us to ex-titi ie tihe lit
trael..t, we hive tried to dese iqo to
'OU. In addition to all o-her ad.
vant-ages we beo-iet st 'a high- degree
of Umorality, and' a pore-dillmmminance
elf o)tjAstvetive tnd lIw abiding ule
mnent-9 of society with at great desire
for' odmiotimnml udvantogos that you
do .ot i.d in other a-ntejo. We
le.W oipital, rkilled agrioulturi..ts,
good while labor imiproved. systemis
ef culiv.tion, botter control of la
bor, and above a.ll, we need all kinm.s
f tmanur'.iotor je,. We wi,h toRauv.mtse
the immmigmation canI e.
But it is unreasonm eble for us to
oxpeet a tide of itamigration aimonmge't
us umulessi we mianmfest, a wil.ine.,s
to Wedotane anid iOeette ilhem. \\'t,
are not unmwillinig to receive thmem,
but our.people hamve been dept ee, e I
anid deafpondenit Aid lack enermigy mn
the miatter thamt sehould obara.nterize
ani imnxiouis p opioe. ' We sho~uld-aaml
work toge'ther ndi do all wve e mn t
pron.ote the eauwe if imm iligraltiiin, it i,
time only amlv.irion for thlisi boeaut*fmul,
fertile aind gensial clime. It was the
pride the ornamen'tt, tihe admiration
of time world. But m-,w euder .ihe
influencei of tmliuie; radicalia.m, ear
pet-bagis., it lhas beeni degraded
anid downtr.>ddenm by the foil muv.m
der. WYe trust by mroder-stionm, by -
a change oft gomver'imnmt, amud by eon
servatisem a'wd a'- rednmtion otf taxes,
to riue I'lUoix hk.-, ft .mn
our ashes andI buffet the wav'e., of mii s
rule tvit'h 'one hmemid~ -nn.i withI thme othi
or .plant to the bree ze the banner of
pare )enmoorrtray aend the constitutionl
asuitwma-n t'ha days of WVashing-%
ton. Th's can 'be made a -lan.d
of peaceadvd prosperlty, if the itnm4.
grdtion plan 'cao be-earried out pmron
erly I-ndmree whit e men f rom -evei-y
State'toiiome~ here ammd settleo amnorg
uO and'onitivate is fertile, iempmov..
od la4nd,that Is now only. in a p-artial
die aure it well cumltivate'd.- -it would
p r'od'ttbI mnore te tiIh 'bore 'than .yotur
beut mand beasted 'J'za hrnd.
'I find I am enauoaoihing upon -your
spmwe and will 'doe with but onme
rm'ore mention sof thme 'ead'idate-of onrt
Starte. Our Ilgislatori a reo prinioi' a
pally nlegraibs amnd thd'ir infer'iors the
Datmpe-baggd~(ra, Who do -pretty -much
en thdiy.pk'i,se. 'Our Governmor.is the
Non-tin law of the Nartiona-l -Spoon
rhidt and imported. trotns Nleassachu
ette. Our~ midaft eovernor rn -a mu
itto bamiber' frotxlTen36see *ho is the .
>est Itiamn -of thew'mo defd more highly
stueeed than AdelptateAnes.
__T. R. WOte itSON,
- trial Justtee.
O Att business es ntru,led to his wil
rSeleve promuapt attenit Ion.
Nr~ O.6 NtTh E, OLNA

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