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The Fairfield herald. [volume] (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, July 19, 1876, Image 1

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F AI II F I l, lIII E 1111,10
IN rUn .ts1n5 EiK:r.KY )t '
9V I 1L I . I1 S & D A 1 1 S.
7 -runs. -The i/.: .'4 A I)is paublishe(1 We k
. in the Town ol' Wiun.bo.ro, at. $3.00
t.. aria'@l in adva"nce.
t~jir All1 t ro in itIl n i1 erti acInenUt t Io be
1 -11/> IN A1 l'.t NCAR.
() it.e;m(ry Noiicos uil ''ribites $1.00
l'er , un ire.
The Troubles in Humburg.
Wu henl we wrote the article onl the
troubles in I-Iaminburg which appeair
(Sd in the f'h ron irc, unv d &rien'inel
moldy 111olning, we hadu4 not heard
Of the flate of the pris.m1 ers, or we
rlhouild have condenmed 'n Uitting
lhniise their erTlel aid tunniecessar"y
muItrder There is soi(e excuse to
ibe m::ade for those who, ili hot
blood and in the mi1st of battle(,
shot down the 111n who head killed
t heir ec(;mrade. But that com -
.rade's dea:tih had been amply
mnd bloodily alvenged. There
is 11( extelnatlon of the buIltchlry
of ltnrllm ed an))d helpless captives.
In real war siidch ia deed would re
celiv"e the excration of all civilize:1
na1ut13i31ms. low uimie'i more should it
he( rep)iOha:t.eul whenu 113) state of war
sexists ; when ita fight between two
ra1s( 1har; been p1ecipitated ; anid
wh sent tie victors have gained all for
which thoy fought. 'Thile lature of
d((ds ch .iuges with the circu !
-t:ces wvien inspire thema, and that
wthich is justiliale in one instanice I
is wholly lij (1s1ti 111)10 in another.
'there w's nothing to wa1rrltnt the
kiliing of the four pi isoner1s. Ga~n
era l utler. who had been1 recognized
1-14 the (olulalnder of the wiiites,
had not ordered or anthorized the
ki hilg. On the contrary, he had,
w' ar'c informed, given inistruetionis
thpt ltey should he taken to Aikenli
tndpl:ned: inl jail. If his orders had I
beena obeyed the comumnt tllity would
have been. (I1) spalr(d this shaneful
tragedly anld the slayers have been
satLyd 1110 com3inissioll of a terrible
etn1e. It. mily be said that this
ii ili;t co1p:iy in .1-am11 burg iml
periled the peace( of the co1uty1,
hiat, its exis Ilene wis fraught wi tht
dlnger to the lives and property of
the whites, and that it. was absolute
ly 11(cssary it. shouild be disarmed
a~nd diSband1(ed1. Akdmit, ing the full
force of this re-isonnig, the killing is
not defemtnihle. The compainy had(
been attacked, d lmorativzed andl dis
pit sel. Malny of the gulns had ben
c.apturd and many of its members
t1a l ui iponers. Two of them had
1(e1 111tl (1a11(1 one of the lieuitceni
anlts mortally Woullded. Was not,
this enough141 ? Wihalt more was to
be 1ccoml)ishe-1 by killing frighten
(1.1 anid (efensIless captiVes l The
kniowledge that some of those killed
were not, even 11embers of the com
panl1y deepes1 the d1arkness of the
picturie.--.I nyiusta Uh/iron iclc and
Wa;.n'r Otu ':1:sunarsa WERE
Wowrru.--W\'ashington left nn estate
v.dliued alt over' $800,001); .John Adamlls
dlied mnoderattely well on, leaving
abthi 1.75,000; JffersHon died so
poor1 that if Congress 1had1 not pur
chased hi s library at $22,000 lae
woul11d hiave been) aI pauper1 : Maidison
wa rua, adleft aboul~t $150,000;
More died so p)oor that lie was1
JIohn Qutincy Adam~is left about
$55,000) ; Ja1cksoni (ied worth about1.
$80.000 : Vatn Buren21 left some
84-00,0')0. It is said he( did not draw
his salary while in (11licC, hst at the
exirai mo of is termii of Fervice
dre(w ihe whole1( $100,000 :Polk left
anl estate valued att $1 50,090 ; Tay
lor had1( saved somiethinug from11 his
worth $150,001) ; TJyler maried~i( a
laidy oIf weatlth : Filbnore was al
ways frugal, and3( aidded to his savinigsI
by mlarryinag a lady of wealth, and
wals worth about11 $200,000) ; Pierce's
esltat.e was11 vahted at $50,000; Buch.
1anan1 left $200),030 ; inei(:>ln atbot
8$75,000 :anud ,Johni son $50,000.
G(:N;:n.u. Bu-run is C o:aaitaa.-T.hec
be(ingJ the leatder of a 11101, and1(
or(~ jury have Iiuned out, as the sen -
'.ible1 part of thmecommiiunity believed
liihey woul, to be a Iissue of infa
1130s lies. Thalt genitlemnan arrived
in Chnnba ht evnin, and will in
due time lay at statceent oif the af
1air, so1 fair a1s 1he knows anything
about it, biefore the plel. No
body who knows Genuerali Butler
gav~e alny creldece to the statecments
fr om the firusi and1( we are only too(
flad to be able1( to state that those
who wansited to) believe the lies won't
he gvraitiied after his statement ap
pears. H-e denounces the article ini
the A'en's and !our~ier of yesterdaiy
as entirely false.-Co/iim/sa Regias.
T wo ~nnis belowing to the Span
i sh Armatida, which had been unider
w ater for two hundred and1( twenty
('1ght years, have been recovered,.
off the Scotch coast, by31 aI diig
f Man may learn wisdlom from a
* polstaige-stamnp. It sticks to its
legitimiate businessP5. Letters profit
by it.
The President Responsible.
In an editorial upon the recent dis
aster to the United States troops in
M1h Sioux country the Now York
//erald says :
"The deplorable truth is that Presi
dent Grant is chiefly responsible for
the appalling miscarriages which
have attended this disastrous cam
paig n against the Sioux. The prop
r clmanldor of this expedition was
General Custer, unless General
Sheridan chose to go in person to
the scone of hostility. Custer, next
to Shierid mI, was the ablest ,Indian
fighter in the army, and his superior
iitneos was recognized in the origi
n l intention to put him in comii-nd.
After it had becn decidIel, on
grounds of merit, to put him in
charge he was subponaed to Wash.
ington, against his will, to testify
against elknap. Like a man of
honor lie swore to the truth, and
immediately thereafter President
Girant, ini a fit of petuilaince, degrad
ed him from his eomaniind, and we
behol3 the result in the most disal
trous and inglorious Campiaigi. ever
of gnized against the Indians.
(ran Is parasites will do their ut
most to exculp ite him, but the
cv-muitrv will not overlook the fact
t'iat the soldier who had been so
le:-ted on groinds of pre-oiinont
fitness was ling out to gratify a
p)ersonal pique of the President."
Tux HIoo Bouxui:.-The above is
I lie mane of it simple device invented
by the cattle yard men at West
Albany, N. Y., to induce hogs to
niove from the ears in which they
ire tranisported1 into the yard. Pigs,
is a rule, are not of accommodating
Iispositions ; and when it comes to
revailing upon a car lo:1l of them
1'o move along upon t iarow gang
way, the first oles that start upon
[he phenk are apt to decline to pro.
:-eed farther, fimd so block the
"rl ess of the rest. This l(ceRsi
tates an astonishing amount of pa
Lmnce and beating, besides unlimit
al strong language, and of course
ftellns delays a cattle train for some
ime. The new invention for per
mUaiding the: animi d to p.ins on is the
hog b)-mncer, im eLe by bringing
me en-l of the gangway plank to a
irin support : then under the other
ind, two double car springs aire
phiend. A powerful lever and a
spring catch coimplete the device.
Before the ear door is opened, the
)latforml is orr ied down so as to
ompress the springs by the lever,
in 1 the catch is hooked. The hogs
u.e then allowed to pass along the
platform, a-lt 1, so long as they move
thong properly, the plhnk is undis
burbed ; btt as soon as a crowd con
Lregat.es and vociferously objects to
uing futhier, the c'atch is sjriung.
Dim end of the platform flies about
three feet upward, and the result is
i shower of living porkers, shot over
hie heads and upon the soft bodies
7f the drove. They ire seldom in
jred, but vastly astonished ; and it
i needless to add that the blockade
is at once dispelled.-Scienti/ice
.- imi ricaer
WONDEii oF SLEEP.-It is related
that a man10 fell asleepi as the clock
tolled the first stroke of twelve. He
nyakened ore the echio of the twelfth
troke had died away, havwing ini the
mnterval dreamned thait lie commiutted
b crime1, wats detected after five
ye ut-, tried aitd condt zned ; the
41hock of finding the halter about
his neck aroused himii to consiS~oust
ness. when he discovered that all
these events had hl"pp)ened in an in-.
finitesimual fragnwint of time. Mo
hamme~nd, wishinig to ilhista a[.e the
wonders of nleep), told how at certaiin
mantl, being a sheik, found himelf,
for hjis pride', made(1 a por fishierman ;
t-hat he lived as one for sixty years,
b~ringing upl a famiily and working
haird ; and1 how, upon wvaking from
his long dream, no short a time had
lie bieen asleep thant the narrow
niecked gourd bottle filled with
water, which lie knew lie overturned
as he fell aisleep, had not time to
H{er first study seemis tot be the
bec*oming ; her second, the good :
her third, the fashionable ; which, if
be bioth gooad and becoming, it al
ways is or may be. You see thin
lady tuinlg aL cld (eyO to the as
suranlces of shopmuen anld the recomn
miendalItionsH of milliners. She cares
not how new or origvinal a pattern
may b)e, if it he ugly ;or how recenit a
shape, if it 1)0 atwkward. Not that
her costumoe in alway new ; on the
contrary, she wvears niany a cheap11
drens, butit inalwaysplretty, anldmany
an old1 one, but it in aliways good.
Shoe (1eal1 in no0 gand~y 'onfitt~on of
colors, 11or (toes tihe affect a stuiedU~
primness of sobriety ; buit~ o either
ref reshies you with a spirited con-'
trast, or compioses you with a judi-d
cious8 harmony. After all, there is
no great art either in her fashions
or her materials. Ths scret simp11ly
consists in her knowing the three
grand uin ities--hr own staitioni, her
own age, and1 her own p)oints$ I And
no woman ean dress well who (loon
niot. After this, we need not Ray)
that wvhoever in attracted b~y the cos
tumile will not lbe disappointed in the
wearer. She maiiy not be0 hanidsomei
nor accomnplishied, but we will an
swer for her being even temp~ered,
well informed, thoroughly sensible,
and( ai enmlninet lndy.
His Estimate of the Strength of the
Ticket--What lie Thinks About South
A New York Iferald reporter in
torviowed Governor 'ilden on Fri
d ty lust. In i eply to an inquiry
a1s to his view on the Democratic
chances of victory, the Governor
"It seens to 1me that not only the
large Liberal vote will be ours, but
It very respectable 1te1)ubiliciLn vote.
There is no denying it that a great
nuiimber of professed Republicans,
particularly among the poorer class
e5, which quitO naturally loan t)
wards our party, are thoro ugh!y
sickened with the continued mis ue,
extravagance and corruption of the
Washington authorities. In this
State we will he able to get one
third of the Republican farmer vote,
one-third of thus Germ t lopu)lican
vote-art least one-tird of that
over the whole -country-with a
large 11jority of the mercantile and
commercial vote of the State."
"Well, sir, whiat do you think of
the party's chances in the West ?
Will you be ab)le to carry IndilalLa I"
""I certainly think we will."
"Are you arcquainiited, Governor,
with your associate on the ticket,
Mr, Hendricks ?"
"Oh yes, passably well. I regard
him at very able, lplrigtli, (stimabLl)le
"Haippy in the assOciat.io.n," I re
mnarkced. "1I4 (here another West
ern St-lte the Deic-rats can
(11y ?"
"1e4. I'm incline-1 to hope that
we will carry Michigan-ptro:ibly
Wisconsin. too."
".'outh Carolina andt Liouisiana of
the Southern States will probably
go the other way. The rest your
part~y clatim, I belive ?
"Louisiana is ours. South C.aro
lina m1:1y be doubtful, but the rule
of miisiinainagemnent and cor option
is not so strolg there as it w.1s
(m11te recently. Of the Western
States you mnention, may advices in
dicate we enn carry two, if not three.
There seens to be an elort to create
1111 impresiiol thit:. I have agents ill
every little school (istriet ill the
State and hindreds scattered
therou..h out the Coni try. Suchi is
not t.he case. Friends whom I have
not seen and may never see have
kindly writ ten me, and I should be
ungrateful if not thankful for the
interest they n11alifest."
Sewing Machines.
Th'le New York //eraWd prin11ts anl
''eNeYoklrad1rtisalarticle on the extortions to which
poor sewing women are sbiljectcd at
the handts of sewing IlmaLchine couin
panies. It is ia fact pretty generally
known that the p1 ohits o1 these
miachiines, whmich ar1e no1w to be0
found in almost every hoisehold,
ire so:netimes C11oro1lns. At the
present. time $65 is charged for a
piece of mlec00hnisml1 whicb costs less
than $15. There is a firm on
B~roadlway, New Yorkc, which deals
in soin g machihe needer, attach
ments. parts, and "lindings" general
iy. They pub11lishi a pr'ice list (of the
difl'er'ent pieces that enter into a
mineiii, and1( from that plaper' it is
shown tha~t at comple)1(te set bof east -
ings for the miost p)oplarhli machinme
ini the market, and1( which sells for
$65, cain be boughit, perfectly tin
ished, ready to punt together, for the
sum1 (of $111.50). It is also alleged
that the sowVing machine compan~liis
in the Uited States export their
macL(hines0 to Eniglaind whe re they
sell thiem fomr less than one hialf the
priceO chiar~ged hiee thus151 discrimi
nain agist their own country
men01. For instance, at so-cl-led
"cominilation" imaebinue, whiih costs
hiere $80, is sold in England for'
?(6 10x., o: about $32. Th'le Howe
look stitch, whlichi here selhi- for
$60, can there he0 obtained for $22.
Singer's family machine, which here
costs $6(0, is sold oni theo other side
for $32. It is suggested that this
system of extortioni works injury
not only to p~urchaiseris bult to the
machine clompanf~lies who are runinlg
witin onO- half of their capacity.
wvbile their goods are lying unsold
im wtarehiouses, and1( their profts
have v~imishied into thin air, shnply
bec'ause under01 tihe preCsent systemn
it costs mnore to sell a machine thain
it does0 to maitke it. It is asserted1
t hast fully' fifty per cent. of the( retail
price (of the article is spent in find(
ing a market for it. It is ablout
~iume the' manuiifacturers camne down
to hiard-pan and reduCedl their
pr1ies. T'he mairket is already
overstocked, and sooner or later
they imist be forced either to reduce
prices or shut up shop.
After the Ox ford authorities had
tried many adhlemei inl vaiti to obtaitt
orderly behavior 011 tile par~t of the
un idergrad uates 01n cornmmemnorati on
day, they. hiitupoun the plan of .ad
milttinlg no0 stuidenit to the hall utnless~
accomipaniiedf by a girl or a wvoman,
For the first time in years, thmer6 wau
good~ orde~r (luring the exercises.
Trhe finest gift b~roughit home from
India by tihe Prince of WVales is a
golden boat, more than a foot long
anid wonider'fully enamelled Tihe
stern represents tile head, wings and
tail of a peacock, the histrouws breast
of the b)ird1 being carv'el into tile
bodv of the hoat with m~ueat skll
She Thonght Bhd Know,
Fron the Delaware County Americon.
The passengers in the sleeping
conch wore just dozing off when
something howled out
-'0w-wow-wow !"
"(reat dragons, there's a young
one aboard !" growled a fat man
from his upper berth." "I'll het, a
hundred dollars none of us can get a
wink of e1001) to-night.
"Wow--wow !" whined the child,
"There he goes again !" growled
the fat man. "I never travel but
what I run across some; one's oifl'
Who's that talking ?" called the
mother of the child in a loud Voice.
"Me !" answered the fat mans.
"'Why didn't you either leave that
child at home or stay at home your
self ?"
"Are you tlking to inc ?" de
manded the woman.
"Yes, 1111 a, I ,am) ! I say it''s a
shiamc to bring a sick child into a
sleeing-car to disturb twenty or
thirty people."
"Aro you a father ?" she asked.
"No, I hain't."
"Nor at mother ?" she continued.
"No, maamu."
"Well, 'sir," she said, as5 she poked
her head out between the curtains,
"when you've been the miiother of
eleven children, moved forty-eight
times, lived in nine diftrent States,
an(d wol*i on1e corset right allolng
for seventeen years, you'll begini to
think you know y'oir busiliess1 . I
think I know mi110; an(1 if this bahvl
wants to howl he's going to do it.
if I have to eoiiie over there aud
kick a ton and1( a half of conceit out.
If Yo."
The South Carolina Crops.
The comm11ittee of the Clarlestou
Exchange on information and statis
ties submiit the folluwing report for
the mlontli of June, co idense.d from
the replies of eigllt.y-sovel c.rre
spondents in twenty -eight comities
of this State:
'I'he weather from the 1st to the
11th was generally favorable ; from
the 11th to the 181h and 20th there
wats continuous and heavy rinl, ex
cept in at few eastean counties.
'1'he rainfall in seven davs ait
Charleston reached 12.97 imwhes.
From the 20th to the 30th it has
)e(11 very hot and dry.
Compared with the same month
last, year, 50' report the weather as
less favorable for cotton, 11 the
same as last year and 21 more fa
vorable. Three report an increase
of acreage since June 1 ; 41 no
ebange, And 31 it lecrease, from cot
tomi in bottom lands and hill sides
being wathed ont and replantdC in
The stands are genterally good,
except where injured by washing.
The plant isforning well, with few
exceptions. but in the upper half of
the State there are no blooms vet,
and in the lower half only a few on ear
ly cotton. The plan t is generally small
and clean, except where wet weather
has prevented work and caused grass
to grow.
The crop is from ton to fourteen
days later thaln last yeair at thme same
time, and not ats good. Tfhe dry
weaither, upn to Junie 11, en11ble.1 the
planters to keep tihe fields well
worked1 and1 cleani, and tihe lanlft,
thiough small, wasN hiealthy ;11ubse
qluently' tihe very heavy rains for ten
days, followed by extremely h1ot and
dry weoathler, hats eaulsed the leaves
to Iturn yellow, and shled, and lie
appeaOlred in four coun1ties.
Thec coin crop on) the up1lanlds is
genierally reported good thrioughout,
tile State. On1 tih)ottoml lands1, ill
tihe mfiddle and and( 1 upper porWtiousm
of the State, it wats destroyed bmy
hleavy' floods, andit is being rep~lanitedl
whiere p~ossible.
The whea~it crop was generally
good, butt owing to the p~revalenc~e of
rust tile yield will be light, and
much(11 (111g1 has~ b11$ een (1011 by
uproutinmg where exposed to the wet
Thell Oat crop) is the largest and
best maldelinl many1) years2.
Thme onmibuls drivers of Liverpool,
whol are 01n11 st~rike, have takenl a en
riouis waly to bo)(ther emplo~h~iers who
haive hired non11-uiionl men. Te
have takenm out summons aginst the
new drivers for vi')intinmg thed old
Mt4Lamutes of Chmarles 1 and1( IT, which
forbid work oni SundIay.
Captain Randolph1 A. Shnotweli
lhas been1 nomlina~tedl by thc D)emo
ICeratic! Convention (If Me ocklenbu rg
couty td i~reacht that coftaty in)
the lower bran ch of the North
Carolina Legislature. Capt. Shot
well was in)carcerated for several
ydrtis inl fill Albany pen~itenltiary
for khlli'ittg. After reciving a
pardon 11e locatted iln Charlotte, anid
has been1 for a year or more asso0
eiated with Gen1. D; JI. Hill inl tile
editorial managecmnt of the X'outh
een Henne. e will mallke nal
and faithful membfiler of the L~egisltl
ture of is State.
A North Carolina negro thought
he could outrun a locomotive thme
other clay on the Air Line road, and
when he picked himflself up, tfter
being thirowin t wenty feet and land
ing on1 his hlead, he said :"Yer
ono't ketch dis yer' chile doin' dtat
aglin, It's a right smart wonder I
didn't tear doe britchban clonami "E
Success Of The Centennial.
11. s11oW.
The great internniatiodmal exhibition
grows steadily in publie favor, (1rw
ing its daily average of 33.000 visi -
tors, every one of whom , ret urning
hmile, is nll effTetull advertisement.
of its marvels and its imnll(1sity,
1and serves to swell the averages (,f
the future. The receip)ts long since
far exceeded the running expenses,
and have been( neceunlating profits,
and it is now No evident that the
fall iitItiH are going to be the mtost
)prospIerous, that the m-millagers are
Warratnted inl expeeting to Cover the
whole outlay, if not to find a little
balance on the credit side. It is
probable that there will be ia hu
dred thousand visitors Ia day, per
hap 11more. from 'eptmmber 15t.h
on; for, all over the c(ointry. people.
who have heard that. Philadelphia is
like an oven in the slume:, aire
waiting for the cooler anutnm days.
Any of our readers who will tike
the suffrageH of his friends who are
going to the Centennial will see
that there is no reason in the esti.
The exhibition will liold1 this v at,
multitud~e w ithout a1ny dilli mtit y.
Leaving oulit of neemmIit all thIle
sma1ller building s-th : rest..mnrants .
titale h unses, hauzar~is, &e---th('re
ar1e Sixty neres ulnder roof, besides
all the pawrk, atnd there will be no
crowd~ except in the narr-ow\ ("or'
iitlors nd1 room11s Of the art. galleiries
111(1 they are crowltdtd when the
thousands 'within the gates canl he
numlbered on the linge! s. A con.
cert, or sonie such (Xcep1t i;'ial ail.
traction, might. (if e,mrse thIron.g t he
quarter where it is given. as the
desnir to Nee the pro Uessio n. With
Dom Pedlro and Gaen. Grnot in if.
maitde crtshies O11 the opelniit' (tay,
but at good mlanly tbhons.mllds c"an
cir'ulate ill 011( of those illieise
buildings, and still leave it lonesome:
and roomly. And Piiladelphti' (inl
easily entertain till of telm'i, tIr
twice or three times is 11mu1v, if
need be. 'Thre probably Ierc a
were so abundant facilities provided
for feeding a1nd1 lodging Ihe trani>"
ient, public, in this or Idy cohuntrv.
The city is anlt enormious c(aravtaniS "s
ri. whose (sources art; in cxhi tsti
11(1 by the extremest t'ieitinumls. A
visitattion that wVould p)aralyzeo New
York will not, elnbarrass Philadel -
phia in the least. There are t.rist
worth.y agencies that have run:n.iers
on board the trains, 1lhe ne wspaspiers
are full of advertisieet.s, tll tihe
churches exert themselves in ani
tlnuxaLpll(d vay to take (are of (1hie
bretihrent, and on(le callo.t neW('o-t (til
of the kin dly tradesleun in vain on thei
Subject of rooms and bo1 'T'hese
can be had at the im'ost re.sons:ole
rates; moreover, it. neel not (o8t. the
visitor i (cint lin(re to live inl Phila..
delphia th:.ui it dlocs at his homie for
the sam11e style of living. This has
been true aill over the city ev('r since
the experience of the first few d(ays
conlviniced theI eatterers tIhat all 1.heo
world wasn't. coinrg at on ce, an .1.
bestides. masde them realize hocw ex
tensive' the 'omipetitioni Cfor pait ron,.
ige wasi to be'-for P~thiadelphli:mis
themnsel ves were hardly cons~ciouis
at firstt of their uadvant iges in thiss
Thle corr'esponlden ts are d1is-cutssmlig
the quiestionl, whtethier tot sojournl
near the groutid I 5Ir itr the city s
centre. Th'Iat dlepe'nds. The aidvim
tages (If naeiglhorhood are ob vious.
There i8 1no good en(tertainmeni(it to
be hadl lif e4xpenlively or' as8 (hly~)
as* do(wn) towni, andic thien, youI are4
thire, without any tediotus rideR in
htorse or ttenam eanr. lnt to mainy
peopile the imptjrovisedl w'ooden vil
huge oIf 85aloons1, atd( the dlanger (of
fire among thieni, hinkihe a worrimaent
and1( the absieen oIf aniythinitg pleis.
ant in the long snmmer~~ti ovenlings
aifter the grfiounds are closed, is an1
0' jet ion. In the city, there is a
Vasit deal thi:t, thes visit-or wanits
to see, te plancs (If hlistoii
ilnterest, 518 Independenlet05 IHall am1d
the collection Col. Ett.ing hus madi~e
oIf an tique1 treasuresr : thle academtIy
oIf fine airts, wvith itss in t~estinig oa
the aVndemly (If niatural sCienees. wiith
its rieb ('olletions: (lie th eat es and
othier finle places oIf (en1tertabanen 1(11t.
Thei( hoirse-car sytem (If Philat de
phIiai is perifect, tie steiiin ratiI loads
are very siecornnicdaitnag, itlml the
(cntre's advanitages as8 ai ple oIf
dlepatutre are miarked.
TIhe Sund-iv-opening <pliention~ 1has
been finally decided by) th.e(nis-i
Hioners ini the lnegaut iV(v iy deisive
vote (of 30h to fi. Thhe work~ingmn,~i
ini whose1( beOhalf, ostenily, the1( plea
hias besen trfged1, seem11 toI be gett~ing
and1( improving chanctl(es toI visit thle
exhiblition, withiout witing for t-unu
(lay. A large plroportiot, of the
visitorsf ar1e' mfechaisn dts fnrarmm81
theo latter mostly fromi the huindtred
there are also represenCltativoH from
Newv England, W~ester'n New York,
and the WVeut. Nothing coutld beo
beOtter for the farmer and the farm
or"; wife than~ a visit to this wonder
fail shiow. It would enlarge their
narrow horizon beyond their wvildest
concep01tion. We read oIf emnployers,
here and there, aiding their handri to
MOO the exhibition. Tihe most nota
bln im~anncn wae that ofer ing,~.,
chatlet(red six tra~ins 110(1 tooxk :1l
i3uilhl~o firm lhat given every man it
their crnl)hWy at two W'''c' furlough
coilf.iiiuimig tlheiri pity right alonlg
Coiieerns' it i lelJ)1il1. (; aine.,
'l'i'eit 011 and othier .eau~' ~laLces, have~*
givn inle holiday.(ils cesv
~vents-andti tt. it; hel-ter than no
I thiner
Theii visitors, of 'lihfL'eer claHss
Ilrt' tilt Ut) le there with it (14.3illit(
oxityl, te siglit.-seeimli 1ii1)UIRUt
tomtit1t its:' thoal(41i ;(I pole "do'
the CXhiiitio l 11 thoy "'(1" thii
.Ltiioieati to0111, withiout any1 real
xpoi~ei ti of thaeI'txfint o1't'i'tlnianes
linte eir ingo''theria visk-itor!'
of I flIil)~t ('-04 '11work, t'liildi'eii. too,
fr'ont 111 to 17, umore or lexx imtelli
g~ently busHy in uitinf tilt g~re'at (is
1414y of i11(1titr' alit art. its at Ii
lli4.. . It ins it x'llool ;the 111081
Intagrliti('eII, a.1Ucl j)litktb1 sehlool o)
(ii ijix'l I (.;teliiugt fltat sust h)e ened1
on41 this coni~iilllit., 0or thlat is likely tt;
I a', ini our life -tume, at, leasit.
Four~th of' July Oratory.
A 'iuul 111) 1 o fit),go, at rert4im
Iawl V4r waxs in v'i Le11 to delivr 11
Ii'4tii'f.li1 ((f .Jtd ( PI I iou illl x1 (i
ori Ii, IV, 111141 hiavinig niewel! deli ver~ed
4i1111 1)41 I h1in1 iii X i m to dtlinll
gutilih liiuxt'll. he ('OiliieiI(e it week'l
4(41 tt Ii I. 11iiltllSI'l 1'441 (lit' task. Ile
i.1 if. it tit:112I (I xlS ailti) II) hu 1 'e:l it
xl Heel i. idii isn't t.h. e mll wial
\woiiitd I 410:1k (14 ivli divri g (1 I~ 4me.'
1114)2 thug., an11d he Wo4 lll 11 tve Jit. thie
:41 41e. J';vermyflii 1411 Od~tt (411' all
hItli11 It ([1/Ill t~4)d( lti s at. tvr:miauy,
111M I iull) V, 111141 ied't high taatfion~
11111 I' ' imtl f114' ic l(we. I re j)iutiet
lute fy. pat Iltl as Ihl I' lu l ilit tl
s J)uI1 dklet1 sai1 f etl I'S (411 f Ile 10l01o'
4 ii 'I ito III-ifl iit Ig J4i lgiiat .1at hers.
l111t. flc. siuoimud 1hi4rnu~?~illt nwigrht
1.11havx '1'lu1(," ha sNe,tiic:(d hie:
(41 j((t. 1,1141 W('I' .1 Iiere al u'11(l (if
1i tl 1 11ll1~lgit1'u"' 1t1111 00 to go)
l'r(04 11, at. 1 ' 4 lid ii; it it 144it11 heapi
'1'hl wti Ir fttie ofn (\'itlilono
(hadt )I ~'r thevn is Ii ed (ol ol il
VI 4111 )lndf'lce 1 g;1llulx a1( d mtel oiier
jlt 10. ("l' fher---i l' it fa'eighit.
1.1115. 1)t-It, 4ua lie lndiol 11:11 qtiif. I I g
(t'eiiL t114 ltri lli' nexwt il)iling
"'x gotn .1.a I it rit' it.11 fiui ii o
LI ene (isill' wlled ito LIII iW a
le a ye xcii ll tay' g'e iiroiiuid
tdir.bo and he1:1 ihfiua tod (lid Ile
wenl~ k t all hour !attar net il steal
1'111 lucit u' then!, oith \)ri4V4 he
as utti~ oft' ait I nil ifi ohrs;wn
South Caroliuna News.
.Judgo Nor throp has' rented a
e(sidence aid has decided to mtake
SpartanTurg tho h1omie of himself
anld fanilly for some time to Coie.
Dr. A. J. B1ethea killed a rattle
ujsake recently near the plantation
of Mlr. P. W. Bethet, in Marion,
measuring five feet, live inches-r in
1(mgtll, with twelve rattles and a
but ton.
A dwelling and a kitchen on the
plan1tation of Dr. T1'urnipseed, in
1iiebland connty, were destroyed by
fire on the 14th inst. Tho tire in
slupIpoRed to have been accidental.
The Wilmington, Cotlnbia and
Aug;usta Railroad htas promnptly re
dulceld the wages of t.hose hands in
its employment, aIt Marion, who
voted till additional tax of 14 mills
oin it, at the township meeting on
the 24th of June.
V. P. Flemming, odias Fortune,
the maun who recently committed
extensive forgeries on different
b hanks in Charleston, was arrested in
Henderson, North Carolina. He
afterwards gave bond for appearainco
and at once decamped for parts
Whippecr amti Moses have both
qujali iet befor the chief justiec
of the stipreme court, and both have
gone to Wa1ltshington. This latter
step i$ dotbitlOs for the purpoo of
ascert ainling to what extent, if any,
they will be btcked by United Stattes
1Iyonets in their inten led attemiipt
to tiake their seats on the bench.
It. v's rumored in (harleston last,
Veek that (Giovernor (hamtiberlajin
hi:il iade it relisitionll upnl the wir
ltmit.Illent. for t.hte coplinilies of
lit oops--oie for Elgelield, one for
Aiken Intd <me for Laurens. 'T'ho
(olumbia /Iyin/e gayr says tImre is no
truth in the report.
11. 1t. Elliott, elairntitti of the Re
pubtlliean party of South Carolina,
ha11s issued ia uihl for a covetittoiin of
"rlpresentat.ive men1" of the colored
race to take intto eunsiderati onl what
he ('alls 1he "tinprovitolod(I oultlrages
upon Our colored brethren through.
out the State., antd lie miany da'tungetr
fihat th1reae'n 11 oil ntu0colii of our
devotiton Ito lRpubtmlican principles."
The meeting is to take place at
Cunhuia, on T'uesdayt, the 20th inst.
'The white mIiser('vtant, Lewis SMhili
!)r, wogtit witl oiter lead illg Rahdical
% wi ai nly illstritctteitl in procipli
Lat ii he U inLapy ottigl, i Ham
imrg;, returned ito IItht place on
S'ul'thslay last, with clothes all rent,
and torn ft nn his batck. I it says
thie tg did the t-arin g, but it i1
altogethr likely it. wtl only ,imt ino
noent briari aditlt r swamp thorns,
fl 1i 1tilt iied into aveng'eing houdH.
IA o 1114)ll irsd ving1~ie tasi., Ii
il ,Marg et. tea la , the wif of ir.
(oml-liuls heanlan, went, down to
A tlaht(ie wharf, Car'u lston, with her
hI.ree children, for the purpose of
get ting,) s ioe Itt fretshi air. A flor
remlining umtil <ite lat.n gho rttei
101( go home,( hJeri fromiderc bien ie,
witlf aware, near( alkt, 1ay.) tne
of her, little blys WtHundrryabou
Pihekale hi.npng, athcil anI
swered111, and ntO looking b ash
sti arty of Ime. utIngl e(o'llo a,
shr ittae shotuloked around11j
-14 )ami'ied Jrafomher sie.t to,
walt ~e, herche wao doroned,0 a
ored1 maniv publishei the ofan.
says: "Bewlieing the pblcnpabr
etn parity Itoibe u')IVli(tierly , conlup
andIkowin the c1tltofplee incp
fil1l oieni10 an to frther 1)(o14 fr s Iu
Aaeth caudse of110 goode tgeoter
withdrawal from0( the oRepuabicanepar
roughk(d th 11anel $01of the Conserg
vatiptyg 11an od govert i n in
hf ateained.nt I~~ here ple myel
Anftuo a ctoo inadnerat ai~ hat
fAa landy sch'oro peke the otrihr
evening ushd wth wld orid1ent
butlinnediately pulled upti~r an
eI~ ttr shols' mihtt ak knoite
tmeaig, h' wold sahl~y tha iyt wasOa
synoam fggin oo Thei m)mbrrs
ofth inanty cass lwrk fv'edt
to tia cllCon mado( ai)pti ta cht
faa ladyOill ofoer the platetlto a ric
nman who wa ell onow or h ia
Jsringin. "in haenoing/'e wa
gItamt woin fporr t eveoor," e
Vioala ent eani aly intr ful
fahil poing frthepy.het

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