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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, August 09, 1876, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026923/1876-08-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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F AI I RP I It 11 D IlI l1 1 )11
SY I L. I. I A M1 . & D A V 1 S.
7.rms.--The 18l1 .. lI,) i pualished Wet k
y in the Towi of Winnsboro, ut, $3.00
P.Jariably in cdvance.
Arld- All ea-Ieitt nil ve brtseents to be
Jil'1.1 /) IN A3 .-D V.- NC N.
O liontry Notiuus uad Tributes $1.01
per : quire.
'Oh ! nInny it alaaf mitt.r nuldoti senit,
Finas nmurk I4ae nrcher little inenlnt:a
And uty a word at random ispokena,
May soohte or wound a heart that's broken"
Mr. D. R. Feaster is aggrieved
and charges that I made an "un,
kind and unwarrantable attack"
11pon "pudding-heads" in a recent
article signed "Loyal Rob." There
is notlng in that communiention
which canl be intorpretecl as an "at
tack" upon anybody, and the as
s5umption that I intended the obnox
ious epithet to apply to hima, is as
gratuitous upon his part, as his
charge of unkindness is untrue-for
he knows that I esteem himt person.
ally, and would be far from perpe
trating an imkindness upon him.
He should have studied the article
more closely, and have inquired for
its author before he put on the
Nor would I even now diagnose
the malady which I was fearful had
possessed hin, ats "judding- h(,a1
ism :" it seniel to be a far more
dangerous disease. When I saw
him sever his conneetion with us,
and announ 11c111ee publicly that his seat
in the County Convention had been
vacated because we had placed our -
selves in hai may with the State,
an(haaid complied with the wishes of
the gJ'eentive (omuittee, by adopt
ing the const.itu tion reconunended,
and assign as ia reason that it con
fieted with his personal relations
towards, and his intention of voting
for, m llbers of the Rtadical party,
I said in nmy heart, "Here is another
iodlerate e- eiubli'can,' " but when
lie auiioiun ed in a loud voice that
he did not intend to vote for Tilden
1)eeualse he "lhad sent money to Ohio
to defeat old Bill Allen," I said out.
of my mouth, "If thesw are the
Demnocraits that are being enrolled,
the sooner we s1.op operations the
It is dlue to Mr. ]"eister to say
that, his course in returning to duty
atd to his place in Lthe Club, has en
tirely elanged mlly opilliol of his
acts, and I heartily rejoice at his re
turin and at the thorough endorse
ment which he gave to the Eigh th Ar
tiele, and1( to TIiI(den, by his active
oplerationas, andio sprighitly speeches,
as5 well as5 by' alliowinig his~ nameI to
be placd in coampetitioin withi otheris
for the honors of the bhdy, and whicha
prVoved to e~very inidividua~ll presen1t
that lhe wats "hand in glove" with
us5 and hiad upon01 reflection conoclud
f ed that "hot heads," and "swell
head(1," were eafer leadern thanii
If I haave been instrumnental in
1iftin t~ehea ruet llon to wayward
brother from the "niry clay," by
lifin tehpe elluof thioa pud
ding- heads," i am sure that lie will
harbor no0 resenitmenot, wheni I say
that I shallh hae no11 regr'ets for' my
Phiiladelphia aruib, atnd tha~t I would
even write ainothior, were I assured
that it wouildl be0 ade the innocent
means of br'inging all the '"pudding
heads'' to that reflectionl wich they
only3 ineed, to mlake themii as ab~le aind
-.as faithiful co .laborers iln the great
work befoae us8, as5 any1 iln our parity.
And when thait happ~hy time, niow
rapid(1ly app)~roacin~ig, does comeC
wont you1, friend "Dave," ignoring
for a timie youri1 temaperance pro.-livi -
ties, join me in a good, old fashion
<xl pu// at that "pocket demnijohn of
(corn'inil tokeni of our joy at the deliv'
forancee of thle coiuntry, and as evi.
(lLnceo of the. faict, that althou)1gh
thur'e miay haive been "'puldding heads"1
and1( 'sw~eliead1s," we all alt last
Shaive come1) to be "leveh.heads.''
Very resp~ectfully,
TI. W,. WIoonw11Ann.
Ah wYankde adi risn for a wife,
cessivernca ofo 011cident1'
be a cre forburns By layngs
demonsi1trated oni sv l OCenman IC
Successful Farming.
The first ain and pir pCRO of overy
bulliniess 11n11n, w:0eth1r Ilie is at fainil
or or a meroh-tnt, is t.) mn ike m:>noy.
There may '>c, of courAo, other
motives connected with .this, but
undoubtedly the leauling object aid
inentive to action is ioney. This
may seem like taking t low or sordid
view of the subject, but if rightly
considered, it is not. The law of
Onr nature that impels every 111mn to
make his business a source of gain,
1 iNuquestionably sountd and wise,
adul all that remains for na.1 is to
regulate our Conduct in harmony
with that law.
The man who pursues faring for
any other purpose) than to make it
pay is simply an esleption to it gel
oral rule, and his success or failure
is of little conseq1uence to tho world.
But the intelligent farner w ho por
ceives that under all the doubts and
difliculties of his vocation, there still
remains t clear Nisi'agin of proilt, who
steadily works out his convictions to
a tangible result, and tho conquer
or's final sutcce's, proVes his good
sense ats well as his e-apacity, and by
developing the posibilflities of his
business iieds light npot it, that
gives a new value, not only to his
own farm, but to every farm in the
The world never grudges to sul
it man the Honest fruits of his labor,
for his examilple is it public heritae
beyond price. He shows that the
o(elpattio)n whiclh feeds the human
race is able to r(lemnilerate those% who
engage ill it : that the successful
farmer, while gradhilily accuntihting
it honorable ildepecten'e, is help
ing to redueo the pri('e of )re' t( to
the lutngr'y. An .1 this, he it ob
served, is not ia mere asa1)51 ction, }
but, at great rg ictlttratl fact.
The farmeri, for exmaitple, who
sne 'eweds in getting; at larger yield of
corn. fi 01m an acre. aind at at ho)wer
cost per blshel thian ever before,
thereby conttributes to diminish the
)market price, as well as to ilcreise
the abunidancte, not only of this
cereal, but of netrlv all the products
of husbandry. If lie has been ate
clnsto1e'd to got thirty bushels of
ctrn froma an are, at it cost of lifty
cents per lmshl551, which hans bueen the
exporieice of many farmers, ansd if
by persistent eilbri1"s. he works out a
lethod that gives sixty ibushels at
forty ('nts, which has tlso been lthe
expeienlce of so11e, then his not
profit. on a market price of seventy
cents pur bushel, is :300 per entt.
greater Ilan before. But this is not'
all. A sLtving in the cost of corn in.
dientes coi cirrespolling ru(tltictiton in
the (ost of heef'i aml pork, of nmit1 ton
and wo( ol, of aiilk. but; ter antde beese,
poultry and egs.-1;echia /ew .
A TR.nrrlo or .ut.ir'ao. Lxt:.
T1here' is an Ind1i.1n sutperstit.ioni att
t:tched to this lake which probably
hand its stouriee in its rimarl.k.ble loi'
liness aund trlatnllility. The Mo
hawks believed that. It stillness was
sacred to the Great Spirit, and that;
if a Linan voice: ittered at sound
upon its waters, tfhe ttnol of tile
oflender wotild inst.anmtly sink. A
ttory is told) of an Engt~lei's womane
iln tile early da~ys of (lao (irst iiettlers,
whlo had1( otcasion to cross this lake
wi th a party of Indiansl, wiho, be0
fo.'e emba iirkiing, wrtaned hier miios
ilm)relssi vely of tht spelli . It wvas a
silenit, bre-tihless day, am11 the tamoe
shot over tuhe s~urface oIf t~hbo lhtke hike
an1 atrrow. About hialf a m1ile from1
the0 shore, nearW tho cete o(f the
lake, the womantl, wiishinug to con1
vincee the In~dian~s of thie ('rroncouts
ness5 of their siiursti tiolm, u ttered a
Iiloudn c h omeacso h
gInn 11l instanty Lto tie deetpest
how1iever,. thiey'i'i r iloule i thiri ex'erI.
tionis, and1( iln a ftrowniing .Silnce' idrove
the lighlt bark swiftly over thle waters.
They reacheccl the shiore ill afety,
and1( drew up theO (nn1oe. when the
woma~n r'thlied thle chIief onl his' creC
dulhity. "The Great Spirit is mer~ci
fiul," atnswered thlesconful Mohawk;
"hle knowvs thi it ai wh1ite wI nnn a
canot hold1( 11er togue !"'-- /O-pr'J)'s'
It is said they live longest. wh'lo
hatve mloderate ambiiitions. Th'ie man11
wilt qpiits work andl connneneells to
whlittle iln front (of Itgroceory st ore at
thae age of tirily as likely to whiittle
anid be a blessing to his family for
fifty years.
A i tness5 was milter (exainlat in
ill at Torotnto court in the caise of an
nid atccont, wheni the judge
dtid not seem to nudetlrst andl tilt
andio anuswered with 'Eli ?" The1
Judilge atsked, "Wha'lt dot. you dot for'
wife is at dressmau~ker."
Even Br'O1owlow admiiits - iln his
Kn loxville paperlC thiat "the very name
Replulican has~ become1) (iin'is with
thoultsandls oIf the adtherlentsi of tile
party,'' and thlat therte is nto possible
chancelt' for thle Repulican partlty in
Tienntessee. Het. shut ld havt~e atddled,
"o in hecounltr'y att large."r
It is dilicuilt to conlceive aniythiing
more'0(111 beuifuil than1 the r'epl~y givetn
by~ (onlt inl ailliet ion w-hen hie was
asked~ howi lie b)0re it so wvel: ''It,
lightells tile strioke," he said, 4"Ito
draw ne(arerl to lHim who handles
i hn cod."
The Address of the .o1o-e4' donfer
The "Address to the people of
the United States, idoptod at a eon
forence of colored citizens, held at
(Columiia, S. C., July 20 and 21st,"
is published in pamphlet form. It
deails almost exclusively with the
reeont.riot at Hamburg, and is. not
nearly as temperate and moderate
as tAs reported, although to such
of the signers as .Representative
Tom Davis it may seem mildness
and1c truth itogolf.
The Address asserts that the4
(comlplny which was disarmed AC
Hamburg is "not only at part of tlie
legally constituted militia of the
State, but is an mi pornted ;body,
having boon duly ch:rtered by an
Act of the General Assembly."
This had been denied, and, if the
stateomnts made in the Address Oh
this point are correct, they will
affect, in some degree, the final
A very olaborato account of the
origin, progress and ternnnation of
the irot is then given. It is found
ed entirely on c.x pare . testimony,
and includes the statement that theo
bodies of two of the killed were
mutilated. This statement was
sworn to at the -inquest, but is con.
tradieted and1( lisproved by the
evidenco taken by our special cor..
respon dent One error of the Con -
fem once lies in going into particu
hari. Until both sides shall have
boen heard it is irupossible to give
ant impartial account of the alTsir.
It wits suflicient for the Conference
to know that the whites who' de
mn1nudel the surrender of the arms
hadl no right to make such a de..
m15anid ; that, in Consequence of the
1emuand1, there was at collision i that
twLo negrues wore killed by the
whites during or after the fight,}
Lndl that three of the negroes who
had surrendered, and were under
.;uard as prisoners, were shot to
loath. These are the paramount
facts upon which the condemnation
)f the whole af'air, by the respecta
[l>i white citizons, is founded, and
Lw' which that condemnation is
ustiflied. But when the Conference
pass beyond the incontrovertible
facts, and give what purports to be
t detailed history of the aflair, they
lAy themselves Open to the charge
Lhat they are thinking more of
ainking political capital than of
Lolling the truth attic nothing else,
This view is conlirmed by the
-oimiemts Of the Address upon the
s;o-called "narraive of facts." It, is
cot true, is stated in the Address
that such outbreaks "invariably
>eirr on the eve of elections and
n Counties conutainiig etopublican
najorities!" It is not true that
1ihieats and mences have b.een
made that such lawless and cruel
lieads as the Hamburg affair will
(ii )t st.op till November I It is not
,rue t.hat this Hamburg atil'air was a
p:irt of a deliberate plaa1 ! And we
have no-ithinug but unqualified Con
:lemnation for what is said in the
Address concerning "the stupon
li'us wrongs and gross outrages
hlaily and hourly iihetet upon the
p~ersonils anid commiilitted aginst the
prloperty" of the colore~d citizenls of
S~ouith Carolinia. TIhecre are no such
wron1gH anud 11o such Onltraiges upon
he cooed citizenls. TIhcse for
cighst years' have con1triol the
Stte( Gkovernmecnt, have levied and
collected thle t axes, and have elected
lhe publ)ic OlicerS. TIhey have had
compillete imlstery over tihe State,
iid he <mly 01 conspicuous wrongs
lind outrasges ini Hou)ith Carolina are
tionse whlichi the wihite citizens have
been cnlled on to endare. TIhie
whites have bleen "peaceable andi
latw-aidning, docile and forbear
ing--forbering to such1 a do.
greet thalt in the preeneo of!
stuipenidousi wrongs and gross
outrages daily and hourly in fuled
against onr propertly, although con
Retolls of our rights, we haive mi-~l
fested at spirit of patience
and enldnrance nnfheasrd of anid un.
known ini the history of the mo~st
servile popnulat~in." This is said of
the blacks in the~ AddresR ; it is tiue
to th!e letter of the whites.
As at body 1he blacks have been
cjniet andi p(eacaible, we granlt, but11
their leaders, some of the very men
who sign the Address, nieglect no
opp)ortuinity to make them turbulent.
and lawless. Swails, Davis, MaX
otheiors, belokng to thies (lass. They
tie thle meni wvho thlreaten the whites
with fire and rapine. Such as they
have stolenl or stpianiidered the last
dollar in the publlic treasury, and
aure thin cause of every public grief
thact 50outh Caroilinai of late years lhas
known. And the one0 thing for
wiihi w~ bilame the colored 1)eop10o
as a body is that, year after year
they' elect such mnh to ofhiecs wVhose
profit remi~ss wile tile honor is
gone. Theoir untitness for any phat
of responsibility cannot bettor be
shsowni then by the way in which they
haveo treattedI the Hamm' affiit.
Thel Conference, in their Address,
mppeal to the people of the country
for help and pr'otctionf. Is not the
whole powver of tile State Glovernment
Ruflicient ? They ask that they be
ntot. goadedi ''to mnitess andI des
pieration by sucth unholy burdens as
are implosed upon"11 thenm. Are not
these buridons placed upon01 themi, if
at all, by their own law--makers of
their own race and1( nonmiann They
apyealt& )thoe liw abi d ) h ace
loving cItikoeis of tie ate to render
their assistance in the -ndirit9ianc
bf peace, and they. call "upon every
order of citizens to discotuhenancek
policy of bloodshed and :riot.;: Doe
'not this Hamburg age4r stjpd along.
is it not a purely locol disturbpnce,
and has it not been coidotinned With
out stint from the A'tlantic' to 'the
Blue Ridge ? They call upon Gov.
ernor Chauberlain to see that.ilthe
law is fai,thfully exo;ted, apd ap'peal
to President Grant "t9 enforce the
eoiistitu'tianal gui ntce by AftoVdin
the national protction to the citi
'zens of the United States domiciled
in South Caroline .ngainst 'domestic
:t red violence," 4nd - to oid the
Executive in bringing to plmuishmont
those guilty of the riot' at anibhrg.
Is it not a 'fi'ee t'o 'hay that 'thb
South Carolina colored' people nod
the National aid, and to treat a riot
in one corner of the Stie as 'rdo
mestig violence" within, th meaning
of the constitution'
'Tho Address' is thoibughly mia
chievous in charneter, becoase of its
exaggerations and palpable iissy ter
mnents. It can do no j uod ; it will
very likely do harm. The Confer
ence was not necessary' in the first
place. The colored people in South
Carolina are in no danger, unless
through the haran ues and inflan
matory speeches of their own lead
ers. The object of the white citi
zens of South Carolina ito maintain
peace, if they can. And they can
have peace, for themselves and the
blacks, if th Cains and Elliotts
keep quiet and cease to fan .the fast
failing fires of hatred and revenge.
rhe killing of the )risonors at Hami
burg has no defenders in South
Carolina ; the riot itself is condemn
ad evc ywhere. The law will take
its course. And, for the very reason
that the people at large denounce
violence and lawlessness, they have
nothing but censure for "the insini
ous efforts of Elliott and his col
leagues to secure, through the
Hamburg affair, a new le>se of inso
lent power and public -plinder.
News and ('ouricr.
India Rubber.
India Rubber is collected in a
peculiar way in Africa. The plant
which furnishes it is a gigantic
creeper, reaching to the tops of the
highest trees, and with a stein as
large as a man's thigh. It has large
bright, dark green leaves, somnowhat
like those of the magnolia, and is
thickly studded with beautiful
bunches of pure white star like
flowers, which have a powerful
bitter almond perfume that is very
attractive to insects, the fruit is the
size of a large o-ange, yellow when
fully ripe, and round, but with
quite a hard shell. This is filled
with a reddish pulp, which has an
agreeable acid taiste. Every part of
Ihe creeper, says Mir. Menteiro, ex
udes a milky juice when cut or
wotnded ; but unlike the India
Rubber trec'of America this milky
sap will not ran into a vessel placed
to receive it, as it dries so quickly
as to form a ridge on the wound,
wvhich stops its further flow. The
blacks collect it by making Jong
cuts in the bar~k with a knife, and as
the milky juice gushes out it is
wiped off cintinually 'with thmeir
fingers and sumeared on their airms,
shoulders and brIeasts until a thick
covering' is for'med. This is peeled
off their bodhies and cut into squares
which are saidl to be.then boiled in'
water. No less than four hundred
t~ms of Itulber wvere collected -in
this way in 1874 in the province of.
Ambriz alone.
A farmer states that he planted
livo rows of corn with seed taken
from the cob three inches bolh~w the
t'p of the eair, rbjecting the imper
fect grains at ,thme extrbnme yoints;
then five rows taken frokin the mid
(110 amld base of the ear, rejectinig
the imperfect grains at the butt.
The result was that the five rows
lan~mted from the mi~hle and butt pf
the cam' ripened kiboit itwo and am lf
weeks be fore the bther rows, tihe
corn' of the forme~r being bettor
eared and filled to' the end of the
Tugim RsPrm'. -There came near
being a row in Abbeville, last Fri
day, Wvhen the announcement of -th~d
respite of the colored mulrcere'c
Colemani wias announced. '1 hore
were fully '0,000 negroes from the
snrrounding countr'y pr'eschnt, wh6
in thme evening, disappointed at not
seeing the show, roaimed about the
town armed, making threats against
the whites, while a perfect fusilade
fr'om gmiusttcd'pistos 5was kept up
until a late hour. If it was an
electioneeoring dodge, it didnt win
with thme Abbeville darkeysu.
~ome me tritlemnen recently
addrvessed a d mnmunication to a~
m nister wvell known for his wvit, re
quiesting hjon to p reach a sermon to
tehen). $e replije4 that he would, and
stated1 giat he woud take fox 1is
text : "3 hins disease Asa. sought'not
to the Itord but to , tge physicians -
amnd Asa slept 'with Vmi fathers an4
A merchant went home the other
night and said cheerfully to his
wife: "Well, my dear, I've failed at
-last." "Oh, that's good !", exclaimued
his wife, with a radiant face ; "now
wo can o to thn Cer tennia1."
South Carolina News.
t, o -
~'bughelY worth forty Ave cents ,a
n enwood.
' Six c i weie baptized ait
Wal's rop b, Sunday before
t t d' ' are in pro
les at several C . ;1os in PickeIs
* 1gs are ton cents a u a
"frying chickens" twelve an" a haI
cents apiece in (Greenville.
Refreshing i rains have viHsd1+
Aulerson , and the crap prospect ,J
secoiraging. Bilious fevers arc
reported ii portions of the county,
the reeult'of miasma prodneed by
the recent fresliets.
I The suinmier - mcoting of the
pState Agricpitural Society will
t4 e place at Anderson on the
opund 'r.'ueslay in August.
Frank Crow and Jospph O'Brian,
aged 18 years, attending school
near 11ol1 il's Store, in Anderson 1
Cotihty, b'ecarnd engaged in a tight
over a game of marbles, last Friday,
and Crow struck O'Brian on the
head with a stone, fracturing the
skull and inflicting a dangerous
wound Crow then went to
nGeorgia. The parties had been .
firm friends, and sons of respectable
The Sunday School Convention, f
composed of superintendent.i and 1
delegates from the Sunday-schools '
in the South Carolina, Presbytery,,
organized in (1_eenwood on 'Tues
iday, 18th inst., by electing Re'v. D.
E. .Frierson, of Anderson, president, n
and Mr. Templeton, of Abbeville, e
secretary. About forty' mnembers i
were present. A Siday-school
address was delivered by Col.
Thomas Thomson, of Abboville. e
On T.mursday a Sunday school t
mass meeting was held, before (
which addresses were delivered by t
Rev. C. B. Stowairt and Rev. R. A.
Fair to a large audience. I
A Community's .Uu.y to its Press.
The true merchant will be a liberal (
but disorininaiting supporter of the 1!
press in his locality. He will not t
feel an obligation to patronize any I
and everything that wears the form i
of a newspaper, but will carefully H
scan the intellectual ability and f
moral fitness of those who assumne
the lofty responsibility of toaching 1
through the press. He will not on-;
courage the dissemnin:tting or
countenance of journals edite1 by
the incompetent and unworthy ; but '
if there be none other alredy in c
existence in his county, lie will com
Hine with men like himself to pro- 1
cure the establishment of such a l
journal as is needed, or the transfer
of the one already existing :nto the !
hands of some one qu:il'fied to guide
opinion and dispel mcmntal darkness.
Such a journal he will liberally and t
steadily encourage by advertising in
its columns r't a good price, by urg- t
ing upon other business men the
duty of doing likewise, by ro'i -iting
his customerrs and neighbors, to 1
give it at least their subscriptions
regularly continued, uniformly paid
in advance. By pursuing this 1
course, the mnerchamnt may do very
much towvards the diffusion of intel
ligence, the predominance of sound t
pr'inciples amnd thte putrificationl of f
morals. He need not be a politicalt
brawler or habitual agitator, on any
subject-thecre iS a miore~ excellent 1
wvay. He miay give an apjprovedl in
fluential journal in his county from
two to five hundredl dollars worth of if
advertising per~ annum, and priocuret
from others by the poweir of his so..
licitations, and examn>le, five times 1
asi much more ; while each name
tidded to the list of its subscribers,
extends the publicity of hi~s' an-- '
nounemnents, and, their p)otencey in
enlarging his business. I
SEiNsImILE 4mviE.--ou are asked
every clay through the coliugmn or
newpapers andi by your druggist
to use somnethin gfor Dyspupsia and
Liver CIoruplaint that you know -
nothing about. Ydu g. discouraged
spending money witlb but little
~uccess.. Now to give you satis
aetory proof t GREEN's AUGIJSTL
F.owani will cure you of Dyspepsia
and Liver Complaint with all their
effects, suich as Sour Stomach, Hick
Headache, Habitual CostivenessI
palpitationl of the Heart, Hjeart
burn, Water brash, coming upl of t
food after eating, low spirits &e ,
we ask you to go to your Druggists,
McMAsWian & lBaroE and get a Sam'
ple Bottle of GREEN s ArmoUs'r
Fm.o\VER for 10 cents and try it, or
a Regular Size for 75 cents. Two
doses will relievo you. * :1
'WomDhirFUL SU~toE5s!--4.It is re
piorted that Bloso~nESs GrmAN 6
Stnelr haii, since its inltroductionm int
the Uhitedl States, reached the im,-e
nzenl~e sale of 40,000 doizen per
yin;. Over 6,000 Drugglsth havet
ordered thisa Medicine direct from a
the Factor'y, rit Woodbury N. J1.,.e
and n'ot one hias teported a sirglei
fajire, but e'very letter speaks of 1
it~'tr~n 'icteens in curing<
iev' dObhheColds settled on thea
Breast, dlondhurkptio~n, or any dliseaseo
of tle Th'ro~t And L~ings. We ad
insi inf son thnt htt ariy prcdis- <
pthio to weak Lungs, to go to
their Druggist, McMAsTmn & BRIGEr, *
awl get this Medicinc, or inqnire,
ab~out it. Rtegular size, 75 cents ; N
sample bottle, 10 cents. Two doses i
-will i'elieve any case. Don't noglec
vour cough. '
'he Diffculties and Triumphs of the
ork as Performed by Captain Eads
The greatest difficulty that had It
>0 solved in building the channel
t the mouth of the M ississippi
iver was how to control the waters
>f the groat river, and so Compel
heml to cut out the mnuch veodedl
hainnel. A. hundred cubtic yards of
owing water, spread ov er a wator
ourso of one hundred yards wide,
ould give only a yard of depth.
'Io problom was, speaking lolative
to conlino that one liundred
a*.olrds into at chann1]]el which
ompel it to scoop out at
1001) cat al. Masonry had been
1nntd at htA outl of the Danube,
vut fasoxu. for sueieh gigantic work
bYonlid far OXO h.,c in~ (3xJ)ClSC aniy
)osibility that ias within tn
>owers of the wa itlun ofn~o
Mississippi. At thisinee of tme
)1e suggested that ' lows had
>een used to direct the , of
tr umis and to confine their -
Cls. Captain Euds and Col
indrews consulted, and the resat
vas that they hit upon CL plan foi
itilizing the trees which grow in groat
hickets on the alluvial soil of thc
)elta to help thei in their work.
)a bar, or rather an island, whieh
1010 into existeneo in the river
orty years ago in front of a erevasse
nown as the "Juinp," there is a
illow thicket covering somiae thirty
quare miles of land. lere was the
Titerial if it could onily Ib u*tiiizc1.
lfter long and anxiosls discussion.
plan was igreed upon d111(1 patelit
d in the ntames of the iniveitois by
Shi ich willow ii)attresses wero
rouight int) uase.
The mode of eCms':ruction and
ulb&sequenlt 1anlin(lllg of these mat
ress's is l11-ticulrly ingelious.
)n the b:ik of the pass there is,
rst of all, consti uetled a "launch
y,"con sistitg of a luiiiher -built
Lclined pl:tf 11 1, six feet above the
3vel to t he landward a111 graduatlly
tiding lowni to the water's edge.
)n the platform areJ two rihhanlds
I well greased pine which serve as
he "ways," to use shiipwrights'
arlance. On these ways are laid,
rst of all, Strips of pine, three by
ix imehes in dimensions and five
Let apart.. till the total width re
uired is reached. These strips are
ocoed on en(1 till at total length of
bout one lundlid feet is achieved.
.he miun*ber of strips is deteioiniied
'y the 1 eiquired width of the hat.
resses, which vary, according to
irc1um1st:ales, from fifteen to fifty
Lot. The ripi is being placed in
0osition, it nulber of holes are
1Jred in (0eh, into which are iln
criel hickory pegs at short inter
als, which, whcin bolted in with oak
edges, * t :md out thirty inches
0111 t he platform. On the found t
ion thus made are laid the willows ;
he first layer is laid crosswise of
he strips for abont six inches, andit
hen lenigtlwise, an1d so on the
Iyers keep aIltei nat ing till the iops
if the pegs are coivicd. When
his point is reached other strips are
lid crosswise- on the whole 1mass,
i which hiolescorrespondinig to2
he hickory pegs have beeni bored
T1heni, teh peg having been titled
o the supJerincum~bcint hole, powe~r
uli leverage is brought to bear and
hie binding eross stripis are forced
own on to the pegs andio seentely
oled with oak wedges. Th~lis
ozmplotes the m1amf(actuire of the
iattress, which is then slid down
r'olui the 'ways" and floaitedl on to
be water. A steam tug then taikes
hie floating mass in tow, and tugs
to the positioni where it is to lbe
uink. The ma)fttresses vary ill width
romi ti fly to fifteen feet, and su p
osinig a dep1th of twent v feet hais
o be tilled up1, en of' the malit
resses atre sunk in the spot, the
iwer one being of full widhth and
lhe upper oneCs graduaitting1 down to)
lhe inior dimiensioii:. each of them
ieing abloult two feet in thiickness~
nd a huindred feet long. lIn plac
ig them ini position* they are first
oated on the spot and attached to
uide pots when a stonio [barge is
owed alongside nnd rocks thrown
n the mattress till it sinks. In
his mannier thme jetty is mabde. An
Iternate layer of wvill ow~ mattre'ss
nd0 ro)ck, broadl at the base andli
radu-d ly narrowving toward the top)
iakes ai wal*l wvhich is imp~regnableo
o) the aissauilts of th waitcer, and so0,
s- the jetties stretch out, the cur
enit bieomes; conine~id and its force
onieenitratemd. Not only is the
trenn thus dleopened, 1but by a
urious11 reflex' aetion the jetty wvalls
ie strengthened.
The littoral oturrenit of the gulf
un31 fromi west to east, andiu the
'ebiri3 thrust. out into the gulf by
he concentrated streamn, becingr
.ught b~y the littoral current , hie
omes filled up on the outside of
he westwvard jetty, miaking a Iirmn
vall against all1 the inroads of the
cai. So maflrked is this eee that
n the bay to the wezt of the Southi
~ass, where a year ago a steimuier
lrawing nine feet of wvater would
nove with ease, now a skiff wvould
>c grounlded at high tide. The
>resen)t indications are that the
omumerce between the Mississippi
'alley and Euurop)e will pass throul~gh
he miouith of the MliHsissippi iniside~
lie niext I wolvye mloinths, aind if the
amie maitttress system can be
1.doptcd for the river genierally, a
lepth of water suficient to elm y
weavv tonaa'n can an made pe-ma
Political Nutes.
'he Republicans are beginning to
hao eseiotu doubts of their ability
to ('arry M1*ichighnl this faill.
General A H. Col(pIitt its- hon
unaniminously nlomimtlted by the State
Democratic Convention for governor
of Georgia. .. .
It. is believcd that ox--Postmaster.
Gnuerial Jewell will be t,1 o 1epubli
Caun cindidate for governor of Con,
Domocracy i'n South Cavolin',
whaintever it may, ;meau ol$owhere,
I meanus honesty, cir/tue; and'1 truthi.
Repulicanlisnl uim'alis' the roorse of
these dttr~ibuites.
General John 4. Phelps, the
Democratic nominee for governor of
Missonri, wa11 chairimian o4tthe 4on
grossi.onal Ways. al iene Cu-.
nittee while Jamoles uelhaiiu was
president. , . -
Another one of Grant's faiily is in
trouble. Somretary Roboson 1as5
been caught in ste.aling, and articles
i'machf hh1pllliment are to be' preforred
at himt. Thu", one by one the
sid. Grant is said to be con
siderailly 'Hgslted at Hayes' letter
accepting the 0 bi 3noiain
for president ube lie doca not
o('01e out H(quaryns hei arovad of in
''he Cincinnlati om(70fl**'l eij say s
ProsidflCIt Grant show1s Kig1lii of
fatigue im holding the country ny by
the tail. Snetines there are symi
toms that he has a great notion )
lot the thing drop like a hot potato.
IfTwo prominent colored mnen, who
were ai()llted members of-tire to
mblican Exoitivo ('omnittce inl
( arroll County, Tenn., refuso to
serve, iniid (eclarO their iltlltiol of
going with the Dtemocrits this time.
G(nertl John 1!'. lF'trnsiiworth, of
Illiiois, who s erved for several terms
ias at lepublican memier of Con
gress, has come out for Tilden and
I Hen dricks, and made a strong speech
im favor of their election, at Aurora,
I-Gov. Gaston iS sid to havo
coinsented to ia renoItinatio bly the
i)etiocrats of Massachtlusetts, and its
is thought that the c"onvenition will
name him. Gov. Rive will Undonh -
edly he nominated by the Republi
caln) Conventmin.
Ex--Governor John M. Paner, of
Illinois, doolareos hitaiself entireily
Satisfied wvit~h the St. Louis ticket ;
thinks it a strong tiekot ; and promis
eis to support it.. Ex-Senator Liy
n11111 'i'VTumbull i-s of similar mind
a1 offers his serviees to tire Demo.
erahlte mana1 gers.
It. is .i Newt thing in American
polities for a ('abinet officer to be at
the hlead of it (umllaignl coimndliittee ;
but, (lien, "the hit goveriuelit the
world ever saw" is iftrodueing to
u1s many now things. For'o instance,
old Zach. Chandler, Secretary of the
Iuterior, at the head of the Republi
va1 R-mtil om, (f North Caoli
naf, .indlepiieint lkpnublijenn candi
(dite for Congress in the first district
oIf t.hat State two years ago; and
tuittinal conlvenitioni, anniouines is
intention to suiport te D)emocratic
nlominalhtion,4 both State and1( natoin
at. He will take the stump)Ili imdi
ately. Mr. lousom was a Grant
elector in 18'72.
One of thoe most gratifying acces.
suonR to the raniks of the wVorkErsl for
Tilden and1( Hendlrick is Mr. W. IH.
Hernidon, of Illinois, for twerity -fivo
years (the law lnartner and bosom
friend of Abrahami lLineoln. Hoe
declared~ at a ratitietiomn moieinig at
Springfiel last week, thant ho was
for Tildeni and -Hendrickf and re
formi, and should11 lab)o- fi-omi nlow
until November noxf,01on the stump11,
through the Press an1d tahr$)ygli every
channel by whl ch fthouaght .could
reach thought fo'r 'their *election.
Hfis speech wnW' rdeeived with' great
Sapplause. --
A Virg ina ratihlroad was0 m~ade to
pay twecnty fivo doellars for killing a
Iviahle rooster. The eniginner saiid
he blow the( whistle' as kindly an
poible:lh but whenf ihe i oiste r
droppedl one wing on the ground,
roised his (eye heaLvenwarl~d, anud
commifencedl whteting his spur on
the rail. forboaranwe conised to be. a
virtne, and lbe Jet dirive into hlimi
with 4hiirtfen cais.
Tlan HTiunwao1 AmnAtl --Tulr As..
1*1-yi M.' : LA Vri TEll1.iY.-\YVe learn
Shiat all the South CarolinA parties
( harged in the verdIuet of the jury of
uinust mot the Sheriff' of Aiken
C ountyb atl Co. A. P. Butler's es
I (rdayii and1 were formaldly arrestedi.
The y will proceod to Aikoni withi the
Shuerifl to-da~y, anud will go at onen,
ho~fore Judg(e Mahier. It is expcted
tirt they will give haoil aond be re
leased..-Ukroni. ac nd ,intinel, d.
They haI acroswyo e
cidjig bewA suits inl North Stim.
liothi parltiesH are p'ut undi(er ('ohl(
water, and tdle one sutaying the long
es;t wins thle 1sui1t. In this counuitry
water and then kept, there as long asH
Tlhe niew~ postal law, now inl Opera
1in. 1 edu'es the poMal n~e l centi
ner onnen.

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