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iKV"Sf?? jt"t'l?"t ' in Independent Journal: For the Promotion of lire Political, Social, Agricutural and Commeraal Un* of the South- J _ Vol,. 1. ' ~ VIlUKVIl.l.F. S. P., THURSDAY, SBPTEMEK-R O, 1855. _ _ ^2^ Choice ^octri). From the Homo Journal. THE PINE. BY WM. C. IIOSMRlt While mossy old pines sang a lullaby wild, I couched on the grass, when an innocent child, An 1 fancied that angels were hovering round: No instrument fashioned by frail, mortal hand, Could rouse in my bosom a feeling so grand As that magical, soft and mysterious sound. In keeping with Freedom's promt throne on the hills, How the roar of a storm-troubled pine forest thrills The heart of the mountaineer mantled in cloud; It sends to the valleys a voice of dismay. And suuud* like the?piiek march of hosts to the fray, While drums beat the charge, and the trumpet is loud. Though soft are the tones that the wild winds evoke From the glossy-leaved heecli, or centennial oak, l lie pines give a sweeter response to tlieiv call; And often 1 think, when the branches are stirred, Of' rich, organ-peals in some old minister heard. While ghosts seem to start from the echoing wall. When winter is coating the hillside with snow. And dropping a shroud 011 the meadows below, The pine, like a sentinel, stands on the height : Tee covers its trunk with a glitteringmall. And it welcomes the rush of the pitiless gale. Its green arms uptossing in frantic delight. Meet place for the bird of our banner to rest, CM build for his royal descendants a nest, 1-the tall, misty cone of some towering pine: It- branches give tongue, and proclaim him a king When sunward, iu circles, he mounts on the wing. To gaze on the earth like a vision divine. (Mi! grand is the dash of the surf on the shore, And wild the mad torrent's tumultuous roar, While cliffs, overhanging, with spray-drops are wet: Hut the sigh of the wind in a forest of pines, Like troops on the hill-summits, marshalled in lines, Is a sound that a poet can never forget. Now it swells on the ear, with a billowy roll: Anon breathes in whispers of love to the soul? For spirits arc touching the emerald keys : Talk not of the magic of lute or of lyre: Poetic emotion they cannot inspire f.ike melody woke, in the pines, by the breeze. littsctHaiicmts iWabtng. Correspondence of the Missouri Democrat. FONTANELLE, THE OMAIIA CHIEF, j Wolf Hiver, Kansas Ter., Aug. 4,1855. ' Logan Fontanelle, Chief of the Oinahas, has just been slain and scalped at Loup Fork, by a baud of Sioux. Logan was a noble fellow, and in this last mortal conflict he dispatched several of the enemy to the spirit land before, ' to herald the coining of his own brave soul.? j lie fought long, desperately, and with great j effect, but numbers finally overcame Iiiiu, and j hL life departed through a hundred wounds, lie died a martyr tbr his people, and his name should he carved upon fame's brightest tablet. He was on his annual hunt with his nation. A number of his lodges were pitched upon the plains near Loup Fork. As a young warrior one day rode around the adjacent hills, he espied a powerful baud of Sioux encamped along a stream in a sequestered vale, lie hastens to inform Logan of the piopiuquity and power of their natural foe. Logan ordered his people to pack immediately, and proceed in a straight line and with all.speed for home, while he would remain behind, and divert the Sioux by false camp fires nud other devices, from a direct pursuit of them. This was about twilight. The people got underway as quickly as possible, but not too soon ; for scarcely bad they turned a highland when several Fioux warriors came in sight and discovered the place of their recent encampment. They examined it and found that Omahas had been there, and then they returned to notify their chief, and bring an adequate force to pursue and slaughter them. Logan, front a hiding-place, saw all and knew that Yio time was to be lost in drawing their attention from the trail, which they would soon discover and follow, and mounting his horse, he dashed away at full speed across the prairie, at right angles with the route his tribe had taken, and struck a fireabout eight miles distant, on an eminence where the Sioux could distinctly sec it. He had scarcely done so before a powerful band were upon the spot that he and his people had so lately left, and who, without xtoppiug to dis tinguish the trail, started for the fire, which they saw rising agjinst the clear blue sky, and where they expected in another moment to imbue their hands in the gore of their unguarded victims. But Logan had not been unwary.? As soon as the fire was lighted, hcagain mount? / ? ed and rude on eight or ten miles further, and kindled another fire just as they reached the first. This rather bewildered them. They dismounted and examined the ground. Logan anticipating this, had trotted and walked his horsetaround it, so as to make the appearance upon the grass of the treading of a dozen horses; and this drew them into the belief thata small body had lingered behind and kindled this fire, and then gone on to where they could sec the new tire burniug ; and so they followed with renewed avidity. The same thing happened as before. Logan had gone on, and auother fire met their astouished gaze, while the same sort of foot prints were about the oue around which they were uow gathered. Their suspicions were now awakened. They examined the grouud more closely, both far and near, and discovered that a solitary horse inau had deceived them, and they knew it was fur the sole purpose of leading them off from the pursuit of the party whose encampment they had first discovered. liUgaii saw them going round with glaring torches, and understood their object, and knew that his only chance of safety was in immediate llight towards his home ; and he further knew that by the time they could retrace their way to their place of starting, and find the trail that his own people had taken, they would be beyond tbc reach of danger. The Sioux, in the meanwhile, had divided into smaller bands, the largest of which was to return and pursue the Omahas, and the others to endeavor to capture the one who had misled them. They knew that he must bean Omaha, and that he would either go further and kindle another watch-fire, or start for his nation in a straight line ; and, therefore, one party went on a little further, and the others spread out towards the Omaha country for the au Indian girl dipping water from a spring. She was startled, and about to cry for help, when he hastily assured her that he needed protection and assistance. With the true instincts of noble woman, she appreciated his situatiou in an instant, and all her sympathies were with him. She directed him to dismount aud go to a small natural bower to which she pointed him in the verge of the woods, while she would mount horse and lead his pursuers away. Ho obeyed her, and she mounted his horse and dashing on in a serpentine way through the woods, leaving marks along the brushes by which she could he traced. The pursuers soon followed. When she had got some distance down the branch, she rode into the water, and followed its descending course for a few steps, making her horse touch its sides and leave foot-prints in that direction, and then turned up the bed of the stream and rude above the place at which she entered it, without leaving a trace, and back to where Logan was concealed. She told him to mount and speed away, while his pursuers were going in a contrary direction down the ravine lie did so and got a long distance out of sight, and again thought himself out of the reach oi danger, when in a valley just in front of him he saw fifty braves coming up the hill meeting him. They were some of those who were purpose of intercepting him. Logan pressed forward as rapidly as his jaded steed could bear him, until he thought he had entirely eluded them; but as the day dawned, to his horror and dismay, he saw his pursuers close upon his track. He turned his course for a ravine, which he distinguished at a distance, covered with trees and undergrowth. He succeeded in reaching it, and just within its verge he met returning from the pursuit of his people, lie changed his direction and tried to escape, but his poor horse was too much exhausted to bear him with sufficient speed. With savage yells they plunged their rowels into their horses' sides and gained upon him. As the foremost approached within shooting distance, Logan, i turned suddenly and sent a bullet through his brain. Then, loadiug as he galloped on, lie soon made another bite the dust ; and then i another and another, until four were strewed along the plain. Just then, however, as he was again reloading, his horse stumbled and fell, and the baud rushed upon him before lie bad well recovered from the shock, lie was shot with bullets and arrows, and gashed with tomahawks, and pierced with lauees; notwithstanding all which, he arose amidst his foes, - - ' - /? ? . l /? and with his clubbed ntle and nunting-Kime he piled around him five prostrate bodies, and fell with liis back upon their corpses and expired, still fighting. lie was scalped, and hundreds of warriors held a great war-dance over him. Thus Logan Fontanelle departed, and his noble spirit was followed to spirit-land by the sighs and lamentations of his nation and the sympathies and aspirations of the brave of every land. THE SEWING GIRL. Annie Linton was the best sewer in Mrs. Roy's school; and the mistress declared, on inspecting the first shirt she made for her,father, 'That the Duke of Ruchleueh himself might wear it!' This was high praise for little Annie, who was only eleven years of age; and she never forgot it. Her work was the cleanest and neatest ever seen. Then she did it so quickly, her mother could not keep pace with her daily demand for 'something to sew.' 'I wish Annie would take to her book,' said Mrs. Linton to her husband. But it was quite clear that Auuie would never take to her book; she had little reading and less spelling; and yet she could 'mark' (with cotton) all the letters of the alphabet, as if she was a verv miracle of learning. 'Something to sew?' eagerly demanded Annie. 'Will any mowing come to this sewing?" asked her father, with a very natural attempt at a pun. 'Those who do not sew shall not reap,' said little Annie, cleverly taking up her father's meaning and her work-bag at the same time, as she whisked past him in fear of being toe late for school. Three weeks after: 'Annie's learning to be a scholar,' said Mrs. Linton; 'no more demands for sewing.' That afternoon Annie came bounding into the hou.se from school, sat upon her father's knee, opened her workbag, which hung over her arm, and putting si screwed up paper into his hand, said: 'Ther't the mowing/ Iter father undid the paper, and found foui half-crowns. 'Anuie,' questioned her father, 'where did this come from ?' 'From the sewing,' answered Annie, laughing delightedly at his surprise, as she escaped from his knee, and ran out of the room, to delay a little longer the solution of the riddle. 'Wife,' said John Linton, 'it is impossible that Annie could earn all this by the sort ot child's play girls call work; and whom did she earn it from ? I'm afraid there's something wrong?' And, to tell the truth, Annie Lin. ton was practising a little disguise; nor had she given her father all the money she had earned. The sum originally was twelve shillings. This was all designed for her fathei alone; but a prior claim had come in the way. It was cold winter weather, and the children of the school brought their forms in a sort ol square, around Mrs. Roy's lire. Annie, whe was a favorite of the mistress, always occupied a warm corner close to her own big chair. On ii.~ J..,. r.iiocti'nn Afvvs ltnvlinniieiiod to be I LIU Utlji Iu i|uvcvtvu^ .... out of the room? 'I'll change seats with you, Jessie "Wilson, if you're cold,' said Annie, addressin g a little girl, a very book-woriu, who, clad in a threadbare printed cotton gown, sat shivering ovei her lesson. Jessie, thus invited, came a little ne:irer. 'You should put on a woolen frock lik e mint and warm yourself well at your mothers fire before you come to school these winter days, said Annie,' scrutinizing the poverty-strucli appearance of the girl. 'Mother says,' replied Jessie, 'thfvt she'd rather do without a fire than my schooling, and she can't pay for both.' <Has your mother no fire at home this coh weather?' asked Anuie in amazement. fXo,' said Jessie. 'I wished 1 dare briuj her with me here?it's warmer than at home And I know mother is ill, though she won' tell me." 'Sit there,' said Annie, placing Jessie ii her warm corner; and don't go out of sehoc without me. That afternoon the two girls went hand ii hand to Jessie's door. 'Have you plenty to eat, if you've no lire! asked Annie. 'This is the first day mother has been forcei to send me to school without breakfast,' sail Jessie,' hanging down her head, as if ashamei of the confession. 'Here,' said Annie, after a slight pause, 1111 twisting the paper in which wore deposits her first earnings; '1 won't go in with you, fo ! your mothei might not like to take it from 1 little girl like me; but'?and she put twoshil : lines into Jessie's hand?'that is to buy yo i something tu oat, ami a lire, ami, if your mi tlier can sew as well as I can,' saiil Annii with pardonable vanity, '1 can tell her how t get plenty of money to pay for both.' No wonder Annie's riches increased; th iirst investment was a good one. Neverthc ! less the concealing of it from her parents sh knew tube wrong; she feared they wuubl dif | approve of it; and she added to her little praj er at night, after the usual ending of dim bless father and mother?and forgive me fu keeping secret that I helped Jessie Wilson j (Vuld the Recording Angel carry up a pure prayer to lleaven i Of course, Mr. and Mrs. Linton very soo j discovered that Mr. Seamwdl, of the 'Read ' made Linen Warehouse,'was the grand soure i of Annie's wealth. He said there was noon ; who could work like her, and said that h ' would give eighteen pi nee each for the tine? t ; description of shirt-making. This was n : great payment for Annie's exquisite stitehin ?thirty years ago it would have brought he three and sixpence a shirt. Hut Annie is < , | the present, not of the past; and as she colli ' complete a shirt day, her tiugeis Hying swili r than a weavers shuttle, she earned nin shillings a week. | "Hood wife,' said Mr. Linton, -we are ui so poor but that we can maintain our daughti j until she's twenty, and by that time, at th present rate of her earnings, she will have little fortune in the bank.' liut this little fortune ama.-.-ed but slowh ! for Annie .seldom had nine.shillings at the en of the week?there were other -Jessie Wilson? wh?) required food and fire. Had Annie been a poet, site Would assitret ; 1_\ have wiitteit, not the soti^, hitt a ?i?j_ i the shirt, for once when she was questioned a to the dull monotony of her work: Dull y? Delightful!' said Annie, in advocacy of he calling. -Why, with this rare linen and fin thread, my stite-hes seem like stringing littl ' pearls along the wristbands and collars !' Whs an anti-song of the -hiit might not Annie hav written ! Annie's eighteenth birth-day was celebrate by a tea-party to all the seamstresses of' Mi Seamwell's establishment, where she was no1 forewoman ; besides being a cheerful, kiln hearted little creature, beloved by everybody j it was a compliment, Mr. Seamwell said, sli well deserved?her admirable superintendent 1 of the department allotted her having inereai I cd his business tenfold. Some time after there was a day of rejoiein in the linn of Seamwell & Co. The fatlu ' had taken his son as a partner, and the so ' took a partner for life?the indefatigable littl i seamstress, Annie Linton. There never was ' blither bridal. Annie?herself having rise from the ranks?had a present for every worl women. Indeed it was a day of presents, ft on that very morning, and in time to be wor at the wedding, a shawl arrived for Annie, a the way from India?an India shawl, that Duchess would have envied! Upon it wa pinned a paper, on which was written : ?Wea this for the sake of one who is now rich an ' liappy, but who can never forget the service ' you rendered to the poor school girl?Jcssi ' Wilson.' ' 'Annie, said young Seamwcll after the raai iniage, 'I fell in love with you when you wer ! a child, and came to our shop for your fin sewing. I also happened to be passing whe 1 you gave part of your first earnings to Jessi ' Wilson; I was a boy then, but I said to 1113 ' self: <lfl were a man, I'd marry Annie Lii 1 ton; but she's so prett'?here Annie blushe 1 most becomingly?'not because she's so indui trious, but because she's so kind-hearted.' MEMORY. Say, in the introduction to his celebrate work on political economy, tells us that h I studied all the books he could liud on the sul ject upon which he intended to write?an theu took time to forget what he had read, b( i fore beginning to write. Do we thoroughl comprehend what the memory retains in th f gross? Are facts properly generalized, digesi ; ed, assimilated, and made part and parcel c . our mind till they are in great measure forgoi 1 ten ? Is not a good memory a mental dyspef I sia, that retains intellectual food undigestec and disgusts the listener or the reader by brinj ing it forth in the gross, just as it was swa lowed ? Who has not been bored a thousan 1 times by a friend with a fine memory ? Sue f a friend always remembers to forget, that h 1 has retailed the same learning or the sam [ story to his impatient listener a hundred time 1 before. ! Probably every body has euough of memorj Xo one forgets what interests him. The du , boys who cannot remember a line ot a boon ! arc the very boys who never forget a name, c . a face, or a foot-path. It is want of intern r and attention, not want of memory, that make them dull. The twenty-four books of Home were easily retained in man's memories, befor ; writing was invented. Men have now learue > to forget, and consider such a power of menu ' ry almost incredible. ; How uufortunate we should be to recolle< everything we saw or read ! Some men ai [ thus unfortunate, and are the poorest thinker 1 and most intolerable bores in the world. W sometimes think that excess of memory is tl J only defect of memory. That excess occasioi intellectual indigestion or dyspepsia. 15 Some men acquire and retain twenty lai guages. Such men have never been distil t guished for great power or comprehension ( intellect. All the other mental faculties ai 11 sacrificed to mere memory, lireat minds ran il ly retain the ijtsissinm mla of the boul which they read, a We have often heard that Mr. Clay nev? forgot a name or a face. To him, as a publi ' man, such things were important, intcreste his attention and impressed his memory. II J had little use for poetry, and could scared J repeat correctly a line of it. Croat lawyers r< 1 collect principles only, ted can define the. J principles only in language ol their own. A< i- | curate lawyers recollect cases, and can rope; il ileliiiitioiis by the hour in the exact words < r I the book. Great lawyers make bad judge, a | Ihr they decide too often on principle, rcgart I- less ol'authority. At curate lawyers, men i 11 good memories, revere authority, deem it a ?- mo>t profane to impure into the reasons < >, such authority, have nfm-i //.< /.,/.> for the o guide and motto, and ft take indillereiit adv< catcs and admirable judges. W e knew a di e tingiiished jurist, whose advice to hi.sstudeii j was, Make care to comprehend what you re;u e i hut never trouble yourself about relhemberiii | it." To all readers, this is admirable advio - | There is very little that we read, worth romeii d ' boring ; yet scarce anything we read, sc.' . r hear, that may uot suggest useful reflectioi ' ! and add thus to the volume of our intellect, r i IRVING'S WASHINGTON. ? This iinble work is the graceful homage n .. feivd by a great ami good writer to a gro; I ami good man. There is the eclectic allinil t. which links together in one carth-ciiiiohliii t. agapeiooiic the so ills of the pure and tin- gent inspiring this volume ; and from the begintiin () lo the end this >pirit in;n he seen hoverin ,r . around it, gently beckoning the reader's hca r to love him whose life is told, and to love hii ,C | who tolls it. i The pathos ot the epic and the cuchantmoi l_ ' of Mutely rhyme stirroumh d. like majestic >ei (, tinels, the heeatoiuhs. of the heroes of alit (jllity. Hut Uo Mich seiilint l> an; needed whe i a wotld's love stands guard?no such maje.M ,r j pageantry i> re?piired where the majesty of 11 achieved glory sheds forth Midi mutant lu-ur where I he reality is so great ?-so great beyoii all need of display?that display could uti . oftend. The life of Washington shrinks ii tj stinetively lVoin the gorgco'i- draperv of :1 lyric loom, and, like a i>: ouiful maiden \\ 1 looks most beautiful in the white virgin drc> I shines brightest in that chaste garment of n t- t ble simplicity in which W is],-' gtoll has dot ed it. 1 hit :i still chaster infcivuce looms in tl logical aspect of thi~ -inij. i. it\. It i< heCoii imr the hero who inaugurated ivpublicanisii It is becoming the .Vimricaii citizen, who, wit . 1 all hi> supreme gills of superiority, piv>frvi a dignified modesty, and in his very life acti c r . . . *. ali/cs that noble idea of equality winch tend 1 es the high to curb pride?thus inspirintr tl |t lowly to emulate grcufm s?and which, di j carding in the high cravings oi' arrogance, r j moves from the lowly the sting of bitternes . ! living's tale unfolds the life of one wl c ! worked out lii.s lofty nature with the same hi utility that the lowliest Works out his low' nature; the life of one blu-hing almost limb the sublime load of those wonderfully balanci j harmonies of miud and soul which makes hi ; soar above his follows, and bearing bis niuje n | tic cross with such lovely meekness that, ; 0 j we follow him from his rural home in Virgin I to his grave at Blount \'criion, there isinevoi j word, in every deed, in every thought, in ev r}' performance of his, that which makes tl j highest intellects love, and the lowliest liea i worship?almost defy him. There is that s;i U j aud loving voice which once spoke to us fro .t ! the Mount, speaking again through him wl s J was liberty's greatest apostle, gently reinim . j ing us that there arc diversity of gifts, bi ! - stain eiMi'tf In liint con vtur J J UUljr V11U AM KAMA, )TV WV HIUV J'?i is. which alike frowns upon the tyranuical aut crut who abuses power, and upon the tyrann cal people who misuse'freedom, teaching ui r ilinchiug resistance to the one, while cautioi e ing against the dangerous cravings of the otl or. No; the life of one who blended somuc power of thought with so much serenity i c temper, so much love for freedom with so muc , aversion for licentiousness, so much valor w.:i so much meekness, so much crush of ide; (j with so much equanimity of mind, so muc reverence for religion with so much tolcraui of opinion, so much of the many-sided genii of Julius Cmsar with so much of the undyii consistency of Socrates, so much of the da J zling features of the impetuous hcro-warrl c with the gcuial aspirations of the plain counti gentleman?the life of such a one is too pu d iu its simplicity to need the surroundings j. verse, too towering in its majesty to lose 1 y the absence of poetic glitter. Such a life e told at all, should only be told with that sir t. pic yet classic purity which constitutes tl ,f charm of Irving's writings ! but not even tl I. most faithful adaption of simplicity of tone match the-simplicity of the theme, could gra 1? pie with this life and tell this tale so as r. arouse in our hearts feelings of admiration fi 3 |_ the book akin to those inspired by its hero, J there was not that inexpressible symphony li unity between the nobility of heart of the wi c terandthatof him whose life is written, whic e infuses vitality into every liue. ,g Not only Americans, but freemen and ph lanthropists all over the world, will read th . graceful volume, and from its teachings ct 11 fresh lessons for emulatiou of those virtu which constituted the glory of Washington.,r But yet another thought suggests itself. Tl 3t connection of two names which reverence liu * .1 ?Ml L. 1 . 1 a A ! 1_. 1 >s eel togetner, win De uiaae acar to posterity i ;r all the enchantments of virtue and genius, e power and heroism. d If Washington is the reverend father of o > Republic of freedom, is not Irving the belovi father of our Republic of letters ? From tl ;t inspirations which glow on the page of Dan e and Shakspeare, and the gentle induenc S) which plead through the lovely voice of 1 'e viug and of Scott, blossom those ideas, thoughi ie and sympathies, which falling upon gia is minds, arouse heroism, and create Washing i tons to tight for that for which they have writ i- (ton. It is upon this divine marriage of ideali 1- ty and action, that the progress of luaukim )f ' depends; and let us rejoice at every syinbo e which proclaims the union of letters that con 2- j trol the minds, with action that moulds th< :s : destiny of men. Let us, then, thank our be 1 ? ' *> < ? I. nr.. L i luveu irvnig' iur giving us, in ins me ui n a?u t ingtuii, a fresh and so beautiful a manifesta ic lion of this glorious union. The noble deed; d of Washington make the glory of the book.? e It is the spell of Irving's pen which makes ii y charm. Jiuth the glory and the charm wil 3- j grow with every age, and proclaim to the mosi c distant generations how a great and good niai l*- j had led a gieat and good life, and how a great it | and good writer has made it the theme of t jf great and good book. s, | Irving unfolds the life of Washington as i 1-1 has not been unfolded before. >f \t first, t!ic Virginian infant i .Mewingand puking in tin? siiMe nurse's arms; ,! And then tin* -ten.lv sc!:nol-h..y. with hi.- .-alclicl. -d And shining morning laee. li.ituiciug with joy ir M"st willingly to school. Then, a soldier. ( Full of liol.ic daring, ami. like thclioii. leave, . siii-'t i.i honor, in duly -tea dfstst and unwavering, Seeking his country'.* gloiy ts I'.vi ii in ilis cannon's mouth. And then the lover, | Vow ing his heart, and pledging hi - hand with modes Mil-it To "lie of Viiginia's m-hlest dames. And tlien tli i\ com malt ler i if the i.ati'.n's army, with nohlc mien. . Willi yet kind, and maiim rs of serene though formal cut. I, Full of wi.-e precepts ami hi'jh-soiileil instances? And so he compters Freedom. The sixth age shift I ii! die proud and lofty I're-ideiitial chair; With I'rien Is -nrn umled. with admiring crowds; His voutlifu! spiiit unimpaired, a world to wait 1- tin ami t.? !:?ten t.> his solemn teachings ,1 .\i.<l hi- tender, mini, m uily voice. I Sea ut :fu!i v present I. never turning toward childisl > treble. ig i'.vcr iiispiiing with re-poetI'ul awe, until comes tie |,. Ia?t -relic of all. That . n I- tiii- . a'dimc. eventful hi-tory, Surrendering hi- nulde soil! to his Maker's tru-t? g Full of hope, full of faith, Snil of love, lull of holy I t Isolde thoughts. in We shall tint add another Word. We oub wish the leaders of this Volume the same jo' it ami j:ratiliration which we have lelt un dwell it- ing upon it.>in~|?irin*r pages.? Jonrnnl i- -- rw PULPIT ELOQUENCE. In the life of John 1'lavel, a renowned dis sciitiug preacher of Kngluiid, it is said "ow of those omens which arc supposed to an K1 imiiiice future eminence, accompanied hi |v hirtli. A pair of liiglitcngulcs made thei iiots on the window of the chamber of hi ,L. mother, and with their delicious notes sa?< lu the birth of him whose t nipuo sweetly pro S) claimed the glad tidings which gave songs ii the night." 1 cannot assert that the oratori li. eal distinction of John Iturris was preec "h d by any such incident, but it has seldot been my fortune to hear a more nicllifiiiou i). and sedative speaker, lu very early life, ii, student in Washington eitv, L heard the fa 1, ! liiuus Suinnierlield, a young Methodist intinc rs rant. His face and form were of womanly, al Ll_ | most of angelic beauty. A divine lustr |,. beamed from his eyes. Ilis clear, full, sonor i0 i ous voice fell like the tones of a mountain bel one moment, and anon, came crashing am 0_' thundering down with terrible effect on tin s< | startled masses, forcing them to cry aloud am ' crowd together with uplifted arms, as thuugl u_ for shelter from an impending avalanche.? |y : Ilis cftMpu-nee shook sin from its citadels an< nr I dragged vice and fashion from their "pride o >d place." The sensation lie produced was tre m ! niendous. Multitudes followed his steps.? s. j As a preacher he towered alongside of Whit , field, but he soon went down to the grave j;, ' consumed by his own fire, and called to i y ; higher sphere for some inscrutable purpose. c*_ | It is related of IJossuct, that when he pro ,c nounccd the funeral sermon of the Princes Henrietta and described her dying agonies id the whole audience arose from their seats witl in terror in every countenance. ? r-7 X ill ance of punctuation. There are two ways c es pointing it, one of which makes the individu ? nl in question a monster of wickedness, whil be the other converts him into a model Christian k- Let our readers exercise their ingenuity o }y the problem, and see whether they can disco; of er its two-fold solution: "lie is an old experienced man in vice an ur wickedness he is never fouud opposing th ed works of iniquity he takes delight in the dowr be fall of the neighborhood he never rejoices i te the prosperity of any of his fellow creatures h es is always ready to assist in destroying th 'r- peace of society he takes no pleasure in sen ts, iug the Lord he is uncommonly diligent in sov nt ing discord among his friends and acquaintanct - lie takes 110 pride iu laboring to promote the - cause of Christianity lie lias not been negli gent iu endeavoring to stigmatize all public 1 teachers he makes no exertions to subdue his 1 evil passions lie strives hard to build up Sa tan's kingdom lie lends 110 aid to the support ) of the gospel among the heathreu lie contri butes largely to the evil adversary lie pays 110 - attention to good advice he gives great heed . IT 1_ - to the devil he will never go to llcucen he < must go where lie will receive the just recorn pense of llrictinl." t I THE NEXT CONGRESS. t The character and antecedents of a majority , of the Representatives elect to the next Cou[ gres.s, are such as to excite feelings of the deep innfi.lioiici/ui in tln> 1><Kailll of , v.-t .....x.v.jr, ...... ..rl every true friend of the Cuion. The triumph t of the Fusion party in the Northern elections, resulting as it did in the prostration of nearly all the Conservative and National men from that section of the 1'nion, and the substitution of Fanatics of the worst type, has impressed a character upon the next Congress which bodes no ?;ood for the peace of the country and the country and the perpetuity of our Government. t For the first time in the history of our Government, bitter and unrelenting hostility to the Institutions of the South, has been made the leading and in most instances sole issue in the Northern elections, and for the ilrst time a | majority of the popular branch of the Natiou i al Legislature, is composed of men who owe their elevation to avowals of bitter hatred to the Domestic Institutions of the people of nearly one half of our Confederacy. Should the J Fanatics who now constitute a majority of the 1 | House of Keproseutativcs, endeavor to redeem ? the pledges which they made to their Constituents, and to which their election is due; should they attempt to repeal the NebraskaKansas Dill, blot out the Fugitive Slave Law I from the .statute Rook, and apply tlie pnnciy | pies of the Wilmot Proviso to all the territory y ( of the Union, it is .safe to predict from the pres I cut temper of the public mind, that a storm will be raised, which will shake the Union to its very foundations. We rejoice to believe that the day of Suuth ern Concessions is forever past. Too long have ? we submitted to the arrogant and domineer ing spirit of the North. If the Institutions > of the South are worth preserving, it is full r time that we had made up our miuds to meet s the issue forced upon us by the North, in a i spirit of bold and determined resistance. We feel that we have reason to cougratulate ourselves that the next phase of the Slavc ry question will be such as to preclude atemporizing and merely palliative policy. If the 11 ! Representatives of the North attempt to carry s out the measures to which they stand commita ted, they will present issues which the South - must prepare to meet with a bold and deter mined spirit. The repeal of the Nebraska - Rill and the Fugitive Slave Law, and the ap? plieatiou of the Wilmot Proviso to all the ter ritory of the Union are measures which admit 1 of no compromise. The interest and honor of 1 the South, demand that they should be resisted, at all hazards and to the last extremity.? i While therefore the agitation of these ques1 tious by the next Congress is well calculated " to excite anxiety in the public mind, still it is 1 gratifying to know that the issue has at last f been fully made up and that its final settlc incut is probably not far distant. It is time " that agitation on this subject should cease. If - Fanaticism is stronger in the Northern mind . ibnnl.-.rnnf the Union, let the North make l0 j When Massillon ascended the pulpit on th< J.: death of Louis XIV, he contemplated for i jt moment the impressive spectacle?the chape it draped in black?the magnificent mausoleun o- raised over the bier?the dim but vast apart i. ment filled with the trophies of the glory o ii- the monafch, and with the most illustriou n- persons in the kindom. He looked down 01 Ii- the gorgeous scene bcueath, then raised hi ;h arms to heaven and said in a solemn, subduci of tone, /cms, J)i\u mill cat ynnnl h With one impulse all the audience arose, tui th ncd to the altar reverently bowed, us When Dr. Ilusscy preached at Waterford ;h ou the small numl er of the elect, he askci ce whether if the arch of heaven were to open as and the Son of Man should appear to judg ig his hearers, it were "quite certain that thre z- ?that two?nay, trembling for myself as wel or as for you, is it certain that one of us," he ex ry claimed in a voice of thunder, "would be sa ? ...?J V + V* rrrVi/vl/i nf fVi w rvncf rnr*Vi n rC ^ CU L/Ul iU^ LHU IT UVlV/ Vi iiiio itj^vuvtv^/*iv of the audience was agonized. At the ultiuiafc jy interrogation, there was a general shriek an< if some fell to the ground. 11- B. Brioaine, a Freuch Missionary, and th< ie peer of the most renowned orators of that elo le qucnt nation, preached a sermon at Bagnolc to At the end of it lie lifted up his aruis an< p- cried in a loud voice, Oh ! Eternity! At th to third repetition of this awful cry, the whoi or party fell on their knees. During three days if consternation pervaded the town. In the pub of lie places, young aud old were heard crying a i- loud, Mercy 1 0 Lord, Mercy. Punctuation Puzzle.?The followinj ii- paragraph, extracted from the Portland Tran is sr-vinf. is a c-nnital illustration of the impori 11 this issue and let the South meet it in a spirit worthy of herself. Final separation is better, - infinitely better than the mere form of Union, s without that spirit of forbearance and uffec tion, which should characterize a sisterhood of 1 sovereign States. O From the National Intelligencer. 1 IIOW TO PRESERVE TEETH. i It is probable that no department of the . healing art is subjected to more frequent abuses f than that relatiug to the treatiueut of the teeth, s and all intelligent persons should know that i no practiscr of that specially can be safely s trusted whose characterand professional stand1 ing are unkuown to them I would callatten tion to the subject becaus. of having heard of wrtoont nliiKPs nrapfiMnd in tins citv, Tbr? fpptb - J. should never be cleaned by other than Mimr/m, leal means. Any chemical agent that will i act upon the tartar on the teeth will act upon , and destroyed the enamel of the teeth also.? e Hence, although the teeth may be made to c look very white in a mimute or two by the 1 use of acid, they soon become darker than - ever, to be whitened no more, and early de. cay and pain are sure to follow. In cleaning , the teeth by mechanical means the only caue tion to be observed is that they should not be 1 broken nor scratched, and that the tartar shall be so perfectly removed that a smooth e surface shall be left, as upon a rough surface i- there is sure to be a fresh accumulation of tar. tar. To have this done properly it is neces1 sary to obtain the aid of a practised hand, with e appropriate instruments. To keep the teeth e clean, when once made so, a full and soft i, brush should be applied in a rotary manner at i- least once a day, with water not very cold.? As often as once a week prepared chalk may be used for a deDtrifice. When more than this is needed it is best to obtain the assistance * of the dentist. Charcoal, pumice stone, &c. i- wear away the teeth too severely, and, iudes> tructible as the first-named is, it insinuates if itself between the gum and the neck of the i- tooth, which latter, not being covered by enae mel, soon decays when thus exposed. Filling i. and filliug teeth are operations which no one u but an educated dentist should attempt; nor r- will a prudent person ever have a tooth drawn by any other hand if a dcutist is near. If one d is not, then let a handy and firm person, have iug first cut the gum well from the neck, emi brace the tooth as near the root as possible n with a pair of forceps, and extract the tooth e just as he would extract a nail from a piece of e furniture he would not like to injure. For r- such a class of teeth there is a peculiar motion i- in drawing; but these none but the dentist will & be likely to remember. To relieve an aching tooth apply a drop or two of any essential oil or of laudanum, if you can get it into the cavity, or a single drop of creosote, not around' the tooth, in the ent ity; and, having done so, close up the cavity, first with a little cotton and then with a little beeswax. The repeated application of such a remedy will sometimes destroy the sensation of the tooth but more powerful agents for this purpose should be applied by the dentist alone. Even these are sometimes injurious to the mouth, when carelessly applied. Above all, however, never trust your teeth (injury to which can never be repaired) to any person in whose personal integrity and professional skill you have not entire confidence. ALVEOLI'S. BAILEY & CO'S CIRCUS-CASUALTY. I We alluded briefly, on Monday morning, to the occurrence by which Mr. George West, of Bailey & Co.'s circus, lost his life. We Iiuyc siuce learned some additional particulars with regard to the matter. On Saturday morning, when about five miles from Camden, the clephaut belonging to the Company became vicious, and killed a horse which happened to be near mm. rearing that he might reach the other horses aud the cages containing the animals, the first care of the attendents was to destroy the bridge, so as to cut off his approach to them. Mr. West, who, it seems, was accustomed to the management and disposition of the elephant, did not fear him in the least, and judging by his action that he was already subdued, designed punishing him, and thought it unnecessary to secure him for that purpose; but upon his approach, the elephant struck him with his tusks, killing him instantly, and then shook him violently with his trunk. This was witnessed by most of the members of the company, but they were of course unable to render the least assistance. Mr Bailey, one of the proprietors, kuowiug that it would be dangerous to keep an animal so unruly, and fearing the consequence, to cither the company or to visitors of the exhibition, determined to destroy him. The DeKalb Uifle Corps of Camden, commanded by Captain Yillepigue, with a number of citizens, came to the ground aud opened a brisk fire upon him, soon putting out his eyes. By evening it is supposed some hundred and fifty balk had been put into him, but with scarcely any effect beyond blinding him. On Monday morning the fire was renewed, and shortly, with a terrible roar, his life was extinct. Over three hundred bullets had penetrated different parts of his body. His carcass is now lying in a pond near tbe scene of the occurrence, into which he had retreated. The animal was valued at about ten thousand dollars. Mr. "West, who thus met with so melancholly a fate, was, we learn, a native of Genava, New York, and was highly esteemed by botli proprietors and members of the company. He was buried in Camden, with the general sympathy and regret of his associates. Messrs. Bailey & Co. deserve credit for thus sacrificing their property to what they conceived to be the safety of their patrons; aud the circumstance may serve to awaken public regard for their establishment. Columbia Times. The Wheat Crop of 1855.?Every new calculation of the quantity of wheat to be garuered in the United ^States the present year, seems to be on the ascending scale. No one thinks of reducing the sum given by the census takers. In 1850, the amount of the crop is stated officially to have been within a fraction of 100,000,000 bushels. That was a productive year, and the crop of Ohio was nearly 30,000,000 bushels. Mr. Cist, editor of a commercial paper iu Ohio, put down the total this year of that State at 40,000,000, and computes the whole yield of the States and Territories at 185,000,000. Mr. Cist has been for 40 years engaged as a statistican, and places a good deal of confidence in his own figures. lie regards the seven States?Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Missouri?as the chief wheat bearing States, from whence comes all the surplus sent abroad, the others barely producing enough for their own supply, and his calculation is based upon the probable yield in those sections. This mode of computing the supply is not understood, he thinks, by the people in the Atlantic States, and hence they are liable to err in their judgment. With all the high estimates of the harvest, however, prices ore provokingly slow in "coming down." Facts for tiie Curious.?If a tallow can die be placed in a gun, and shot at a door, it will go through withoutsustaining any injury; and if a inusket-ball be fired into water, it will not only rebound, but be fluttened as if fired against a solid substance. A musket-ball may be fired through a pane of glass, making the hole the size of the ball, without cracking the glass; if the glassbe suspended by a thread, it will make nojdifference, and the thread will not even vibrate. In the Arctic regions, when the thermometer is below zero persons can converse more than a mile distant. Dr. Jamieson asserts that he heard every word of a sermon at the distance of two miles. A mother has been distinctly heard talking to her child on a still day across a water a mile wide. Tiie Cotton Crop in Mississippi.?The Vicksburg Whig, of Saturday last, says:? "We have conversed with several planters living in the vicinity during the last week in relation to the growing cotton crop. They are all of the opiuion that the crop will be a short one. They say the late dry weather on the hill lands has caused all the blooms to fall off ?consequently, there is no cotton ' on the stalk only what is nearly matured?therefore, the nickinf? season will soon be over, and the I O # 9 crop a light one. We believe the river lands are all more or less affected in the same way.'C'ovetousness, like a candle ill-made, smothers the splendor of a happy fortune iu its own grease. #a?" A tradesman is never too high to fall, nor too low to rise. Time is a commodity of which the value rises as long as we live.