samx.LwMIm]elt6n, }Proprietors- Ail Independent Journal t -for the Promotion of the Political, Social, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of the South. jiEwis m. gbist, Pnbiaher.
VOL. 1. YORKYILLE, 8. C., AYEDXESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1855. NO. 39.
From the Charleston Standard.
ON THE BATTLE OP KING'S MOUNTAIN.
Once pale Freedom, broken hearted, sank 'neath j
For thi' light had now departed that o'er Moultrie's !
And the sons who fought so bravely on her war-polluted
Now had fallen, and in triumph waved the Briton's
From Catawba's lock-b ntnd streamlet to vine-b j
And where K listo's waters runneth downward to the
Where through rich corn-waving meadows floweth
on Saluda's tide.
An l where dark and turbid Santoe through the dreai-.I.
J V SWunips uvm guise.
Traitor sor.s and tyrant foemnii over-ran the bleeding
(C in it ho that none are willing in their country's 1
cau*e to stand ?t
Like a cloud that wraps the mountain, hiding all its ,
firm from sight.
So wa- freedom covered over, and seemed wrapped
in endless night.
But. though hidden, still wa* hurning Liberty's old
i Though the cloud* hide it. yet the Mountain stand- .
cth umler them the same, i?
Heai t- they were that yet heat holdlv, though Hope,
sii kened, seemed to fly.?
'Jhev were ready lor their country, though to serve
her was to die.
'1 lu-e were not the pale-faced dwellers in the crowdo
I. busy town,
B !* the keen-eyed, strong-armed hunters?rnvevs
through the woodlands brown.?
Like tli.ir..ld wild mountain sires, came the\ downward
to the fight:
L'.herty looked up. and beauteous gleamed her eye
with ?tern delight.
Woithy son* of Gallic father ?men who for their
t'a.th had died?
And of those whose \iones wore whitening on tlie ;
Grampian'* heathy *ide :
Some themselves had felt the pressure of the tyrant's
for these to yield the freedom they endured so
much to gain.
Men like- these no arms could conquer: fierce re-olved
beamed every eye :
Slaughtered fathers,mother?, brothers, seemed 'neath
tyrant* ?w?,.rds to die. I
Onward came to the battle like the looming thunder
Steele I each arm. each strong heart nursing thought*
of vengeance deep and loud.
Bravely rushed they to the condict. like the wave
the =torm before : :
Like the wave the shove has broken, back returned
and formed once more:
Driven backward, pressing forward. fought they till
the crimron field
Thick wa- strewn with slaughtered focmeu. who at j
la*t were forced to yield.
Then, fair Freedom, came the dawning of thy sun. ,
o'er vale and hill.
C nixing through our wide-spread country every patriot
heart to thrill.
And incrcaseing shone more brightly, till from off our
England's armies driven homeward, left u< to return
r n Tv
L. I.. 1/.
.. .... _ . i
From the .Spartanburg Express.
POLITICIANS ANDTHE CHURCHES.
Ye "heap your dust ou <piick uiul deatl."
Hon. L. M. Klitt, Oraugeburg, S. C.
Sir : The liiaiutenance of the cause of truth
and righteousness frequently imposes on men
unpleasant duties. The application of this
fact to the ease before me, I will now state?
In common with thousauds of delighted citizens,
I had the pleasure of listening to the
add losses delivered at the complimentary dinner
giveu recently in this village to Cel. Orr.
the worthy representative of this Congressional
District. When, that day, I took the position
of hearing, nothing could have becu further
from in} mind thau the duty which now
devolves upon me?that of calling your attention
and that of the public, to certain statements
made in your speech. Had yo.* confined
yourself to politics proper; or as an episode.
had you been content with the humane
act of interring decently the remains of the
supposed defunct know nothing organization,
you never should have hoard from me. With
matters of that sort I have nothing to do. In
the lamruage, however, of the ''deathless
Shakspi: re"?and I quote from him as a compliment
to yourself and your honored compeers,
for 1 noticed that, several of you drew ,
largely from his rich treasures?in his language.
I say, yo neaped your dust on quick
m?il doml In other words, vour statements
respecting the Presbyterian ami the Episcopal
churches, as regarded their alledged connection
with abolitionism, although wholly without
intention on your part to do them injustice
or injury, consigned their now strong and compact
organizations to a speedy dissolution, if
not an infamous grave.
Von will not understand me to deny cither
the right or the propriety of referring publicly
to the Church, in any of its aspects, conditions
or heal ings, even in political speeches.?
It was your right. The church also plants her- j
self boldly before the world, and invites?nay I
challenges investigation of her character, her i
condition and her works. What I regret is
that you h;ul not informed yourself more ful- '
ly of the facts in relation to the churches uf
which you spoke. And what I complain of is, i
that your stanients, uncorrected, place those
churches iu a false light before the world,
and thus do them great injustice* and injury, j
lu support of }our arguineut iu favor of a i
Southern organization, you pronounced the
whole mass of the population north of the sla- ;
very limits, with the rarest exceptions, ? thur- 1
oiujhly' ami /tojjchis/j/ abo/itiuui .<<//" stated
that their conversation, their teachings, their j
books, and their nursery lullabies, wcro nil (
deeply imbued with those execrable sentiments
?that, iu cousequeoce of this state of things, ,
divisou had taken place, years ago, in the Me- ;
thodist and Baptist churches?that the l'resbyteriau
and tho Episcopal churches were in a j
state of deep agitation, were indeed on the i
very eve of division, and that division was inevitable
Now, while I freely admit that the fanatical
element in that region is large, that portions
of it are so far gone that no reasonable
hope can be entertained respecting them; and
while T agree with you that their spirit and
course of action are highly censurable, T dissent
wholly from your inferences, as to what
must be the inevitable result of' their fanatical
course ; and I protest against the occupancy, '
on the above-named churches, of the position j
in which your statements would place them.? j
Von spread out before your hearers those loathsome
masses, and represent them as hLouih/i'iiij
iijimHi/ iii all th< rhan/ii.<. But the Baptist j
ami Methodist churches, years ago, cut loose
fi'i'hi fJitir fnn'th*u of those contaminating
hordes, anil, of course, have, ever since, stood
forth before the world, purged, commendable
and glorious; while the Ihvshyterian and Kpiscopal
churches arc still ii> tin nil inns < <?/tart,?stiil
fraternizing, or striving to do *.>,
with those on whom politicians?not always
very fastiduous in their moral tastes?spit only
venom, and from whose touch their purer
spirits instinctively recoil !! This, sir, is the
position in which you have placed us !
Now, in relation to those divided churches,
f say, blessings on them in their deed ! Tlu v
chose their own course?had a perfect right
to do so?acted no doubt from conscientious
motives?pursued the only course, which, as
they supposed, could be taken. We took a
different course: and. as T shall show, r m-lfl
tin SI I )!>!', It llllt II ///'</ ill si i'll till i'i sill?.
As regards also the Kpiseopal Church, 1
have, in the above mentioned respect, nothing
to say. Its proper tie ton tiers will guard its
honor. Hut as a minister of the Presbyterian
church located also on the ground upon which
you spoke, and in the midst of the community .
before which your statements were made. I
consider it incumbent un me?due also to
yourself?to state the facts as they are, respecting
said churehes; and thus afford you an
opportunity of placing yourself ritrht with //?/>
community, and al>o before the Churches at
large in the South.
As loner ago as 1S:>7, the IYe*h\t rian
Church commenced it* reform, and made its
division?not by a sectional liue, hut in relation
to <fociDtif I'Jti'i'ih '</ '/'/ ?separating
at one time a large portion of that lose,
floating, fanatical element to which you have
referred. Since that period our duty, as recard?
that nutter, has been easy and generally
pleasant. Here and there a lew obstreperous
spirits for a time remained. Most of these
have since gone oil*?some in one direction,
some in another?thinking themselves holier
than we. Others a little fractious. have, under
r-ou-.'rvative influences, been restrained. Thus
has the process of reform g no on, until now
?aye, and for years past we have, as a church
beeu wholly free from agitation on that -ul?jeet,
not only in the meetings of our < I moral
Assembly, but. so far as I know, in all the
subordinate indicators! The fires within have
died out for want of combustible material :
and all attempts to introduoe firebrands, from
without have so signally failed, that agitators
have abautlooed the hopeless task.
There are two points to which vol gave
great pmtuiueuee in your speech: 1st. The
imminent danger, nay the certain ruin to
Southern minorities whenever Northern majorities
obtained the >way. 2nd. The utter impossibility
of Southern men holding any -ort
of fraternal intercourse with men on the other
side of the line! Well. I do not know what
you politicians may find possille or impossible:
but vour state meets have led me to look narrowly
into this matter?a> I wished to he prepared
to meet the danger should there beany
?and cuf ofFali intercourse, should it be found
at once hypocritical and dishonorable.?lint
on turniug the historonic pages, I. find 1st.
That so tar as the Presbyterian Church is lucerne
1. we at the South have /."m tli< nr.<t
ftrru m ti'ir iiiiih>i'it/j 211(1. It appears from
the minutes of the Ceueral Assembly that our
present Synods?thirty in all. "ulij fn-. hr o,-?
Ill t/l s/lil'l Stiff' *, Illi'J "lb "till l' IS l/ll'll/' lf
III/ till' III" .
Of the one hundred and forty-eight Presbyteries,
only jifty eh/lit belong to the South !
Moderators of the Assembly have the appointing
most of the Committees'?consequently they
have great power over all the business transactions.
There have been sixty-seven meetings
of our General Assembly, and each had
its own Moderator, hut of these sixty-seven
Moderators, only <i:/ht><n have been from the
South ! All this looks very alarming in view
of your recent picture 1 hut yet it is also true.
3d. That instead of being overrun and driven
out of the Church?they of the North having
more than double our strength?hnrr, ,r!th
the ahi "t <i"ii<l tiii'ii ainI fi'iti' mi thi' "tin e sii/i' l
"f t/ii' Hue, hieii'''/ "'it tin- JaHutu's
As regards fraternal intercourse, I need only
mention the fact, that our General Assembly
is the common bond of union among all the 1
churches. It covers the broad area of the I'nited
States and the territories. The delegation
is in proportion to the uumberand the streugth
of the Presbyteries. There may, then, in any ;
Assembly be twice as many members from the
North as from the South. The meetings of'
the Assembly are held with respect to latitude. '
In 1S">2 it met in Hhnelestou; and never, probably,
was there a more harmonious and perfectly
delighted company of men found on the '
earth. Dr. John C. Lord, of Huffnlo?one of
our strongest defenders against rabid fanati- j
cisui?in the chair, as Moderator. I mingled !
,1. +K/\ ??\AUlK.VI?0 J .4 1 Ml 4 .V
IlJUl/II iliiiuii ' Uiv iuviiiuvi.^ VI mm .wwuiuii.
and I know that their expressions of fraternal i
regard for their brethren of the South, and
their grateful"feeliugs for the warmth of their
reception in that Southern Emporium, were
tuo.st cordial and profound?and that, not only
while they tctre in the South; for I saw in
my cxchauge papers?for 1 was then editoi of,
the Southern Presbytoriau?a large number of
letters published by the members of that Assent- j
bly, in the Northern and Western papers, after
their return home, strongly expressive of j
the same noble sentiments. Even to this day, j
also, there is a tuiuilliar and pleasing correspondence
kept up between many of those mem- I;
bors aud their frieuds by whom they were fn- ;?
tertained iu that city. j ]
Since that, the Assembly has met in Phil:
delphia, in Buffalo and Nashville, in all <
which places there have been the same ha
mony of action, and the same cordiality of si
cial intercourse. I was myself a member i
the Assembly which met in Philadelphia i
1853. There were many delegates from tl
South; and [ deny that any discrimination w:
made against Southern men in that Assembb
I am persuaded also that no members of tli
Assembly from any other part of the count 1
were more cordially received, more respectfu
ly treated, or more kindly entertained by tli
citizens, than were those from the South. T1
same, 1 have been told, was the case at Hu
A member of the Assembly which reeentl
met in Nashville has related to me the follov
i.ig incident, which occurred in that body, i
direct conflict with your statements : An ov<
zealous delegate from 0110 of the Coiigregatioi
al Associations down Mast, being admitted i
the floor as a corresponding: meinber. so far lb
got his whereabouts as to undertake to lectin
tlie Southern members upon their sins an
duties !" Instantly a dozen or more Xorthei
members sprang to their feet, each eager i
cast the tirst stone at him. And among then
tin y gave him very much such a letting dow
as the old man did to the young intruder wlmi
lie found robbing his orchard. '-Most ham
soundy and ably," says my informant, "Wei
the Southern members defended by their Nortl
ern brethren, without the neccssityofa Souil
ern man saying a w >rd?onli men as l?
Hoard man of J'hiladclrtia. l>r. iMunont of}
York, and l>r. lliee of St. Louis, takinu tl
lead in the defence!"
Instead, then, of its being true that we i
the South are in danger of being ovcrpowere<
and ilriven out by these avalam-hes of abolitioi
of which you spoke in so earnest admonition, tl
fact is, we have put them when' they deserv.
til 1 hi I..1 llj. t its!!./.- .rl. '.l. .III,.I </ , !/
irit/iin ; have swept tlmm from our whole av
na ; :m< 1 there they will he compelled to st:
?not a fragment of that wisturhim.r t-h inei
left r<> annoy! Instead ol'eoa.-eh.*.? ami inn
vTable dis>ensions, as you stated?w.- haw /.
f. t j,. a-. .' Insteaii of impending; and iiu-v
table division, nn.-uch (liiuir i> even in thedi
tanoe contemplated. Indeed n-. /,,,r.
llhllllt O'h l.'/l I itlll /' t'l I 'lltl lit ' lll'lll.. Sll
are briefly the facts in relation to auitatim
fraternization and tin* prospects of division.Rut
there are other facts.
The Principal r< liui'-us new-j-a;.- r of ni
d< nomination i puldished in i'hiladeljihia a
lame and ably eonduevd paper called tl
Presbyterian." That paper i> now in tl
2"?th \earot its aae. It circular"* throne lea
the Hinted States. It is one of the nio-t a
-creative and reliable paper* in th w ?rl'l.
have never vet seen in it an infected artiel
nor one in any other way offensive to the
We have also a iml,//<///,>./ > / ihli.hm.,,
called the Hoard of Publication.
The members of the Hoard arc elected fro
year to year by the whole t ienoral As-etnbl
The Majority of the members are always \ortl
ern men. < bir Publishing House is also i
Philadelphia?within that vast region wltetn
you have supposed uothin.tr "clean" et uM ?*v?
issue. The publications of that Hoard ainoui
now to about live hundred different works.Lartro
and repeated editions of many of the!
have been for several years -eaftered all ov?
our country. They ciuhraee a vast variety '
subjects, and are adapted to persons of all ela
ses, characters and condition.'?tracts, chi
dreii's books, and ' nursery lullabies" fonnin
no inconsiderable portion of their issues! An
yet, -ir. if you can point out a single parajrrap
in any oik-of them which directly or indirect!
incalculatcs abolition sentiments, you can tl
what it is believed the whole South has thus f:
been unable to do! Indeed, it was ppei.-el
on these grounds that the Simon Pares." wl:
lew constitute the "Free Synod" of the Wcs
left us. (>ur Assembly was rinn jis (libralt;
;!Li'.-iiii.st their seductions and assaults; and'//'
ntii/ii j f,iir linn'' of thru' /a n( xti'riim.i thron>)
"HI/ of till III'I >'.<<.V '// rlflli r tlir A<n tuhli/ or ti
St/no,h. They left: and fur tin; ' reformation
of the rest of mankind, they are now doin
tlieir own publishing.
With little if any <|tialilieation. I believe tin
the same may be said of the millmns of bool
published bv the American Sunday Sehot
I'liion, the American Tract Society, and tli
Kpiseopal Church?ay, and of their newsp;
pers and children^' papers also, whieh hav
an immense circulation. And yet all theseai
published north of the line. Indeed, near]
all our books, of every kind, come from fit
North, ha rye, then, as is the mass of rabi<
fanatical publications, vastly greater is tli
strength, and incomparably more numerous ai
the works of those millions who have not bov
ed the knee to the modern Hani. Nor do 1 ;
jrree with you. that in regard to any of the.'
matters is there anything pmtentious of
worse state of things in future. So far as th
()ld School (Icueral Assembly is concerned, th
South may h:tve the fullest confidence in il
future character and action. For not only ai
its spirit and its principles thoroughly consei
vativcj but it i-< "// j/tjici'sf'tif it# rcf/iit'tls ttfiii
it/ in /c> f/t 'tltf Of SH/t/ti fSS flltlllttt'iSltl Of f.ffO
t/f icJ'uf' cc/' /? #?</, ttf umU f v'lidlt vt f tinmt'.?
And so determined have its members beer
that agitation on vexed and fruitless subject
should be excluded, that they have in sever?
instances broken off all correspondence wit
prominent foreign bodies with which they foi
merly held intercourse, on account of their al
tempts to cast firebrands among our cburelic?
or distract ourecclcsiaslical councils. The Xei
School Presbyterian Church, a large and \\
spec-table body of christians, is also, from yea
to year, becoming stronger and more united
Their approach is steadily toward the positio
which we occupy. Its mixture of uucongeni
al foreign elcmeuts is working oil'. Their ten
dency is to greater compactness and order. I
their last General Assembly their action wa
decidedly conservative; aud, so far as 1 know
satisfactory to their membership in the South
Even as regards that body there is less proba
bilily of division than there was years ago.
No one, it seems to me, can doubt the con
servative spirit of the Episcopal Church. It i
one of the last bodies iu which we should cs
pect to liud iaiiuticisiu of the rabid stripe o
'* which you spoke. "Order" and "unity" have b
^ ' ever been their boast. And so far as \ can ii
r" learn, no division on the subject of slavery has '1
l,_ been anticipated, or is likely ever to occur.? j a
Hut those several bodies, taken collectively, \ t<
11 constitute a well ordered conservative phalanx j li
10 j of prodigious strength. And they are actua- n
,s ted by a spirit which will neither flag in duty d
j nor suffer itself to be overborne. > o
10 j Thus, sir. have T, as in duty bound, laid the r<
j j facts respecting these severe points briefly be- t<
'* fore you; and hoping that it will meet your ti
lc . approval, \ shall, through tlic press, present n
1(3 them to the Southertr.public. u
, ft is due to all parties concerned that this i a
: should be done. Facts and investigations are g
what good men always desire. It affords uic u
k'" ] unfeigned pleasure to be able in tlicse-tlisjoint-1 b
" i ed times to present so gratifying a picture.? j o
'r Audi doubt not that yourself and all other ! a
. true patriots will rejoice with us, whose battle j IV
have been fought and won, and whose peaec j w
r* now is like the placid lake. Vou politicians w
v know best what can be done in the pel it val \
(1 world: but until I sluill indulge tho pleasing' *
11 hope that you may y?-t be aide to adopt and t?
t,J carry out tin* principle on which wc have act- a
'> od?im! nf iln'i hiii/. Iiiill! i'ii f'i i/iini' f'lni- n
" ,<f i / // / ii Hi, Hilii iii ill! i'ii/ fi'hnl llilil'i /' l/linir >1'III I S(
jihit I lil 11 i'r i / !l i'i i II' .' ' ll
i- Very respectfully. &c., tl
|,(1 Washington 1> vini?. b
'1* Sparl.mbnrir. September Id, 1 ^I,
I* - ?<*?- t
1*. l-'iMin tin* lti<-1iin**n<l Kv iiiiiiicr. I
THE POSITION OF THE SOUTH. ' *
We are no political alarmists. It accords '
much more with our led in us to anticipate a
I briulit than a clouded future. Hut. as faith- V
I'ul .sentinels upon a Soutbeni watehtower. we 11
mav not now proclaim that All is well." I p10
% i t
j oil the otjicr band, we have every reason ! be.
licVe that trouble is ahead. Omens of evil
import thielieu around lis. \\'e may be upon '
the eve of ureal events The heuiiminu of 1
the end may be at hand. W lien :: danuer is ^
, to lie met, it is Well to be toivwurued and forearmed.
We know there are uiaiiv uood men
among us who depreeat? all diseiission of the
catastrophe which may be impeiidinu over ?*. .
and Would fain silence o\vrv Southern toiiuue
' / that speculates in.on ,'!;e possible or probable 1
"ll . *
j>itas-s whieli tin unltrlv war of Northern lanataei.-m
may her-aft- r assume. We have no
ureal respect li.r tin* political wis'Iom of -iicli.
! is wise and it is man!'* to look a thr atenli"
i it >*' i i -
11. ; niiUiv rii iMiv :ii ii.' -ace : :in<i ne is an tin.
-ale adviser in privilli? a.* in publie matter.- \vln>
" > iii>- eve* ( > ev u*v -i.-ia'ct of the .lit 11 r?1
" \v!iii*li !<? - n..i fniiij)!'1! with hi- ehcrishcd
t! , a
Till* present j.? >itiuii i tin- lawn, |iti*-1! iii *
: u_ofive ..1' > !. iiH'.ii t?? every juitritit J
in tin- It.ml. Ii is vain ami i.il?? ti; attempt to
1 -uncial th?' tact tliat til.* I tiioii is in imminent V
peril. Vv i ili? not mean to -top here to pro- |J
test our ili'Votioii to til.- I iii<iii. We have a- '
voivil our position fn'jueiitiy ami recently; 11
ami \\>' have attesteil our Miicefiiy hy subinis- "
!'" sion to ami acouieseeiiee in wroiio. uutil suh111
j 1 | 1 ?l
minion Jim! acijitifs Mint h:i\v t (<> m* \ 11 tiles.
We are tree to - iy that there are some
1 things far dearer to us than the I'liion?ami a- 1
" luoliif llmse thillWe reckon tile objects tor '
# w t# ^ w I;
which that I'liion wa.- < -tabiishcd. When it
1 "eoines a]'['aretit tnai those oujccts tire not
to he aeeolnjiii.-lie'l wit.lill the t llioll. wo shall
1 look tor tin-in out *1 W Ion lite spirit ol "
tii" I niuu has departed. ami mtiv imt lie re- ''
1 # 1 *?.. (i
vi veil. we will have lilt!" r. vcivtice tor its t'orin. '
I:i these views we are itajipv to helieve ihat a '
J* vast majority of our S .iitliern hrethren heartilv
eoiieur. It was ft'-liioiitihle. soimi years
v since, to speak of the I nloii as ;t subject upon ^
the Value of which ii was criminal to -peculate. '
I In a blind adoration of a form of jiovcrniueiit, ^
' the objects ior which ail uoveruuieiits tire estublishcd
were icnored and Ibruotteii. The 11
t. .. j n
manic ot a name lias potency upon masses no
II | less ihtin upon love sick individuals. .Mankind
J ; are prone to indciitifv tliinirs with the names ''
'' with which they become associated. Thus,
under monarchical instiiutiuus, loyalty is deem- j
ed the sviionvnie of virtue, and the era/.v fan
tr W- .i* W....1 ,1... i l'
illlL'i&ii! ui iiiu ir? mirvu u^ivu ui\.
error of rotdioning libity, the equivalent ??f
,f happiness. Names inure than tilings have im- 11
kj peded the advance of civilization. The idea
, we would express is happily embodied in tho.se
" beautiful lines of Moor.*:
Itcbcl'.inn?fniil. irinjr w?r?I?
e . Willie wroiightful hlijflit v? <<li lias "tainc! ''
; The holiest cause thai imiguc ??r >woj-i| ol
Y , Of mortal ever h.st ?>r eaino'l. (|
' i Unw many a spirit horn to li!e?s.
' Ifsis sunk beneath that withering name.
1) Whom but a day's, an hour's sueccs-. t<
0 Had wafted tocternai fame. |,
e The history of the world is lull to overflow- aj
1 injr of the records of civil convulsions and re- tj
i- volutions, which miyrbt have been, and would Co
e have been, cheeked in the outset, but for the j<
a incubus of a name, against which foresight and a]
e i wisdom struggled for t!m right in vain; and \]
ej if this l uiou is to be severed, the annals of y;
:s America will record another. ft is simply a,
e ; .absurd to suy that the value of I lie I nioti is not tj
r- to be calculated, if it be of any worth, ex- t)
i'- amiuuliou and reflection will but enhance the j,]
/ ; estimate in which we hold it. If it he not? ,,,
- if it may not stand such test?it is puerile to ^
i, maintain it. We would cherish and inculcate in
:s as high a reverence for the I 'nion as any one, -m
4 * '
d but that reverence must always be subordinate
h 1 to loyalty to its principles and proportioned to ],;
- the fidelity and success with which it pursues 0f
t- and attains the objects for which it is estab- e>
;, lished. Had the reverence fur the l.'nion been
iV more rational in the past, this anti-slavery agi- C(
:- tation would have been crushed in the bud- to
r ding, and the perils which now encompass our tli
I. path would have been never known. The fail
tal error of the Missouri Comprouiise?"the
i-, source of all our woes"?was coiuiuittcd under in
i- j the spell of that delusion which elevated the fo
n Union of the States above the Rights of the , F
s Stales, and induced au acquiescence by the ai
South to maintain the Union in the repuJiai.
tion of the principles for the guarantee of, hi
i- which the Union was chiefly deemed of value j 01
by the frauiei's. llad the statesmen of that day ! rc
i- been able to appeal to a peopc who had calcu- j h<
s latcd the value of the Union, the seeds of its Ic
ultimate disruption had never been sown. 1)1
if The people of the South, have beeu taught hi
y recent events to divest themselves of the bat
iicubus which has oppressed them hitherto. rou
'lie value of the Union has been calculated, rea
nd is, we believe, more intelligently estiina- ^ie
2d now, than at any previous period of our ma
istory. The gratuitous war which has been W1(
lade upon our interests and our rights has in- C0l]
uccil serious reflection and close examination cou
f our institutions and our resources. And the *'?ri
L'sult of that examination has been effectually
) dispel the delusion that the Union is csscn- na(
al to our safety and our happiness. We do nal
ot underestimate its value ; we do not cxtenate
the atrocious crime of its disruption; but 1
n intelligent appreciation of the bountiful os^
ifts whicli a kind Providence lias bestowed
pon us and ours, relieves us from the appro- 1110
elision that a political necessity devolves up- ^ie
11 us submission to any ami every outrage of !/"1
despotic and inimical majority. The South
jels and knows, at last, that, if driven to the Cbp
all, she may work out a glorious destiny, %
itliout the co-operation of faith-breaking ^
'ankce commoiiwcalths. It is well that it is
1 1.1 1. . ? 11 :i*
?, iiuu u v?uuiu ue wen u mil .muuiuiii run- ,
miporaries would impress upon their readers ! J
similar ennvietion. There is still in the ! daj
lasses of the American people enough of con- j pre
I'rvatisni and of loyalty to constitutional oh-; rcn
rations to arrest the abolition movements of! cir<
lie day, if the people of the North could only j ins;
e roused from those slumbers of fatal sceuri- die
y in which the fanatics of one section, and the ' od
imid conservatives of another, unite to lull j tiai
hem. There never has been a time when the ; by
tern resolve and determined purpose of the j but
biuth was half as suirjrestivo of united and I for
larmoiiious action, From quarters whence it nra
ras least expected, we are continually ad- per
noiiishcd of a deep-seated indignation in the. j an)
nass of the Southern body politic which be-t we:
. kens the eoniiiitr storm. ITiderstieh eirenin-1
taiiees it is treason to the best interest of the i pin
icople of this country to suppress or conceal ha?
lie truths of which we speak. That man who i pre
onteiits himself just now with eulogies of the 1 su<
niuii. ivtnoi in;r the^ereat and practical ipies- rat
i>ui <if the day, whether, valuable as it is, it is am
f eivatcr value than peace, security and ju>- ' the
ice, i< the most daiiirerous, if lie he the most j of 1
ntiocciit. enemy of the l uioii. Let him dep- j am
ccatc as lie mav what he mav deem a morbid loo
ciisitiveucss upon this subject ; that does not wh
Iter the fact, and it is a more promising, as in
t is a niuie patriotic work, by disseminating
lie truth, to stay the hand of Northern ajrurcs- ro
imi>, than it is to suppress the uiit burst of that thi
uiuthcrii sentiment which years uf persistent tor
rruiitr and out nitre have provoked and foster- pr<
d. The history of the world presents no par- ow
llel to this abolition crusade. Without pro- j 1113
oeatiou and without reason, in defiance of ed
ili-jhteil faith and constitutional obligation we Kit
lave lieeti haras-ed ami annoved, out ratted and kn
wintred. IliL'h spirited and brave as our eoi
ii'njile have always demonstrated themselves
a be, they have preferred to acijtiicse and sub- tin
lit. rather than to sunder the political ties tor
ritJi wliieh the traditions of the past and the ' rio
ledges of a written Constitution united them but
ml their assailants. Hut the ultima thuh of. a its
egression has been reached. Trout one c.\- tin
reiuity of the South to the other, euiues up at to I
ist, thank hcavon. the uladdenintr cry: "Thus
ir. but no farther !" for
The approaching session of Congress is look- abi
d to with anxious interest. Tor the lirst risr
into in the history of our t loverntneiit. the oft
opular branch of Congress is under undispu- bei
d Abolition control. We have no doubt that tint
ilis to repeal the Tuiritivc Slave Law, to a- ..
olish slavery in the District of Columbia, and itsc
i restore the Missouri restriction to the Ter- cut
itories of Kansas and Nebraska, will pass that de
odv without difficulty. The Senate is still froi
uc to the Constitution and the Tnioii, but bou
ow lon-r it will remain so, is a question of and
loineiikius interest. The Abolitionists may his
ot succeed in enacting these oiFensive mea- die
ares of legislation. The Tuiritivc Slave Law of \
: <o far as nine out of ten fugitives are eon- for
L'r.ued, of no value. A disloyal people, by . son
arra.-^uteiit.s and annoyances, practically nttlliits
provisions. And so, too, in reference
) Kansas and Nebraska. Slavery exists in
te former, and a Congressional interdict may ,jUr
ot exclude it; but were Kansas prepared for Mm
dniission into the 1'nion, would it be accord- c"u
il her Certainly not by the Congress which Wus
i about to be convened. May we anticipate Ki"
utter things from its successor ' We would .
lin hope that Wentav; but if we may not, who MU(
I Sniillinrn iik.ii . 1.. *1.1^ . .i- lti.il it... I \V
i i "hi 111, i ii (ii% ii '?'? i I/I.-I ??? i?.^i Hi? iiitu IIIV;
ooni of the (.'nion is sealed ?
I poll tiiis subject we disclaim ail disposition Wul
? make party capital. We do not distrust the :t ^
ivalty of our own people to the institutions i attl
ml the rights of the .South. With the excep- u'."
on of a few leaders here and there, we have k,,c
rery confidence in the disposition of our polit- vcr,
al adversaries to unite with us in exacting ; 1
i?l maintaining our rights, ff a collision be i 'lua
icvital.de, we believe that Whig and Know- ',a(J
othing blood and treasure will flow as freely .
i our own, and we deprecate, upon this <jucs- i ",lu
on, everything that is calculated to draw par- uut*
' lines among our people. There were tories W01'
i the Revolution, as there are submissionists Wc
jiv. The mother country committed the wa)
reat mistake of imagining them strong enough VvC
i numbers and in influence to paralyze the 1)0,1(
in of resistance j and, if the hour of trial
:er comes, New England will lind that she om"
is committed a similar mistake. The hearts ''
all our people, with but few contemptible > "
cceptious, beat in the right place ; and howrer
they may deprecate a collision, when it!
.inrtc x*-ill V'lllv ill -in lliKl'i.L'rin lill;it:iliv . at 1
i maintain the institutions and the rights of ''
to South. . J'et
? ? ? i it he
jjbaf The lion. A. H. Stevens, of tleorgia, \ 'I ?
i a recent address at a meeting in Alexandria, '
ir the benefit of the Orphan Asylum and "
ree School of that city, related the folluwing bee
iccdotc : j last
'A poor little boy, in a euld night, with no I to.
ame or roof to shelter his head, no paternal (l
p maternal guardian or guide to protect or di- mot
set him on his way, reached at nightfall the i '
ouse of a rich planter, who took him in, fed, thii
>dged, and sent him on his way with his poo
leasing. These kind attentions cheered his hitt
eart, aud inspired him with fresh courage to | nig
tie with the obstacles of life. Years rolled
ind?Providence led him on, and he had
ched the legal profession ; his host had died;
i cormorants that prey on the substance of
11 had formed a conspiracy to get from the
low her estates. She sent for the nearest
insel to commit her cause to him, and that
msel proved to be the orphan boy, years bee
welcomed and entertained by her deccashusband.
The stimulus of a warm and teiious
gratitude was now added to the ordi y
motive conuected with the profession.?
undertook her cause with a will uot easi;o
be resisted; lie gained it; the widow's
itos were secured to her in perpetuity; and,
Stephens added, with an emphasis of cfinn
linf uorif nn ^lr>/>fxin tlirill thrniiodwilfc
house, "that orphan hop stands be/ore
THE MAGICIAN OF EGYPT.
'v-ypt swarms with magicians now, as in the
s of Moses; nor <lo the practitioners of the
sent day bring any discredit upon their
owned ancestors, thus furnishing strong
I'umstantial evidence of the truth of the
pired narrative. So wonderful arc the proios
they perform, that they have been deemworthy
of grave recital in works on Kgyp11
life and manners, and been vouched for
authors as things which they saw and heard,
: which they neither explain nor account
. And some of them not only witness these
rvellous things, but actually learned how to
form thcui, and yet were unable to give
explanation, only that the}' did as they
re told, and the result followed.
There is a branch in their hidden art, emved
to bring hidden things to light, which
> been practised with startling effect. In the
icess, various mummeries are gone through,
h as writing certain words on paper, sepaing
and arranging them, burning coriander
1 frankincense, and making diagrams, in
i midst of all which is deposited a few drops
black ink, which is called the magic mirror,
1 into which a boy, selected at random,
ks intently, and sees any thing concerning
ich you desire information, posting you up
relation to it to your heart's content.
Two of the British Consuls, residing a Caisitccossively,
have published the results of
ir own observations in relation to the mut.
gravely testifying that, having used every
caution against imposition, making their
n .-.election of the boy who was to reveal the
stories of the magic mirror, they propound<|uestion.s
to him concerning matters iu
igland. which it was impossible for him to
ow anything about, and received answers
responding with facts in every instance.
Until were incredulous before instituting
>ir inquiries; both repeated their interrogaies
a number of times, and put them in vans
tonus, in relation to various subjects.
: always with the same result; the correct
;wer being invariably given, and both conned
incredulous still, and yet thus testiiicd
fliis beats our own clairvoyants a long way,
the latter only bit the mark occasionally?
nit as often as one would naturally guess
lit. I did not myself put the pretensions
these professors of the black art to the test,
ng satisfied, as T said, with the demonstrais
forced upon me in the street,
fugglery, iu all its various forms, developes
If as the natural born offspring of such parace.
Among innumerable feats of the jugr
here, be allows himself io be searched
n head to foot, and then submits to be
itid up in a sack, which has been searched,
1 from which he very complacently makes
exit, holding in one hand a lighted can,
and in the other a plate of sweetmeats,
vliieh the.spectators partake, and iu return
which they are expected to throw him
WHY HE DIDN'T PLAY.
No, I don't play on any instrument," said
friend, Tom Pringlo, in answer to our
stion. "To tell the truth, 1 became disr.tged
by a slight misconception, when I
i a young man. I wasn't appreciated, you
nv. and all that sort of tbintr.
'Well, you .see," said lie, in reply to another
sstioii, "it was about twenty years ago, when
as studying law, and my brother was aniedstudent,
that we both fancied we had a
ulerful talent for music. So John bought
ute, and 1 a fiddle, and turning one of the
cs into a study, we practiced there half the
ht through. We didn't want any oue to
>w about it, especially our father, who had
y strict notions as to the value of time; and
liakc him think us usefully employed, I had
ntities ot law books heaped up, and John ;
[ a skull and all sorts of bones scattered
ut. We knew that up in our 'study,' no
could hear us, but lietsv, the housekeeper,
as she was our old c rsc, we felt sure she
dd keep our secret. Oue morning, after
had been whiling the long night hours a- i
r with our music, to our own mutual delight,
came down lute to breakfast, looking, 1 supj,
' You mustn't study too hard, bovs,' said
4 Yes, sir,' said i, gravely.
.Just then Betsy appeared at the doo), and
:ed mysteriously at my mother.
1 Yes, what is it ?' said mother, surprised
letsy's excited manner. 4 What is it Betsy?'
'Well, ma'am, I wish to say, ma'am,'?
sy always spoke in that short, nippingwav,
ill she was what she called 'worked up,'?
uust leave you, ma'am.'
Leave me! why ?' asked mother.
1 Yes ma'am, it's twenty-five years that I've
n with you, ma'am?and it's the boys at
ma'am. I can't stand it, and I aiu't going
It's not Christian-like, ma'am.'
'What have the boys been doing?' asked
'It's Mr. John, ma'am, and sometimes I
ik Mr. Tom helps him. lie's got some
r cretur up stairs, ma'am, and he torments
i awful. He screaks and grouns all the
ht through. It is worse than the heathen.
I've stood it for more nor a week. I didn't
get a wink of sleep last night, and what that v
poor cretur went through was dreadful. I
know they say such things must be done by ^
doctors, but I ain't going to stay where it is,
and I uever thought John was the one to do
" And Betsy gave'my brother a look of withering
? My mother was acute enough to see that
something unusual was going on in our study,
and telling Betsy she would inquire into it, she
dismissed her for the present.
" That was the end of our musical practice,
though not the end of the story, for our father
took care we should not forget it. It was a
long time before we heard the last about 'that
poor cretur up stairs.'"?ATrw York Dutchnum.
EDITING A PAPER.
It is a somewhat curious fact that a vast
number of men who are utterly incapable of
managing their own business or any other,
still think that they perfectly understand that
of au editor's, and regard themselves as under
a special mission to give the latter the benefit
of their views on all occasions. It is singular,
but there are very many who really seem to
sincerely believe that writing comes by nature
?that the editor is without this endowment,
and that they ought in Christian charity to
help him out. Could some of these self-elected
censors be put into harness for a while and
realize what it means to be a mental engine
under a perpetual press of intellectual steam,
they would possibly change their views of the
ease with which they would knock off a littlo
People who think that editing a paper is a
pleasanter diversion than digging cellars by
moonlight, or lugging bricks up a four story
building in a hot July's sun, may profit by the
following sensible remarks from the editor of
the Bedford (Vermont) Gazette :
"It is not so easy a task to write for a newspaper
as people suppose. A man may be a
good scholar, a profound thinker, a vigilant
; observer of passing events, without being able
to write for a newspaper. The power of wriI
tinir :i lonrlino- nrfinlt* fnr .1 newsnnnfr is ,'i t.'Lct
v...0 c ? r i?
which few possess, and which wc have known
many, with all their learning and dilligcnee,
unable to acquire. It requires a large amount
of information on various subjects, and a rcaI
dincss of application that must never be at
fault, or the writer will fail. For remember,
I the editor is always writing against time, and
' the inexorable printer must have his copy, and
; that there is no time to revise and amend : but
I as slip after slip is written, the 'devil' snatches
i it away, and one half is usually set up in print
; before the other half is written. This exact*
a decision ot thought and a faculty of writing,
which, like poetry, seems rather a gift of nai
ture than an acquired faculty."?Philatlr
HINTS FOR THE SEASON.
The changes in the seasons demand corre*1
ponding changes in many domestic and business
aspects. If you have been thoughtful,
you have made arrangements to meet the wants
! "f the approaching Winter, for you have learn.
! od that the value of thoughtfulness is in foreJ
seeing in good time, what provisions should he
I made for the future. Some people have eyes
| that lookback; others have eyes for to-day;
the prudent and wise see what is before them
, and prepare for it. If you, reader, are among
the latter number?the select fraternity of common
sense men and women?you have already
I begun to provide for the Winter. Should you
, have delayed, begin at once. Look out for a
1 qood supply of wood and have it ready for
| use. If you have stoves to be put up, do not
wait until the cold weather crowds business on
j every tinner in town but have it done in ad;
vauce of the tiuic when you will need fires.?
Have your chiinueys cleaned and put in order.
i Should you have painting to be done, it is
| most economical to attend to it in the Fall or
Spring, as the wood will then not absorb so.
much oil. If your houses have been closed
during the .Summer, be sure to have them
thoroughly ventilated and remember, that air
alone, will not answer, lift in the sunshine?
let. it in freely for sunshine is a powerful disinfectant
and a mighty purifier. Bcinember
your children's schools and be sure to send
them at the opening of the session, lie ware
of exposure. The bright nights are now w.
rv tempting and you may easily contract disease
by enjoying the moonlight in the open
I air. heave no decaying matter about your
i lot. Burn your vines or turn them under the
: soil. Have your cisterns cleaned and put
J sonic charcoal in them. And above all, have
. a thankful heart, that you have been preserved
| during the sickly season and go into the Fall
and Winter with glad and cheerful footstep*.
Make homo happy. Your face ought to brighten
its walls and your life should he a dailv
benediction to all its inmates.
So nth'-m Tiiiif*.
A gossipping correspondent of th<; N.
Vork Mirror, writing from Philadelphia, tells
us the fashionsthero this season are "excessively
"Those ugly, detestable plaids, better suited
to cover the floor than a delicately formed lady,
have again come in vogue ; and, in order to
show them to more ad vantage, whalebones or
hoops are employed, which give an extra fullness
to the skirt, ihoad stripes, which, being
truly American and in perfect accordance with
the republican spirit of must be admired,
are to be worn extensively; but, unfortunately,
the neat gaiter boot which sets off the
pretty foot and the well formed aukle is to he
discarded, and iuits place high-heeled slippers,
with largo rosettes, are to be introduced. A?
regards bonnets, they appear to grow frightfully
less, aud before winter sets in it is probable.
I that a .large rosette fixed on the back of ihu
i.head will take its place."
Row in tiik Cabinet.?Washington letter
writers intimate that a serious difficulty
has occurred in the Cabinet, touching Kausas
| affairs?Marcy and Cushing occupying a position
of autagonisiu to Davis aud Dobbin, and
McClelland and Campbell preserving a strict
xml | txt