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Yorkville enquirer. [volume] (Yorkville, S.C.) 1855-2006, October 18, 1855, Image 1

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. uSLV^n |" 3" Ail indepc-nJent Journal: For jit froinolion IF [in i'-jim f Social, Agmotiiral and Commmial Interests of (he South.
v<"-'- ? -? --- Ti;r?i^y5j^;s^a^s^Q^Bg?is.i8i^^ ~-I ^-? /
From the Charleston Standard.
King's Mountain, October 3d, 1855.
Mrxsr*. Editors:?In niy note of yesterday
I caught the-wave of the great social movement
about to culminate at King's Mountain,
and rode upon its crest to Yorlcyille. From
thence I was taken up, again with scarce an
effort of volition, and have been landed upon
the craggy heights of this Mountain regiou.
^P&fcsccne is Cheering. I have looked to
celebration with -much interest, and my
hopes arc more than realized. Thousands arc
already present, and along the glens and hill*
sides, and by every practicable line of approach,
and by every conveyance known to the
ingenuity of man, they still come. Admonished
by the claims of enfeebled constitution,
Wfo ot* the propriety of more sufficient shelter than
;> that afforded by the tents that are spread over
the whole region round about the Mountain, I ,
' A i . _ 1 . " i _:l? *
ijuvc sougni a nouse a unit; ur uvu a?iij, auu
oven at this distance, and at this late hour, j
the streams of people still roll on, and men aud
" tfomen, and youth and age, and lads aud las- ,
sou and bouncing babies in the arms of fond
lnocHets all swell the tide which is breaking ,
about the base of King's Mountian. ,
This may seem grotesque, and perhaps, to j
persons city^ bred, a little vulgar, but amuse- 1
ments comS-but seldom to these secluded re- 1
gions, and ^jen it is remembered that the
oecurrenee orahis occasion will be fire-side ?
the:iics for years1, to come, we can see the ren- j
son why all should wish-to be instructed in j
theui and wherNjt; is remembered, that just (
, such people foughfethc bat^e wqft&vc asseui- .
bled to commemorate. we cGsa to be amused
at their simpHcity'iui'^ousid^ration of the 110- ^
bier qualities whichiJ8We?fc it. j
- Of some of theseit^^ifcies we have a bundant
evidence at pregejj^bn the battleground.
In passing along by thflbse of the hill where ^
hav? Jx em^rocted 'kdfcssfor provisions, I saw
a trench At least ou^jmndrcd yards loDg, cov- ^
ered as thick as tffi^oould lie with a contin- j
ued range ohjarolKs already being barbacued
in preparatioyfor to-raorrow's entertain- g
* mcnt, while harjgby was a deposit bf the same
sort snfficieni:t?feisht a schooner./ This is a ,
donation io th^Rljc^buf beside this, afmosfc,*
every gentlemw^ffithin thirty miles has cov- *
ered some 30 Jjwfesqnarc with osnabergs.ahd f
making a priwgt depot of all kinds of^rovis- ,
ion neeessaiyflfifee-corafort of man an<Pbeast,
is ready ana^Bmred to entertain ^.eryBo^y |
who, by a"yw&ibility, can need 'assistance. ?
Jiemarking uHeV the multiplicity of contri- ?
ing a fine yonng^BwitVa good sized sleuge
' to his heejs, ai^J&licitous' to see what could ^
r lie the Shbjec^of such a species of transpota- ^
-tionr I fouud n^to be the carcass of some ani- o
ma!, which wa<?jakcu, doubtless, as the widow's
contributiw to the common store. As it
was in the dayMrhen the battle was fought, c
!...?*!/% ;??l.?1-P ur<?c n onnnfnne- ?
so is it now. rxMc wuiuv; n.'u. ..~r
ous offeriug of p*toiotism to liberty, and so also ?
are all the offeriiA to its celebration. Unhardened
by too nnle a contact with the active
world, these simple people have still other 1110- 1
tives than those or*kjJterest, and consider it a j
privilege to give tmiir stores away to such a
When I left the graand it was white with ^
tents, which extended'for at least a quarter of t
a mile along both the rgfrds over which I trav- o
elled, coming and leaving. Beyond this con- ^
fused outline of affairs it. is-ximpossiblc to say j
inore this evening. All, however, is prepara- ^
tion for a grand display to-morrow. c
We will have first-a parade or some cxhibition
of the milltarjrwho are at present encamp- ;
* dc upon the slope of the hill, towards the York- (
ville road ; after this there will be the anni- | s
versary oration by Col. Preston; after this a
grand parade, and after that again a dinner, f
in preparation for which there has been eon- g
~ strutted at least half mile of tables. Among n
other preparations, I noticed tents large en- ^
ough to accommodate two or three hundred
people, which are intended for Hotels, where ^
strangers are to stay who have no friends to ^
stay with. In one of these I learn that Mr.
Bancroft and Col. Wm. C. Preston will pass
the night. -v .
t* ftinf. thore wnnld be a deficien- r
.11 noo b >.? w V..V.V ?
cy of conveyances from Yorkville, but no tlif- J
iiculty of the kind occurred?perhaps twice t
the number could have been accommodated.? J
The carriages of the whole district are under (
contribution, and they were amply sufficient ,
for the occasion. Tf this fact could liayc haatr't r
certainly known, the atiuAuJa***?""'fro:<> a dis- ' (
-> tancc would donbffoss have been greater.? j|
More anon. VtATOlt. <
We are enabled, through the agency of our i
special reporter, to present a full account of >
the proceedings at the grand national celebration
of the Anniversary of the Battle of King's <
As will be seen by the above letter of our
correspondent, the citizens of this and the adjoining
States had begun to pour into the place
of rendezvous on the i?d instant, and the tents I
were spread over all the hill sides, and provisions
had been garnered up for the accontmoda- |
$ tion and comfort of every bod}*. Tn fact, the i
WP scene presented on the night before, was not
the least important part of this imposing ccr- j
L\ etjimiy. The tables loaded with unpnrcfakscd j
at . pleifty, the camp-fires which illuminated the :
;t, and sent their curling smoke to the :
lip. welkin >tudded with innumerable stars,; the J
HHb Crowd- of visitors who hovered around in nniJ^^^na^4Rt:oyuieiU
of tin- i-.iruiige and gorgi
BP^nTbitioi the bauds of martial music which !
at diIh-rcmplaces responded t<> each other, and I
m the shouts hich occasionally broke from var- j
if ions points, md which were echoed and reP
echoed from he distant hills, presented together
a range o objects that were strangely in
contrast witht,e scenes of common life. The
amusements iHuced by the occasion were protracted
to a lat lioirr, and were scarcely still,
cd to perfect ?fet and repose before the ens
camp,ncnt was :u;a aroused to preparations
[ for the morning
i | "NN stream of visitors which
| had eoutiuucutd'^^ uufinj fftlU 'Uuy '
but which had becu arrested as the ni^ht advanced,
was again iu motion, and all over the
crests of surrounding hills, and down along
their sides, the people swarming to. the celebration
commenced to pitch their tents and
make their preparations for a temporary residence.
* - * * * * * $
It would not be too much to say that the
oration which had been promised for this occasion
had been looked for with solicitude and
interest. The name of the orator so illustra-T
ted in this State his own distinction both for
abilities and eloquence?his relationship ib*
one of the most distinguished actons in . the
bloody drama all. were assembleato commemorate?the
investigation he ha^ heon known to
have devoted to the fact's oftml occurrence,
but little illustrated by authentic history?had
given to his address an import-rce very much
transcending that to have been accorded to an
oration upon afiy ordinary topic of revolutionary'history,
01* to any ordinary address upon this ,
subject. It was hoped that not only the facts,
but the Eentimcut of this great act would find
oxprcssion, and that by the zeal and genius of
the orator, it would be elevated to that higher
position in the history of our revolutionary contest
to which there is the feeling that it is enti- j
tied ; nor was the expectation disappointed.?
The orator had made his pilgrimage to this
drrine of liberty. He had roamed alone among
its mountain heights, and, inspired by the spirfc
of the placo.and the occasion, he took a tone
)f bearing and* expressipn which well/became
i conception of its moral grandeur. .. . T
The meeting watf called to order by Colyih
D. "Withdrspoon, to whom, iu the absence of
lis Excellency the Governor had been assigusd
the duties of President on; the occasion}
md who announced- that the'proceedings
vould be opened with a prayer by Rev.
^.darns. "After religious ceremonies were coududed,"
the orator of the day, Col. John S.
?reston, w%ifannounced. After a rapid range1
if remarks upon the physical grandeur of the'
eene, and the-historical event that had made
tfamous; the course.#/'conquest which had
cd the.commander off:thc English forcoa to
aounfoin " districts of. North Carolina ; the
ptheYfng of the clans from the mountain
ieights in the valley of ^atauga^ to drive.
inn. back> the orator came'oh to a. description
r ttxQ grgat evenc we naa asaemmea w.oomoemotate,
in language which owed inuch of
ersy, and being withal, go distinguished for
ts force and brilliancy-of delineations, that we
ave thought it sufficiently important to make
f it a nearly literal report.
" With forced marches this little army dashd
swiftly over the mountains, and at the base
truck the trail of the wolf, and marked his
ourse by the blood spots he left in his path.?
Ic heard their trainp as they came clattering
[own the mountain sides, and skulked away to
lide or entrench himself here. At Gilbert
."own, near Rutherford Court House, whence
erguson had fled, they stopped a night, aud
elected about 1100 of their swiftest and
trongest men, with good horses, to lead the
base; aud without waiting for daylight, off
hoy sprung, with the speed of the wind. The
jame was a-foot, and to the mountain hunter
he chase grew warm. There was no need of
eaders or captains then, for each man knew ,
lis work, and ineaut to do it. They were to
atch Ferguson, or if Coruwallis came in their
ray, they ' were to catch him. Swiftly, but
rith stern determination, they kept the track,
urn aside for nothing, save now and then to
hoot a tory, as a bear hunter shoots a rattlenakc,
merely to kill the vermin, or keep his
itle from rusting; or if they found a rascal tory
kulking about, they stretched liiui up with a
rape vine, practising for a subsequent ncccsity.
The night after leaving G ilbcrt town, on
?L tin. nfflfors selected a
. SUWU UUlt ill vvuuvu;
liicf to act uutil they could receive order? !
rom Gates' Their little army was composed
hen of men nearly in crjnal numbers from
Virginia, North and South Carolina. Each
>and was lead rather than commanded by its
iwu officers. Sevier, Shelby, Campbell, Cleaveand,
Williams aud McDowell were the Cololels,
and bad all seen hard service cither in the j
Indian wars or in this struggle.. a full
lelibcraiion, they .unanimously chose Campbell,
>l'^I\areririfrC"T<? command in the approaching j
ray. lie was a man in the vigor of life, not '
piite 10 years of age, of pure Scotch descent; j
:horoughly educated in the classics and all the j
cicncc of the day, aud had been a soldier from
It is earliest manhood. lie had married the ;
istcr of the famous Patrick Henry, and was
the intimate friend of Jefferson, and had joined
in all the early movements of resistance.?
But having a large family connection and property
in Western Virginia, and that region being
still subject to imminent perils from the
Indians of Tennessee and Kentucky, he declined
commissions tendered him in the continental
army and Virginia lines, aud accepted the
honorable, laborious and dangerous post of
county lieutenant. In this he succeeded Evan
Shelby, the father of his associate iu this expedition.
lie immediately gave the care of
his property and family to a kinsman, and devoted
himself to the cause of freedom, llis
1 1* 'n i i
manner was grave aua uigumcu, uis pc i.-uu
strong and graceful, and his courage of the
most dariug and reckless character ; his patriotism
of the sternest mould, enthusiastic and
uncompromising, with a fierce and relentless
hatred to those who refused to join the patriot
cause, and withal 1 a skillful, judicious and
practical officer. He brought to this expedition
4">0 men?many of them kinsmen, friends
and neighbors of wealth and position equal to
his own, and most of them of that true Scotch'
Trish breed whose fathers had fought for kirk
and covenant, and among whose descendants
are the Clay's, Calhoun's, Hcottsand Taylor's of
our day. It was there the merit of the officer
and the material of his troop that induced his
gallant and patriotic band, to confer on Campbell
the chief command. The pioneers of cur
liberties were far above the filth and dirt of
i^M^vho seek the bauble of personal glory,
stwifili&tai Y
at the risk of their country's good; and Shelby
and Sevier, and Oleavcland the chivalj ,
l ie Wiliiamsand venerable 'McDowell knew yot .
the base sentiment, they could not ^oop to recognize
its existence?they could not desecrate
the holy spirit of patriotism on its battle, fields
by petty and contemptible personal jealousies;
and may their ever pure spirits from their
abode in heaven look down aud curse with the
scorn and contempt of mankind the mean
malice of that traitor-heart that would turn us
fromour worship here. Yes, my countrymen,
our origin runs not back into the dim and misty
past which makes demigods of men, but
those days of which I speak, which that greyhaired
man mr:V?*h:;ve seen, v-ere (lavs of the
brightest heroism known in the hi.storyof man.
Tliesc men whose names! have spoken to you>
whose names we bear, were heroes of loftier
mould, grander proportions, mind and soul,-",
than ever Homer sung, or than those who
fought at ThefmopylaeV Cannae, or those who
made a monarch swear at Runnymcde. They
were God-heroes, fighting and'dying for Hini
and His people. Such indeed were the men ..
that sat in council that night, each holding his ;
own horse, and squatting on ihe bare .cold :
ground. Glory, glory, glory to the buckskin
warriors from Lexington to Yorlitown, who |
worked out God's problem for humanity.?
With their chosen leader in front, and^ach i
man at the head of his own" troops, firm in :
their saddles and fixed" in purpose, dark and I
, strong as.it was, away they galloped in hot pur- i
suit. There was a pelting raiu falling, which \
rendered every precaution necessary to keep <
their weapons dry, and they rode with their
rifles under their aim In the morning they <
stopped a. half an hour for an ill provided meal. J
At 12 o'clock the sky cleared, and they found 1
themselves in three miles of Fcrguson'o camp, 3
on the mountains. They halted under an or- 1
der passed fipidly along thl line?ap order, ?
^haps, the most laconic and appropriate ever' .1
given .under the circumstances. It was in these ^
words?"Tie up over-coats?putk touch holes <
prime fresh?and beready.for thp fight."? t
The officers here determined to divide their 1
forces and attempt to surround the mouptar^ J?
While engaged in'arranging this, an express
from Ferguson to Cornvalliswas arrested, and.
his despatches read aloud at' the head . ot the' %
lige. In them hq said, ";I am posted-on the i
'Ryufs 'Momtain, and. all the Rebels tfetof
Hel! cannoTdaye-mq.fi?m it.". There yfns 11
no. disorder,. no'shout/"when this was1 hkW j?
drew up aloug^tTruAjJlliliJ lUUc brocl,
dismounted and tied their horSes to swinging 5
limbs. The order of attack was hurriedly 1:
made, but with a military skill and judgment ^
that could not bo excelled. There was not an t
error, mistake, or even a miscalculation of time
from the ouset to the close of the battle. Each ^
column advanced steadily, but rapidly, along c
the indicated line?these lines tending to a c
common centre?the British encampment. A t
scattering fire commenced at once from the v
British on the centre column, commanded by 1
Campbell and Shelby. In this file, which con- c
tinucd from five to eight minutes, Major s
Chronicle was killed. But when Sevier's col- \
umn?on the right?passed out of the hollow t
at the head of the brook, the firing conuncn- \
ccd in earnest on both sides. The mountain- c
eers proved their skill with most deadly effect, t
actually driving Ferguson at the very begin- \
niug of the action to resort to a direct charge. \
This charge, headed by a company of British 1
regulars, was worthy of the high name and fame L
of that service. It was boldly and gallantly s
made, and forced the patriots back down the
mountain ; but at that moment, Cleaveland ,
and Williams appeared on the lett and pourea j
into the charging columns an awful Ore from ?
the rear. The British .turned from pushing on :
Sevier, wheeled and made a terrible dash at j
Cleaveland and Williams; and with like effect, ?
driving (hem hack. Before they could effect j
a rout, Campbell and Shelby came up in front, ?
and Sevier had rallied, and from the left and t
front they poured upon them a telling fire, ?
which compelled them to wheel again. This j
they did in good order, and having received ,
reinforcements from within the lines, another (
?the third charge, was made?this directly at
the centre column of the Americans. Jlcrc
again that irresis'ihle British bayonet told its <
power, and Campbell and Shelby retreated {
down the ri<lg'\ hut Cleaveland had rallied? J
Sevier was still moving forward, and (hey poured
in the mo-t terrific lire on each flank of the .
enemy. The charge stopped iii.?luntly, and
Campbell anil Shelby's men, hearing the fire
and seeing this pause, wheeled and rushed upon
the enemy with shouts and huzzas, supposing
they were defeated. But a fourth charge J
j was tried. It was too late?the blood of the (
mountaineer was up?they rushed forward to
meet and repulse it, ami actually to drive Ferguson
within his lines.
This enabled the three patriot columns to |
meet and literally surround the enemy. Then
came the fierce rage of the battle. A circle of
fire hemmed the wolf in hisstronghold. Well ,
did the English soldier prove his breeding in (
this hour of danger, and the rascal tory saw
that escape from the rifle was but running inj
to the grape vine. The regulars with their
; bayonets, and the tories with their butehcri
knives fastened to the muz/.les of their guns,
: charged on this closing plane with the liercc
' energy of despair. In vain. The mountain
1 hunter, calmly, but rapidly loading, and delibj
crntely aiming, sent a death messenger in cvei
ry bullet. At every discharge they moved
| forward, until there was one narrowing circle
j of flashing flame, crackling around their victims.
At this time the British cavalry were
j ordered to mount. It was the very thing for
I U1C AlMOncail rilic, us it laiiuu taiw iuiui\
i i
j above the bushes, and as each man threw his
leg over his horse he tumbled dead on the ether
side. Ferguson, with a gallantry which
seemed to rise with his desperate condition,
rode from rank to rank, and post to post,
cheering, driving and encouraging his men,
until lie.found his army pressed, actually liud!
died together 011 the ridge, and falling as fast
J as the Americans could load and shoot. He
determined on one more desperate cKffl^^intl
:takitf|bis position at Suhend of his cavatryf
in"a.voicc'that rose loueT Jk>vc the din of the
battle, he summoned Ms men "to crush tlie
damned .rebels into t&c tf?rth." The summons,
was heard pericons, and one
round of their rifles.was s Jjpped, and instead
of thek roar, there wia^; hpjd only the click
of the cock. It was tp Jserpent's low warning
of coming death. ' Tfe pause was but for
a .moment, when Furguta and DuPoistre,
horse and foot, burst life, i "avelanche down
the mountain side. By te time, they came
within slity paces.everyV le was loaded and
under deadly aim. fell at the first
discharge, with wounds. The
patriots rushed forward' fofieet the shock, as
DuPoistro's .^regulam, w J^bayptfets set and
sabres inurest, came crasvfe down upon them
?not Agencourt o^Cre^y^ith all their chivairy,
ever felt a sfcitok jncfefearful than.that;
but had the heavens ^hfcnMntd;British bayonets
it could-not- haVte^tojfe'those patriots.
The diatiuies of Amerjc'.Hgjfops f'x>f mankind?depended
tyrs, they "went to dCTw^S^ionsTthey
rushed to the oarnage, .afEttfpi^Hier?half
Dated, with blood-sh^ rk atil^aTohed tongues?pounced
upox^^yryarg^ enemy, until
their hot breath -.(and iffce ghfre was seen
and felt iy the cra*tt$.*<: pi and his bull dog
master?and'as th^qucbed, gathering for
the last spriug, a^ trilw^tfer-stricken shriek
rose above fdrnieroy.?a white
flag was nan atad-G- Is champions shouted
victory, liberty.?' .1
Concluding this. description of the
3ombat, thof,jirat?r, wofeded to "expose tlie
historical import^ijwSu ( results of'tbc event,
aut in conrideraiieto^pf jthe great length to
mliJrtti + lia O/ltTj-oc-p Kr^rn Smnocaorilrr nTf iinrlorl
jy the^in^i^a^o^er-."[-which forced themiirsDgemenljj
it be given in extend;d
form beforoft^^feM^ we are constrained
o forego bur a more cornpreif.its
^WgSE^^i^e.^l^-with enthusiastic apd^se,"
but' simple justice to
M fcfye cpn^l^j^^the address, which was
tonored by:,,i^^B^^y^ai the sTtilieiy, and
wplonged and -veitei?t<.J cheere from the imnense
concourse'ofCol. I. I). Witho^bf
' the most' disitatesman,
the truthfull and impartial Annalist
; his presence amongst us inseparably links
lis fame with the memories of King's Mounnin.
"We bid him welcome."
This sentiment, and the information it con eyed,
was received with many demonstrations
if pleasure, and Mr. Bancroft, with some little
mibarrassment, but with evident interest in
he occasion, appeared upon the stand. He
ras thin, but without the appearance of ill
lAnlth. nnd though his head was "sable silver
7 O
d," and he had quite the appearanctf of a
tudent, he stood remarkably erect and spoke
rith a voice as clear in enunciation and disinct
in utterance as would have become the
-igorous and practised orator. From the tenor
f his remarks, which wc have beeu at pains
o report with accuracy, ic will be seen that he
vas animated by no unbecoming spirit of corndacency,
no over-winning solicitude to please,
>ut only by a just perception of the great hisoric
truths of which ht was called upon to
peak. He said:
"The President of the day assigns mc a few
uinutcs to express to ycu my sincere delight
n being a witness of tiis great panorama of
southern life and beauty and patriotism ; and
oiningwith this countless multitude, asscm)lcd
iu the mountain forst under the shadow
>f the battle ground, undiinimated by thc.spirt
of the heroes,' whose wrtues they arc gathired
to commemorate, I tome among you not
o address you, but to jhare silently in the
icene; to receive instrucfon from the eloquent
ips of your distinguished orator; to enkindle
ny own love of country )y the fires of your
v. nf
U own: llliljr tvicuittn. HIV "itui. liiuiu
he American revolution vitli justcr pride than
South Carolina. At the vry bcginniug of the
struggle in 176~>, South Carolina was the first
;oadhere to a general unim; and to her it is
luo that llic colonics then met in Congress.?
When in 1774, a tyrannical government endeavored
by the slow torture of starvation to
jrush Boston into submission, South Carolina
jpeued her granaries of roe and ministered
ibundantly to its relief. While the sons of
the Scottish Covenanters in Mecklenburg were
the first to sever the connection with Great
Britain, and institute government for themselves,
the immediate harbinger of the great
reform rose within the borders of this State;
the victory gained at the Palmetto Fort by
Moultrie was the bright and the morning star,
whioli went before the Bscluration of American
Independence. Wherever the camp-fires
of the emigrant shall light up the forests of the
West, wherever the history of our country is^
honestly told, wherever the struggles of brave
men in the cause of humanity are respected,
high honor will be tendered to the triumph at
T'iiw.c "\ I nun hi in :iinl nt Cowncn's. and to that
* I ' I
sad victory at Eutnw Springs, when the voice
of exultation was chastened by sorrow for the
brave who fell.
For the North to take an interest iu your
celebration, is but an act of reciprocity. Every
where in my long pilgrimage to be present with
you on this occasion, 1 found evidence of the
affection with which the South cherishes the
memory of every noble actum in behalf of liberty,
without regard topk/ce. Beautiful Virginia,
land of mountains and lowlands, rich in
its soil, abounding in healing springs, and the
storehouse of all kinds of mineral wealth, builds
a Lexington in the very heart of her most
magnificent valley; North y'uvolina repeats the
name in one of the loveliest regions in the
world ; and South Carolin i designates by it
the central district of her State.
There is a still stronger re tson why the North
sr?.y?r~?~?:?"?". ,
should-give you its sympathy on this occasion.
She sent you no aid in the hour of your great^
est neg^l. It is a blessed'thing to give even a
cup of cold w#tcr in a right spirit, it was'not
then possible to give even that. All'honor'
must be awarded to the South, since she wrtiK
left to hcrsclfiilohe, in the hour of her utmost
distress.. . \ '
The romance of the American Revolution
has its scenes for the most part in the South;
and the battle of King's Mountain, of which
we celebrate the seventy-fifth anniversary today,
was the most romantic of all.
The achievement was opportune. The American
army for the South was routed and tlis- j
persed;- Charleston was in the power of the 1
enemy ythi government*.8cattered; the paper
currency all but Tgprthless,Gadsden a prisoner,
uuuuiuu W me auagons ot St. Augustine; Sumter
forced to retire beyond (he State, on the
one side, and?Pickeps ou tho other; Cornwall
lis homing ?to extinguish the rebellion^^U
t ijp.vi i ml ill I |ii niiinin ~ himself, ?
CTnit betore winter "the whole country South 1
of the Delaware would be subjected." The <
genius of liberty never bows his head in des- 1
pair; but there was cause for anxiety?the
faultless partisan, the- lion-jiearted Marion, '
stood alone in his impenetrable fastnesses as 1
the sentinel qf Carolina. ?. ' ^ x -> '
Such was the almost hopeless distress, of <
which the tidings^penetrafod the hardy dwel- <
lers on the Watauga, the Nollichucky, and the '<
three forks of" Holsfop. All the difficulties i
which stood in their way could not make them 1
hesitate. They had distance to overcome in '<
collecting their forces; but swift runners hur- '
ried up the valley; they had to cross-the highest
range of the Alleghanies, where there was 1
not so much as a"hridle path; they could Jrive
no beeves, but must depend nyunly on parch.J
x x? r
eu cum ior ujeir sustenance j meeting irom re- 1
mote districts, they had to organize themselves
on the insta#t for action with unity.
The movement commends itself still more -,
to our admiration as a voluntary act of patriot
tism. It was planned by no Congress?it was
ordered by no Executive. All that is best,
springs from the heart, and the expedition to
King's Mountain sprung from the heart of the ,
common people west of the Alleghanies. They ,
were cheered by no martial music, as your orator
has truly observed; they had no gilded banners,
no nodding plumes; they"were Southern
farmers in theirevery day dress, come to exercise,
though in ~h i.most sigiifc! banner, their
d?ry-day 'courage and love of country and vir.
J*m thnsfi
from w)
Do you think I refer to the fact that they attacked
an enemy,superior in numbere and still more
in the munitions of war, posted on yonder
height which you see is precipitously steep, and
bristling with the slaty rock which crops out
all alpng its sides and summit ? No. Those
things had for them no terror. But their departure,
they knew, was the signal for British
emissaries to excite hordes of worthless savages
to burn their homes and murder their wives :
and children. Every breeze from the West
might seem to bring to their ears the echo of
the Indian's war-whoop, the dying groans of 1
those they loved best. This was the fear which
they had to cast under foot. ;
Let us rejoice, then, that tho success of the
men engaged at King's Mountain was, as they
expressed it, "complete to a wish." The firing
was as heavy as could be conceived for the :
numbers engaged; the dislodging of tho enemy
from their advantageous situation was "equal
to driving men from stoney breastworks;" the :
vigor of their resistance is proved by their hold- '
ing out, 'till every third man among them was ;
wounded or slain; and of all the British force i
which was to have formed the central point of
British power in the back country, and which i
Ferguson had commended to Cornwallis for its i
courage and ability, not more than twenty, '
perhaps not even one of the survivors escaped
To finish the picture of this battle, the consequences
of the victory must be called to mind, i
It struck dismay into the torics, and cheeked :
the concerted system of house-burning and do- i
mestic c?ii.-bo which was filling Carolina with I
the deadliest horrors of civn Wflg (
turning point" of victory which cheered or.
Sumter, aud Col. Washington and Morgan to
their successes, and enabled Greene to collect
au army; it was the "fatal" blow which utterly
concerted the plana of Cornwallis, aud forced
him into that change of policy which had-,,
its end at Yorktown. The men of that day
fought, not for Carolina,not for the South; they
fought for America and for humanity, and the
ultimate effects of their heroism cannot yet be
measured. The States are bound together by
commerce, and dove-tailed by canals, and rivers,
and railroads; but the recollection of
the crowded hours of this glorious action- of
our fathers speaks to the heart, and makes us
feel, more than all the rest, that we are one
Let the battle ground before us be left no
longer as private property; let it be made the
inheritance of the people, that is, of all who
are heirs to the benefits that were gained on
jhe day which we commemorate. Let a monument
rise upon its peak as a memorial of the
heroism of fathers?as au evidence of the piety
1 tii..;,. cone Tim rlppd* that were there Der
formed bid us ever renew our love of country.
Let the passion for freedom flow forth perennially,
like the fountains that gush in crystal
purity froiu your hill sides; let the Union stand
like your own mountains, which the geologists
tell us are the oldest aud firmest in the world."
At the close of the address by Mr. Bancroft,
the President of the day anuouueed that a din ner
was in preparation, to which all were invited,
but in the meantime that the meeting
would join iu the more formal proceedings proper
to the occasion, and that the regular toasts
would bo proposod>-and upon appointment to
that end, Edward Mdbre, Esq., appeared at the
stand and read them thirteen in number, which
were received with hearty applause.
After the reading of the regular toasts, Mr.
Sam'l. W. Melton presented to the audience a
. . iiir 'i y-nw,
.rifle, with, the following words-: hold.in'my;
hand, fellow-citizens, one of the rifles which,
with. the true aim.and steady nerve of the hardy
backwoodsman, dealt death and destruction
to the foe upon the height of King's Mountain,
jt was borne by William White, a native of
Chester District, who served on the day of battle
in Capt. Laoey's company, attached to Col..
Williams' command. In the care of CaptMills,
of the Calhoun Guards, Chester District
sends this most 'welcome contribution to the'
festivities of the occasion.; Three cjieers for
the old Rifle." 1!
Following this, Col. Preston handed to Mm
jthg. sword of Williaii Campbell, which he im- .
mediately presented id words-to the foUowing-?
ova IAA f/iTl >%%* .
r?'. ?=?uw-viujh;ub/ is anouter
noble ofirelic?the trusty blade -which, at the
bidding^|tobravc WilliamCampbeiy^iii
ed from the acaRjfcd 1
h?tu^jjj^B^^if?thesTO)rd must be un- '
WWfncdin defences c^Asoerican honor and <
Southern right, it may be returned to. the seaboard
as pure and unsuilcd as this,. the legacy i
of the gallant Campbell to his$&pgred posteri- 1
non. .William Xfowp^cll Prestofli^Jlekin- 1
lied in the grand-son, has been transmitted to J
as the spirit which gleamed in the sword of the l
grand-sire. _,Wbiie we have assembled to hon- j
or the patriotic deeds of the one upon the bat- :
tie field, let us not forget the statesmanship
and eloquence which have thrown a ha^p of
imperisliableklory around the other. Tu the
fullness of age as in the pride and strength of
Manhood, South Carolina delights to do him
When the reading of Ibis sentiment and the
cheers which it occasioned were ended, an
aged'and feeble gentleman was seen making
bis way to .the stand. He had once possessed
a massive frame, but it was much wasted, his
hair was white, and even with the assistance
of his crutch he walked with difficulty. This
was all that is left.of Col." William C. Preston,
one of the. most perfect orators this countay has
ever known. He said; . "If-.anything 'could
now*frelume the embers of a life which, at times
in my youth mid manhood has perhaps burned
brightly, it would he the sensimeut w'hich has
just been uttered. It touches the objects which
are.dearest to me. It points to a life which
had been^nimated jjjhiffhat I thought and,
hoped, has been elevated objects of ambition,
and to an ancestry, who; ^ iemory has been
most fondly cherished, j these scenes
of primeval grandeur, an^Bion a spot with
which it has been the tfmt ^ecstrv
"I can speak no longer,and if excuse be needed
I would appeal to this/' (raising up his
crutch) "and()to this" (laying his hand upon
his locks as white as snow) "yetstill my heart,"
(laying his hand upon his breast,)?but the
idea, whatever it may have been, could find
no utterance, the tears * trickled slowly down
his sunken cheeks, and bowing lotv to the au
dience, who were scarcely less affected; he resumed
his seat.
J0J1& L. MiUcr, Esq.? The Washington
Lightlnfantry : The worthy representatives
of a glorious name. The flag of ColonelWashington,
that waved in triumph at Eutaw
and Cowpcus, has been committed as a second
trust to their keeping, and we can have little
fears that in the discharge of this high duty
they will fail to feel the summons of those
great deeds, and should the crisis come that
they will fail to encounter them.
Upon the announcement of this sentiment,
a loud call was made forT. Y. Simons, junior,
who was one of the detachment from this company,
but in consideration of the lateness of
the hour he declined responding.
Mr. , of North Carolina, advanced
to the front of the stage and proposed a
sentiment to the two orators, Bancroft and j
Bunker's Hill, Preston and King's Mountain.'
? :,v- ?'
When the cheers which greeted the toasts
from North Carolina were ende^- dinner was
innounced, and the long line of moving humanity
took its slow way to the place where 1
the stores of provision prepared for the occasion
were spreadjpnt: '" The tables on which
1 dinner had heen laid were erected upon
the . h . raos the
brancn tnat sweeps tuc -rvc*... ,
mountain. The space over whichHfltey^xJili?.
ded was about two acres, and it were scarcely
exaggeration to say that the tables placed in
one continuous line' would bfr more than half
a mile, and it was only wheri standing on the
heigths above and looking down upon the
mass assembled, that an adequate idea of its
magnitude could be formed, the number of
those who filled this level space could not have
been less than ten thousand, exclusive of the
many who retired to places of private entertainment,
and it is probable the whole number
of those brought out by this occasion exceeded
twelve thousand.
Among these were many distinguished gentlemen
who were only there in honor of the
occasion, and with no purpose of taking a conspicous
part in its proceedings. Of these we
noticed Hon. William C. Preston and Hon.
George Bancroft, whom we have already mentioned.
Hon. James L. Orr, Hon. W. W.
Boyce, and Hon. James Rogers, members and
ex-members of Congress from this State.?
Hon. James Simous, Speaker of the House of
Representatives of South Carolina, Col. Wade
n ' t> tt u:.. ? n?1 t t>
Hampton, jr., uoi. x>. n. xviuu, vui. ,
Williani3, grand-son of the gallant Colonel of
that name who fell on the battle field, many J
others, members of the General Assembly of
the State, many of the reverend Clergy, and
reporters and members of most of the leading
papers of the State.
With the barbecue were olosed the public
ceremonies of the day, and the crowd dispersing,
many took the line of travel for their
homes, and many retired to their tents for another
night's enjoyment of this forest life.
As might have been supposed so large a
number of persons could not have been brought
together without some accident, and it is our
painful duty to record two, which were exceedingly
lamentable. On the first night^of
med-Thomas Palmtar, came too near one of Uk
sentries stationed the military ,comg?fie1), .u'r
and not responding i&^fche challengers fired
on. The gun was chared witl powder only, *
bnt the wad took hfFect upon.iiUiahdome?} ail, . caused
a very serious wound. ijhe wad^ vj&M
extractedjhoweyer, and tbhreisijttle aptoehension
of a fatal result. i -v M
On the next day, at the close df j?$rts- .
ton's speech, when the^alute was firecfiinc of
the guns ..of the ;X)ol^bkrJjing ArtHfe ?|
was discharged,".premaatareT^uid A. C. Olil^^- {
tdn.h member of ihafceorps, who in the
act of loading it, "was hedlv^nrfe'i&dua aim "j*
was so badly shattered tin^mputatioryj|gg^^P
necessary, an<fwasp^or|^|g^g|^P^^^^^^
and eyeswere
also badly burned, and though all.the alienations
of medical assistance havfc-ljeen. refi&?.
lered, it is still dtrabfcfgl wfcpth^rhe. yrtll anrrive,
he wak better however, the nextmorning,
ind it was thought safe to remove him to York- ^
ville: - f
Among the most interesting characters pns- f
ent upon this occasion, w^Francis Henry, in ,
old man, who tiiough -too yotuig at the tire p.
the battle Wfs fought to participate in the engagement,
was on the battlerfisH the.nex
ami is able% give a viyed ftescriptior^ef the
scene presented. " Th^.
hill was searched of eourse/^or relics
of theiattie, and though it gleaned
througn many successive-yeara, pome were stifl ,
found; (me bullet was foxfficl Bj^j>n the hill, and
for 75 year^#^ thoagh ji^^d--??6r with
successive graimmp whenyittand, the layers of . -'
wood indicated theorems* date of their depoe- ite.
A bullet was akoj^atlubited whiofc^rka
lodged'in the bod?Ss*&a named-"Johh^v ... \VDuckworth,
at Ronesjfcs Battle, and whichremained
therefor si?-twoy?u*. ^
matcly worked out, howkrer, and'waf piwser- *
vcu auu cauiuiicu ujf Uiowu. ' * |fc
Among the mementoenof the battle'is the
rough stone erected at tSfajorth-eastern extremity
of the hill, to the ^gmory of- Majy Eabbr?nd
John Boyde. ^Ma^C^icIe. it^
will be remembered; fell atHte onset of this
nrr i
me military camp was nraK at aoout*
o'clock on Thursday aftemoflj^nd' the Several
companies of soldiers tra their line of ~
march for Yorkville, where jO aDother instalmeiitof
the festivities ofyis occasion was /
in expectation. The civilWamps, however,
were retained through thMucceedin& night,
and the scene was scarodjpsly less imposing
than on the night befon^ There was a general
breaking up, howew, the next morning,
and by the middle ofjpe afternoon there was
a repose and silence op#he hill as profound as
that whicli has bropu?lj&ver it through the
long years that haye elajntigd since the occurrence
of that great eventttohich makes it famous.
At 4 o' clock on Friday afmpioon the members
of the jless from this aSt other States'
who wereqjresent upon ihe^Bcasion, were
summoned k a.banquet, prcpariskfor their en- .
tertainmenfc by. Messrs. Miller &n?&elton, the
gentlem-ky and. spirited proprielfe of the
Forivilie Enquirer.- These gentlefcan had y
devoted themselves to the perfect accomplishment
of this celebration, and as the lasKact
had prepared to solace, .themselves and their
editorial brethren, after what had been to all,
a period of considerable-labor. Col. I. D.
Witherspoon, an invited guest, and L. W. .
Spratt, Esq., of the Charleston Standard were ^
placed at the ends of the table. Col. Witherspoon
was entertained, on the right and left by
Mr Melton, of the Enquirer, and by Mr. Wallace.
one of the members of the Legislature
from that District, and Mr. Spratt l)y Mr:
Gail lard, of the Winnsbordv Register, and Mr.
Malaly, of the New York^ Herald. There
of the Carotanburg
Express of jfe Spar- V
of the Yorkville Enquirer, and of ^ ?
ses, and invited guests. The dinner paksed off
pleasantly and occasioned t range of discussion
upon subjects of general and local internet,
which was vastly entertaining at the time, but
to follow which would carry us so far beyond
the limits allowed for our report that we are
constrained to forego a further notice.
The festivities of the day were closed by a '
grand Ball at the Palmetto Hotel, to which
the members of all the volunteer companies *
were invited, and which did great. credit to
Mr. Rose, the proprietor of that establishment.
A band of music had been brought on from Lincolnton
specially for that occasion, and
nothing was left undone to render it one of the
most attractive entertainments of the kind that
has ever be^n given in the Upper Districts of
In concluding our reports of this celebra- . r
tion, it wohld be but an act of justice to acknowledgevthe
obligations of the county to/-.
the members of the several committcMRM^^j^H
nave oeen cnargcu wan me
rious dcparfflients. The citizen^^f York wer^^^^O|
only more coucerned in the duties ofthisgre:".
festival than citizens of other fectious of ti
State, from the fac^,of their greater proximi
to the battle ground,.but the battle itself r
dounds to the honor and glory of the St:
and of the South. Its effects have extend'-'
to the interest of the whole'TJnjpn, and are
felt perhaps by the cause of humanity, and it
was not incumbent upon the people of this |Sjp<
District to take a more earnest interest iu '.y :
celebration than was exhibited by persons i
other sections of the State. They gave them selves
to the ctutsc, however, with uncalculaCOMINCED

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