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sami.V'melton }pr?prietor8- An Independent Journal: For the Promotion of the Political, Social, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of the South. J lewis m. grist, pubimer.
VOL. 2. YOEKVILLE, S. O., THURSDAY, APRIL lO, 1856. . NO. 15. Original |Mnj. For the Vorkvillc Enquirer. NIGHT THOUGHTS ON THE DEATH OF A CHILD. BY MOXOS, JUNIOR. Xaaeentes movimui /inis que ab origine prndct. MANILICS. How transitory are the things of Life! That alternation twixt a storm anil calm,? A storm when, by the laws of stern Necessity, We bear our breasts against the beating winds; A calm when, yielding to the ruthless blast, We sink and then are numbered with the dead. Come when this calm may?at the eve of life, Or when the dawn's first blush our cheeks has tinged, And it is terrible; from the mournful thoughts Of endless separation, which it prints With burning fingers on our trembling hearts, And from the dim uncertainty, and awful doubt, WkZ/tk n wnil Anokwmiil fKo /lrc.n/1 But for myself, the thought has twofold awe When from the ranks of youth the victim comes Wreathed with sweet smiles and many a rosy blush, Such as the flower whose fragrance we have lost Just as it oped its petals to the sun, Which stricken by the ruthless hand of Death In its young beauty hastens to decay! Yes! yes! the child wnose brilliant eyes had shed Their radiant light upon Earth's gloomy path, No more shall bring her light and life to hearts Where grief now sits in darkness deep and drear. But grieve not for the loved one " gone before," But let her be-a beacon light on high Unwavering midst the storm and mists of earth To guide our truant hearts safe home to God. For well we know, when we are pledged by Him To bliss immortal or to endless woe, Her tiny form shall walk the vault of Heaven And sing eternal praises to the Lamb! Interesting Sfeetcjf. INTERVIEW WITH SANTAANNA. Calamar, New Granada, Jan. 11,1856. We were disappointed, as is usual in all Spanish countries, in getting our horses to i n?ii ? 1CUVC V/IUlUtt^CUU UU lUC CIUUU^ U1 tUE VU1) but they arrived during the night, and before sunrise on the following morning we were in the saddle. Our baggage was also placed on the backs of horses aud asses; and as several friends accompanied us a few leagues, a cavalcade that looked more like Chaucer's Canterbury translated into Spanish, rode forth from the ancient looking city of Carthagena. We are bound for Bogota, the capital of New Granada, and our company consists of General Mosquera?of whom I have already spoken?two deputies to Congress from the province, a physician, a young gentleman returning home from a tour in Europe, your humble servant, and several other people's servants, with the usual attendance of couriers and drivers for the burden beasts. Including friends and attendants, there were not less than fifty horsemen in the party; and as we rode through the city, gathering those who were on the point of departure, the fair acquaintances of each waved their handkerchiefs and sped us on our way with many an adios from the overhanging balconies. Among the animals 1 -1- 1 1 ___ 4 _ . was one little jacKass, wnose Duraeu 10 me unused eye was strange enough. Two strongly nailed boxes which he bore carried four thousand dollars in silver, being a remittance to some one at Bogota. A pleasant, ride of two hours brought us to Turbaco, where our friends who were to return had ordered a sumptuous farewell breakfast. This village, four leagues from Carthagena, is the present residence of General Santa Anna, ex-Dictator of Mexico. After we had duly honored the preparations which our friends had made for us, and for which our ride had given us keen appetities, about a dozen of us lighted our segars, and proceeded to call upon the man who had played so conspicuous a part in Mexican affairs. His house, which is a large one-story building, iu the old Spanish style, with colonade, carriage entrance and gardens, has a very agreeable aspect in the midst of the poor thatched houses of the people among whom he lives. "We were ushered into the great parlor, which occupies nearly the front of the house, and the General was informed of our arrival. The walls were papered to the height of about five feet from the floor, with an elegant French paper, gold iigure on a blue ground, with crimson border, and the white space above was relieved by several colored French prints in plain frames. A rosewood piano was standing open, with some loose sheets of music on it; two or three sofas and a dozen of mahogany cane seat chairs were ranged around, and across the centre of the room, between the two great doors, opening one upon the street and the other upon a green sward court yard, stood, facing each other, two.rows of arm and rocking chairs, with a marble top centre table between them, upon which stood a vase of flowers. The whole arrangement had an air of quiet simplicity and tropical comfort that was very pleasing. The ex-Dicator appeared almost immediately. I had known him ten years since, in Havana, and had expected to find him much changed, but if there was any alteration it was for the better. He has all the appearance of a well preserved man of fifty, about five feet ten or eleven inches in height, with a large robust person, erect and somewhat rotund; his eyes are dark, and the projecting brow gives them a sunken appearance, making their color changeable with the varying light; complexion a fine olive, no whiskers or moustache, and, with the exception of a few crow's f?et about the corners of the eyes, no wrinkles are to be seen about his face or brow; his hair is of a light iron gray color, but I am told he uses a dye for it.? He entered the room slowly, walking with some apparent labor and quite lamely, using a cane. His dress was that of a plain Southern gentleman; pantaloons of a small check on a brown ground; light vest, thin brown coat, loose neck cloth and well made boots. The only ornament was a pin of large brilliants in his bosom. From his reference to dates during the conversation, I deduced his age to fifty-nine, and in reply to the question he told me that his birthday was the 21st of February. He received us with all the stately courtesy of a Spanish Hidalgo of the old school, saluting and shaking hands with each person, and then invited us to be seated. Ilis conversation was addressed principally to Gen. Mosquera, who listened with polite attention, though with frequent frank dissent, stating that he was a thorough Democrat in principle and in practice; and he seemed to express his sentiments with great frankness. As I had addressed him in Spanish, and mentioned the fact of my having met him in Havana, he probably mistook me for a Cuban, and I was afterwards informed that he expressed a regret on learning that I was an American, that he had spoken so freely of the United States. As he only expressed political sentiments which his whole public career has exhibited to the world, I had no ground for ill feeling, and believe that I am | not infringing upon the rules of gentlemanly courtesy in giving your readers a short sketch of his remarks. His first inquiry, after the outer bark of conversation had worn off, was in reference to the news from Europe, and he expressed the opinion that the present hopes of peace were fallacious. He spoke of the contending parties with what seemed to me good judgment, and remarked that Russia did not feel the weight of the war to the same extent as do the allies in thesr resources, although the sacrifice of life and treasure had been immense on both sides. He asked if the people of the United States continued to entertain a greater sympathy for Russia than for the allies, and remarked that it was strange to see democracy and autocracy thus sympathizing. The conversation soon turned to Mexico, and he spoke of his own career at some length. He entered the Spanish army as a cadet in 1810, at the age of fourteen, and served for ten years, during which time the republican forces under Guadalupe Victoria and Guerrerawere entirely crushed. He had risen in rank and attained some distinction, when in 1821 he joined the organization that proclaimed the Plain de Ljarla, the avowed object of which was to overthrow the Spanish colonial government and place some European prince upon the independent throne of Mexico. The plan was sworn to on Christmas eve of 1821, and Iturbide went to the West to pronounce, and he to the South to give the echo. The movement was completely suo-*, cessful, and in nine months the Spanish forces, numbering eighty thousand men, were annihilated. He stated that he was led to join this movemeut by his love for his country and the persuasion of his friends, who urged him to it, saying that he would become the Washington of Mexico, and establish the happiness of his native land. When Iturbide crowned himself, to the surprise of many, if not all of those who had supported him, he was disappointed and chagrined.? His friends again came to him, said that he was the hope of Mexico, and again insisted that he was to be her Washington. The plan of a federal Union was formed, and he determined to lead the forces of the nation in its support. "I was young then," said he, "and the mistake I made was the error of my youth, and not of my heart." He triumphed, and an attempt was made to form a confederation of States after the manner of the United States. "But," said he, "Mexico has been striving to imitate the federal system without knowing what federation is, and the attempt has always been a vain one. The old Spanish system, which was a crinpinc nf r?nnnrAvinr>Ac fnvminrr "-'"b the Vice Royalty of New Spain, was abandoned, and each State endeavored to become an independent sovereignty. Everything was turned into little congresses (congrcsitos,) and all wanted place and pay, and mileage and money." He went on to say that this had been one of the great causes of the difficulties and dissensions of Mexico. They wanted to imitate the United States, without reflecting what the United States had done. There thirteen separate colonies had joined in a federal Union to form a unity, while the unity of Mexico was destroyed in order to make many petty nations. The American colonies tended toward a common centre, and created strength, for union is strength, while the several iudependencies of Mexico diverged from the common centre, and this brought division and weakness. The result was that when a foreign enemy invaded Mexico, and when he had expected that even the old women and little children would rush to repel the foe, he fouud that the national feeling was dead. The people of some of the States said they would wait till the Yankees came to their own doors, and then they would repel him; others would send to the federal government only a part of their contingent of men and money, while many Mexicans were found fighting in the American ranks. "Thus," said he, "Mexico, a country possessing eight millions of people, and rich in wealth and material resources, was conquered, to her reproach and shame. Thus has the negro, Alvarez, come into notoriety." He stated that when the country was determined to have peace at any price, and refused to contribute to sustain the war, he determined to leave it, for he would sign to no peace, nor would he remain to witness the degradation of Mexico. He was animated with the same spirit as the Carthagenians of old, who swore their children upon the altars of their gods to an eternal enemity to Rome. "The United States is the Rome of ancient and the Russia of modern days. They are the enemies of our country, religion and our race, and will swallow up and eat out our citizens, as they have in California and New Mexico. These provinces were obtained by a so-called peaceful cession; but it was a peaceful cession with the rifle at our bosoms, like the stalwart man by the road side,who, pointing a blunderbuss at the unwary and unarmed traveller, asks alms for the love of God. "I not only hate, but I abhor them as a nalion," said he, "and all my life has borne testimony to this sentiment. I do not speak of individual Americans, for I do not know that I have a single personal enemy who is an American; on the contrary, I entertain n high regard for many Americans whom I know, and when I was in the United States I received many?very many?personal attentions. I was well received everywhere; General Jackson gave me a banquet at the White House; many citizens of note invited me to their homes and their hearths; public bodies everywhere rendered me honors, and a government ship conveyed me from Norfolk to Mexico. But the spirit that animates and the policy that guides, the American people are antagonistic to my own country, and I can never yield to its enemy any other feeling than that which springs from a love for my native land. This I evinced on my return to Mexico, after the peace. I found American money circulating everywhere.? Some two and half millions of dollars, which had been left by the army, were scattered among our people, corrupting our youth, and familiarizing them to the sight of the O O American eagle. My first decree was to banish it from the country, and I drove it out. I will have none of them, nor their principles, nor even their money." lie went on at some length, commenting upon the results of the peace. "What has it brought?" said he. "Another attempt at confederation, which has resulted in greater disunion and confusion. Congresses and Congresitos again?all wish to command, and none to obey. All seek to be petty sovereigns, instead of one great nation, and the resources of the country are scattered in providing pay and mileage for countless deputies. These Congresses have cost Mexico more treasure than would suffice to lade all the oxcarts in the republic." The conversation soon took a general turn, during which he remarked that he had now done with public affairs and closccd his career as a public man. We soon after took our leave. At Turbaco T was told he is doinc much good stimulating the industry of the people, and loaning them small sums of money to buy stock to undertake new plantations and to improve their present ones. He is endeavoring to have a turnpike constructed from the village to the city of Carthagena, | and is said to have offered to contribute 840,000?two-thirds of its estimated cost? towards the work. I have omitted to men"HTTti (]li|| faring the interview he stated that he had bccnoffflh*Ji^dwhy he did not go to the I'uited States to reSTflffea^I^t," said he, "not only will I not reside amoftgajhem, but not even where they are; and if couie here, I will go further on." For my part, I fear the "universal Yankee" will be a hard man to fly from in the present age. lie is here already, for a number of your New York capitalists have "lready begun the work of re-opcuing the canal of Carthagena, close upon his heels, and are running their steamers on the Magdalena river, in advance of him, under the most favorable auspices and with abundant returns for their enterprise. The business is too great and too remunerative to fail. On leaving Santa Anna, we mounted, and a ride of a few leagues brought us to Arjona, where we slept.?New York Ilcrahl. Sfkt JlcaMng. FOR THE LADIES. ,dMrs. Denison, who has recently become the Editress of "The Ladies' Enterprise," at Boston, (noticed in our last,) is seldom mealy mouthed, when she treats of foibles in society, particularly those pertaining to her own sex. The following, being the leader in her paper of the 1st instant, is a sample of the way she handles one subject, which wc fear is quite too common, for the good of society, and the happiness of families.?Ex. An Innocent Flirtation.?"Why not as well say an iunocent theft, or a harmless murder ? It is not everybody who understands what the words mean. Some very silly young girls, just out of boarding school, consider it a sort of compliment to be called flirts. They blush and simper, and pretend to have just as many beaux as they can find fresh fools to angle for them, little aware what desperate habits are forming their charmed circles around them, beyond which in a few years it will be out of their power to move. One can bear to be cheated by a cloth merchant or a grocer, although the transaction merits uulimited contempt; but to be deceived by the lips and the eyes, the smiles and the speech of young hearts that God designed should be free from intentional guilt, if any of His creation, makes wounds that even time cannot heal. Heaven knows how many heart-hardened men walk the earth, soured and unhappy, finding falsehood everywhere ?looking crookedly upon all creations of harmony, and seeing distortion in everything, because their natures have been warped by some cruel deception. Like the melted iron, glowing and rich, they might have been shaped to forms of enduring beauty?but the heavy hammer of deceit came down, flattened and twisted, and left them cold, black, shapeless masses. The victim of a flirt, in proportion to his singleness of nature, his wholesome and implicit faith in his kind, his generous, unwarpcd sense of justice, and the breadth and depth of his love, oftentimes becomes the more morose, unyielding, woman-hating man. And many such do marry from prudential motives, after the fatal change, and lead their partners most unhappy lives. But young school girls?finished, accomplished women, are not the only flirts.' Shame that wc must say it, and to their absolute and eternal disgrace be it spoken, some married women are flirts. Not even tbesacredness of the vows which their husbands confide in them, nor the opinion of the world, will deter them from this most satanic love of vanity and misrule. Not even the babes whose dove's eyes rebuke them at every glance, and whose innocence is a continual prayer for their unworthy mothers, can wake them to a realization of the exceedingly steep precipice upon whose brink they stand swaying to their fall. And what shall we say of such ? That they arc murderers, striking virtue, bleediug to the earth. That they are suicides, strangling the spiritual within them. That they are thieves stealing trust and confidence from the hearts that shelter them with honest love. They arc counterfeits, passing for genuine the smiles they lavish upon their husbands. That they arc liars bartering their truth and their honesty for a villian's favor ?that they combine in short a variety of every sin and every rank defilement under heaven. Such women sometimes excuse themselves by saying that their husbands are not true to them in thought, word and deed, and therefore their own derelictions. "What! shall tue ea?*ie, u mated witn tne vulture, stoop to prey on garbage ? DEDICATED TO CERTAIN BENEDICTS. A NEW PABODY ON A PASSAGE IN HAMLET. To wcil, or not to wc<l?that is the question, Whether 'tis better lor man to suffer The desp'ratc loneliness of single life, Or dance arouml some rich and pretty woman, And, by attention, win her??towed?to change? No more : and by the change to say wo end The thousand sneers and taunts which shock the nerves Of unoffending bachelors?'tis a consummation Worth struggling for. To wed?to change? To change!? it may be for the worse; ?aye, there's the rub: For in tliat change what dreams may come, When we have link'd our destinies with woman's Should well be pondered. This is the thought That makes us hesitate so long to marry ; For who would e'er endure the whips and scorns, Th' unfeeling jests, the rude comparisons, The cold and marked neglects, the keen retorts, The slights and spurns, enough to drive hint mad, To which the bachelor is so exposed, When he himself might all those rubs escape By taking to himself awife ? Oh, who would care To breathe through such a hang-dog life as this, But that the dreaded something after marriage? That boasted union, from whose rig'rous ties The grave alone releases?haggles the will, And makes us rather bear the ills we have Than fly to others we know not of ? Thus caution keeps us daily as wc are, And thus our matrimonial inclinations Are counteracted by n thousand fears : And resolutions which might make us husbands Are by these fears deprived of all their pith And lose the hon'r of their action. LONG SERMONS. "The length of the modern sermon is a great disadvantage and a growing evil; but it is not the main cause of listlessness in the hearer: for it is not the last portion which tires us; we are tired before we get that relief; and there arc long sermons which never "^m^ar long. The fault is both in the matter aufrthe style. The topics are too generally stale, and extremely limited in their range; the public iniuJ wants variety and freshness. The mass of the truths uttered from the pulpit need no proof ; it is an idle waste of patience and skill to offer it. If all repetitions of thought were excluded, and the best of the remainder were alone retained, sermons would not be so unreasonably long. And generally the style is too verbose; it is not close, compact, nervous. 1 The rule mi</ht be, to see how much space : the gold can be made to cover; the practice is, not to bo perspicuous, convincing, brief. The word-painter fails to exhibit his own thought, probably because it is not clearly 1 conceived by himself; for he who thinks clearly and vigorously will express himself ' with sufficient perspicuity; thought shapes the style. The one radical error, not universal, but general, is excessive verbiage?' the seven grains are hid under a bushel of chaff.' 1 We are of opinion that it is the sin of the 1 age; and indiscreet persons freely bestow J their praises upon young ministers?especially if they have plenty of bold < figures'?in ( proportion to their Icing unable to remera- ( bcr anything that is said. The 1 cloud land' ' style is, in our judgment, the most offensive; 1 an accumulation of what are no better than cant terms, compound epithets, and words without definite significations; and these 1 are often accumulated into au incongruous ' mass of unintelligible jargon; yet, with many, this constitutes fine writing aud speak- 1 ing!" " < 1 NONE STAND ALONE. ? It is in the providence of God that none 1 stand alone; we touch each other; man acts < on man, heart on heart; we are bound up I with each other; hand is joined in hand; ] wheel sets wheel in motion; we are spirit- I ually linked together, arm within arm; we 1 cannot live alone, nor die alone; we cannot 1 say, I will only run risks with my own soul; < I am prepared to disobey the Lord for such ( a pleasure or such a gain, but I do not want 1 to implicate others; I only want to be an- < swerable for myself. This cannot be. Each ] living soul has its influence on others in some 1 way or to some extent, consciously or uncon- < sciously; each has some power, more or less, ] direct or indirect; one mind colors another; i a child acts on children; servants on their : . mnofprs: nn tVmsp t.lipv pm- t iciiuw dci yuuio j uuh^ww w..v>.v ? ploy; parents on their children ; friends on i friends. Even when we do not design to in- ] fluenco others, when we are not thinking in j the least degree of the effect of what we do, ' when we are unconscious that we have any . influence at all, when we do not wish our conduct or way of life to affect any but ourselves, our manner of life, our conversation, our deeds, are all the while having weight somewhere or somehow; our feet leave their impression, though we may not look behind us to sec the mark. ( A Great Country.?To give the English some idea of the extent of our domain, which they have recently talked so much about annihilating at a single blow, we would state (says a New York paper) that the distance between New York and New Orleans is more than equal to that separating London from Constantinople, or Paris from St. Petersburg. By the land route between New York and Astoria, the distance is equal to that between New York and Bremen. By the water route the distance is as great as that between Canton and London. When is a wine merchant like a ship? When he's laying in port. THE RESULT OF THE WAR. If the anticipated peace between Russia and the allied Powers is concluded, the results of the tremendous struggle which has convulsed Europe will not be uulikc the results of the battle between the Nithsdale boys, described by the Ettrick Shepherd as follows:? The history of every war is very like a scene I once saw in Nithsdale, Scotland.? Two boys from different schools met one fine day upon the ice. They eyed each other awhile in silence, with rather indignant looks, and with defiance on each b:ow. 'What are yeglowrin' at, Billy?' 'What's that to you, Donald ? I'll look wliar I've a mind, and hinder me if you daur.' <To this a hearty blow was the return; and then began such a battle! It being Satur clay, all the boys of both schools were on the ice, and the fight instantly became general. At first they fought at a distance with missile weapons, such as stones and snowballs ; but at length coming to hand they coped in a rage, and many bloody raps were liberally given and received. 'I went up to try if I could pacify them; for by this time a number of little girls had joined the affray, and I was afraid they would be killed. So, addressing one party, I asked: "What are you fighting those boys for ?? What have they done to you?' <0, nacthing at a', man; that's a.' 'My remonstrance was vain; at it they went afresh; and after fighting till they were quite exhausted, one of the principal heroes stepped forth between the combatants, himself covered with blood, and his clothes all torn to tatters, and addressing the opposing party thus:? 'Weel, I'll tell you what we'll do wi' ye; if ye II let us alauc, ice'I/ let you alanc.'? There was no more of it; the war was at an end, and the boys scampered away to their play. 'The scene was a lesson of wisdom to me. I thought at the time, and have often thought since, that this is the best epitome of war in general, that I have ever seen. Kings and ministers of state are just a set of grown children, exactly like children I speak of, with only the material difference, that instead of fighting out for themselves the needless quarrels they have raised, they sit in safety and look on, hound on their innocent but servile subjects to battle, aud then, after an immense waste of blood and treasure, are glad to make the boys' condition? 'if yc'll let us alanc, we'll let you alane.' SEVENTEEN CHILDREN. Pickens is a great district in some respects. We remember to have heard our friend, Major Whitfield, state, one day, in the Legislature, encircled by a gallery of beautiful women, that it was not uncommon to see a constituent of his the mother of twenty children ! This expression produced, we thought, something of alarm, and a sort of fluttering ' in the gallery. An old gentleman, sitting at our elbow, whose son has just married and moved to Pendleton, whispered to us that he should write to his son to quit the district. Whilst attending Pickens Court, the other day, we met our friend Captain Steele, who had been a gallant midshipman in the war of 1812 with Great Britain, and who served heroically in one of the hardest fought naval engagements during the war. He i3 now a resident of Pickens district. Some year ago he informed us that he had twelve children. We enquired of him 'how the wife and children did ?' His reply was, that he had added five more to the number, and that now he j had seventeen, all the sons and daughters of ene mother! The youngest is still nursing!. 1 Ihe oldest is just setting out for Kansas.? We thought of Major Whitfield's speech in the Legislature, aud what a fine constituency he had. The reulv of Napoleon, to Madame DeStael, when she enquired, rather pertly, who was the greatest woman living, in his . estimation, is well known to have been, 'She who has borne the greatest number of chil lren.' Fifteen years ago we remember to 1 have heard our old friend, Daniel Durham, 1 )f Pickens district, defend himself in Court, I aefore Judge Gantt, in propria persona.? , [n the course of his argument, he stated to ! die Court that he had nineteen children at ; home, all dependent, in some measure, on 1 turn for support! His Honor the Judge, ! jharged the Jury to acquit him and let him 1 ;o home to his children, and stated that it 1 was the best speech he had heard at the Bar luring that Circuit. "We could mention a j half dozen instances known to us in Pickens, ] where a mother has fifteen and twenty chil- 1 3rcn. But Greenville, in the person of John ] Bates, Sr., can beat all this. He has com- 1 menced, as our friend P. E. Duncan once ' said in a stump speech, his third dozen of 1 jhildren. One mother bore him twenty four, ( md all living, she then died, and the old ] man took himself a second wife, who had, some years ago, given birth to three more.? How many since, we know not.? Grtcnville Patriot. The Steam-Engine.?There is something awfully grand in the contemplation of a vast steam-engine. Stand amid its ponderous beams and bars, wheels and cylinders, and watch their unceasing play?how regular and Iiow powerful! The workmanship of a lady's G eneva watch is not more nicely adjusted? the rush of the avalanche is not more awful in its strength. And it ought to be a lesson to those who ridicule every new idea, and put no faith in inventions, to consider that the : complex fabric, this triumph of art and ! science, was once the laughing stock of jeering thousands, and once only the waking fan tasy of a boy's mirnl, as he sat, and seemingly in idleness, watching a little column of vapor rise from the spout of a tea-kettle ! Perhaps it is not generally known, as it should be, that salt put in the mouth will instantly relieve the convulsive moments in fits, either of children or animals. MGf A good tale badly teld, is a bad on?. An Old Man.?Among the deaths lately announced at Louisville, Kentucky, is that of Old Ben Duke, a colored man, who had reached the great age of 110 years, seven months and three days. He was a native of Maryland, and at the ago of thirty entered the service of Washington, of whom he retained a lively recollection to the period of his death. He went to Louisville when the surrounding country was an unbroken wilderness, and lived through two generations, to see it become a large bristling and thriving city. Deceased is represented as having been an upright and worthy man, a member of the Baptist Church, and of a constitution so healthy that he never had occasion for the service of a physician, and died without pain - 1 or prcYiuuBsiciiueafl. Tite Earth Crowing Colder.?It is stated by Cernian astrouomers that the sun is increasing his distance from the earth annually; and, in the course of six thousand years from the present time, it is supposed, that the distance will be so great that only an eighth part of the warmth we now enjoy from the sun will be communicated to the earth, and it will then be covered with eternal ice, in the same manner as we now see the plains of the North, where the elephant formerly lived, and have neither spring nor autumn. ipitkaL KANSAS INFORMATION. We direct attention to the interesting let ter of the Hon. J. W. Whitfield, delegate from the Territory of Kansqg to Congress, written to Hon. James Chesnut,President of the Kershaw Kansas Association, furnishing important and reliable information in regard to that new and desirable country; we say desirable, for lands that will produce from sixty to eighty bushels per acre, are certainly desirable, and this, we presume, is an average estimate, for the writer seems to speak with that confidence which assures us that his statements are neither overdrawn nor exaggerated. We are glad to learn that there are applications from our District, and that it is more than probable that we will be able to furnish our quota of men and means in furtherance of the great Southern cause in Kansas. Those who desire to go under the auspices of the Kershaw Kansas Association, are invited to call at the office of W. M. Shannon, Esq., and register their names at once, in order that the necessary arrangements may be perfected by the first of May, at which time the company are expected to leave.? Camden Journal. Correspondence of the Camden Journal Col. T. J. Warren : Dear Sir.?I have received a "very interesting -letter from the Hon. J. W. Whitfield, the delegate from the Territory of Kansas, to the Congress of the United States. I take the liberty of enclosing it to you for publication, with a view of furnishing information to those who may feel an interest in the enterprise now undertaken by the Kershaw Kansas Association. By the present condition of our subscription list we are warranted in opening an office to receive application from those who may wish to emigrate under the auspices of the Association. All rmronna vuh n mo v* hi* fhiia If MW M4UJ M V l?MM0 iUVliUVU^ will call at the office of Mr. Wm. M. Shannon; and register their names, which; it is desirable, should be done as soon as practicable, that the movement may not falter.? The company will leave here, at latest, by the 1st of May next. Very respectfully, Your friend and ob't. sv't.' JAMES CHESNUT, Jr., President. Washington, March 18, 1856. Dear Sir :?At the request of Hon. W. W. Boyce,' I take great pleasure in giviDg you such information in regard to Kansas fis will be useful to persons emigrating to that country. In regard to soil, Kansas is unsurpassed, producing from sixty to eighty bushels of corn per acre; twenty five to forty bushels of wheat per acre. The finest oats I have ever seen grow, we raise in Kansas, in fact, I have seen nothing planted in Kansas (except cotton) that does not produce more to the acre than the best lands of Tennessee. Besides being a fine grain and grass country, it is a part of the United States. Hemp is decidedly the most profitable crop now raised, and the statistics will show that the planters of Western Missouri are making more money per hand than is made in any other State in the Union. It is nothing uncommon for farmers to pay three hundred i -ii v: c nrvii. uujiure wire iin uugiu imiu per year. u line men cannot be hired for less than 525 dollars per month. In addition to our advantages as an agricultural people we have a trade with New Mexico, Utah, Oregon and California, amounting to several millions of dollars per annum, besides, our India trade amounts to more than one million per annum. In addition the government for mili tary supplies expend a very large sum. Military stores are sent out to all the posts of New Mexico and the Indian country, and to give you some idea of the amount of transportation required for that department?one firm last year employed over seventeen hundred men, and twelve hundred wagons, each drawn by twelve oxen. Kansas is the starting noint for all emigrants cninc West of O t - - 0 O us. I was raised in Tennessee, and have been in nearly every State in the Uuion, and I say to you in all candor, that I have never seen any country that possesses as many advantages to new or old settlers as Kansas. Our friends in Western Missouri?with similar soil to Kansas, make from six to eight hundred dollars a hand per annum. This will, I have no doubt, seem large to you, but I assure you it is strictly true. The climate of Kansas I regard as being far better than in Tennessee; from 1st Sep tember until 1st March we have but little rain?mostly clear, dry weather. The past winter has been, though, colder than ever known before. Our country I regard as very healthy; in some localities ohilis and fever prevail to some extent?we have no pulmonary diseases in Kansas. In regard to supplies you can procure anything you may want in Missouri?if 3 ou get to Kansas by May or June you can raise plenty of corn. Our lands are ready cleared?you can make your location one day and commence farming next. In conclusion permit me to thank you, and to thank the people of South Carolina for the noble effort they are now making to assist us in preventing the best country, in my opinion, in the United States from falling into the hands of the Abolitionists. Respectfully your ob't servant. J. W. WHITFIED. Hon. Jas. Chesnut, jr. WAR IN THE UNITED STATES. It is a common remark that the United States are at peace. Clergymen are in the habit of felicitating the country on the exemption we enjoy from the devastating effects of war. A distinction must be drawn here. If by war we understand such a life and death struggle as has lately been waged in the Crimea?if to constitute a war, a nation must be drained of her resources, driven to suspend the usual political guarantees in order to concentrate her strength, and forced to fight, tooth and nail, for her hearths and her homes, her fame and her national existence?then, certainly, the United States are happily preserved from the curse of war. But if wholesale butchery of human beings, if campaigns in the field, if sieges, rapid marches, countermarches, pitched battles and treacherous ambuscades; if these cannot exist id the absence of a state of war, then the United States are at war, not on one side, but on four at !east. Our last accounts from Florida announce that the Indian war has broken out there again. There beiDg no Sominole organs to give us the Indian version of the story, we are reduced to rely on the newspapers published by the white men; and they concur in imputing the outbreak of hostilities to the commission of new atrocities by the Seminoles. At all events, we hear of houses being burned, and individuals scalped; and before long we shall certainly hear of the troops taking the field, and battles being fought. Then, on the borders of Texas, war is the normal condition of the country. There are flashes of peace, traces of a few weeks or months at a time; and then the war breaks out again, and there is warm work. In Nebraska Colonel Harney is hard at work killing off the Indians; in Washington Territory there is also a terrible Indian war, which has already cost a million of dollars; and the . Dregonians, on their side, have managed to getup^"tei^?etty war, in which somehow an impression " a^roa(^ that thav are in the wroDg. All these wars awTrXfJ*? rious affairs. The plans of operations are iL. Al L! A TS.M? 3 ... (.lie same as wese wnicu reiiissier ana uort* schakoff pursue; and in proportion to the umbers engaged, the number of persons killed is probably greater. These are quite independent of the civil war in Kansas, and the proposed war with England. So the less we say about our hap* py condition of peace, the better. New York Herald. ADMISSION OF NEW STATES. How much tolerance does the South, the parent of the new States, exhibit, in permitting them to enter the Union with constitutions prohibiting slavery! They ask to participate in all the principles the old thirteen, saying, at the same time, " We are holier than you;" ? The blot of slavery is not on our escutcheon." To the present slave States, they, in effect, say, ? You, it is true, have given to the Union, or have been chiefly instrumental in acquiring for the Union, all her territories; but you are & wicked, degraded race, and must not contaminate us with your vile institution of slavery." If the new States were within the Frigid Zone, where the negro would be at all times useless, it would only add wantonness to the insult, tor tbe prohibition would be unnecessary. The prohibition of slavery is always either a wanton insult, or a gross wrong to* the South. The Federal Government, aa the agent of the States, may or may not admit new States into the Union, as it pleases. In admitting them, it is bound to do equal justice to the North and to the South. It does perpetrate gross and palpable injustice to the South, when it permits a forward child to be remitted to the rights of manhood, when its very petition is accompanied with insult and wrong to one of its parents. If we of the South admit that slavery is immoral or inexpedient in new States, we cannot maintain that it is right anywhere. We thereby yield the great principle for which abolition contends, and furnish it a lever and fulcrum with which to upset our domestic institutions. Hereafter, in admitting any Northern State prohibiting slavery, it should be with an understanding on the part of the South, that ?it submits to admission, not as a matter of right, but for the sake of peace, and because it will not quarrel about a useless abstraction." Without some such procedure on the part of the South, the admission of any State excluding slavery, is the assertion that slavery is morally wrong and inexpedient. vrri tnVflfl fViA diofmnt YY 11CUCYC1 tug ? ground, that her institutions are righteous, honorable and expedient, as those of the North, she will find her defenoe easy. Until she does this, until she asserts her equality in morality, as well as in right, she invites, nay, she justifies, the attacks of abolition. Richmond Enquirer. 19* It is better to be alone than in bad company. 19 He who has a wolf for his companion must carry a dog under hie cloak.