Newspaper Page Text
? ' .'T* "* '' *7$ ' .' : V'*' . -' " j|? /? :, ;^| v^|
. * , "' " <e" * * - - - - - '- - : '' 11 ' ? \ p - . sahx^melton j*10? '0"- An Independent Journal: For the Promotion of the Political, Social, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of the South. |lewish.grist,Publisher, t VOL. 2 YOBKYILLE, S. C., THURSDAY, JULY IP, 1856. NO. 38. ; 'Stkt |loetn). THE DRY GOOD'S CLERK. BY THE TALE STUDENT. Oh! is it not a pleasing life, To be a clerk in a dry-good store? To laugh away at care and strife, And toss new linens o'er and o'er? What matter if one's eyes are gray? What boots it if one's hair is light, Oh hath he not the maidens gay To chat to him from morn to night.' 'Tis said he works from early day Until the clock strikes eight at night: That half his time is thrown away On fair ones who won't buy a mite; But why should he repine at that, As he keeps tossing cambric o'er ? The ladies all are bless'd with chat, And like the clerks in a dry-good store! The rich man may have jolly times, ^ (Provided he is free from gout,) P If he knows how to spend his dimes, And hug them when there's rogues about: The student may look wond'rous wise, And blow in crowds about his lore, Rnt it Tcrmld fill them with surnrise To work awhile in a drv-good store! Now talk no more of this ov that? Of hunting after jewels rare;? Of butcher trade that makes men fat,? Of farmers breathing country air! They're all a false alluring sham, And will be praised, of course, the more: But ther'e nothing like the fancy man Who wins the girls in a dry-good store ! % Moral feai). [published by request.] PIMM AJ5DJSIVERSAL LAWS. It has been very justly remarked, that the precepts of the law of Moses though that ^ code was designed for a peculiar people un" der ueculiar circumstances, embody and set forth those eternal and unchangeable principles of right and justice, upon which all good laws and all sound morality must forever be founded. We earnestly solicit careful attention to the following brief exposition of a LAW, embodying an immutable principle, and consequently as imperative upon us as on any individuals or nations in past time. "If an ox gore a man or a woman that they die, then the ox shall be stoned?but the oicner shall be quit. But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in ; but that he hath hilled a man or a icoman, the ox shall be stoned, and his oicner a/so shall be put to death."?Exodus xxi. 28, 29. The principle of this law is all that wc are concerned with at present. And it is a very plain one?and a very broad one? brought out here in a specific case, but extending to ten thousand others. } It is tins. Every man is responsible to God.for the evils which result from his selfishness, or his indifference to the welfare of others. This principle will help us to illustrate the law. "If an ox goYe a man or a woman, that they die, then the ox shall surely be stoned, but the owner of the ox shall be quit." The design in stoning the ox, was to produce an effect upon men?to show them how highly the law-giver valued human life. The very i iL.i j?x j ;j. _i l j i i. c iL Deasi mat aesiruyeu it shuuju ue uusi xuiiu as an abomination. God says to Noah : "Tour blood of your lives will I require: at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man." A stigma shall be fixed upon mau or beast that shall destroy him who is made after the similitude of God. But why is the owner in this case quit, or guiltless? Simply because the death is not in any way the result of his carelessness, or of his selfishness. From anything within his knowledge I he had no reason to expect such a result.? I But if the ox hath been wont to push with his horns, and he knew it, he shall be responsible for the consequences, whatever they may be. For he had every reason to expect that mischief would be done, and took no measures to prevent it. And if the ox kill a man or womvn, the owner hath done the murder, he shall be put to death. Why ? The death was the result of the selfishness, or of his indifference to the lives of others. And accordiug to the law of God, his life shall go for it. The principle of this law, is a principle of common sense. You see a fellow creature struggling iu the water. You know that he can never deliver himself. And you know that a very little assistance, such as you can render, will rescue him from a watery grave. You look on and pass by. True, you did not thrust him in. But he dies by your neglect. His blood will be upon your head. At the bar of God, and at the bar of conscience you k are his murderer. Why? You did not kill p1 him. Neither did the owner of the ox lift a hand. But he shall surely he put to death. You had no malice, neither had he. You did not intend his death?at the very worst, you did not care. This is just his crime. He did not care. He turned loose a wild, fiery, ill-tempered, ungovernable animal, knowing him to be such: and what mischief that animal might do, or what suffering he might cause, he did not care. But God held him responsible. Take another case upon the same principle. And it is concerning this which has caused fear and trembling to most of us.? Your dog has gone mad. You hate to kill him, for he has or had some good qualities. You hate to tie him up, for it is too much trouble: and you hate worst of all, to believe that he is mad. It has been testified to you that many have died of his bite, already raving mad; and that many more in different stages of the disease, are coming to the same miserable death, JtJut still you will neither fc shoot nor shut up the cause of this wretchedness. You affect to doubt whether any one of them had the real hydrophobia, or whether the bite will produce the same effects again : and so you leave him loose among your neighbors and your neighbors' children. Is it not a dictate of common seuse, that you ought to be responsible for the result ? And you are. All that perish by means of this animal are virtually slain by your hand.? They owe their death to your carelessness or your selfishness, and it is in vain for you to say?I had no malice, I did not set the <lo<j on?they might have kept out ot tnc way, and if he was mad, it was none of my concern; let eyery one look out for himself. Would not this be adding insult to injury: and instead of proving your innocence, prove you a wretch past feeling ? But what has all this to do with the object of this address ? Much, every way. We wish to act upon established principles. We have endeavored to establish one principle, viz : that every man is responsible for evils which result from his own selfishness, or indifference to the lives of men. In other words; to make a man responsible for results, it is not necessary to prove that he has malice, or that he intended the results. The high-wayman has no malice against him he robs and murders, nor does he desire his death, but his money: and if he can get the money he does not care. And he robs and murders because he loves himself, and does not care fur others, acting in a ditfercnt way, but on the same selfish principle with the owner of the ox, and ot' the mad dog, and on the very same principle, is held responsible. In the trial of the owner of the ox, the only questions to be asked, were these two. Was the ox wont to push with his horn in time past? Did the owner know it when he let him loose? If both of these questions were auswered in the affirmative, the owner was responsible fur all the consequences. This is a rule which God himself has estab- j lished; and it applies directly to the object of this address. Is ardent spirit wont to produce misery, and wretchedness, and death ? Has this been testified to those who deal in it, i. e. makers and retailers ? If these two things can be established, the inference is inevitable,?they are responsible, on a principle perfectly intelligible?a principle recoguised and proclaimed, and acted upon by God himself. It is possible that some may startle at this conclusion, and look around for some way to escape it. What 1 is a man responsible to God for the eifects produced by all the spirit which he makes and sells? This is a most fearful responsibility. Indeed it is. But if these two things are true, every retailer and maker must bear it. And can either of these be disputed? Turn your attention to these two facts: 1st. Ardent spirit is wont to produce misery. 2d. Those who make or sell it, are perfectly aware of its effects. 1 will not insult any man's understanding, by entering into a labored proof of these positions. I'p ou the fust point, let me refresh your recollection, and bring vividly before you, the hopes which ardent spirit has blasted, and the tears it has caused to flow. Most of us can remember many a shocking scene which spirit has produced. Let any one of us set down and count up the number of its victims, which we have known?and their character and their standing in society, and their prospects, and their happy families, and what a change a few years use of ardent spirit has caused, and what they and their families are now. What a catalogue of wretchedness might any one [of us make out. Very few but could remember 20, 30, 50, or 100'families ruined in this way? some of them once our most intimate friends ?and their story is soon told. They were once promising?excited high expectations, were high spirited, despised every thing mean, and had a special contempt for a drunkard; and had a prophet proclaimed that they themselves should be all that they dispiscd, they would have repelled it as a thing impossible. "Is thy servant a dog, as said Hazael, "that he should do this great thing?'' But they could driuk occasionally, just for a spree, for the sake of company. In this way the taste was acquired, and habits of dissipation formed. They became idle, and of course uneasy. And they drank partly to gratify taste and partly to quiet conscience. They saw that the tide was coining in upon them, and for a time, perhaps, made some earnest but irregular struggles against it. But it gained upou them. Every flow of the tide drove in some barrier?the resistance became weaker and weaker?by and by the struggle is ended, and they float with the current: and where arc they? One has been found by the temperance reformation a mere wreck? in property, character, boily and mind, a mere wreck, and 0 miracle ! reclaimed. After years of dissipation, after causing unspeakable misery, he is saved, yet so as by tire. Another is dead: his constitution could not bear such a continued course of dissipation. Another died in a fit?another was found by the road side one cold morning a stiffened corpse. Another was thrown from his horse, and is a cripple for life, but still can contrive means to pay a daily visit to the grocery. Another is a mere vagabond, unprincipled and shameless?wandering from i grocery to grocery?lit companion for the lowest company. Drinking upon their bounty yea, drinking their leavings?the mere rinsings of the glasses?a nuisance to society, and a curse to his kindred. Another is in the penitentiary, for a crime which he committed in a drunken frolic, do into the crowded court-house, and you may sec another: his countenance haggard and ghastly, and his eye wildly rolling in despair. What has he done ? One night after spending all 1*1.- f/M* /JrlnL' mif? 1 f?i IIO* about till I ma iiiuui'jr *v* \a**???*j ??"?- 0 all the shops were closed, he returned to his miserable habitation. He found a few coals ou the hearth, and his wife and children sitting by them. He threw one child this way, and another that, for he was cold. His wife remonstrated, and withal told him that what little lire there was, was none of his providing. With many a horrid oath he declared he would not be scolded after that sort. He would let her know who should ? t r - ? 'r 'i V '' *?: . ? . govern, and by way of sharing his authority, beat her braius out with the remaining stick of wood. lie did not mean to kill her.? Her dying struggles brought him to his senses, and he stood horror struck. He would give almost any thing that the deed were not done. If that could restore her to life, he would be almost ready to give a pledge never to taste ardent spirit again. Now look at the wretchedness of this family. For years he has made very little provision for them; for they have lived as they could, half naked and half starved, and not educated at all? with a most wretched example before their eyes. What encouragement had the wife or the children to attempt any tning?to make any exertion. The children are abused and trampled on at home, and they grow up without self-respect, without shame and without principle. Can any thing respectable be expected of them? And if they do rise, it must be through a world of difficulty. How many thousand families have been ruined in some such way as this? The father was a drunkard, and the mother? what could she do? She endured, hoping against hope?and for the children's sake bore up against the current, and many a time disguised a sad despairing heart under a joyful countenance, till at length she died of a broken heart; or died at the hands of him who had sworn to protect her! These, and things like these, are the effects of ardent spirit?not casual, accidental, but common, natural effects, seen every where, in every town, in every neighborhood and in every connection. Look which way we will, we see some of these effects. The greatest wretchedness which human nature in this world is called to endure, is connectnrl until tlin nsfl nf ardent snirit. rIhere is I VW *' ? '? nothing else that degrades and debases man like it?nothing so mean that a drunkard will not sloop to it?nothing too base for him to obtain bis favorite drink. Nothing else so sinks the whole man?so completely destroys, not only all moral principle, but all self-respect, all regard to character, all shame, all human feeling. The drunkard can break out from every kind of endeariug connexion, and break over every kind of restraint; so completely extinct is human feeling, that he can be drunk at the funeral of his dearest relative, and call for drink in the last accents of expiring nature. Now look at a human being, whom God has made for noble purposes, and endowed i with noble faculties, degraded, disgraced, polluted, unfit for heaven, and a nuisance on earth. lie is the centre of a circle?count up his influence in his family and his neighborhood?the wretchedness lie endures,.and the wretchedness he causes?count up the tears of a wretched wife, who curses the day of her espousal, and of wretched children who curse the day of their birth. To all this positive evil which ardent spirit has caused, add the happiness which but for it, this family might have enjoyed and communicated. Go through a neighborhood or a town in this way, count up all the misery which follows iu the train of ardent spirit, and you will be ready to ask, can the regions of eternal death send forth anything more deadly? Wherever it goes, the same cry may be heard?lamentation and mourning and woe; and whatever things are pure, or lovely, or venerable, or of good report, fall before it. These are the effects and I need not say more upon this point. Can any man deny that "the ox is wont to push with the horns?" 2d. Hath this been testified to the owner? or arc the makers and retailers aware of its effects ? The effects are manifest, and they have eyes, ears and understandings as well as others. They know whatever profit they make is at the expense of human life or comfort ; and that the tide which is swelled by their unhallowed merchandize sweeps ten thousand yearly to temporal and eternal ruin. But this is not all. The attention of the public has of late been strongly turned to this subject. The minds of men have been enlightened, and their responsibility pressed home upon them. The subject has been presented to them in a new light, and men cannot but see the absurdity of reprobating the tempted while the tempter is honored? of blaming drunkards and holding in reputation those whose business it is to make drunkards. But are the makers of ardent spirits aware of its effects ? Look at the neighborhood of a distillery?an influence goes forth from that spot which reaches miles around?a kind of constraining influence, that brings in the poor and wretched, and thirsty, and vicious. Those who have money i .v xi L _ i v.-: Dnng 11?mose wuo nave uuue uimgcuru? those who have neither bring household furniture?those who have nothing bring themo o selves and pay in labor. Now, the maker knows all these men, and knows their temperament, and probably knows their families. He can calculate effects ; and he sends them off, one to die by the way, another to abuse his family,and others just ready for anydeed of wickedness. Will he say that he is not responsible, and, like Cain, ask, "am I my brother's keeper?" He knew what might be the result, and for a mere pittanceof gain, was willing to risk it. Whether this man should abuse his family, or that man die by the way, so his purpose was answered, he did not care. The ox was wont to push with his horn, and lie knew it; and for a little paltry gain he let him loose ; and God will support his law iu all its extent, by holding him responsible for all the consequences.? Hut a common excuse is, that "very little of our manufacture is used in the neighborhood; we send it off." *v , _ i i _ ji i __ ? if. Are its enects any icss ucauiy : jlu mis way you avoid seciny the effects, and poison strangers instead of neighbors. What would you say to a man who traded in clothes, infected with the small pox or cholera? and who should say by way of apology?that he sent them off?he did uot sell any in the neighborhood. Goodman! he is willing to send disease and death all abroad! but he is too kind-hearted to expose his neighbors.? Would you not say to him, you may send them off, but you cannot send off the respon_ sibility. The eye of God goes with them, and all the misery which they cause will be charged to you. So we say to the man who sends his spirits off. "But if I do not make it, somebody else will." What sin or crime cannot be excused in this way ? I kncAv of a plot to rob my neighbor; If I do not go and plunder him somebody else will? Is it a privilege to bear the responsibility of sending abroad pestilence, and misery, and death ? "Our cause is going down," said Judas, "and a price is set upon the head of our master; and if I do not betray him somebody else will. And why may not I as well pocket the money as another? If you consider it a privilege to pocket the wages of unrighteousness, do so. But do not pretend to be the friend of God or man, while you count it a privilege to insult the one and ruin the other. This is the most common excuse for retailing. "I wish it were banished from the earth? But then what can I do?" What can you do? You can keep one man clear, you can wash your hands of this wretched business. And if you are not willing to do that, very little reliance can be placed on your good wishes. He that is unjust in the least, is unjust also in much. I can hardly conceive anything more inconsistent with every generous feeling, every noble principle, than retailing ardent spirit at the present day. The days of ignorance on this subject have passed by; every man acts with his eyes open. Look at the shop and company of the retailer. His principal furniture is a barrel, two or three bottles, and a half dozen glasses. He has a few other things just for a show, brooms, earthenware, tobacco, <tc. The inventory is soon made. I say he has a few other things?for even he is ashamed to appear as a dealer in spirit only. His shop needs no sign?every drunkard knows it as it were by instinct. And even the blind might discover itby infallible tokens, and the company is a combination of all the shameless and profligate. And there stands the retailer in the midst of dissipation, and human nature, in its last stages of enrthlv wretchedness, in all its degraded forms and filthy appearances, suriounding him. And his whole business is to kindle strife, to encourage profanity, to excite every evil passion, to destroy all salutary fears, to remove every restraint, and to produce a recklessness, that regards neither God nor man?and how often in the providence of God is he given over to drink his own poison, and to become the most wretched of this wretched company. Who can behold an instance of this kind without feeling that God is just to hiin. "He sunk down into the pit which he made, in the net which he hid is his own foot." When we think of the years he has spent in this service, the quantity he has scattered abroad, and the misery he has caused, who can calculate the responsibility ? And who would envy him, though he had accumulated a fortune; or who would take his gains, burdened with all the responsibility? But I some one will say, I neither make nor sell it. But you drink it occasionally, and your example goes to support the use of it. You see its tremendous effects, and yet you receive it into your houses and bid it GodI speed. As far as your influence supports it and gives it currency, so far are you a partaker of its evil deeds. If you lend your influence-to make the path of ruin respectable, or will not help to affix disgrace to that path, God willjnot hold you guiltless. You cannot innocently stand aside and do nothing. A deadly poison is circulating over the land, carrying disease, and desolation, and death in its course. The alarm has been given?a hue and cry has been raised against it. Its deadly effects have been described, seen and felt. Its victims are of every class: and however wide the difference in fortune, education, intellect, it brings them to the same dead level. An effort has been made to stay the plague; and a success surpassing all expectation has crowned the effort. Still the placrue rases to an immense extent. What will ever}' good citizen do? Will he not clear his house, his shop, his premises of it ? Will he not take every precaution to defend himself against it, and use his influence and his exertions to diminish its circulation, and thus diminish human misery ? If he fears God or regards man, can he stop short of this? Cau he, in the plentitude of his selfishness, stand up and say, "I'll make no promises?I'll not be bound?I am in no danger ?" If he can say this, and stand aloof, shall we count him a good citizen ? I speak as unto wise men: judge ye what I say. THE DIFFERENCE. Said once, with a sneer, a purse-proud rich man, just stepping into his carriage with his wife and daughters, be-decked in costly velvet and furs, to a poor laborer on the walk shoveling coal. "Joe, if you had not drunk rum, you might have been riding in a carrige as good as mine, for nothing else but rum, could have prevented a man of your talent and opportunities for making money, from accumulating a fortune." "True enough," replied Joe, "and if you had not sold the rum and tempted me and others to drink and become drunkards, vou might now have been my driver, for rumselling was the ouly business by which you ever made a dollar in your life!" There are hundreds, not to say thousands, of Joe's to-day in our State. At almost every turn you find a Joe, but only here and there roll along in ease and wealth one of those who made them what they are; for while rum is sure, if used to excess, to sooner or later scatter wealth, prostrate talent and business capacity, and reduee the once loved and respected to the ranks of the too much despised menial; scarcely less sure is it that rum selling does not often bring with it riches and affluence. "lie that diggeth a pit shall surely fall into it," and the exceptions to this proverb, are rare and far between, in the case of the pit-digging rum seller. Seven-eights of all who have been fc- ' % r? in the business in this State for the past twenty-five years, have cither been ruined by it themselves, or some of the children have been thus ruined, and degredation and poverty have followed. Of the remaining eighth, not over one half, or one-sixteenth of the whole number, have come out of the business themselves sober men, with money in their pockets. This may be considered an unwarrantable statement, but investigation proves its entire truth, as all may ascertain by carefully gathering the statistics of the traffic. The "truth of history" is, that while rum-sellers may "wax fat and kick" for a time, living lavishly on their counted ill-gotten gains, the day of rett ibutinn comes, and their fnl] and infamy is complete. But what of the Joe's.? They have been and still are numerous enough, to have their sad fate a warning written in "characters of living fire:" over the door of every drinking house in the land, and proclaimed in thunder-tones, in the ears of every one yet free, undying hostility to the accursed system that so debases and mars God's noblest workmanship. "If you had not drank rum," &c. How mnny endowed by nature with intellects susceptible of the highest cultivation, possessed of rare social virtues, would have occupied the place for which they were apparently designed, but for rum, i. e. the traffic; while those vastly inferior in every respect, after having led them step by step aloDg the road to ruin, scornfully spurn and tautalize them over their fall, and what they might have been, but for rum. "If you had not sold !" words full of dreadful import; the whole truth in a sentence.? Sell, drink, shame, poverty, death! Strange it is, that those who visit for purpose of drink, the liquor sellers infernal precints, should not have found out the close connection between the sale and their own ruin ; that their money and the suffering of their own families, tills the rumscller's till, and feeds and supports his ; that he gives his money the power to lord it over him.? Strauge did we say that they do not know it! They do not know it! Then why do they drink? Accursed appetite, dreadful infatuation, leads them on. The fatal wand of the rum-seller's fell spirits is over him ; he would not drink, and yet does drink ; he would be a man, and yet makes himself the brute! What then can save him ? Just such a law of inhibition strictly enforced, as that now on our statute book. It steps in between the victim and his destroyer. # It lays its strong grasp upon bottles, decanters, and barrels, and moves them from his reach, it stretches further and wider its fingers, and seizes upon the person of him who is the front and head of the mischief, and, if needs be, put him also out of the way; goes still fnvt.bpr. nnrl pIi-ispq fVip rliinrs nf Tiia l.i7nr j house. Appetite impels the victim to seek for its wonted stimulant, but seeks in vain. At last it yields to necessity, reason returns, freedom is gained, and he who but recently was a slave, now rejoices in thrice welcome deliverance. Glad result! Friends of temperance are you not willing to labor with increased dilligcnce to accomplish it. There are hundreds of Joe's yet in the State, bound hand and foot in the galling bondage of the trafficker. It is for you to save them. There are still scores of the foul fiends who continue in secret places and dark corners to ply their enginery of death. Seek them out, apply the remedy, and save them from self-destruction. Heed not their threats or whinings. Find them out! so shall you prevent double sacrifice. LETTER FROM GEN. CARY. The following letter is from Gen. Cary, in response to one written by W. Thurlow Caston, Esq., G. W. P. Sons of Temperance of S. C., accompanying the Gold "Watch presented by the Grand Division: College Hill, Ohio, June 10,1856. Dear Sir :?I received at the hands of Bro. A. M. Kennedy, of Camden, your note of the 28th ultimo, together with the very valuable Watch and Chain presented me through you as a testimonial from the Grand Division of South Carolina. My brethren in your jurisdiction have given me many proofs of their per: on .1 regard, overestimating, I fear, the value of my services in "the cause of all mankind." I gratefully accept this testimonial, and when I would attempt a record of my feelings, I am impressed with that mournful defectiveness oi language which must ever make it an imper feet vehicle of the profound and swelling out goings of an excited heart. No material expression could have been better adapted to the end of constant remembrance, and useful suggestion. The Watch shall always be about my person, and as often as its rich beauty greets my eye, it will remind me of those deeply implanted feelings of fraternal bosoms, which dictated the gift?more enduring than gold itself, and certainly more responsive to the wants of. a throbbing heart. As each tick of its busy action strikes my ear I shall be reminded of the speedy jflight of time, and that what is done by me for the weal of man must be done soon, and will be provoked I hope to that activity which should never cease till mankind has been delivered from the curse of the liquor traffic. As time is ever on the wing and as hours passed are gone forever, "to give it then a tongue is wise in man."? As from beneath my pillow the hurried strokes of this Watch are heard by me in reflective contrast with the stillness of the night, I shall think with bleeding sympathy of the long, long, and sombre hours which cruelly prolong their stay, with her who lies on a couch of straw in the tossings of an inceptive and mocking death, or bends in weeping solicitude over the sleeping babe of her affection, awaiting the staggering return of a rum-ruined husband. I must not, then, sleep the sleep of indifference till, from every hill-top and valley of our Republic the talismanic touch of prohibition shall have caused the now withering hearts of uncount ed thousands to gush forth in the thrilling peals of a great salvation. I will cherish this gift asa sacred treasure, and when time shall be to me no longer, and the pulsations of this now throbbing heart are stilled, I will commit it to my children as a trophy honorably won, and as a memento of a father's place in the warm and sympathising hearts of his brothers of South Carolina. Gratefully and Fraternally Yours, S. F. CARY. Select 3$taIIang. From the Newberry Rising Sun. SECRET ESPIONAGE. It is not generally known that in almost every village and town in the interior of the country, certain persous of the community are employed by merchants and agencies in larger cities to report the character and standing of men engaged in business in their immediate district or county. All this may be very well. It may probably afford to the wholesale dealer, or to the agencies in Charleston, New York, Baltimore and Philadelphia some imperfect knowledge of the circumstances of the country dealer, and we might admit farther that occasionally tolerably correct statements may be given. But as a general rule, it cannot be relied on, and is injurious both to the wholesale dealers and the country merchants. It is impossible for any man to know the exact condition of others. For instance; a man who is a farmer, perhaps, badly involved, only known to a few, yet, honest, upright and respectable, may enter nr>nn mprehnndisin<rnndpr the mistaken notion, as many do, that he will realize a fortune in a few years, pay up his debts, &c. He commences busines with a fair reputation and property, purchases goods at the above mentioned places, and the secret reporter, from what he actually sees and hears, reports favorably. Now, how is he to know. He is too cautious to make known his business as a reporter, and only obtains his information by secret means, consequently it is not safe ? Again, a young man or a couple of young men, who, perchance, have been employed as clerks and who have a gocd reputation for honesty, sobriety, and but w'th small capital, conclude to embark in business on their "own hook." Letters of recommendation are obtained, most probably one from the reporter, who has not the moral courage openly to excuse himself or even favor the wholesale dealer or agency whom he is employed with what he believes, looking forward, perhaps, as he does, to its aiding his popularity at home.? In many instances those young men after they have purchased their goods, launch into speculations wildly and recklessly with the steam-progressive notion of the age, to get rich suddenly and quickly. The result is heavy losses, a failure to meet the payments | of drafts and notes ; an assignment is made _ __ .1 il- . J! a "A _1 A A._ A ana me creauora gei aooui icn cents ia me dollar or perchance nothing at all. In some instances the secret reporter may have a grudge, reports unfavorably even wheu the mau is solvent, and to a certain extent impairs his credit. In auother instance, when called upon to report, he renders it in, owing to certain circumstances which he may know, or with which rumor may have furnished him without a just and accurate knowledge of the condition or circumstances of the man, which may prove, as it is reported, either hurtful to the wholesale or retail dealer. Now, we hold it?this system of secret espionage?to be utterly wrong and wholly at war with every principle of justice, liberality and honesty. The secret reporter, iu one instance, pronounces his sentence upon a man industrious, economical, honest and energetic, promoted by malice toward him, which is unknown to the wholesale dealer, and hangs like an incubus on the country merchant?the cause of which is wrapped in mystery to his mind. On the other hand the secret reporter reports favorably of men without a due and honest investigation of their circumstances and capabilities, because they may give him business, or that he may find it difficult to obtain his informa1 tion or relies upon what some friend of the party may say, which in the end results in loss to the wholesale dealer. It frequently happens, that men entirely ' innocent of such things arc charged with and criminated as the party concerned, which charges, though utterly false, even if proved up clearly, are difficult to be erased from the minds of those who take up or receive the information that such is the case. Now, we maintain the true policy to be ?that this matter of reporting should be i V 1 t t 1 TC iL done openiy ana aDove Doara. j.i me saieiy and security of the wholesale merchant at a distance renders it necessary that this "system of being posted up in regard to the circumstances of country merchants" should be kept up, let an agency be established in every village, a branch of the fountain head from larger cities, or let the reporter's name be made publicly known. By this means a truer, more correct, more honest, more liberal knowledge and information of the circumstances and standing of every business man, or of every man entering into business can and could be obtained. Partiality, prejudice and negligence could nor would not enter so largely in reports. The system would insure to a certain extent reliability, the wholesale dealer would be safer in his transactions and the country on a securer footing in regard to his standing and reputation.? As it is the wholesale dealer has no security ^1?a frAtn flip JU LUC CVMlCCLUCa Ui LUC ICJA/lUj uvu V? fact that any one who acts the part of a spy upon his neighbors is unworthy of credit. S&* The Congregation of Rhode Island have resolved to discontinue fellowship with the Presbyterians, both Old and Newfichool. The slavery question is the matter IK. issue. fc> ? .... c THE SIN & FOLLY OF SCOLDING. 1. It is a sin against God.?It is evil, and only evil, and that continually. David understood human nature and the law of God. He says, "Fret not thyself in any wise to do evil. That is, never fret or scold, for it is r always a sin. If you cannot speak without fretting or scolding keep silence. 2. It destroys affection.?No one ever did, ever can, or ever will love an habitual fret- ^ ter, fault-finder, or scolder. Husbands, * wives, children, relatives, domestics, have no affection for peevish, fretful, fault-finders. Few tears are shed over the graves of such. Persons of high moral principles may tolerate them?may bear with them. But they cannot love them more than the sting of nettles, or the noise of musquitoes. Many a man has been driven to the tavern, to sliaainatiAt? kr o ny a wife has been made miserable by a peevish, fretful husband. It is the banc of domestic happiness.?-A fretful, peevish, complaining, faultfinding person in a family, is like the continual chafing of an inflamed sore. Woe to the man, woman, or child, who is exposed to the Influence of such a temper in another I Ninetenths of all domestic trials and unbappiness springs from this source. Mrs. D. is of this - ' temperament. She wonders her husband is _ ^ not more fond of her company; that her children give her so much trouble; that do- ; * mestics do not like to work for her; that she ? cannot secure tlia good will of young people. The truth is she is peevish and fretful.? Children fear her, and do not love her. She never yet gained the affections of a young >'? person, nor ever will, till she leaves off fret- '"V ting. 4. It defeats the end of family government.?Good family government is the blen- ' ding authority with affection so as to secure r respect and love. Indeed this is the great secret of managing young people. Now, * your fretters may inspire fear, but they always make two faults where they correct one. ecoiding at a cmid, sneering at a child, taunting a child, treating a child as though it had no feelings, inspires dread and dislike, and fosters those very dispositions, from which many of the faults of childhood proceed. Mr. G-. and Mrs. F. are of this class. Their children are made to mind? but how ? Mrs. F. frets at, and scolds her * children. She is severe enough upon their faults. She seems to watch them in order to find fault. She sneers at them. Treats them as though they had no feelings. She seldom gives them a command without a threat, and a long, running, fault finding commentary. When she chides, it is not done in a dignified manner. She raises her voice, puts on a cross look, threatens, strikes them, pinches their ears, slaps their hands, &c. The children cry, pout; sulk, and*, poor Mrs. F. has to do her work over pretty often. Then she will find fault with her husband, because he does not fall in with her ways or chime with her as chorus. ' 5. Fretting and scolding make hypocrite*. ^ ?As a fretter never receives confidence and affection, so no one likes to tell them any-' thing disagreeable, and thus procure for * themselves a fretting. Now children con- . ccal as much as they can from such persons. They cannot make up their minds to be frank and open-hearted. So husbands con-;! ? ceal from their wives and wives from their,-a, husband. For man may be brave as a lion, -.|5pr but he likes not to come in contact with net-: ^ ties and musquitoes. 6. It destroys one's peace of mind.?The more one frets the more he may. A fretter will always nave enougn to irei at. especially if he or she has the bump of order and neatness largely developed. Something will always be out of place. There will always be some dirt somewhere. One will not eat right, look right, talk right; he will not do these things so as to please them. And fretters are generally to selfish as to have no regard for any one's comfort but their own. 7. It is a mark of a vulgar disposition. ^ ?Some persons have so much gall in their f.'fi disposition, are so selfish, that they have no regard to the feelings of others. All things must be done to please them. They make their husbands, wives, children, domestics, the conductors by which their spleen ^nd ill nature are discharged. Woe to the children who are exposed to such influences I It makes them callous and unfeeling, and when they grow up they pursue the same course with their own children, or those entrusted to their management; and thus the race of fretters is perpetuated. Any person who is in the habit of fretting at their husbands, wives, children or domestics, shows either a bad disposition, or else ill-breeding; for it is generally your ignorant low bred people that are guilty of such things. >8?"* Two medals were lately found in the grave of an Indian Chief, upon the eastern border of Illinois. One is American and the other English, and are such as was presented bv the two governments to Sachems whose friendship they desired to conciliate. The American medal is eliptic in shape, and four by five and a half inches in dimensions. Upon one side it has engraved a figure, intended to represent Washington in conversation with an Indian warrior. They are smoking the calumet, the tomahawk is on the ground, a tent in the rear, and a yoke of oxen in the back ground. The inscription is "George Washington, President, 1792." Upon the reverse is the American eagle.? The English medal is circular, four inches in diameter, and evidently struck with a die. It has the King's head, with the inscription, "George III, Dei Gratia." On the reverse is the British arms. The medals are of pure silver, weigh each about four ounces, and were found, together with a number of trinkets, in a grave in one of the most extensive Indian cemeteries inthe West. J@- "What cannon is that ?" asked a person who beard the hundred guns on Mountjoy, on occount of the nomination. "Bu-cannon, of course," was the response. "Well, it has the right ring to it."