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Scop ? Jfarfs.
The North Carolina papers generally I speak of recent heavy rains throughout the ; State. "A hung jury" at Charleston, Virgin- | ia, by consent of the attendant sheriff, went out into the yard anu beguiled their leisure by playing marbles! There is less cotton at the various ports in the United States, at this time, by about forty thousand bales, than at the same time last year. Later accounts from Central America represent the feeling as being very strong : against General Walker. A new army nuin- j Karjricr Q flflO man ia snnri tn invfldp Xinara- i "V"U0 VJWV iMVM ? | gua. The receipts of cotton in Mobile, for ' the week ending June 27th, were eight hun- j dred and seventy-one bales, against twenty thousand and eleven at the same time last year. A Buffalo paper says a freight train left that city over the Central Railroad, a few days since, which consisted of two hundred and twenty cars, all loaded with flour, nnd containing over 20,000 barrels. The product of a whole township of wheat fields on one train. The New York Journal of Commerce comments upon the cost of the war, to the allies, S400,000,000 to England, and as much or more to France, to say nothing of Turkey and Sardinia. Including the Russian expenditure, the cost is supposed to be two thousand million dollars. The Old Line Whigs of Ashland District, Kentucky, have presented Hon. J. C. Breckenridge with a handsome pair of horses, "as an evidence of their pride in their . fellow-citizen, though of opposite politics, and as a pledge of their confidence in the coming administration of which he will be a prominent member." A Methodist Conference which assembled at Rochester, Andrew county, Missouri, on the 14 th inst., received orders from a number of pro-slavery men to adjourn immediately and leave the State. Not complying with the order, a mob assembled, entered the church, and took the presiding officer and tarred and feathered him. An old man who attempted to prevent the outrage was shot. We are pleased to learn by the Unionville Journal, of the 4th inst., that four spans of the bridge of the Spartanburg & Union Rail Road over Broad River, are completed, and the fifth under way; and that with favorable weather, the bridge will be finished in the course of the present month. The President has procured a sufficient quantity of iron to lay the track over the bridge and trestle?so that the road will be open for business on the west side of Broad river, in a short time after the completion of the bridge. The steam saw, grist and flour mill belonging to Mr. Osmund Woodward, and situated about half mile below Winnsboro, was entirely destroyed by fire on the morning of the 4th instant. How the fire originated is a matter of conjecture, though it is supposed friction in some part of the machinery, from constant grinding the dav previous, heated a oertain iron spindle sufficiently to char the adjaccut wood, which in the course of the night became ignited.? The fire was discovered about 2 o'clock, a. m., when the flames were confined within the mill. The loss is a total one of the building, V-Ll f lL. : ?1 j. 1 pruuauij ui uie eugiuc, uuuut i?u iiuiiuicu bushels of corn belonging to Mr. Woodward, one hundred belonging to customers, a few bushels of wheat, a small lot of lumber, and the books of the establishment; amouuting in the aggregate to probably So,000. Besides the loss to the owner, the burning of this mill will be seriously felt by the district. Corn and wheat .were ground here for citizens in every portion of the district for ten miles around. Mr. Woodward, we arc glad to learn, desigus commencing a reconstruction immediately.? 117/msWo Herv ^ aid and Register, Extra. The London correspondent of the X. Y. Journal of Commerce writes as follows : "There is at this time not even the semblance of an American war feeling in Euggland. The sentiments which prcvades the public miD(l is?'Peace at any price but the price of dishonor.' Mr. Dallas has contributed vastly to the extension of this sentiment; with which even royalty, heretofore so supercilious, is deeply imbued. As au instance, I may remark that a few7 evenings ago he was invited to be present at the celebration of a scientific institution, at which the Duke of Cambridge presided. As soon as the dinner terminated, the duke rose to propose his his health. When his name was mentioned, the applause became so deafening that the duke could not proceed. After it abated he commenced again and was again arrested in like manner in his remarks. He made a third effort, but with no better success.? 'Well, gentlemen,' said he, 'let us drink, for I find if you are not iu advance of me in the appreciation of Mr. Dallas, you are at least not behind me, as you could have given no higher expression iu acknowledgement of his minits thau you have manifested.' A day or two after this occurred, the duke called on Mr. Dallas?a marked testimonial of his regards." About 2,000 bushels of wheat have ' come forward this year of the new crop, principally from the vicinity of Augusta.? Though through the whole tract of country, including Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and the Upper Districts of this State, the harvesting is going on finely, and there is every promise of an abundant crop. Ent_ i iv ;i _ ?a! _ -ii _ l_i. OUgn 01 rain uas laneu wuuiu me just few weeks to keep the crops in order, but not enough to interfere at all with harvest operations, and wheat, generally, will be saved in the best possible condition. This is, perhaps, the first year that the Southern States adjacent to Charleston have raised wheat for market; that which has hitherto come forward may be said to have beeu merely the excess of production over the ordinary wants of the country, which aloue were specially considered, but the exteusion of llailroad communication, has rendered the crop remunerative. The receipts of the last few years has turned attention to the subject, and Wheat may now be said to be fairly legitimated among Southern staples. That which has come forward, so fur, has been sent to New York, and has commanded fancy prices. The flour was exhibited on change, and $10.50 was asked for it. The price, however, for good Southern wheat does not promise to permanently rauge above 81.50 to 81.75 in New York, and the price here, under present circumstances, must be in accordance-?Charleston Standard. C Ij e go r lib ill c (fe n q iri re r EniTEl) BY SAM'L W. MELTON JOHN L. MILLER. YORKVILLE, S. C. ???? ? THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 10,1856. BSU The Editors of the Enquires are still absent. Of their whereabouts we know not?for we have not received the correspondence we expected. By the next paper we may hear of them. HON. D. WALLACE. A correspondent of the Columbia Times proposes the above named gentleman as a candidate for Governor of this State. THE WEATHER. In our last issue, we spoke of drought, and suffering crops. The sceue is changed. Abundant rains have completely saturated the earth, and in several sections of the district, we hear of floods in the creeks. Nothing could be more seasonable to insure the corn crop, which now promises to be abundant. I. O. O. P. The following gentlemen are the officers elect of Trinity Lodge, No. 22, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, for the present term: L. BLOOMBERG, X. G. JAMES FIXLEY, V. G. RICHARD HARE, Treasurer. J. C. KUYKEXDAL, Secretary. THE CIRCUS ! Attention is directed to the advertisement of Maxahan's Circus Company, which will perform in this place to-morrow. The Advertisement is attractive, but as to the merits of the Company we can say nothing. Some of our Western exchanges speak favorably of the concern, and some unfavorably. "When doctors disagree," &c. * "PERMANENT AND UNIVERSAL LAWS." We publish on our first page, by request of an aged and intelligent gentleman, living on the confines of our district, the essay headed, "Permanent and Universal Laws," and take the privilege of calling particular attention to it. We hope, that all classes, ages, and conditions of our readers* will give it a careful perusal. It will repay the labor and trouble. We caution, however, that class, who esteem themselves very good citizens? just a little better than their neighbors?not to read, with anv decree of care and reflection, the last paragraph of the article. Tho best way for such, if they will read it, is to slabber over this part?to dismiss it quickly from their thoughts, and to spread themselves in drivelling homilies about the retailer and the distiller. YORKVILLE FEMALE INSTITUTE. How numberless the associations of thought, which spring up at the mention of the name. Wc will not attempt to portray them. Indulgence in the effort would carry us away from our simple object. Did we suffer ourselves to contemplate the responsibilities of the teachers?the hopes, and fears, and ties of affection of parents, brothers, sisters, and kindred?the guileless friendship, toilsome research, anxious brow, and merry laugh f the pupils, and, last though not least, the great interest of our community bound up in the Institute, we should be led over delightful fields f thought; but, through such interesting scenes, wc are now forbid to wander. To the examination of the pupils of the school, which was held on Tuesday and Wednesday of the past week, we feel, that we must confiue our remarks. From the number of pupils collected in the Institute, we can readily comprehend, that the school has a strong hold on the affections of this and the neighboring districts. It? patronngo is highly encouraging, and demonstrates the fact of an increased devotion in the public to the thorough education and cmbelishment of the female mind. The attendance, on this examination, of parents and guardians?of tho young and old?of the grave and gay, far exceeded in number that of I any former occasion?and, if thc.truth were told, | perhaps a little too numerous for the comfort of some of our hotels. The hotels may, however, be willing to endure like inconvenience, if visitors do not object. The Hall of the Institute, extensive as it is, was filled to its utmost capacity, and, we imaging many retired occasionally for the accommodation of friends more particularly interested. The order of examination with the studies, classes and their teachers, kindly furnished us by one of the trustees, we give, being the best elucidation we can impart in reference to the examination :? TUESDAY MORNING. nopiiomorc l^iass?iiiu rrtsmt'in?nueiuni-. First " Miss Curtis?French. Sophomore " Prof. Elder?Latin. Junior " President?Physiology. Sophomoro " Miss Curtis?History. " " Rev. Adams?Arithmetic. First " Miss Curtis?Botany. TUESDAY AFTERNOON'. Junior Class?Prof. Elder?Latin. Senior " Miss Curtis?Botany. Juuior " Kev. Adams?Geometry. I Senior " President?Moral Philosophy. Soph. " Prof. Elder?Nat. Philosophy. WED XESDA Y MORNIXG. Junior Class?President?Evid. of Christianity. Senior " Prof. Elder?Latin. " " Rev. Adams?Geometry. Junior " Prof. Elder?Chemistry. Second " Miss Curtis?French. " President?Butler's Analogy. WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON. Senior Class?Original Compositions. Fieports of proficiency, of whole school. Diplomas conferred on Graduating Class. WEDNESDAY EVENING. Concert. Address by Rev. J. B. Watt. Concert. We deem it proper to remark, that the First j Class in Latin was examined, not in the Hall, but I in a Class room, in the presence of their parents, ' guardians, and some of the Trustees. This nr1 rangement, we imagine, was made for the reason, j that the Faculty, having confidence in the ability ' and proficiency of the Class, were solicitous they should be certainly heard by those most directly * * J ) j interested in their improvment. We further learn, that the SeniorClass in As ! trouoiny, under the instruction of the President, and the Junior Class in Algebra, under the instrucI tion of Rev. Adams, were not heard, for the simj pie reason of want of time under the arrangement prescribed. It is believed, they were well prepared in the respective studies?the Senior Class in its branch more especially. Were we to stop here in our recital of what was seen and heard, we would be accused by many of suppressing and leaving out all they saw, heard, and remembered. This, of course, is the Music? j the concord of sweet sounds. This was intcrspcr- j I sod throughout the occasion. No matter what I j may have been that hum of voices?that pleasing ; thought half uttered; when Miss UvntnwooD, or ' ' Mr. Keen, or both, with their classes, approached I the piano, all was hushed?silence then reigned. I I Ilappv reign ! AVc almost thought of turning idolj ater, and rearing an altar to the God of silence. J That the young ladies of the Institute should exj hibit their proficiency in music was to have been | expected ; but wc subscribe decidedly to the idea | developed and carried out at this examination? | that the teachers of Music themselves should cx; hibit their own ability to perform and to instruct, i This was done to entire satisfaction. Of tho manner in which the pupils of the school i endured the ordeal of tho two days, it would be presumption in us to speak. How could we judge I them? It is true, they answered promptly, and J -eemed to be very familiar with the respective 1 studies. The examination was obviously fair, and 1 searching. Of this however we are better pcrsuad- i cd?that the Faculty are gentlemen of learning? ! competent to their duty?faithful in the discharge of their responsibilities, and arc assiduous in effort to rear up and maintain an institution worthy of the age and of our country. Miss Ci rtis, also of the Faculty, is regarded, as wo happen to know, an important acquisition in her department ; and we are assured, that the Trustees would be very loth to part with her. Of the address of the President to the Graduating Class, on delivering them their Diplomas, we are sure we express only the common sentiment, when we say, that it was highly appropriate and affecting?not gotten up for a display of erudition, hut spoken from the heart, and reaching hearts? its vibrations evidenced and manifested by heaving bosoms and eyes suffused with tears. The address of Rev. J. B. Watt was all, which was anticipated from his recognized intelligence, powers of elocution, pleasing address, and appropriate gesture. Its worst fault was its brevity.? Many, notwithstanding the oppressive heat of the evening, rendered more unendurable from the crowded state of the room, would willingly have heard him further. IVe were sorry to hear, that the Rev. gentleman was laboring under considerable indisposition. Upon the whole, the occasion of this assemblage was gay?attractive?pleasant?interesting?and will long be kepi, in memory by many an aged, as well as youthful heart. May many such occasions be in reserve for the Yorkville Female Institute? our village and country. KING'S MOUNTAIN MILITARY SCHOOL. The examination of this flourishing institution commenced on the 25th ultimo, and continued three days, ending with an Exhibition nnd an Annual Address on Friday, the 27th. Those, who were present during the examination of the various classes, must have been forcibly impressed with the superior advantages for education and mental discipline, which this excellent school affords. The exercises were conducted by Capt. M. Jenkins, Lieut. A. Cowaiid nnd C. A. SEABnoOK, Esq., and embraced the following branches of study, viz: Arithmetic, English Grammar, Parker's Aids, History, Algebra, Geometry, Natural Philosophy nnd French; in all of which the Cadets gave the most satisfying evidence of having been thoroughly taught, and reminded us strongly that ?1.~ llWItol ia TTnrMi ilninrr lit. ftll. is HIC um nuu^w " "?? " " " ? ? o ? ' ? worth doing -well"?hns not been entirely ignored. The more fashionable phrase?"universal accomplishments"?we fear is gaining ground in our country; hence the growing superficiality of education : hence the formidable list of 'ologies in the programme of our school studies. In these remarks we are very far from seeking to cast censure upon the system of any single inj stitution, our object being if possible to arouse a potent spirit among us?a spirit.which we believe is at work in some quarters, beneath all this noise and smoke. There is a force at the bottom which will yet work out good and perfect fruits. We say, then, let the education of our youth be the substantial nutriment of the mind, not intellectual pyrotechnics that dazzle and blaze for a time, yet leave only a vague and misty impression behind. When institutions of lenrningcan be made I to subserve such a purpose, they become mighty | engines for good to any and every community, and should be regarded and cherished as such. We must not omit to notice the Exhibition, which was decidedly the most interesting wc ever had the pleasure of attending. The crowded auditory of parents and friends, proved their appreciation of the education of their sons and wards, and, indeed, the progress of humanity, as onward and upward. Generally speaking, the young gentlemen acquitted themselves well. Their pieces were well memorised?requiring but slight prompting. But we wish to particularize a few of the be9t speakers ; and though we have fear, that it may give offence unless all nre mentioned in terms of equal commendation, yet we prefer to please oursclf. In the order occurring on the programme, not that of their excellence, we must mention Cadets Bancroft, Palmer and Moore. as disclosing distinct enunciation with natural gesticulation. Mr. Wiiilpex, in the "The Three Black Crows," acted the c.ases admirably. It was a capital hit for a village audience. Wc must not omit to mention "the little Corporal" (Bailey) on the "Necessity of Resistance," as possessing a strong and clear voice, but rising a little too much in the declamatory. lie, however, excelled in gesture, attitude and action. The last piece (an original one) on the "Ruins of Greece," by Sergeant Abiiott, teas beautifully written and well delivered. Then followed the first Annual Address, by Col. | Wm. B. Wilson. It was a timely nnd admirable I effort, and was listened to with marked attention ! by n charmed and delighted audience. Col. Wil| son, though a young man, has earned for himself an enviable reputation as a public speaker. York District may well be proud of such a man. As will be seen by advertisement, the next term of the "King's Mountain Military School" opens [ on the first of September in the new Garrison : Buildings, which, when completed, will be one of the handsomest in the State, affording accommo- | | daticn for two hundred Cadets. For the Yorkvillc Enquirer. .1/cMw, Editors:?I do believe, that it is beginning to be thought a little disgraceful to be seen | visiting a Doggery, or to be seen drunk. You I know 1 am well acquainted with your village.? On Monday last, (your Extra Court Week, but you ! had a short Court of it) I saw standing in the j street, talking together, three very bad drunk- | ards, and they were duly sober. This was about I 12 o'clock. I was astonished at the sight. I do ' I not well know how to account for this great sobriety. Have the candidates quit funncling these | men, or have these men got above begging for a [ quarter, or got ashamed of being seen visiting a Doggery, or being seen drunk ? Who can tell ?? [ I do hope that men have determined to be respecI table. I do not know what took place in the eveI niug, as 1 left early for home. PLAIN TRUTH. Explosion or a Locomotive?A correspondent I of the South Side Democrat states that on Sun J day morning last, the locomotive ".NorloiK." wnicn | had started out from Clarksville on the Roanoke Valley Railroad tvitli about 160 passengers, on an excursion to attend a meeting, hurst her boiler when near Lynesville, killing the engineer and two fireman instantly, aud badly wounding several others. The engineer was blown into fragments, J and portions of his body found one hundred yards from the scene of disaster. The "Norfolk'' was an old engine, bought a few mouths ago upon the I score of economy. Crops in Kansas.?The Van Bureu Iutelligen- | ccr, of the 1-lth ult., says: We learn that the I wheat crop this year is not as good as last, but in I many places it yields a fair average. The oat j crop is suffering for want of rain, aud should it J not come in a few days will bo cut very short.? Corn is suffering, too, for want of rain. Endorsement of Fillmore nnd Donclson. Philadelphia, July 5 Twenty-three States were represented in the American National Camp in session here yesterday. W. J. Hnmil, of Maryland presided. After the usual business of the annual session had been transacted, a resolution was unanimously adopted, endorsing the nominations of Fillmore and Donelson. Resignation of Governor Shannon. In the Cincinnati Gazette of Wednesday we find 1 the following letter from Governor Shannon, of i Kansas Territory, showing that the report of his resignation was not founded in mere rumor. This ' letter appears to have been copied into the Ga-' zette from the Lexington (Mo.) Citizen: Execptive OrriCE, June 10, 1850. Lecompton, K. T. j My Dear Sir:?Your favorof the 18th is receiv- ! ed. I wrote to you some days ago, which I presume you had not received at the date of your last. You can have no difficulty in coming into the territory with bona fide settlers. I have resigned my office, and leave for St. Louis probably on to-morrow. As soon as I pass the line Col. Woodscn will be the acting Governor, and if you have any difficulty, which my last letter to you does not remove, with the troops, you will address him on the subject. I repeat that my proclamation has no application to bona fide emigrants coming into the country. Yours, with respect, Wilson Shannon. TO L'OL. iSUFOKn. Congressional. Washington, July 3. The Senate to-day. adopted resolutions calling on the President for information relative to the proclamation of martial law and the arrest of the judge of the district court of Washington Territory by Governor Stephens. Mr. Collamer, frbm the Committee on Territories, submitted the minority report of the Kansas question, which was read and ordered to be printed. Mr. Thompson, of Kentucky, spoke somewhat , in favor of the bill reported by Judge Douglas, J yesterday. The following is the substance of the ' bill. It provides for the appointment of five commissioners, to be selected from different sections of the Union, to represent fairly all political parties. They shnll take a census of all the legal votes in the Territory, and make a fair apportionment of delegates to be elected in each county to assemble and make a constitution and Stnte government. When the apportionment shall have been thus made, the commissioners are to remain in session every day, excepting Sunday, at places most con- j venicnt to the inhabitants of the Territory, to hear J all complaints, examine witnesses, and correct all J errors in the said list of voters, which shall be previously printed and circulated through the Ter-A t??. ii?. a. ntory, anu posiea in ui ieusi mice w mc mu? public places iu each voting precinct in each county So soon as all errors shall have thus been corrected in said lists, the commissioners are required to cause lis*s of the legal voters to be printed, and copies furnished to each judge of election, to be put up at the places of voting, and circulated through out every county in the territory before the day of election. No person shall be allowed to vote whose name does not appear as a legal voter. The election for delegates to take place on the day of the Presidential election, and the convention to assemble on the first Monday in Dccem: bcr, to decide, first, whether it be expedient for I Kansas to come into the Union at that time, and, if so decided, proceed to form a constitution and State government, which shall be republican in form, and admitted on an equal footing with the original States. The bill provides that no law shall be of force or enforced in the Territory, infringing the liberty of speech, or the liberty of the press, or the right of the people to bear arms, &c. Also, for punishing illegal voting, or fraud, or violence at the election, and to use thg militai^ force for that purpose. The main point is, "the present inhabitants shall decide all points in dispute in Kansas, at a fair election, without fraud or violence, or any other improper influence." All male white inhabitants over the age of twenty-one years to be allowed to vote, if residing in the country and Territory three mouths previous to the day of election, and no other test is to be required; no oath to support the fugitive slave law or any other law, nor any other condition whatsoever. Messrs. Bigler and Hale opposed it. Mr. Adams moved to amend the bill by striking out that part .which gives suffrage to all persons who shall have filed a declaration of their intention to become citizens of the United States in compliance with the naturalization laws. Mr. Crittendenxfavorcd the amendment. Mr. Wilson moved to strike Out all after the enacting clause and insert the declaration that all the laws of the Legislature of Kansas were null and void. A long debate then ensued, which was continui __.-i . i K:U ?? eu until U. line I1UU1, IIUCU tut u111 UO IUU?UI>?U vj Mr. Adams, -was passed by a vote of 22 to 17. In the House of Representatives Mr. Barclay moved a re-cousiileration of the vote of yesterday, laying the bill for the admission of Kansas upon the table. Mr. Houston moved to lay the motion upon the table. Business, however, was then suspended to hear the reading of the report of the Kansas Committee. The report shows that as soon as the bill to orl ganize the Territory of Kansas was passed, a large number of the citizens of Missouri went into the Territory, and held squatter meetings, passed resolutions denouncing abolitionism, and declaring I that slavery existed therein. In the autumn of 185-1, a secret political society, called the Blue Lodge, was formed?the plan of operations, oaths, etc., of which are given by the report. The Lodge controlled the subsequent movements and invasions on the part of the Missouriaus. At the election on November 20th, 1854, for a delegate to Congress, there was no fraud except in the sparsely settled and remote districts, where citizens of Missouri appeared and voted. Details in relation to these facts are given in the report, which says it is reduced to mathematical precision that seventeen hundred illegal and non-resident votes were cast by citizens of Missouri, and that the remainder were eleven hundred legal votes.? Whitfield received a plurality, and would have been elected without the aid of his Missouri friends. During the winter, very great excitement existed on account of the invasion, public meetings were held, and much bitter feeling was manifested. In February, 1855, a census was taken, and the number of legal voters was ascertained to be 2905.? It was also discovered that on the 30th March, j 1855, several days before tlic election, active preparations went on in Missouri, v here a complete j organization was affected. Post-Office Mysteries. John C. Rives once said that when Amos Ken( dall was postmaster general, he took a tour to the south and west partly to get the film off his official optics and see how postal matters were conducted. Of course he did not make himself known on every occasion, but he always looked on at every turn in the post route and learned something. At one place in Mississippi he stopped, while traveling in the stage conch, at a rather insiguifiJ cant village but where there was a "distributing office" of some importance. No one knew that he was the postmaster general. The postmaster of the place was away from home, as he had been for J some months, and the business of overhauling, sorting and distributing Uncle Sam's mails were in the hands of a "sub" in the shape of an old negro woman. The post-office was kept in a pretty good sized room, and one side of it there was a heterogeneous mass that appeared something like a huge pile of mail matter; and it looked, too, somewhat like a small tea garden. There were papers, letters, large and small packages of books, &c., in huge confusion piled around. The old black woman very deliberately unlocked the bags and emptied their contents out on the floor. Amos looked on, and like Satan marshaling his legions in pandemonium, he "admired.'' The darkey, after emptying the contents of ihe b:>g? in a "pile," commenced putting back, and in every pouch re-! placed a "miscellaneous assortment.'' The post- | master general had his eyes open "some," and it occurred to him to ask "aunty" if she could read; "Oh! no," said she ; "but I puts back jest about as much as master used to." As the critic said of Macready, when lie asked the Danish courtier to play on the pipe, and the courtier took him at' his word, and played Yankee Doodle! "Pliancy Ilanilick's feelings!" Fancy old Amos! But his observations were not completed. There was an enormous pile of mail matter that had been accumulating for months under the postal supervision of the sable "sub." It was after "M. C.'s" had learned the art of franking, and when their "beloved constituents" were in the hubit of applying for seeds and other products at the agricultural bureau of the patent office. The cucumber seeds of those days were not all "basswood," as Kendall can testify. The seed in the moist, warm climate of Mississippi had germinated extensively throughout that immense mass of "mail matter;" cabbages, beets, carrots, cauliflowers wero there; potatoes had sprouted; while cucumber, pumpkin and squash vines had extended out of the heap and run nearly across the room ! It is supposed that the warmth of the political documents, stimulated by the fiery nature of southern politicians, had added to, rather than subtracted from, the fertile nature of the postal compost! Abolition Humanity.?The following item is from the Detroit Tribune. Could such a thing occur among the much abused "slave-drivers?"? We opine not, The Tribune says: An orphan negro boy, nine years old, died at the house of Mr. John Allen, near Ypsilanti, last Friday. An inquest revealed no very flattering array of circumstances. He had had the whooping cough all the winter, and before the snow was off the ground, he was set to work out of doOrs barefuoted. When taken sick, lie was removed to the barn and putin the hay with nothing but a quilt for a bed and covering, and he was unattended by either doctor or nurse. Just So.?An Indiana Know Nothing, writing to the Louisville Democrat, thus laconically expresses his agoDy at the fate of his party in that State: "Sambo has got Sam. lie won't even let Sam sleep in the same bed with him over here in r...i: ( .1 muat vnln A. lminimi. iiu sticaio ma* ... mcrica.' And liis motto now is?'Put none but Xiyytrs on guard to-night.' We're going to the devil as fast as we eau, and I want to sell out." Correspondence Between Gen. D. R. Atchison and Amos A. I.awrencc Below we publish uninteresting correspondence between the Hon. D. It. Atchison and Amos A. Lawrence, Esq. Wc a3k our readers to give it a careful reading: Cottage Farm, nenr Boston, March 31. Hon. D. It. Atchison, l'lattc City, Mo. J)etir Sir:?I take the liberty to address you upon a subject in which I have a common interest with yourself, viz: the settlement of Kansas.? Since the repeal of the Missouri Compromise by the last Congress, this Territory has attracted the attention of distant not less than of the neighbori ing States, for it is evident that here must be decided the question, unsettled now, whether there shall be slave or free labor over a vast region of the United States?you and your friends would make slave States, and we wish to prevent your doing so. The stake is a large one, and the ground chosen. Let the fight be a fair one. It is to secure this that I address you. Your influence is requisite to restrain your people from doing great injustice to actual settlers, and provoking them to retaliatory measures, the consequences of which would be most deplorable. 1 beg you, my dear sir, to use your efforts to avcrl so great an evil. Let the contest be waged honorably, for unless | it be so, no settlement of the question can evei be final. It is already reported here that large boilies of Missourians will cross over merely to vote, that they may gain this election as they did the last. But how delusive to suppose that set tiers who have come from one to two thousand miles with their families, will acquiesce in any election gained by such means, or that any future election can be satisfactory which is not conducted according to law. The advantage of proximity is yours. Your people can afford not only to be just but generous in this matter. The repeal of the law which secured this territory against the introduction of slavery, is considered by most men in the free States to have been a breach of the national faith; and it is not unreasonable for those who have gone for a home, to expect a compliance with the laws as they are. ? - XT??i ? j i A.1. Those irom .>ew j&ngiunu nave guno mcic iu guuu faith, and at their own expense. They arc chiefly farmers, but among them are good representatives from all professions. Some have considerable property, but all have rights and principles which they value more than money, and I may say in ore than life itself. Neither is there any truth in the assertion that they are abolitionists. No person of that stamp is known to have gone from here?nor is it known here that any such have gone from other States. But oppression may make them abolitionists of the most dangerous kind. There lias been much said in regard to an extensive organization here which is wholly untrue, I assure you, sir, that what has been undertaken here will be carried on fairly and openly. The management is in the hands of men of prudence, of wealth and of determination. They are not politicians, nor arc they aspirants for office ; they are determined, if it be possible, to see that justice is done to those who linve ventured their all in that Territory. May I not hope, sir, that you will second this effort to see that the contest shall be carried on fairly ? If fairly beat, you may be sure that our people will acquiesce, however reluctant; but they never will yield to injustice, llespcctfully yours, Amos A. L.\ whence. Platte City, Mo., April 15, 1850. Amos A. Lawrence Esq:?Dear Sir?Your letter of the 31st March Inst has been received, and would have been answered promptly had I not been absent for the past ten days. Although I have no personal acquintancc with you, I have yet hoard enough of your history and character to entertain a high regard for you. 1 doubt not that you are actuated by kind and noble impulses and generous sentiments, but upon the r/uestion of "slavery," by a mistakeujudginent. You say that you have "n common interest with myself iu the settlement of Kansas." This I admit; but your interest is not equal to mine. I live within a few miles of Kansas, and have a few slaves. You have none, (at least black ones.) You : have not the hazard of a good or bad neighborhood I to encounter. I have. You say, "since the repeal of the Missouri Compromise by the last Congress, this territory lias attracted the attention of distant not less than of tlm noio-litinrinir States: for it is evident that here | ?MV MV.C..VV c , must be decided tbe question whether there shall | be slave or free labor over a vast region of the j United States, now unsettled. You and your i friends would make slave States, and we wish to ! prevent your doing so. The stake is a largo one," i kv. You are right in your conjecture that I and my friends wish to make Kausas in all respects like Missouri. Our interests require it. Our peace through all time demands it; and we intend j to leave nothing undone that will conduce to that : end, and can with honor be performed. If wc fail, j then we will surrender to your care and control the State of Missouri. Wc have all to lose in the j contest; you and your friends have nothing at j stake. You propose to vote or drive us from Ivan| sas. j Wc do not propose to dri** you or your friends | from that territory; but we uo not intend either to j be voted or driven out of Knnneis, if ire ccn help it; ; for we are foolish enough to believe that we have ! as much right to inhabit that country as men from New England. Neither do we intend to be driven from Missouri, or sutler ourselves to bo harrassed in our peace, if wc can help it. At least we will try and make you and your friends share some ot of our anxieties. There now exists no reciprocity ; between the free and slave States. You and your , frieudscan leave Massachusetts, and pass through and take up your abode in Missouri or Arkansas, and our people and our laws protect your persons and property not only from injury, but our hospitality and kindness save you from insult. How different from your State. I cannot pass through Massachusetts or any other Northern State, with tj my servant, without the certainty of having him ci or her stolen, myself insulted, and perhaps, my life taken. There is no reciprocity in this. Yet 01 we are supposed to be citizens of the same rcpnb- c< lie. Our fathers fought side by side and formed ai an alliance, &c. w The fight shall be as free as the nature of the ,fi case admits. Indeed, there should be no fight at it; all. 1 do not desire it; but, sir, if 1 am met by a c< robber in the highway, and he demands my purse bi or my horse, I will not stop to ask him whether lie K hns a revolver, but will immediately resort to the; lr use of my own weapons, and make the best defence I can. r< Your people, you say, leave their homes, thou- ti sands of miles off, and come out of the ordinary ti course of emigration, for no other purpose, as they avow, hut to exclude us from Kansas, and over- G throw our.institutions. All! to overthrow slavery tl and establish freedom, as they say. oj At the election last fall, for delegate to Gongrcss, G it is a fact beyond controversy, that many, very ci many Northern men, came from New England, tl New York, and other remote points, to vote, and ft for no other purpose; for not less than one hun- tt dred and fifty of them left for the East, together o with their candidate, on the day after the election. T Now, was it right for abolitionists, one thousand It miles off. to romp to Knnsns vntf no nut: nf thnt h territory, and wrong for the people of Missouri, b living in eight of her green hills and broad prairies to go there to secure their homes ? Answer o this, if you please. "You say that my influence v is requisite to restrain your (our) people from do- I ing great injustice to actual settlers," &c. My c influence shall be used to prevent injustice to all t actual settlers who come to Missouri or Kansas to k improve their condition, whether they be from the d North or South. But let the settlers be sure that v they do not come with the express purpose of doing t great injustice to us. If so, they deserve and shall li have no protection from me. The cmsade preach- I ed by Peter the Hermit, and headed by Walter, v the Pennyless, was just, righteous and holy compared with the Northern crusade to Kansas, and against Missouri and the other slave States. Peter complained of exactions, oppressions and out- j rage upon the Pilgrims to the Holy Sepulchre by Infidels. To repress those grievances he preached j his Crusade, but you and your friends have no j such grievances to complain of whatsoever, in the ( South or the Territories. When you come among 1 us, you are greeted as friends ana treated as broth- ) ers, unless you come with the avowed purpose of ; doing wrong to us. ; Now, sir, fanaticism preachers, the Three Thout- ] and I'eter.i of New Englnud and the Abolition Bat- \ talionn of Walter the Pennyless, will, I doubt not, | meet the fate of their prototypes. Indeed they ( have already, to some extent, met it. You say , that "proximity is ours, and that we can nflford to ] be not only just but generous." We can and we will not onlj be just but generous?we will protect . oursth'ex aud do the least possible injury to the | persons and property of those who are neither just \ nor generous. For just men will not come from j Massachusetts to war upon the right of men who ] never wronged them. Y'oh* say that "the repeal ] of the law which secured this territory against ( slavery is considered by most men in the free States j to have been n breach of national faith ?" The | history of thecouutry, the public records show this to be a mistaken assumption. Did it never enter , into the heads of men in the free States that the enactment of the law which was repealed was a gross violation, in the first place, of the notional faith, and that the disgraceful "statute" should long ago have been expunged ? You say that "those who go from New England to Kansas, have gone in good faith, and at their own expense," &c. This may be, and, I doubt not, is true in many instances ; for I do not for one moment suppose that you would knowingly misrepresent, yet you may not be fully informed. You fnrther say, "neither is there any truth in the assertion that they are Abolitionists. No per? . ? . i x. i r i i j son 01 tlini Siamp is Known to nave gone irum acre. Now, my dear sir, we may not agree as to the term ' Abolitionist;" but I care not how this may be settled?a man coming from Massachusetts or South Carolina to settle in Kansas, with the express purpose of excluding slaveholders from that Territory, and by means of his influence in that Territory, abolishing slavery in Missouri, I regard as an "Abolitionist," and any enemy to justice and right and the Constitution and Union of these United ; States. I respect no man who is willing to overthrow our government, involve the United States with each other in civil war, that African slavery may be abolished ! So I would admire the man wha would declare it wrong, and who would stake his life and his property on the proposition that it was sinful and against God's law to butcher a calf, or slaughter a lamb. The term "free soiler" is to me far ; more odious than "Abolitionists." The one implies something of honesty, and the other all of ' knavery and hypocrisy. I do not know what organizations you may have, for the purpose of abo! litionizing Kansas; but most assuredly we have seen in the Boston and other Northern papers, and 1 heard from Northern men, that companies have 1 been chartered, and by some of your Legislatures the object of which was to colonize Kansas with | abolitionists. And wc have certainly seen notices of public meetings called to organize what they termed 1 "Emigration Aid Societies," one of which had F. P. Blair for President, l'ou say that "what has I been undertaken here, (Boston,) will be carried on 1 fairly and openly. The management is in the hands of men of prudence, of wealth and determination," &c. Now, my dear sir, let me assure you that the aianngement of our affairs here, to meet your movements in the North, is also under the control and direction of prudence and determination. Wc have not much wealth amongst us, but we have a sufficiency, and we will see that justice is done to your people and to ourselves, and when we are fairly ruined by your power, we will then acnuiescc. but not till then. In conclusion, I would say that you and your 1 people arc the aggressors upon our right". You come to drive us and our "peculiar" institution from Kansas. We do not intend, cost what it may, ' to be driven or deprived of any of our rights.? Missouri will never again compromise or concede. We are and intend to remain your equals. Since 1 the war of the Revolution you have done nothing ' for the extension and glory of the confederacy. In the war of 1812, except a few of your sailors, you ' did nothing. In the contest with Mexico, Massachusetts, with the exception of a mutilated regi1 ment, was not in the war; and your peculiar 1 friends did not aid in raisiug and equipping that regiment. When territory is purchased with our money and our blood, you are for monopolizing it. I may be somewhat unjust in the foregoing " remarks, but such is my recollection of history. 1; If I am wrong, you can correct me. The sin of 1 slavery, if a sin, is ours, notyours. Your fathers sold their slaves, and ours bought them. If you 1 consider slavery in Missouri and Arkansas a grievance to you, say at once that we must free them or you will separate from us. Do this and we ; will act like honest men, and we will meet you > half way. We cannot ever maintain this state of quasi peace and quasi war. I have been informed that you have an income ; of 5100,000. Let me suggest that you purchase ' $90,000 worth of negroes ; come out to Kansas ; feed and clothe your slaves well; give them employment ; build for them and yourself good kouj ses; improve their condition ; build for j*ourself I fine barns and stables; cover the prairies with I wheat, hemp and corn; feed your cattle on a tliouj sand hills; assist your poor neighbor; and my I word for it, you will do more good for your race, 1 both white and black, than you are doing or can i do in Boston. I should be happy to have you for I a neighbor; and you will find as much good among 1 slaveholders ns you have found among non-slaveholders. At least yon will have tried an experi! mcnt. Your obedient servant, DAVID R. ATCHISON. A Chicago Item.?It is reported that on one of I the most conspicuous corners in Chicago, is a large i six story building, built by a clerk in the city, I with funds purloined from his employer. When detection became unavoidable, he left town and | sent back an agent to negotiate. The matter was j finally arranged by the employer taking the buildj ing and paying the thief ten thousand dollars, and ! if was remarked, so ereat had been the rise in the I value of the property, that the employer made 1 I his fortune by being robbed. Texas Items. The Galveston News learns from Mr. B. F. Marsh, Engineer of the Mexican Gulf and Henderson Railroad, who has recently been engaged in making some preliminary surveys in the neighborhood of Bolivar l'oint, that the road will be built with the utmost despatch, and twenty-five j miles will certainly be completed before the 1st of February next. The crops in the eastern section of the State are unusually good. Mr. Farier are of Liberty county, has had corn already matured and made into meal; but generally the corn is late, though it looks remarkably well. The bolls on the cotton are about half grown, and this crop promises also ' to be superior to the average. The accounts fro.m the western portion are not so favorable! *?He drought has been very severe, and unless they have rain soon, the corn crops, it is said, will be nearly : a total failure. A gentleman arrived in Galveston, having travelled from Corpus Christi tdong Red RiTer, occupying forty days in his journey, says not a drop of rain fell the whole time, and t^iat the wholn coun' - '''*&? A** r was suffering severely from drought. The corn ops, it is thought, will fail entirely. The Galveston Civilian of June 24th learns that i the preceding Saturday the people of Orange rnnty proceeded to the house of Joe Brenham, id killed Ned Glover, late Sheriff, and Jack Moore, i ho had been warned to leave the county, and reised. At the house of Bienham were -fouod the uplements of the counterfeiters and a quantity of , innterfeit money. This place is believed to have een the headquarters of the counterfeiters. The egulators then gave Col. Sapp ond his son one our's notice to leave the county. , The Judges of the Supreme Court "of Teias have ;signed. Gov. Pease's proclnmation.for the elecon of one Chief Justice and two Associate Jus- ' < ces of the Supreme Court. < The Galveston News of June 26th says the "City uard" had held a meeting and resolved to tender m icir services to the Government for the purpose fl f quelling the disturbances of Orange county.? en. McLeod, the captain of the company, has immunicftted the "resolve" to Gov. Pease. From ie accounts received from the Sabine, some such >rce will be necessary to restore quiet .and mainlin the supremacy of the law. A number of men f bad character reside on the border line, between exas and Louisiana. They are said to be reck>sa, and as they know the country well, it may , p Vinth n trrmVilpsnme nnd rlnncrprnns hnsiness to ring them to terms. . . A rumor had reached Austin, representing the * ccurvence of a general stampede from the reserations, the killing of several Indians, and so on. t is probable this report originated from a diffiulty between a Camancbe and his wife. Infuria- . ed by jealousy, he stabbed her with a batcher- J nife, though the wound is not likely to prove very angerous. He gave himself up, and the affair ras investigated by the agents, and the offender urned over to his own people for trial. There "j in^been much excitement among the red brethren, 4 iut it is not probable any of them left the reserations. . , V FrCrn the New York Herald. I Change Coming over British Sentiment. It will be seen by the extracts from the British ournals and the debates in Parliament, which are jublished elsewhere, that a marked change is _ :oming over British feeling and British opinions with regard to this country. The dismissal of ^ Mr. Crampton is'considered calmly, and the leadng journals seem at least resigned to the accident. More important than these, tho speech of Mr. Disraeli openly takes the ground that much of the md feeling that has been ronsed in past times between the United States and England has been niginally caused by British jealousy of American jxpansion?a feeling, says the orator, unjustifiable in principle, unjustified by practice. We nre exceedingly happy to perceive this sensible language?coming as it does from one of the foremost statesmen of England, from an orator of the party from which we had least right to expect 500(1 will, and listened to with marked applause in the Brittish House of Commons. Many years linvc elapsed since similar sentiments first appeared in these columns. We have always been satisfied that every increase in the territory of the Unitcd States was not an injury but a large benefit to mankind in general, ard to the great trading nations, such as France and England, in particular. To the case of California Mr. Disraeli might have added that of Louisiana, whose purchase was regarded at the time as a severe mow to -England, but from which we will venture to say that she has since derived more wealth and more profit than from any of her own colonies, India excepted. The acquisition of Mexico, were sueh a thing possible, which it is not at present, and that of Central America, which is out.of the question, would I also be beneficial to England, to France, to every m nation that has a trade and ships, to evifcry person V who is interested in the spread of civilization, com- ' mcrco, industry, religion, freedom and good government. We cannot help wishing that Mr. Disraeli had availed himself of bis position and his opportunity to explain why it has happened thatthe expansion of the United States has been for the world's good, and why Great Britain has hitherto opposed it. A very few words might have mode the matter clear. In former times, annexation implied subjection. Conquest was the usual mode of annexing territory; and all other modes being assimilated to it, the race whose territory was annexed was treated as a conquered people, without rights or claims save on the mercy of the conquerors.? They were quite commonly deprived of their institutions, stripped of their liberty, made to pay tribute; and not unfrequentiy denied the free use of their language and their religion. Under a system of such severity as this, annexation naturally appeared a very hateful operation to all but the annexers. Again, in former times, When wars were sempiternal, a nation's strength consisted in the number of men she could bring into the field; and the nation which owned the most conquered provinces, whose male citizens she could by the rules of public law force into her public service, was naturally the most powerful. Hence, a very natural reason for a dislike on the part of one na- tion to see its rival providing itself with new sup- M plies of soldiers from this source. It was mainly from these reasons that the peculiar British'aversion to see tho United States expand, first took its origin. The feeling was a traditionary one, and modern rivalry aggravated it. A glance at the facts of conrse shows its fallacy. In the first place, the United States seek no war with any one, do not impress soldiers, owe their strength to their corn and their cotton -and their labor and their freedom, and the happy combination of circumstances which render it good policy for foreign capitalists to invest their money here. These elements of strength can hardly be increased by the annexation of new States. And, secondly, the United States have no provinces, no subjugated people whom they have conquered, and to whom they have doled out the harsh lot of the vanquished. When thoy annex a State, it is admitting a partner, not seizing a servant; there is nothing in the business that any one can object to; but, on tho contrary, much in the prospect of postavifw nrtrl frAnrlnro firul n. liicrlipp r.ivifvTfl.iinn fnr the new citizens that can be honorably applauded. The United States are not in the habit of extracting a revenue from new States, as is done by the East India Company in HindoBtan; nor even do they lay restraints on their trade, prescribe to whom they may sell, or from whom buy, as used to be the British policy. Mr. Disraeli might have laid- stress on these . arguments, and shown that the causes for the feel- fl ing having vanished, the feeling itself had best be * laid aside. But perhaps this was needless. The Crarapton case has awakened men's minds both here,and in Europe to the enormous infamy of a war between the United States and England; and we need not fear that a quarrel will again be needlessly provoked. Both nations will esteem each other the more for the brush; and though the United States?to whom the affair will be of infinite service in Europe?may be the greater gainer of the two, the good sense and discretion evinced at this last moment by the press, Parliament and people of England will not be thrown many on this country. So far as Mr. Disraeli refers to American affairs he has our hearty concurrence. He has our concurrence in his denunciation of the Monroe doctrine, though it is not quite clear from what be says that he thoroughly understands it. The Monroe doctrine was invented as a sort of reply to the monarchical congresses which used to be held every two or three years, some thirty-five to forty years ago in Europe. It arose at the time that confederations of American republics, from North to South, were seriously mooted, and was viewed as the best means of protecting the weaker ones from European attack. But the premises, here again, are all changed. The North American and Central republics have been total failures in some cases, and not brilliant successes in any; no one m talks of a federation now; and the doctrine wmcn ^ was to ceiuont and shelter is has gone with the original scheme, and only survives in the frothy speeches of prosy politicians. Not True. Something will have to be done by the press to stop the flood of falsehood which associated news agents daily are in the practice of sending to the newspapers, using the telegraph wires for that purpose. The evil is getting to be intolerable, and the credit of newspaper statements is very much impaired in consequence. Instead of being reliable individuals, men of intelligence and judgment, to gather news and transmit only what they know to be true, in many cities the news agents, appear to be the most violent partisans, who allow their feelings to color every statement they send, and who either manufacture falsehoods designedly or < allow others to use them for partisan purposes.? Chicago has been a place where a great many of those infamous fabrications have come from. Only on Tuesday there was a highly colored statement made of a Methodist Conference having been broken up in Missouri by pro-slavery men, the church having been entered and the presiding officer tarred and feathered. We are assured that this statement is an entire falsehood, and we have before us a plan ot the Episcopal Visitation for 1856)"'which shows that the Missouri Conference is held but once a year, and in Missouri not till 4L next October. In nnothor column we also have the correction of another statement sent by telegraph from Ncw York, that Governor John Bigler had been warned not to return to San Francisco. This story is another fabrication, and Gov. Bigler has had nothing to do with California affairs since w M